Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Zabrotes subfasciatus
(Mexican bean weevil)

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Datasheet

Zabrotes subfasciatus (Mexican bean weevil)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Zabrotes subfasciatus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Mexican bean weevil
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Zabrotes subfasciatus (Mexican bean weevil); body length of adults ranges from 1.8 to 2.8 mm.
TitleScanning electron micrograph (SEM)
CaptionZabrotes subfasciatus (Mexican bean weevil); body length of adults ranges from 1.8 to 2.8 mm.
Copyright©Peter Credland
Zabrotes subfasciatus (Mexican bean weevil); body length of adults ranges from 1.8 to 2.8 mm.
Scanning electron micrograph (SEM)Zabrotes subfasciatus (Mexican bean weevil); body length of adults ranges from 1.8 to 2.8 mm.©Peter Credland
TitleAdult
Caption
Copyright©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin
Adult©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin
Adult Z. subfasciatus on damaged bean.
TitleLife cycle comparison between two bruchid adults
CaptionAdult Z. subfasciatus on damaged bean.
CopyrightCIAT
Adult Z. subfasciatus on damaged bean.
Life cycle comparison between two bruchid adultsAdult Z. subfasciatus on damaged bean.CIAT
Close-up of damage to beans, attributed to Z. subfasciatus.
TitleDamage to beans
CaptionClose-up of damage to beans, attributed to Z. subfasciatus.
CopyrightCIAT
Close-up of damage to beans, attributed to Z. subfasciatus.
Damage to beansClose-up of damage to beans, attributed to Z. subfasciatus.CIAT
Bruchid damage to beans, attributed to Z. subfasciatus.
TitleDamage to beans
CaptionBruchid damage to beans, attributed to Z. subfasciatus.
CopyrightCIAT
Bruchid damage to beans, attributed to Z. subfasciatus.
Damage to beansBruchid damage to beans, attributed to Z. subfasciatus.CIAT
Comparison of the life history of two bruchid beetles: Zabrotes subfasciatus and Acanthoscelides obtectus.
TitleLife cycle comparison
CaptionComparison of the life history of two bruchid beetles: Zabrotes subfasciatus and Acanthoscelides obtectus.
CopyrightCIAT
Comparison of the life history of two bruchid beetles: Zabrotes subfasciatus and Acanthoscelides obtectus.
Life cycle comparisonComparison of the life history of two bruchid beetles: Zabrotes subfasciatus and Acanthoscelides obtectus.CIAT

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman)

Preferred Common Name

  • Mexican bean weevil

Other Scientific Names

  • Spermophagus musculus Boheman
  • Spermophagus pectoralis Sharp
  • Spermophagus semifasciatus Boheman
  • Spermophagus subfasciatus Boheman
  • Zabrotes pectoralis (Sharp)

International Common Names

  • Spanish: bruquido del frijol; escarabajos del frijol; gorgojo común del frijol; gorgojo de los pallares; gorgojo del brasil; gorgojo jompintado; gorgojo mexicano del frijol; gorgojo pintado del frijol
  • French: bruche brésilienne; bruchide de l'haricot
  • Portuguese: caruncho do feijao

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kaefer, Brasilbohnen-; Kaefer, Brasilianischer Bohnen-
  • Italy: zabrote brasiliano

EPPO code

  • ZABRSU (Zabrotes subfasciatus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Bruchidae
  •                             Genus: Zabrotes
  •                                 Species: Zabrotes subfasciatus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EthiopiaPresent, WidespreadAitken (1975); NHM (1990)
GhanaPresent, WidespreadAitken (1975)
KenyaPresent, WidespreadAitken (1975)
MadagascarPresent, WidespreadAitken (1975)
MalawiPresentNHM (1984)
MauritiusPresentNHM (1985)
NigeriaPresent, WidespreadAitken (1975)
South AfricaPresent, WidespreadAitken (1975)
TanzaniaPresent, WidespreadHaines (1981)
UgandaPresent, WidespreadAitken (1975)

Asia

IndiaPresent, WidespreadTarlok Singh et al. (1979)
IsraelPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: NMH, 1923
LebanonPresent, WidespreadAitken (1975)
MyanmarPresent, WidespreadNHM (1952); Aitken (1975)

North America

CubaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Johnson & Kingsolver, 1981
GuatemalaPresentNHM (1905)
HondurasPresentEspinal et al. (2004)
JamaicaPresent, WidespreadAitken (1975)
MexicoPresent, WidespreadHaines (1981)
NicaraguaPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)Original citation: Haines, 1975
PanamaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Johnson & Kingsolver, 1981
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-MinnesotaPresentKingsolver (1990)
-TexasPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Johnson & Kingsolver, 1981

