Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Aphis fabae
(black bean aphid)

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Datasheet

Aphis fabae (black bean aphid)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Aphis fabae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • black bean aphid
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • The main means of dispersal of A. fabae sensu stricto (s.str.) is through migratory flight. It is highly polyphagous, with many wild species potentially acting as reservoirs for crop infestation. However, A. fabae s.str. has a heteroecious and holocy...
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Alate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
TitleAlate virginoparae
CaptionAlate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
CopyrightStephen Nottingham
Alate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
Alate virginoparaeAlate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.Stephen Nottingham
Apterous virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
TitleApterous virginoparae
CaptionApterous virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
CopyrightStephen Nottingham
Apterous virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
Apterous virginoparaeApterous virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.Stephen Nottingham
Alate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
TitleAlate virginoparae
CaptionAlate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
CopyrightStephen Nottingham
Alate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.
Alate virginoparaeAlate virginoparae of A. fabae on bean seedling.Stephen Nottingham

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Aphis fabae Scopoli

Preferred Common Name

  • black bean aphid

Other Scientific Names

  • Anuraphis cynariella Theobald, 1924
  • Aphis abietaria Walker, 1852
  • Aphis acanthi Schrank, 1801
  • Aphis addita Walker, 1849
  • Aphis adducta Walker, 1849
  • Aphis advena Walker, 1849
  • Aphis aparines Fabricius, 1775
  • Aphis aparinis Blanchard, 1940
  • Aphis apii Theobald, 1925
  • Aphis apocyni Koch, 1854
  • Aphis atriplicis Fabricius, 1775 nec Linnaeus, 1758
  • Aphis bazzii Blanchard, 1923
  • Aphis brevisiphona Theobald, 1913
  • Aphis cardui var. naumburgensis Franssen, 1927
  • Aphis castanea Koch, 1872
  • Aphis chaerophylii Koch, 1854
  • Aphis cirsina Ferrari, 1872
  • Aphis compositae Theobald, 1915
  • Aphis dahliae Mosley, 1841
  • Aphis dusmeti Gomez Menor, 1950 (part.)
  • Aphis erecta del Guercio, 1911
  • Aphis eryngii Blanchard, 1923
  • Aphis euonymi auctt. prior to 1950 nec Fabricius, 1775
  • Aphis euonymi Börner
  • Aphis fabae Blanchard, 1840
  • Aphis hortensis Fabricius, 1781
  • Aphis indistincta Walker, 1849
  • Aphis inducta Walker, 1849
  • Aphis insularis Blanchard, 1923
  • Aphis neoreticulata Theobald, 1927
  • Aphis papaveris Fabricius, 1781
  • Aphis philadelphi Börner, 1921
  • Aphis phlomoidea del Guerico, 1911
  • Aphis polyanthis Passerini, 1863 nec J.F. Gmelin, 1790
  • Aphis reticulata Theobald, 1922 nec Wilson, 1915
  • Aphis rumicis auctt. prior to 1930 nec Linnaeus
  • Aphis serratulae Schrank, 1801
  • Aphis silybi Passerini, 1861
  • Aphis sinensis del Guercio, 1900
  • Aphis solanella Theobald, 1914
  • Aphis solanophilus Blanchard, 1923
  • Aphis thlaspeos Schrank, 1801
  • Aphis translata Walker, 1849
  • Aphis tuberosae Boyer de Fonscolombe, 1841
  • Aphis valerianina del Guercio, 1911
  • Aphis watsoni Theobald, 1929
  • Doralis fabae Scopoli, 1763
  • Doralis papaveris Fabricius, 1781
  • Myzus roseum Macchiati, 1881
  • Myzus rubrum del Guercio, 1900

International Common Names

  • English: bean aphid; blackfly
  • Spanish: afido negro del frijol; piojo del frijol; pulgón de la haba; pulgón de los frijoles; pulgón del haba; pulgón negro de las habas; pulgón negro de las habas y las judias; pulgón negro de las judias
  • French: puceron du haricot; puceron noir; puceron noir de la betterave; puceron noir de la feve; puceron noir des fèves
  • Portuguese: piolho da fava; piolho negro; piolhonegro da fava; pulgao da fava

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: bedebladlus; bedelus
  • Finland: juurikaskirva
  • Germany: Rübenblattlaus; Schwarze Bohenlaus; Schwarze Bohnenblattlaus; Schwarze Rübenblattlaus
  • Iran: schatte tschoghondar (sijah)
  • Israel: knimat hapol
  • Italy: afide delle fave; afide nero della fava; afido nero; pidocchio delle fave
  • Netherlands: bonenbladluis; zwarte bonenluis
  • Norway: betebladlus; bonnebladlus
  • Sweden: betbladlus; bönbladlus
  • Turkey: bakla yaprak biti

EPPO code

  • APHIFA (Aphis fabae)
  • APHIFS (Aphis solanella)

Summary of Invasiveness

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The main means of dispersal of A. fabae sensu stricto (s.str.) is through migratory flight. It is highly polyphagous, with many wild species potentially acting as reservoirs for crop infestation. However, A. fabae s.str. has a heteroecious and holocyclic life-cycle, requiring the presence of the overwintering host Euonymous europaeus in order to become established in new areas. Holocyclic populations of A. fabae, especially the subspecies A. fabae solanella (often considered a separate species), have greater potential to become invasive, particularly in sub-tropical and tropical regions. However, there is little evidence to suggest that A. fabae is currently invasive.

The aphid can also be carried in trade on planting material and some vegetable products.

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Aphidoidea
  •                                 Family: Aphididae
  •                                     Genus: Aphis
  •                                         Species: Aphis fabae

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentIntroduced
BurundiPresentIntroduced
CameroonPresentIntroduced
Congo, Republic of thePresentIntroduced
Côte d'IvoirePresentIntroduced
EgyptPresentIntroduced
EthiopiaPresentIntroduced
KenyaPresentIntroduced
LibyaPresentIntroduced
MalawiPresentIntroduced
MauritiusPresentIntroduced
MoroccoPresentIntroduced
NigerPresentIntroduced
NigeriaPresentIntroduced
South AfricaPresentIntroduced
SudanPresentIntroduced
TanzaniaPresentIntroduced
TunisiaPresentIntroduced
UgandaPresentIntroduced
ZimbabwePresentIntroduced

Asia

AfghanistanPresentIntroduced
ChinaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-GansuPresent
-HebeiPresentIntroduced
-JiangsuPresentIntroduced
-ShanxiPresentIntroduced
-ZhejiangPresentIntroduced
GeorgiaPresentIntroduced
Hong KongPresentIntroduced
IndiaPresentIntroduced
-Arunachal PradeshPresentIntroduced
-AssamPresentIntroduced
-Himachal PradeshPresentIntroduced
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-KeralaPresentIntroduced
-ManipurPresentIntroduced
-MeghalayaPresentIntroduced
-PunjabPresent
-SikkimPresentIntroduced
-TripuraPresentIntroduced
-Uttar PradeshPresentIntroduced
-West BengalPresentIntroduced
IndonesiaPresent
IranPresent, WidespreadIntroduced
IraqPresent, WidespreadIntroduced
IsraelPresent, WidespreadIntroduced
JapanPresentIntroduced
-HokkaidoPresentIntroduced
-HonshuPresentIntroduced
-KyushuPresentIntroduced
-ShikokuPresentIntroduced
JordanPresentIntroduced
KazakhstanPresentIntroduced
KyrgyzstanPresentIntroduced
LebanonPresentIntroduced
MalaysiaPresentIntroduced
NepalPresentIntroduced
PakistanPresentIntroduced
PhilippinesPresentIntroduced
South KoreaPresentIntroduced
Sri LankaPresentIntroduced
SyriaPresentIntroduced
TaiwanPresentIntroduced
TajikistanPresentIntroduced
TurkeyPresentIntroduced
TurkmenistanPresentIntroduced
UzbekistanPresentIntroduced
YemenPresentIntroduced

