Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Armoracia rusticana
(horseradish)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Armoracia rusticana (horseradish)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 23 May 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Armoracia rusticana
  • Preferred Common Name
  • horseradish
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Poisonous to mammals
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Traditional/folklore

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Armoracia rusticana (horseradish); habit, growing wild, in the Elbe floodplains. North-eastern Lower Saxony, Germany. July 2009.
TitleHabit
CaptionArmoracia rusticana (horseradish); habit, growing wild, in the Elbe floodplains. North-eastern Lower Saxony, Germany. July 2009.
Copyright©Christian Fischer-2009/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Armoracia rusticana (horseradish); habit, growing wild, in the Elbe floodplains. North-eastern Lower Saxony, Germany. July 2009.
HabitArmoracia rusticana (horseradish); habit, growing wild, in the Elbe floodplains. North-eastern Lower Saxony, Germany. July 2009.©Christian Fischer-2009/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Armoracia rusticana (horseradish); inflorescence. Karlsruhe, Germany. May 2009.
TitleFlowers
CaptionArmoracia rusticana (horseradish); inflorescence. Karlsruhe, Germany. May 2009.
Copyright©H. Zell-2009/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Armoracia rusticana (horseradish); inflorescence. Karlsruhe, Germany. May 2009.
FlowersArmoracia rusticana (horseradish); inflorescence. Karlsruhe, Germany. May 2009.©H. Zell-2009/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Armoracia rusticana (horseradish); fruits. Karlsruhe, Germany.
TitleFruits
CaptionArmoracia rusticana (horseradish); fruits. Karlsruhe, Germany.
Copyright©H. Zell-2009/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Armoracia rusticana (horseradish); fruits. Karlsruhe, Germany.
FruitsArmoracia rusticana (horseradish); fruits. Karlsruhe, Germany.©H. Zell-2009/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Armoracia rusticana (horseradish); roots (hren) for sale on a local market. Ljubljana, Slovenia. March 2016.
TitleCrop
CaptionArmoracia rusticana (horseradish); roots (hren) for sale on a local market. Ljubljana, Slovenia. March 2016.
Copyright©Amanda Slater-2016, Coventry, West Midlands, UK/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.0
Armoracia rusticana (horseradish); roots (hren) for sale on a local market. Ljubljana, Slovenia. March 2016.
CropArmoracia rusticana (horseradish); roots (hren) for sale on a local market. Ljubljana, Slovenia. March 2016.©Amanda Slater-2016, Coventry, West Midlands, UK/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.0
Armoracia rusticana (horseradish); morphology. (A) flowering plant; (B) primary root; (C) part of inflorescence; (D) flower; (E) stamens; (F) immature fruit. (not necessarily to scale).
TitleMorphology
CaptionArmoracia rusticana (horseradish); morphology. (A) flowering plant; (B) primary root; (C) part of inflorescence; (D) flower; (E) stamens; (F) immature fruit. (not necessarily to scale).
Copyright©PROSEA Foundation
Armoracia rusticana (horseradish); morphology. (A) flowering plant; (B) primary root; (C) part of inflorescence; (D) flower; (E) stamens; (F) immature fruit. (not necessarily to scale).
MorphologyArmoracia rusticana (horseradish); morphology. (A) flowering plant; (B) primary root; (C) part of inflorescence; (D) flower; (E) stamens; (F) immature fruit. (not necessarily to scale).©PROSEA Foundation

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Armoracia rusticana P.G. Gaertner, B. Meyer & J. Scherbius

Preferred Common Name

  • horseradish

Other Scientific Names

  • Armoracia lapathifolia Gilibert (1782)
  • Cardamine armoracia (L.) Kuntze
  • Cochlearia armoracia L. (1753)
  • Nasturtium armoracia (L.) Fries (1835)
  • Rorippa rusticana (G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb.) Godr.

International Common Names

  • Spanish: rabano picante; rabano rusticano
  • French: cran; cranson; mérédic; raifort; raifort sauvage
  • Portuguese: armoracia

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Echter Meerrettich; Kren
  • Italy: cren; rafano rusticana
  • Japan: seiyowasabi; wasabidaikon
  • Netherlands: mierik
  • Philippines: kamunggay
  • Sweden: pepparrot

EPPO code

  • ARWLA (Armoracia lapathifolia)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Capparidales
  •                         Family: Brassicaceae
  •                             Genus: Armoracia
  •                                 Species: Armoracia rusticana

List of Pests

Top of page

Major host of:

Albugo candida (white rust of crucifers); Alternaria brassicae (dark spot of crucifers); Alternaria brassicicola (dark leaf spot of cabbage); Arabis mosaic virus (hop bare-bine); Athalia rosae (cabbage leaf sawfly); Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green looper caterpillar); Circulifer tenellus (beet leafhopper); Heterodera schachtii (beet cyst eelworm); Hyalopterus pruni (mealy plum aphid); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Phyllotreta armoraciae (horseradish flea beetle); Pieris protodice (checkered white); Plutella xylostella (diamondback moth); Spiroplasma citri (stubborn disease of citrus); Thrips tabaci (onion thrips); Turnip mosaic virus (cabbage A virus mosaic); Xanthomonas campestris (black rot of crucifers); Xanthomonas campestris pv. armoraciae (Xanthomonas leaf spot)

Minor host of:

Chalara elegans (black root rot); Colletotrichum dematium (leaf spot); Epitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle); Gibberella avenacea (Fusarium blight); Halyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug); Hyaloperonospora cochleariae; Hyaloperonospora parasitica (downy mildew); Otiorhynchus armadillo (armadillo weevil); Pieris brassicae (large cabbage white); Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis (lettuce marginal leaf blight); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Thrips angusticeps (field thrips); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt)

Wild host of:

Delia radicum (cabbage root fly); Erwinia rhapontici (rhubarb crown rot); Pieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)

Host of (source - data mining):

Frankliniella tritici (eastern flower thrips)

Uses List

Top of page

Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Poisonous to mammals

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore