Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

yellow head disease

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Datasheet

yellow head disease

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • yellow head disease
  • Overview
  • Yellow head disease, caused by Yellow head virus (genotype 1) (YHV1), has resulted in significant mortalities of penaeid shrimp in Asia (Flegel, 2012...

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • yellow head disease

International Common Names

  • English: yellow head shrimp disease; yellow head virus disease; yellowhead disease; yellowhead disease of penaeid shrimp; yellow-head shrimp disease; yellow-head virus disease; yellow-head virus disease (YHD) of penaeid shrimp

English acronym

  • YHD

Overview

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Yellow head disease, caused by Yellow head virus (genotype 1) (YHV1), has resulted in significant mortalities of penaeid shrimp in Asia (Flegel, 2012). The disease was first described in Penaeus monodon in Thailand in 1990 by Limsuwan (Chantanachookin et al., 1993). The syndrome was given its name due to the light yellow colouration of the dorsal cephalothorax area and the general pale appearance of the infected prawn. This yellow appearance was a result of the underlying enlarged yellow hepatopancreas.

YHV1 is one of six known genotypes in the yellow head complex of viruses. Gill-associated virus (GAV) is designated as genotype 2. GAV and four other known genotypes in the complex (genotypes 3–6) occur commonly in healthy Penaeus monodon in East Africa, Asia and Australia and are rarely or never associated with disease (Wijegoonawardane et al., 2008). YHV and other genotypes in the yellow head complex are classified as a single species (Gill-associated virus) in the genus Okavirus, family Roniviridae, order Nidovirales. There is evidence of genetic recombination between genotypes (Wijegoonawardane et al., 2009).

‘Infection with yellow head virus’ is on the list of diseases notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). For further information on this disease from OIE, see the website: www.oie.int

Host Animals

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Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Exopalaemon styliferusExperimental settings
Farfantepenaeus aztecus (northern brown shrimp)Aquatic|Adult; Aquatic|Fry; Aquatic|LarvalEnclosed systems/Other enclosed systems; Enclosed systems/Ponds
Farfantepenaeus duorarum (northern pink shrimp)Aquatic|Fry
Fenneropenaeus merguiensis (banana shrimp)Experimental settingsAquatic|All StagesEnclosed systems/Ponds; Enclosed systems/Tanks
Litopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)Experimental settingsAquatic|Adult; Aquatic|FryEnclosed systems/Ponds; Enclosed systems/Raceways / running water ponds
Metapenaeus ensis (greasyback shrimp)Experimental settings
Penaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)Domesticated host; Wild host

Distribution

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YHV throughout most of Southeast Asia is reported to be a highly pathogenic agent for cultured P. monodon, causing significant mortalities and adversely affecting the mariculture prawns in Thailand (Chantanachookin et al. 1993).

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 09 Dec 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
BotswanaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BurundiAbsent, No presence record(s)
Cabo VerdeAbsentJul-Dec-2018
Central African RepublicAbsent, No presence record(s)
Congo, Democratic Republic of theAbsentJul-Dec-2019
EgyptAbsentJul-Dec-2019
EswatiniAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GhanaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Guinea-BissauAbsentJul-Dec-2020
KenyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
LesothoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
LibyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MadagascarAbsentJul-Dec-2020
MauritiusAbsentJul-Dec-2018
MayotteAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
MoroccoAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MozambiqueAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NamibiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
NigeriaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
RéunionAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Saint HelenaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
SomaliaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
South AfricaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SudanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
TunisiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019

Asia

AfghanistanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
ArmeniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
AzerbaijanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BahrainAbsent, No presence record(s)
BangladeshAbsentJul-Dec-2020
BruneiAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ChinaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Hong KongAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IndonesiaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
IranAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
IraqAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IsraelAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
JapanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
JordanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
KuwaitAbsentJul-Dec-2018
KyrgyzstanAbsentJul-Dec-2018
MalaysiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MaldivesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
MongoliaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
MyanmarAbsentJul-Dec-2019
North KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
PakistanAbsentJul-Dec-2019
PhilippinesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Saudi ArabiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
South KoreaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
TaiwanAbsentJul-Dec-2019
TajikistanAbsentJan-Jun-2019
ThailandPresent
United Arab EmiratesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
UzbekistanAbsent, No presence record(s)
VietnamAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019

Europe

AndorraAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
BelarusAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
BelgiumAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CroatiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CyprusAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
DenmarkAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
EstoniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Faroe IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
FinlandAbsentJul-Dec-2019
FranceAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GermanyAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GreeceAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
HungaryAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IrelandAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ItalyAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
JerseyAbsent, No presence record(s)
LatviaAbsentJul-Dec-2020
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
LithuaniaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
MoldovaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
NetherlandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
North MacedoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NorwayAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PolandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PortugalAbsentJul-Dec-2019
SerbiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SlovakiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
SpainAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
SwedenAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SwitzerlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
UkraineAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
United KingdomAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019

North America

BahamasAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BarbadosAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
BermudaAbsent, No presence record(s)
British Virgin IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
CanadaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Cayman IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
Costa RicaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CubaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
DominicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Dominican RepublicAbsent, No presence record(s)
El SalvadorAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GreenlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
GuadeloupeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GuatemalaAbsent, No presence record(s)
JamaicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MartiniqueAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
MexicoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NicaraguaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PanamaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Saint Kitts and NevisAbsent, No presence record(s)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAbsent, No presence record(s)
Trinidad and TobagoAbsent, No presence record(s)
United StatesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
-GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)

Oceania

AustraliaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Cook IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Federated States of MicronesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
FijiAbsentJul-Dec-2018
French PolynesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
KiribatiAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Marshall IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
New CaledoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
New ZealandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PalauAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Papua New GuineaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
SamoaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
TongaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018

South America

ArgentinaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
BoliviaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BrazilAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ChileAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
ColombiaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
EcuadorAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
French GuianaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GuyanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
ParaguayAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
PeruAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
UruguayAbsentJul-Dec-2020
VenezuelaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018

References

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Chantanachookin C; Boonyaratpalin S; Kasornchandra J; Direkbusarakom S; Ekpanithanpong U; Supamataya K; Sriurairatana S; Flegel TW, 1993. Histology and ultrastructure reveal a new granulosis-like virus in Penaeus monodon affected by yellow-head disease. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 17(2):145-157.

Flegel TW, 2012. Historic emergence, impact and current status of shrimp pathogens in Asia. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 110(2):166-173. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022201112000602

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4. World Animal Health Information Database. Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. http://www.oie.int

Wijegoonawardane PKM; Cowley JA; Thuy Phan; Hodgson RAJ; Nielsen L; Kiatpathomchai W; Walker PJ, 2008. Genetic diversity in the yellow head nidovirus complex. Virology, 380(2):213-225. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WXR-4TBVPP6-1&_user=6686535&_coverDate=10%2F25%2F2008&_rdoc=8&_fmt=high&_orig=browse&_srch=doc-info(%23toc%237165%232008%23996199997%23700230%23FLA%23display%23Volume)&_cdi=7165&_sort=d&_docanchor=&_ct=30&_acct=C000066028&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=6686535&md5=6552b449993917f81530d9d6bf401b72

Wijegoonawardane PKM; Sittidilokratna N; Petchampai N; Cowley JA; Gudkovs N; Walker PJ, 2009. Homologous genetic recombination in the yellow head complex of nidoviruses infecting Penaeus monodon shrimp. Virology, 390(1):79-88. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WXR-4WDNBPK-1&_user=10&_coverDate=07%2F20%2F2009&_rdoc=11&_fmt=high&_orig=browse&_srch=doc-info(%23toc%237165%232009%23996099998%231280049%23FLA%23display%23Volume)&_cdi=7165&_sort=d&_docanchor=&_ct=17&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=9733d9325e60b6c7cbaff59911c28ced

Distribution References

Chantanachookin C, Boonyaratpalin S, Kasornchandra J, Direkbusarakom S, Ekpanithanpong U, Supamataya K, Sriurairatana S, Flegel T W, 1993. Histology and ultrastructure reveal a new granulosis-like virus in Penaeus monodon affected by yellow-head disease. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 17 (2), 145-157. DOI:10.3354/dao017145

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4., Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. https://www.oie.int/

OIE, 2018. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2018a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int

OIE, 2019. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2019a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS). Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

Distribution Maps

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