South America

ArgentinaAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
BrazilPresentKingsolver (1990)
EcuadorPresent, LocalizedNHM (1935)
PeruPresent, WidespreadHaines (1981)
VenezuelaPresent, WidespreadHaines (1981)

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Seeds / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Anisopteromalus calandrae Parasite
Dinarmus basalis Parasite
Dinarmus colemani Parasite Larvae
Eupelmus orientalis Parasite Larvae
Heterospilus prosopidis Parasite
Pyemotes tritici Predator Adults
Uscana mukerjii Parasite Eggs India Phaseolus lunatus; Vigna unguiculata

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Land vehiclesTransported in national and international grain trade Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
True seeds (inc. grain) adults; eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Leaves
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
Wood

References

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Aitken AD, 1975. Insect travellers. Volume I. Coleoptera. Technical Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, No. 31, 191 pp.

Balachowsky AS, 1962. Entomologie appliqueT a l'agriculture. Tome I. ColToptFres. Paris, France: Masson et Cie, 564 pp.

Bottimer LJ, 1968. Notes on the Bruchidae of America north of Mexico with a list of world genera. Canadian Entomologist, 100(10):1009-1049.

Credland PF; Dendy J, 1992. Intraspecific variation in bionomic characters of the Mexican bean weevil, Zabrotes subfasciatus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 65(1):39-47

Don-Pedro KN, 1989. Mode of action of fixed oils against eggs of Callosobruchus maculatus (F.). Pesticide Science, 26(2):107-115

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Espinal R; Higgins R; Wright V, 2004. Economic losses associated with Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) infestations of stored dry red beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Southeastern Honduras. CEIBA, 45(2):107-119.

Gorham JR, 1987. Insect and mite pests in food: An Illustrated Key, Vols I and II. US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook Number 655.

Haines CP, 1981. Insects and arachnids from stored products: a report on specimens received by the Tropical Stored Products Centre 1973-77. Report of the Tropical Products Institute, L 54:73 pp.

Howe RW; Currie JE, 1964. Some laboratory observations on the rates of development, mortality and oviposition of several species of Bruchidae breeding in stored pulses. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 55(3):437-477.

Kapila R; Pajni HR, 1987. Polymorphism in Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boh.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Bulletin of Entomology (New Delhi), 28(2):132-137

Kingsolver JM, 1990. Biosystematics of the genus of Zabrotes of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 116(1):135-174

McFarlane JA; Wearing AJS, 1967. A means of differentiating between Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say) and Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boh.) (Coloeptera: Bruchidae) in white haricot beans at the pupal stage. Journal of Stored Products Research, 3:261-262.

Paes NS; Gerhardt IR; Coutinho MV; Yokoyama M; Santana E; Harris N; Chrispeels MJ; Sa MFGde, 2000. The effect of arcelin-1 on the structure of the midgut of bruchid larvae and immunolocalization of the arcelin protein. Journal of Insect Physiology, 46(4):393-402; 23 ref.

Romero J; Johnson CD, 1999. Zabrotes sylvestris, a new species from the United States and Mexico related to Z. subfasciatus (Boheman) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae: Amblycerinae). Coleopterists Bulletin, 53(1):87-98; 39 ref.

Tarlok Singh; Kaur I; Saini MS, 1979. Biology of Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boh.) (Bruchidae: Coleoptera). Entomon, 4(2):201-203

Distribution References

Aitken A D, 1975. Insect travellers. Volume I. Coleoptera. In: Technical Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, xvi + 191 pp.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Espinal R, Higgins R, Wright V, 2004. Economic losses associated with Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) infestations of stored dry red beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Southeastern Honduras. CEIBA. 45 (2), 107-119.

Haines C P, 1981. Insects and arachnids from stored products: a report on specimens received by the Tropical Stored Products Centre 1973-77. In: Report of the Tropical Products Institute, iv + 73 pp.

Kingsolver J M, 1990. Biosystematics of the genus of Zabrotes of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society. 116 (1), 135-174.

NHM, 1905. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1935. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1952. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1984. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1985. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1990. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

Tarlok Singh, Kaur I, Saini M S, 1979. Biology of Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boh.) (Bruchidae: Coleoptera). Entomon. 4 (2), 201-203.

Distribution Maps

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