Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ovis aries
(sheep)

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Datasheet

Ovis aries (sheep)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 September 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Natural Enemy
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ovis aries
  • Preferred Common Name
  • sheep
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Chordata
  •       Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •         Class: Mammalia
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • Ovis aries (sheep) are an ungulate mammal believed to have originated in Europe. While humans have domesticated the majority of sheep, feral populations exist....

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Ovis aries (sheep); Swaledale ewe on the rolling fells of the Lake District near Keswick, in Cumbria, England. June, 2009.
TitleSwaledale ewe
CaptionOvis aries (sheep); Swaledale ewe on the rolling fells of the Lake District near Keswick, in Cumbria, England. June, 2009.
Copyright©David Iliff - CC BY-SA 3.0
Ovis aries (sheep); Swaledale ewe on the rolling fells of the Lake District near Keswick, in Cumbria, England. June, 2009.
Swaledale eweOvis aries (sheep); Swaledale ewe on the rolling fells of the Lake District near Keswick, in Cumbria, England. June, 2009.©David Iliff - CC BY-SA 3.0
Ovis aries (sheep); research flock at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station near Dubois, Idaho, USA.
TitleSheep flock
CaptionOvis aries (sheep); research flock at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station near Dubois, Idaho, USA.
CopyrightPublic Domain image: released by USDA-ARS/Keith Weller
Ovis aries (sheep); research flock at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station near Dubois, Idaho, USA.
Sheep flockOvis aries (sheep); research flock at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station near Dubois, Idaho, USA.Public Domain image: released by USDA-ARS/Keith Weller

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ovis aries Linnaeus, 1758

Preferred Common Name

  • sheep

Other Scientific Names

  • Ovis aries musimon Pallas, 1762
  • Ovis aries ophion Blyth, 1841
  • Ovis musimon Pallas, 1762
  • Ovis musimon musimon Pallas, 1762
  • Ovis musimon ophion Blyth, 1841
  • Ovis ophion Blyth, 1841
  • Ovis orientalis Gmelin, 1774

International Common Names

  • English: ewe; ewes; lamb; lambs; mouflon; ram; rams; sheep
  • Spanish: ovejas
  • French: brebis; moutons

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Schafe
  • Italy: pecore
  • Portugal: carneiros

