Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

White spot syndrome virus

Toolbox

Datasheet

White spot syndrome virus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • White spot syndrome virus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "ssDNA viruses"
  •     Group: "DNA viruses"
  •       Family: Nimaviridae
  •         Genus: Whispovirus
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • White spot syndrome virus

Other Scientific Names

  • white spot virus

English acronym

  • WSSV
  • WSV

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "ssDNA viruses"
  •         Group: "DNA viruses"
  •             Family: Nimaviridae
  •                 Genus: Whispovirus
  •                     Species: White spot syndrome virus

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 07 Jan 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
BotswanaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Cabo VerdeAbsentJul-Dec-2019
EgyptAbsentJul-Dec-2019
EswatiniAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GhanaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
Guinea-BissauAbsentJan-Jun-2018
KenyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
LesothoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
LibyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MadagascarPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020; in wild animals only
MauritiusAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MayotteAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MoroccoAbsentJan-Jun-2020
MozambiquePresentJul-Dec-2019; in wild animals only
NigeriaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
RéunionAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Saint HelenaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
SomaliaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
South AfricaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SudanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
TunisiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019

Asia

AfghanistanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ArmeniaAbsentJul-Dec-2020
AzerbaijanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BangladeshAbsentJul-Dec-2020
BruneiAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ChinaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Hong KongAbsentJan-Jun-2020
IndiaPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2018
IndonesiaPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2019
IranAbsentJan-Jun-2019
IraqAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IsraelAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
JapanPresentJul-Dec-2020
JordanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
KuwaitAbsentJan-Jun-2019
KyrgyzstanAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MaldivesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MongoliaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
MyanmarAbsentJul-Dec-2019
PakistanAbsentJan-Jun-2020
PhilippinesPresentJul-Dec-2019
Saudi ArabiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
SingaporeAbsentJul-Dec-2020
South KoreaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
TaiwanPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
TajikistanAbsentJan-Jun-2019
ThailandPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
United Arab EmiratesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
VietnamPresentJul-Dec-2019

Europe

AndorraAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
AustriaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
BelarusAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
BelgiumAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CroatiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CyprusAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
DenmarkAbsentJul-Dec-2020
EstoniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Faroe IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
FinlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
FranceAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GermanyAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GreeceAbsentJul-Dec-2019
HungaryAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IrelandAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ItalyAbsentJul-Dec-2020
LatviaAbsentJul-Dec-2020
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
LithuaniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MoldovaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
NetherlandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
North MacedoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NorwayAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PolandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PortugalAbsentJul-Dec-2019
SerbiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SlovakiaAbsentJan-Jun-2020
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
SpainAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
SwedenAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SwitzerlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
UkraineAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
United KingdomAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019

North America

BahamasAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BarbadosAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CanadaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Costa RicaPresentJul-Dec-2019
CubaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
El SalvadorAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GreenlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
GuadeloupeAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MartiniqueAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MexicoPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
NicaraguaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
PanamaPresentJan-Jun-2019
United StatesPresentJul-Dec-2020; in wild animals only

Oceania

AustraliaPresentJan-Jun-2020
Cook IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Federated States of MicronesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
FijiAbsentJan-Jun-2019
French PolynesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
KiribatiAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Marshall IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
New CaledoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
New ZealandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PalauAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Papua New GuineaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
SamoaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
TongaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2020
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019

South America

ArgentinaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
BoliviaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
BrazilPresentJul-Dec-2019
ChileAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
ColombiaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
EcuadorPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2019
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
French GuianaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ParaguayAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
UruguayAbsentJul-Dec-2020
VenezuelaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019

Pathogen Characteristics

Top of page

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV), the aetiological agent of white spot disease (WSD), is one of the most devastating viral pathogens of shrimp culture worldwide (Escobedo-Bonilla et al., 2008; Lightner 2011). WSSV is a double-stranded DNA virus; it is the only member of the genus Whispovirus within the Nimaviridae family. Virions of WSSV are ovoid or ellipsoid to bacilliform in shape, have a regular symmetry, and measure 80-120 nm in diameter and 250-380 nm in length. Most notable is the thread- or flagella-like extension (appendage) at one end of the virion (Lo et al., 2012). WSSV is unique among shrimp viruses, because it has a large genome size of approximately 290 kb (van Hulten et al., 2000) and is a generalist virus in crustaceans.

