Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Araecerus fasciculatus
(cocoa weevil)



Araecerus fasciculatus (cocoa weevil)


  • Last modified
  • 13 November 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Araecerus fasciculatus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cocoa weevil
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Adults are 3-5 mm long with a mottled, dark-brown appearance, particularly on the elytra.
CaptionAdults are 3-5 mm long with a mottled, dark-brown appearance, particularly on the elytra.
Copyright©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin
Adults are 3-5 mm long with a mottled, dark-brown appearance, particularly on the elytra.
AdultAdults are 3-5 mm long with a mottled, dark-brown appearance, particularly on the elytra.©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin


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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Araecerus fasciculatus (De Geer)

Preferred Common Name

  • cocoa weevil

Other Scientific Names

  • Amblycerus japonicus Thunberg
  • Anthribus coffeae Fabriciuis
  • Araecerus coffeae (Fabricius)
  • Curculio fasciculatus De Geer

International Common Names

  • English: areca nut weevil; coffee bean weevil; coffee weevil; nutmeg weevil
  • Spanish: coquito del café almacenado; gorgojo de los granos de cafe; gorgojo del café; gorgojo del grano del café; gorgojo o picudo del cafe
  • French: bruche des grains de cafe; bruche du cafe, faux; charançon du grain de café
  • Portuguese: caruncho das tulhas

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kaefer, Kaffeebohnen-
  • Netherlands: Koffiesnuitkevertje
  • Norway: kaffebonnebille

EPPO code

  • ARAEFA (Araecerus fasciculatus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Anthribidae
  •                             Genus: Araecerus
  •                                 Species: Araecerus fasciculatus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


CambodiaPresentJordan, 1923
ChinaPresentLin, 1976
-GuizhouPresentLi and Li, 2010; Wu et al., 2011
IndiaWidespreadMphuru, 1974
-AssamPresentBhattacharyya et al., 1999
-KarnatakaPresentDaniel and Kuman, 1979
-KeralaPresentPillai and Rajamma, 1987
IndonesiaWidespreadMphuru, 1974; APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993
IranPresentArdakani and Nasserzadeh, 2013
IsraelPresentWysoki, 1977
JapanPresentLee and Morimoto, 1987; Kojima, 2011
Korea, DPRPresentYokoo and Taguti, 1938
Korea, Republic ofPresentYokoo and Taguti, 1938; APPPC, 1987
LaosPresentJordan, 1923
MalaysiaWidespreadCorbett, 1929; Waterhouse, 1993
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentParker and Booth, 1979
PhilippinesPresentWaterhouse, 1993; Caasi-Lit and Lit, 2011
SingaporeWidespreadWaterhouse, 1993
Sri LankaPresentMphuru, 1974
TaiwanPresentMiwa, 1926
ThailandPresentAPPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993
VietnamPresentJordan, 1923


BurundiPresentPierrard, 1962
CameroonPresentNonveiller, 1969
CongoPresentMphuru, 1974
EgyptPresentKoura, 1969
GambiaPresentMphuru, 1974
GhanaPresentMphuru, 1974
KenyaPresentMphuru, 1974
MadagascarPresentFrappa, 1934
MauritiusPresentJordan, 1936
NigeriaPresentMphuru, 1974
Saint HelenaPresentWollaston, 1870
Sao Tome and PrincipePresentMphuru, 1974
SenegalPresentMphuru, 1974
Sierra LeonePresentMphuru, 1974
South AfricaPresentGrout et al., 2001
SwazilandPresentGrout et al., 2001
TanzaniaPresentMphuru, 1974
TogoPresentMphuru, 1974
UgandaPresentMphuru, 1974

North America

BermudaPresentMphuru, 1974
CanadaAbsent, intercepted onlyBecker, 1977
MexicoPresentChittenden, 1896
USAPresentMphuru, 1974
-CaliforniaPresentUSDA, 1971
-FloridaPresentUSDA, 1971
-HawaiiPresentJordan, 1946
-LouisianaPresentUSDA, 1971
-TexasPresentFrench et al., 1984

