Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus
(apricot butteratura)

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Datasheet

Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (apricot butteratura)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 27 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • apricot butteratura
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •       Order: Tymovirales
  •         Family: Betaflexiviridae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV) symptoms on pear leaf.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionApple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV) symptoms on pear leaf.
CopyrightThorsten Kraska, University of Bonn, Germany
Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV) symptoms on pear leaf.
SymptomsApple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV) symptoms on pear leaf. Thorsten Kraska, University of Bonn, Germany

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus

Preferred Common Name

  • apricot butteratura

Other Scientific Names

  • Apple chlorotic leaf spot trichovirus
  • Apple latent 1 virus
  • Apple latent virus type 1
  • Bark split virus
  • Peach green mottle virus
  • Pear ring mosaic virus
  • Pear ring pattern mosaic virus
  • Plum bark split virus
  • Plum pseudopox virus
  • Quince stunt virus

International Common Names

  • English: apricot incompatibility and decline; apricot pseudo pox; apricot viruela; peach dark sunken mottle; plum pseudo pox; prune bark split
  • French: taches chlorotiques du pommier

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Chlorotisches Blattfleckenvirus: Apfel; Ringfleckenvirus: Birne

English acronym

  • ACLSV

EPPO code

  • ACLSV0 (Apple chlorotic leaf spot trichovirus)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Virus
  •     Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •             Order: Tymovirales
  •                 Family: Betaflexiviridae
  •                     Genus: Trichovirus
  •                         Species: Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AfghanistanPresentRehman et al., 2017
ChinaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; Yang and Ren, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-BeijingPresentEPPO, 2014
-GansuPresentEPPO, 2014
-HebeiPresentEPPO, 2014
-HeilongjiangPresentEPPO, 2014
-HenanPresentEPPO, 2014
-HubeiPresentEPPO, 2014
-JiangsuPresentEPPO, 2014
-LiaoningPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-NingxiaPresentEPPO, 2014
-ShaanxiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-ShandongPresentEPPO, 2014
-ShanxiPresentEPPO, 2014
-SichuanPresentLiu et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014
-XinjiangPresentEPPO, 2014
-YunnanPresentEPPO, 2014
Georgia (Republic of)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
IndiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; Brakta et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
-Himachal PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
IranPresentBuntsevitch et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014; Alemzadeh et al., 2016Tehran, Isfahan, East and West Azerbaijan
IraqPresentNajim et al., 2004
IsraelPresentJarrar et al., 2001
JapanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-HonshuPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
JordanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
KazakhstanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
Korea, Republic ofPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
LebanonPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
SyriaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
TaiwanPresentJan et al., 2003
TurkeyPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014

Africa

AlgeriaPresentEPPO, 2014
EgyptPresentEl-Maghraby et al., 2007
EthiopiaPresentLemma et al., 2016
MoroccoPresentBouani et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014
South AfricaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
TunisiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; Mahfoudhi et al., 2011; Mahfoudhi et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014

North America

CanadaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-British ColumbiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-OntarioPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
USARestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-IndianaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-MassachusettsPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-MichiganPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-New HampshirePresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-New YorkPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-OregonPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-PennsylvaniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-South CarolinaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-VermontPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-WisconsinPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014

South America

ArgentinaPresentNome et al., 2000
BrazilRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-Rio Grande do SulPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-Santa CatarinaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
ChilePresentFiore et al., 2016
UruguayPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014

Europe

AlbaniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
AustriaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BelarusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BelgiumPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
Bosnia-HercegovinaPresentLolic et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014
BulgariaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
CroatiaPresentBicak and O?trkapa-MeÐurecan, 2007
Czech RepublicPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
DenmarkPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
FinlandWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
FrancePresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
GermanyPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
GreecePresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
HungaryPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
ItalyPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
LatviaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; Pu¯pola et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
MaltaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
MoldovaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
MontenegroPresentEPPO, 2014; Zindovic et al., 2014
NetherlandsPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
NorwayPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
PolandPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
PortugalPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-AzoresPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
RomaniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
Russian FederationPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-Central RussiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
SerbiaPresentEPPO, 2014
SlovakiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
SloveniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
SpainPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
SwedenPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
SwitzerlandPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
UKPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
UkrainePresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000

Oceania

AustraliaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-New South WalesPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-QueenslandPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-South AustraliaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-TasmaniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-VictoriaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
-Western AustraliaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
New ZealandPresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Growing point / dieback
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Stems / canker on woody stem
Stems / dieback
Stems / discoloration of bark
Stems / necrosis
Whole plant / dwarfing

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Leaves Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Wood Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
True seeds (inc. grain)

References

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Adams MJ; Accotto GP; Agranovsky AA; Bar-Joseph M; Boscia D; Brunt AA; Candresse T; Coutts RHA; Dolja VV; Falk BW; Foster GD; Gonsalves D; Jelkmann W; Karasev A; Martelli GP; Mawassi M; Milne RG; Minafra A; Namba S; Rowahni A; Vetten HJ; Vishnichenko VK; Wisler GC; Yoshikawa N; Zavriev SK, 2004. Flexiviridae. In: Fauquet CM, Mayo MA, Maniloff J, Desselberger U, Ball LA, eds. Virus Taxonomy, VIIIth Report of the ICTV. London, UK: Elsevier/Academic Press, 1075-1122.