Host Animals

Top of page
Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Acetes japonicus (akiami paste shrimp)Aquatic|Adult
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)Wild hostAquatic|Adult
Euphausia pacifica
Farfantepenaeus aztecus (northern brown shrimp)
Farfantepenaeus duorarum (northern pink shrimp)Aquatic|Larval
Fenneropenaeus chinensis (Chinese fleshy prawn)
Fenneropenaeus indicus (Indian white shrimp)Aquatic|Adult; Aquatic|BroodstockEnclosed systems/Ponds
Fenneropenaeus merguiensis (banana shrimp)Aquatic|All StagesEnclosed systems/Ponds
Fenneropenaeus penicillatus (redtail shrimp)Aquatic|Adult; Aquatic|Fry; Aquatic|LarvalEnclosed systems/Ponds
Litopenaeus schmitti (southern white shrimp)Experimental settingsAquatic|Adult
Litopenaeus setiferus (northern white shrimp)Aquatic|Adult; Aquatic|LarvalEnclosed systems/Other enclosed systems; Enclosed systems/Ponds
Litopenaeus stylirostris (western blue shrimp)Aquatic|Adult; Aquatic|Fry; Aquatic|LarvalEnclosed systems/Ponds
Litopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)
Macrobrachium idella (slender river prawn)Experimental settings
Macrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)
Marsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)
Metapenaeus dobsoni (kadal shrimp)Aquatic|Adult; Aquatic|Fry; Aquatic|LarvalEnclosed systems/Other enclosed systems; Enclosed systems/Ponds
Metapenaeus ensis (greasyback shrimp)Aquatic|Adult; Aquatic|Broodstock; Aquatic|FryEnclosed systems/Ponds
Palaemon adspersus (Baltic prawn)Experimental settingsAquatic|Adult
Panulirus penicillatus (pronghorn spiny lobster)
Panulirus versicolor (painted spiny lobster)Aquatic|Adult
Penaeus
Penaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)
Penaeus semisulcatus (green tiger prawn)Aquatic|Adult; Aquatic|Fry; Aquatic|LarvalEnclosed systems/Other enclosed systems; Enclosed systems/Ponds
Portunus segnis
Scylla serrata

References

Top of page

Escobedo-Bonilla CM; Alday-Sanz V; Wille M; Sorgeloos P; Pensaert MB; Nauwynck HJ, 2008. A review on the morphology, molecular characterization, morphogenesis and pathogenesis of white spot syndrome virus. Journal of Fish Diseases, 31(1):1-18. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2761.2007.00877.x

Hulten MCW van; Westenberg M; Goodall SD; Vlak JM, 2000. Identification of two major virion protein genes of white spot syndrome virus of shrimp. Virology (New York), 266(2):227-236.

Lightner DV, 2011. Virus diseases of farmed shrimp in the Western Hemisphere (the Americas): a review. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 106(1):110-130. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WJV-51W6NYJ-C&_user=10&_coverDate=01%2F31%2F2011&_rdoc=12&_fmt=high&_orig=browse&_origin=browse&_zone=rslt_list_item&_srch=doc-info(%23toc%236888%232011%23998939998%232846757%23FLA%23display%23Volume)&_cdi=6888&_sort=d&_docanchor=&_ct=15&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=f2aa7e0630b64e23a3130a3be65a3bf8&searchtype=a

Lo CF; Aoki T; Bonami JR; Flegel TW; Leu JH; Lightner DV; Stentiford G; Söderhäll K; Walker PW; Wang HC; Xun X; Yang F; Vlak JM, 2012. Nimaviridae. In: Virus Taxonomy: Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses: Ninth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses [ed. by King, A. M. Q. \Adams, M. J. \Carstens, E. B. \Lefkowitz, E. J.]. San Diego, California, USA: Elsevier Academic Press, 229-234.

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

OIE, 2018. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2018a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int

OIE, 2019. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2019a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS). Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map
Select a dataset
Map Legends
  • CABI Summary Records
Map Filters
Extent
Invasive
Origin
Third party data sources: