Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae
(rice leaf blight)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (rice leaf blight)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • rice leaf blight
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Gammaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Xanthomonadales
  •         Family: Xanthomonadaceae

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Bacterial blight caused by X. campestris pv. oryzae - blighted leaves in the field.
TitleField symptoms
CaptionBacterial blight caused by X. campestris pv. oryzae - blighted leaves in the field.
Copyright©Chin Khoon Min
Bacterial blight caused by X. campestris pv. oryzae - blighted leaves in the field.
Field symptomsBacterial blight caused by X. campestris pv. oryzae - blighted leaves in the field.©Chin Khoon Min
Bacterial blight caused by X. oryzae pv. oryzae - young water-soaked lesions at leaf tips.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionBacterial blight caused by X. oryzae pv. oryzae - young water-soaked lesions at leaf tips.
Copyright©Chin Khoon Min
Bacterial blight caused by X. oryzae pv. oryzae - young water-soaked lesions at leaf tips.
SymptomsBacterial blight caused by X. oryzae pv. oryzae - young water-soaked lesions at leaf tips.©Chin Khoon Min

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Ishiyama 1922) Swings et al. 1990

Preferred Common Name

  • rice leaf blight

Other Scientific Names

  • Bacterium oryzae (Uyeda & Ishiyama) Nak., 1928
  • Phytomonas oryzae (Ishiyama) Magrou 1937
  • Pseudomonas oryzae Ishiyama
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae (Ishiyama 1922) Dye 1978
  • Xanthomonas itoana (Tachinai) Dowson
  • Xanthomonas kresek Schure 1953
  • Xanthomonas oryzae (Ishiyama 1922) Swings et al. 1990
  • Xanthomonas translucens f. sp. oryzae Jones et al; Dowson; Ishiyama; Pordesimo

International Common Names

  • English: bacterial leaf blight of rice; kresek disease; rice bacterial leaf blight; rice kresek disease
  • Spanish: enfermedad bacteriana de las hojas del arroz
  • French: maladie bactérienne des feuilles du riz

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Backterieller Blattbrand; bakterielle weissenfleckenkrankheit

EPPO code

  • XANTOR (Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Gammaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Xanthomonadales
  •                 Family: Xanthomonadaceae
  •                     Genus: Xanthomonas
  •                         Species: Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

BeninPresent
Burkina FasoPresent
BurundiPresent, Localized
CameroonPresent
EgyptPresent
GabonPresent, Few occurrences
GambiaPresent
GuineaPresent
MadagascarAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)
MaliPresent
NigerPresent
NigeriaPresent
SenegalPresent, Few occurrences
TanzaniaPresent
TogoPresent
UgandaPresent, Localized

Asia

BangladeshPresent, Widespread
CambodiaPresent, Localized
ChinaPresent, Widespread
-AnhuiPresent
-FujianPresent
-GuangdongPresent
-GuangxiPresent
-HainanPresent
-HebeiPresent
-HenanPresent
-HubeiPresent
-HunanPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-JiangxiPresent
-JilinPresent
-LiaoningPresent
-ShaanxiPresent
-ShandongPresent
-SichuanPresent
-YunnanPresent
-ZhejiangPresent
IndiaPresent, Widespread
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresent
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-AssamPresent
-BiharPresent
-ChhattisgarhPresent
-DelhiPresent
-GoaPresent
-GujaratPresent
-HaryanaPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-JharkhandPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-KeralaPresent
-Madhya PradeshPresent
-MaharashtraPresent
-MeghalayaPresent
-NagalandPresent
-OdishaPresent
-PuducherryPresent
-PunjabPresent
-RajasthanPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-TripuraPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-UttarakhandPresent
-West BengalPresent
IndonesiaPresent, Localized
-JavaPresent
-SulawesiPresent
-SumatraPresent
IranPresent
JapanPresent, Localized
-HonshuPresent
-KyushuPresent
LaosPresent, Widespread
MalaysiaPresent, Widespread
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent
-SabahPresent
-SarawakPresent
MyanmarPresent, Localized
NepalPresent, Localized
North KoreaPresent, Localized
PakistanPresent, Localized
PhilippinesPresent, Localized
South KoreaPresent, Localized
Sri LankaPresent, Localized
TaiwanPresent, Widespread
ThailandPresent, Localized
VietnamPresent, Localized

Europe

RussiaAbsent, Formerly present
-Russian Far EastAbsent, Formerly present
-Southern RussiaAbsent, Formerly present
SloveniaAbsent
UkraineAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresent

North America

Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba
-SabaPresent
Costa RicaPresent
El SalvadorPresent
HondurasPresent
MexicoPresent
NicaraguaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)
PanamaPresent, Few occurrences
United StatesPresent, Localized
-LouisianaPresent
-TexasPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, Localized
-Northern TerritoryPresent
-QueenslandPresent

South America

BoliviaPresent
ColombiaAbsentOriginal citation: Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA), 2014, personal communication
EcuadorPresent, Few occurrences
VenezuelaPresent

Growth Stages

Top of page
Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Seeds / discolorations
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Pseudomonas fluorescens Antagonist

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Leaves Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
True seeds (inc. grain) Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Wood

References

Top of page

Abd El-Ghafar NY, 2004. Bacteria associated with rice grains and their potential pathogenicity. Arab Universities Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 12(1):425-435

Abdul Khalid, Sinha AP, 2008. Cultural, morphological and biochemical variability in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 16(2):516-517. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:apps&type=home

Abdul Rafi, Abdul Hameed, Akhtar, M. A., Shah, S. M. A., Muhammad Junaid, Muhammad Shahid, Shah, S. F., 2013. Field based assessment of rice bacterial leaf blight in major rice growing zones of Pakistan. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 29(3), 415-422. http://www.aup.edu.pk/sj_pdf/11%20272-2013%20FIELD%20BASED%20ASSESSMENT%20OF%20RICE%20BACTERIAL%20LEAF%20BLIGHT%20IN.pdf

Afolabi O, Amoussa R, Bilé M, Oludare A, Gbogbo V, Poulin L, Koebnik R, Szurek B, Silué D, 2016. First report of bacterial leaf blight of rice caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in Benin. Plant Disease, 100(2):515. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Agarwal PC, Mortensen CN, Mathur SB, 1989. Seed-borne diseases and seed health testing of rice. Phytopathological Papers, No. 30:106 pp.; 10 pp. of ref

Akhtar, M. A., Muhammad Zakria, Abbasi, F. M., Masood, M. A., 2003. Incidence of bacterial blight of rice in Pakistan during 2002. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 35(5), 993-997.

Alam, M. S., Islam, M. R., Ismail Hossain, Bhuiyan, M. R., Khan, M. A. I., 2016. Pathotypic variation of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in Bangladesh. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 49(1/4), 31-42. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/gapp20

Aldrick, S. J., Buddenhagen, I. W., Reedy, A. P. K., 1973. The Occurrence of Bacterial Leaf Blight in Wild and Cultiated Rice in Northern Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 24, 219 - 227. https://www.publish.csiro.au/cp/AR9730219

Alvarez AM, Rehman FU, Leach JE, 1997. Comparison of serological and molecular methods for detection of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in rice seed. Seed health testing: progress towards the 21st century., 175-183; 21 ref

Anuratha CS, Gnanamanickam SS, 1987. Pseudomonas fluorescens suppresses development of bacterial blight (BB) symptoms. International Rice Research Newsletter, 12(1):17

Ashura LK, Mabagala RB, Mortensen CN, 1999. Isolation and characterization of seed-borne pathogenic bacteria from rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2(1):71-80; 28 ref

Awoderu VA, Bangura N, John VT, 1991. Incidence, distribution and severity of bacterial diseases on rice in West Africa. Tropical Pest Management, 37(2):113-117

Benedict AA, Alvarez AM, Berestecky J, Imanaka W, Mizumoto CY, Pollard LW, Mew TW, Gonzalez CF, 1989. Pathovar-specific monoclonal antibodies for Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae and for Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzicola. Phytopathology, 79(3):322-328

Bradbury JF, 1986. Guide to Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Buddenhagen IW, 1985. Rice disease evaluation in Madagascar. International Rice Commission Newsletter, 34(1):74-78

CABI/EPPO, 1997. Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases , (December (Edition 6)) Wallingford, UK: CAB International.Map 304.

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp

CABI/EPPO, 2016. Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No.October. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 304 (Edition 7)

Chen, X. L., Yan, Q., Li, R. F., Li, K. H., Gao, L. J., 2016. First report of a new and highly virulent race of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, the causal agent of bacterial leaf blight of rice in Guangxi Province, China. Plant Disease, 100(7), 1492-1493. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-12-15-1400-PDN

Chen, X. L., Yu Lei, Gao, L. L., Jiang Tao, Li, Q. Y., Huang Qiong, 2012. Elevational variation in diversity of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in South-West China. Journal of Phytopathology, 160(6), 261-268. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0434.2012.01892.x

Chithrashree, Udayashankar AC, Nayaka SC, Reddy MS, Srinivas C, 2011. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria mediate induced systemic resistance in rice against bacterial leaf blight caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. Biological Control, 59(2):114-122. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1049964411001629

Durgapal JC, 1985. Self-sown plants from bacterial blight-infected rice seeds a possible source of primary infection in North-West India. Current Science, India, 54(24):1283-1284

Durgapal JC, Baleshwar Singh, Pandey KR, 1980. Mode of infection of rice seeds by Xanthomonas oryzae. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 50(8):624-626

EPPO, 1992. Quarantine pests for Europe. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 210-212

EPPO, 1995. Prospects for plant quarantine in Russia. EPPO Reporting Service 1995-01, 2-3. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization

EPPO, 2007. Xanthomonas oryzae. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 37(3):543-553. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-2338.2007.01162.x

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

George MLC, Bustamam M, Cruz WT, Leach JE, Nelson RJ, 1997. Movement of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in southeast Asia detected using PCR-based DNA fingerprinting. Phytopathology, 87(3):302-309; 26 ref

Ghasemie E, Kazempour MN, Padasht F, 2008. Isolation and identification of Xathomonas oryzae pv. oryzae the causal agent of bacterial blight of rice in Iran. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 48(1):53-62. http://www.plantprotection.pl

Ghose S, Prabhudesai HR, Dias A, Sundarajan SP, Mirajgaonkar PK, 1987. Rice insects and diseases in Goa, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 12(2):35

Hassankiadeh AA, Kazempour MN, Dehkaei FP, Rahimian H, 2011. Detection of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae from rice seeds through bio-PCR technique in paddy fields of Guilan province in northern Iran. Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica, 44(2):71-76. http://www.agriculturaits.czu.cz/pdf_files/vol_44_2_pdf/hassankiadeh.pdf

Huang BC, Chen ZC, Mei PJ, Liang JH, Zhou ZG, 1989. Studies on the epidemic model of rice bacterial blight in the Pearl River delta. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 22(1):62-67

Jain RK, Dath AP, Devadath S, 1984. Correlation between foliage and seed infection of bacterial blight of rice. International Journal of Tropical Plant Diseases, 2(2):193-194

Jones MP, Jeutong F, Tchatchoua J, 1991. Diseases of rice in Cameroon. International Rice Research Newsletter, 16(1):19-20

Jones RK, Barnes LW, Gonzalez CF, Leach JE, Alvarez AM, Benedict AA, 1989. Identification of low-virulence strains of Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae from rice in the United States. Phytopathology, 79(9):984-990

Kauffman HE, Reddy APK, 1975. Seed transmission studies of Xanthomonas oryzae in rice. Phytopathology, 65(6):663-666

Kim HM, Song WY, 1996. Characterization of ribosomal RNA intergenic spacer region of several seedborne bacterial pathogens of rice. Seed Science and Technology, 24(3):571-580; 30 ref

Koroleva IB, Gvozdyak RI, Pasichnik LA, 1985. Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae, causal agent of a bacterial disease of rice seeds in the Ukraine. Mikrobiologicheskii Zhurnal, 47(6):93-95

Kueh TK, Teo GK, Wong C, Chai CC, 1985. Rice diseases. Annual Report of the Research Branch, Department of Agriculture, Sarawak, for the year 1983 Kuching, Sarawak; Minist. Agric. Community Development, 35-37

Leach JE, White FF, Rhoads ML, Leung H, 1990. A repetitive DNA sequence differentiates Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae from other pathovars of X. campestris. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 3(4):238-246

Lelliott RA, Stead DE, 1987. Methods for the diagnosis of bacterial diseases of plants. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 216 pp

Li ZZ, Zhao H, Ying XD, 1985. The weed carriers of bacterial leaf blight of rice. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 15(4):246-248

Liao X, Zhu S, Zhao W, Luo K, Qi Y, 2003. Detection and identification of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae and Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola by real-time fluorescent PCR. Acta Microbiologica Sinica, 43(5):626-634

Lozano JC, 1977. Identification of bacterial leaf blight in rice, caused by Xanthomonas oryzae, in America. Plant Disease Reporter, 61(8):644-648

Madhiazhangan K, 2000. A new pathotype of bacterial blight pathogen of rice in Union Territory of Pondicherry. Indian Phytopathology, 53(3):335-336

Mary CA, Nair SK, Saraswathi P, 2001. Survival of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Ishiyama, 1922), Swings et al., 1990. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 39(1):76-78

Mew TW, Alvarez AM, Leach JE, Swings J, 1993. Focus on bacterial blight of rice. Plant Disease, 77(1):5-12

Ming D, Ye HZ, Schaad NW, Roth DA, 1991. Selective recovery of Xanthomonas spp. from rice seed. Phytopathology, 81(11):1358-1363

Mukherjee P, Singh RA, 1983. Histopathological studies on infected rice seed with Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae and mode of its passage from seed to seedling. Seed Research, 11(1):32-41

Murty VST, Devadath S, 1982. Survival of Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae in different soils. Indian Phytopathology, 35(1):32-38

Murty VST, Devadath S, 1984. Role of seed in survival and transmission of Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae causing bacterial blight of rice. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 110(1):15-19

Ochiai, H., Horino, O., Miyajima, K., Kaku, H., 2000. Genetic diversity of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae strains from Sri Lanka. Phytopathology, 90(4), 415-421. doi: 10.1094/PHYTO.2000.90.4.415

Oku, T., Sato, K., Kurao, M., Matsuura, S., Sakai, Y., Tsuchiya, T., 2000. Notes on the occurrence of pathogenic races of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae found in Hiroshima Prefecture in 1999. Journal of General Plant Pathology, 66(4), 332-334. doi: 10.1007/PL00012974

Onasanya A, Ekperigin MM, Nwilene FE, Sere Y, Onasanya RO, 2009. Two pathotypes of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae virulence identified in West Africa. Current Research in Bacteriology, 2(2):22-35. http://ansijournals.com/crb

Ou SH, 1985. Rice diseases. Wallingford, UK; CAB International, 380 pp

Pande VS, Mandakhot AM, 1992. Performance of a bacterial blight (BB)-resistant rice variety in the endemic pockets of Konkan Region, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 17(3):9

Poulin, L., Grygiel, P., Magne, M., Gagnevin, L., Rodriguez-R, L. M., Serna, N. F., Zhao, S., Rafii, M. E., Dao, S., Tekete, C., Wonni, I., Koita, O., Pruvost, O., Verdier, V., Vernière, C., Koebnik, R., 2015. New multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis tool for surveillance and local epidemiology of bacterial leaf blight and bacterial leaf streak of rice caused by Xanthomonas oryzae. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 81(2), 688-698. http://aem.asm.org/content/81/2/688.abstract

Priyadarisini, V. B., Gnanamanickam, S. S., 1999. Occurrence of a subpopulation of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae with virulence to rice cv. IRBB21 (Xa21) in southern India. Plant Disease, 83(8), 781. doi: 10.1094/PDIS.1999.83.8.781B

Rao PS, 1987. Across-season survival of Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzicola, causal agent of bacterial leaf streak (BLS). International Rice Research Newsletter, 12(2):27

Reddy PR, 1972. Studies on bacteriophages of Xanthomonas oryzae and Xanthomonas translucens f. oryzicola, the incitants of blight and streak diseases of rice. PhD thesis. Varanasi, India: Banaras Hindu University

Reddy PR, 1983. Evidence for seed transmission of Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae. Current Science, 52(6):265

Ren XG, Huang JR, Xiang JG, Chen Z, Wu WJ, Li BW, Pen F, 1993. Research on the control technique of rice bacterial leaf streak. Journal of Hunan Agricultural College, 19(6):591-599

Sakthivel N, Mew TW, 1991. Efficacy of bacteriocinogenic strains of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae on the incidence of bacterial blight disease of rice (Oryzae sativa L.). Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 37(10):764-768

Sakthivel N, Mortensen CN, Mathur SB, 2001. Detection of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in artificially inoculated and naturally infected rice seeds and plants by molecular techniques. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 56(3/4):435-441

Séré Y, Onasanya A, Verdier V, Akator K, Ouédraogo LS, Segda Z, Mbare MM, Sido AY, Basso A, 2005. Rice bacterial leaf blight in West Africa: preliminary studies on disease in farmers' fields and screening released varieties for resistance to the bacteria. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 4(6):577-579. http://www.ansinet.org/ajps

Sha XY, Zhu PX, Zhu LH, Lu ZQ, 1994. Resistance of main rice cultivars to bacterial blight disease in Jiangsu province. Jiangsu Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 10(1):50-51

Shubha K, Shetty SA, Shetty HS, Karanth NGK, 1992. Interactions between seed-borne bacteria and fungi of paddy. International Journal of Tropical Plant Diseases, 10(1):125-130; 19 ref

Singh DV, Banerjee AK, Rai M, Srivastava SSL, 1980, publ. 1981. Survival of Xanthomonas oryzae in infected paddy seeds in plains of Uttar Pradesh. Indian Phytopathology, 33(4):601-602

Singh RA, Rao MHS, 1977. A simple technique for detecting Xanthomonas oryzae in rice seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 5(1):123-127

Singh RA, Rao MHS, 1982. Evaluation of several chemical treatments for eradicating Xanthomonas oryzae from rice seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 10(1):119-123

SINGH RN, 1971. Perpetuation of bacterial blight disease of Paddy and preservation of its incitant. I. Survival of Xanthomonas oryzae in water. Indian Phytopathology, 24(1):153-154

SINGH RN, 1971. Perpetuation of bacterial blight disease of Paddy and preservation of its incitant. II. Survival of Xanthomonas oryzae in soil. Indian Phytopathology, 24(1):140-144

Subhash Chander, Aggarwal PK, Reddy PR, 2002. Assessment of yield loss in rice due to bacterial leaf blight using simulation models. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 10(2):277-281; 10 ref

Swings J, Mooter M van den, Vauterin L, Hoste B, Gillis M, Mew TW, Kersters K, 1990. Reclassification of the causal agents of bacterial blight (Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae) and bacterial leaf streak (Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzicola) of rice as pathovars of Xanthomonas oryzae (ex Ishiyama 1922) sp. nov., nom. rev. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 40(3):309-311

Tall, H., Tékété, C., Noba, K., Koita, O., Cunnac, S., Hutin, M., Szurek, B., Verdier, V., 2020. Confirmation report of bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae on rice in Senegal. Plant Disease, 104(3), 968-968. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-07-19-1464-PDN

Tikoo ML, Gupta BR, Kalha CS, 1987. Incidence of kresek - a systemic symptom of bacterial leaf blight (Xanthomonas oryzae) of rice in subtropical region of Jammu. Research and Development Reporter, 4(1):96-97

Valluvaparidasan V, Mariappan V, 1989. Alternate hosts of rice bacterial blight (BB) pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae. International Rice Research Newsletter, 14(5):27-28

Vauterin L, Hoste B, Kersters K, Swings J, 1995. Reclassification of Xanthomonas. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 45(3):472-489

Yong C, Liao XH, Xie YF, Zhang DP, 1991. Distribution of rice varieties resistant to bacterial blight (BB) in Yunnan, China. International Rice Research Newsletter, 16(4):13-14

Yuan WQ, 1990. Culture medium for Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae. Journal of Applied Bacteriology, 69(6):798-805

Zhang BC, Huang KC, 1990. A list of important plant diseases in China. Review of Plant Pathology, 69:97-118

Zhu H, Gao JL, Li QX, Hu GX, 1988. Detection of Xanthomonas oryzae in rice by monoclonal antibodies. Journal of Jiangsu Agricultural College, 9(2):41-43

Distribution References

Abd El-Ghafar N Y, 2004. Bacteria associated with rice grains and their potential pathogenicity. Arab Universities Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 12 (1), 425-435.

Abdul Khalid, Sinha A P, 2008. Cultural, morphological and biochemical variability in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences. 16 (2), 516-517. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:apps&type=home

Abdul Rafi, Abdul Hameed, Akhtar M A, Shah S M A, Muhammad Junaid, Muhammad Shahid, Shah S F, 2013. Field based assessment of rice bacterial leaf blight in major rice growing zones of Pakistan. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 29 (3), 415-422. http://www.aup.edu.pk/sj_pdf/11%20272-2013%20FIELD%20BASED%20ASSESSMENT%20OF%20RICE%20BACTERIAL%20LEAF%20BLIGHT%20IN.pdf

Adhikari T B, Basnyat R C, Mew T W, 1999. Virulence of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae on rice lines containing single resistance genes and gene combinations. Plant Disease. 83 (1), 46-50. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.1999.83.1.46

Afolabi O, Amoussa R, Bilé M, Oludare A, Gbogbo V, Poulin L, Koebnik R, Szurek B, Silué D, 2016. First report of bacterial leaf blight of rice caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in Benin. Plant Disease. 100 (2), 515. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-15-0821-PDN

Akhtar M A, Muhammad Zakria, Abbasi F M, Masood M A, 2003. Incidence of bacterial blight of rice in Pakistan during 2002. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 35 (5), 993-997.

Alam M S, Islam M R, Ismail Hossain, Bhuiyan M R, Khan M A I, 2016. Pathotypic variation of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in Bangladesh. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 49 (1/4), 31-42. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/gapp20

Aldrick S J, Buddenhagen I W, Reedy A P K, 1973. The Occurrence of Bacterial Leaf Blight in Wild and Cultiated Rice in Northern Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 219 - 227. https://www.publish.csiro.au/cp/AR9730219

Amos O, Ekperigin M M, Afolabi A, Onasanya R O, Ojo A A, Ingelbrecht I, 2013. Two genotypes of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae virulence identified in West Africa. International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology. 5 (3), 28-36. http://www.academicjournals.org/IJGMB/PDF/pdf2013/Aug/Onasanya%20et%20al.pdf

Aryan P C, Singh A K, Singh V B, Singh S K, Anil Gupta, 2017. Status and management of bacterial leaf blight (Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae) of rice through host resistance under Jammu sub-tropics. Journal of Mycopathological Research. 55 (3), 261-264. http://www.imskolkata.org/

Ashura L K, Mabagala R B, Mortensen C N, 1999. Isolation and characterization of seed-borne pathogenic bacteria from rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2 (1), 71-80.

Banito A, Kadai E A, Onasanya A, Sere Y, 2012. Pathogenic diversity of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae isolates in Togo. Trends in Applied Sciences Research. 7 (9), 768-776. http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=tasr.2012.768.776&org=10

Bradbury J F, 1986. Guide to plant pathogenic bacteria. Farnham Royal, Slough, UK: CAB International. xviii + 332pp.

Buddenhagen I W, 1985. Rice disease evaluation in Madagascar. International Rice Commission Newsletter. 34 (1), 74-78.

CABI, EPPO, 1997. Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 304. DOI:10.1079/DMPD/20066500304

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chen X L, Yan Q, Li R F, Li K H, Gao L J, 2016. First report of a new and highly virulent race of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, the causal agent of bacterial leaf blight of rice in Guangxi Province, China. Plant Disease. 100 (7), 1492-1493. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-15-1400-PDN

Chen X L, Yu Lei, Gao L L, Jiang Tao, Li Q Y, Huang Qiong, 2012. Elevational variation in diversity of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in South-West China. Journal of Phytopathology. 160 (6), 261-268. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2012.01892.x

Chen Y, Yang X, Gu C Y, Zhang A F, Zhang Y, Wang W X, Gao T C, Yao J, Yuan S K, 2015. Activity of a novel bactericide, zinc thiazole against Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in Anhui Province of China. Annals of Applied Biology. 166 (1), 129-135. DOI:10.1111/aab.12170

Choi SeongHo, Cruz C M V, Leach J E, 1998. Distribution of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae DNA modification systems in Asia. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 64 (5), 1663-1668.

Deng WenLing, Lin HengAn, Shih YuCyuan, Kuo ChienChih, Tzeng JenYu, Liu L Y D, Huang ShuTzu, Huang ChiMing, Chung ChiaLin, 2016. Genotypic and pathotypic diversity of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae strains in Taiwan. Journal of Phytopathology. 164 (10), 745-759. DOI:10.1111/jph.12495

Dong ZhaoXia, Xing ShaoZhen, Liu Jin, Tang XiZhe, Ruan LiFang, Sun Ming, Tong YiGang, Peng DongHai, 2018. Isolation and characterization of a novel phage Xoo-sp2 that infects Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. Journal of General Virology. 99 (10), 1453-1462. DOI:10.1099/jgv.0.001133

Dossa C S G, Karlovsky P, Wydra K, 2014. Biochemical approach for virulence factors' identification in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. Journal of Plant Pathology and Microbiology. 5 (2), 222. http://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/biochemical-approach-for-virulence-factors-identification-in-xanthomonas-oryzae-pv-oryzae-2157-7471.1000222.pdf

Duong Van Hop, Hoa P T P, Nguyen Duc Quang, Phan Huu Ton, Trinh Hoang Ha, Nguyen Van Hung, Nguyen Thi Van, Tong Van Hai, Quy N T K, Dao N T A, Vu Thi Thom, 2014. Biological control of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae causing rice bacterial blight disease by Streptomyces toxytricini VN08-A-12, isolated from soil and leaf-litter samples in Vietnam. Biocontrol Science. 19 (3), 103-111. https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/bio/

EPPO, 2021. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Gautam R K, Singh P K, Krishnan Sakthivel, Muthulingam Srikumar, Naresh Kumar, Krishna Kumar, Singh A K, Roy S D, 2015. Analysis of pathogenic diversity of the rice bacterial blight pathogen (Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae) in the Andaman Islands and identification of effective resistance genes. Journal of Phytopathology. 163 (6), 423-432. DOI:10.1111/jph.12338

Ghasemie E, Kazempour M N, Padasht F, 2008. Isolation and identification of Xathomonas oryzae pv. oryzae the causal agent of bacterial blight of rice in Iran. Journal of Plant Protection Research. 48 (1), 53-62. http://www.plantprotection.pl DOI:10.2478/v10045-008-0006-9

Ghose S, Prabhudesai H R, Dias A, Sundarajan S P, Mirajgaonkar P K, 1987. Rice insects and diseases in Goa, India. International Rice Research Newsletter. 12 (2), 35.

Gonzalez C, Szurek B, Manceau C, Mathieu T, Séré Y, Verdier V, 2007. Molecular and pathotypic characterization of new Xanthomonas oryzae strains from West Africa. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. 20 (5), 534-546. DOI:10.1094/MPMI-20-5-0534

Hassankiadeh A A, Kazempour M N, Dehkaei F P, Rahimian H, 2011. Detection of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae from rice seeds through bio-PCR technique in paddy fields of Guilan province in northern Iran. Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica. 44 (2), 71-76. http://www.agriculturaits.czu.cz/pdf_files/vol_44_2_pdf/hassankiadeh.pdf

Huang B C, Chen Z C, Mei P J, Liang J H, Zhou Z G, 1989. Studies on the epidemic model of rice bacterial blight in the Pearl River delta. Scientia Agricultura Sinica. 22 (1), 62-67.

