Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Vitis vinifera
(grapevine)

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Datasheet

Vitis vinifera (grapevine)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Vitis vinifera
  • Preferred Common Name
  • grapevine
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Vitis vinifera (grapevine); tip of a growing shoot of a cultivar.  Note the twice-forked tendrils, which are typically opposite two adjacent leaves, but not opposite each third leaf.
TitleGrowing shoot
CaptionVitis vinifera (grapevine); tip of a growing shoot of a cultivar. Note the twice-forked tendrils, which are typically opposite two adjacent leaves, but not opposite each third leaf.
Copyright©Anna Schneider/CNR, Turin
Vitis vinifera (grapevine); tip of a growing shoot of a cultivar.  Note the twice-forked tendrils, which are typically opposite two adjacent leaves, but not opposite each third leaf.
Growing shootVitis vinifera (grapevine); tip of a growing shoot of a cultivar. Note the twice-forked tendrils, which are typically opposite two adjacent leaves, but not opposite each third leaf.©Anna Schneider/CNR, Turin
Vitis vinifera (grapevine); mature leaf, with margins irregularly indented and deep basal sinus. The blade is generally 3-5 lobed, but in some cultivars is entire.
TitleLeaf
CaptionVitis vinifera (grapevine); mature leaf, with margins irregularly indented and deep basal sinus. The blade is generally 3-5 lobed, but in some cultivars is entire.
Copyright©Anna Schneider/CNR, Turin
Vitis vinifera (grapevine); mature leaf, with margins irregularly indented and deep basal sinus. The blade is generally 3-5 lobed, but in some cultivars is entire.
LeafVitis vinifera (grapevine); mature leaf, with margins irregularly indented and deep basal sinus. The blade is generally 3-5 lobed, but in some cultivars is entire. ©Anna Schneider/CNR, Turin
Vitis vinifera (grapevine); a black wine grape. Clusters are present on the basal part of the cane which originated in the spring from a winter bud of a 1- year-old cane. The leaves have been removed to expose the eyes (dormant or compound winter buds), and the lateral shoot behind the cluster formed in the same spring from a lateral bud.
TitleFruit
CaptionVitis vinifera (grapevine); a black wine grape. Clusters are present on the basal part of the cane which originated in the spring from a winter bud of a 1- year-old cane. The leaves have been removed to expose the eyes (dormant or compound winter buds), and the lateral shoot behind the cluster formed in the same spring from a lateral bud.
Copyright©Anna Schneider/CNR, Turin
Vitis vinifera (grapevine); a black wine grape. Clusters are present on the basal part of the cane which originated in the spring from a winter bud of a 1- year-old cane. The leaves have been removed to expose the eyes (dormant or compound winter buds), and the lateral shoot behind the cluster formed in the same spring from a lateral bud.
FruitVitis vinifera (grapevine); a black wine grape. Clusters are present on the basal part of the cane which originated in the spring from a winter bud of a 1- year-old cane. The leaves have been removed to expose the eyes (dormant or compound winter buds), and the lateral shoot behind the cluster formed in the same spring from a lateral bud.©Anna Schneider/CNR, Turin
Vitis vinifera (grapevine); a white wine grape during ripening. The green colour fades (in black grapes anthocyanins are rapidly accumulating in the skin), berry texture softens, sugars accumulate and the acidity decreases.
TitleFruit
CaptionVitis vinifera (grapevine); a white wine grape during ripening. The green colour fades (in black grapes anthocyanins are rapidly accumulating in the skin), berry texture softens, sugars accumulate and the acidity decreases.
Copyright©Anna Schneider/CNR, Turin
Vitis vinifera (grapevine); a white wine grape during ripening. The green colour fades (in black grapes anthocyanins are rapidly accumulating in the skin), berry texture softens, sugars accumulate and the acidity decreases.
FruitVitis vinifera (grapevine); a white wine grape during ripening. The green colour fades (in black grapes anthocyanins are rapidly accumulating in the skin), berry texture softens, sugars accumulate and the acidity decreases.©Anna Schneider/CNR, Turin
Vitis vinifera (grapevine); compact clusters of a white wine grape. The bunch is opposite the winter bud complex. The main axis of the cluster is known as the rachis. The region of the rachis extending from the cane to its first branch is called the peduncle or stem.
TitleFruit
CaptionVitis vinifera (grapevine); compact clusters of a white wine grape. The bunch is opposite the winter bud complex. The main axis of the cluster is known as the rachis. The region of the rachis extending from the cane to its first branch is called the peduncle or stem.
Copyright©Anna Schneider/CNR, Turin
Vitis vinifera (grapevine); compact clusters of a white wine grape. The bunch is opposite the winter bud complex. The main axis of the cluster is known as the rachis. The region of the rachis extending from the cane to its first branch is called the peduncle or stem.
FruitVitis vinifera (grapevine); compact clusters of a white wine grape. The bunch is opposite the winter bud complex. The main axis of the cluster is known as the rachis. The region of the rachis extending from the cane to its first branch is called the peduncle or stem.©Anna Schneider/CNR, Turin