DADIS local name

  • Abrag
  • Abyssinian
  • Acchele Guzai
  • Adal
  • Adikarasial
  • Afar
  • Africana
  • Afridi
  • Agrah
  • Agrinon
  • Akale Guzai
  • Akhangaran Mutton-Wool
  • Akrah
  • Aktyubinskaya Polugrubosherstnaya
  • Alai Kou
  • Alaiskaya
  • Alaiskaya Kurdyuchnaya
  • Ålandsfår
  • Alaskan White
  • Ala-Tau Argali
  • Algarve Churra
  • Altai
  • Altai Merino
  • Altai Mountain
  • Altaiskaya Poroda Tonkorunnykh Ovets
  • Amale
  • Amasya Herik
  • American Four-Horned
  • Ammon
  • Anatolian Wild
  • Andalusian Churro
  • Andi
  • Ansi
  • Appenino-Modenese
  • Appennine
  • Arab
  • Arabian Long-Tailed
  • Aragatsskaya
  • Araghi
  • Arapawa Merino
  • Arbi
  • Ardennais Roux
  • Ardennais tacheté
  • Argentine Cormo
  • Arid Highland
  • Armenian Semifinewooled Fat-Tailed Breed Group
  • Armyanskaya Polugrubosherstnaya
  • Arsi-Bale
  • Arta
  • Artésien
  • Ashkhabad
  • Asiatic Bighorn
  • Askaniiskaya or Askaniiskaya Poroda Tonkorunnykh Ovets
  • Askaniiskaya Poroda Tonkorunnykh Ovets
  • Astor Urial
  • Atlantica
  • Aure et Campan
  • Auroise
  • Ausimi
  • Avarskaya
  • Awassi
  • Azerbaijan Mutton-Wool
  • Azrov
  • Baduval
  • Baduwal
  • Bagnerschaf
  • Bagnes
  • Bahawalpuri
  • Baherie
  • Bakewell Leicester
  • Baladi
  • Balami
  • Balandji
  • Balani
  • Balbasskaya
  • Balemi
  • Balestra
  • Balkar
  • Balonndi
  • Baltistan
  • Baluchi Dumba
  • Bandur
  • Bannur
  • Bapedi
  • Barasi
  • Barazi
  • Barbary
  • Barca
  • Baregeois
  • Bargad
  • Barka
  • Basco-Béarnaise
  • Basilicata
  • Bastarda maremmana
  • Bastarda Spagnola
  • Bayad Khoni
  • Bedouin
  • Begghie Abesce
  • Begghie Korboraca
  • Bekaneri
  • Bekrit
  • Belaslatina
  • Belgian Milk
  • Belgisch Melkschaap
  • Beli Metohijski soj
  • Bellani
  • Belokranjka
  • Bengal
  • Beniguil
  • Bera
  • Berber
  • Berber à Laine Zoulai
  • Berbera Blackhead
  • Besch da Pader
  • Bhadarwah
  • Bhanglung
  • Bhera
  • Bhote
  • Bhotia
  • Bhyanglung
  • Bidiri North Sudanese
  • Bikaneri
  • Bikaneri Chokla
  • Bityugskaya
  • Black Blazed sheep
  • Black Colonial
  • Black Criollo
  • Black Merino
  • Blackface
  • Black-Face Manech
  • Blackhead Ogaden
  • Blackheaded Somali
  • Blanc de Montagnes
  • Blanford's Urial
  • Blinkhaar Steekhaar Afrikaner
  • Blue Texel
  • Bluefaced Main
  • Bohemian Land
  • Border Leicester Improved
  • Border Merino
  • Bourges
  • Bozakh
  • Braganca and Miranda Galician
  • Brazi
  • Brazilian Somali
  • Brazilian Woolless
  • Breton Dwarf
  • Brezi
  • Brigasca
  • Brillenschaf
  • Brown Headed Meat Sheep
  • Brown Mountain
  • Bugti
  • Bulandshari
  • Bundelkhandi
  • Burgundy Merino
  • Burmese
  • Burri
  • Buryat
  • Buryat- Mongolian
  • Butana
  • Buti
  • Cabeca Preta
  • Cameroons Dwarf
  • Campanian Barbary
  • Camura
  • Canaltaler
  • Canaria breed
  • Canaria Hair Breed
  • Carakachanska
  • Carnero de Pelo de Buey
  • Carsulina
  • Castlemilk Shetland
  • Caucasian
  • Caucasian Finewool
  • Caucasian Merino
  • Caucasian Rambouillet
  • Chacra
  • Chaffal
  • Chagra
  • Chakra
  • Chakri
  • Chamar
  • Chamar Khoni
  • Chanothar
  • Chapper
  • Charmois
  • Charotari
  • Chechen
  • Cherkasskaya
  • Cherkassky
  • Cherkasy
  • Chernoglava Plevenska Ovtsa
  • Chevali
  • Chilludo
  • China Fat-Tailed
  • Chiraz
  • Chita
  • Chiva
  • Chleuh
  • Chottanagpuri
  • Choufalie
  • Chuisk Meat-Wool Breed Group
  • Chuiskaya Polutonkorunnaya
  • Chundi
  • Chusco
  • Çildir
  • Cilician
  • Circassian
  • Cladagh
  • Coete
  • Coimbatore White
  • Colmenar
  • Colombian Woolless
  • Common
  • Common Long-tailed
  • Common Russian
  • Commun des Alpes
  • Congo Dwarf
  • Congo Long-Legged
  • Constantinois
  • Coquo
  • Cornella White
  • Cornigliese
  • Corsican
  • Corteno
  • Cottagh
  • Cragg
  • Cres Island
  • Criollo Negro
  • Crioulo Lanado
  • Crna Vlaska
  • Crossbreed Sheep
  • Cuban Hairy
  • Cubano Rojo
  • Cuorgné
  • Curraleiro
  • Cutchi
  • Cyprian Mouflon
  • Cyprian Red
  • Cyprian Urial
  • Cyprian Wild
  • Dagestan Mountain
  • Dala Sheep
  • Dall sheep
  • Damana
  • Damari
  • Danish Heath
  • Danish Landrace
  • Dargintsi
  • Darkhat
  • Darvaz
  • Darvaz Mountain Mutton-Wool
  • Dazdawi
  • Degeres Mutton-Wool
  • Delaimi
  • Delim
  • Delimi
  • Delle Murge
  • Demontina
  • Desert Sudanese
  • Deshi
  • Deshiya Betaluwa
  • Desi
  • Deslanado Branco
  • Deslanado de Nordeste
  • Deslanado do Nordeste
  • Deslanado Vermelho
  • Devon Longwool
  • Dhitiki Thraki
  • Dhormundi
  • Dillene
  • Dishley Leicester
  • Dishley Merino
  • Djallonke
  • Dorman
  • Doukkala-Abda
  • Doukkalide
  • Douleimi
  • Doundoun
  • Drashiani
  • Drenthe Heath Sheep
  • Dubrovacka Ruda
  • Dugli
  • Dulaimi
  • Dumari
  • Dun
  • Dunface
  • Eastern Serbia
  • Edilbaev
  • El hammam
  • Eldari Finewool
  • El'darskaya Tonkorunnaya
  • Engadine Red
  • Ennendale
  • Erbi
  • Erzurum
  • Estonian Blackhead
  • Estonian Whitehead
  • Farah
  • Farahani
  • Farahi
  • Faral
  • Farleton Knott
  • Faroe Island Sheep
  • Fellata
  • Fine Wool Sheep
  • Finnish Landrace
  • Flanders
  • Flandrin
  • Flemish landrace
  • Flemish Marsh
  • Flevoland sheep
  • Florida Native
  • Forystufe
  • Foulbe
  • Fouta Djallon
  • Fouta Toro
  • French Alpine
  • French Blackheaded
  • Friesian Milk
  • Frislandomorfo of Arta
  • Frutigen
  • Fuchsfarbenes Engadinerschaf
  • Fulbe
  • Funj
  • Furlana
  • Futa Jallon
  • Gad
  • Ganadi
  • Garaj
  • Garessina
  • Garfagnina bianca
  • Gargha
  • Garha
  • Garut
  • Gash
  • Gedek
  • Gentile a vello nero
  • Gentille moretta
  • Geoclan
  • Georgia Native
  • Georgian
  • Georgian Semifinewool Fat-Tailed
  • Georgian Thin-Tailed Finewool
  • Gesel
  • Gezel
  • Ghachgai
  • Gharpala
  • Ghezel
  • Ghilzai
  • Gicik
  • Glossa
  • Gobi-Alltai Khoni
  • Goitred
  • Gorki
  • Gornodarvskaya Tonkorunnaya
  • Gornokarpatskie Ovtsi
  • Gorri Tipia
  • Goundoun
  • Grabs
  • Granadina
  • Graubünden
  • Great Pamir Sheep
  • Great Tibetan Sheep
  • Greenland
  • Grignon
  • Grisons
  • Groningen Milk
  • Grozny
  • Gruzinskaya Zhirnokhvostaya Tonkorunnaya
  • Guillaume
  • Guinean
  • Gujarati
  • Gunib
  • Gyzyl-Gojun
  • Habashi
  • Habasi
  • Hagari
  • Hamitic Longtailed
  • Hamyan
  • Han
  • Harri
  • Hausa
  • Herat
  • Herati
  • Heregi
  • Herero
  • Hibsi
  • Hissar
  • Hokonui Merino
  • Horned Cragg
  • Houda
  • Huaccha
  • Hvidhovedet Marsk
  • Ibidi
  • Ibiza
  • Imeritian
  • Imorz
  • Improved Border Leicester
  • Improved Bovec
  • Improved Calabrian
  • Improved Leicester
  • Improved Lucanian
  • Improved Pirot
  • Improved Whiteheaded Mountain
  • Imroz
  • Indian Merino
  • Ingush
  • Iran Thin-Tailed
  • Islenska Saudkindin
  • Issyk Kul Argali
  • Istarska mljecna
  • Istarska Pramenka
  • Istrian
  • Istrian Milk Sheep
  • Istrijanka
  • Jahrani
  • Jaidara
  • Jaisalmer
  • Jangli
  • Jaro
  • Jomoor
  • Joria
  • Jubbulpuri
  • Jura
  • Kababish
  • Kabarda
  • Kabyle
  • Kage
  • Kajlee
  • Kalinin
  • Kalkh Khoni
  • Kalmyk
  • Kamieniec
  • Kangani
  • Kangra Valley
  • Karabach
  • Karabakh
  • Karachai
  • Karadolakh
  • Karakacanska
  • Karandhai
  • Karanogai
  • Karelin's Argali
  • Kargalinskaya Porodnaya Gruppa
  • Kargalinskie Kurdyuchnye Ovtsi
  • Kargihk
  • Karha
  • Karnobatoshumenska
  • Kärntner Brillenschaf
  • Kars
  • Karuvai
  • Kathiawari
  • Kavkazskaya Onkorunnaya
  • Kazakh Corriedale
  • Kazakh Finewool
  • Kazakh Semifinewool
  • Kazakhskaya Kurdyuchnaya
  • Kazil
  • Keezha Karauvai
  • Keezhak
  • Kelantan
  • Kempen Heath
  • Kempisch Heideschaap
  • Keng
  • Kenga
  • Kermani
  • Kesik
  • Kesme
  • Khakass
  • Khazi
  • Khezel
  • Khizel
  • Khorasani
  • Kirdi
  • Kirdimi
  • Kirgiz Fat-Rumped
  • Kirgizskaya Tonkorunnaya
  • Kirma
  • Kiu
  • Kizil
  • Kizil Karaman
  • Klitfår
  • Kolar
  • Koridel poznanski
  • Koundoum
  • Kraska ovca
  • Krasnoyarsk Finewool
  • Krasnyi Samukh
  • Krupnoplodnyi Karakul'
  • Kucharskaya
  • Kuche
  • Kucherskaya
  • Kuchugury
  • Kucovlaska
  • Kucze
  • Kuibyshevskaya
  • Kulunda
  • Kumukh
  • Kumyk
  • Kupreka
  • Kuruba
  • Kurumba
  • Kurumbai
  • Kurumbai Adu
  • Kutchi
  • Kyasma
  • Kypriako pachyouro
  • Kyrgyz Yan Jundi Koy
  • Kyustendil
  • Ladakh Urial
  • Ladkh Urial
  • Lak
  • Lakka
  • Lama
  • Lamochar
  • Landais
  • Landes de Gascogne
  • Langhe
  • Lanka
  • Large Peul
  • Latti
  • Latvian Blackfaced
  • Latvian Darkheaded
  • Latxa
  • Layda
  • Lebrijana
  • Legagora
  • Leicester
  • Leineschaf
  • Lessarkani
  • Lesvos
  • Lezgian
  • Libyan Fat-Tailed
  • Licka Ovca Pramenka
  • Limestone Cragg
  • Liski
  • Liskinskaya Myasosherstnaya lyustrovaya poroda
  • Lithuanian Blackfaced
  • Lithuanian Blackheaded
  • Litovskaya chernogolovaya
  • Loaghtan
  • Long Island
  • Louda
  • Louisiana Native
  • Lowicz
  • Lozère Causses
  • Luan
  • Lumbwa
  • Macarthur Merino
  • Macou
  • Maine à face blanche
  • Maiylambadi
  • Malagasy
  • Malaysian
  • Malgache
  • Mallorcan
  • Manx Lugh Dhoan
  • Manych
  • Manychskaya
  • Marismeña
  • Maritsa Finewool
  • Marri
  • Martunin
  • Marwadi
  • Massina
  • Maure a Poils Ras
  • Mauritiana
  • Mayenne White
  • Mazandarani
  • Mazekh
  • Mecca
  • Medno-Chervena Ovsta
  • Mengali
  • Meraisi
  • Mergelland
  • Merino
  • Merinos a vello
  • Mérinos bourguignon
  • Mérinos de la Bourgogne
  • Mérinos précoce du Châtillonais
  • Mérinos précoce du Soissonais
  • Merkelland
  • Mikhnov
  • Minorcan
  • Mirror Sheep
  • Modenese
  • Mogra
  • Mongol Merino Sheep
  • Mongolian Fat-Tailed
  • Monselesana
  • Moor
  • Moorish
  • Moorit Shetland
  • Morada Nova
  • Moretta
  • Moscia Calabrese
  • Mosuli
  • Mountain Corriedale
  • Mouton Boulonnais
  • Mouton Campinois
  • Mouton Créole
  • Mouton de Montagne a Laine Zoulai
  • Mouton Flamand
  • Mouton Maure a Poil Long
  • Mouton Mirroir
  • Mouton Warale
  • Moutons de l'Oued Souf
  • Mucubais
  • Mugs
  • Muma
  • Murley
  • Myanmar Sheep
  • Mylambadi
  • Mytilene
  • Naeemi
  • Naeini
  • Nagdi
  • Naimi
  • Na'imi
  • Namakwa Afrikaner
  • Namaqua Afrikaner
  • Nar
  • Navajo
  • Navajo Four-Horned
  • Navargade
  • Negrete
  • Neimi
  • Neini
  • New Caucasian
  • New Caucasian Mazaev
  • New Leicester
  • Nizhnedevitsk
  • nNjdiyah
  • Nogai
  • Noir de Thibar
  • Nolinsk
  • Norfolk Horned
  • North Caucasus Mutton-Wool
  • North Holland sheep
  • North Riverine
  • North Western Arid Upper Land Black
  • Northeast
  • North-East Merino Sheep
  • Northern Riverine
  • North-West China Merino
  • Northwestern Chinese Merino
  • Norwegian Pelt Sheep
  • Novocaucasian Merino
  • N-Type Romney
  • Nyasa
  • October Breed Group
  • Oetztaler
  • Ogaden
  • Ojalada Soriana
  • Ojinegra
  • Old Berkshire
  • Old Norfolk
  • Old Scottish Shortwool
  • Old Southdown
  • Olkusz
  • Omsk Semi-Fine Wool
  • Oparino
  • Oparinskie Ovtsi
  • Orenburg Finewool
  • Orhon
  • Oriental Mouflon
  • Orino of Epirus
  • Orkhonskaya
  • Ossetian
  • Ostrogozhsk
  • Otter
  • Oudah
  • Ouled Jellal
  • Ovcepolska Pramenka
  • Ovella Galega
  • Ovella pajesa
  • Oveya Xalda
  • Ovis longipes palaeoaegypticus
  • Ovis Musimon
  • Ovis Orientalis Arkal
  • Ovis Orientalis Gmelin
  • Ovis Orientalis Ophion
  • Ovis Orientalis Vignei
  • Ovis Polii Blyth
  • Owca Gorska
  • Owca Olkuska
  • Owca Siwa
  • Oxford Down
  • Padovana
  • Pag Island
  • Pagan
  • Pagota
  • Pahang
  • Palmera sheep breed
  • Pamir
  • Pamir Argali
  • Parai
  • Parasi
  • Parkanni
  • Parkent Mutton-Wool
  • Paterschaf
  • Peasantry sheep
  • Pechora
  • Pechorskaya Polutonkorunnaya
  • Pecora Abissina
  • Peliguey
  • Pellagonia
  • Pelo de Boi
  • Pelo de Boi de Bahia
  • Pelona
  • Peone
  • Persian Red
  • Persian Thin-Tailed
  • Petit Oranais
  • Peuhl
  • Peul
  • Peulh
  • Peul-Peul
  • Phan Rang Sheep
  • Picardy
  • Pied
  • Pineywoods Sheep
  • Pirlak
  • Plain Type Sheep
  • Plovdiv
  • Plovdiv-Purvomai
  • pol.)
  • Polish Blackheaded Mutton
  • Polish Blackheaded Mutton Synthetic Line
  • Polish Corriedale
  • Polish Heath
  • Polish Longwool
  • Polish Lowland
  • Polish Mountain
  • Polish Whiteheaded Mutton Synthetic Line
  • Polutonkorunnykh Ovets
  • Porakani
  • Poulfouli
  • Pramenka
  • Presceley Mountain
  • Prijevorska
  • Primorska ovca
  • Privorska
  • Purvomai
  • Pustera Gigante
  • Pusterese
  • Pyrénées Centrales à Extrémités Rousses
  • Qezel
  • Qizil
  • Queue Fine de l'Ouest
  • Rabo Gordo
  • Race de Deux
  • Race des Plateaux de l' Est
  • Race des Plateaux de l'Ouest
  • Ramnad Karuvi
  • Ramnad Red
  • Rangeing Sheep
  • Rasciaida
  • Rayole
  • Red African
  • Red Karaman.
  • Red Masai
  • Red-Face Manech
  • Rembi
  • Replenska Ovtsa
  • Reshetilovskaya
  • Rhodesian
  • Rila
  • Rila Monastery
  • Rilokloster
  • Rilskii Monastir
  • Riverine
  • Roaschina
  • Roascia
  • Rocky
  • Roja Levantina
  • Romanian Zackel
  • Romashkovskaya
  • Romashkovski
  • Ronderib Afrikaner
  • Roussillon Red
  • Roussin
  • Roux de Pays
  • Roux du Valais
  • Roya Bilbilitana
  • Rufa'a el Hoi
  • Russian Long-Tailed
  • Russian Longwool
  • Russian Northern Short-Tailed
  • Russian Perseair
  • Rya sheep
  • Rygja Sheep
  • Salamali
  • Sal'skaya
  • Sal'skaya Poroda Tonkorunnykh Ovets
  • Salt Range
  • Sambourou
  • Samur
  • Sangasari
  • Sardinian
  • Sarplaninska Pramenka
  • Schoonebeeker
  • Scimenzana
  • Sciucria
  • Scottish Soft-wool
  • Seeländer Schaf
  • Ségala - Levézou
  • Segezia Triple Cross
  • Serres
  • Setswana
  • Severokavkazskaya Gornaya Porodnaya Gruppa
  • Sevillana
  • Shagra
  • Shanabla
  • Shandong
  • Sha'ra
  • Sheep of Dubrovnik
  • Shekhawati
  • Shemazana
  • Shimenzana
  • Shinwari
  • Shirvan
  • Shkodrane
  • Shugor
  • Shugur
  • Shukria
  • Siberian
  • Sicilian Barbary
  • Sicilo-Sarde
  • Silver Dale
  • Sinkiang Fine-Wool
  • Sinkiang Merino
  • Sin'tszyanskaya
  • Snow Sheep
  • Sohagi
  • Sokolki
  • Somerset Horn
  • Somosierra Blond
  • South Dum
  • South Ural
  • Southern
  • Southern Karaman
  • Southern Sudan
  • Sovetskaya Myaso-Sherstnaya
  • Spæl
  • Spanish Merino
  • Spanish Mongrel
  • Spiegel
  • Sredna Gora
  • Sriednogorska Ovsta
  • St. Croix
  • St. Kilda
  • St.Gironnais
  • Stara Zagora Finewool
  • Starozagorska Ovtsa
  • Stavropol Merino
  • Stavropol'skaya
  • Stavropol'skaya Poroda Tonkorunnykh Ovets
  • Steigar Sheep
  • steinaldersau
  • Steppe Voloshian
  • Stone Sheep
  • Sudanese Maned
  • Sudat
  • Sumavska
  • Sumber Karakul
  • Swartkoppersie
  • Swazi
  • Swedisch Fur
  • Swedish Finewool
  • Swiss Black-Brown Mountain
  • Swiss White Alpine
  • Swiss White Mountain
  • Tabasaran
  • Taiku
  • Tajik
  • Tajik Semicoarsewooled
  • Tanganyika Long-Tailed
  • Tanganyika Short-Tailed
  • Tan-Yang
  • Taraki
  • Taubir
  • Tedesca di Pusteria
  • Telengit
  • Temir
  • Teng-seemai
  • Tenguri or Tonguri
  • Tensina Churra
  • Thai
  • Thoe Mie Shay
  • Thones-Marthod
  • Thrace Finewool
  • Thrace or Thraki
  • Thuvaramchambali
  • Tien Shan
  • Tien Shan Argali
  • Tiflis-Herik
  • Tihami
  • Tilari
  • Tiroler Bergschaf
  • Tlyarota
  • Tongyang
  • Tongzhou
  • Torguut
  • Touabir
  • Touabire ou Ladoum
  • Toulousain
  • Toulouse
  • Transbaikal Finewool
  • Transcaspian Urial
  • Transdon
  • Travnik
  • Trentarka
  • Triruchy Karungurumbai
  • Trunier
  • Trunois
  • Tsigai
  • Tsushka
  • Tunç
  • T'ung
  • Tungchow
  • Tunisien
  • Türkgeldi
  • Turkish Brown
  • Turkmen Fat-rumped
  • Tushin
  • Txisqueta
  • Tyan Shan
  • Uchum
  • Uggowitz
  • Ugogo
  • Uhrusk Sheep
  • Ukrainian Mountain
  • Uri
  • Urin
  • Urner Landschaf
  • Ushant
  • Uzbek
  • Uzemchin Khoni
  • Vadhiyari
  • Vagas
  • Val di Pusteria
  • Vala
  • Valachian
  • Valais Blacknose
  • Valais Red
  • Valasska
  • Valley
  • Van Rooy White Persian
  • Van Rooy-Persie
  • Velay Black
  • Veluwe Heath
  • Vendéen
  • Veredeltes weissköpfiges
  • Vietines siurksciavilnes
  • Vignei Section
  • villsau
  • Vlasicka
  • Vlastcka
  • Volgograd
  • Volosh
  • Voloshskaya
  • Voronezhskaya Voloshskaya
  • Vyatka
  • Vyatskaya Myasosherstnaya
  • Vyatskaya Tonkorunnaya
  • Waila
  • Walachian
  • Wanganella
  • Wanke
  • Wartan Cragg
  • Weiladjo
  • Weisses Bergschaf
  • Weisses Gebirgsschaf
  • Wellega
  • Wensleydale Blueface
  • Wensleydale Longwool
  • Wera
  • West African
  • West African Dwarf
  • West African Maned
  • West Kazakhstan Mutton-Wool
  • West Mongolian Fat-Rumped
  • Western Thrace
  • White Arab
  • White Bororo
  • White Fulani
  • White Maure
  • White Methonian
  • White Virgin Islander
  • Whitefaced Maine
  • Whiteheaded Maine
  • Wielkopolska
  • Wildhaus
  • Wiltshire Horn
  • Woloschian
  • Wooled Northern Riverine
  • Xaxi Ardia
  • Yalag
  • Y'ankasa
  • Yazda
  • Yecheng
  • Yorkshire-Leicester
  • Yugoslav Zackel
  • Zealand Milk / Dutch Milk
  • Zelazna Sheep
  • Zenu
  • Zerasca
  • Zulu

