Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Xanthomonas campestris
(black rot of crucifers)



Xanthomonas campestris (black rot of crucifers)


  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Xanthomonas campestris
  • Preferred Common Name
  • black rot of crucifers
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Gammaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Xanthomonadales
  •         Family: Xanthomonadaceae
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Xanthomonas campestris (Pammel 1895) Dowson 1939

Preferred Common Name

  • black rot of crucifers

Other Scientific Names

  • Bacillus campestris Pammel 1895
  • Bacterium campestre (Pammel) Smith 1897
  • Phytomonas campestris (Pammel) Bergey et al. 1923
  • Pseudomonas campestris (Pam.) E.F.Smith

International Common Names

  • English: black rot: cabbage; brown rot of brassicas; leaf blight of brassicas; vascular disease: Brassica spp.
  • Spanish: nerviaciones negras de la col; podredumbre negra de las crucíferas; pudricion negra de las cruciferas
  • French: nervation noire des cruciferes; nervation noire du chou; nervation noire du navet; pourriture noire des crucifères; pourriture noire du chou

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Adern-: Kohl Schwaerze; Gefaessbakteriose: Kohl; Schwarzadrigkeit: Kohl

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Gammaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Xanthomonadales
  •                 Family: Xanthomonadaceae
  •                     Genus: Xanthomonas
  •                         Species: Xanthomonas campestris

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


NigerPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
NigeriaPresentCABI (Undated a)
SenegalPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
TanzaniaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
ZambiaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)


IndiaPresentBradbury (1986)
-AssamPresentCABI (Undated a)
-Himachal PradeshPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
-KarnatakaPresentAchar et al. (2014)Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary
-Uttar PradeshPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
IranPresentCABI (Undated a)
JapanPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
South KoreaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
ThailandPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
TurkeyPresentBradbury (1986)


BelgiumPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
FrancePresentCABI (Undated a)
HungaryPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
ItalyPresentMartini et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
NetherlandsAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyCABI (Undated)based on long-term annual surveys; Original citation: NPPO of the Netherlands, 2012
RussiaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
-SiberiaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)

North America

BarbadosPresentCABI (Undated a)
CubaPresentCABI (Undated a)
MartiniquePresentCABI (Undated a)
MexicoPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
Puerto RicoPresentCABI (Undated a)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)
-CaliforniaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-ConnecticutPresentBradbury (1986)
-FloridaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
-IllinoisPresentBradbury (1986)
-IowaPresentBradbury (1986)
-LouisianaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
-MarylandPresentBradbury (1986)
-MissouriPresentBradbury (1986)
-South DakotaPresentBradbury (1986)
-VirginiaPresentBradbury (1986)


Papua New GuineaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)

South America

ArgentinaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
BrazilPresentCABI (Undated a)
VenezuelaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / necrotic areas

Distribution Maps

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