Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Artemisia vulgaris



Artemisia vulgaris (mugwort)


  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Artemisia vulgaris
  • Preferred Common Name
  • mugwort
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Artemisia vulgaris L.

Preferred Common Name

  • mugwort

Other Scientific Names

  • Artemisia indica Willd.
  • Artemisia selengensis Turcz. ex Besser
  • Artemisia verlotorum Lamotte
  • Artemisia vulgaris var. coarctata Forselles ex Besser

International Common Names

  • English: common mugwort
  • Spanish: altamisa; artemisa vulgar; artemisia; hierba de San Juan
  • French: armoise commune; herbe de St. Jean
  • Chinese: hao-shu, ai ye
  • Portuguese: artemísia; erva-de-fogo; losna

Local Common Names

  • Finland: pujo
  • Germany: Gemeiner Beifuss
  • Italy: assenzio selvatico
  • Netherlands: Bijvoet; singtjansbrod
  • Sweden: graabo
  • UK/England and Wales: felon herb; St. John's plant; wild wormwood

EPPO code

  • ARTVU (Artemisia vulgaris)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Asterales
  •                         Family: Asteraceae
  •                             Genus: Artemisia
  •                                 Species: Artemisia vulgaris

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


AfghanistanUnconfirmed recordHolm et al., 1991
ChinaPresentHolm et al., 1991
-Hong KongPresentHolm et al., 1991
IndiaPresentHolm et al., 1991
IndonesiaPresentMurdiati and Stoltz, 1987; Holm et al., 1991
-SumatraPresentMurdiati and Stoltz, 1987
IranPresentHolm et al., 1991
JapanPresentHolm et al., 1991
Korea, DPRPresentHolm et al., 1991
Korea, Republic ofPresentHolm et al., 1991
NepalPresentHolm et al., 1991; Gc et al., 1997
Sri LankaPresentHolm et al., 1991
TaiwanPresentHolm et al., 1991
ThailandPresentHolm et al., 1991
TurkeyPresentHolm et al., 1991


MauritiusPresentMcIntyre, 1985; Holm et al., 1991
TunisiaPresentHolm et al., 1991

North America

CanadaPresentHolm et al., 1991
USAPresentHitchcock and Cronquist, 1973; Holm et al., 1991
-HawaiiPresentHolm et al., 1991

Central America and Caribbean

Costa RicaPresentHolm et al., 1991

South America

VenezuelaPresentHolm et al., 1991


AustriaPresentHolm et al., 1991
BelgiumPresentScheirs et al., 1994; Holm et al., 1991
Czech RepublicPresentVisnak, 1996a; Visnak, 1996b; Holm et al., 1991
Czechoslovakia (former)PresentHolm et al., 1991
FinlandPresentHolm et al., 1991
GermanyPresentGroppe, 1990; Holm et al., 1991
ItalyPresentHolm et al., 1991
NorwayPresentHolm et al., 1991
PolandPresentHolm et al., 1991
Russian FederationPresentHolm et al., 1991
SpainPresentTizado-Marales & Nieto-Nafria, 1991; Holm et al., 1991
SwedenPresentHolm et al., 1991
UKPresentGrieve, 1995; Holm et al., 1991


New ZealandPresentHolm et al., 1991

Habitat List

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Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aceria artemisiae Herbivore Stems
Oxyna parietina Herbivore Stems
Phytomyza artemisivora Herbivore Leaves
Pleotrichophorus glandulosus Herbivore Growing point/Leaves


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Bing A, 1985. Progress report on controlling mugwort in turfgrass. Proceedings 39th annual meeting of the Northeastern Weed Science Society, 288-289

Boczek J; Maciejczyk K; Pruszynski S, 1995. The bionomy of Aceria artemisiae (Acari: Eriophyidae) and the possibilities of use of the mite for control of Artemisia vulgaris. Proceedings of the XXXV Scientific Meeting of the Institute of Plant Protection. Part II. Materialy Sesji Instytutu Ochrony Roslin, 35(2):138-140.

