Zeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)
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PicturesTop of page
IdentityTop of page
Preferred Scientific Name
- Zeuzera pyrina (L.) 1761
Preferred Common Name
- wood leopard moth
Other Scientific Names
- Cossus aesculi
- Zeuzera aesculi (L.)
- Zeuzera leuconotum
International Common Names
- English: leopard moth; moth, leopard; wood leopard moth
- Spanish: taladro amarillo de los troncos; taladro de los frutales
- French: coquette; zeuzere; zeuzère; zeuzere du poirier
Local Common Names
- Denmark: traeborer, plettet
- Germany: Blausieb; Bohrer, Apfel-; Bohrer, Rosskastanien-
- Israel: sas hanamer
- Italy: perdilegno bianco; perdilegno giallo; rodilegno giallo; tarlo degli alberi di frutto; Zeuzera bianco
- Netherlands: Houtrups, gele; Houtvlinder, gestippelde
- Norway: greindreper
- Sweden: traefjaeril, blaflaeckig
- Turkey: sari agac kurdu
- ZEUZPY (Zeuzera pyrina)
Taxonomic TreeTop of page
- Domain: Eukaryota
- Kingdom: Metazoa
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Subphylum: Uniramia
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Lepidoptera
- Family: Cossidae
- Genus: Zeuzera
- Species: Zeuzera pyrina
DescriptionTop of page
Light yellow to bright salmon pink, approximately 1 mm long.
Larvae are 50 to 60 mm long, bright yellow with numerous small black points on each segment. The head and the thoracic plates are shiny black.
Thorax is white or grey, hairy with six blueish-black spots; abdomen is relatively long. The wings are white, and are sprinkled with small metallic-blue spots; female wingspan 50-60 mm, male wingspan 35-40 mm.
Distribution TableTop of page
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.Last updated: 17 Feb 2021
|Continent/Country/Region||Distribution||Last Reported||Origin||First Reported||Invasive||Reference||Notes|
|Federal Republic of Yugoslavia||Present|
|Union of Soviet Socialist Republics||Present|
|United Kingdom||Present, Localized|
Hosts/Species AffectedTop of page
Host Plants and Other Plants AffectedTop of page
Growth StagesTop of page
SymptomsTop of page
List of Symptoms/SignsTop of page
|Stems / internal feeding|
|Stems / visible frass|
Biology and EcologyTop of page
Embryonic development lasts for 7-23 days. Young caterpillars at first remain clustered in a silken cocoon from which they eventually disperse at dawn or at dusk. They then bore into the tips of branches and shoots, or into young shoots near an axillary bud, and then move downwards to attack younger parts of the tree. Feeding and tunnelling in older wood continue for 2-3 years. When fully grown, usually in late spring, caterpillars are about 50 mm long. After several migrations, the larvae attack the larger branches and the trunk, in which they form ascending galleries under the bark, then in the wood. Larval entry holes are marked by sap outflows, sawdust and frass (in the shape of small cylinders).
In France, the life cycle lasts 2 years, adults appearing from the beginning of June to August and pupation occurring from April to July. Young caterpillars attached to silk threads can be carried by the wind; this mode of dispersal is often predominant in young orchards and on trees situated close to hedges and thickets. In spring, larvae continue boring galleries only in the wood, often in the centre of the branch.
Natural enemiesTop of page
|Natural enemy||Type||Life stages||Specificity||References||Biological control in||Biological control on|
|Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae||Pathogen||Arthropods|Larvae|
|Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis||Pathogen||Arthropods|Larvae|
|Dolichogenidea laevigata||Parasite||Arthropods|Larvae||Israel; Syria||apples; Ulmus|
ImpactTop of page
ReferencesTop of page
CDA, 1988. Plant Protection - Entomology. Annual Report of the Department of Agriculture for the year 1987. Nicosia, Cyprus: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 37-40
Gratwick, 1992. Crop pests in the UK. Collected edition of MAFF leaflets. London, UK: Chapman & Hall, 126-127
Talhouk AS, 1950a. A list of insects observed on economically important plants and plant products in Lebanon. Bull. Review of Applied Entomology (A), 40:136
Talhouk AS, 1950b. A list of insects observed on plants of economic importance in Syria. Bull. Soc. Fouad. Ier. Ent., 38:305-309
CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI
CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI
CDA, 1988. Plant Protection - Entomology. In: Annual Report of the Department of Agriculture for the year 1987, Nicosia, Cyprus: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources. 37-40.
Gratwick, 1992. Crop pests in the UK. Collected edition of MAFF leaflets., London, UK: Chapman & Hall. 126-127.
Nigro F, Boscia D, Antelmi I, Ippolito A, 2013. Fungal species associated with a severe decline of olive in southern Italy. Journal of Plant Pathology. 95 (3), 668. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/2985
Distribution MapsTop of page
Select a dataset
CABI Summary Records
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