DADIS main name

  • Acipayam
  • Adali
  • Afghan Arabi
  • Afrino
  • Afshari
  • Agnis
  • Agul
  • Ahvenanmaanlammas
  • Ainsi
  • Ait Barka
  • Ait Haddidou
  • Ait Mohad
  • Akele Guzai
  • Akhangaranskaya Myaso-sherstnaya
  • Ak-Karaman
  • Aknoul
  • Aktyubinsk
  • Alai
  • Alcarreña
  • Alfort
  • Algerian Arab
  • Allmogefår
  • Alpagota
  • Alpine
  • Alpines Steinschaf
  • Altaiskaya
  • Altamurana
  • Altay Fat-Rumped
  • American Rambouillet
  • American Tunis
  • Amran Black
  • Amran Grey
  • Anatolian Red
  • Ancient Egyptian
  • Ancon
  • Andiiskaya
  • Anglesey
  • Angola Long-Legged
  • Angola Maned
  • Ansotana
  • Aohan Finewool
  • Appenninica
  • Arabi
  • Aragats
  • Aranesa
  • Arapawa Island
  • Ardes
  • Argali
  • Arkal
  • Arkhar
  • Armenian Red
  • Armenian Semicoarsewool
  • Arrit
  • Artois
  • Arusi-Bale
  • Asaf
  • Asali
  • Ashgur
  • Ashkhabadskaya
  • Askanian
  • Askanian Corriedale
  • Askaniiskaya
  • Assaf
  • Aure-Campan Brigasque
  • Austrian Negretti
  • Avar
  • Avikalin
  • Avivastra
  • Avranchin
  • Azerbaidzhanskaya Myaso-Sherstnaya Porodnaya Gruppa
  • Badana
  • Baghdale
  • Bagnolese
  • Bagri
  • Bahama Native
  • Bahu
  • Baidrag
  • Bakhtiari
  • Bakhtiari-Luri
  • Bakur
  • Balangir
  • Balbas
  • Bali-Bali
  • Balkhi
  • Baltistani
  • Baluba
  • Baluchi
  • Balwen
  • Bama Thoe
  • Bampton Nott
  • Bangladeshi
  • Baraka
  • Barbados Black Belly
  • Barbaresca della campania
  • Barbaresca Siciliana
  • Bardhok
  • Bardoka
  • Barégeois
  • Baruun Mongolin Uutsan Suult
  • Baruwal
  • Bayad
  • Béarnais
  • Beja
  • Belclare
  • Bell Multinippled
  • Bellary
  • Belle Ile
  • Bellunese
  • Belokranjska pramenka
  • Beloslatinska
  • Beltex
  • Beni Ahsen
  • Beni Guil
  • Beni Meskine
  • Bentheimer Landschaf
  • Berari
  • Berbere
  • Bergamasca
  • Bergschaf
  • Berkshire Knot
  • Berne
  • Berrichon de l'Indre
  • Berrichon Du Cher
  • Beulah
  • Bezuidenhout
  • Bhakarwal
  • Bialoglowa Owca Migsma
  • Biangi
  • Bibrik
  • Biellese
  • Bityug
  • Bizet
  • Black Maure
  • Blackhead Persian
  • Blanc Du Massif Central
  • Blauköpfiges Fleischschaf
  • Blauwe Texelaar
  • Bleiburger
  • Blessumer
  • Bleu de Maine
  • Bleu du Maine
  • Bleufaced Leicester
  • Blinkhaar Ronderib Afrikaner
  • BLM
  • Bluefaced Leicester
  • Boischaut
  • Bokino
  • Bonga
  • Bonpala
  • Booroola Leicester
  • Booroola-Schaf
  • Borderdale
  • Boreray
  • Borgotarese
  • Borino
  • Bornu
  • Bororo
  • Boulonnais
  • Boutsiko
  • Bovska ovca
  • Bozakhskaya
  • Braunes Bergschaf
  • Braunköpfiges Fleischschaf
  • Brenne
  • Brentegana
  • Brianzola
  • Brigasque
  • Brogne
  • Broomfield Corriedale
  • Bschlabser
  • Buchi
  • Budiani
  • Bündner Oberländerschaf
  • Bundoran Comeback
  • Buryatskaya
  • Cadorina
  • Cadzow Improver
  • Calhoor
  • California Red
  • California Variegated Mutant
  • Cambrai
  • Cambridge sheep
  • Camden Park
  • Campan
  • Campanica
  • Campbell Island
  • Canadian Arcott
  • Canadian Corriedale
  • Canaria
  • Canaria De Pelo
  • Cannock Chase
  • Carakachanska Ovsta
  • Carapellese
  • Carinthian
  • Carnica
  • Carpathian Mountain
  • Carpetmaster
  • Carranzana
  • Carranzana, variedad Negra
  • Cartera
  • Castellana
  • Castellana, variedad Negra
  • Castillonnais
  • Castlemilk Moorit
  • Caucasian Mountain
  • Cauchois
  • Caussenard de la Lozère
  • Caussenard des Garrigues
  • Caussenard du Lot
  • Chamarita
  • Champagne
  • Changthangi
  • Chapan
  • Charmoise
  • Charollaisschaf
  • Châtillonais
  • Cherkassy
  • Chevlin
  • Chinese Finewool
  • Chinese Karakul
  • Chitinskaya Porodnaya Gruppa
  • Chokla
  • Choletais
  • Cholistani
  • Chotanagpuri
  • Chubuku
  • Chuisk Semifinewool
  • Chuntuk
  • Churra
  • Churra Algarvia
  • Churra Da Terra
  • Churra Lebrijana
  • Churra Tensina
  • Chushka
  • Ciavenasca
  • Cikta
  • Ciktaschaf
  • Cine Capari
  • Cinta
  • Ciuta
  • Cladore
  • Clun Forest
  • Cobb 101
  • Coburger Fuchs
  • Coburger Fuchsschaf
  • Coimbatore
  • Colbred
  • Colmenareña
  • Columbia
  • Columbia-Southdale
  • Comeback
  • Comune
  • Contentin
  • Coolalee
  • Coopworth
  • Copper-Red
  • Corbières
  • Corino
  • Cormo
  • Cormo Argentino
  • Cornella Bianca
  • Cornetta
  • Corse
  • Côtentin
  • Cotswold
  • Créole
  • Creska Ovca
  • Crevant
  • Criolla Mora
  • Criollo
  • Criollo Colombiano
  • Crioulo
  • Crioulo Preto
  • Cuu Phan Rang
  • Cyprus Fat-Tailed
  • Cyprus Mouflon
  • Czarnoglòwka
  • Czarnoglowka Owca Migsna
  • Dagestanskaya Gornaya
  • Dagliç
  • Dakshini
  • dalasau
  • Dalesbred
  • Dall's Sheep
  • Damani
  • Danadara
  • Dansk Landfår
  • Darginskaya
  • Darkhad
  • Dartmoor
  • Darvazskaya
  • Debouillet
  • Deccani
  • Degeresskaya Myasosherstnaya
  • Delle Langhe
  • Derbyshire Gritstone
  • Deslanado
  • Deutsche Schwarzkopf
  • Devon & Cornwall Longwool
  • Devon and Cornwall Longwool
  • Devon Closewool
  • Devon Longwoolled
  • Dhamari
  • Dhamda
  • Di Corniglio
  • Di Corteno
  • DLS
  • D'Man
  • Dormer
  • Dorset Down
  • Dorset Horn
  • Doukkala
  • Drentse Heideschaap
  • Drysdale
  • Dubasi
  • Dubrovacka
  • Dumbi
  • Duzbai
  • Dymykh
  • Dzhaidara
  • Dzharo
  • East African Blackheaded
  • East Mongolian Semi-Fine Wool
  • Edil'Baevskaya
  • Eesti tumedapealine
  • Eesti valgepealine
  • Elliotdale
  • Engadiner Fuchsschaf
  • Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse
  • Erek
  • Erik
  • Ethiopian
  • Exmoor Horn
  • Fabrianese
  • Færøsk får
  • Fagas
  • Fellahi
  • Finarda
  • Finnsheep
  • Finse Landschaap
  • Finulds får
  • Flamand
  • Flevolander
  • Florina
  • Frabosana
  • Franconie
  • Französisches Alpenschaf
  • Fries Melkschaap
  • Friulana
  • Frizarta
  • Fulani
  • Gaddi
  • Gadik
  • Gala
  • Galega Bragancana e Mirandesa
  • Gallega
  • Galway
  • Ganjam
  • Gansu Alpine Finewool
  • Garfagnina White
  • Garole
  • Gascon
  • Gemsfarbige Gebirgsziege
  • Gentila di Lucania
  • Gentile di Calabria
  • Georgian Fat-Tailed Finewool
  • Geschecktes Bergschaf
  • Ghiljai
  • Ghimi
  • Gissarskaya
  • Glen Vale
  • Gobi-Altai
  • Godavari
  • Gojal
  • Gökçeada
  • Golemi
  • Gor'kovskaya
  • Gornoaltaiskaya Porodnaya Gruppa
  • Gornodarvazskaya Myasosherstnaya Porodnaya Gruppa
  • Gotland
  • Gotland Pelsschaap
  • Graue Gehörnte Heidschnucke
  • Grey Shirazi
  • Greyface Dartmoor
  • Grivette
  • Gromark
  • Groningse melkschaap
  • Gronlandsk fär
  • Groznenskaya
  • Gruzinskaya Polutonkorunnaya Zhirnokhvostaya
  • Guadelupe
  • Guangling Large-Tail
  • Guirra
  • Gulf Coast Native
  • Guligas
  • Güney Karaman
  • Gunibskaya
  • Gurez
  • Gurktaler
  • Habsi
  • Halkali
  • Hallenjoo
  • Hamdani
  • Hampshire
  • Hampshire Down
  • Hamra
  • Han-yang
  • Harcha
  • Harnai
  • Hashtnagri
  • Hassan
  • Havasi
  • Hawaiian Black Buck
  • Hazaragie
  • Hebridean
  • Hebridean of St. Kilda
  • Hedefår
  • Heidschnucke
  • Hejari
  • Hejazi
  • Hemsin
  • Herdwick
  • Herik
  • Herki
  • Hetian
  • Hill Radnor
  • Hissardale
  • Hog Island
  • Hokonui
  • Horro
  • Hottentot
  • Houtlandschaap
  • Hyfer
  • Ibeidi
  • Ibicenca
  • Icelandic
  • Icelandic Leader sheep
  • Icelandic Sheep
  • Imeretinskaya
  • Imperial
  • Improved Mongolian
  • Infantado
  • Inner Mongolian Finewool
  • Inra 401
  • Iomud
  • Iraq Kurdi
  • Islandske får
  • Istarska Ovca
  • Istriana
  • Istrska pramenka
  • Jacob
  • Jacob/Racka
  • Jaffna
  • Jaisalmeri
  • J-AKI-1
  • J-AKI-2
  • Jakobschaf
  • Jalauni
  • Jargalant
  • Jezersko-solcavska ovca
  • Jinzhong
  • Jumli
  • Junin
  • Juraschaf
  • Kachhi
  • Kae
  • Kaghani
  • Kagi
  • Kail
  • Kajli
  • Kali
  • Kalininskaya
  • Kallakui
  • Kalmytskaya
  • Kamakuyruk
  • Kambar
  • Kameroen
  • Kamerun Schaf
  • Kamieniecka
  • Kanaltaler
  • Kandahari
  • Kangal
  • Karabakhskaya
  • Karacabey-Kivircik
  • Karachaevskaya
  • Karachai Mountain Mutton-Wool
  • Karadolakhskaya
  • Karagouniko
  • Karakaçan
  • Karakas
  • Karanogaiskaya
  • Karayaka
  • Kargalin Fat-Rumped
  • Karnah
  • Karnowka
  • Kartner Brilschafe
  • Kashmir Valley
  • Katahdin
  • Kavkazskaya
  • Kazakh Fat-Rumped
  • Kazakhskaya Korridel'
  • Kazakhskaya Polutonkorunnaya Porodnaya Gruppa
  • Kazakhskaya Tonkorunnaya
  • Keerie
  • Kefallinias
  • Kempens Schaap
  • Kempense Heideschaap
  • Kenguri
  • Kenian Samburu
  • Kerry Hill
  • Khakasskaya
  • Khamseh
  • Khangai
  • Khangaiskaya
  • Khetrani
  • Khijloo
  • Khorasan Kurdi
  • Kilakarsal
  • Kipsigis
  • Kirgiz Finewool
  • Kirgizskaya Kurdyuchnaya
  • Kivircik
  • Kohai Ghizer
  • Kooka
  • Krainer Steinschaf
  • Krasnoyarskaya Tonkorunnaya
  • Krukowka
  • Krupnaya Zadonskaya
  • K'u-ch'e
  • Kuchugurovskaya
  • Kugi
  • Kuibyshev
  • Kulundinskaya
  • Kumykskaya
  • Kupreska
  • Kurassi
  • Kusman
  • Kyas'ma
  • Kymi
  • Kyustendilska
  • Lacha
  • Laguna
  • Lakens Kuddeschaap
  • Lakskaya
  • Lamkanni
  • Lamon
  • Lampuchhre
  • Landaise
  • Landes de Bretagne
  • Landim
  • Lanzhou Large-Tail
  • Large Karakul
  • Large Tailed Han