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Vitis vinifera L.

Preferred Common Name

  • grapevine

International Common Names

  • English: grape; grape vine; wine grape
  • Spanish: uva; vid; viña
  • French: vigne
  • Portuguese: videira

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Weinrebe
  • Italy: vite
  • Netherlands: wijndruif; wijnstock

EPPO code

  • VITVI (Vitis vinifera)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rhamnales
  •                         Family: Vitaceae
  •                             Genus: Vitis
  •                                 Species: Vitis vinifera

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 21 Jul 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentGrapes production (2008) 250,000 MT (F)
EgyptPresentGrapes production (2008) 1,531,418 MT
EthiopiaPresentGrapes production (2008) 7,000 MT (F)
MadagascarPresentGrapes production (2008) 12,000 MT (F)
MoroccoPresentGrapes production (2008) 290,794 MT
NamibiaPresentGrapes production (2008) 18,000 MT (F)
RéunionPresentGrapes production (2008) 200 MT (F)
South AfricaPresentGrapes production (2008) 1,791,643 MT
TunisiaPresentGrapes production (2008) 132,000 MT
ZimbabwePresentGrapes production (2008) 2,700 MT (F)

Asia

AfghanistanPresentGrapes production (2008) 350,000 MT (F)
ArmeniaPresentGrapes production (2008) 185,832 MT
AzerbaijanPresentGrapes production (2008) 115,822 MT
BahrainPresentGrapes production (2008) 130 MT (F)
BhutanPresentIntroduced1969
ChinaPresentGrapes production (2008) 7,284,656 MT (F)
-AnhuiPresent
-GuangdongPresent
-GuangxiPresent
-HainanPresent
-HenanPresent
-HubeiPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-JiangxiPresent
-XinjiangPresent
IndiaPresentGrapes production (2008) 1,677,100 MT
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-MaharashtraPresent
-PunjabPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresentGrapes production (2008) 184,000 MT (F)
IsraelPresentGrapes production (2008) 116,288 MT
JapanPresentGrapes production (2008) 209,100 MT (F)
JordanPresentGrapes production (2008) 26,370 MT
KazakhstanPresentGrapes production (2008) 33,460 MT
KuwaitPresentGrapes production (2008) 10 MT (F)
KyrgyzstanPresentGrapes production (2008) 10,500 MT
LebanonPresentGrapes production (2008) 118,900 MT (F)
PakistanPresentGrapes production (2008) 122,439 MT
PhilippinesPresentGrapes production (2008) 125 MT (F)
QatarPresentGrapes production (2008) 30 MT (F)
Saudi ArabiaPresentGrapes production (2008) 144,430 MT (F)
South KoreaPresentGrapes production (2008) 333,596 MT
SyriaPresentGrapes production (2008) 273,028 MT (F)
TaiwanPresent
TajikistanPresentGrapes production (2008) 117,897 MT
ThailandPresentGrapes production (2008) 45,000 MT (F)
TurkeyPresentGrapes production (2008) 3,918,440 MT
TurkmenistanPresentGrapes production (2008) 175,000 MT (F)
United Arab EmiratesPresentGrapes production (2008) 60 MT (F)
UzbekistanPresentGrapes production (2008) 791,000 MT
VietnamPresentGrapes production (2008) 29,000 MT (F)
YemenPresentGrapes production (2008) 127,132 MT
-SocotraPresentIntroduced2004

