Invasive Species Compendium

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Datasheet

Aphis fabae
(black bean aphid)

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Datasheet

Aphis fabae (black bean aphid)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Aphis fabae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • black bean aphid
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • The main means of dispersal of A. fabae sensu stricto (s.str.) is through migratory flight. It is highly polyphagous, with many wild species potentially acting as reservoirs for crop infestation. However, A. fabae s.str. has a heteroecious and holocy...
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Alate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
TitleAlate virginoparae
CaptionAlate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
CopyrightStephen Nottingham
Alate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
Alate virginoparaeAlate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.Stephen Nottingham
Apterous virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
TitleApterous virginoparae
CaptionApterous virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
CopyrightStephen Nottingham
Apterous virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
Apterous virginoparaeApterous virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.Stephen Nottingham
Alate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
TitleAlate virginoparae
CaptionAlate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
CopyrightStephen Nottingham
Alate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
Alate virginoparaeAlate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.Stephen Nottingham

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Aphis fabae Scopoli

Preferred Common Name

  • black bean aphid

Other Scientific Names

  • Anuraphis cynariella Theobald, 1924
  • Aphis abietaria Walker, 1852
  • Aphis acanthi Schrank, 1801
  • Aphis addita Walker, 1849
  • Aphis adducta Walker, 1849
  • Aphis advena Walker, 1849
  • Aphis aparines Fabricius, 1775
  • Aphis aparinis Blanchard, 1940
  • Aphis apii Theobald, 1925
  • Aphis apocyni Koch, 1854
  • Aphis atriplicis Fabricius, 1775 nec Linnaeus, 1758
  • Aphis bazzii Blanchard, 1923
  • Aphis brevisiphona Theobald, 1913
  • Aphis cardui var. naumburgensis Franssen, 1927
  • Aphis castanea Koch, 1872
  • Aphis chaerophylii Koch, 1854
  • Aphis cirsina Ferrari, 1872
  • Aphis compositae Theobald, 1915
  • Aphis dahliae Mosley, 1841
  • Aphis dusmeti Gomez Menor, 1950 (part.)
  • Aphis erecta del Guercio, 1911
  • Aphis eryngii Blanchard, 1923
  • Aphis euonymi auctt. prior to 1950 nec Fabricius, 1775
  • Aphis euonymi Börner
  • Aphis fabae Blanchard, 1840
  • Aphis hortensis Fabricius, 1781
  • Aphis indistincta Walker, 1849
  • Aphis inducta Walker, 1849
  • Aphis insularis Blanchard, 1923
  • Aphis neoreticulata Theobald, 1927
  • Aphis papaveris Fabricius, 1781
  • Aphis philadelphi Börner, 1921
  • Aphis phlomoidea del Guerico, 1911
  • Aphis polyanthis Passerini, 1863 nec J.F. Gmelin, 1790
  • Aphis reticulata Theobald, 1922 nec Wilson, 1915
  • Aphis rumicis auctt. prior to 1930 nec Linnaeus
  • Aphis serratulae Schrank, 1801
  • Aphis silybi Passerini, 1861
  • Aphis sinensis del Guercio, 1900
  • Aphis solanella Theobald, 1914
  • Aphis solanophilus Blanchard, 1923
  • Aphis thlaspeos Schrank, 1801
  • Aphis translata Walker, 1849
  • Aphis tuberosae Boyer de Fonscolombe, 1841
  • Aphis valerianina del Guercio, 1911
  • Aphis watsoni Theobald, 1929
  • Doralis fabae Scopoli, 1763
  • Doralis papaveris Fabricius, 1781
  • Myzus roseum Macchiati, 1881
  • Myzus rubrum del Guercio, 1900