Europe

AustriaPresentNative
BelgiumPresent, WidespreadNative
BulgariaPresent, WidespreadNative
CroatiaPresentNative
CyprusPresentNative
CzechiaPresentNative
CzechoslovakiaPresentNative
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentNative
DenmarkPresentNative
FinlandPresentNative
FrancePresent, WidespreadNative
-CorsicaPresentNative
GermanyPresent, WidespreadNative
GreecePresent, WidespreadNative
HungaryPresent, WidespreadNative
IcelandPresentNative
IrelandPresentNative
ItalyPresent, WidespreadNative
-SardiniaPresentNative
-SicilyPresentNative
LatviaPresentNative
LithuaniaPresentNative
MaltaPresentNative
MontenegroPresent
NetherlandsPresent, WidespreadNative
NorwayPresentNative
PolandPresent, WidespreadNative
PortugalPresentNative
-MadeiraPresentNative
RomaniaPresent, WidespreadNative
RussiaPresent, WidespreadNative
-Russian Far EastPresent, WidespreadNative
SerbiaPresent
Serbia and MontenegroPresentNative
SlovakiaPresentNative
SloveniaPresentNative
SpainPresent, WidespreadNative
-Canary IslandsPresentNative
SwedenPresentNative
SwitzerlandPresentNative
UkrainePresentNative
United KingdomPresent, WidespreadNative
-Channel IslandsPresentNative

North America

BermudaPresentIntroduced
Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba
-SabaPresent
CanadaPresentIntroduced
-AlbertaPresentIntroduced
-British ColumbiaPresentIntroduced
-ManitobaPresentIntroduced
-New BrunswickPresentIntroduced
-Nova ScotiaPresentIntroduced
-OntarioPresentIntroduced
-QuebecPresentIntroduced
MexicoPresentIntroduced
Puerto RicoPresentIntroduced
United StatesPresentIntroduced
-AlabamaPresentIntroduced
-AlaskaPresentIntroduced
-CaliforniaPresentIntroduced
-ColoradoPresentIntroduced
-ConnecticutPresentIntroduced
-DelawarePresentIntroduced
-FloridaPresentIntroduced
-GeorgiaPresentIntroduced
-HawaiiPresentIntroduced
-IdahoPresentIntroduced
-MarylandPresentIntroduced
-MichiganPresentIntroduced
-NebraskaPresentIntroduced
-NevadaPresentIntroduced
-New JerseyPresentIntroduced
-New YorkPresentIntroduced
-North CarolinaPresentIntroduced
-OhioPresentIntroduced
-OregonPresentIntroduced
-PennsylvaniaPresentIntroduced
-South CarolinaPresentIntroduced
-TexasPresentIntroduced
-UtahPresentIntroduced
-VirginiaPresentIntroduced
-WashingtonPresentIntroduced
-WisconsinPresentIntroduced
-WyomingPresentIntroduced

South America

ArgentinaPresentIntroduced
BrazilPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-BahiaPresentIntroduced
-CearaPresentIntroduced
-Minas GeraisPresentIntroduced
-Rio de JaneiroPresentIntroduced
-Rio Grande do SulPresentIntroduced
-Sao PauloPresentIntroduced
ChilePresentIntroduced
PeruPresentIntroduced
UruguayPresentIntroduced

Distribution Database Table

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Distribution References

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Asaad N Y, Kumari S G, Haj-Kassem A A, Shalaby A B A, Al-Shaabi S, Malhotra R S, 2009. Detection and characterization of Chickpea chlorotic stunt virus in Syria. Journal of Phytopathology. 157 (11/12), 756-761. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2009.01574.x

Aslan M M, Uygun N, 2005. Aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) of Kahramanmara? Province, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology. 29 (3), 201-209.

Autrique A, Starý P, Ntahimpera L, 1989. Biological control of pest aphids by hymenopterous parasitoids in Burundi. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin. 37 (2), 71-76.

Azami-Sardooei Z, Shahreyarinejad S, Rouzkhosh M, Fekrat F, 2018. The first report on feeding of Oxycarenus hyalinipennis and Aphis fabae on dodder Cuscuta campestris in Iran. Journal of Crop Protection. 7 (1), 121-124. http://jcp.modares.ac.ir/article-3-23982-en.pdf

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Halima-Kamel M B B, Hamouda M H B, 1993. Aphids from protected crops and their enemies in Tunisia. (Les pucerons des cultures protégées et leurs ennemis en Tunisie.). Tropicultura. 11 (2), 50-53.

Hansen LM, 1995. (Bladlus - det nationale skadedyr i Danmark. (Aphids - the national pest in Denmark)). [12th Danish Plant Protection Conference, Pests and Diseases. Rapport Statens Planteavlsforsog], 115-128.