Central America and Caribbean

BarbadosPresentAnon., 1922
Costa RicaPresentMorales, 1966
CubaPresentBruner, 1938
El SalvadorPresentWinters, 1946
GrenadaPresentBondar, 1924
Trinidad and TobagoPresentUrich, 1926

South America

ArgentinaPresentBosq, 1934
BrazilWidespreadMphuru, 1974
-BahiaPresentSilva, 1974
-Espirito SantoPresentSmith, 1972
-Rio Grande do SulPresentBertels, 1974
-Sao PauloPresentAbrahas and Bitran, 1973
-Easter IslandPresentAurivillius, 1931
ColombiaWidespreadMphuru, 1974
French GuianaPresent
VenezuelaPresentMphuru, 1974


FrancePresentMphuru, 1974
GermanyPresentSebelin, 1951
ItalyPresentMphuru, 1974
UKPresentMphuru, 1974


American SamoaPresentJordan, 1928
AustraliaPresentZECK, 1943
FijiPresentMphuru, 1974
GuamPresentZimmerman, 1942
New CaledoniaPresentMphuru, 1974
New ZealandAbsent, intercepted onlyHelson, 1953; Holloway, 1982; Archibald Chalmers, 1983; QuanCargo, 2007
TongaPresentAPPPC, 1987

Habitat List

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Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Post-harvest

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / internal feeding
Roots / external feeding
Roots / internal feeding
Seeds / external feeding
Seeds / internal feeding
Stems / external feeding
Stems / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Anisopteromalus calandrae Parasite Larvae
Apanteles araeceri Parasite Larvae
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Cephalonomia gallicola Parasite Larvae
Cheyletus spp. Predator Eggs
Cleonymus texanus Parasite Larvae
Eupelmus cushmani Parasite Larvae
Eupelmus javae Parasite Larvae
Eurytoma pini Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Monieziella Predator Eggs
Plastanoxus Parasite Larvae
Pyemotes tritici Parasite Adults/Eggs/Larvae


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Abrahas J; Bitran EA, 1973. Storage of cassava chips: insect infestation and damage. Experimental Agriculture, 15:145-151.

Anon., 1922. Insect pests and plant diseases. Report of the Agricultural Department, Grenada, Barbados, 1921. pp. 4-5.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Archibald RD; Chalmers I, 1983. Stored product Coleoptera in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist, 7(4):371-397

Ardakani AS; Nasserzadeh H, 2013. First record and biology of coffee bean weevil (Araecerus fasciculatus De Geer) on pesticide plant (Melia azedarach L.) from Iran. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 35(3/4):111-114.

Aurivillius C, 1931. Coleoptera-Curculionidae von Juan Fernandez und der Oster Insel. Natural History of Juan Fernandez and Easter Island. Zoology, 3:461-478.

AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services, Plant Health Centre, Agri-food & Veterinary Authority, Singapore.

Becker EC, 1977. New or noteworthy records of Coleoptera in Canada (1). Annales de la Societe Entomologique du Quebec, 22(1):14-17

Bertels MA, 1974. Control of maize pests in the field and in the warehouse - Rio Grande do Sul. Boletim Tecnicio, Instituto de Pesquisas Agropecuarieas do Sul, No. 78, 126 pp.

Bhattacharyya J; Khound JN; Handique R, 1999. New pest record of packed noodles - Aracerus fasciculatus Degeer (Coleoptera: Anthribidae) at Jorhat, Assam. Insect Environment, 5(2):56.

Bondar G, 1924. Insect pests and plant diseases. Report of the Agricultural Department, Grenada, p.3.

Bosq JM, 1934. Primeralista de los coleopteros de la Republica Argentina daninos a la agricultura. Boletim. Ministerio de Agricultura, 36:65-66.

Bowler PA; Trujillo EE; Beardsley JW Jr, 1975. Insect feeding on sugarcane smut in Hawaii. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 22(3):451-456

Bruner SC, 1938. Survey of the pests of coffee in Cuba. Circular. Estacion Experimental Agronomie (Santiago de las Vegas), No. 68 (2nd edition), 36 pp.