Jones M P, Jeutong F, Tchatchoua J, 1991. Diseases of rice in Cameroon. International Rice Research Newsletter. 16 (1), 19-20.

Jones R K, Barnes L W, Gonzalez C F, Leach J E, Alvarez A M, Benedict A A, 1989. Identification of low-virulence strains of Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae from rice in the United States. Phytopathology. 79 (9), 984-990. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-79-984

Kaku H, Hirayae K, Ochiai H, Kanematsu S, Noda T, Tsuchiya K, Hibi T, 1996. Comparative RFLP profiles among representative strains of Japanese races of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae using the repetitive DNA probe pJEL101. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan. 62 (1), 53-56. DOI:10.3186/jjphytopath.62.53

Koroleva I B, Gvozdyak R I, Pasichnik L A, 1985. Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae, causal agent of a bacterial disease of rice seeds in the Ukraine. Mikrobiologicheskiĭ Zhurnal. 47 (6), 93-95.

Kueh T K, Teo G K, Wong C, Chai C C, 1985. Annual Report of the Research Branch, Department of Agriculture, Sarawak, for the year 1983. Kuching, Sarawak: Minist. Agric. Community Development. 35-37.

Madhiazhangan K, 2000. A new pathotype of bacterial blight pathogen of rice in Union Territory of Pondicherry. Indian Phytopathology. 53 (3), 335-336.

Mondal K K, Meena B R, Alim Junaid, Geeta Verma, Chandra Mani, Dipali Majumder, Manju Khicher, Shailesh Kumar, Susanta Banik, 2014. Pathotyping and genetic screening of type III effectors in Indian strains of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae causing bacterial leaf blight of rice. PMPP Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology. 98-106. DOI:10.1016/j.pmpp.2014.03.005

Noda T, Li ChengYun, Li JiaRui, Ochiai H, Ise K, Kaku H, 2001. Pathogenic diversity of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae strains from Yunnan province, China. JARQ, Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly. 35 (2), 97-103.

Ochiai H, Horino O, Miyajima K, Kaku H, 2000. Genetic diversity of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae strains from Sri Lanka. Phytopathology. 90 (4), 415-421. DOI:10.1094/PHYTO.2000.90.4.415

Onasanya A, Ekperigin M M, Nwilene F E, Sere Y, Onasanya R O, 2009. Two pathotypes of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae virulence identified in West Africa. Current Research in Bacteriology. 2 (2), 22-35. DOI:10.3923/crb.2009.22.35

Park HyunSu, Shin MunSik, Kim KiYoung, Noh TaeHwan, Baek SoHyeon, Lee JongHee, Ha KiYong, Baek ManKee, Kim WooJae, Park JongHo, Yoo JaeSoo, Cho YoungChan, Kim BoKyeong, 2013. Reaction of single resistance genes and their pyramiding effects in Indica and Japonica rice against Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in Korea. Korean Journal of Breeding Science. 45 (2), 119-129. http://www.koreabreedjournal.org

Poulin L, Grygiel P, Magne M, Gagnevin L, Rodriguez-R L M, Serna N F, Zhao S, Rafii M E, Dao S, Tekete C, Wonni I, Koita O, Pruvost O, Verdier V, Vernière C, Koebnik R, 2015. New multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis tool for surveillance and local epidemiology of bacterial leaf blight and bacterial leaf streak of rice caused by Xanthomonas oryzae. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 81 (2), 688-698. http://aem.asm.org/content/81/2/688.abstract

Priyadarisini V B, Gnanamanickam S S, 1999. Occurrence of a subpopulation of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae with virulence to rice cv. IRBB21 (Xa21) in southern India. Plant Disease. 83 (8), 781. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.1999.83.8.781B

Que HaiYong, Chen HuaMin, Wang JiChun, Jiang JunXi, Wu MaoSen, He ChenYang, 2010. PCR identification and pathotypic analysis of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae strains from North China. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica. 40 (4), 351-356. http://zwblxb.periodicals.net.cn/default.html

Reckhaus P M, 1983. Occurrence of bacterial blight of rice in Niger, West Africa. Plant Disease. 67 (9), 1039. DOI:10.1094/PD-67-1039

