Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Aphis fabae
(black bean aphid)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Aphis fabae (black bean aphid)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 October 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Aphis fabae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • black bean aphid
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • The main means of dispersal of A. fabae sensu stricto (s.str.) is through migratory flight. It is highly polyphagous, with many wild species potentially acting as reservoirs for crop infestation. However, A. fabae s.str. has a heteroecious and holocy...
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Alate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
TitleAlate virginoparae
CaptionAlate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
CopyrightStephen Nottingham
Alate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
Alate virginoparaeAlate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.Stephen Nottingham
Apterous virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
TitleApterous virginoparae
CaptionApterous virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
CopyrightStephen Nottingham
Apterous virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
Apterous virginoparaeApterous virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.Stephen Nottingham
Alate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
TitleAlate virginoparae
CaptionAlate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
CopyrightStephen Nottingham
Alate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
Alate virginoparaeAlate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.Stephen Nottingham

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Aphis fabae Scopoli

Preferred Common Name

  • black bean aphid

Other Scientific Names

  • Anuraphis cynariella Theobald, 1924
  • Aphis abietaria Walker, 1852
  • Aphis acanthi Schrank, 1801
  • Aphis addita Walker, 1849
  • Aphis adducta Walker, 1849
  • Aphis advena Walker, 1849
  • Aphis aparines Fabricius, 1775
  • Aphis aparinis Blanchard, 1940
  • Aphis apii Theobald, 1925
  • Aphis apocyni Koch, 1854
  • Aphis atriplicis Fabricius, 1775 nec Linnaeus, 1758
  • Aphis bazzii Blanchard, 1923
  • Aphis brevisiphona Theobald, 1913
  • Aphis cardui var. naumburgensis Franssen, 1927
  • Aphis castanea Koch, 1872
  • Aphis chaerophylii Koch, 1854
  • Aphis cirsina Ferrari, 1872
  • Aphis compositae Theobald, 1915
  • Aphis dahliae Mosley, 1841
  • Aphis dusmeti Gomez Menor, 1950 (part.)
  • Aphis erecta del Guercio, 1911
  • Aphis eryngii Blanchard, 1923
  • Aphis euonymi auctt. prior to 1950 nec Fabricius, 1775
  • Aphis euonymi Börner
  • Aphis fabae Blanchard, 1840
  • Aphis hortensis Fabricius, 1781
  • Aphis indistincta Walker, 1849
  • Aphis inducta Walker, 1849
  • Aphis insularis Blanchard, 1923
  • Aphis neoreticulata Theobald, 1927
  • Aphis papaveris Fabricius, 1781
  • Aphis philadelphi Börner, 1921
  • Aphis phlomoidea del Guerico, 1911
  • Aphis polyanthis Passerini, 1863 nec J.F. Gmelin, 1790
  • Aphis reticulata Theobald, 1922 nec Wilson, 1915
  • Aphis rumicis auctt. prior to 1930 nec Linnaeus
  • Aphis serratulae Schrank, 1801
  • Aphis silybi Passerini, 1861
  • Aphis sinensis del Guercio, 1900
  • Aphis solanella Theobald, 1914
  • Aphis solanophilus Blanchard, 1923
  • Aphis thlaspeos Schrank, 1801
  • Aphis translata Walker, 1849
  • Aphis tuberosae Boyer de Fonscolombe, 1841
  • Aphis valerianina del Guercio, 1911
  • Aphis watsoni Theobald, 1929
  • Doralis fabae Scopoli, 1763
  • Doralis papaveris Fabricius, 1781
  • Myzus roseum Macchiati, 1881
  • Myzus rubrum del Guercio, 1900

International Common Names

  • English: bean aphid; blackfly
  • Spanish: afido negro del frijol; piojo del frijol; pulgón de la haba; pulgón de los frijoles; pulgón del haba; pulgón negro de las habas; pulgón negro de las habas y las judias; pulgón negro de las judias
  • French: puceron du haricot; puceron noir; puceron noir de la betterave; puceron noir de la feve; puceron noir des fèves
  • Portuguese: piolho da fava; piolho negro; piolhonegro da fava; pulgao da fava

