Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Xanthomonas campestris
(black rot of crucifers)

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Datasheet

Xanthomonas campestris (black rot of crucifers)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Xanthomonas campestris
  • Preferred Common Name
  • black rot of crucifers
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Gammaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Xanthomonadales
  •         Family: Xanthomonadaceae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Xanthomonas campestris (Pammel 1895) Dowson 1939

Preferred Common Name

  • black rot of crucifers

Other Scientific Names

  • Bacillus campestris Pammel 1895
  • Bacterium campestre (Pammel) Smith 1897
  • Phytomonas campestris (Pammel) Bergey et al. 1923
  • Pseudomonas campestris (Pam.) E.F.Smith

International Common Names

  • English: black rot: cabbage; brown rot of brassicas; leaf blight of brassicas; vascular disease: Brassica spp.
  • Spanish: nerviaciones negras de la col; podredumbre negra de las crucíferas; pudricion negra de las cruciferas
  • French: nervation noire des cruciferes; nervation noire du chou; nervation noire du navet; pourriture noire des crucifères; pourriture noire du chou

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Adern-: Kohl Schwaerze; Gefaessbakteriose: Kohl; Schwarzadrigkeit: Kohl

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Gammaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Xanthomonadales
  •                 Family: Xanthomonadaceae
  •                     Genus: Xanthomonas
  •                         Species: Xanthomonas campestris

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

NigerPresent
NigeriaPresent
SenegalPresent
TanzaniaPresent
ZambiaPresent

Asia

IndiaPresent
-AssamPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-KarnatakaPresentBhadra Wildlife Sanctuary
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-West BengalPresent
IranPresent
JapanPresent
South KoreaPresent
ThailandPresent
TurkeyPresent

Europe

BelgiumPresent
FrancePresent
HungaryPresent
ItalyPresent
NetherlandsAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveybased on long-term annual surveys; Original citation: NPPO of the Netherlands, 2012
RussiaPresent
-SiberiaPresent
United KingdomPresent

North America

BarbadosPresent
CubaPresent
MartiniquePresent
MexicoPresent
Puerto RicoPresent
United StatesPresent
-CaliforniaPresent
-ColoradoPresent
-ConnecticutPresent
-FloridaPresent
-IllinoisPresent
-IowaPresent
-LouisianaPresent
-MarylandPresent
-MissouriPresent
-South DakotaPresent
-TexasPresent
-VirginiaPresent

Oceania

Papua New GuineaPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BrazilPresent
VenezuelaPresent

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / necrotic areas

References

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Achar KGS, Parashurama TR, Shivanna MB, 2014. A new record of leaf spot caused by Xanthomonas campestris in Tinospora cordifolia in India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 3(1):269-273. http://www.ijcmas.com/vol-3-1/K.G.Somashekhara%20Achar,%20et%20al.pdf

Bradbury JF, 1986. Guide to Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Gaetán, S., López, N., 2005. First outbreak of bacterial leaf spot caused by Xanthomonas campestris on canola in Argentina. Plant Disease, 89(6), 683. doi: 10.1094/PD-89-0683B

Koike, S. T., Azad, H. R., Cooksey, D. A., 2001. Xanthomonas Leaf Spot of Catnip: A New Disease Caused by a Pathovar of Xanthomonas campestris. Plant Disease, 85(11), 1157-1159. doi: 10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.11.1157

Martini P, Odasso M, Rapetti S, Repetto L, Rino Ede, Gullone C, 2009. Reports of diseases on buttercup, sage and rosemary. (Alterazioni di origine batterica su ranuncolo, salvia e rosmarino.) Protezione delle Colture, No.2:109-110. http://www.ag4roinnova.org

O'Garro, L. W., Paulraj, L. P., 1997. Onion leaf blight caused by Xanthomonas campestris: alternative hosts and resistant onion genotypes. Plant Disease, 81(9), 978-982. doi: 10.1094/PDIS.1997.81.9.978

Rosenthal, E. R., Sepulveda, L. R., Bull, C. T., Koike, S. T., 2018. First report of black rot caused by Xanthomonas campestris on arugula in California., 102(5), 1025-1026. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis doi: 10.1094/PDIS-10-17-1538-PDN

Schwartz, H. F., Otto, K., 2000. First report of a leaf blight of onion caused by Xanthomonas campestris in Colorado. Plant Disease, 84(8), 922-922. doi: 10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.8.922D

Young JM, Saddler GS, Takikawa Y, Boer SHde, Vauterin L, Gardan L, Gvozdyak RI, Stead DE, 1996. Names of plant pathogenic bacteria 1864-1995. Review of Plant Pathology, 75(9):721-763; 10 pp. of ref.

Distribution References

Achar K G S, Parashurama T R, Shivanna M B, 2014. A new record of leaf spot caused by Xanthomonas campestris in Tinospora cordifolia in India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 3 (1), 269-273. http://www.ijcmas.com/vol-3-1/K.G.Somashekhara%20Achar,%20et%20al.pdf

Bradbury J F, 1986. Guide to plant pathogenic bacteria. Farnham Royal, Slough, UK: CAB International. xviii + 332pp.

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chinmay Biswas, Piyali Dey, Subrata Satpathy, 2014. First report of bacterial leaf blight of jute (Corchorus capsularis L.) caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. capsularii in India. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 47 (13), 1600-1602. DOI:10.1080/03235408.2013.853454

Gaetán S, López N, 2005. First outbreak of bacterial leaf spot caused by Xanthomonas campestris on canola in Argentina. Plant Disease. 89 (6), 683. DOI:10.1094/PD-89-0683B

Isakeit T, Miller M E, Barnes L W, Dickstein E R, Jones J B, 2000. First report of leaf blight of onion caused by Xanthomonas campestris in the continental United States. Plant Disease. 84 (2), 201. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.2.201C

Koike S T, Azad H R, 2003. First report of bacterial blight of four o'clock (Mirabilis jalapa), caused by Xanthomonas campestris in California. Plant Disease. 87 (7), 874. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.7.874B

Martini P, Odasso M, Rapetti S, Repetto L, Rino E de, Gullone C, 2009. Reports of diseases on buttercup, sage and rosemary. (Alterazioni di origine batterica su ranuncolo, salvia e rosmarino.). Protezione delle Colture. 109-110.

Nunez J J, Gilbertson R L, Meng X, Davis R M, 2002. First report of Xanthomonas leaf blight of onion in California. Plant Disease. 86 (3), 330. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.3.330B

O'Garro L W, Paulraj L P, 1997. Onion leaf blight caused by Xanthomonas campestris: alternative hosts and resistant onion genotypes. Plant Disease. 81 (9), 978-982. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.1997.81.9.978

Rosenthal E R, Sepulveda L R, Bull C T, Koike S T, 2018. First report of black rot caused by Xanthomonas campestris on arugula in California. Plant Disease. 102 (5), 1025-1026. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-17-1538-PDN

Schwartz H F, Otto K, 2000. First report of a leaf blight of onion caused by Xanthomonas campestris in Colorado. Plant Disease. 84 (8), 922-922. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.8.922D

Stead D E, Parkinson N, Aspin A, Heeney J, Crump S, Vicente J G, 2016. First occurrence of Xanthomonas campestris pv. raphani on wallflower (Erysimum cheiri) in the United Kingdom. New Disease Reports. 14. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2016.034.014

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