Invasive Species Compendium

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infection with Perkinsus olseni

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Datasheet

infection with Perkinsus olseni

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • infection with Perkinsus olseni
  • Overview
  • The protozoan Perkinsus olseni infects a number of commercially important marine molluscs in Asia, Europe and Australasia. First described as a parasite of the blacklip abalone Haliotis rubra in Australia (

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • infection with Perkinsus olseni

International Common Names

  • English: perkinsosis; perkinsosis of abalone; Perkinsus disease of abalone; Perkinsus olseni infection of abalone; Perkinsus olseni of abalone

Overview

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The protozoan Perkinsus olseni infects a number of commercially important marine molluscs in Asia, Europe and Australasia. First described as a parasite of the blacklip abalone Haliotis rubra in Australia (Lester and Davis, 1981), P. olseni was subsequently identified in Haliotis laevigata (O’Donoghue et al., 1991). The parasite has since been found to have a wide host range, including clams and oysters (Goggin et al., 1989). Heavy infection with P. olseni often results in tissue inflammation, reduced growth and impaired reproduction; infection can be fatal depending on host and environmental conditions (Pretto et al., 2014).

Based largely on molecular data, P. olseni and P. atlanticus were found to be conspecific, with P. olseni having priority (Murrell et al., 2002). Synonymy of P. olseni and P. atlanticus supports the hypothesis that P. olseni was transported from Asia to Europe by movement of the clam host Ruditapes philippinarum (Hine 2001).

Host Animals

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Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Anadara trapezia
Crassostrea ariakensis (Suminoe oyster)
Haliotis laevigata
Haliotis rubra (black-lip abalone)Aquatic|Adult; Aquatic|Broodstock; Aquatic|FryEnclosed systems/Cages; Enclosed systems/Raceways / running water ponds; Enclosed systems/Tanks; Open water systems/Line/rope, column culture (buoyed or staked)
Pinctada imbricata (akoya pearl oyster)
Ruditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)
Tridacna crocea

Hosts/Species Affected

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Known hosts of P. olseni include the clams Anadara trapezia (Murrell et al., 2002), Austrovenus stutchburyi (Hine and Diggles, 2002), Ruditapes decussatus (Elandaloussi et al., 2009), R. philippinarum (Yang et al., 2012), Tridacna crocea (Goggin, 1996), Protothaca jedoensis (Park et al., 2006) and Pitar rostratus (Cremonte et al., 2005); the oyster Crassostrea ariakensis (Moss et al., 2007); the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata (Sanil et al., 2010); abalone Haliotis rubra (Lester and Davis, 1981) and H. laevigata (O'Donoghue et al., 1991).

Distribution

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P. olseni has been recorded in Australia (Goggin, 1996), New Zealand (Hine and Diggles, 2002), Vietnam (Sheppard and Dungan, 2009), Korea Republic (Yang et al., 2012), Japan (Umeda and Yoshinaga, 2012), China (Zhou et al., 2014), Portugal (Costa et al., 2012), Spain (Elandaloussi et al., 2009), France (Arzul et al., 2012), Italy (Pretto et al., 2014), Uruguay (Cremonte et al., 2005) and India (Sanil et al., 2010).

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 07 Jan 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
BotswanaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
EgyptAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GhanaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
KenyaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
LesothoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
LibyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MadagascarAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
MauritiusAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MayotteAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MoroccoAbsentJan-Jun-2020
MozambiqueAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NigeriaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Saint HelenaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
SomaliaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
South AfricaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SudanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
TunisiaPresentJul-Dec-2019

Asia

AfghanistanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ArmeniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
AzerbaijanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BangladeshAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
ChinaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Hong KongAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2020
IndiaPresent
IndonesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
IraqAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IsraelAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
JapanAbsentJul-Dec-2020
JordanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
KuwaitAbsentJan-Jun-2019
KyrgyzstanAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MaldivesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MongoliaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
PhilippinesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Saudi ArabiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
South KoreaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
TajikistanAbsentJan-Jun-2019
ThailandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
United Arab EmiratesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
VietnamAbsentJul-Dec-2019

