Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Zabrus tenebrioides
(corn ground beetle)



Zabrus tenebrioides (corn ground beetle)


  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Zabrus tenebrioides
  • Preferred Common Name
  • corn ground beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Zabrus tenebrioides Goeze

Preferred Common Name

  • corn ground beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Zabrus gibbus (Fabricius)

International Common Names

  • English: cereal ground beetle; ground beetle, cereal; ground beetle, corn
  • Spanish: carabo giboso; zabro de los cereales
  • French: zabre bossu; zabre des céréales; zabre des moissons
  • Portuguese: zabre dos cereais

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: akslober
  • Germany: Laufkaefer, Buckliger Getreide-; Laufkaefer, Gerteide-
  • Italy: zabro del grumento; zabro gobbo
  • Netherlands: Graanloopkever
  • Sweden: axloepare
  • Turkey: ekin kurdu

EPPO code

  • ZABUTE (Zabrus tenebrioides)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Carabidae
  •                             Genus: Zabrus
  •                                 Species: Zabrus tenebrioides

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020

Growth Stages

Top of page Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / shredding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Merops apiaster Predator
Viviania cinerea Predator/parasite
Zaira cinerea Parasite

Distribution References

Bassett P, 1978. Damage to winter cereals by Zabrus tenebrioides (Goeze) (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Plant Pathology. 27 (1), 48. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.1978.tb01074.x

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Ilic B, Stankovic A, 1951. The mass appearance of Zabrus tenebrioides in Yoiyodina in 1949. Plant. Prot. 57-61.

Kadocsa G, 1941. Contribution to the knowledge of the Morphology, life and injuriousness of Zabrus tenebrioides. In: Ku"lo"nleyomat a Novenyegeszgu gyi Evkonyv, Ko"ntetebol, Budapest, 38-82.

Kraslovets Yu G, 1991. Pre-sowing treatment of seeds with insectofungicides. Vestnik Sel'skokhozyaĭstvennoĭ Nauki (Moskva). 126-130.

Kreuz E, Engelhardt K, 1991. Studies on the occurrence of the corn ground beetle (Zabrus tenebrioides Goeze) in winter wheat and winter barley as influenced by crop rotation, tillage and manuring. (Studien zum Auftreten des Getreidelaufkäfers (Zabrus tenebrioides Goeze) in Beständen von Winterweizen und Wintergerste unter dem Einfluss von Fruchtfolge, Bodenbearbeitung und organischer Dungung.). Archiv für Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz. 27 (6), 487-493.

Martinez M, Pillon O, 1993. The cereal ground beetle: a pest still little known. (La Zabre des céréales: un ravageur encore mal connu.). Phytoma. 26-28, 33-34.

Nicosia O L D, Troccoli A, Codianni P, 1996. Zabrus tenebrioides: a focus of infestation in the province of Foggia. (Zabro gobbo: un focolaio di infestazione in provincia di Foggia.). Informatore Agrario. 52 (8), 127-128.

Săpunaru T, 1992. Dynamics and structure of pest species and damage induced in spiked cereal crops in Moldova during 1968-1991. (Dinamica și structura speciilor de dăunători și pagubele produse în culturile de cereale păioase din Moldova în perioada 1968-1991.). Probleme de Proteçtia Plantelor. 20 (1-2), 39-49.

Stamenković S, Horvat G, 1993. The corn ground beetle as a pest of sugarbeet. (Žitni bauljar oštećuje i šećernu repu.). Zaštita Bilja. 44 (1), 85-87.

Distribution Maps

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