Invasive Species Compendium

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Vitex trifolia

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Datasheet

Vitex trifolia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Vitex trifolia
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Vitex trifolia (vitex); flowering habit, showing leaves and flowers. Mangrove Nature Park Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
TitleFlowering habit
CaptionVitex trifolia (vitex); flowering habit, showing leaves and flowers. Mangrove Nature Park Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); flowering habit, showing leaves and flowers. Mangrove Nature Park Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
Flowering habitVitex trifolia (vitex); flowering habit, showing leaves and flowers. Mangrove Nature Park Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); flowers and leaves. Old golf course, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
TitleFlowering habit
CaptionVitex trifolia (vitex); flowers and leaves. Old golf course, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); flowers and leaves. Old golf course, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Flowering habitVitex trifolia (vitex); flowers and leaves. Old golf course, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); flowering habit, showing leaves and flowers. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.
TitleFlowering habit
CaptionVitex trifolia (vitex); flowering habit, showing leaves and flowers. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.
Copyright©V.R. Vinayaraj/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); flowering habit, showing leaves and flowers. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.
Flowering habitVitex trifolia (vitex); flowering habit, showing leaves and flowers. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.©V.R. Vinayaraj/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); lowers. Mangrove Nature Park Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
TitleFlowers
CaptionVitex trifolia (vitex); lowers. Mangrove Nature Park Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); lowers. Mangrove Nature Park Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
FlowersVitex trifolia (vitex); lowers. Mangrove Nature Park Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); flowers. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.
TitleFlowers
CaptionVitex trifolia (vitex); flowers. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.
Copyright©V.R. Vinayaraj/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); flowers. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.
FlowersVitex trifolia (vitex); flowers. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.©V.R. Vinayaraj/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); flowers. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.
TitleFlowers
CaptionVitex trifolia (vitex); flowers. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.
Copyright©V.R. Vinayaraj/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); flowers. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.
FlowersVitex trifolia (vitex); flowers. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.©V.R. Vinayaraj/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); leaves and immature fruit. Mangrove Nature Park Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
TitleFruiting habit
CaptionVitex trifolia (vitex); leaves and immature fruit. Mangrove Nature Park Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); leaves and immature fruit. Mangrove Nature Park Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
Fruiting habitVitex trifolia (vitex); leaves and immature fruit. Mangrove Nature Park Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); leaves and immature fruit. Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
TitleFruit
CaptionVitex trifolia (vitex); leaves and immature fruit. Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); leaves and immature fruit. Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
FruitVitex trifolia (vitex); leaves and immature fruit. Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); fruits. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.
TitleFruits
CaptionVitex trifolia (vitex); fruits. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.
Copyright©V.R. Vinayaraj/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); fruits. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.
FruitsVitex trifolia (vitex); fruits. Kavvayi backwaters, Payyannur, Kerala, India. July 2016.©V.R. Vinayaraj/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); habit. Honolua Lipoa Point, Maui, Hawaii, USA. April 2018.
TitleInvasive habit
CaptionVitex trifolia (vitex); habit. Honolua Lipoa Point, Maui, Hawaii, USA. April 2018.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); habit. Honolua Lipoa Point, Maui, Hawaii, USA. April 2018.
Invasive habitVitex trifolia (vitex); habit. Honolua Lipoa Point, Maui, Hawaii, USA. April 2018.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
VitexVitex trifolia (vitex); habit, on old golf course, with Laysan Albatross chick (Phoebastria immutabilis). Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
TitleInvasive habit
CaptionVitexVitex trifolia (vitex); habit, on old golf course, with Laysan Albatross chick (Phoebastria immutabilis). Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
VitexVitex trifolia (vitex); habit, on old golf course, with Laysan Albatross chick (Phoebastria immutabilis). Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Invasive habitVitexVitex trifolia (vitex); habit, on old golf course, with Laysan Albatross chick (Phoebastria immutabilis). Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); habit, on old golf course, with Laysan Albatross chick (Phoebastria immutabilis). Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
TitleInvasive habit
CaptionVitex trifolia (vitex); habit, on old golf course, with Laysan Albatross chick (Phoebastria immutabilis). Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Vitex trifolia (vitex); habit, on old golf course, with Laysan Albatross chick (Phoebastria immutabilis). Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Invasive habitVitex trifolia (vitex); habit, on old golf course, with Laysan Albatross chick (Phoebastria immutabilis). Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Vitex trifolia L.

EPPO code

  • VIXTR (Vitex trifolia)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Lamiales
  •                         Family: Lamiaceae
  •                             Genus: Vitex
  •                                 Species: Vitex trifolia

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 29 May 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

ComorosPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
KenyaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
MadagascarPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
MauritiusPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
MozambiquePresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
Saint Helena
-AscensionPresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
SeychellesPresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
SomaliaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
South AfricaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
TanzaniaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)

Asia

AfghanistanPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
BangladeshPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
IndonesiaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-BorneoPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
-JavaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-Lesser Sunda IslandsPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-Maluku IslandsPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-SulawesiPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-SumatraPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
ChinaPresent, LocalizedNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
-AnhuiPresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
-FujianPresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
-GuangdongPresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
-GuangxiPresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
-HebeiPresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
-JiangsuPresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
-JiangxiPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
-LiaoningPresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
-ShandongPresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
-YunnanPresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
-ZhejiangPresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
Cocos IslandsPresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
IndiaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-AssamPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-GujaratPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
-HaryanaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
-KarnatakaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
-KeralaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
-MaharashtraPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
-PunjabPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
-Tamil NaduPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
-West BengalPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
IranPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
JapanPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-HonshuPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
-KyushuPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
-Ryukyu IslandsPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-ShikokuPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
KazakhstanPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
LaosPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
MalaysiaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-SarawakPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
MyanmarPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
NepalPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
North KoreaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
PhilippinesPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
South KoreaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
Sri LankaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
TaiwanPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
ThailandPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
VietnamPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)

North America

BahamasPresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
Costa RicaPresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
CubaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
El SalvadorPresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
MexicoPresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
NicaraguaPresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
United StatesPresentCABI (2020)Present, based on regional distribution
-AlabamaPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)Listed as Vitex trifolia subsp. litoralis
-FloridaPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
-HawaiiPresentIntroducedWagner et al. (1999)Naturalized
-North CarolinaPresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2016)Listed as Vitex trifolia subsp. litoralis
-South CarolinaPresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2016)Listed as Vitex trifolia subsp. litoralis

Oceania

AustraliaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-New South WalesPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-Northern TerritoryPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-QueenslandPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-Western AustraliaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
Christmas IslandPresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
Cook IslandsPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
FijiPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
French PolynesiaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
NauruPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
New CaledoniaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
NiuePresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
Northern Mariana IslandsPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
Papua New GuineaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
-Bismarck ArchipelagoPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
Solomon IslandsPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
TongaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
VanuatuPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
Wallis and FutunaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)

South America

BoliviaPresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)

Distribution References

CABI, 2020. CABI Distribution Database: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. Flora of China. In: Flora of China. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2

Govaerts R, 2016. World Checklist of Lamiaceae., Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/

Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016. Tropicos database. In: Tropicos database. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. http://www.tropicos.org/

Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. 6 (Special Issue No. 1), 22-96.

USDA-ARS, 2016. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Online Database. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Online Database. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx

USDA-NRCS, 2016. The PLANTS Database. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov

Wagner W L, Herbst D R, Sohmer S H, 1999. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, Vols. 1 and 2. Honolulu, USA: University of Hawai'i and Bishop Museum Press. xviii + 1919 pp.

Uses List

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Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore

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