Séré Y, Onasanya A, Verdier V, Akator K, Ouédraogo L S, Segda Z, Mbare M M, Sido A Y, Basso A, 2005. Rice bacterial leaf blight in West Africa: preliminary studies on disease in farmers' fields and screening released varieties for resistance to the bacteria. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 4 (6), 577-579. http://www.ansinet.org/ajps

Shazia Mannan, Shahid Hameed, 2012. Identification of Pakistani isolates of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae by insertion sequence based polymerase chain reaction (IS-PCR). Journal of Phytology. 4 (5), 53-54. http://journal-phytology.com/index.php/phyto/article/view/16061/8269

Shazia Mannan, Shahid Hameed, 2013. A molecular tool for differenciation of Xanthomonas oryzae pathovars isolated from rice. Journal of Agricultural Research (Lahore). 51 (1), 1-7. http://www.jar.com.pk/admin/upload/549__1p1.pdf

Tall H, Tékété C, Noba K, Koita O, Cunnac S, Hutin M, Szurek B, Verdier V, 2020. Confirmation report of bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae on rice in Senegal. Plant Disease. 104 (3), 968-968. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-19-1464-PDN

Tikoo M L, Gupta B R, Kalha C S, 1987. Incidence of kresek - a systemic symptom of bacterial leaf blight (Xanthomonas oryzae) of rice in subtropical region of Jammu. Research and Development Reporter. 4 (1), 96-97.

Tolba I H M, El-Sharkawy R I, 2011. Xanthomonas oryzae PV. Oryzae IN EGYPT: IDENTIFICATION, VIRULENCE OF ISOLATES AND CULTIVARS REACTION. Journal of Plant Protection and Pathology. 2 (11), 931-946. http://www.eulc.edu.eg/eulc_v5/Libraries/UploadFiles/DownLoadFile.aspx?RelatedBibID=NDFjY2IxNGYtNzIwMy00NDhlLTliZTktY2U3NmM0YThkMTczX2l0ZW1zXzEyMTMxMDU0XzM1Mjg4OV9f&filename=364.pdf

Trujillo G, Hernández Y, Subero L, Garrido M J, Muñoz C, 1999. Bacterial leaf blight of rice caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in Calabozo, Guárico state, Venezuela. (La quemazón bacteriana del arroz causada por Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae en Calabozo, estado Guárico, Venezuela.). Fitopatología Venezolana. 12 (1), 2-5.

Win K M, Korinsak S, Sirithunya P, Lanceras-Siangliw J, Jamboonsri W, Da T, Patarapuwadol S, Toojinda T, 2013. Marker assisted introgression of multiple genes for bacterial blight resistance into aromatic Myanmar rice MK-75. Field Crops Research. 164-171. DOI:10.1016/j.fcr.2013.08.002

Yang ShuQing, Liu ShuYan, Zhao ShuAi, Yu YanHua, Li RongBai, Duan ChengJie, Tang JiLiang, Feng JiaXun, 2013. Molecular and pathogenic characterization of new Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae strains from the coastline region of Fangchenggang city in China. World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology. 29 (4), 713-720. DOI:10.1007/s11274-012-1227-7

Yashitola J, Krishnaveni D, Reddy A P K, Sonti R V, 1997. Genetic diversity within the population of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in India. Phytopathology. 87 (7), 760-765. DOI:10.1094/PHYTO.1997.87.7.760

Yugander A, Sundaram R M, Ladhalakshmi D, Hajira S K, Prakasam V, Prasad M S, Madhav M S, Babu V R, Laha G S, 2017. Virulence profiling of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae isolates, causing bacterial blight of rice in India. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 149 (1), 171-191. DOI:10.1007/s10658-017-1176-y

Zhang B C, Huang Y C, 1990. A list of important plant diseases in China. Review of Plant Pathology. 69 (3), 97-118. https://www.cabi.org/cabreviews/abstract/19901143255

Zhang C, Wu H, Li X, Shi H, Wei F, Zhu G, 2013. Baseline sensitivity of natural populations and resistance of mutants of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae to a novel bactericide, zinc thiazole. Plant Pathology. 62 (6), 1378-1383. DOI:10.1111/ppa.12043

Zhao WenJun, Zhu ShuiFang, Liao XiaoLan, Chen HongYun, Tan TianWei, 2007. Detection of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in seeds using a specific TaqMan probe. Molecular Biotechnology. 35 (2), 119-127. DOI:10.1007/BF02686106

Zhu XiaoFen, Xu Ying, Peng Di, Zhang Yong, Huang TingTing, Wang JianXin, Zhou MingGuo, 2013. Detection and characterization of bismerthiazol-resistance of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. Crop Protection. 24-29. DOI:10.1016/j.cropro.2012.12.026

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map
Select a dataset
Map Legends
  • CABI Summary Records
Map Filters
Extent
Invasive
Origin
Third party data sources: