Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Apis mellifera

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Datasheet

Apis mellifera

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 18 December 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Pest
  • Host Animal
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Apis mellifera
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker bee drinking from puddle. Wrocław, Poland. May 2021.
TitleWorker
CaptionApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker bee drinking from puddle. Wrocław, Poland. May 2021.
Copyright©hedera.baltica (Pawel Wiecek)/via Flickr - CC BY-SA 2.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker bee drinking from puddle. Wrocław, Poland. May 2021.
WorkerApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker bee drinking from puddle. Wrocław, Poland. May 2021.©hedera.baltica (Pawel Wiecek)/via Flickr - CC BY-SA 2.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Workers. Tasmania, Australia. November 2010.
TitleWorkers
CaptionApis mellifera (European honey bee); Workers. Tasmania, Australia. November 2010.
Copyright©John Harrison/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Workers. Tasmania, Australia. November 2010.
WorkersApis mellifera (European honey bee); Workers. Tasmania, Australia. November 2010.©John Harrison/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker. Mutzig, France. June 2010.
TitleWorker
CaptionApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker. Mutzig, France. June 2010.
Copyright©Thomas Bresson/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker. Mutzig, France. June 2010.
WorkerApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker. Mutzig, France. June 2010.©Thomas Bresson/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker on Centaurea flower. France. May 2014.
TitleWorker on flower
CaptionApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker on Centaurea flower. France. May 2014.
Copyright©Clément Bardot/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker on Centaurea flower. France. May 2014.
Worker on flowerApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker on Centaurea flower. France. May 2014.©Clément Bardot/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker pollinates alfalfa flower (Medicago sativa). Valingu, Estonia. July 2016.
TitleWorker on flower
CaptionApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker pollinates alfalfa flower (Medicago sativa). Valingu, Estonia. July 2016.
Copyright©Ivar Leidus/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker pollinates alfalfa flower (Medicago sativa). Valingu, Estonia. July 2016.
Worker on flowerApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker pollinates alfalfa flower (Medicago sativa). Valingu, Estonia. July 2016.©Ivar Leidus/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Pollination: honey bee (Apis mellifera) on oil seed rape flowers (Brassica napus). Honey bees play a predominant role in increasing the yield of rapeseed. Valingu, Northwestern Estonia. July 2016.
TitlePollinator
CaptionPollination: honey bee (Apis mellifera) on oil seed rape flowers (Brassica napus). Honey bees play a predominant role in increasing the yield of rapeseed. Valingu, Northwestern Estonia. July 2016.
Copyright©Ivar Leidus-2016/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Pollination: honey bee (Apis mellifera) on oil seed rape flowers (Brassica napus). Honey bees play a predominant role in increasing the yield of rapeseed. Valingu, Northwestern Estonia. July 2016.
PollinatorPollination: honey bee (Apis mellifera) on oil seed rape flowers (Brassica napus). Honey bees play a predominant role in increasing the yield of rapeseed. Valingu, Northwestern Estonia. July 2016.©Ivar Leidus-2016/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker. Ontario, Canada. July 2017.
TitleWorker
CaptionApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker. Ontario, Canada. July 2017.
Copyright©Ryan Hodnett/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker. Ontario, Canada. July 2017.
WorkerApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker. Ontario, Canada. July 2017.©Ryan Hodnett/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker on flower. August 2013.
TitleWorker on flower
CaptionApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker on flower. August 2013.
Copyright©Marta Boroń/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker on flower. August 2013.
Worker on flowerApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker on flower. August 2013.©Marta Boroń/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker on bird cherry (Prunus padus). Keila, Estonia. May 2018.
TitleWorker on flower
CaptionApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker on bird cherry (Prunus padus). Keila, Estonia. May 2018.
Copyright©Ivar Leidus/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker on bird cherry (Prunus padus). Keila, Estonia. May 2018.
Worker on flowerApis mellifera (European honey bee); Worker on bird cherry (Prunus padus). Keila, Estonia. May 2018.©Ivar Leidus/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Nest. Los Gatos, California, USA. July 2010.
TitleNest
CaptionApis mellifera (European honey bee); Nest. Los Gatos, California, USA. July 2010.
Copyright©Eugene Zelenko/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Nest. Los Gatos, California, USA. July 2010.
NestApis mellifera (European honey bee); Nest. Los Gatos, California, USA. July 2010.©Eugene Zelenko/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Workers in hive. October 2007.
TitleWorkers in hive
CaptionApis mellifera (European honey bee); Workers in hive. October 2007.
Copyright©CSIRO (Taken by Nick Pitsas)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY 3.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Workers in hive. October 2007.
Workers in hiveApis mellifera (European honey bee); Workers in hive. October 2007.©CSIRO (Taken by Nick Pitsas)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY 3.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Pinned worker. Texas, USA. July 2017.
TitlePinned specimen
CaptionApis mellifera (European honey bee); Pinned worker. Texas, USA. July 2017.
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by Insects Unlocked (Taken by Alejandro Santillana)/via Flickr - CC0 1.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Pinned worker. Texas, USA. July 2017.
Pinned specimenApis mellifera (European honey bee); Pinned worker. Texas, USA. July 2017.Public Domain - Released by Insects Unlocked (Taken by Alejandro Santillana)/via Flickr - CC0 1.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Swarm. Tachov, Czech Republic. July 2008.
TitleSwarm
CaptionApis mellifera (European honey bee); Swarm. Tachov, Czech Republic. July 2008.
Copyright©Huhulenik/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY 3.0
Apis mellifera (European honey bee); Swarm. Tachov, Czech Republic. July 2008.
SwarmApis mellifera (European honey bee); Swarm. Tachov, Czech Republic. July 2008.©Huhulenik/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY 3.0
Honey bee tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi); A. woodi mites, internal parasites of Apis mellifera (common honey bee), visible in bee trachea. Approx. 150 μm in length.
TitleMites in host
CaptionHoney bee tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi); A. woodi mites, internal parasites of Apis mellifera (common honey bee), visible in bee trachea. Approx. 150 μm in length.
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by United States Dept. of Agriculture (USDA)/via Wikimedia
Honey bee tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi); A. woodi mites, internal parasites of Apis mellifera (common honey bee), visible in bee trachea. Approx. 150 μm in length.
Mites in hostHoney bee tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi); A. woodi mites, internal parasites of Apis mellifera (common honey bee), visible in bee trachea. Approx. 150 μm in length.Public Domain - Released by United States Dept. of Agriculture (USDA)/via Wikimedia

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Apis mellifera Linnaeus

Other Scientific Names

  • Apis mellifica Linnaeus

International Common Names

  • English: honey bee
  • French: abeille; abeille domestique

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Biene, Heide-; Honigbiene, Aegyptische; Honigbiene, Afrikanische; Honigbiene, Europaeische; Honigbiene, Gemeine; Honigbiene, Griechische; Honigbiene, Italienische; Honigbiene, Krainer; Honigbiene, Syrische; Honigbiene, Zyprische; Imme
  • Netherlands: Bij

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hymenoptera
  •                         Family: Apidae
  •                             Genus: Apis
  •                                 Species: Apis mellifera

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 12 Jul 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent
EgyptPresent
South AfricaPresent
TunisiaPresent

Asia

AfghanistanPresent
ChinaPresentIntroducedFirst reported: 1900s
IndiaPresent
-BiharPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-KeralaPresent
-PunjabPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
Indonesia
-Irian JayaPresent
IranPresent
IsraelPresent
JapanPresent
KyrgyzstanPresent
NepalPresent
PakistanPresent
PhilippinesPresent
South KoreaPresent
TaiwanPresent
ThailandPresent
TurkeyPresent
United Arab EmiratesPresent
VietnamPresent

Europe

AlbaniaPresent
AustriaPresent
BelgiumPresent
CyprusPresent
CzechoslovakiaPresent
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresent
DenmarkPresent
FinlandPresent
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent
GreecePresent
HungaryPresent
ItalyPresent
-SardiniaPresent
-SicilyPresent
NetherlandsPresent
NorwayPresentIntroduced1743
PolandPresent
PortugalPresent
RomaniaPresent
RussiaPresent
-Russian Far EastPresent
SloveniaPresent
SpainPresent
-Canary IslandsPresent
SwedenPresentIntroducedFirst reported: 1500s
SwitzerlandPresent
UkrainePresent
United KingdomPresent
-Northern IrelandPresent

North America

CanadaPresent
-AlbertaPresent
-British ColumbiaPresent
-ManitobaPresent
-OntarioPresent
Costa RicaPresent
GuatemalaPresent
MexicoPresent
PanamaPresent
United StatesPresentIntroduced1620
-AlabamaPresent
-ArizonaPresent
-ArkansasPresent
-CaliforniaPresent
-ConnecticutPresent
-FloridaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-IdahoPresent
-IllinoisPresent
-MainePresent
-MarylandPresent
-MichiganPresent
-MinnesotaPresent
-NebraskaPresent
-New JerseyPresent
-New YorkPresent
-North CarolinaPresent
-OhioPresent
-OklahomaPresent
-OregonPresent
-PennsylvaniaPresent
-TexasPresent
-UtahPresent
-VirginiaPresent
-WashingtonPresent
-WisconsinPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
-New South WalesPresent
-Northern TerritoryPresent
-QueenslandPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
New ZealandPresent
Papua New GuineaPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BrazilPresent
-Santa CatarinaPresent
-Sao PauloPresent
ChilePresentIntroduced1848
ColombiaPresent
UruguayPresent
VenezuelaPresent

Host Plants and Other Plants Affected

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References

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Agboton, C., Onzo, A., Ouessou, F. I., Goergen, G., Vidal, S., Tamò, M., 2014. Insect fauna associated with Anacardium occidentale (Sapindales: Anacardiaceae) in Benin, West Africa. Journal of Insect Science (Annapolis), 14(229), 1-11. http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1093/jisesa/ieu091

Djebara, F., Benzahra, A., Mimeche, F., Saharaoui, L., 2018. Diversity of entomofauna associated with greenhouse-grown tomatoes in Algiers (North Algeria). Studia Universitatis Babeș-Bolyai, Biologia, 63(2), 139-151. doi: 10.24193/subbbiol.2018.2.11

Gyawali, A., Regmi, B., Pudasaini, R., Acharya, N., 2019. Diversity and abundance of insect pest of low land rice field in Lamahi, Dang district of Nepal. Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 2(1), 238-243. doi: 10.3126/janr.v2i1.26081

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Djebara F, Benzahra A, Mimeche F, Saharaoui L, 2018. Diversity of entomofauna associated with greenhouse-grown tomatoes in Algiers (North Algeria). Studia Universitatis Babeș-Bolyai, Biologia. 63 (2), 139-151. DOI:10.24193/subbbiol.2018.2.11

Gyawali A, Regmi B, Pudasaini R, Acharya N, 2019. Diversity and abundance of insect pest of low land rice field in Lamahi, Dang district of Nepal. Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources. 2 (1), 238-243. DOI:10.3126/janr.v2i1.26081

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435. http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14435

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