Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Apate monachus
(black borer)

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Datasheet

Apate monachus (black borer)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Apate monachus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • black borer
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
A. monachus adult.
TitleAdult
CaptionA. monachus adult.
Copyright©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin
A. monachus adult.
AdultA. monachus adult.©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Apate monachus Fabricius, 1775

Preferred Common Name

  • black borer

Other Scientific Names

  • Apate carmelita Fabricius, 1801
  • Apate francisca Fabricius, 1801
  • Apate gibba Fabricius, 1798
  • Apate mendica Olivier, 1790
  • Apate monacha Fabricius, 1801
  • Apate monachus var. rufiventris Lucas, 1843
  • Apate semicostata Thomson, 1857
  • Apate senii Stefani, 1911

International Common Names

  • English: borer, black; borer, twig; date palm bostrichid; twig borer
  • Spanish: bostríquido monje; taladrador del cafeto; taladrador del tallo del cafeto
  • French: borer noir du cacaoyer; borer noir du caféier

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Bohrer, Schwarzer Kaffee-

EPPO code

  • APATMO (Apate monachus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Bostrichidae
  •                             Genus: Apate
  •                                 Species: Apate monachus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent, LocalizedLesne (1901); Chararas and Balachowsky (1962); CABI (Undated)
CameroonPresentNHM (1935)
Congo, Republic of thePresent, WidespreadLesne (1938); Chararas and Balachowsky (1962)
Côte d'IvoirePresentNHM (1944)
EgyptPresent, LocalizedLesne (1938)
EritreaPresentNHM (1950)
EthiopiaPresentChararas and Balachowsky (1962)
GhanaPresentNHM (1912)
GuineaPresent, WidespreadChararas and Balachowsky (1962)
MoroccoPresentLesne (1901); Martinez de la Escalera (1914); Kocher (1956); Chararas and Balachowsky (1962)
NigerPresentNHM (1992)
NigeriaPresentNHM (1912)
São Tomé and PríncipePresentNHM (1919)
TanzaniaPresentBohlen (1973)
TogoPresentChararas and Balachowsky (1962)
TunisiaPresent, LocalizedLesne (1901); Lesne (1904); Chararas and Balachowsky (1962)
UgandaPresentNHM (1936)
ZambiaPresentLöyttyniemi and Löyttyniemi (1988)

Asia

IndiaPresent2016CABI (Undated)via PestLens newsletter; Original citation: Duarai et al. (2017)
IsraelPresent, LocalizedChararas and Balachowsky (1962); CABI (Undated)
LebanonPresent, LocalizedLesne (1901); Chararas and Balachowsky (1962)
SyriaPresent, LocalizedLesne (1901); Chararas and Balachowsky (1962); CABI (Undated)

Europe

FrancePresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-CorsicaPresentLesne (1901); Chararas and Balachowsky (1962); Cymorec (1969); Clavier (1994)
GermanyAbsent, Intercepted onlyCymorec (1969)
HungaryPresentNémeth et al. (2015)
ItalyPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-SardiniaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Luciano, 1982
-SicilyPresent, LocalizedChararas and Balachowsky (1962); Cymorec (1969)
SpainPresent, LocalizedLucas (1853); Lesne (1901); Fuente (1932); Chararas and Balachowsky (1962); López-Colón (1997); CABI (Undated)

North America

CubaPresentLesne (1938); Cymorec (1969)
Dominican RepublicPresent, WidespreadLesne (1901); Cymorec (1969)
GuadeloupePresentLesne (1938)
JamaicaPresentCymorec (1969)
MartiniquePresentLesne (1938)
Puerto RicoPresent, WidespreadLesne (1938)
Saint Kitts and NevisPresentLesne (1938)
United States
-FloridaAbsent, Intercepted onlyChararas and Balachowsky (1962)

South America

BrazilPresentLesne (1938)

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Post-harvest, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Stems / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Leucaspis dorsigera Predator/parasite Larvae
Teretriosoma flaviclava Predator Larvae/Pupae
Teretriosoma sanguineum Predator Larvae/Pupae

References

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Bohlen E, 1973. Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Paul Parey.

Chararas C, Balachowsky AS, 1962. Fam. Bostrychidae. In: Entomologie Appliquée a L'Agriculture. Tome I. ColéoptFres (premier volume). Paris, France: Masson et Cie. Eds., 304-315.

Clavier H, 1994. + propos d'Apate monachus F. en Corse. L'Éntomologiste, 50(6):349.

Cymorec S, 1969. Fam. Bostrychidae. In: Freude H, Harde KW, Lohse GA, eds. Krefeld, Germany: Goecke & Evers, 13-25.

Durai, M. V., Balu, A., Raja Rishi R., Karthikeyan A., 2017. First report of Apate monachus (Coleoptera: Bostrychidae) in big-leaf mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King) plantations in India, 5(6), 1900-1902.

Entwistle PF, 1972. Pests of coffee. London, UK: Longman Group Limited.