  • Larzac
  • Lati
  • Latvijas tumðgalves
  • Lauraguais
  • Leccese
  • Leicester Longwool
  • Leine
  • Leineschaf ursprünglicher Typ
  • Lezginskaya
  • Libyan Barbary
  • Lietuvos Juodgalves
  • Lika
  • Limestone
  • Limousin
  • Linchuan Semifinewool
  • Liskinskaya
  • Livo
  • Llandovery Hill
  • Llanwenog
  • Lleyn
  • Locale
  • Lohi
  • Lohia
  • Lomond Half-Bred
  • Long Tail
  • Longmynd
  • Lonk
  • Lourdaise
  • Lucero
  • Luo
  • Luri
  • Macina
  • Madagascar
  • Madras Red
  • Maellana
  • Magra
  • Maigaiti Large Tailed
  • Maine à tête blanche
  • Makui
  • Malawi
  • Malian Samburu
  • Malich
  • Malin
  • Mallorquina
  • Malpura
  • Maltese sheep
  • Manchega
  • Manchega, variedad Negra
  • Mandya
  • Manech Tête Noire
  • Manech Tête Rousse
  • Manx Loghtan
  • Manx Loughtan
  • Marchois
  • Marco Polo's Sheep
  • Mareb White
  • Maremmana
  • Marmoucha
  • Marrane
  • Marsh
  • Marshka Ovtsa
  • Martuninskaya
  • Marwari
  • Masai
  • Massese
  • Matesina
  • Mazekhskaya
  • Meatlinc
  • Meatmaster
  • Mecheri
  • Mehraban
  • Mennonite
  • Menorquina
  • Menz
  • Mergelland Schaap
  • Merilin
  • Merina
  • Merina, variedad Negra
  • Michni
  • Mikhnovskaya
  • Minnesota 100
  • Minnesota 101
  • Minnesota 102
  • Minnesota 104
  • Minnesota 105
  • Minnesota 106
  • Minnesota 107
  • Minusinsk
  • Min-Xian Black Fur
  • Moghani
  • Mohaka
  • Mondegueira
  • Mondombes
  • Mongalla
  • Mongolian
  • Monta Khia
  • Montadale
  • Montesina
  • Morfe Common
  • Mor-Karaman
  • Morlam
  • Morvandelle
  • Mossi
  • Mouflon
  • Mourerous
  • Mouton Laitier Belge
  • Moutons à tte noire
  • Multinipple
  • Munjal
  • Murle
  • Muzaffarnagri
  • Mytilini
  • Najdi
  • Nali
  • Nandi
  • Native Coarsewooled
  • Navajo-Churro
  • Navarra
  • Negretti
  • Ne'imi
  • Newfoundland
  • Nguni
  • Nigerian Dwarf
  • Nilgiri
  • Nizhnedevitskaya
  • Nobile di Badia
  • Noir du Velay
  • Noire du Maine
  • Nolana
  • Nolinskaya
  • Noordhollander
  • Norfolk Horn
  • norsk pelssau
  • Norsk Spaelsau
  • North Caucasus Semi-Fine Wool
  • North Nigerian Fulani
  • North Ossetian Semi-Fine Wool
  • North Ronaldsay
  • North Ronaldsey
  • North Star Minnesota 103
  • North-East China Finewool
  • Nostrana
  • No-Tail
  • Noventana
  • Novokavkazskii Merinos
  • Nungua Blackhead
  • Ödemis
  • Ojalada
  • Ojinegra de Teruel
  • Oktyabrskaya Porodnaya Gruppa
  • Oldenburg
  • Olkuska
  • Omani
  • Omskaya Myaso-Sherstnaya Polutonkorunnaya Porodnaya Gruppa
  • Oparinskaya
  • Oplemenjena bovska ovca
  • Oplemenjena jezersko-solcavska ovca
  • Oplemenjena Pirotska
  • Orenburgskaya Tonkorunnaya Porodnaya Gruppa
  • Orkhon
  • Ossimi
  • Ostfriesisches Milchschaf
  • Ostrogozhskaya Porodnaya Gruppa
  • Ötztaler
  • Ouessant
  • Outaouais Arcott
  • Owca lowicka
  • Oxforddown
  • Paduan
  • Pagliarola
  • Pahari
  • Palmera
  • Pamir Finewool
  • Pamirskaya
  • Pampara
  • Panagyurishte
  • Panama
  • Panjsher Gadik
  • Parkentskaya Myaso-Sherstnaya
  • Paska Ovca
  • Patanwadi
  • Paular
  • Pavullese
  • Pechorskaya Porodnaya Gruppa
  • Pedi
  • Pelibuey
  • Pembroke Hill
  • Peppin
  • Perales
  • Perendale
  • Permer
  • Petite Manech
  • Petzen
  • Picard
  • Pink-nosed Somerset
  • Pinzirita
  • Pirotska
  • Pitt Island
  • Pivska
  • Pleven Blackhead
  • Plovdivsko-P'rvomaiska
  • Polled Rambouillet
  • Polska Owca Gorska
  • Polski Korideil
  • Polskie Owce Dlugowelniste
  • Polskie Owce Nizinne
  • Polypay
  • Pomarancina
  • Pomorska
  • Poonchi
  • Portland
  • Pramenka, Karakacanska
  • Pramenka, Ovce Polian
  • Pramenka, Sharplanian
  • Préalpes du Sud
  • Priangan
  • Privor
  • Prolific
  • Prostaya derevenskaya dlinno-toshchekhvostaya
  • Pugal
  • Pyrny
  • Qashqai
  • Qinghai Black Tibetan
  • Qinghai Semi-Finewool
  • Quadrella
  • Quessant-Schaf
  • Rabo Largo
  • Radmani
  • Radska
  • Rahmani
  • Raimbi
  • Raiole
  • Rakhshani
  • Ramboullet
  • Ramliç
  • Ramnad White
  • Rampur Bushair
  • Rasa Aragonesa
  • Rashaidi
  • Rauhwolliges Pommersches Landschaf
  • Rava
  • Razza di Garessio
  • Red Karaman
  • Red Sheep
  • Rehamna-Sraghna
  • Replenska
  • Reshetilovka
  • Rhiw Hill
  • Rhönschaf
  • Rideau Arcott
  • Rijnlam
  • Rilomonastirska
  • Ripollesa
  • Rodrigaise
  • Roja Africana
  • Roja Bilbilitana
  • Roja Mallorquina
  • Romanoff
  • Romeldale
  • Romnelet
  • Romsdown
  • Ronderib Africander
  • Rosset
  • Rouge De L'ouest
  • Rouge de Roussillon
  • Rouge Du Roussillon
  • Rough Fell
  • Roussin De La Hague
  • Roux-De-Bagnes
  • Rubia del Molar
  • Rude
  • Russkaya Dlinnosherstnaya
  • Ruthenois
  • Ryafår
  • Ryeland
  • Ryggja
  • Rygja
  • Saane
  • Sabi
  • Saidi
  • Saloia
  • Salsk
  • Saltasassi
  • Sambucana
  • Samhoor
  • Sampeierina
  • Sana'a White
  • Sanabawi
  • Sangesari
  • Sanjabi
  • Sanjiang
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santa Ines
  • Saradzhinskaya
  • Sarakatsaniko
  • Sarda
  • Sardarsamand
  • Sardi
  • Sarplanisnka
  • Sartuul
  • Sary-Ja
  • Sasi Ardi
  • Savoiarda
  • Schoonebeeker Heideschaap
  • Schwarzbraunes Bergschaf
  • Schwarzköpfiges Fleischschaf
  • Schwyz
  • Sciara
  • Scottish Blackface
  • Seeländer
  • Ségala
  • Segureña
  • Serra da Estrela
  • Serrai
  • Severnaya korotkokhvostaya
  • Severokavkazskaya Myaso- Sherstnaya
  • Sfakia
  • Shafali
  • Shahabadi
  • Shal
  • Shapo
  • Shetland
  • Shirazi
  • Shirvanskaya
  • Shkodra
  • Shouyang
  • Shropshire
  • Shropshireschaf
  • Sibirskaya
  • Sidi Tabet Cross
  • Simmental
  • Sipli
  • Siromeat
  • Skopelos
  • Skudde
  • Small Tailed Han
  • Soay
  • Soay Schaf
  • Socotra
  • Soissonais
  • Sokol'skaya
  • Solognot
  • Solognote
  • Solothurn
  • Somali
  • Somali Arab
  • Somali Brasileiro
  • Sonadi
  • Sopravissana
  • Souss
  • South Bulgarian Finewool
  • South Devon
  • South Down
  • South Hampshire
  • South Moroccan
  • South Sudanese
  • South Wales Mountain
  • Southam Nott
  • Southdale
  • Soviet Mutton-Wool
  • spælsau
  • Spel
  • Spelsau
  • Spiegelschaf
  • St. Quentin
  • Stara Zagora
  • Stavropol
  • Steekhaar
  • steigar
  • Steiner
  • Steinschaf
  • Stone's Sheep
  • Sudan Desert
  • Sudan Desert, Aral
  • Sumava
  • Sumber
  • Sur
  • Sussex
  • Sussex Merino
  • Svanka
  • Svenskt finullsfår
  • Swaledale
  • Swifter
  • Swiniarka
  • Tabasaranskaya
  • Tacola
  • Tadla
  • Tadmit
  • Tadzhikskaya
  • Tahîrova
  • Taiz Red
  • Talaverana
  • Talin Tsagaan
  • Tan
  • Tanface
  • Tanzania Long-Tailed
  • Tarasconnais
  • Targhee
  • Tarhumara
  • Tarset
  • Tavetscher Schaf
  • Teeswater
  • Tekin
  • Telengitskaya
  • Telingana
  • Temirskaya
  • Thalee
  • Thibar
  • Thones et Marthod
  • Thraki
  • Thribble Cross
  • Tibetan
  • Tibetan-Plateau Type
  • Tibetan-Sanjiang Type
  • Tibetan-Shangu Type
  • Tibetan-Tengchong Type
  • Tibetan-Yarlong Zanbu Type
  • Tihama
  • Timhadite
  • Tirahi
  • Tiroler Steinschaf
  • Tiruchy Black
  • Tlyarotinskaya
  • Tom-Tom
  • Tong
  • Tonkorunnaya Toshchekhvostaya Ovtsa Gruzii
  • Toposa
  • Torddu
  • Torguud
  • Toronke
  • Touabire
  • Tounfite
  • Tousint
  • Trangie Fertility
  • Trimeticcia di Segezia
  • Trun
  • Tswana
  • Tucur
  • Tudelana
  • Tuj
  • Tukidale
  • Tunisian Barbarin
  • Tunisian Milk Sheep
  • Turcana
  • Turchessa
  • Türkgelo
  • Turki
  • Turkmenskaya kurdyuchnaya
  • Tushinskaya
  • Tuva
  • Tyanshanskaya
  • Tyrol Mountain
  • Uchumskaya
  • Uda
  • Uhruska
  • Ujumqin
  • Ukrainskaya Gornaya Porodnaya Gruppa
  • Urbascia
  • Urial
  • Uruguayan Criollo
  • utegangarsau
  • Uzbek Mutton-Wool
  • Uzemchin
  • Valakhskaya
  • Van Rooy
  • Vandor
  • Varesina
  • Veluwse Heideschaap
  • Vembur
  • Vendeen
  • Venezuelan Criollo
  • Virgin Island White
  • Vissana
  • Vlaams Kuddeschaap
  • Vlaams Schaap
  • Vlaams schaap, Vlaming
  • Vlahiko
  • Vlasic
  • Vogan
  • Volgogradskaya
  • Volokolamsk
  • Voskop
  • Vyatskaya
  • Wakhan Gadik
  • Walachenschaf
  • Waldschaf
  • Wallische Schwarznase
  • Walliser Landschaf
  • Walliser Schwarznasenschaf
  • Warale
  • Warhill
  • Waridale
  • Watish
  • Waziri
  • Weiße gehörnte Heidschnucke
  • Weiße hornlose Heidschnucke
  • Weißes Alpenschaf
  • Weißköpfiges Fleischschaf
  • Welsh Half-Bred
  • Welsh Hill Speckled Face
  • Welsh Mountain
  • Welsh Mule
  • Welsh Tanface
  • Wensleydale
  • White Karaman
  • White Wooled Mountain
  • Whiteface Dartmoor
  • Whitefaced Woodland
  • Willamette
  • Wiltiper
  • Wiltshire
  • Woila
  • Wooled Persian
  • Wrzosowka
  • Xalda
  • Xinjiang Finewool
  • Xisqueta
  • Yankasa
  • Yarlung Zangbo
  • Yemen White
  • Yeroo
  • Yorkshire Halfbreed
  • Yuzhnoural'skaya
  • Zabaikal'skaya Tonkorunnaya
  • Zaghawa
  • Zagoria
  • Zaian
  • Zaire Long-Legged
  • Zakynthos
  • Zandi
  • Zaobei Large Tail
  • Zapadnokazakhstanskaya Myasosherstnaya
  • Zeeuws Melkschaap
  • Zel
  • Zelaznienska
  • Zemmour
  • Zemrane
  • Zenith
  • Zillertal
  • Zosl'achtenà Valaska
  • Zoulay
  • Zucca Modenese
  • Zunu
  • Zuslechtenà Valaskà
  • Zwartbles
  • Zwartbles-Schaf