Ciba-Geighy, 1968. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables (Weed TabCIBA). Basel, Switzerland: Ciba-Geigy.

Eber S; Brandl R, 1992. Fluctuating asymmetry as a measure of heterozygosity in tephritids? Biologisches Zentralblatt, 3:61-66.

Fogelfors H, 1984. Useful weeds? Part 4. Lantmannen, 105(5):52

Gc YD; Pandey RR; Dhital BK, 1997. Management of red ant on potato and cauliflower during 1994/95 and 1995/96. Working Paper - Lumle Regional Agricultural Research Centre, No. 97/26:iii + 13 pp.; 3 ref.

Groppe K, 1990. Biology, ecology and parasitoids of Oxyna parietina L. (Dipt., Tephritidae), a possible candidate for the biological control of Artemisia vulgaris L. Journal of Applied Entomology, 110(5):438-448

Guncan A, 1985. Studies on possible control methods of Artemisia vulgaris L. in hazel plantations using herbicides. Doga Bilim Dergisi, D2 (Tarim ve Ormancilik), 9(2):177-182

Healthlink, 1998. A. vulgaris. Healthlink Herbal Database. World Wide Web page at

Hitchcock CL; Cronquist A, 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle, USA: University of Washington Press.

Holm LG; Pancho JV; Herberger JP; Plucknett DL, 1991. A Geographic Atlas of World Weeds. Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Company.

Kitou M; Yoshida S, 1993. Difference of phytotoxicity between undecomposed and microbially decomposed plant residues. Weed Research (Tokyo), 38(1):43-46

McIntyre LFG, 1985. Weed control in various food crops in Mauritius with particular reference to mixed cropping. Revue Agricole et SucriFre de l'Ile Maurice, 64(2):111-116

Metspalu L; Khiiesar K, 1994. Plant extracts for the control of the potato aphid. Transactions of the Estonian Agricultural University, 179:66-68.

Misra LN; Singh SP, 1986. Alpha-thujone, the major component of the essential oil from A. vulgaris growing wild in Nilgiri hills. Journal of Natural Products, 49:941.

Murdiati T; Stoltz DR, 1987. Investigation of suspected plant poisoning of North Sumatran cattle. Penyakit Hewan, 19(34):101-105; 22 ref.

Robinson DW, 1985. Efficacy of glyphosate in nursery stock and amenity horticulture. The herbicide glyphosate [edited by Grossbard, E.; Atkinson, D.] London, UK; Butterworths, 339-354

Scheirs J; Bruyn L de; Vandenbussche D; Verdyck P; Jordaens K, 1994. Leafminers (Diptera; Agromyzidae) new to the Belgian fauna. Bulletin & Annales de la Société Royale Belge d'Entomologie, 130(1/3):53-57

Stevens KL, 1986. Polyacetylenes as allelochemicals. The science of allelopathy [edited by Putnam, A.R.; Tang, C.S.] New York, USA; John Wiley & Sons Inc., 219-228

Tizado Morales EJ; Nieto Nafría JM, 1991. Contribution to the aphid fauna from Leon: new records for the Spanish fauna of the tribe Macrosiphini (Homoptera: Aphididae). Graellsia, 47:43-48; 17 ref.

USDA-ARS, 1999. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Online Database. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory.

Visnßk R, 1995. Synanthropic vegetation in the Ostrava city area. Part 1. Preslia, 67(3/4):261-299; 82 ref.

Visnßk R, 1996. Synanthropic vegetation of the Ostrava city area. Part 2. Preslia, Prague. Preslia, 68(1):59-94; 46 ref.

Wikstr÷m B; Kerppola S; Sulcs I, 1997. The redescription of Coleophora carelica Hackman (Lepidoptera, Coleophoridae). Entomologica Fennica, 8(1):9-12; 3 ref.

Distribution Maps

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