Caasi-Lit MT; Lit IL Jr, 2011. First report of the coffee bean weevil Araecerus fasciculatus (De Geer) (Coleoptera: Anthribidae) as pest of papaya in the Philippines. Philippine Agricultural Scientist, 94(4):415-420.

Chittenden FH, 1896. Insects affecting stored cereal and other products in Mexico. United States Department of Agriculture Division of Entomology Bulletin, No. 4:28-32.

Corbett GH, 1929. Division of Entomology, Annual Report for 1928. Malayan Agricultural Journal, 17:261-276.

Daniel M; Kuman TP, 1979. Storage pests of arecanut - a survey. Journal of Plantation Crops, 7:36-41.

El Sayed MT, 1940. The morphology, anatomy and biology of Araecerus fasciculatus. Bulletin de la Societe Fouad ler d'Entomologie, 24:82-151.

ESNZ, 1977. Standard names for common insects of New Zealand. Auckland, New Zealand: The Entomological Society of New Zealand, 42 pp.

Frappa C, 1934. Les insectes nuisibles au cafeier a Madagascar. Bulletin Economique Madagascar, 83:66-71.

French JV; Villarreal S; Ramos D, 1984. Coffee bean weevil, Arpcerus fasciculatus (DeGeer), found on Texas grapefruit. Journal of the Rio Grande Valley Horticultural Society, 37:99-105

Grout TG; Begemann GJ; Stephen PR, 2001. Monitoring and control of coffee bean weevil, Araecerus coffeae (Coleoptera: Anthribidae), in southern African citrus orchards. African Plant Protection, 7(2):67-72; 10 ref.

Helson GAH, 1953. Outbreaks and new records. New Zealand: FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 1:122.

Holloway BA, 1982. Fauna of New Zealand; Number 3. Anthribidae (Insecta: Coleoptera). Wellington, New Zealand: DSIR Science Information Publishing Centre, 264 pp.

Jordan K, 1923. Faune Entomologique de L'Indochine Francaise. Anthribidae. Opuscules del L'Institut Scientifique De L'Indochine, Saigon, No. 1, 41 pp.

Jordan K, 1928. Anthribidae. In Insects of Samoa and other Samoa terrestrial arthropods. British Museum (Natural History) London, 4. Coleoptera, Fasc. 2, 161-72 pp.

Jordan K, 1936. The Anthribidae of Mauritius. November Zoology, 39:275-291.

Jordan K, 1946. On the species of Araecerus known from the Hawaiian Islands. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 12:517-524.

Jordan K, 1949. Entomological results from the Swedish expedition 1934 to Burma and British India. Coleoptera: Anthribidae. Arkiv for Zoologi (Stockholm), 41:1-9.

Kojima H, 2011. Record of some weevils new to the fauna of Hachijô-jima and Aogashima Islands, the Izu Islands, Japan. Elytra, 1(2):341-342.

Koura A, 1969. Hot air treatment of coffee beans infested with coffee bean weevil, Araecerus fasciculatus. Plant Protection Technology Bulletin (Cairo), No. 4, 31 pp.

Lee CY; Morimoto K, 1987. larvae of the weevil family Anthribidae of Japan (Coleoptera). Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 31(1-2):71-86

Li Can; Li ZiZhong, 2009. Influence of temperature on development and reproduction of experimental populations of Araecerus fasciculatus (Coleoptera: Anthribidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 52(12):1385-1389.

Li Can; Li ZiZhong, 2010. Damage and life history of Araecerus fasciculatus in Guizhou. Guizhou Agricultural Sciences, No.3:93-95.

Lin T, 1976. Studies on life cycle and control of coffee bean weevil, Araecerus fasciculatus (De Geer) (Coleoptera: Anthribidae). Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 25(1):44-52

Miwa Y, 1926. Insect pests of coffee trees. I. Bulletin. Government Research Institute of Formosa (Taihoku) No. 126, 33 pp.

Morales ME, 1966. Control of coffee pests. Boletim Divulgativo. Ministerio de Agricultura y Costa Rica (Granderia), 41:1-32.