Summary of Invasiveness

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Ovis aries (sheep) are an ungulate mammal believed to have originated in Europe. While humans have domesticated the majority of sheep, feral populations exist. These populations are causing impacts on the native diversity of plant species, especially on islands. The impact their grazing has on vegetation is known to cause declines in rare and endangered bird species and other native ungulate species..

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Chordata
  •             Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •                 Class: Mammalia
  •                     Order: Artiodactyla
  •                         Suborder: Ruminantia
  •                             Family: Bovidae
  •                                 Genus: Ovis
  •                                     Species: Ovis aries

Description

Top of page There exist over 200 distinct breeds of sheep Ovis aries. The breeds differ in their physical characteristics. Female sheep tend to be smaller than males by a quarter to one third of male size- head and body lenght 1,200-1,800mm and shoulder height 650-1,270mm. O. aries have a vertical cleft and narrow snout completely covered with short hair except on the margins of the nostrils and lips. Wild O. aries have tails between 70-150mm but in domestic O. aries tails may be larger and used as a fat reserve, although these long tails are removed on most commercial farms. The skulls of domesticated O. aries differ from those of wild sheep in that the eye socket and brain case are reduced. The genus Ovis is characterized by the presence of glands situated in a shallow depression in the lacrimal bone, the groin area, and between the two main toes of the foot. These glands secrete a clear semi-fluid substance that gives domestic O. aries their characteristic smell. Selection for economically important traits has produced domestic O. aries with or without wool, horns and external ears. Colouration ranges from milky white to dark brown and black (Reavill, 2000).

Distribution

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Native range: It is believed that sheep (Ovis aries) originated in Europe (Welsh, 2002).
Known introduced range: Sheep have been introduced and domesticated around the world.

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

ChinaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-BeijingPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-GansuPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-GuizhouPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-LiaoningPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-Nei MengguPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-QinghaiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-TibetPresentIntroduced Invasive ISSG, 2011
-XinjiangPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
IndiaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-Andhra PradeshPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-HaryanaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-Himachal PradeshPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-Jammu and KashmirPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-KarnatakaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-OdishaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-RajasthanPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-Tamil NaduPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-TripuraPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-Uttar PradeshPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
IndonesiaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
IranPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
IraqPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
IsraelPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
JapanPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
JordanPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
KuwaitPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
MalaysiaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Middle EastPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
MongoliaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
NepalPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
PakistanPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
PhilippinesPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Saudi ArabiaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
SyriaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
ThailandPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
TurkeyPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
UzbekistanPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001

Africa

BeninPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BotswanaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Burkina FasoPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
CameroonPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Congo Democratic RepublicPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Côte d'IvoirePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EgyptPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EthiopiaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
GambiaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
GhanaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
GuineaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
KenyaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
LibyaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
MalawiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
MaliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
MauritaniaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
MoroccoPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
NamibiaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
NigerPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
NigeriaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Saint HelenaPresentIntroducedPossibly 1617, certainly by 1659ISSG, 2011
-AscensionPresentIntroduced Invasive ISSG, 2011
SenegalPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
SomaliaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
South AfricaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
SudanPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
TanzaniaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
TogoPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
UgandaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001

North America

CanadaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
MexicoPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
USAPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-AlabamaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-CaliforniaRestricted distributionIntroduced Invasive ISSG, 2011
-HawaiiPresentIntroduced1778 Invasive ISSG, 2011
-IdahoPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-LouisianaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-MontanaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001

Central America and Caribbean

British Virgin IslandsPresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
CaribbeanPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
CubaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
French West IndiesPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
GuadeloupePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
HaitiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
MartiniquePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Saint LuciaPresentIntroduced Invasive Daltry, 2009Invasive on Dennery Island; impacts on vegetation and animal habitat

