Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cotesia flavipes

Toolbox

Datasheet

Cotesia flavipes

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cotesia flavipes
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleAdult - line drawing
Caption
CopyrightIRRI
Adult - line drawingIRRI

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cotesia flavipes Cameron 1891

Other Scientific Names

  • Apanteles flavipes Szepligeti 1904
  • Apanteles simplicis

EPPO code

  • APANFL (Apanteles flavipes)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hymenoptera
  •                         Family: Braconidae
  •                             Genus: Cotesia
  •                                 Species: Cotesia flavipes

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

BeninPresent
ComorosPresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
KenyaPresentIntroducedEstablished
MadagascarPresent
MauritiusPresent
RéunionPresent
South AfricaPresent
TanzaniaPresent
UgandaPresent

Asia

British Indian Ocean TerritoryPresent
ChinaPresent
Hong KongPresent
IndiaPresent
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-AssamPresent
-DelhiPresent
-HaryanaPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-Madhya PradeshPresent
-PunjabPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-West BengalPresent
IndonesiaPresent
-JavaPresent
-SumatraPresentIntroducedEstablished
JapanPresent
MalaysiaPresent
-SarawakPresent
NepalPresent
PakistanPresentIntroducedEstablished
PhilippinesPresent
Sri LankaPresent
TaiwanPresent
ThailandPresent

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresent
BahamasPresent
BarbadosPresentIntroducedEstablishment uncertain
Costa RicaPresent
GuadeloupePresent
HondurasPresent
JamaicaPresentIntroducedEstablishment uncertain
MexicoPresentIntroducedEstablishment uncertain; Original citation: Rodriguez del Bosque et al. 1989
PanamaPresentIntroducedEstablished
Saint Kitts and NevisPresentIntroducedEstablished; Original citation: Yassen & Bennett 1979
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresent
Trinidad and TobagoPresentIntroducedEstablishment uncertain
United StatesPresent
-FloridaPresentIntroducedEstablished
-HawaiiPresentIntroducedEstablished
-MinnesotaPresent
-TexasPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
Papua New GuineaPresent, Widespread

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BoliviaPresentIntroducedEstablishment uncertain
BrazilPresentIntroducedEstablishment uncertain
-AlagoasPresent
-ParaibaPresent
-ParanaPresent
-PernambucoPresentOriginal citation: Lima-Filho et al. (1979)
-Rio de JaneiroPresentOriginal citation: Lima-Filho et al. (1979)
-Rio Grande do NortePresent
-Sao PauloPresent
EcuadorPresent
PeruPresentIntroducedEstablishment uncertain
VenezuelaPresent

References

Top of page

Alam MM, 1980. Biological and ecological factors affecting populations of the sugarcane moth-borer, Diatrpa saccharalis (Lep.: Pyralidae) Barbados, W.I. Entomophaga, 25(4):401-413

Alam MM; Beg MN; Ghani MA, 1972. Introduction of Apanteles spp. against graminaceous borers into Pakistan. Technical Bulletin of the Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, No. 15:1-10

Alam MM; Bennett FD; Carl KP, 1971. Biological control of Diatraea saccharalis (F.) in Barbados by Apanteles flavipes CAM. and Lixophaga diatraeae T.T. Entomophaga, 16(2):151-158.

Appert J, 1973. Insect parasites of borers of Graminaceae in Madagascar. Entomophaga, 18(1):77-94

Ayquipa A G; Cueva C MA; Sirlopu R J, 1979. Introduction of Apanteles flavipes Cameron (Hym.: Braconidae) for biological control of the sugarcane borer Diatrpa saccharalis Fabr. (Lep.: Crambidae) in Peru. Entomology Newsletter, No. 7:8

Badilla F F; Solis AI; Alfaro D, 1991. Biological control of the sugarcane stem borer Diatraea spp. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Costa Rica. Manejo Integrado de Plagas, No. 20-21:39-44

Baker PS; Khan A; Mohyuddin AI; Waage JK, 1992. Overview of biological control of Lepidoptera in the Caribbean. Florida Entomologist, 75(4):477-483

Barpete RD; Shinde CB, 1991. Seasonal occurrence of Apanteles flavipes (Cameron) on borer larvae in Madhya Pradesh. Sorghum Newsletter, 32:53

Betbeder-Matibet M, 1990. Elevege plusiers especes du genre Chilo et de certains de leurs parasites pour la lutte biologique contre les foreurs des graminees en Afrique. Inect. Sci. Appli., 11(4/5):617-623.