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Ioan M I, Mirică A I, Timotei P S, 1987. Record of two species of aphid pests of grapevine. (Semnalarea a două spech de afide dăunătoare la vita de vie.). Buletinul de Protecția Plantelor. 15-17.

Khan A A, Zaki F A, 2008. Predatory response of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) feeding on the Euonymus aphid, Aphis fabae solanella Theobald (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Kashmir. Journal of Biological Control. 22 (1), 149-154.

Kirk M, Temple S R, Summers C G, Wilson L T, 1991. Transmission efficiencies of field-collected aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) vectors of beet yellows virus. Journal of Economic Entomology. 84 (2), 638-643. DOI:10.1093/jee/84.2.638

Kiss B, Rédei D, Koczor S, 2008. Occurrence and feeding of hemipterans on common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia) in Hungary. Bulletin of Insectology. 61 (1), 195-196. http://www.bulletinofinsectology.org/

Klug T, Meyhöfer R, 2003. Insect pests in spinach crops. (Schadinsekten in Spinatbeständen.). Gemüse (München). 39 (3), 20-22.

Kök Ș, Kasap İ, Özdemİr I, 2016. Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) species determined in Çanakkale Province with a new record for the aphid fauna of Turkey. Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi. 40 (4), 397-412. http://dergipark.ulakbim.gov.tr/entoted/article/view/5000199653/5000176936

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Laamari M, Akal Y, 2002. Aphids population dynamics and the rate of virus diseases in potato fields in the Setif Region of Algeria. Arab Journal of Plant Protection. 20 (2), 111-117.

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Ng Sook Ming, 1978. Effectiveness of coccinellid predators in the control of Aphis fabae Scop. In: Amin, L. L.; Kadir, A. A. S. A.; Lim Guan Soon; Singh, K. G.; Tan Ah Moy; Varghese, G. (Editors). : Aziz S. A. Kadir, A.; Guan Soon, Lim; Soon, Lim Guan; Ah Moy, Tan; Moy, Tan Ah: Proceedings of the Plant Protection Conference, 1978, Kuala Lumpur. A report of the Proceedings of the Plant Protection Conference, 1978 held in Kuala Lumpur from 22 to 25 March, 1978 organised by the Malaysian Plant Protection Society and the Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia. [Amin, L. L.; Kadir, A. A. S. A.; Lim Guan Soon; Singh, K. G.; Tan Ah Moy; Varghese, G. (Editors). : Aziz S. A. Kadir, A.; Guan Soon, Lim; Soon, Lim Guan; Ah Moy, Tan; Moy, Tan Ah: Proceedings of the Plant Protection Conference, 1978, Kuala Lumpur. A repor], Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia. 148-164.

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Peña E, Olate E, Chorbadjian R A, Rosales I M, 2011. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus infection in Viburnum tinus in Chile. Plant Disease. 95 (9), 1198. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-11-0414

Pourrahim R, Farzadfar S, Golnaraghi A R, Ahoonmanesh A, 2007. Incidence and distribution of important viral pathogens in some Iranian potato fields. Plant Disease. 91 (5), 609-615. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-5-0609

Radonjić S, Hrnčić S, 2011. An overview of invasive species on vegetables in greenhouses in southern part of Montenegro. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin. 153-157. http://www.iobc-wprs.org/pub/bulletins/bulletin_2011_68_table_of_contents_abstracts.pdf

Semeada AM, Ismail II, Abdel-Salam SA, 2004. Host range and population density of Aphis fabae Scop. in Sinai Governorates, Egypt. [Aphids in a new millennium Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Aphids, September 2001, Rennes, France], 171-175.

Shamesa Maryam, Sandhu A A, Imran Bodlah, Aziz M A, Ayesha Aihetasham, 2019. Contribution to Aphid's fauna of Gujranwala (Punjab), Pakistan. Punjab University Journal of Zoology. 34 (1), 9-16. http://pu.edu.pk/images/journal/zology/PDF-FILES/2-34_1_19.pdf

Starowicz M, Kanturski M, Junkiert Ł, Wieczorek K, 2015. Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphidomorpha) of the Botanic Garden of the Jagiellonian University, Kraków. Polish Journal of Entomology. 84 (4), 325-338. http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/pjen

Stoetzel M B, 1990. Some aphids of importance to the Southeastern United States (Homoptera: Aphididae). In: Florida Entomologist, 73 (4) 580-586. DOI:10.2307/3495272

Sunil Joshi, Sangma R H Ch, 2015. Natural enemies associated with aphids and coccids from Sikkim, India. Journal of Biological Control. 29 (1), 3-7. http://journalofbiologicalcontrol.com/index.php/jbc/article/view/75778/59026

Tamošiu¯nas K, 1995. Faba bean pest control methods. (Pašariniutail˜ puputail˜ apsaugos nuo kenkėjutail˜ bu¯dai.). Lietuvos Zemdirbystes Instituto Mokslo Darbai, Zemdirbyste. 97-104.

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Growth Stages

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Flowering stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Inflorescence / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Whole plant / dwarfing
Whole plant / external feeding
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Adalia bipunctata Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Agonum dorsale Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Allothrombium pulvinus Parasite Arthropods|Nymphs
Alloxysta brevis Parasite Arthropods|Nymphs
Alloxysta pleuralis Parasite Arthropods|Nymphs
Anisosticta novemdecimpunctata Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Anthocoris gallarumulmi Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Anthocoris nemorum Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Aphelinus abdominalis Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs France
Aphelinus chaonia Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs France
Aphidencyrtus aphidivorus Parasite Arthropods|Nymphs
Aphidius colemani Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Aphidius matricariae Parasite Arthropods|Nymphs
Aphidoletes aphidimyza Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Asaphidion flavipes Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Brinckochrysa nachoi Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Brinckochrysa stenoptera Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Carabidae Predator Arthropods|Nymphs
Ceratochrysa antica Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Cheilomenes sexmaculata Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Cheilomenes sulphurea Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Chrysopa pallens Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Chrysoperla carnea Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Finland; USA; USSR
Chrysoperla plorabunda Predator Arthropods|Nymphs
Coccinella novemnotata Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Iraq Vicia faba
Coccinella septempunctata Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Coccinella transversalis Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Coccinella undecimpunctata Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Coccinula quatuordecimpustulata Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Conidiobolus coronatus Pathogen Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Conidiobolus obscurus Pathogen Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Conidiobolus thromboides Pathogen Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Cybocephalus micans Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Cycloneda limbifer Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Diaeretiella rapae Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Ephedrus persicae Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Ephedrus plagiator Parasite Arthropods|Nymphs
Epistrophe nitidicollis Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Episyrphus balteatus Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Erynia neoaphidis Pathogen Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Netherlands Vicia faba
Erynia nouryi Pathogen Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Eupeodes corollae Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Geocoris punctipes Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Hippodamia undecimnotata Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Hippodamia variegata Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Lasiophthicus pyrastri Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Lecanicillium lecanii Pathogen Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Argentina lemons; oranges
Leucopis fiorii Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Italy Arctium lappa
Leucopis glyphinivora Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Italy Vicia faba
Leucopis ninae Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Lipolexis gracilis Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Lipolexis scutellaris Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Lysiphlebus cardui Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Lysiphlebus confusus Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Lysiphlebus fabarum Parasite Arthropods|Nymphs Czechoslovakia; Morocco Ammi majus; Arctium; Cirsium arvense
Lysiphlebus safavii Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Lysiphlebus testaceipes Parasite Arthropods|Nymphs
Mallada boninensis Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Melanostoma mellinum Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Melanostoma scalare Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Iraq sugarbeet; Vicia faba
Monoctonus mali Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Neozygites fresenii Pathogen Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Neozygites lageniformis Pathogen Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Oenopia kirbyi Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Paragus bicolor Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Paragus tibialis Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs India Rumex nepalensis
Phaenoglyphis villosa Parasite Arthropods|Nymphs
Pipiza quadrimaculata Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Platynaspis capicola Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Platynaspis luteorubra Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Praon abjectum Parasite Arthropods|Nymphs
Praon dorsale Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Praon volucre Parasite Arthropods|Nymphs
Propylea quatuordecimpunctata Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Pterostichus melanarius Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Scaeva albomaculata Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Scaeva pyrastri Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Scymnus interruptus Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Sphaerophoria menthrasti Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Sphaerophoria scripta Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Synharmonia lyncea Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Syrphus ribesii Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Trioxys angelicae Parasite Arthropods|Nymphs
Trioxys indicus Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Fruits (inc. pods) adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches adults; nymphs Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

Wood Packaging

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Wood Packaging not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Loose wood packing material
Non-wood
Processed or treated wood
Solid wood packing material with bark
Solid wood packing material without bark

Distribution Maps

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Map Legends
  • CABI Summary Records
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