Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ziziphus jujuba
(common jujube)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Ziziphus jujuba (common jujube)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ziziphus jujuba
  • Preferred Common Name
  • common jujube
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Charcoal
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Invertebrate food for lac/wax insects
  • Invertebrate food for silkworms

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleTree habit
Caption
Copyright©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)
Tree habit©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)
Z. jujuba: young tree
TitleTree habit
CaptionZ. jujuba: young tree
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Z. jujuba: young tree
Tree habitZ. jujuba: young tree©K.M. Siddiqui
Z. jujuba: tree habit
TitleTree habit
CaptionZ. jujuba: tree habit
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Z. jujuba: tree habit
Tree habitZ. jujuba: tree habit©K.M. Siddiqui
Z. jujuba: crown habit
TitleCrown
CaptionZ. jujuba: crown habit
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Z. jujuba: crown habit
CrownZ. jujuba: crown habit©K.M. Siddiqui
Z. jujuba: bark
TitleBark
CaptionZ. jujuba: bark
Copyright©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)
Z. jujuba: bark
BarkZ. jujuba: bark©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)
Z. jujuba: branch and foliage - note thorns
TitleBranch
CaptionZ. jujuba: branch and foliage - note thorns
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Z. jujuba: branch and foliage - note thorns
BranchZ. jujuba: branch and foliage - note thorns©K.M. Siddiqui
Z. jujuba: leaves and flowers
TitleFoliage
CaptionZ. jujuba: leaves and flowers
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Z. jujuba: leaves and flowers
FoliageZ. jujuba: leaves and flowers©K.M. Siddiqui
Leaves and flowers of Z. jujuba (top of picture = upper surface; bottom of picture = lower surface).
TitleLeaves and flowers
CaptionLeaves and flowers of Z. jujuba (top of picture = upper surface; bottom of picture = lower surface).
Copyright©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)
Leaves and flowers of Z. jujuba (top of picture = upper surface; bottom of picture = lower surface).
Leaves and flowersLeaves and flowers of Z. jujuba (top of picture = upper surface; bottom of picture = lower surface).©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)
Ripe and unripe fruit of Z. jujuba.
TitleFruit
CaptionRipe and unripe fruit of Z. jujuba.
Copyright©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)
Ripe and unripe fruit of Z. jujuba.
FruitRipe and unripe fruit of Z. jujuba.©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ziziphus jujuba Mill.

Preferred Common Name

  • common jujube

Other Scientific Names

  • Rhamnus zizyphus L.
  • Ziziphus abyssinica Hochst.
  • Ziziphus sativa Gaertn., nom. illeg.
  • Ziziphus spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex F. H. Chen, nom. illeg.
  • Ziziphus vulgaris Lam., nom. illeg.
  • Ziziphus vulgaris var. spinosa Bunge
  • Ziziphus zizyphus (L.) Meikle

International Common Names

  • English: Chinese date tree; Chinese jujube tree; jujube
  • Spanish: azufaifo; jinjolero
  • French: gingeolier; guindanlier; jujubier common

Local Common Names

  • Afghanistan: ber; bor; jelachi; kabuli ber; pewandi ber; regu; seo ber; yellandri
  • Germany: acofeifeira; Brustbeerbaum; chinesische; Judendorn; jujube; Kahlblaettriger Jujubenstrauch
  • India: ber; bor; jelachi; regu; yellandri
  • Italy: giuggiolo; sisifo
  • Myanmar: zi
  • Netherlands: jujubenboom
  • Pakistan: ber; bor; jelachi; regu; yellandri

EPPO code

  • ZIPJU (Ziziphus jujuba)

Trade name

  • ber

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rhamnales
  •                         Family: Rhamnaceae
  •                             Genus: Ziziphus
  •                                 Species: Ziziphus jujuba

List of Pests

Top of page

Major host of:

Armillaria tabescens (armillaria root rot); Bactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly); Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Ceroplastes floridensis (soft scale); Ceroplastes japonicus (tortoise wax scale); Parlatoria oleae (olive scale); Phytoplasma ziziphi; Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Tetranychus truncatus

Minor host of:

Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Aonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale); Aspergillus flavus (Aspergillus ear rot); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Bactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly); Bactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly); Bactrocera neohumeralis; Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Carposina sasakii (peach fruit moth); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Ceratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly); Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale); Coccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug); Cricula trifenestrata (tea flush worm); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Fusarium proliferatum; Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Hop stunt viroid (hop stunt viroid); Meloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode); Orgyia postica (cocoa tussock moth); Pseudocercospora zizyphus-jujubae; Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Tylenchorhynchus mashhoodi; Xanthomonas arboricola

Wild host of:

Lobesia botrana (European grapevine moth); Phyllophaga (white grubs)

Host of (source - data mining):

Bactrocera diversa (fruit fly, three striped); Carpomya vesuviana

Uses List

Top of page

Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Invertebrate food for lac/wax insects
  • Invertebrate food for silkworms

Environmental

  • Agroforestry

Fuels

  • Charcoal
  • Fuelwood

Human food and beverage

  • Fruits

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Chemicals
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

Top of page

Charcoal

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • For light construction

Woodware

  • Wood carvings