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: bedebladlus; bedelus
  • Finland: juurikaskirva
  • Germany: Rübenblattlaus; Schwarze Bohenlaus; Schwarze Bohnenblattlaus; Schwarze Rübenblattlaus
  • Iran: schatte tschoghondar (sijah)
  • Israel: knimat hapol
  • Italy: afide delle fave; afide nero della fava; afido nero; pidocchio delle fave
  • Netherlands: bonenbladluis; zwarte bonenluis
  • Norway: betebladlus; bonnebladlus
  • Sweden: betbladlus; bönbladlus
  • Turkey: bakla yaprak biti

EPPO code

  • APHIFA (Aphis fabae)
  • APHIFS (Aphis solanella)

Summary of Invasiveness

Top of page The main means of dispersal of A. fabae sensu stricto (s.str.) is through migratory flight. It is highly polyphagous, with many wild species potentially acting as reservoirs for crop infestation. However, A. fabae s.str. has a heteroecious and holocyclic life-cycle, requiring the presence of the overwintering host Euonymous europaeus in order to become established in new areas. Holocyclic populations of A. fabae, especially the subspecies A. fabae solanella (often considered a separate species), have greater potential to become invasive, particularly in sub-tropical and tropical regions. However, there is little evidence to suggest that A. fabae is currently invasive.

The aphid can also be carried in trade on planting material and some vegetable products.

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Aphidoidea
  •                                 Family: Aphididae
  •                                     Genus: Aphis
  •                                         Species: Aphis fabae

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AfghanistanPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
China
-GansuPresentLiu et al., 2005
-HebeiPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
-Hong KongPresentIntroduced
-JiangsuPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
-ShanxiPresentIntroducedZheng and Tang, 1989
-ZhejiangPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
Georgia (Republic of)PresentIntroducedGiorgadze et al., 1988
IndiaPresentIntroducedGhosh, 1975
-Arunachal PradeshPresentIntroducedGhosh, 1975
-AssamPresentIntroducedGhosh, 1975
-Himachal PradeshPresentIntroducedGhosh, 1975; Bhardwaj et al., 1993
-Jammu and KashmirPresentKhan and Zaki, 2008
-KeralaPresentIntroducedLyla et al., 1987
-ManipurPresentIntroducedGhosh, 1975
-MeghalayaPresentIntroducedGhosh, 1975
-SikkimPresentIntroducedGhosh, 1975
-TripuraPresentIntroducedDas, 1988
-Uttar PradeshPresentIntroducedGhosh, 1975
-West BengalPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963; Ghosh, 1975
IranWidespreadIntroducedCIE, 1963
IraqWidespreadIntroducedCIE, 1963
IsraelWidespreadIntroducedCIE, 1963
JapanPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
-HokkaidoPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
-HonshuPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
-KyushuPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
-ShikokuPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
JordanPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
KazakhstanPresentIntroducedLoebenstein and Manadilova, 2003
Korea, Republic ofPresentIntroduced
KyrgyzstanPresentIntroducedLoebenstein and Manadilova, 2003
LebanonPresentIntroduced
MalaysiaPresentIntroducedNg Sook Ming, 1978
NepalPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
PakistanPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
PhilippinesPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
Sri LankaPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
SyriaPresentIntroducedWeigand, 1990
TaiwanPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
TajikistanPresentIntroducedLoebenstein and Manadilova, 2003
TurkeyPresentIntroducedAslan and Uygun, 2005
TurkmenistanPresentIntroducedLoebenstein and Manadilova, 2003
UzbekistanPresentIntroducedLoebenstein and Manadilova, 2003
YemenPresentIntroduced

Africa

AlgeriaPresentIntroducedLaamari and Akal, 2002
BurundiPresentIntroducedAutrique et al., 1989
CameroonPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
CongoPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
Côte d'IvoirePresentIntroduced
EgyptPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963; Semeada et al., 2004
EthiopiaPresentIntroduced
KenyaPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
LibyaPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
MalawiPresentIntroducedMchowa et al., 1994
MauritiusPresentIntroducedMamet, 1986
MoroccoPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
NigerPresentIntroduced
NigeriaPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
South AfricaPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
Spain
-Canary IslandsPresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
SudanPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
TanzaniaPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
TunisiaPresentIntroducedHalima-Kamel and Hamouda, 1993
UgandaPresentIntroduced
ZimbabwePresentIntroducedCIE, 1963