International Common Names

  • English: bean aphid; blackfly
  • Spanish: afido negro del frijol; piojo del frijol; pulgón de la haba; pulgón de los frijoles; pulgón del haba; pulgón negro de las habas; pulgón negro de las habas y las judias; pulgón negro de las judias
  • French: puceron du haricot; puceron noir; puceron noir de la betterave; puceron noir de la feve; puceron noir des fèves
  • Portuguese: piolho da fava; piolho negro; piolhonegro da fava; pulgao da fava

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: bedebladlus; bedelus
  • Finland: juurikaskirva
  • Germany: Rübenblattlaus; Schwarze Bohenlaus; Schwarze Bohnenblattlaus; Schwarze Rübenblattlaus
  • Iran: schatte tschoghondar (sijah)
  • Israel: knimat hapol
  • Italy: afide delle fave; afide nero della fava; afido nero; pidocchio delle fave
  • Netherlands: bonenbladluis; zwarte bonenluis
  • Norway: betebladlus; bonnebladlus
  • Sweden: betbladlus; bönbladlus
  • Turkey: bakla yaprak biti

EPPO code

  • APHIFA (Aphis fabae)
  • APHIFS (Aphis solanella)

Summary of Invasiveness

Top of page The main means of dispersal of A. fabae sensu stricto (s.str.) is through migratory flight. It is highly polyphagous, with many wild species potentially acting as reservoirs for crop infestation. However, A. fabae s.str. has a heteroecious and holocyclic life-cycle, requiring the presence of the overwintering host Euonymous europaeus in order to become established in new areas. Holocyclic populations of A. fabae, especially the subspecies A. fabae solanella (often considered a separate species), have greater potential to become invasive, particularly in sub-tropical and tropical regions. However, there is little evidence to suggest that A. fabae is currently invasive.

The aphid can also be carried in trade on planting material and some vegetable products.

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Aphidoidea
  •                                 Family: Aphididae
  •                                     Genus: Aphis
  •                                         Species: Aphis fabae

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentIntroducedLaamari and Akal (2002)
BurundiPresentIntroducedAutrique et al. (1989)
CameroonPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
Congo, Republic of thePresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
Côte d'IvoirePresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
EgyptPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963); Semeada et al. (2004)
EthiopiaPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
KenyaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
LibyaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
MalawiPresentIntroducedMchowa et al. (1994)
MauritiusPresentIntroducedMamet (1986)
MoroccoPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
NigerPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
NigeriaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
South AfricaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
SudanPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
TanzaniaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963); CABI (Undated)
TunisiaPresentIntroducedHalima-Kamel and Hamouda (1993)
UgandaPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
ZimbabwePresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)

Asia

AfghanistanPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963); CABI (Undated)
ChinaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-GansuPresentLiu JinPing et al. (2005)
-HebeiPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-JiangsuPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-ShanxiPresentIntroducedZheng and Tang (1989)
-ZhejiangPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
GeorgiaPresentIntroducedGiorgadze et al. (1988)
Hong KongPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
IndiaPresentIntroducedGhosh (1975)
-Arunachal PradeshPresentIntroducedGhosh (1975)
-AssamPresentIntroducedGhosh (1975)
-Himachal PradeshPresentIntroducedGhosh (1975); Bhardwaj et al. (1993)
-Jammu and KashmirPresentKhan and Zaki (2008)
-KeralaPresentIntroducedLyla et al. (1987)
-ManipurPresentIntroducedGhosh (1975)
-MeghalayaPresentIntroducedGhosh (1975)
-SikkimPresentIntroducedGhosh (1975)
-TripuraPresentIntroducedDas (1988)
-Uttar PradeshPresentIntroducedGhosh (1975); CABI (Undated)
-West BengalPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963); Ghosh (1975)
IranPresent, WidespreadIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
IraqPresent, WidespreadIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963); CABI (Undated)
IsraelPresent, WidespreadIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
JapanPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-HokkaidoPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-HonshuPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-KyushuPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-ShikokuPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
JordanPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
KazakhstanPresentIntroducedLoebenstein and Manadilova (2003)
KyrgyzstanPresentIntroducedLoebenstein and Manadilova (2003)
LebanonPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
MalaysiaPresentIntroducedNg Sook Ming (1978)
NepalPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
PakistanPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
PhilippinesPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
South KoreaPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
Sri LankaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
SyriaPresentIntroducedWeigand (1990)
TaiwanPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
TajikistanPresentIntroducedLoebenstein and Manadilova (2003)
TurkeyPresentIntroducedAslan and Uygun (2005); CABI (Undated)
TurkmenistanPresentIntroducedLoebenstein and Manadilova (2003)
UzbekistanPresentIntroducedLoebenstein and Manadilova (2003)
YemenPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)

Europe

AustriaPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
BelgiumPresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
BulgariaPresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
CroatiaPresentNativeIgrc (1990)
CyprusPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963); CABI (Undated)
CzechiaPresentNativeKonečný (1995)
CzechoslovakiaPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
DenmarkPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963); Hansen (1995)
FinlandPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
FrancePresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1963); CABI (Undated)
-CorsicaPresentNativeCABI (Undated b)
GermanyPresent, WidespreadNativeKlug and Meyhöfer (2003)
GreecePresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1963); Lykouressis and Tsitsipis (1987)
HungaryPresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1963); Kuroli and Németh (1987); Basky (2014)
IcelandPresentNativeCABI (Undated b)
IrelandPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
ItalyPresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
-SardiniaPresentNativeCABI (Undated b)
-SicilyPresentNativeLiotta (1983)
LatviaPresentNativeDamroze (1989)
LithuaniaPresentNativeTamošiu¯nas (1995)
MaltaPresentNativeCABI (Undated b)
MontenegroPresentRadonjić and Hrnčić (2011)
NetherlandsPresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
NorwayPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
PolandPresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1963); CABI (Undated)
PortugalPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
-MadeiraPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963); CABI (Undated)
RomaniaPresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1963); Ioan et al. (1987)
RussiaPresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
-Russian Far EastPresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
SerbiaPresentMitrović (2006)
Serbia and MontenegroPresentNativeCABI (Undated b)
SlovakiaPresentNativeBarta and Cagáň (2002)
SloveniaPresentNativePajmon (1997)
SpainPresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1963); Dueñas and Ovilo (1990)
-Canary IslandsPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963); CABI (Undated)
SwedenPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
SwitzerlandPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963)
UkrainePresentNativeFedorenko (1992)
United KingdomPresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1963); Leather (1992)
-Channel IslandsPresentNativeUK, CAB International (1963)

North America

BermudaPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba
-SabaPresentCABI (Undated b)
CanadaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-AlbertaPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
-British ColumbiaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-ManitobaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-New BrunswickPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-Nova ScotiaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-OntarioPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-QuebecPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
MexicoPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
Puerto RicoPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
United StatesPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-AlabamaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-AlaskaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-CaliforniaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963); Kirk et al. (1991)
-ColoradoPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-ConnecticutPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-DelawarePresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-FloridaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963); Stoetzel (1990)
-GeorgiaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-HawaiiPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-IdahoPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-MarylandPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-MichiganPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-NebraskaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-NevadaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-New JerseyPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-New YorkPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963); Tingey and Lamont (1988)
-North CarolinaPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
-OhioPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
-OregonPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-PennsylvaniaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-South CarolinaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-TexasPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-UtahPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-VirginiaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-WashingtonPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-WisconsinPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-WyomingPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)

South America

ArgentinaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
BrazilPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-BahiaPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-CearaPresentIntroducedBezerra et al. (1995)
-Minas GeraisPresentIntroducedCarvalho et al. (2002); CABI (Undated)
-Rio de JaneiroPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-Rio Grande do SulPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
-Sao PauloPresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1963)
ChilePresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)
PeruPresentIntroducedMallqui and Cobián (2011)
UruguayPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated b)

Distribution References

Aslan M M, Uygun N, 2005. Aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) of Kahramanmara? Province, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology. 29 (3), 201-209.

Autrique A, Starý P, Ntahimpera L, 1989. Biological control of pest aphids by hymenopterous parasitoids in Burundi. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin. 37 (2), 71-76.

Barta M, Cagáň L, 2002. Prevalence of natural fungal mortality of black bean aphid, Aphis fabae Scopoli on primary host and two secondary hosts. Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica. 5 (3), 57-64.

Basky Z, 2014. First report of aphids on Greater Pasque Flower (Pulsatilla grandis Wender., 1831) from Hungary. (Első hazai adatok a leánykökörcsinen élő levéltetűfajokról.). Növényvédelem. 50 (1), 3-7.

Bezerra D R, Lima J A A, Xavier Filho J, 1995. Purification and characterization of an isolate of passionfruit woodiness potyvirus. (Purificação e caracterização de um isolado cearense do vírus do endurecimento dos frutos do maracujazeiro.). Fitopatologia Brasileira. 20 (4), 553-560.

Bhardwaj S V, Anil Handa, Vaid M K, 1993. Occurrence and serology of a mosaic disease of faba bean in Himachal Pradesh, India. FABIS Newsletter. 27-30.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Carvalho L M de, Bueno V H P, Martinez R P, 2002. Alate aphids survey on vegetable crops in Lavras (MG). (Levantamento de afídeos alados em plantas hortícolas em Lavras-MG.). Ciência e Agrotecnologia. 26 (3), 523-532.

Damroze I, 1989. Results of 20-year investigations of the distribution of aphid vectors of viruses of major agricultural crops. Trudy Latviĭskoĭ Sel'skokhozyaĭstvennoĭ Akademii. 47-55.

Das B B, 1988. Insects pests of potato and their control in Tripura. Indian Journal of Entomology. 50 (3), 298-301.

Dueñas E, Ovilo I, 1990. Trapping of aphids in a sugarbeet crop. (Trampeo de áfidos en el cultivo de la remolacha.). Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas. 16 (1), 71-79.

Fedorenko V P, 1992. Control of numbers of the black bean aphid. Zashchita Rasteniĭ (Moskva). 46-47.

Ghosh AK, 1975. Aphids of economic importance in India., Calcutta, India: The Agricultural Society of India.

Giorgadze R D, Nikolaĭshvili A A, Dzimistarishvili N B, 1988. Cucumber mosaic virus on pink Catharanthus. Subtropicheskie Kul'tury. 132-135.

Halima-Kamel M B B, Hamouda M H B, 1993. Aphids from protected crops and their enemies in Tunisia. (Les pucerons des cultures protégées et leurs ennemis en Tunisie.). Tropicultura. 11 (2), 50-53.

Hansen LM, 1995. (Bladlus - det nationale skadedyr i Danmark. (Aphids - the national pest in Denmark)). [12th Danish Plant Protection Conference, Pests and Diseases. Rapport Statens Planteavlsforsog], 115-128.

Igrc J, 1990. Investigations of the presence and control of vectors of barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) in Croatia. (Istraživanja prisutnosti i suzbijanja prenosilaca virusa patuljastog žutila ječma (BYDV) u Hrvatskoj.). Zaštita Bilja. 41 (4), 359-377.

Ioan M I, Mirică A I, Timotei P S, 1987. Record of two species of aphid pests of grapevine. (Semnalarea a două spech de afide dăunătoare la vita de vie.). Buletinul de Protecția Plantelor. 15-17.

Khan A A, Zaki F A, 2008. Predatory response of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) feeding on the Euonymus aphid, Aphis fabae solanella Theobald (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Kashmir. Journal of Biological Control. 22 (1), 149-154.

Kirk M, Temple S R, Summers C G, Wilson L T, 1991. Transmission efficiencies of field-collected aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) vectors of beet yellows virus. Journal of Economic Entomology. 84 (2), 638-643. DOI:10.1093/jee/84.2.638

Klug T, Meyhöfer R, 2003. Insect pests in spinach crops. (Schadinsekten in Spinatbeständen.). Gemüse (München). 39 (3), 20-22.

Konečný I, 1995. Sugarbeet pests during the vegetative period. (Škůdci cukrovky během vegetace.). Listy Cukrovarnické a Řepařské. 111 (5), 149-150.

Kuroli G, Németh I, 1987. Examination of swarming and changing of the population of aphid species on winter wheat, maize, broad bean, potato and sugar beet in west Hungary. (A levéltetvek rajzásának és egyedszámváltozásának vizssgálata Nyugat-Magyarországon ószi búzan, kukoricácan, takarmánybabon, burgonyán és cukorrépán 1986-ban). A Mosonmagyaróvári Mezőgazdaságtudományi Kar Közleményei. 29 (1), 133-152.

Laamari M, Akal Y, 2002. Aphids population dynamics and the rate of virus diseases in potato fields in the Setif Region of Algeria. Arab Journal of Plant Protection. 20 (2), 111-117.

Leather S R, 1992. Aspects of aphid overwintering (Homoptera: Aphidinea: Aphididae). Entomologia Generalis. 17 (2), 101-113.

Liotta G, 1983. Biological notes on Aphelinus chaonia Walker (Hymenoptera - Aphelinidae). (Note biologiche su Aphelinus chaonia Walker (Hymenoptera - Aphelinidae).). In: Atti XIII Congresso Nazionale Italiano di Entomologia. [Atti XIII Congresso Nazionale Italiano di Entomologia.], Turin, Italy: Istituto di Entomologia Agraria e Apicoltura, Università di Torino. 333-339.

Liu JinPing, Zhang XinQuan, Liu Jin, Zhang XiaoQin, 2005. Study on methods for controlling aphis in commercial lucerne production. Pratacultural Science. 22 (10), 74-77.

Loebenstein G, Manadilova A, 2003. Potatoes in the Central Asian Republics. In: Virus and virus-like diseases of major crops in developing countries. [ed. by Loebenstein G, Thottappilly G]. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 195-222.

Lykouressis D P, Tsitsipis J A, 1987. Present status of aphids in Greece with emphasis on cereal aphids. In: Aphid migration and forecasting 'Euraphid' systems in European Community countries. [Aphid migration and forecasting 'Euraphid' systems in European Community countries.], Luxembourg: Commission of the European Communities. 21-34.

Lyla K R, Joy P J, Abraham C C, 1987. Insect pests of Chromolaena odorata (=Eupatorium odoratum). Agricultural Research Journal of Kerala. 25 (2), 302-304.

Mallqui K V, Cobián C V, 2011. Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) at the Callejón de Huaylas - Ancash, Perú. (Los áfidos (Hemiptera: Aphididae) en el Callejón de Huaylas - Ancash, Perú.). Ecología Aplicada. 10 (2), 93-98. http://www.lamolina.edu.pe/ecolapl/Articulo_11_No2_Vol_10.pdf

Mamet J R, 1986. Notes on some vegetable and fruit crops. (Notes sur quelques cultures potagères et fruitières.). Revue Agricole et Sucrière de l'Île Maurice. 65 (1), 13-26.

Mchowa JW, Ngugi DN, Maghembe JA, 1994. Pest complex in agroforestry systems: the Malawi experience. In: Special Issue: Agroforestry research in the African miombo ecozone [Proceedings of a regional conference on agroforestry research in the African miombo ecozone held in Lilongwe, Malawi, 16-22 June 1991], 64 Forest Ecology and Management. 2-3.

Mitrović M, 2006. Production and protection of watermelon. (Proizvodnja i zaštita lubenice.). Glasnik Zaštite Bilja. 29 (6), 48-60. http://www.zastitabilja.com.hr

Ng Sook Ming, 1978. Effectiveness of coccinellid predators in the control of Aphis fabae Scop. In: Amin, L. L.; Kadir, A. A. S. A.; Lim Guan Soon; Singh, K. G.; Tan Ah Moy; Varghese, G. (Editors). : Aziz S. A. Kadir, A.; Guan Soon, Lim; Soon, Lim Guan; Ah Moy, Tan; Moy, Tan Ah: Proceedings of the Plant Protection Conference, 1978, Kuala Lumpur. A report of the Proceedings of the Plant Protection Conference, 1978 held in Kuala Lumpur from 22 to 25 March, 1978 organised by the Malaysian Plant Protection Society and the Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia. [Amin, L. L.; Kadir, A. A. S. A.; Lim Guan Soon; Singh, K. G.; Tan Ah Moy; Varghese, G. (Editors). : Aziz S. A. Kadir, A.; Guan Soon, Lim; Soon, Lim Guan; Ah Moy, Tan; Moy, Tan Ah: Proceedings of the Plant Protection Conference, 1978, Kuala Lumpur. A repor], Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia. 148-164.

Pajmon A, 1997. Appearance of aphids in seed potato crops. (Razširjenost listnih uši v nasadih semenskega krompirja.). Sodobno Kmetijstvo. 30 (2), 75-78.

Radonjić S, Hrnčić S, 2011. An overview of invasive species on vegetables in greenhouses in southern part of Montenegro. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin. 153-157. http://www.iobc-wprs.org/pub/bulletins/bulletin_2011_68_table_of_contents_abstracts.pdf

Semeada AM, Ismail II, Abdel-Salam SA, 2004. Host range and population density of Aphis fabae Scop. in Sinai Governorates, Egypt. [Aphids in a new millennium Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Aphids, September 2001, Rennes, France], 171-175.

Stoetzel M B, 1990. Some aphids of importance to the Southeastern United States (Homoptera: Aphididae). In: Florida Entomologist, 73 (4) 580-586. DOI:10.2307/3495272

Tamošiu¯nas K, 1995. Faba bean pest control methods. (Pašariniutail˜ puputail˜ apsaugos nuo kenkėjutail˜ bu¯dai.). Lietuvos Zemdirbystes Instituto Mokslo Darbai, Zemdirbyste. 97-104.

Tingey W M, Lamont W J Jr, 1988. Insect abundance in field beans altered by intercropping. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 78 (3), 527-535. DOI:10.1017/S0007485300013274

UK, CAB International, 1963. Aphis fabae. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 174.

Weigand S, 1990. Development of an integrated pest management system in food legumes in the Icarda region. In: Proceedings: Integrated Pest Management in Tropical and Subtropical Cropping Systems '89 [Proceedings: Integrated Pest Management in Tropical and Subtropical Cropping Systems '89], Frankfurt, Germany: Deutsche Landwirtschafts-Gesellschaft. 53-76.

Zheng Y S, Tang B S, 1989. Field releases and recovery of an introduced aphid parasitoid, Lysiphlebus testaceipes (Hym.: Braconidae) in Shaanxi. Chinese Journal of Biological Control. 5 (2), 68-70.

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Inflorescence / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Whole plant / dwarfing
Whole plant / external feeding
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Adalia bipunctata Predator Adults/Eggs/Nymphs
Agonum dorsale Predator Adults/Nymphs
Allothrombium pulvinus Parasite Nymphs
Alloxysta brevis Parasite Nymphs
Alloxysta pleuralis Parasite Nymphs
Anisosticta novemdecimpunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Anthocoris gallarumulmi Predator Adults/Nymphs
Anthocoris nemorum Predator Adults/Nymphs
Aphelinus abdominalis Parasite Adults/Nymphs France
Aphelinus chaonia Parasite Adults/Nymphs France
Aphidencyrtus aphidivorus Parasite Nymphs
Aphidius colemani Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius matricariae Parasite Nymphs
Aphidoletes aphidimyza Predator Adults/Nymphs
Asaphidion flavipes Predator Adults/Nymphs
Brinckochrysa nachoi Predator Adults/Nymphs
Brinckochrysa stenoptera Predator Adults/Nymphs
Carabidae Predator Nymphs
Ceratochrysa antica Predator Adults/Nymphs
Cheilomenes sexmaculata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Cheilomenes sulphurea Predator Adults/Nymphs
Chrysopa pallens Predator Adults/Nymphs
Chrysoperla carnea Predator Adults/Nymphs Finland; USA; USSR
Chrysoperla plorabunda Predator Nymphs
Coccinella novemnotata Predator Adults/Nymphs Iraq Vicia faba
Coccinella septempunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Coccinella transversalis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Coccinella undecimpunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Coccinula quatuordecimpustulata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Conidiobolus coronatus Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Conidiobolus obscurus Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Conidiobolus thromboides Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Predator Adults/Nymphs
Cybocephalus micans Predator Adults/Nymphs
Cycloneda limbifer Predator Adults/Nymphs
Diaeretiella rapae Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Ephedrus persicae Parasite Adults/Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Ephedrus plagiator Parasite Nymphs
Epistrophe nitidicollis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Episyrphus balteatus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Erynia neoaphidis Pathogen Adults/Nymphs Netherlands Vicia faba
Erynia nouryi Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Eupeodes corollae Predator Adults/Nymphs
Geocoris punctipes Predator Adults/Nymphs
Hippodamia undecimnotata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Hippodamia variegata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Lasiophthicus pyrastri Predator Adults/Nymphs
Lecanicillium lecanii Pathogen Adults/Nymphs Argentina lemons; oranges
Leucopis fiorii Predator Adults/Nymphs Italy Arctium lappa
Leucopis glyphinivora Predator Adults/Nymphs Italy Vicia faba
Leucopis ninae Predator Adults/Nymphs
Lipolexis gracilis Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Lipolexis scutellaris Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Lysiphlebus cardui Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Lysiphlebus confusus Parasite Adults/Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Lysiphlebus fabarum Parasite Nymphs Czechoslovakia; Morocco Ammi majus; Arctium; Cirsium arvense
Lysiphlebus safavii Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Lysiphlebus testaceipes Parasite Nymphs
Mallada boninensis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Melanostoma mellinum Predator Adults/Nymphs
Melanostoma scalare Predator Adults/Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Monoctonus mali Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Neozygites fresenii Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Neozygites lageniformis Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Oenopia kirbyi Predator Adults/Nymphs
Paragus bicolor Predator Adults/Nymphs
Paragus tibialis Predator Adults/Nymphs India Rumex nepalensis
Phaenoglyphis villosa Parasite Nymphs
Pipiza quadrimaculata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Platynaspis capicola Predator Adults/Nymphs
Platynaspis luteorubra Predator Adults/Nymphs
Praon abjectum Parasite Nymphs
Praon dorsale Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Praon volucre Parasite Nymphs
Propylea quatuordecimpunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Pterostichus melanarius Predator Adults/Nymphs
Scaeva albomaculata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Scaeva pyrastri Predator Adults/Nymphs
Scymnus interruptus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Sphaerophoria menthrasti Predator Adults/Nymphs
Sphaerophoria scripta Predator Adults/Nymphs
Synharmonia lyncea Predator Adults/Nymphs
Syrphus ribesii Predator Adults/Nymphs
Trioxys angelicae Parasite Nymphs
Trioxys indicus Parasite Adults/Nymphs

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Fruits (inc. pods) adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

Wood Packaging

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Wood Packaging not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Loose wood packing material
Non-wood
Processed or treated wood
Solid wood packing material with bark
Solid wood packing material without bark

Distribution Maps

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