Morimoto K, 1978. The family Anthribidae of Japan (Coleoptera). Part 1. Esakia, No. 12:17-47

Mphuru AN, 1974. Araecerus fasciculatus De Geer (Coleoptera: Anthribiidae): a review. Tropical Stored Products Information, No. 26:7-15

Nonveiller G, 1969. First results of the entomological inspection of sugarcane plants grown from cuttings imported at N'Kolbisson (Yaounde-Cameroon) with a view of their propagation. Agronomie Tropical, 24:302-304.

Parker BL; Booth RH, 1979. Storage of cassava chips (Manihot esculenta): insect infestation and damage. Experimental Agriculture, 15(2):145-151

Pierrard G, 1962. Les insectes associes aux denrees entrposees au Burundi et au Rwanda. Bulletin INEAC, 11:389-393.

Pillai KS; Rajamma P, 1987. Storage pests of tuber crops. Annual progress report 1986 (for the period January-December 1986) Trivandrum, Kerala, India; Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, 89-90

PPIN, 2007. Plant Pest Information Network. New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF) database.

QuanCargo, 2007. MAF QuanCargo database: MAF interceptions. New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries. interception dates specified.

Scott RR; Emberson RM, 1999. Handbook of New Zealand insect names. Common and scientific names for insects and allied organisms. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of New Zealand, 12: 100 pp.

Sebelin C, 1951. Zum auftreten von Araecerus fasciculatus in Hamburg. Zucker-u. Susswaren-Wirt, 4:656-658.

Seurat LG, 1900. Note sur quelques insectes qui attaquent les tubercles de la Patate a la Guinee francaise. Bulletin. Museum d'Histoire Naturale (Paris), 6:410-411.

Silva P, 1974. Control of insects in stored cocoa in Bahia. Cacau Atualidades, 11(3):8-12

Smith FH, 1972. The principal pests of cacao in the State of Espirito Santo, Brasil. Cacau Atualidades, 9(1):22-27

Spiller DM; Wise KAJ, 1982. A catalogue (1860-1960) of New Zealand insects and their host plants (revised by PS Dale & PA Maddison). Wellington, New Zealand: DSIR Science Information Division, 259 pp.

Urich FW, 1926. Insects affecting coffee in Trinidad and Tobago. Proceedings of the Agricultural Society of Trinidad and Tobago, 26:384-388.

USDA, 1971. Notes on Araecerus fasciculatus affecting citrus. Notes from the Scientific Records System to December 1971. Hyattsville, Maryland, USA: APHIS, APHIS Plant Protection and Quarantine Programme.

Valentine BD, 2005. The scientific name of the coffee bean weevil and some additional bibliography (Coleoptera: Anthribidae: Araecerus Schönherr). Insecta Mundi, 19(4):247-253.

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Winters NE, 1946. Method of control of the coffee bean weevil (Araecerus fasciculatus). Revista. Asociacion de Cafet, El Salvador, 16:46-47.

Wollaston TV, 1870. On the Coleoptera of St. Helena. Annual Magazine of Natural History, 4:18-19.

Wu YueKai; Chen BoTao; Ou GuoTeng, 2011. Damage of coffee bean weevil (Araecerus fasciculatus De Geer) on its new host Jatropha curcas L. Plant Diseases and Pests, 2(2):22-24.

Wysoki M, 1977. Insect pests of macadamia in Israel. Phytoparasitica, 5(3):187-188.

Wysoki M, 1977. Insect pests of macadamia in Israel. Phytoparasitica, 5(3):187-188.

Yokoo T; Taguti K, 1938. some observations on Araecerus fasciculatus as a pest of Chinese yeast in Korea. Annu. Agricultural Experimental Statin, Tyosen, 10:69-78.

Yoshimura H; Yoneda M, 1999. List of the insects that infest Pharbitis congesta and Ipomoea pes-caprae as wild host plants of the sweet potato weevil. Research Bulletin of the Plant Protection Service, Japan, No. 35:157-160.

ZECK EH, 1943. Pests of dried fruit. Agric. Gaz. N.S.W, 54:67-71.

Zimmerman EC, 1942. Anthribidae of Guam. In Insects of Guam - IBP Bishop Museum Bulletin, 172:65-72.

Distribution Maps

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