Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus
(apricot butteratura)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (apricot butteratura)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • apricot butteratura
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Group: "RNA viruses"
  •       Order: Tymovirales
  •         Family: Betaflexiviridae

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (apricot butteratura); apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV), showing symptoms on a pear leaf.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionApple chlorotic leaf spot virus (apricot butteratura); apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV), showing symptoms on a pear leaf.
Copyright©Thorsten Kraska, University of Bonn, Germany
Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (apricot butteratura); apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV), showing symptoms on a pear leaf.
SymptomsApple chlorotic leaf spot virus (apricot butteratura); apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV), showing symptoms on a pear leaf.©Thorsten Kraska, University of Bonn, Germany

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus

Preferred Common Name

  • apricot butteratura

Other Scientific Names

  • Apple chlorotic leaf spot trichovirus
  • Apple latent 1 virus
  • Apple latent virus type 1
  • Bark split virus
  • Peach green mottle virus
  • Pear ring mosaic virus
  • Pear ring pattern mosaic virus
  • Plum bark split virus
  • Plum pseudopox virus
  • Quince stunt virus

International Common Names

  • English: apricot incompatibility and decline; apricot pseudo pox; apricot viruela; peach dark sunken mottle; plum pseudo pox; prune bark split
  • French: taches chlorotiques du pommier

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Chlorotisches Blattfleckenvirus: Apfel; Ringfleckenvirus: Birne

English acronym

  • ACLSV

EPPO code

  • ACLSV0 (Apple chlorotic leaf spot trichovirus)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Group: "RNA viruses"
  •             Order: Tymovirales
  •                 Family: Betaflexiviridae
  •                     Genus: Trichovirus
  •                         Species: Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 04 Sep 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentEPPO (2020)
EgyptPresentEl-Maghraby et al. (2007)
EthiopiaPresentLemma et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
MoroccoPresentBouani et al. (2004); EPPO (2020)
South AfricaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
TunisiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); Mahfoudhi et al. (2011); Mahfoudhi et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)

Asia

AfghanistanPresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)Original citation: Rehman et al. (2017)
ChinaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); Yang JiXiang and Ren XiaoZhou (2000); EPPO (2020)
-BeijingPresentEPPO (2020)
-ChongqingPresentEPPO (2020)
-GansuPresentEPPO (2020)
-HebeiPresentEPPO (2020)
-HeilongjiangPresentEPPO (2020)
-HenanPresentEPPO (2020)
-HubeiPresentEPPO (2020)
-JiangsuPresentEPPO (2020)
-LiaoningPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-NingxiaPresentEPPO (2020)
-ShaanxiPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-ShandongPresentEPPO (2020)
-ShanxiPresentEPPO (2020)
-SichuanPresentLiu Xiao et al. (2004); EPPO (2020)
-XinjiangPresentEPPO (2020)
-YunnanPresentEPPO (2020)
GeorgiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
IndiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); Brakta et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
-Himachal PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
IranPresentAlemzadeh et al. (2016); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)Tehran, Isfahan, East and West Azerbaijan
IraqPresentNajim et al. (2004)
IsraelPresentJarrar et al. (2001)
JapanPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-HonshuPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
JordanPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
KazakhstanPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
LebanonPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
South KoreaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
SyriaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
TaiwanPresentJan et al. (2003); EPPO (2020)
TurkeyPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)

Europe

AlbaniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
AustriaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
BelarusPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
BelgiumPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresentLolić et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
BulgariaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
CroatiaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Bicak and O?trkapa-MeÐurecan (2007)
CzechiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
DenmarkPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
FinlandPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
FrancePresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
GermanyPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
GreecePresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
HungaryPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
ItalyPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
LatviaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
MaltaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
MoldovaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
MontenegroPresentZindović et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
NetherlandsPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
NorwayPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
PolandPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
PortugalPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-AzoresPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
RomaniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
RussiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-Central RussiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
SerbiaPresentEPPO (2020)
Serbia and MontenegroPresentCABI and EPPO (2000)
SlovakiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
SloveniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
SpainPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
SwedenPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
SwitzerlandPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
UkrainePresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
United KingdomPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)

North America

CanadaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-British ColumbiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-OntarioPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
United StatesPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-IndianaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-MassachusettsPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-MichiganPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-New HampshirePresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-New YorkPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-OregonPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-PennsylvaniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-South CarolinaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-VermontPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-WisconsinPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); Kinoti et al. (2020)
-New South WalesPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-QueenslandPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-South AustraliaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-TasmaniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-VictoriaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-Western AustraliaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
New ZealandPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)