South America

ArgentinaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BoliviaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BrazilPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-BahiaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-CearaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-ParanaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-PernambucoPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-Rio Grande do SulPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-Santa CatarinaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-Sao PauloPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
ChilePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Falkland IslandsPresentIntroduced~1840ISSG, 2011
PeruPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
SurinamePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
UruguayPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VenezuelaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001

Europe

AustriaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BulgariaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
CroatiaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
CyprusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Czech RepublicPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
DenmarkPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
FinlandPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
FrancePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
GermanyPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
GreecePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
HungaryPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
IcelandPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
IrelandPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
ItalyPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-SardiniaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
MaltaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
NetherlandsPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
NorwayPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
PolandPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
PortugalPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-MadeiraPresent Invasive ISSG, 2011
RomaniaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
SlovakiaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
SpainPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
SwedenPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
SwitzerlandPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
UKPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-ScotlandPresentIntroduced Invasive ISSG, 2011
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001

Oceania

AustraliaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-New South WalesPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-VictoriaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
-Western AustraliaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
French PolynesiaPresentIntroduced Invasive ISSG, 2011
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesPresentIntroduced1952 Invasive ISSG, 2011
New ZealandPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Papua New GuineaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001

Habitat

Top of page

Sheep (Ovis aries) are extremely versatile and exist in a wide variety of habitats worldwide ranging from temperate mountain forests to desert conditions (Grzimek 1990, MacDonald 1984 in Reavill, 2000).

Habitat List

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CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial-managed
Cultivated / agricultural land Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Disturbed areas Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Managed forests, plantations and orchards Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Terrestrial-natural/semi-natural
Deserts Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Natural forests Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Natural grasslands Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Scrub / shrublands Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)

Biology and Ecology

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Nutrition
Sheep (Ovis aries) are extremely hardy animals and can survive on a diet consisting of only cellulose, starch or sugars as an energy source and a nitrogen source which need not be protein. In general, O. aries feed mainly on grasses while in pastures and can be fed a wide variety of hays and oats. Considerable research has been done on sheep nutritional requirements, and feed substitution tables are present in Ensminger's 1965 "The Stockman's Handbook". Grazing O. aries ingest a large amount of food in a short time, then retire to rest and rechew the ingested matter. O. aries spend their day alternating between these periods of grazing and ruminating. O. aries has a large and complex stomach which is able to digest highly fibrous foods that can not be digested by many other animals. Its modest nutritional requirements contribute to its economic significance.(Hecker 1983, Ensminger 1965 in Reavill 2000).

Reproduction
Sheep (Ovis aries) breeds on a seasonal basis, determined by day length, with females (ewes) first becoming fertile in the early fall and remaining fertile through midwinter. Estrus cycles range between 14 and 20 days with 17 as the average. Females are in heat on average for 30 hours. Males (rams) are fertile year round and most domestic sheep breeders use 1 ram to 25 to 35 ewes. Gestation averages 148 days with most lambs born in mid spring. One or two lambs, which are able to stand and suckle within a few minutes of birth, are born to each ewe. Both male and female lambs reach sexual maturity within one year. (Ensminger 1965 in Reavill 2000).

Réale et al. (2000) states that, "Although humans have modified the rutting and lambing seasons of O. aries, some feral populations show highly synchronized estrus and lambing periods that relate to latitude (Jewell 1989 ). These herds were assumed to have recovered that synchrony because of the high adaptive value of spring lambing."

    Means of Movement and Dispersal

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    Acclimatisation societies: The Rare Breeds Conservation Society of New Zealand (2003) states that, "New Zealand has no native wild land mammals but with the advent of European settlement a steady stream of animals was introduced, starting with Cook's visits in the 1770s and continuing until this day. Many were deliberately released into the wild, but a number of species of domestic livestock also escaped into the more inaccessible country, particularly in the earlier days of farming when good fencing was not widespread."

    Pathway Causes

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    CauseNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
    Acclimatization societies Yes

    Impact Summary

    Top of page
    CategoryImpact
    Native fauna Negative
    Native flora Negative

    Impact

    Top of page

    Establishment of feral herbivores like sheep (Ovis aries) have had significant ecological impacts on island ecosystems. Island ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to herbivores as insular plants in these ecosystems evolved largely in the absence of large herbivores, therefore lacking in defences against them. Increased bare ground followed by increased erosion are some of the other impacts (Van Vuren and Coblentz, 1987). Van Vuren and Coblentz (1987) in their study on the ecological effects of feral sheep on Santa Cruz Island, California observe that feral sheep are forage generalists when compared to domestic sheep on mainland. Feral sheep diet include annual grasses, forbs and also a substantial quantity of shrubs. The authors summarise the ecological impacts of feral sheep: consumption of endemic species by feral sheep could potentially cause decline in their population levels; loss of vegetation due to trampling while grazing; compaction of the soil and therefore changes in the soil structure; soil erosion due to removal of vegetration and denudation of the soil; removal of hebaceous vegetation caused changes in the grassland community, reduction of litter and a decline in the recruitment of seedlings. Alteration in the plant community led to decrease in species diversity.

    Grazing and browzing of herbaceous vegetation, and stripping of bark by feral sheep and other introduced mammals (cattle (Bos taurus), Mouflon sheep (Ovis musimon), and feral goats (Capra hircus)) have led to exposure of soil to erosion and degradation of forests on Mauna Kea (Scowcraft and Sakai 1983). Welsh (2002) adds that, "O. aries are extensive and destructive herbivores. They have been found to decrease populations of the mamane (Sophora chrysophylla), an endemic leguminous tree, by stripping the bark off thus facilitating damage from insects and and other disease causing organisms". Results of a study (Scowcroft and Giffen 1983) which evaluated the regeneration of vegetation and forests inside and outside sheep exclosures located in heavily browsed portions of the mamane forest of Mauna Kea, indicated feral sheep browsing suppresses regeneration of mamane and three other endemic species, Hawai‘ian bent, heu-pueo, and aheahea.

    Liu and Jiang (2004) report that, "The most important food competitor of the critically endangered Przewalski's gazelle (see Procapra przewalskii in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species) is the domestic Tibetan sheep (O. aries) in the steppe and deserts around Qinghai Lake on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau." Kirby et al. (2004) state that, "The sheep tick Ixodes ricinus (L.) is an ectoparasite of major economic and pathogenic importance in Scotland. Its distribution in the Scottish uplands is assumed to be governed by the abundance and distribution of its definitive hosts (deer and O. aries) and climatic variables such as temperature and rainfall.

    Threatened Species

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    Threatened SpeciesConservation StatusWhere ThreatenedMechanismReferencesNotes
    Procapra przewalskii (Przewalski's gazelle)EN (IUCN red list: Endangered) EN (IUCN red list: Endangered)Competition - monopolizing resourcesISSG, 2011
    Sophora chrysophylla (mamane)No details No detailsHerbivory/grazing/browsingISSG, 2011
    Adelocosa anops (Kauai cave wolf spider)EN (IUCN red list: Endangered) EN (IUCN red list: Endangered); USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2006a
    Astragalus montii (heliotrope milk-vetch)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA listing as threatened species USA ESA listing as threatened speciesUtahHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1995a
    Brodiaea filifolia (thread-Leaved brodiaea)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA listing as threatened species USA ESA listing as threatened speciesCaliforniaHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009b
    Carex specuicola (Navajo sedge)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA listing as threatened species USA ESA listing as threatened speciesArizona; UtahHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1985
    Chrysodracon hawaiiensis (hala pepe)EN (IUCN red list: Endangered) EN (IUCN red list: Endangered); USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1998
    Dudleya nesiotica (Santa Cruz Island dudleya)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA listing as threatened species USA ESA listing as threatened speciesCaliforniaHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009c
    Festuca hawaiiensis (Hawai'i fescue)USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiEcosystem change / habitat alteration; Herbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2015
    Helianthemum greenei (island rush-rose)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA listing as threatened species USA ESA listing as threatened speciesCaliforniaHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010a
    Hesperidanthus argillaceusUSA ESA listing as threatened species USA ESA listing as threatened speciesUtahHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1992
    Ivesia webberi (Webber's ivesia)USA ESA listing as threatened species USA ESA listing as threatened speciesCalifornia; NevadaHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014a
    Lupinus nipomensis (Nipomo Mesa lupine)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesCaliforniaHerbivory/grazing/browsingD’Antonio and Vitousek, 1992; Bossard et al., 2000; US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009d
    Ovis canadensis sierrae (Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep)USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesCaliforniaPest and disease transmissionUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008d
    Penstemon grahamii (Graham's beardtongue)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA species proposed for listing USA ESA species proposed for listingColorado; UtahHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2005
    Penstemon scariosus var. albifluvis (White River beardtongue)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA species proposed for listing USA ESA species proposed for listingColorado; UtahHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2012a
    Phacelia argillacea (clay phacelia)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesUtahHerbivory/grazing/browsingNatureServe, 2011
    Phacelia insularis var. insularis (island phacelia)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesCaliforniaEcosystem change / habitat alterationUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008b
    Phyllostegia glabra var. lanaiensis (ulihi phyllostegia)USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiEcosystem change / habitat alteration; Herbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1995b
    Phyllostegia parviflora (smallflower phyllostegia)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiEcosystem change / habitat alteration; Herbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008c
    Phyllostegia velutina (velvet phyllostegia)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1998
    Plantago hawaiensis (Hawai'i plantain)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1996
    Portulaca sclerocarpaEN (IUCN red list: Endangered) EN (IUCN red list: Endangered); USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1996
    Pritchardia remota (Remota loula palm)EN (IUCN red list: Endangered) EN (IUCN red list: Endangered); USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011a
    Pterodroma sandwichensisVU (IUCN red list: Vulnerable) VU (IUCN red list: Vulnerable)HawaiiHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011b
    Ranunculus acriformis var. aestivalis (autumn buttercup)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesUtahHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1991
    Ranunculus hawaiensis (Hawai'ian buttercup)NatureServe NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiEcosystem change / habitat alteration; Herbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014b
    Santalum freycinetianum var. lanaienseNo DetailsHawaiiHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011c
    Sclerocactus brevispinusCR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered) CR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered); USA ESA listing as threatened species USA ESA listing as threatened speciesUtahHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010b
    Sclerocactus wetlandicusUSA ESA listing as threatened species USA ESA listing as threatened speciesUtahHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010c
    Sibara filifolia (Santra Cruz Island Rockcress)USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesCaliforniaHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2006b
    Silene hawaiiensis (Hawaii catchfly)USA ESA listing as threatened species USA ESA listing as threatened speciesHawaiiHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1996
    Solanum incompletumCR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered) CR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered); USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiEcosystem change / habitat alterationUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008a
    Streptanthus bracteatus (bracted twistflower)USA ESA species proposed for listing USA ESA species proposed for listingTexasHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014c
    Synthliboramphus hypoleucus (Xantus' murrelet)EN (IUCN red list: Endangered) EN (IUCN red list: Endangered)Canada; ; California; OregonEcosystem change / habitat alterationUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2012b
    Tetramolopium arenarium (Maui tetramolopium)USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1996
    Tetramolopium remyi (Awalua Ridge tetramolopium)USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1995b
    Thysanocarpus conchuliferus (Santa Cruz Island fringepod)USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesCaliforniaHerbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009e
    Urocyon littoralis catalinae (Santa Catalina Island fox)USA ESA listing as threatened species USA ESA listing as threatened speciesCaliforniaEcosystem change / habitat alterationUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2004
    Vicia menziesii (Hawaiian vetch)CR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered) CR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered); USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiEcosystem change / habitat alteration; Herbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1984
    Viola lanaiensis (Hawaii violet)USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiEcosystem change / habitat alteration; Herbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1995b
    Zanthoxylum dipetalum var. tomentosumCR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered) CR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered); USA ESA listing as endangered species USA ESA listing as endangered speciesHawaiiEcosystem change / habitat alteration; Herbivory/grazing/browsingUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009a