Adams MJ; Antoniw JF; Bar-Joseph M; Brunt AA; Candresse T; Foster GD; Martelli GP; Milne RG; Zavriev SK; Fauquet CM, 2004. The new plant virus family Flexiviridae and assessment of molecular criteria for species demarcation. Archives of Virology, 149:1045-1060.

Alemzadeh E; Katsiani AT; Efthimiou K; Katis NI, 2016. Occurrence of apple chlorotic leaf spot virus in apple and quince in Southern Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology, 98(1):177. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3485

Bicak L; O?trkapa-MeÐurecan Z, 2007. Sharka of plums (plum pox potyvirus) and false sharka (apple chlorotic leaf spot virus). (?arka ?ljive (plum pox potyvirus) ili lazna ?arka (apple chlorotic leaf spot virus).) Glasilo Biljne Za?tite, 7(1):46-48.

Bouani A; Al-Rwahnih M; Ghanem-Sabanadzovic NA; Alami I; Zemzami M; Myrta A; Savino V, 2004. A preliminary account of the sanitary status of stone-fruit trees in Morocco. Bulletin OEPP, 34(3):399-402.

Brakta A; Thakur PD; Handa A, 2013. First report of apple top working disease caused by viruses (Apple stem grooving virus, Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus, and Apple stem pitting virus) in apple in India. Plant Disease, 97(7):1001-1002. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Brunt AA; Crabtree K; Dallwitz MJ; Gibbs AJ; Watson L (eds), 1996. Viruses of plants. Descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL, 1484 pp.

Buntsevich LL; Omidallakh A; Mutisher B; Nankali A, 2001. Virus and phytoplasma diseases in fruit crops in Iran. Zashchita i Karantin Rastenii^breve~, No.4:32-33.

CABI/EPPO, 2000. Apple chlorotic leaf spot trichovirus. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Map No. 809. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Detienne G; Delbos R; Dunez J, 1980. Use and versatility of the immunoenzymatic ELISA procedure in the detection of different strains of an apple chlorotic leaf spot virus. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricp, 15:39-45

Dunez J; Marenaud C; Delbos R; Lansac M, 1972. Variability of symptoms induced by the Apple Chlorotic Leaf Spot (CLSV) - a type of CLSV probably responsible for Bark Split Disease of Prune Trees. Plant Disease Reporter, 56:293-295.

El-Maghraby I; Matic S; Fahmy H; Myrta A, 2007. Viruses and viroids of stone fruits in Egypt. Journal of Plant Pathology, 89(3):427-430. http://www.agr.unipi.it/sipav/jpp/index.html

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Francki RIB; Milne RG; Hatta T, 1985. Atlas of plant viruses. Volume II. Boca Raton, Florida, USA; CRC Press Inc., 284 pp.

Fuchs E, 1980. Serological detection of apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (CLSV) and apple stem grooving virus (SGV) in apple trees. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricp, 15:69-73

Fuchs E, 1982. Studies of the development of concentration of apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (CLSV) and apple stem grooving virus (SGV) in apple trees. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricp, 17(1/2):23-27

Hansen AJ, 1995. Apple Chlorotic Leaf Spot Virus. In: Ogawa JM, Zehr EI, Bird GW, Ritchie DF, Uriu K, Uyemoto JK, eds. Compendium of Stone Fruit Diseases. St Paul, MN, USA: APS Press, p. 73.

Hansen AJ; Lane WD, 1985. Elimination of apple chlorotic leafspot virus from apple shoot cultures by ribavirin. Plant Disease, 69(2):134-135

James D; Monette PL, 1992. An improved procedure for the purification of apple chlorotic leaf spot virus. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 72(3):937-941

Jan FJ; Wu ZB; Kuo AJ; Zheng YX; Chang HH; Su CC; Yang YS, 2003. Detection of Apple chlorotic leaf spot and Apple stem grooving viruses by the method of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Plant Pathology Bulletin, 12(1):10-18; 18 ref.

Jarrar S; Myrta A; Terlizzi Bdi; Savino V, 2001. Viruses of stone fruits in Palestine. Acta Horticulturae, No.550 (Vol. 1):245-248; 7 ref.

Lemma B; Xing F; Li SF; Zhang ZX, 2016. First report of Apple stem grooving virus, Apple stem pitting virus, and Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus in apple trees from Chencha, Ethiopia. Plant Disease, 100(12):2540-2541. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Lister RM, 1970. Apple Chlorotic Leaf Spot Virus. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses, No. 30. Kew, UK: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.

Liu Xiao; Barba M; Broggio M; Sallustio DE; Ragozzino E; Cheng Jian; Xie HongJiang; Liu JianJun, 2004. Field investigation and laboratory detection of virus-like diseases of stone fruit trees in Sichuan Province. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 17(5):613-617.

Lolic B; Myrta A; Ðuric G; Krstic B, 2007. Pome fruit viruses in Bosnia and Herzegovina. (Virusi jabucastih vocaka u Bosni i Hercegovini.) Pesticidi i Fitomedicina, 22(2):165-172.

Mahfoudhi N; El-Air M; Salleh W; Moujahed R; Djelouah K, 2013. Occurrence and distribution of pome fruit viruses in Tunisia. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 52(1):136-140. http://www.fupress.com/pm/

Mahfoudhi N; Moujahed R; Salleh W; El-Air M; Djelouah K, 2011. First report of Apple stem pitting virus and Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus in Tunisian pear orchards. Journal of Plant Pathology, 93(4, Supplement):S4.64. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/issue/view/118

Menzel W; Zahn V; Maiss E, 2003. Multiplex RT-PCR-ELISA compared with bioassay for the detection of four apple viruses. Journal of Virological Methods, 110(2):153-157.

Mink GI, 1989. Apple chlorotic leafspot. In: Virus and virus-like diseases of pome fruits and simulating non-infectious disorders. Washington State Cooperative Extension and US Department of Agriculture, No. SP003:8-19.

Najim HA; El-Muadhidi ME; Aysh KM, 2004. Survey for apricot, plum and apple trees viruses in Iraq. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 22(1):23-28.

Németh M, 1986. Virus, Mycoplasma and Rickettsia Diseases of Fruit Trees. Lancaster, Boston, USA/Dordrecht, Netherlands: M. Nijhoff Publishers, 841 pp.

Niu JianXin; Ma BingGang; Han XiaoYan, 2008. Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus. In: Characterization, diagnosis & management of plant viruses. Volume 2: horticultural crops [ed. by Rao, G. P.\Myrta, A.\Ling, K. S.]. Houston, USA: Studium Press LLC, 17-36.

Nome SF; Haelterman RM; Docampo DM, 2000. Viruses in Prunus spp. in fruit-growing regions of temperate climate in Argentina. Fitopatologi^acute~a, 35(4):255-261; 12 ref.

Polak Z; Prochazkova Z; Branisova H, 1990. Recent findings of viruses of forest trees on the territory of the Czech Republic. Archiv für Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz, 26(4):389-393

Pu¯pola N; Ka¯le A; Gospodaryk A, 2011. Occurrence of apple chlorotic leaf spot virus in plum orchards. (A¯belu hlorotiska¯s lapu plankumaini¯bas vi¯rusa izplati¯ba plu¯mju sta¯di¯jumos.) In: Razas svetki "Vecauce - 2011": LLU ma¯ci¯bu un peti¯jumu saimnieci¯bai Vecauce - 90: Zina¯tniska¯ semina¯ra rakstu kra¯jums. Jelgava, Latvia: Latvijas Lauksaimnieci¯bas Universita¯te (LLU), 37-41. http://llufb.llu.lv/conference/LLU-Vecauce/2011/Vecauce2011.pdf

Pu¯pola N; Morocko-Bicevska I; Ka¯le A; Zeltins A, 2011. Occurrence and diversity of pome fruit viruses in apple and pear orchards in Latvia. Journal of Phytopathology, 159(9):597-605. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0434

Smith IM; Dunez J; Phillips DH; Lelliott RA; Archer SA, 1988. European Handbook of Plant Diseases. London, UK: Blackwell Scientific.

Smith IM; Dunez J; Phillips DH; Lelliott RA; Archer SA, 1988. European Handbook of Plant Diseases. London, UK: Blackwell Scientific.

Yanase H; Mink GI; Sawamura K; Yamaguchi A, 1990. Apple topworking disease. In: Jones AL, Aldwinckle HS, eds. Compendium of Apple and Pear Diseases. St. Paul, USA: APS Press, 74.

Yang JiXiang; Ren XiaoZhou, 2000. Investigation of topworked apple trees infected with decline disease in Zhangjiachuan county. China Fruits, No. 3:42-43.

Zindovic J; Dall'Ara M; Autonell CR; Ratti C, 2014. First report of Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus, Cherry green ring mottle virus, and Cherry necrotic rusty mottle virus on peach in Montenegro. Plant Disease, 98(7):1014. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Distribution Maps

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