South America

ArgentinaPresentNome et al. (2000)
BrazilPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-Rio Grande do SulPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
-Santa CatarinaPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
ChilePresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)Original citation: Fiore et al. (2016)
UruguayPresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Growing point / dieback
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Stems / canker on woody stem
Stems / dieback
Stems / discoloration of bark
Stems / necrosis
Whole plant / dwarfing

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Leaves Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Wood Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
True seeds (inc. grain)

References

Top of page

Adams MJ; Accotto GP; Agranovsky AA; Bar-Joseph M; Boscia D; Brunt AA; Candresse T; Coutts RHA; Dolja VV; Falk BW; Foster GD; Gonsalves D; Jelkmann W; Karasev A; Martelli GP; Mawassi M; Milne RG; Minafra A; Namba S; Rowahni A; Vetten HJ; Vishnichenko VK; Wisler GC; Yoshikawa N; Zavriev SK, 2004. Flexiviridae. In: Fauquet CM, Mayo MA, Maniloff J, Desselberger U, Ball LA, eds. Virus Taxonomy, VIIIth Report of the ICTV. London, UK: Elsevier/Academic Press, 1075-1122.

Adams MJ; Antoniw JF; Bar-Joseph M; Brunt AA; Candresse T; Foster GD; Martelli GP; Milne RG; Zavriev SK; Fauquet CM, 2004. The new plant virus family Flexiviridae and assessment of molecular criteria for species demarcation. Archives of Virology, 149:1045-1060.

Alemzadeh E; Katsiani AT; Efthimiou K; Katis NI, 2016. Occurrence of apple chlorotic leaf spot virus in apple and quince in Southern Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology, 98(1):177. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3485

Bicak L; O?trkapa-MeÐurecan Z, 2007. Sharka of plums (plum pox potyvirus) and false sharka (apple chlorotic leaf spot virus). (?arka ?ljive (plum pox potyvirus) ili lazna ?arka (apple chlorotic leaf spot virus).) Glasilo Biljne Za?tite, 7(1):46-48.

Bouani A; Al-Rwahnih M; Ghanem-Sabanadzovic NA; Alami I; Zemzami M; Myrta A; Savino V, 2004. A preliminary account of the sanitary status of stone-fruit trees in Morocco. Bulletin OEPP, 34(3):399-402.

Brakta A; Thakur PD; Handa A, 2013. First report of apple top working disease caused by viruses (Apple stem grooving virus, Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus, and Apple stem pitting virus) in apple in India. Plant Disease, 97(7):1001-1002. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Brunt AA; Crabtree K; Dallwitz MJ; Gibbs AJ; Watson L (eds), 1996. Viruses of plants. Descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL, 1484 pp.

Buntsevich LL; Omidallakh A; Mutisher B; Nankali A, 2001. Virus and phytoplasma diseases in fruit crops in Iran. Zashchita i Karantin Rastenii^breve~, No.4:32-33.

CABI/EPPO, 2000. Apple chlorotic leaf spot trichovirus. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Map No. 809. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Detienne G; Delbos R; Dunez J, 1980. Use and versatility of the immunoenzymatic ELISA procedure in the detection of different strains of an apple chlorotic leaf spot virus. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricp, 15:39-45

Dunez J; Marenaud C; Delbos R; Lansac M, 1972. Variability of symptoms induced by the Apple Chlorotic Leaf Spot (CLSV) - a type of CLSV probably responsible for Bark Split Disease of Prune Trees. Plant Disease Reporter, 56:293-295.

El-Maghraby I; Matic S; Fahmy H; Myrta A, 2007. Viruses and viroids of stone fruits in Egypt. Journal of Plant Pathology, 89(3):427-430. http://www.agr.unipi.it/sipav/jpp/index.html

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Francki RIB; Milne RG; Hatta T, 1985. Atlas of plant viruses. Volume II. Boca Raton, Florida, USA; CRC Press Inc., 284 pp.

Fuchs E, 1980. Serological detection of apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (CLSV) and apple stem grooving virus (SGV) in apple trees. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricp, 15:69-73

Fuchs E, 1982. Studies of the development of concentration of apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (CLSV) and apple stem grooving virus (SGV) in apple trees. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricp, 17(1/2):23-27

Hansen AJ, 1995. Apple Chlorotic Leaf Spot Virus. In: Ogawa JM, Zehr EI, Bird GW, Ritchie DF, Uriu K, Uyemoto JK, eds. Compendium of Stone Fruit Diseases. St Paul, MN, USA: APS Press, p. 73.

Hansen AJ; Lane WD, 1985. Elimination of apple chlorotic leafspot virus from apple shoot cultures by ribavirin. Plant Disease, 69(2):134-135

James D; Monette PL, 1992. An improved procedure for the purification of apple chlorotic leaf spot virus. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 72(3):937-941

Jan FJ; Wu ZB; Kuo AJ; Zheng YX; Chang HH; Su CC; Yang YS, 2003. Detection of Apple chlorotic leaf spot and Apple stem grooving viruses by the method of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Plant Pathology Bulletin, 12(1):10-18; 18 ref.

Jarrar S; Myrta A; Terlizzi Bdi; Savino V, 2001. Viruses of stone fruits in Palestine. Acta Horticulturae, No.550 (Vol. 1):245-248; 7 ref.

Lemma B; Xing F; Li SF; Zhang ZX, 2016. First report of Apple stem grooving virus, Apple stem pitting virus, and Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus in apple trees from Chencha, Ethiopia. Plant Disease, 100(12):2540-2541. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Lister RM, 1970. Apple Chlorotic Leaf Spot Virus. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses, No. 30. Kew, UK: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.

Liu Xiao; Barba M; Broggio M; Sallustio DE; Ragozzino E; Cheng Jian; Xie HongJiang; Liu JianJun, 2004. Field investigation and laboratory detection of virus-like diseases of stone fruit trees in Sichuan Province. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 17(5):613-617.

Lolic B; Myrta A; Ðuric G; Krstic B, 2007. Pome fruit viruses in Bosnia and Herzegovina. (Virusi jabucastih vocaka u Bosni i Hercegovini.) Pesticidi i Fitomedicina, 22(2):165-172.

Mahfoudhi N; El-Air M; Salleh W; Moujahed R; Djelouah K, 2013. Occurrence and distribution of pome fruit viruses in Tunisia. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 52(1):136-140. http://www.fupress.com/pm/

Mahfoudhi N; Moujahed R; Salleh W; El-Air M; Djelouah K, 2011. First report of Apple stem pitting virus and Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus in Tunisian pear orchards. Journal of Plant Pathology, 93(4, Supplement):S4.64. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/issue/view/118

Menzel W; Zahn V; Maiss E, 2003. Multiplex RT-PCR-ELISA compared with bioassay for the detection of four apple viruses. Journal of Virological Methods, 110(2):153-157.

Mink GI, 1989. Apple chlorotic leafspot. In: Virus and virus-like diseases of pome fruits and simulating non-infectious disorders. Washington State Cooperative Extension and US Department of Agriculture, No. SP003:8-19.

Najim HA; El-Muadhidi ME; Aysh KM, 2004. Survey for apricot, plum and apple trees viruses in Iraq. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 22(1):23-28.

Németh M, 1986. Virus, Mycoplasma and Rickettsia Diseases of Fruit Trees. Lancaster, Boston, USA/Dordrecht, Netherlands: M. Nijhoff Publishers, 841 pp.

Niu JianXin; Ma BingGang; Han XiaoYan, 2008. Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus. In: Characterization, diagnosis & management of plant viruses. Volume 2: horticultural crops [ed. by Rao, G. P.\Myrta, A.\Ling, K. S.]. Houston, USA: Studium Press LLC, 17-36.

Nome SF; Haelterman RM; Docampo DM, 2000. Viruses in Prunus spp. in fruit-growing regions of temperate climate in Argentina. Fitopatologi^acute~a, 35(4):255-261; 12 ref.

Polak Z; Prochazkova Z; Branisova H, 1990. Recent findings of viruses of forest trees on the territory of the Czech Republic. Archiv für Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz, 26(4):389-393

Pu¯pola N; Ka¯le A; Gospodaryk A, 2011. Occurrence of apple chlorotic leaf spot virus in plum orchards. (A¯belu hlorotiska¯s lapu plankumaini¯bas vi¯rusa izplati¯ba plu¯mju sta¯di¯jumos.) In: Razas svetki "Vecauce - 2011": LLU ma¯ci¯bu un peti¯jumu saimnieci¯bai Vecauce - 90: Zina¯tniska¯ semina¯ra rakstu kra¯jums. Jelgava, Latvia: Latvijas Lauksaimnieci¯bas Universita¯te (LLU), 37-41. http://llufb.llu.lv/conference/LLU-Vecauce/2011/Vecauce2011.pdf

Pu¯pola N; Morocko-Bicevska I; Ka¯le A; Zeltins A, 2011. Occurrence and diversity of pome fruit viruses in apple and pear orchards in Latvia. Journal of Phytopathology, 159(9):597-605. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0434

Smith IM; Dunez J; Phillips DH; Lelliott RA; Archer SA, 1988. European Handbook of Plant Diseases. London, UK: Blackwell Scientific.

Smith IM; Dunez J; Phillips DH; Lelliott RA; Archer SA, 1988. European Handbook of Plant Diseases. London, UK: Blackwell Scientific.

Yanase H; Mink GI; Sawamura K; Yamaguchi A, 1990. Apple topworking disease. In: Jones AL, Aldwinckle HS, eds. Compendium of Apple and Pear Diseases. St. Paul, USA: APS Press, 74.

Yang JiXiang; Ren XiaoZhou, 2000. Investigation of topworked apple trees infected with decline disease in Zhangjiachuan county. China Fruits, No. 3:42-43.

Zindovic J; Dall'Ara M; Autonell CR; Ratti C, 2014. First report of Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus, Cherry green ring mottle virus, and Cherry necrotic rusty mottle virus on peach in Montenegro. Plant Disease, 98(7):1014. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Distribution References

Alemzadeh E, Katsiani A T, Efthimiou K, Katis N I, 2016. Occurrence of apple chlorotic leaf spot virus in apple and quince in Southern Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology. 98 (1), 177. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3485

Bouani A, Al-Rwahnih M, Ghanem-Sabanadzovic N A, Alami I, Zemzami M, Myrta A, Savino V, 2004. A preliminary account of the sanitary status of stone-fruit trees in Morocco. Bulletin OEPP. 34 (3), 399-402. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2004.00760.x

Brakta A, Thakur P D, Handa A, 2013. First report of apple top working disease caused by viruses (Apple stem grooving virus, Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus, and Apple stem pitting virus) in apple in India. Plant Disease. 97 (7), 1001-1002. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-11-12-1082-PDN

CABI, EPPO, 2000. Apple chlorotic leaf spot trichovirus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 809.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

El-Maghraby I, Matić S, Fahmy H, Myrta A, 2007. Viruses and viroids of stone fruits in Egypt. Journal of Plant Pathology. 89 (3), 427-430. http://www.agr.unipi.it/sipav/jpp/index.html

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Jan F J, Wu Z B, Kuo A J, Zheng Y X, Chang H H, Su C C, Yang Y S, 2003. Detection of Apple chlorotic leaf spot and Apple stem grooving viruses by the method of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Plant Pathology Bulletin. 12 (1), 10-18.

Jarrar S, Myrta A, Terlizzi B di, Savino V, 2001. Viruses of stone fruits in Palestine. Acta Horticulturae. 245-248.

Kinoti W M, Nancarrow N, Dann A, Rodoni B C, Constable F E, 2020. Updating the quarantine status of Prunus infecting viruses in Australia. Viruses. 12 (2), DOI:10.3390/v12020246

Lemma B, Xing F, Li S F, Zhang Z X, 2016. First report of Apple stem grooving virus, Apple stem pitting virus, and Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus in apple trees from Chencha, Ethiopia. Plant Disease. 100 (12), 2540-2541. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-16-0678-PDN

Liu Xiao, Barba M, Broggio M, Sallustio D E, Ragozzino E, Cheng Jian, Xie HongJiang, Liu JianJun, 2004. Field investigation and laboratory detection of virus-like diseases of stone fruit trees in Sichuan Province. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 17 (5), 613-617.

Lolić B, Myrta A, Ðurić G, Krstić B, 2007. Pome fruit viruses in Bosnia and Herzegovina. (Virusi jabučastih voćaka u Bosni i Hercegovini.). Pesticidi i Fitomedicina. 22 (2), 165-172.

Mahfoudhi N, El-Air M, Salleh W, Moujahed R, Djelouah K, 2013. Occurrence and distribution of pome fruit viruses in Tunisia. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 52 (1), 136-140. http://www.fupress.com/pm/

Mahfoudhi N, Moujahed R, Salleh W, El-Air M, Djelouah K, 2011. First report of Apple stem pitting virus and Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus in Tunisian pear orchards. Journal of Plant Pathology. 93 (4, Supplement), S4.64. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/issue/view/118

Najim H A, El-Muadhidi M E, Aysh K M, 2004. Survey for apricot, plum and apple trees viruses in Iraq. Arab Journal of Plant Protection. 22 (1), 23-28.

Nome S F, Haelterman R M, Docampo D M, 2000. Viruses in Prunus spp. in fruit-growing regions of temperate climate in Argentina. (Virus en Prunus spp. del área frutícola templada Argentina.). Fitopatología. 35 (4), 255-261.

Yang JiXiang, Ren XiaoZhou, 2000. Investigation of topworked apple trees infected with decline disease in Zhangjiachuan county. China Fruits. 42-43.

Zindović J, Dall'Ara M, Autonell C R, Ratti C, 2014. First report of Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus, Cherry green ring mottle virus, and Cherry necrotic rusty mottle virus on peach in Montenegro. Plant Disease. 98 (7), 1014. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-13-1085-PDN

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map