Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Varroa jacobsoni
(Varroa mite)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Varroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 13 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Varroa jacobsoni
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Varroa mite
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Chelicerata
  •         Class: Arachnida
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • Varroa jacobsoni is a natural ectoparasitic mite of the Eastern honeybee, Apis cerana. However, after having recently jumped from its natural host into the European honeybee Apis mellifera, it...

  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Varroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite); dorsal view. Similar species to V. destructor. Collected on Apis cerana.
TitleSimilar species
CaptionVarroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite); dorsal view. Similar species to V. destructor. Collected on Apis cerana.
Copyright©Ken Walker-2005/Museum Victoria - CC BY 3.0 AU - www.padil.gov.au
Varroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite); dorsal view. Similar species to V. destructor. Collected on Apis cerana.
Similar speciesVarroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite); dorsal view. Similar species to V. destructor. Collected on Apis cerana.©Ken Walker-2005/Museum Victoria - CC BY 3.0 AU - www.padil.gov.au
Varroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite); ventral view. similar species to V. destructor. Collected on Apis cerana.
TitleSimilar species
CaptionVarroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite); ventral view. similar species to V. destructor. Collected on Apis cerana.
Copyright©Ken Walker-2005/Museum Victoria - CC BY 3.0 AU - www.padil.gov.au
Varroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite); ventral view. similar species to V. destructor. Collected on Apis cerana.
Similar speciesVarroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite); ventral view. similar species to V. destructor. Collected on Apis cerana.©Ken Walker-2005/Museum Victoria - CC BY 3.0 AU - www.padil.gov.au

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Varroa jacobsoni

Preferred Common Name

  • Varroa mite

EPPO code

  • VARRJA (Varroa jacobsoni)

Summary of Invasiveness

Top of page

Varroa jacobsoni is a natural ectoparasitic mite of the Eastern honeybee, Apis cerana. However, after having recently jumped from its natural host into the European honeybee Apis mellifera, it has emerged as a potential serious pest, causing bee colony losses. Together with its original host, V. jacobsoni has been introduced to New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Although Australia used to be considered one of the last remaining places in the world free of Varroa mites, in 2016 a population of A. cerana was found infected with V. jacobsoni in Townsville, North Queensland. This population has been eradicated, although the follow-up phase of the eradication program is still ongoing.

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Chelicerata
  •                 Class: Arachnida
  •                     Subclass: Acari
  •                         Order: Parasitiformes
  •                             Suborder: Mesostigmata
  •                                 Family: Varroidae
  •                                     Genus: Varroa
  •                                         Species: Varroa jacobsoni

Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature

Top of page

In 2000, V. jacobsoni was found to be a species complex consisting of two separate species, V. jacobsoni and V. destructor (Anderson and Trueman, 2000). Both species parasitize the Eastern honey bee, Apis cerana, but it was thought that only V. destructor was capable of parasitizing the European honey bee, A. mellifera. Although V. destructor is indeed the species responsible for the devastating worldwide infections of A. mellifera, it was discovered that V. jacobsoni can also parasitize A. mellifera (Roberts et al., 2013; 2015).

It is important to note that the literature on Varroa infections of A. mellifera published before 2000 erroneously refers to V. jacobsoni, instead of V. destructor.

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AfghanistanPresentCAB Abstracts
ChinaPresent
IndiaPresent
IndonesiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Irian JayaPresentIntroduced1977Anderson, 1994; Roberts et al., 2015
-JavaPresentAnderson, 1994; Roberts et al., 2015
JapanPresent
Korea, Republic ofPresent
MalaysiaPresent
MyanmarPresent
PhilippinesPresent
Sri LankaPresentCAB Abstracts
TaiwanPresent
ThailandPresent
VietnamPresent

Oceania

AustraliaEradicatedBased on regional distribution
-QueenslandEradicated2017Introduced2016Biosecurity Queensland, 2016
Papua New GuineaWidespreadIntroduced1980sAnderson, 1994; Roberts et al., 2015
Solomon IslandsPresentIntroduced2003Roberts et al., 2013; Roberts et al., 2015

Host Animals

Top of page
Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Apis ceranaWild host
Apis melliferaWild host

Impact Summary

Top of page
CategoryImpact
Economic/livelihood Negative
Environment (generally) Negative

References

Top of page

Anderson, D. L., 1994. Non-reproduction of Varroa jacobsoni in Apis mellifera colonies in Papua New Guinea and Indonesia., Apidologie, 25(4):412-421

Anderson, D. L., Trueman, J. W. H., 2000. Varroa jacobsoni (Acari: Varroidae) is more than one species., Experimental & Applied Acarology, 24(3):165-189

Biosecurity Queensland, 2016. Prevention and control program for Varroa mite (Varroa jacobsoni) under the Biosecurity Act 2014. Queensland, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland Government.

Roberts J, Anderson D, Tay WT, 2013. Varroa jacobsoni: a new pest of European honey bees. Project summary of PRJ- 003338, Pub. No. 14/005. Wagga, Australia: Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation. http://www.agrifutures.com.au/wp-content/uploads/publications/14-005.pdf

Roberts, J. M. K., Anderson, D. L., Tay, W. T., 2015. Multiple host shifts by the emerging honeybee parasite, Varroa jacobsoni., Molecular Ecology, 24(10):2379-2391 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-294X

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map