Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

red sea bream iridoviral disease

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Datasheet

red sea bream iridoviral disease

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 24 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • red sea bream iridoviral disease
  • Overview
  • Red sea bream iridoviral disease (RSIVD) is caused by infection with red sea bream iridovirus (RSIV) – a virus in the genus Megalocytivirus. RSIVD is a significant cause of mortality in farmed red sea bream (Pagrus major) and more...

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • red sea bream iridoviral disease

International Common Names

  • English: red sea bream iridovirus disease

English acronym

  • RSIVD

Overview

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Red sea bream iridoviral disease (RSIVD) is caused by infection with red sea bream iridovirus (RSIV) – a virus in the genus Megalocytivirus. RSIVD is a significant cause of mortality in farmed red sea bream (Pagrus major) and more than 30 other species of cultured marine fish (Matsuoka et al., 1996; Kawakami and Nakajima, 2002) belonging mainly to the orders Perciformes and Pleuronectiformes. First recorded in Japan in 1990, the disease is also widely distributed in East and South-East Asia (reviewed by Kurita and Nakajima, 2012). Affected fish become lethargic, exhibit severe anaemia, petechiae of the gills, and enlargement of the spleen (Nakajima et al., 2001).

For disease control, a formalin-killed vaccine was developed and is commercially available in Japan for several fish species (Nakajima et al., 2001).

Many RSIV-like viruses from cultured marine and freshwater fish and tropical ornamental fish have been reported mainly in East and South-East Asia (reviewed by Kurita and Nakajima, 2012). The various isolates include infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV), Taiwan grouper iridovirus (TGIV), turbot reddish body iridovirus (TRBIV), rock bream iridovirus (RBIV) and dwarf gourami iridovirus. These viruses are closely related to RSIV morphologically and genetically, and the pathology of infected fish is similar to RSIVD. Given the wide host range of RSIV, some of these viruses are likely isolates of RSIV, whereas others likely represent different, but closely related, viral species. Genetic analysis suggests that two additional viral species exist in the genus Megalocytivirus. One of those is represented by ISKNV isolated from freshwater Chinese perch (Siniperca chuatsi) and another by TRBIV isolated from turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) (reviewed by Kurita and Nakajima, 2012).

RSIVD is on the list of diseases notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). The distribution section contains data from OIE's WAHID database on disease occurrence. For further information on this disease from OIE, see the website: www.oie.int.

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 05 Jan 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
Cabo VerdeAbsentJul-Dec-2019
EgyptAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GhanaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Guinea-BissauAbsentJul-Dec-2020
KenyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
LesothoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
LibyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MadagascarAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
MauritiusAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MozambiqueAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NigeriaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Saint HelenaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
SomaliaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
South AfricaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SudanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
TunisiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ZambiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018

Asia

ArmeniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
AzerbaijanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BahrainAbsent, No presence record(s)
BangladeshAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
BhutanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
ChinaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Hong KongPresentJul-Dec-2019
IndiaPresentJan-Jun-2019
IndonesiaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
IranAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
IraqAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IsraelAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
JapanPresentJul-Dec-2020
JordanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
KazakhstanAbsent, No presence record(s)
KuwaitAbsentJan-Jun-2019
KyrgyzstanAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MalaysiaPresent
MaldivesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MongoliaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
NepalAbsentJul-Dec-2019
PhilippinesAbsentJul-Dec-2018
Saudi ArabiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SingaporeAbsentJul-Dec-2020
South KoreaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
TaiwanPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
TajikistanAbsentJan-Jun-2019
ThailandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
United Arab EmiratesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
VietnamAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019

Europe

AndorraAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
BelarusAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CroatiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CyprusAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
DenmarkAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
EstoniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Faroe IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
FinlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
FranceAbsent, No presence record(s)
GermanyAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GreeceAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
HungaryAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IrelandAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ItalyAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MoldovaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
NetherlandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
North MacedoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NorwayAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PortugalAbsentJul-Dec-2019
SerbiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SlovakiaAbsentJan-Jun-2020
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
SpainAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
SwedenAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SwitzerlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
UkraineAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
United KingdomAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019

North America

BahamasAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BarbadosAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CanadaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Costa RicaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CubaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
El SalvadorAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GreenlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
GuatemalaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MexicoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NicaraguaAbsent, No presence record(s)
PanamaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
United StatesAbsentJul-Dec-2019
-GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)

Oceania

AustraliaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Cook IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Federated States of MicronesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
French PolynesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
KiribatiAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Marshall IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
New CaledoniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
New ZealandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PalauAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Papua New GuineaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
SamoaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
TongaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2020
VanuatuAbsentJan-Jun-2019

South America

ArgentinaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
BoliviaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
BrazilAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ChileAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
ColombiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
EcuadorAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
French GuianaAbsent, No presence record(s)
UruguayAbsentJul-Dec-2020
VenezuelaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019

References

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Kawakami H; Nakajima K, 2002. Cultured fish species affected by red sea bream iridoviral disease from 1996 to 2000. Gyobyo Kenkyu = Fish Pathology, 37(1):45-47.

Kurita J; Nakajima K, 2012. Megalocytiviruses. Viruses, 4(4):521-538. http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/4/4/521/htm

Matsuoka S; Inouye K; Nakajima K, 1996. Cultured fish species affected by red sea bream iridoviral disease. Gyobyo Kenkyu = Fish Pathology, 31(4):233-234.

Nakajima K; Kurita J; Ito T; Inouye K; Sorimachi M, 2001. Red sea bream iridoviral disease in Japan. Bulletin of National Research Institute of Aquaculture, Supplement [Pathogenic organisms and disease prevention. Proceedings of the 29th U. S.-Japan meeting on aquaculture, Ise, Japan, 7-8 November, 2000.], No.5:23-25.

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4. World Animal Health Information Database. Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. http://www.oie.int

Distribution References

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4., Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. https://www.oie.int/

OIE, 2018. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2018a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int

OIE, 2019. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2019a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS). Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

Distribution Maps

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