    Risk and Impact Factors

    Top of page Impact outcomes
    • Ecosystem change/ habitat alteration
    • Threat to/ loss of endangered species
    • Threat to/ loss of native species
    Impact mechanisms
    • Competition - monopolizing resources
    • Pest and disease transmission
    • Herbivory/grazing/browsing

    Uses

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    Reavill (2000) observes that, "Sheep (Ovis aries) is one of the most economically significant species on the planet. Since their domestication between 9000 and 11000 years ago they have been a source of meat, milk, wool and hides in nearly every country. In some cultures O. aries are considered highly useful as a sacrificial animal. The versatility of the species contributes to its economic significance as large herds of animals can be maintained in many environments at relatively low costs. Besides their usefulness in an agricultural sense, O. aries have become important as a tool for scientific research. Because of their large size and low maintenance costs they make an ideal model for a great deal of scientific research."

    Uses List

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    General

    • Laboratory use
    • Ritual uses

    Human food and beverage

    • Meat/fat/offal/blood/bone (whole, cut, fresh, frozen, canned, cured, processed or smoked)
    • Milk

    Materials

    • Skins/leather/fur
    • Wool

    Similarities to Other Species/Conditions

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    Sheep (Ovis aries) are extremely versatile and exist in a wide variety of habitats worldwide ranging from temperate mountain forests to desert conditions (Grzimek 1990, MacDonald 1984 in Reavill, 2000).

    Prevention and Control

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    Preventative measures: Risk Assessment models for assessing the risk that exotic vertebrates could establish in Australia have been further explored by the Western Australia Department of Agriculture & Food (DAFWA) to confirm that they reasonably predict public safety, establishment and pest risks across a full range of exotic species and risk levels.
    The Risk assessment for the Domestic Sheep (Ovis aries), has been assigned a VPC Threat Category of EXTREME.
    Mammals and birds were assessed for the pest risk they pose if introduced to Australia, by calculating Vertebrate Pests Committee (VPC) Threat Categories. These categories incorporate risk of establishing populations in the wild, risk of causing public harm, and risk of becoming a pest (eg causing agricultural damage, competing with native fauna, etc). The 7-factor Australian Bird and Mammal Model was used for these assessments.

    Physical: Management strategies for sheep (O. aries) include hunting and the use of fencing to keep animals out (Welsh, 2002). Due to the behavioural similarities between sheep and goats (see Capra hircus), management strategies and hunting techniques for goats work equally well for sheep, although some minor variations may be required for each technique (this is also the case with goats, depending on vegetation, terrain, naivety). Please see Campbell & Donlan, 2005; Parkes et al. 1996 and Daly & Goriup, 1987 for more details on management strategies and hunting techniques for goats. Trapping of sheep at waterpoints or other limited resources (e.g. salt licks in some areas) can be highly effective. Please see O'Dempsey, 1993 for methods.

    The use of Judas sheep as a hunting method could be applied quite easily; sheep are highly social animals and will search for conspecifics when isolated. Techniques like sterilisation, termination of pregnancy and inducing a prolonged estrus in goats for increasing their efficacy as Judas goats could be adapted for sheep. Epididymectomy can be conducted efficiently in rams with the procedures indicted for male goats. Tubal occlusion could similarly be applied in ewes as described for does. Pregnancy termination in the ewe isn't as straight-forward as it is in goats. In the first 55 days of pregnancy, abortion can be induced with prostaglandins (6 mg PGF2alpha / 58kg body weight), after 55 days pregnancy termination with prostglandins is unlikely (Stellflug et al. 1997). Incorporating cesarean section with sterilisation procedures may be the most effective means of ensuring pregnancy is terminated prior to deployment of Judas sheep. The procedure for cesarean section on sheep is outlined by Mobini et al. 2002.
    (Karl Campbell., pers.comm., September 2005).
     

    Bibliography

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    Bellchambers, K., 2004. Improving the development of effective and humane trapping systems as a control method for feral goats in Australia.

    BirdLife International 2006. Species factsheet: Puffinus auricularis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/11/2006 http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SpcHTMDetails.asp&sid=3938&m=0

    Campbell, K.J & Donlan, C.J 2005, 'A review of feral goat eradication on islands', Conservation Biology, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1362-74.

    Campbell, K.J, Baxter, G.S, Murray, P.J, Coblentz, B.E & Donlan, J.D in review, 'Development of a prolonged estrus effect for use in Judas goats', Applied Animal Behaviour Science.

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    Meyer, J.Y. 2007. Conservation des forêts naturelles et gestion des aires protégées en Polynésie française. Bois et forêts des tropiques, 291 (1), 25-30.

    Mobini, S, Heath, A.M & Pugh, D.G 2002, 'Theriogenology of sheep and goats', in D.G Pugh (ed.), Sheep and goat medicine, W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, pp. 129-86.

    Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle [Ed]. 2003-2006 . Ovis aries. Inventaire national du Patrimoine naturel http://inpn.mnhn.fr/isb/servlet/ISBServlet?action=Espece&typeAction=10&pageReturn=ficheEspeceDescription.jsp&numero_taxon=199754

    O'Dempsey, N 1993, Sheep self mustering - muster in your sleep, Information series QI93026. Agdex 430/75, Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Charleville, Queensland.

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    Reavill, C. 2000. Ovis aries. Animal Diversity Web. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Ovis_aries.html

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    Scowcroft, Paul G and Giffin Jon. G., 1983. Feral Herbivores Suppress Mamane and Other Browse Species on Mauna Kea, Hawaii. Journal of Range management 36(5)

    Scowcroft, Paul. G and Sakai, Howard F., 1983. Impact of Feral Herbivores on Mamane Forests of Mauna Kea, Hawaii: Bark Stripping and Diameter Class Structure. Journal of Range management 36(4)

    Tummons, P. 1999. Hunters, State Stir Up Legal Action Over Removal of Sheep from Mauna Kea. Environment Hawai`i, Inc. 10 (4) HOOF BEAT column.

    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, undated. Determination of Endangered Status for Argyroxiphium kauense (Ka`u Silversword). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Division of Endangered Species: 50 CFR Part 17 RIN: 1018-AB42.

    Van Driesche, Jason and Roy Van Driesche, Fall 2000. Nature Out of Place: Biological Invasions in the Global Age by (Island Press, Fall 2000).

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    Youngquist (ed.), Current therapy in large animal theriogenology, 1st edn, W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp. 594-8.

    References

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    US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2006. Sibara filifolia (Santa Cruz Island Rockcress). 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. In: Sibara filifolia (Santa Cruz Island Rockcress). 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.24 pp.

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    US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008. Island phacelia (Phacelia insularis var. insularis). 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. In: Island phacelia (Phacelia insularis var. insularis). 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.16 pp.

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    US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008. The Virgin River Fish Woundfin (Plagopterus argentissimus) Virgin River chub (Gila seminuda). 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. In: The Virgin River Fish Woundfin (Plagopterus argentissimus) Virgin River chub (Gila seminuda). 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.71 pp.

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    Contributors

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    Reviewed by: Dr Dirk Van Vuren Professor and Department Chair Wildlife, Fish, & Conservation Biology University of California Davis USA

      Compiled by: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group Updates with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment

      Last Modified: Wednesday, May 26, 2010

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