Espa±ol F, 1955. Los bostrfquidos de Catalu±a y Baleares (Col. Cucujoidea). Madrid, Spain: Publicaciones del Instituto de Biologfa Aplicada, 107-135.

Fuente JM, 1932. Catálogo sistemático-geográfico de los Coleópteros de la Penfnsula Ibérica y Baleares. Boletfn de la Sociedad Entomológica Espa±ola, 15:19-24.

Kocher L, 1956. Catalogue commenté des ColéoptFres du Maroc. Travaux de l'Institut Scientifique ChOrifien, 11(4):1-119.

Lesne P, 1901. Synopsis des Bostrychides paléarctiques. L'Abeille, 30:73-136.

Lesne P, 1904. Supplément au Synopsis des Bostrychides paléarctiques. L'Abeille, 30:153-168.

Lesne P, 1924. Les ColéoptFres Bostrychides de l'Afrique Tropicale Frantaise. Encyclopedie Entomologique, 3:1-301.

Lesne P, 1938. Bostrychidae. In: Junk W, Schenkling S, eds. Coleopterorum Catalogus. Pars 161. Gravenhage, Germany: W. Junk.

López-Colón JI, 1997. Presencia de Apate monachus Fabricius, 1775 en Andalucfa (Coleoptera, Bostrichidae). Nouvelle Revue d'Entomologie (N.S.), 13(4): 294.

Loyttyniemi K, Loyttyniemi R, 1988. Annual flight patterns of timber insects in miombo woodland in Zambia. Bostrichidae, Lyctidae and Anobiidae (Coleoptera). Annales Entomologici Fennici, 54(2):65-67.

Lucas H, 1853. Communications. Bulletin de la SocietF Entomologique de France, (troisiFme série), 1:57.

Martinez de la Escalera M, 1914. Los coleópteros de Marruecos. Trabajos del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain, No. 11.

Németh, T., Kotán, A., Merkl, O., 2015. First record of Apate monachus in Hungary, with a checklist of and a key to the Hungarian powderpost beetles (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae)., 7699-105. http://publication.nhmus.hu/pdf/folentom/FoliaEntHung_2015_Vol_76_99.pdf

Pelley RH le, 1968. Pests of Coffee. London and Harlow, UK: Longmans, Green and Co Ltd.

Distribution References

Bohlen E, 1973. Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. In: Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Paul Parey. 142pp.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chararas C, Balachowsky AS, 1962. (Fam. Bostrychidae). In: Entomologie Appliquée a L'Agriculture. Tome I. ColéoptFres (premier volume), [ed. by Masson et Cie]. Paris, France: 304-315.

Clavier H, 1994. (+ propos d'Apate monachus F. en Corse). In: L'Éntomologiste, 50 (6) 349.

Cymorec S, 1969. Fam. Bostrychidae., [ed. by Freude H, Harde KW, Lohse GA]. Krefeld, Germany: Goecke & Evers. 13-25.

Fuente JM, 1932. (Catálogo sistemático-geográfico de los Coleópteros de la Península Ibérica y Baleares). In: Boletin de la Sociedad Entomológica Española, 15 19-24.

Kocher L, 1956. (Catalogue commenté des ColéoptFres du Maroc). In: Travaux de l'Institut Scientifique ChOrifien, 11 (4) 1-119.

Lesne P, 1901. (Synopsis des Bostrychides paléarctiques). In: L'Abeille, 30 73-136.

Lesne P, 1904. (Supplément au Synopsis des Bostrychides paléarctiques). In: L'Abeille, 30 153-168.

Lesne P, 1938. Bostrychidae. (Bostrychidae.). In: Coleopterorum Catalogus, No. 161. [ed. by Junk W, Schenkling S]. Gravenhage, Netherlands: W. Junk.

López-Colón JI, 1997. (Presencia de Apate monachus Fabricius, 1775 en Andalucfa (Coleoptera, Bostrichidae)). In: Nouvelle Revue d'Entomologie (N.S.), 13 (4) 294.

Löyttyniemi K, Löyttyniemi R, 1988. Annual flight patterns of timber insects in miombo woodland in Zambia. Bostrichidae, Lyctidae and Anobiidae (Coleoptera). Annales Entomologici Fennici. 54 (2), 65-67.

Lucas H, 1853. Communications. In: Bulletin de la SocietF Entomologique de France, 1 57.

Martinez de la Escalera M, 1914. (Los coleópteros de Marruecos)., Madrid, Spain: Trabajos del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales.

Németh T, Kotán A, Merkl O, 2015. First record of Apate monachus in Hungary, with a checklist of and a key to the Hungarian powderpost beetles (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). Folia Entomologica Hungarica. 99-105. http://publication.nhmus.hu/pdf/folentom/FoliaEntHung_2015_Vol_76_99.pdf

NHM, 1912. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1919. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1935. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1936. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1944. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1950. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1992. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

Distribution Maps

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