Europe

AlbaniaPresentGrapes production (2008) 150,000 MT
AustriaPresentGrapes production (2008) 399,163 MT
BelgiumPresentGrapes production (2008) 500 MT (F)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresent
BulgariaPresentGrapes production (2008) 363,539 MT
CroatiaPresentGrapes production (2008) 185,256 MT
CyprusPresentGrapes production (2008) 35,976 MT
CzechiaPresentGrapes production (2008) 98,323 MT
FrancePresentGrapes production (2008) 5,664,195 MT
-CorsicaPresentIntroduced2001
GermanyPresentGrapes production (2008) 1,428,776 MT (F)
GreecePresentGrapes production (2008) 950,000 MT (F)
-CretePresent
HungaryPresentGrapes production (2008) 540,071 MT (F)
IrelandPresentIntroduced1979
ItalyPresentGrapes production (2008) 7,793,301 MT
-SardiniaPresent
-SicilyPresent
LiechtensteinPresentGrapes production (2008) 200 MT (F)
LithuaniaPresentIntroduced1990
LuxembourgPresentGrapes production (2008) 16,900 MT
MaltaPresentGrapes production (2008) 3,387 MT (F)
MoldovaPresentGrapes production (2008) 635,513 MT
MontenegroPresent
NetherlandsPresentGrapes production (2008) 125 MT (F)
North MacedoniaPresent
NorwayPresentIntroduced1901
PortugalPresentGrapes production (2008) 763,000 MT
-AzoresPresent
RomaniaPresentGrapes production (2008) 1,010,020 MT
RussiaPresentGrapes production (2008) 279,610 MT
SerbiaPresentGrapes production (2008) 372,967 MT
SlovakiaPresentGrapes production (2008) 51,617 MT
SloveniaPresentGrapes production (2008) 105,719 MT
SpainPresentGrapes production (2008) 6,053,000 MT
SwitzerlandPresentGrapes production (2008) 136,069 MT
UkrainePresentGrapes production (2008) 415,300 MT
United KingdomPresentGrapes production (2008) 1,000 MT (F)
-EnglandPresent

North America

CanadaPresentGrapes production (2008) 80,959 MT
-British ColumbiaPresent
-OntarioPresent
GuatemalaPresentGrapes production (2008) 14,300 MT (F)
HondurasPresentGrapes production (2008) 180 MT (F)
MexicoPresentGrapes production (2008) 307,478 MT
United StatesPresentGrapes production (2008) 6,744,840 MT
-CaliforniaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-KentuckyPresent
-New MexicoPresent
-New YorkPresent
-North CarolinaPresent
-OhioPresent
-OregonPresent
-PennsylvaniaPresent
-TexasPresent
-WashingtonPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresentGrapes production (2008) 1,956,790 MT
-New South WalesPresent
-QueenslandPresent
-South AustraliaPresent
-VictoriaPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
New ZealandPresentGrapes production (2008) 190,000 MT (F)
-Kermadec IslandsPresentIntroduced1887

South America

ArgentinaPresentGrapes production (2008) 2,900,000 MT (F)
BoliviaPresentGrapes production (2008) 32,924 MT (F)
BrazilPresentGrapes production (2008) 1,403,002 MT
-ParanaPresent
-PernambucoPresent
-Rio Grande do NortePresent
-Rio Grande do SulPresent
ChilePresentGrapes production (2008) 2,350,000 MT (F)
ColombiaPresentGrapes production (2008) 37,376 MT
EcuadorPresentGrapes production (2008) 540 MT (F)
ParaguayPresentGrapes production (2008) 2,300 MT (F)
PeruPresentGrapes production (2008) 196,604 MT (F)
UruguayPresentGrapes production (2008) 112,883 MT

References

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Tedeschi, R., Picciau, L., Quaglino, F., Abou-Jawdah, Y., Lova, M. M., Jawhari, M., Casati, P., Cominetti, A., Choueiri, E., Abdul-Nour, H., Bianco, P. A., Alma, A., 2015. A cixiid survey for natural potential vectors of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' in Lebanon and preliminary transmission trials. Annals of Applied Biology, 166(3), 372-388. doi: 10.1111/aab.12188

Distribution References

Aballay E, Eriksson B, 2006. Trichodorid nematodes in the central area of Chile. Nematologia Mediterranea. 34 (1), 43-48.

Aballay E, Persson P, Mårtensson A, 2009. Plant-parasitic nematodes in Chilean vineyards. Nematropica. 39 (1), 85-97. http://fulltext10.fcla.edu/DLData/SN/SN00995444/0039_001/85-98.pdf

Abdullah S K, Azzo N M, 2015. Two new records of Chaetomium species isolated from soil under grapevine plantations and a checklist of the genus in Iraq. International Journal of Agricultural Technology. 11 (7), 1515-1522. http://www.ijat-aatsea.com/pdf/v11_n7_15_November/8-IJAT_11(7)_2015_samir%20abdullah%20-%20Microbiology-%20Author.pdf

Abelleira A, Mansilla J P, Padilla V, Hita I, Cabaleiro C, Bertolini E, Olmos A, Legorburu F J, 2010. First report of Arabis mosaic virus on grapevine in Spain. Plant Disease. 94 (5), 635. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-94-5-0635A

Abkhoo J, 2015. Powdery mildews causing fungi in Iran. Mycopath. 13 (1), 51-55. http://111.68.103.26/journals/index.php/mycopath/article/viewFile/673/354

Adeldoost Y, Heydari R, Esmaeili M, Miraeiz E, 2017. Description of some known species of the genus Aphelenchoides Fisher, 1984 (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) from Iran. Journal of Crop Protection. 6 (1), 125-143. http://jcp.modares.ac.ir/article-3-5102-en.pdf

Afechtal M, Bibi I, Aarabe A, Sbaghi M, Ouantar M, Faddoul Z, 2017. First report of grapevine leafroll-associated virus 2 in Moroccan vineyards. Journal of Plant Pathology. 99 (2), 538. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3906/2550

Ahmed H M H, Digiaro M, Martelli G P, 2004. Viruses and virus diseases of grapevine in Egypt. Bulletin OEPP. 34 (3), 395-398. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2004.00759.x

Ahmed I, Fan X D, Zhang Z P, Ren F, Hu G J, Li Z N, Khaskheli M I, Dong Y F, 2018. First report of Grapevine syrah virus-1 in Grapevines in China. Plant Disease. 102 (2), 466. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-17-1358-PDN

Akbarzadeh-Shokat G, Alipanah H, 2009. Report of Coleophora hemerobiella (Lep.: Coleophoridae: Coleophorinae) from Iran. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran. 28 (2), Pe69-Pe70.

Akgül D S, Ahioğlu M, 2019. Fungal pathogens associated with young grapevine decline in the Southern Turkey vineyards. BIO Web of Conferences. DOI:10.1051/bioconf/20191501027

Akgül D S, Mayorquİn J S, Eskalen A, 2014. First report of Diaporthe neoviticola associated with wood cankers of grapevine in Turkey. Plant Disease. 98 (5), 692. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-13-0872-PDN

Akgül D S, Savaș N G, Önder S, Özben S, Kaymak S, 2014a. First report of Campylocarpon fasciculare causing black foot disease of grapevine in Turkey. Plant Disease. 98 (9), 1277. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-14-0284-PDN

Akgul D S, Savas N G, Eskalen A, 2014. First report of wood canker caused by Botryosphaeria dothidea, Diplodia seriata, Neofusicoccum parvum, and Lasiodiplodia theobromae on grapevine in Turkey. Plant Disease. 98 (4), 568. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-13-0726-PDN

Alimad N, Naffaa W, Azmeh F, 2017. Overwintering form of Erysiphe necator, the causal agent of grapevine powdery mildew in southern Syria. Journal of Plant Protection Research. 57 (2), 129-135. DOI:10.1515/jppr-2017-0017

Allsopp E, Fourie J C, 2019. Survival of vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus (Signoret) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), on grapevine root remnants in soil in the Western Cape province, South Africa. South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture. 40 (2), 253-259. DOI:10.21548/40-2-3305

Almendra-Paxtian L, García-Martínez O, Robles-Hernández V E, Sánchez-Peña S R, 2021. Cicadomorpha in a vineyard at Parras, Coahuila, Mexico, and vectors of diseases. Southwestern Entomologist. 46 (1), 147-152. DOI:10.3958/059.046.0114

Al-Rwahnih M, Rowhani A, Smith R J, Uyemoto J K, Sudarshana M R, 2012. Grapevine necrotic union, a newly recognized disease of unknown etiology in grapevines grafted on 110 richter rootstock in California. Journal of Plant Pathology. 94 (1), 149-156. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/2450

Amanifar N, Taghavi M, Izadpanah K, Babaei G, 2014. Isolation and pathogenicity of Xylella fastidiosa from grapevine and almond in Iran. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 53 (2), 318-327. http://www.fupress.com/pm/

Ammad F, Benchabane M, Toumi M, Belkacem N, Guesmi A, Ameur C, Lecomte P, Merah O, 2014. Occurrence of Botryosphaeriaceae species associated with grapevine dieback in Algeria. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. 38 (6), 865-876. http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/agriculture/

Anas O, Harrison U J, Brannen P M, Sutton T B, 2008. The effect of warming winter temperatures on the severity of Pierce's disease in the Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont of the southeastern United States. Plant Health Progress. 0718-01.

Armengol J, Vicent A, Torné L, García-Figueres F, García-Jiménez J, 2001. Fungi associated with esca and grapevine declines in Spain: a three-year survey. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 40 (Supplement), S325-S329.

Aroca A, García-Figueres F, Bracamonte L, Luque J, Raposo R, 2006. A survey of trunk disease pathogens within rootstocks of grapevines in Spain. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 115 (2), 195-202. DOI:10.1007/s10658-006-9008-5

Aroca A, Luque J, Raposo R, 2008. First report of Phaeoacremonium viticola affecting grapevines in Spain. Plant Pathology. 57 (2), 386. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01656.x

Arzanlou M, Moshari S, Salari M, Badali H, 2013a. Molecular characterisation and pathogenicity of Phaeoacremonium spp. associated with esca disease of grapevine in Northern Iran. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 46 (4), 375-388. DOI:10.1080/03235408.2012.741443

Arzanlou M, Narmani A, Moshari S, Khodaei S, Babai-Ahari A, 2013. Truncatella angustata associated with grapevine trunk disease in northern Iran. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 46 (10), 1168-1181. DOI:10.1080/03235408.2012.761417

Auger J, Esterio M, Pérez I, Gubler W D, Eskalen A, 2004. First report of Phaeomoniella chlamydospora on Vitis vinifera and French American hybrids in Chile. Plant Disease. 88 (11), 1285. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2004.88.11.1285C

Avgelis A D, Tzortzakakis E A, 2001. Occurrence of viruses and Xiphinema spp. in vineyards of the Greek islands of Paros and Lemnos. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 40 (3), 284-288.

Băileştianu N A, Mitrea R, 2019. The black rot – a new challenge for vine crops. Annals of the University of Craiova - Agriculture, Montanology, Cadastre Series. 49 (1), 20-25. http://anale.agro-craiova.ro/index.php/aamc/article/view/874/824

Balakishiyeva G, Mammadov A, Foissac X, Huseynova I, Aliyev J, 2016. First report of grapevine 'bois noir' in Azerbaijan. Plant Disease. 100 (12), 2522. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-16-0781-PDN

Baloyi M A, Halleen F, Mostert L, Eskalen A, 2013. First report of Togninia minima perithecia on esca- and petri-diseased grapevines in South Africa. Plant Disease. 97 (9), 1247. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-12-0963-PDN

Baloyi M A, Halleen F, Mostert L, Eskalen A, 2016. First report of Phaeomoniella chlamydospora pycnidia as petri disease inoculum sources in South African vineyards. Plant Disease. 100 (12), 2528. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-04-16-0569-PDN

Barnay O, Hommay G, Gertz C, Kienlen J C, Schubert G, Marro J P, Pizzol J, Chavigny P, 2001. Survey of natural populations of Trichogramma (Hym., Trichogrammatidae) in the vineyards of Alsace (France). Journal of Applied Entomology. 125 (8), 469-477. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0418.2001.00575.x

Baroncelli R, Sreenivasaprasad S, Lane C R, Thon M R, Sukno S A, 2014. First report of Colletotrichum acutatum sensu lato (Colletotrichum godetiae) causing anthracnose on grapevine (Vitis vinifera) in the United Kingdom. New Disease Reports. 26. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=029026 DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2014.029.026

Barsi L, Lamberti F, 2004. Morphometrics of Longidorus juvenilis and first record of L. aetnaeus and L. moesicus (Nematoda: Dorylaimida) from Serbia. Nematologia Mediterranea. 32 (1), 5-14.

Basheer A M, Asslan L, Saleh A, Diab N, Mohamed E, 2016. Scale insect species (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) in Syria. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin. 46 (2), 305-307. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2338

Bashir N S, Hajizadeh M, 2007. Survey for Grapevine fanleaf virus in vineyards of north-west Iran and genetic diversity of isolates. Australasian Plant Pathology. 36 (1), 46-52. DOI:10.1071/AP06080

Ben Ghnaya-Chakroun A, Rezgui A, Vallance J, Kharoubi I, Dridi M, Hajlaoui M R, Rey P, Sadfi-Zouaoui N, 2014. First molecular and biochemical characterization of Phomopsis viticola and Diploidia seriata two pathogens of esca and black dead arm diseases of grapevine in the northern region of the Tunisia. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 3 (8), 977-987. http://www.ijcmas.com/vol-3-8/Asma%20Ben%20Ghnaya-Chakroun,%20et%20al.pdf

Bendezú-Euribe M V, Alvarez L A, 2012. The perfect stage of powdery mildew of grapevine caused by Erysiphe necator found in Peru. Plant Disease. 96 (5), 768. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-11-11-0985

Benito N P, Lopes-da-Silva M, Santos R S S dos, 2016. Potential spread and economic impact of invasive Drosophila suzukii in Brazil. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira. 51 (5), 571-578. DOI:10.1590/S0100-204X2016000500018

Berraf-Tebbal A, Guereiro M A, Phillips A J L, 2014. Phylogeny of Neofusicoccum species associated with grapevine trunk diseases in Algeria, with description of Neofusicoccum algeriense sp. nov. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 53 (3), 416-427. http://www.fupress.com/pm/

Beuve M, Candresse T, Tannières M, Lemaire O, 2015. First report of Grapevine pinot gris virus (GPGV) in grapevine in France. Plant Disease. 99 (2), 293-294. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-14-1008-PDN

Beuve M, Candresse T, Tannières M, Lemaire O, 2015a. First report of Grapevine redglobe virus (GRGV) in grapevine in France. Plant Disease. 99 (3), 422. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-14-1009-PDN

Billones R G, Ridgway H J, Jones E E, Jaspers M V, 2010. First report of Neofusicoccum macroclavatum as a canker pathogen of grapevine in New Zealand. Plant Disease. 94 (12), 1504. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-10-0494

Blouin A G, MacDiarmid R M, 2017. Distinct isolates of Grapevine rupestris vein feathering virus detected in Vitis vinifera in New Zealand. Plant Disease. 101 (12), 2156. DOI:10.1094/pdis-06-17-0885-pdn

Bontă M, Peneva V, Lazarova S, Roșca I, 2012. Diversity of Xiphinema species (Nematoda: Dorylaimida) associated with different crops in Romania. Scientific Papers - Series A, Agronomy. 387-390. http://agronomyjournal.usamv.ro/pdf/vol55/Art73.pdf

Borbón C M de, Zamar M I, 2018. Two new species of Frankliniella (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) from Argentina with a key to species from Argentina and Chile. Zootaxa. 4369 (3), 419-431. http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4369.3.7

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