Europe

AndorraAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
BelarusAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CroatiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CyprusAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
DenmarkAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
EstoniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Faroe IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
FinlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
FranceAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GermanyAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GreeceAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
HungaryAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IrelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ItalyAbsentJul-Dec-2020
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MoldovaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
NetherlandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
North MacedoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NorwayAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PortugalPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
SerbiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SlovakiaAbsentJan-Jun-2020
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
SpainPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020
SwedenAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SwitzerlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
UkraineAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
United KingdomAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019

North America

BahamasAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BarbadosAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CanadaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Costa RicaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CubaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
GreenlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
MexicoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
United StatesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019

Oceania

AustraliaPresentJul-Dec-2019; in wild animals only
Cook IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Federated States of MicronesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
French PolynesiaPresentJul-Dec-2020
KiribatiAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Marshall IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
New CaledoniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
New ZealandPresentJul-Dec-2019
PalauAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Papua New GuineaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
SamoaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
TongaAbsentJan-Jun-2020
VanuatuAbsentJan-Jun-2019

South America

ArgentinaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
BoliviaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
ChileAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
ColombiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
EcuadorAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
PeruAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
UruguayAbsentJul-Dec-2020
VenezuelaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019

References

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Arzul I; Chollet B; Michel J; Robert M; Garcia C; Joly JP; François C; Miossec L, 2012. One Perkinsus species may hide another: characterization of Perkinsus species present in clam production areas of France. Parasitology, 139(13):1757-1771. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=par

Costa PM; Carreira S; Lobo J; Costa MH, 2012. Molecular detection of prokaryote and protozoan parasites in the commercial bivalve Ruditapes decussatus from southern Portugal. Aquaculture, 370/371:61-67. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0044848612005972

Cremonte F; Balseiro P; Figueras A, 2005. Occurrence of Perkinsus olseni (Protozoa: Apicomplexa) and other parasites in the venerid commercial clam Pitar rostrata from Uruguay, southwestern Atlantic coast. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 64(1):85-90.

Elandaloussi LM; Carrasco N; Roque A; Andree K; Furones MD, 2009. First record of Perkinsus olseni, a protozoan parasite infecting the commercial clam Ruditapes decussatus in Spanish Mediterranean waters. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 100(1):50-53. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WJV-4TFM7MJ-1&_user=6686535&_coverDate=01%2F31%2F2009&_rdoc=12&_fmt=high&_orig=browse&_srch=doc-info(%23toc%236888%232009%23998999998%23767070%23FLA%23display%23Volume)&_cdi=6888&_sort=d&_docanchor=&_ct=14&_acct=C000066028&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=6686535&md5=6e2922a20468811b8f276f3c95796708

Goggin CL, 1996. Effect of Perkinsus olseni (Protozoa, Apicomplexa) on the weight of Tridacna crocea (Mollusca, Bivalvia) from Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef. Aquaculture, 141(1/2):25-30.

Goggin CL; Sewell KB; Lester RJG, 1989. Cross-infection experiments with Australian Perkinsus species. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 7(1):55-59.

Hine M; Diggles B, 2002. The distribution of Perkinsus olseni in New Zealand bivalve molluscs. Surveillance (Wellington), 29(1):8-11.

Hine PM, 2001. Problems of applying risk analysis to aquatic organisms. In: Risk analysis in aquatic animal health. Proceedings of an international conference, Paris, France, 8-10 February, 2000 [ed. by Rodgers, C. J.]. Paris, France: Office International des Épizooties, 71-82.

Lester RJG; Davis GHG, 1981. A new Perkinsus species (Apicomplexa, Perkinsea) from the abalone Haliotis ruber. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 37(2):181-187.