Bordat D, 1983. Mise au point de l'elevage de masse d'Apanteles chilonis Matsumura 1912 et d'Apanteles flavipes (Cameron 1891) (Hymenoptera Braconidae) sur tris Lepidopteres Pyralidae foreurs des graminees (Chilo zacconius) Blezynski, 1970.; Chilo partellus (Swinhoe, 1984.) et Diatrea saccharalis (Fabricius 1794) dans un objectif de lutte biologie. These. Universite des sciences et techniques du languedoc.

Breniere J; Bordet D, 1982. Interest and difficulties of biological control by introduction of natural enemies -- case of the rice borers in Africa. Agronomie Tropicale, 37(2):203-206

Cheng WY; Chang CH; Wang ZT, 1987. Occurrence of Cotesia flavipes Cameron (Hym: Braconidae) in autumn sugarcane fields. Report of the Taiwan Sugar Research Institute, No. 117:31-41

Chiang HC; Palmer DF, 1978. Attempts to enrich the parasite fauna of the European corn borer in Minnesota. Journal of the Minnesota Academy of Science, 44(2):15-17

CIBC, 1968-72. Annual Reports of the Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control.

Cueva C M; Ayquipa A G; Mescua B V, 1980. Studies on Apanteles flavipes (Cameron), introduced to control Diatraea saccharalis (F.) in Peru. Revista Peruana de Entomologia, 23(1):73-76

Delattre P, 1978. Features of the establishment and dispersal in Guadeloupe of Apanteles flavipes (Hym.: Braconidae), parasite of sugar-cane pyralids of the genus Diatrpa (Lep.: Pyralidae). Entomophaga, 23(1):43-50

Falloon T, 1988. Stalk borer damage levels as a measure of the impact of the biological control programme against Diatrpa saccharalis (F.) in Jamaica. Journal of the Jamaican Association of Sugar Technologists, 39:35-38

Fuchs TW; Huffman FR; Smith JW Jr, 1979. Introduction and establishment of Apanteles flavipes (Hym.: Braconidae) on Diatrpa saccharalis (Lep.: Pyralidae) in Texas. Entomophaga, 24(2):109-114

Gallo D, 1980. Status of the biological control of the sugar-cane borer in Brazil. Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil, 9(2):303-308

Gifford JR; Mann GA, 1967. Biology, rearing and a trial release of Apanteles flavipes in the Florida Everglades to Control the sugarcane borer. Journal of Economic Entomology, 60(1):41-47.

Greathead DJ, 1971. A review of biological control in the Ethiopian Region. CIBC Technical Communication No. 5. Farnham Royal, UK: CAB International.

Greathead DJ; Greathead AH, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information, 13(4):61N-68N.

Hang SB; Lin GN, 1989. Biological characteristics of Apanteles chilonis (Hym.: Braconidae), a parasite of Chilo sp. (Lep.: Pyralidae). Chinese Journal of Biological Control, 5(1):16-19

Hang SB; Lu ZQ, 1991. Physiological and biochemical changes in the hemolymph of Chilo suppressalis larvae parasitized by Apanteles chilonis. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 34(4):427-432

Jamaica; Sugar Industry Research Institute, 1991. Report for quarter ended March 1991. Mandeville, Jamaica; Sugar Industry Research Institute, 46 pp.

Kajita H; Drake EF, 1969. Biology of Apanteles chilonis and A. flavipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), parasites of Chilo suppressalis. Mushi, 42(14):163-179.

Kakar KL; Dogra GS, 1989. Some natural enemies of lepidopterous pests in Himachal Pradesh. Agricultural Science Digest (Karnal), 9(2):74-76

Kfir R, 1990. Parasites of the spotted stalk borer, Chilo partellus (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in South Africa. Entomophaga, 35(3):403-410

Kfir R, 1991. Selecting parasites for biological control of lepidopterous stalk borers in summer grain crops in South Africa. Redia. Paper presented at the 4th European Workshop 'Insect parasitoids', held in Perugia, Italy, 3-5 April 1991, 74(3):231-236.

Kfir R, 1992. Seasonal abundance of the stem borer, Chilo partellus (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and its parasites on summer grain crops. Journal of Economic Entomology, 85(2):518-529

Kfir R, 1994. Attempts at biological control of the stem borer Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in South Africa. African Entomology, 2(1):67-68

Kfir R; Bell RA, 1993. Intraseasonal changes in populations of the African stem borer Busseola fusca (Fuller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its parasitoids in Natal, South Africa. Revue de Zoologie Africaine, 107(6):543-553

Kishore P, 1986. Studies on natural enemies of the spotted stem borer (Chilo partellus (Swinhoe)). Sorghum Newsletter, No. 29:65-66

Kuniata LS; Sweet CPM, 1994. Management of Sesamia grisescens Walker (Lep.: Noctuidae), a sugar-cane borer in Papua New Guinea. Crop Protection, 13(7):488-493

LaSalle J, 1993. Aprostocetus (Ootetrastichus) theioneurus (Masi) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae): a hyperparasitoid on the cereal stem borer Chilo partellus (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Africa. Zoologische Mededelingen, 67(27-43):445-451

Li CS, 1990. Status and control of Chilo spp., their distribution, host range and economic importance in Oceania. Insect Science and its Application, 11(4-5):535-539

Lima Filho M; Riscado GM; Barbosa JT, 1979. Behaviour of the sugar-cane borer, Diatrpa spp. in the State of Rio de Janeiro during the 3-year period 1975--77. Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil, 8(2):257-280

Linares B; Gil GY, 1992. Presence of Cotesia flavipes (Cameron) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), parasitoid of sugarcane borers Diatraea spp. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Venezuela. Boletin de Entomologia Venezolana, 7(1):81-83

Macedo N; Araujo JR de; Botelho PSM, 1993. Sixteen years of biological control of Diatraea saccharalis (Fabr.) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) by Cotesia flavipes (Cam.) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil, 22(3):441-448

Macedo N; Mendonca Filho AF; Moreno JA; Pinazza AH, 1984. Evaluation of the economic advantages of 10years of biological control of Diatraea spp. through Apanteles flavipes Cameron, in the state of Alagoas (Brazil), 22:503-518.

Mahadeo CR, 1991. Evaluation of the biological control program against Diatraea spp. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on sugar cane in Trinidad. Proceedings of the 24th West Indies Sugar Technologists' Conference, Kingston, 8-12 April 1991 Bridgetown, Barbados; Sugar Association of the Caribbean, 60-65

Maninder; Varma GC, 1982. Record of a hyperparasitoid Eupteromalus sp. near parnarp Gahan (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) from the Punjab, India. Entomon, 7(3):335-336

Melo LAS, 1990. Biological control of agricultural pests in Brazil. Investigacao Agraria, Cape Verde, 3(2):35-38

Mohan BR; Verma AN; Singh SP, 1991. Periodic parasitisation of Chilo partellus (Swin.) larvae on forage sorghum in Haryana. Journal of Insect Science, 4(2):167-169

Mohyuddin AI, 1971. Comparative biology and ecology of Apanteles flavipes (Cam.) and A. sesamiae Cam. as parasites of graminaceous borers Bull. ent. Research, 61:33-39.

Mohyuddin AI, 1991. Utilization of natural enemies for the control of insect pests of sugar-cane. Insect Science and its Application, 12(1-3):19-26

Mohyuddin AI; Greathead DJ, 1970. An annoted list of the parasites of graminaceous stem borers in the East Africa, with a discussion of their potential in biological control. Entomophaga, 15(3):243-274.

Mohyuddin AI; Inayatullah C; King EG, 1981. Host selection and strain occurrence in Apanteles flavipes (Cameron) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and its bearing on biological control of graminaceous stem-borers (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 71(4):575-581

Mourtia LA; Courtois CM, 1952. Parasites of the moth-borers of sugar-cane in Mauritius. Bull. ent. Research, 43:325-359.

Nagaraja H, 1971. Morphological differences between Apanteles chilonis (Munakata) and A. sesamiae Cameron (Hym.:Braconidae), parasites on Graminaceous moth borers. Technical Bulletin of the Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, No. 14:59-61

Nath DK; Hikim IS, 1978. Braconid parasites of rice yellow borer Tryporyza incertulas in West Bengal, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 3(5):21

Ngi-Song AJ; Overholt WA; Ayertey JN, 1995. Suitability of African gramineous stemborers for development of Cotesia flavipes and C. sesamiae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Environmental Entomology, 24(4):978-984

Ngi-Song AJ; Overholt WA; Njagi PGN; Dicke M; Ayertey JN; Lwande W, 1996. Volatile infochemicals used in host and host habitat location by Cotesia flavipes Cameron and Cotesia sesamiae (Cameron) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), larval parasitoids of stemborers on graminae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 22(2):307-323; 49 ref.

Nigam H, 1981. Aphanogmus fijiensis Ferriere, (Hymenoptera-Ceraphronidae) a hyperparasite of Apanteles flavipes Cameron from Uttar Pradesh. Indian Journal of Entomology, 43(4):453

Omwega CO; Kimani SW; Overholt WA; Ogol CKPO, 1995. Evidence of the establishment of Cotesia flavipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in continental Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 85(4):525-530; 24 ref.

Ooi AC P, 1974. A padi stem-borer survey in the Muda scheme, Kedah. Malaysian Agricultural Journal, 49(4):525-531

Overholt WA, 1993. Laboratory rearing procedure for for Cotesia flavipes. In Overholt WA, ed. Proceedings of group training course on identification of Cotesia spp., stemborer parasitoids.

Overholt WA; Ngi-Song AJ; Kimani SK; Mbapila J; Lammers P; Kioko E, 1994. Ecological considerations of the introduction of Cotesia flavipes Cameron (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) for biological control of Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Africa. Biocontrol News and Information, 15(2):19N-24N

Overholt WA; Smith JW Jr, 1990. Colonization of six exotic parasites (Hymenoptera) against Diatraea grandiosella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in corn. Environmental Entomology, 19(6):1889-1902.

Pereira CEF, 1978. Introduction and adaptation of Apanteles flavipes Cam. (Hym.: Braconidae), parasite of Diatrpa spp., in the sugarcane areas of the state of Pernambuco, Paraiba and Rio Grande do Norte - Brazil. International Society of Sugarcane Technologists Entomology Newsletter, No. 5:15-16

Polaszek A; Walker AK, 1991. The Cotesia flavipes species-complex: parasitoids of cereal stem borers in the tropics. Redia. 74: 3, Appendix, 335-341, 15 ref., Paper presented at the 4th European Workshop 'Insect parasitoids', held in Perugia, Italy, 3-5 April 1991.

Potting RPJ; Osae-Danso F; Overholt WA; Ngi-Song A, 1993. Host selection in Cotesia flavipes, parasitoid of tropical stemborers. Proc. Exper. & appl. Entomol. N.E.V. Amsterdam, 4:47-52.

Rajabalee MA; Govendasamy M, 1988. Host specificity and efficacy of Apanteles flavipes (Cam.) and A. sesamiae (Cam.) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) parasites of sugar can moth borers in Mauritius. Revue Agricole et Sucriere de l'Ile Maurice, 67(1-3):78-80

Rao PK; Ali MH, 1976. Some natural enemies of rice and sorghum stem borers in Andhra Pradesh. Indian Journal of Entomology, 38(2):191-193

Rice ER, 1981. Biological-chemical control of sugarcane borers in Florida. Sugar Journal, 43(9):17-19.

Risco SH; Brandao C JM, 1976. Preliminary results on the propagation of Apanteles flavipes, a parasite of Diatraea spp. in the regional laboratories of the State of Alagoas. Brasil Acucareiro, 87(5):25-29.

Rodriguez-del-Bosque LA; Browning HW; Smith JW Jr, 1989. Seasonal parasitism of cornstalk borers (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) by indigenous and introduced parasites in northeastern Mexico. Environmental Entomology, 19(2):393-402

Rodriguez-del-Bosque LA; Smith JW Jr, 1990. Parasitization of Diatrpa lineolata pupae and diapausing larvae by several exotic parasites. Florida Entomologist, 73(4):703-705

Scheibelreiter GK, 1980. Sugarcane stem borers (Lep.: Noctuidae and Pyralidae) in Ghana. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 89(1):87-99

Schotman CYL, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. RLAC-PROVEG, No. 21:80 pp.

Shami S; Mohyuddin AI, 1987. Host selection by Indonesian strain of Apanteles flavipes (Cam.) and its suitability for various graminaceous borers in Pakistan. Proceedings of the Annual Convention, Pakistan Society of Sugar Technologists Lahore, Pakistan; Pakistan Society of Sugar Technologists, No. 23:286-291

Shami S; Mohyuddin AI, 1992. Studies on host plant preference of Cotesia flavipes (Cameron) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) an important parasitoid of graminaceous stalk borers. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 24(4):313-316

Sigwalt B; Pointel JG, 1980. Specific status and separation of Apanteles of the sub-group flavipes (Hym.: Braconidae) used in biological control. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France, 16(1):109-128

Skorosweski RW; Van Hamburg H, 1987. The release of Apanteles flavipes (Cameron) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) against stalk-borers of maize and grain-sorghum in South Africa. J. ent. Soc. sth. Afri., 50(1):249-255.

Squire FA, 1972. Biological control. Entomological problems in Bolivia. PANS., 18:263.

Thornton IWB; Marshall AT; Kwan WH; Ma Q, 1975. Studies on Lepidopterous pests of rice crops in Hong Kong, with particular reference to the yellow stem-borer, Tryporyza incertulas (Wlk.). PANS, 21(3):239-252

Ullyet GC, 1935. Notes on Apanteles sesamiae Cam. a parasite of the maize stalk-borer (Busseola fusca, Fuller) in South Africa. Bull. ent. Res., 26:253-262.

van Leerdam MB; Smith Jr JW; Fuchs TW, 1885. Frass-mediated, host-finding behaviour of Cotesia flavipes a braconid parasite of Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer., 78:647-650.

Varma GC; Bindra OS, 1973. Laboratory studies on superparasitism in Apanteles flavipes (Cameron) and Apanteles chilonis Munakata (Braconidae: Hymenoptera). Indian Journal of Entomology, 35(4):281-284

Varma GC; Bindra OS, 1973. Mating and oviposition behaviour in two Apanteles species. Indian Journal of Entomology, 35(4):356-357

Varma GC; Bindra OS, 1973. Technique for rearing of Apanteles spp. (Braconidae: Hymenoptera). Indian Journal of Entomology, 35(3):276-277

Varma GC; Bindra OS, 1974. Laboratory studies on host-parasite relationships of two Apanteles species when reared on Chilo partellus (Swinhoe). Indian Journal of Entomology, 36(2):110-112

Varma GC; Bindra OS, 1974. Laboratory studies on multiparasitism in Apanteles flavipes (Cameron) and Apanteles chilonis Munakata (Braconidae: Hymenoptera). Indian Journal of Entomology, 36(1):34-37

Varma GC; Mohanty SN; Maninder, 1981. Natural enemies of Acigona steniella (Hmps.) (Crambidae: Lepidoptera) in the Punjab. Journal of Research, Punjab Agricultural University, 18(2):163-169

Walker AK; Overholt WA, 1993. Biology, host range, and distribution of Cotesia flavipes complex. In Overholt WA, ed. Proceeedings of group training course on identification of Cotesia spp., stemborer parasitoids.

Wiedenmann RN; Smith JW Jr; Darnell PO, 1992. Laboratory rearing and biology of the parasite Cotesia flavipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) using Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) as a host. Environmental Entomology, 21(5):1160-1167

Yaseen M; Bennett FD, 1979. Current status of Diatrpa saccharalis and its introduced parasites in St. Kitts, 1978. Entomology Newsletter, No. 7:13-14

Youm O; Browning HW; Gilstrap FE, 1988. Population dynamics of stalk borers attacking corn and sorghum in the Texas Rio Grande Valley. Southwestern Entomologist, 13(3):199-204

Youm O; Gilstrap FE; Browning HW, 1990. Parasitism of stem borers (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) associated with corn and sorghum in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Journal of Economic Entomology, 83(1):84-88

Distribution References

Alam M M, 1980. Biological and ecological factors affecting populations of the sugarcane moth-borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Lep.: Pyralidae) Barbados, W.I. Entomophaga. 25 (4), 401-413. DOI:10.1007/BF02374703

Alam M M, Bennet F D, Carl K P, 1971. Biological control of Diatraea saccharalis (F.) in Barbados by Apanteles flavipes Cam. and Lixophaga diatraeae T.T. Entomophaga. 16 (2), 151-158. DOI:10.1007/BF02371165

Ayquipa A G, Cueva C M A, Sirlopu R J, 1979. Introduction of Apanteles flavipes Cameron (Hym.: Braconidae) for biological control of the sugarcane borer Diatraea saccharalis Fabr. (Lep.: Crambidae) in Peru. Entomology Newsletter. 8.

Badilla F F, Solís A I, Alfaro D, 1991. Biological control of the sugarcane stem borer Diatraea spp. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Costa Rica. (Control biológico del taladrador de la caña de azúcar Diatraea spp. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) en Costa Rica.). Manejo Integrado de Plagas. 39-44.

Betbeder-Matibet M, 1990. (Elevege plusiers especes du genre Chilo et de certains de leurs parasites pour la lutte biologique contre les foreurs des graminees en Afrique). In: Inect. Sci. Appli. 11 (4/5) 617-623.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chiang H C, Palmer D F, 1978. Attempts to enrich the parasite fauna of the European corn borer in Minnesota. Journal of the Minnesota Academy of Science. 44 (2), 15-17.

Delattre P, 1978. Features of the establishment and dispersal in Guadeloupe of Apanteles flavipes (Hym.: Braconidae), parasite of sugar-cane pyralids of the genus Diatraea (Lep.: Pyralidae). (Conditions d'etablissement et de dispersion en Guadeloupe d'Apanteles flavipes (Hym.: Braconidae), parasite des pyrales de la canna a sucre du genre Diatraea (Lep.: Pyralidae).). Entomophaga. 23 (1), 43-50. DOI:10.1007/BF02371990

Falloon T, 1988. Stalk borer damage levels as a measure of the impact of the biological control programme against Diatraea saccharalis (F.) in Jamaica. Journal of the Jamaican Association of Sugar Technologists. 35-38.

Fuchs T W, Huffman F R, Smith J W Jr, 1979. Introduction and establishment of Apanteles flavipes (Hym.: Braconidae) on Diatraea saccharalis (Lep.: Pyralidae) in Texas. Entomophaga. 24 (2), 109-114. DOI:10.1007/BF02375123

Gallo D, 1980. Status of the biological control of the sugar-cane borer in Brazil. (Situacao do controle biologico da broca da cana-de-acucar no Brasil.). Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil. 9 (2), 303-308.

Gifford JR, Mann GA, 1967. Biology, rearing and a trial release of Apanteles flavipes in the Florida Everglades to Control the sugarcane borer. In: Journal of Economic Entomology, 60 (1) 41-47.

Greathead D J, Greathead A H, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information. 13 (4), 61N-68N.

KAJITA H, DRAKE E F, 1969. Biology of Apanteles chilonis and A. flavipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) parasites of Chilo suppressalis. Mushi = J. Fukuoka Ent. Soc. 42 (pt. 14), 163-179 pp.

Kakar K L, Dogra G S, 1989. Some natural enemies of lepidopterous pests in Himachal Pradesh. Agricultural Science Digest (Karnal). 9 (2), 74-76.

Li C S, 1990. Status and control of Chilo spp., their distribution, host range and economic importance in Oceania. In: Insect Science and its Application, 11 (4-5) 535-539.

Linares B, Gil G Y, 1992. Presence of Cotesia flavipes (Cameron) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), parasitoid of sugarcane borers Diatraea spp. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Venezuela. (Presencia de Cotesia flavipes (Cameron) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), parasito de los taladradores de la caña de azucar Diatraea spp. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) en Venezuela.). Boletín de Entomología Venezolana. 7 (1), 81-83.

Macedo N, Araújo J R de, Botelho P S M, 1993. Sixteen years of biological control of Diatraea saccharalis (Fabr.) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) by Cotesia flavipes (Cam.) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil. 22 (3), 441-448.

Mahadeo C R, 1991. Evaluation of the biological control program against Diatraea spp. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on sugar cane in Trinidad. In: Proceedings of the 24th West Indies Sugar Technologists' Conference, Kingston, 8-12 April 1991. [Proceedings of the 24th West Indies Sugar Technologists' Conference, Kingston, 8-12 April 1991.], Bridgetown, Barbados: Sugar Association of the Caribbean. 60-65.

Mohan B R, Verma A N, Singh S P, 1991. Periodic parasitisation of Chilo partellus (Swin.) larvae on forage sorghum in Haryana. Journal of Insect Science. 4 (2), 167-169.

Mohyuddin A I, 1991. Utilization of natural enemies for the control of insect pests of sugar-cane. In: Insect Science and its Application, 12 (1-3) 19-26.

Nath D K, Hikim I S, 1978. Braconid parasites of rice yellow borer Tryporyza incertulas in West Bengal, India. International Rice Research Newsletter. 3 (5), 21.

Nigam H, 1981. Aphanogmus fijiensis Ferriere, (Hymenoptera-Ceraphronidae) a hyperparasite of Apanteles flavipes Cameron from Uttar Pradesh. Indian Journal of Entomology. 43 (4), 453.

Ooi A C P, 1974. A padi stem-borer survey in the Muda scheme, Kedah. Malaysian Agricultural Journal. 49 (4), 525-531.

Pereira C E F, 1978. Introduction and adaptation of Apanteles flavipes Cam. (Hym.: Braconidae), parasite of Diatraea spp., in the sugarcane areas of the state of Pernambuco, Paraiba and Rio Grande do Norte - Brazil. International Society of Sugarcane Technologists Entomology Newsletter. 15-16.

Rao P K, Ali M H, 1976. Some natural enemies of rice and sorghum stem borers in Andhra Pradesh. Indian Journal of Entomology. 38 (2), 191-193.

Rice E R, 1981. Biological-chemical control of sugarcane borers in Florida. Sugar Journal. 43 (9), 17-19.

Risco S H, Brandao C J M, 1976. Preliminary results on the propagation of Apanteles flavipes, a parasite of Diatraea spp. in the regional laboratories of the State of Alagoas. (Primeiras avaliacoes da propagacao do parasito de Diatraea spp., Apanteles flavipes C., nos laboratorios setoriais do Estado de Alagoas.). Brasil Acucareiro. 87 (5), 25-29.

Schotman C Y L, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. In: RLAC-PROVEG, 80 pp.

Squire F A, 1972. Biological control. PANS. 263.

Youm O, Browning H W, Gilstrap F E, 1988. Population dynamics of stalk borers attacking corn and sorghum in the Texas Rio Grande Valley. Southwestern Entomologist. 13 (3), 199-204.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map
Select a dataset
Map Legends
  • CABI Summary Records
Map Filters
Extent
Invasive
Origin
Third party data sources: