Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Zeuzera coffeae
(coffee carpenter)



Zeuzera coffeae (coffee carpenter)


  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Zeuzera coffeae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • coffee carpenter
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Zeuzera coffeae Nietner

Preferred Common Name

  • coffee carpenter

Other Scientific Names

  • Zeuzera roricyanea

International Common Names

  • English: carpenter worm; cocoa pod and stem borer (Sri Lanka); coffee leopard moth; red branch borer; red coffee borer; red twig borer; tea stem borer (Sri Lanka)
  • French: ver rouge du cafeier

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Bohrer, Roter Kaffee-
  • Indonesia/Java: nonol

EPPO code

  • ZEUZCO (Zeuzera coffeae)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Cossidae
  •                             Genus: Zeuzera
  •                                 Species: Zeuzera coffeae

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Growth Stages

Top of page Seedling stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Growing point / internal feeding; boring
Stems / dieback
Stems / internal feeding
Stems / wilt
Whole plant / internal feeding
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Bracon zeuzerae Parasite Larvae
Gibberella fujikuroi Pathogen
Isosturmia chatterjeeana Parasite Larvae
Myosoma chinensis Parasite Larvae
Senometopia kockiana Parasite Larvae


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Abraham CC; Skaria BP, 1995. New record of the red borer Zeuzera coffeae Nietner (Cossidae: Lepidoptera) as a pest of allspice Pimenta dioica (Linn.) Merril. Insect Environment, 1(1):6

Chang CP, 1984. The morphology and life history of the coffee borer (Zeuzera coffeae Nietner) on grapevine in Taiwan. Plant Protection Bulletin, Taiwan, 26(2):145-153

CIE, 1973. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests. Map No. 313. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Dannerman KW, 1929. The Agricultural Zoology of the Malay Archipelago. The animals injurious and beneficial to agriculture, horticulture and forestry in the Malay Peninsula, the Dutch East Indies and the Philippines. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: J.H. de Bussy Ltd.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Feng RY; Guo LZ; Liang EY; Guan HY, 2000. Bionomics of Zeuzera coffeae and its control. Plant Protection, 26:12-14.

Hanif Gul; Wali-ur-Rehman, 1999. A note on walnut borer, Zeuzera coffeae (Cossidae; Lepidoptera) on walnut trees (Juglans regia) in District Dir. Pakistan Journal of Forestry, 49(1/4):117-120; 3 ref.

Hu M, 2001. Occurrence and control of two stem borers on blueberry. Entomological Knowledge, 38:221-222.

Jia KF et al., 2001. Occurrence and control of chestnut trunk pest insects. Forest Pest and Disease, 20:32-34.

Ma Jian Le; Bai HaiYan, 2004. The main pests in the pomegranate producing areas of Sichuan province and their integrated control. South China Fruits, 33(5):70-71.

Mathew G, 1987. Cossid pests of plantation crops in India and the prospects of their management. Journal of Coffee Research, 17(1):137-140

Rostaman, 1997. Pests and diseases of sandalwood in Kabupaten Kupang. Duta Rimba, 23(209/210):41-48; 12 ref.

Sathiamma B; Bhat KS, 1974. Record of a stem borer on cacao from India. Journal of Plantation Crops, 2(2):34-35

Schoorl JW Jr, 1990. A phylogenetic study on Cossidae (Lepidoptera: Ditrysia) based on external adult morphology. Zoologische Verhandelingen, No. 263:295 pp.

Sridhar V; Singh HS; Pandey V, 2002. Record of Zeuzera coffeae Nietner (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) as a pest of custard apples (Annona spp.) from the coastal area of Orissa. Progressive Horticulture, 34(1):128-129.

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Yang ChunCai; Hao WenGe; Jiang LiJun; Lei YaoSheng, 1997. Bionomics and effective accumulated temperature of Zeuzera coffeae Nietner. Journal of Tea Science, 17(1):43-46; 8 ref.

Distribution Maps

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