North America

BermudaPresentIntroduced Not invasive
CanadaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-AlbertaPresentIntroduced Not invasive
-British ColumbiaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-ManitobaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-New BrunswickPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-Nova ScotiaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-OntarioPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-QuebecPresentIntroduced Not invasive
MexicoPresentIntroduced Not invasive
USAPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-AlabamaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-AlaskaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-CaliforniaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963; Kirk et al., 1991
-ColoradoPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-ConnecticutPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-DelawarePresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-FloridaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963; Stoetzel, 1990
-GeorgiaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-HawaiiPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-IdahoPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-MarylandPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-MichiganPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-NebraskaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-NevadaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-New JerseyPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-New YorkPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963; Tingey and Lamont, 1988
-North CarolinaPresentIntroduced Not invasive
-OhioPresentIntroduced Not invasive
-OregonPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-PennsylvaniaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-South CarolinaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-TexasPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-UtahPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-VirginiaPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-WashingtonPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-WisconsinPresentIntroduced Not invasive CIE, 1963
-WyomingPresentIntroduced Not invasive

Central America and Caribbean

Puerto RicoPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
SabaPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
Brazil
-BahiaPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
-CearaPresentIntroducedBezerra et al., 1995
-Minas GeraisPresentIntroducedCarvalho et al., 2002
-Rio de JaneiroPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
-Rio Grande do SulPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
-Sao PauloPresentIntroducedCIE, 1963
ChilePresentIntroduced
PeruPresentIntroducedMallqui and Cobián, 2011
UruguayPresentIntroduced Not invasive

Europe

AustriaPresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
BelgiumWidespreadNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
BulgariaWidespreadNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
CroatiaPresentNative Not invasive Igrc, 1990
CyprusPresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
Czech RepublicPresentNative Not invasive Konecny, 1995
Czechoslovakia (former)PresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
DenmarkPresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963; Hansen, 1995
FinlandPresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
FranceWidespreadNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
-CorsicaPresentNative Not invasive
GermanyWidespreadNative Not invasive Klug and Meyhofer, 2003
GreeceWidespreadNative Not invasive CIE, 1963; Lykouressis and Tsitsipis, 1987
HungaryWidespreadNative Not invasive CIE, 1963; Kuroli and Nemeth, 1987; Basky, 2014
IcelandPresentNative Not invasive
IrelandPresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
ItalyWidespreadNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
-SardiniaPresentNative Not invasive
-SicilyPresentNative Not invasive Liotta, 1983
LatviaPresentNative Not invasive Damroze, 1989
LithuaniaPresentNative Not invasive Tamosiunas, 1995
MaltaPresentNative Not invasive
MontenegroPresentRadonjic and Hrncic, 2011
NetherlandsWidespreadNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
NorwayPresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
PolandWidespreadNative Not invasive CIE, 1963; Chikh, 1995
PortugalPresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
-MadeiraPresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
RomaniaWidespreadNative Not invasive CIE, 1963; Ioan et al., 1987
Russian FederationWidespreadNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
-Russian Far EastWidespreadNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
SerbiaPresentMitrovic, 2006
SlovakiaPresentNative Not invasive Barta and Cagán, 2002
SloveniaPresentNative Not invasive Pajmon, 1997
SpainWidespreadNative Not invasive CIE, 1963; Duenas and Ovilo, 1990
SwedenPresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
SwitzerlandPresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
UKWidespreadNative Not invasive CIE, 1963; Leather, 1992
-Channel IslandsPresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
UkrainePresentNative Not invasive Fedorenko, 1992
Yugoslavia (former)PresentNative Not invasive CIE, 1963
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)PresentNative Not invasive

