Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Perdix perdix
(grey partridge)



Perdix perdix (grey partridge)


  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Perdix perdix
  • Preferred Common Name
  • grey partridge
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Chordata
  •       Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •         Class: Aves
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Perdix perdix

Preferred Common Name

  • grey partridge

International Common Names

  • English: common partridge; European partridge; farmed game production: grey partridge; partridge, grey
  • Spanish: perdiz
  • French: perdrix grise
  • Russian: Kouropatka

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: agerhøne
  • Finland: peltopyy
  • Germany: Huhn, Reb-
  • Italy: Starna
  • Turkey: keklik
  • USA: European gray partridge; gray partridge; hun; Hungarian grey partridge

DADIS local name

  • Bhora titar
  • Chukor
  • Kala titar
  • Ram chukor
  • Seesee
  • Snow partridge

DADIS main name

  • Alectoris Graeca Chukar
  • Black Partridge
  • Chukor Partridge
  • Grey Partridge
  • Himalayan Snow Cock
  • Local Partridge of Gredaya and Massakory
  • Pakistani Partridge
  • Patrys
  • Seesee Partridge

EPPO code

  • PERDPE (Perdix perdix)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Chordata
  •             Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •                 Class: Aves
  •                     Order: Galliformes
  •                         Family: Phasianidae
  •                             Genus: Perdix
  •                                 Species: Perdix perdix

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


AndorraPresentCABI (Undated b)
AustriaPresentCABI (Undated b)
BelgiumPresentCABI (Undated b)
BulgariaPresentCABI (Undated b)
CroatiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
CzechiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
CzechoslovakiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresentCABI (Undated b)
DenmarkPresentCABI (Undated b)
FinlandPresentCABI (Undated b)
FrancePresentCABI (Undated b)
GermanyPresentCABI (Undated b)
HungaryPresentCABI (Undated b)
IrelandPresentCABI (Undated b)
ItalyPresentCABI (Undated b)
NetherlandsPresentCABI (Undated b)
NorwayPresentCABI (Undated b)
PolandPresentCABI (Undated)
PortugalPresentCABI (Undated b)
RomaniaPresentCABI (Undated b)
RussiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Central RussiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-Northern RussiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-Russia (Europe)PresentCABI (Undated b)
-Russian Far EastPresentCABI (Undated b)
-Southern RussiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
Serbia and MontenegroPresentCABI (Undated b)
SlovakiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
SloveniaPresentCABI (Undated b)
SpainPresentCABI (Undated b)
United KingdomPresentCABI (Undated b)

North America

United StatesPresentCABI (Undated b)
-ArizonaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-ColoradoPresentCABI (Undated b)
-DelawarePresentCABI (Undated b)
-IllinoisPresentCABI (Undated b)
-IowaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-KansasPresentCABI (Undated b)
-MissouriPresentCABI (Undated b)
-MontanaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-NebraskaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-NevadaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-New MexicoPresentCABI (Undated b)
-UtahPresentCABI (Undated b)
-WisconsinPresentCABI (Undated b)
-WyomingPresentCABI (Undated b)


New ZealandPresentCABI (Undated b)

Natural enemy of

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SpeciesStages attackedCountries where known to occurReferences
Leptinotarsa decemlineataAdults/Larvae/Pupae


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Beani L; Cervo R; Dessi-Fulgheri F, 1992. Influence of mate choice on reproductive success of captive grey partridges. Proceedings Perdix VI: First International Symposium on Partridges, quails and Francolins:729-742.

Bergero D; Debernardi M; Mussa PP; Paganin M, 1995. Effect of diets with different contents of fibre and energy on reproductive performance of rock partridges (Alectoris graeca). Rivista di Avicoltura, 64(9):37-39; 11 ref.

Carvalho-Varela M; Ferradeira C, 1999. Parasites and parasitic diseases in the red partridge (Alecoris rufa) in the Iberian Peninsula. Some considerations regarding the clinical practice of their breeding in captivity. Veterinária Técnica, 9(2):44-51; 3 pp. of ref.

Gavard-Gongallud N, 2000. L'élevage du gibier à plumes: Elevage - Pathologie - Habitat - Populations. Eds: France Agricole. ISBN: 2-85557-050-6.

Liukkonen-Anttila T; Putaala A; Hissa R, 1999. Does shifting from a commercial to a natural diet affect the nutritional status of hand-reared grey partridges Perdix perdix?. Wildlife Biology, 5(3):147-156; 46 ref.

Martínez AL; Moreno A, 1999. Poisoning of red partridge due to consumption of feed [contaminated with chloride and copper]. Mundo Ganadero, 10(116):60.

Melin JM; Damange JP, 1997. Gli allevamenti di selvaggina in Francia. Tocchini M, Banti P, Mori L, eds. Seminario di informazione: L'organizzazione dei servizi di gestione della fauna e della caccia in Francia. Arsia Firenze (Italy), 155-159.

Monetti PG; Benassi MC; Berardelli C; Gubellini M, 1988. Effect of the amount of dietary protein on reproductive efficiency in the grey partridge. Zootecnica e Nutrizione Animale, 14(5):437-443; 21 ref.

Robbins GES, 1984. Partridges. Their breeding and management. Boydell Press For WPA. ISBN: 0-85115-191-4.

Thompson JD; Burger GV; Semel B; Ganshirt C, 1992. Evaluation of the productivity of two strains of gray partridge. Poultry Science, 71(8):1400-1402; 10 ref.

Woodard AE; Hermes JC; Shaw Warner DH, 1989. Reproduction in partridges as affected by light intensity and genetic line. Applied Agricultural Research, 4:68-72.

Woodard AE; Vohra P; Danton V, 1993. Commercial and ornamental. Game bird breeders. Eds: Hancock House Publishers. ISBN: 0-88839-311-3.

Distribution References

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Distribution Maps

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