Moss JA; Burreson EM; Cordes JF; Dungan CF; Brown GD; Wang A; Wu X; Reece KS, 2007. Pathogens in Crassostrea ariakensis and other Asian oyster species: implications for non-native oyster introduction to Chesapeake Bay. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 77(3):207-223.

Murrell A; Kleeman SN; Barker SC; Lester RJG, 2002. Synonymy of Perkinsus olseni Lester & Davis, 1981 and Perkinsus atlanticus Azevedo, 1989 and an update on the phylogenetic position of the genus Perkinsus. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 22(4):258-265.

O'Donoghue PJ; Phillips PH; Shepherd SA, 1991. Perkinsus (Protozoa: Apicomplexa) infections in abalone from South Australian waters. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia Incorporated, 115(1-2):77-82.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4. World Animal Health Information Database. Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. http://www.oie.int

Park KyungIl; Ngo TTT; Choi SangDuk; Cho MoonJae; Choi KwangSik, 2006. Occurrence of Perkinsus olseni in the Venus clam Protothaca jedoensis in Korean waters. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 93(2):81-87. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WJV-4K4WN4F-1&_user=3891418&_handle=V-WA-A-W-AB-MsSAYVW-UUA-U-AAZDYADYZU-AAZCBEYZZU-AWAEWEBDA-AB-U&_fmt=full&_coverDate=10%2F31%2F2006&_rdoc=5&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%236888%232006%23999069997%23634556!&_cdi=6888&view=c&_acct=C000028398&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=3891418&md5=f05d6ad9465b3a34c1c7663becc94b0c

Pretto T; Zambon M; Civettini M; Caburlotto G; Boffo L; Rossetti E; Arcangeli G, 2014. Massive mortality in Manila clams (Ruditapes philippinarum) farmed in the Lagoon of Venice, caused by Perkinsus olseni. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 34(2):43-53. http://www.eafp.org

Sanil NK; Vijayan KK; Kripa V; Mohamed KS, 2010. Occurrence of the protozoan parasite, Perkinsus olseni in the wild and farmed Pearl Oyster, Pinctada fucata (Gould) from the Southeast coast of India. Aquaculture, 299(1/4):8-14. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T4D-4XY4JX8-2&_user=10&_coverDate=02%2F28%2F2010&_rdoc=4&_fmt=high&_orig=browse&_srch=doc-info(%23toc%234972%232010%23997009998%231594103%23FLA%23display%23Volume)&_cdi=4972&_sort=d&_docanchor=&_ct=25&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=05894f2064cbef4f5e34ec9b3edb6f16

Sheppard BJ; Dungan CF, 2009. Exotic Perkinsus sp. protozoa in an imported Vietnamese ornamental clam (Tridacna crocea) maintained in a home aquarium. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 40(1):140-146.

Umeda K; Yoshinaga T, 2012. Development of real-time PCR assays for discrimination and quantification of two Perkinsus spp. in the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 99(3):215-225. http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v99/n3/p215-225/

Yang HyunSung; Park KyungIl; Donaghy L; Adhya M; Choi KwangSik, 2012. Temporal variation of Perkinsus olseni infection intensity in the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum in Gomso Bay, off the west coast of Korea. Journal of Shellfish Research, 31(3):685-690. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.2983/035.031.0312

Zhou GuangQi; Liu Yan; Li DongMei; Li QiuJu; Liu Sha; Liang YuBo, 2014. Genetic relationship between Perkinsus in China's offshore shellfish. Journal of Dalian Polytechnic University, 33(3):161-165. http://www.xb.dlpu.edu.cn

Distribution References

Arzul I, Chollet B, Michel J, Robert M, Garcia C, Joly J P, François C, Miossec L, 2012. One Perkinsus species may hide another: characterization of Perkinsus species present in clam production areas of France. Parasitology. 139 (13), 1757-1771. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=par DOI:10.1017/S0031182012001047