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Inflorescence / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Whole plant / dwarfing
Whole plant / external feeding
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Adalia bipunctata Predator Adults/Eggs/Nymphs
Agonum dorsale Predator Adults/Nymphs
Allothrombium pulvinus Parasite Nymphs
Alloxysta brevis Parasite Nymphs
Alloxysta pleuralis Parasite Nymphs
Anisosticta novemdecimpunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Anthocoris gallarumulmi Predator Adults/Nymphs
Anthocoris nemorum Predator Adults/Nymphs
Aphelinus abdominalis Parasite Adults/Nymphs France
Aphelinus chaonia Parasite Adults/Nymphs France
Aphidencyrtus aphidivorus Parasite Nymphs
Aphidius colemani Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius matricariae Parasite Nymphs
Aphidoletes aphidimyza Predator Adults/Nymphs
Asaphidion flavipes Predator Adults/Nymphs
Brinckochrysa nachoi Predator Adults/Nymphs
Brinckochrysa stenoptera Predator Adults/Nymphs
Carabidae Predator Nymphs
Ceratochrysa antica Predator Adults/Nymphs
Cheilomenes sexmaculata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Cheilomenes sulphurea Predator Adults/Nymphs
Chrysopa pallens Predator Adults/Nymphs
Chrysoperla carnea Predator Adults/Nymphs Finland; USA; USSR
Chrysoperla plorabunda Predator Nymphs
Coccinella novemnotata Predator Adults/Nymphs Iraq Vicia faba
Coccinella septempunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Coccinella transversalis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Coccinella undecimpunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Coccinula quatuordecimpustulata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Conidiobolus coronatus Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Conidiobolus obscurus Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Conidiobolus thromboides Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Predator Adults/Nymphs
Cybocephalus micans Predator Adults/Nymphs
Cycloneda limbifer Predator Adults/Nymphs
Diaeretiella rapae Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Ephedrus persicae Parasite Adults/Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Ephedrus plagiator Parasite Nymphs
Epistrophe nitidicollis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Episyrphus balteatus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Erynia neoaphidis Pathogen Adults/Nymphs Netherlands Vicia faba
Erynia nouryi Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Eupeodes corollae Predator Adults/Nymphs
Geocoris punctipes Predator Adults/Nymphs
Hippodamia undecimnotata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Hippodamia variegata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Lasiophthicus pyrastri Predator Adults/Nymphs
Lecanicillium lecanii Pathogen Adults/Nymphs Argentina lemons; oranges
Leucopis fiorii Predator Adults/Nymphs Italy Arctium lappa
Leucopis glyphinivora Predator Adults/Nymphs Italy Vicia faba
Leucopis ninae Predator Adults/Nymphs
Lipolexis gracilis Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Lipolexis scutellaris Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Lysiphlebus cardui Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Lysiphlebus confusus Parasite Adults/Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Lysiphlebus fabarum Parasite Nymphs Czechoslovakia; Morocco Ammi majus; Arctium; Cirsium arvense
Lysiphlebus safavii Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Lysiphlebus testaceipes Parasite Nymphs
Mallada boninensis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Melanostoma mellinum Predator Adults/Nymphs
Melanostoma scalare Predator Adults/Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Monoctonus mali Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Neozygites fresenii Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Neozygites lageniformis Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Oenopia kirbyi Predator Adults/Nymphs
Paragus bicolor Predator Adults/Nymphs
Paragus tibialis Predator Adults/Nymphs India Rumex nepalensis
Phaenoglyphis villosa Parasite Nymphs
Pipiza quadrimaculata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Platynaspis capicola Predator Adults/Nymphs
Platynaspis luteorubra Predator Adults/Nymphs
Praon abjectum Parasite Nymphs
Praon dorsale Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Praon volucre Parasite Nymphs
Propylea quatuordecimpunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Pterostichus melanarius Predator Adults/Nymphs
Scaeva albomaculata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Scaeva pyrastri Predator Adults/Nymphs
Scymnus interruptus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Sphaerophoria menthrasti Predator Adults/Nymphs
Sphaerophoria scripta Predator Adults/Nymphs
Synharmonia lyncea Predator Adults/Nymphs
Syrphus ribesii Predator Adults/Nymphs
Trioxys angelicae Parasite Nymphs
Trioxys indicus Parasite Adults/Nymphs

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Fruits (inc. pods) adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

Wood Packaging

Top of page
Wood Packaging not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Loose wood packing material
Non-wood
Processed or treated wood
Solid wood packing material with bark
Solid wood packing material without bark

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map