Costa P M, Carreira S, Lobo J, Costa M H, 2012. Molecular detection of prokaryote and protozoan parasites in the commercial bivalve Ruditapes decussatus from southern Portugal. Aquaculture. 61-67. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0044848612005972 DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2012.10.006

Cremonte F, Balseiro P, Figueras A, 2005. Occurrence of Perkinsus olseni (Protozoa: Apicomplexa) and other parasites in the venerid commercial clam Pitar rostrata from Uruguay, southwestern Atlantic coast. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 64 (1), 85-90. DOI:10.3354/dao064085

Elandaloussi L M, Carrasco N, Roque A, Andree K, Furones M D, 2009. First record of Perkinsus olseni, a protozoan parasite infecting the commercial clam Ruditapes decussatus in Spanish Mediterranean waters. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 100 (1), 50-53. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WJV-4TFM7MJ-1&_user=6686535&_coverDate=01%2F31%2F2009&_rdoc=12&_fmt=high&_orig=browse&_srch=doc-info(%23toc%236888%232009%23998999998%23767070%23FLA%23display%23Volume)&_cdi=6888&_sort=d&_docanchor=&_ct=14&_acct=C000066028&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=6686535&md5=6e2922a20468811b8f276f3c95796708 DOI:10.1016/j.jip.2008.09.004

Goggin C L, 1996. Effect of Perkinsus olseni (Protozoa, Apicomplexa) on the weight of Tridacna crocea (Mollusca, Bivalvia) from Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef. Aquaculture. 141 (1/2), 25-30. DOI:10.1016/0044-8486(95)01211-7

Hine M, Diggles B, 2002. The distribution of Perkinsus olseni in New Zealand bivalve molluscs. Surveillance (Wellington). 29 (1), 8-11.

OIE, 2018. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2018a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int

OIE, 2019. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2019a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS). Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

Pretto T, Zambon M, Civettini M, Caburlotto G, Boffo L, Rossetti E, Arcangeli G, 2014. Massive mortality in Manila clams (Ruditapes philippinarum) farmed in the Lagoon of Venice, caused by Perkinsus olseni. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists. 34 (2), 43-53. http://www.eafp.org

Sanil N K, Vijayan K K, Kripa V, Mohamed K S, 2010. Occurrence of the protozoan parasite, Perkinsus olseni in the wild and farmed Pearl Oyster, Pinctada fucata (Gould) from the Southeast coast of India. Aquaculture. 299 (1/4), 8-14. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T4D-4XY4JX8-2&_user=10&_coverDate=02%2F28%2F2010&_rdoc=4&_fmt=high&_orig=browse&_srch=doc-info(%23toc%234972%232010%23997009998%231594103%23FLA%23display%23Volume)&_cdi=4972&_sort=d&_docanchor=&_ct=25&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=05894f2064cbef4f5e34ec9b3edb6f16 DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2009.12.007

Sheppard B J, Dungan C F, 2009. Exotic Perkinsus sp. protozoa in an imported Vietnamese ornamental clam (Tridacna crocea) maintained in a home aquarium. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 40 (1), 140-146. DOI:10.1638/2007-0174.1

Umeda K, Yoshinaga T, 2012. Development of real-time PCR assays for discrimination and quantification of two Perkinsus spp. in the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 99 (3), 215-225. http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v99/n3/p215-225/ DOI:10.3354/dao02476

Yang HyunSung, Park KyungIl, Donaghy L, Adhya M, Choi KwangSik, 2012. Temporal variation of Perkinsus olseni infection intensity in the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum in Gomso Bay, off the west coast of Korea. Journal of Shellfish Research. 31 (3), 685-690. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.2983/035.031.0312 DOI:10.2983/035.031.0312

Zhou GuangQi, Liu Yan, Li DongMei, Li QiuJu, Liu Sha, Liang YuBo, 2014. Genetic relationship between Perkinsus in China's offshore shellfish. Journal of Dalian Polytechnic University. 33 (3), 161-165. http://www.xb.dlpu.edu.cn

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