Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide





Vitis (grape)


  • Last modified
  • 17 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Vitis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • grape
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Vitis L.

Preferred Common Name

  • grape

International Common Names

  • French: vigne

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Weinrebe

EPPO code

  • VITSS (Vitis sp.)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rhamnales
  •                         Family: Vitaceae
  •                             Genus: Vitis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 21 Jul 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


South AfricaPresent


South KoreaPresent



North America

United StatesPresent
-New YorkPresent


-Northern TerritoryPresent
-South AustraliaPresent

South America

-Rio Grande do SulPresent

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Eurytoma Herbivore Plants|Seeds


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Chiotta, M. L., Ponsone, M. L., Sosa, D. M., Combina, M., Chulze, S. N., 2013. Biodiversity of Aspergillus section Nigri populations in Argentinian vineyards and ochratoxin A contamination., Food Microbiology, 36(2):182-190

Creasy, G. L., Creasy, L. L., 2009. Grapes., Grapes:xi-xii + 279 pp.

Dachoupakan, C., Strub, C., Martinez, V., Baccou, J. C., Schorr-Galindo, S., 2016. Impact of grapevine preharvest treatments with elicitor on the occurrence and toxigenesis of ochratoxigenic fungi., Biocontrol of major grapevine diseases: leading research:191-209

EPPO, 2016. EPPO-PQR, Plant Quarantine Data Retrieval System, European and Mediterranean


Janick, J., Paull, R. E., 2008. The encyclopedia of fruit & nuts., The encyclopedia of fruit & nuts:xviii + 954 pp.

Leslie, J. F., Bandyopadhyay, R., Visconti, A., 2008. Mycotoxins: detection methods, management, public health and agricultural trade., Mycotoxins: detection methods, management, public health and agricultural trade:ix-x + 422 pp.

Stobbs, L. W., Greig, N., Weaver, S., Shipp, L., Ferguson, G., 2009. The potential role of native weed species and bumble bees (Bombus impatiens) on the epidemiology of Pepino mosaic virus. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 31(2), 254-261.

Terry, L. A., 2011. Health-promoting properties of fruit and vegetables., Health-promoting properties of fruit and vegetables:x + 417 pp.

Velasco, R., Zharkikh, A., Troggio, M. et al., PLos One 2007, No.December pp.e1326 ref.129.

WSU, 2016. From bud to bottle, wine export spotlight: mycotoxins. Washington State University, Research and Extension, USA

Distribution References

Aguín-Casal O, Sáinz-Osés M J, Mansilla-Vázquez J P, 2004. Armillaria species infesting vineyards in northwestern Spain. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 110 (7), 683-687. DOI:10.1023/B:EJPP.0000041553.98879.51

Aroca A, Raposo R, Gramaje D, Armengol J, Martos S, Luque J, 2008. First report of Lasiodiplodia theobromae associated with decline of grapevine rootstock mother plants in Spain. Plant Disease. 92 (5), 832. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-92-5-0832B

Auger J, Esterio M, Pérez I, Gubler W D, Eskalen A, 2004. First report of Phaeomoniella chlamydospora on Vitis vinifera and French American hybrids in Chile. Plant Disease. 88 (11), 1285. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2004.88.11.1285C

Biranvand A, Nedvěd O, Tomaszewska W, Al-Ansi A N, Fekrat L, Haghghadam Z M, Khormizi M Z, Noorinahad S, Şenal D, Shakarami J, Haelewaters D, 2019. The genus Harmonia (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) in the Middle East region. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae. 59 (1), 163-170. DOI:10.2478/aemnp-2019-0014

Buzkan N, Oztırak M K, Balsak S C, 2017. First report of grapevine virus D (GVD) in autochthonous grapevine varieties in Turkey. Journal of Plant Pathology. 99 (3), 803.

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Canale M C, Nesi C N, Falkenbach B R, Silva C A H da, Brugnara E C, 2019. Pleurostomophora richardsiae associated with olive tree and grapevine decline in Southern Brazil. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 58 (1), 201-205. DOI:10.14601/Phytopathol_Mediterr-23357

Celebİ-Toprak F, Thompson J R, Perry K L, Fuchs M, 2013. Arabis mosaic virus in grapevines in New York state. Plant Disease. 97 (6), 849-850. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-12-0862-PDN

Chehri K, 2017. Morphological and molecular characterisation of Campylocarpon fasciculare and Fusarium spp., the cause of black disease of grapevine in Iran. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science. 40 (4), 587-599.

Chireceanu C, Teodoru A, Chiriloaie A, 2017. New invasive insect pests recently reported in Southern Romania. Scientific Papers - Series B, Horticulture. 461-467.

Choueiri E, Jreijiri F, Chlela P, Louvet G, Lecomte P, 2006. Occurrence of grapevine declines and first report of black dead arm associated with Botryosphaeria obtusa in Lebanon. Plant Disease. 90 (1), 115. DOI:10.1094/PD-90-0115A

Fischer M, Schneider P, Kraus C, Molnar M, Dubois C, D'Aguiar D, Haag N, 2016. Grapevine trunk disease in German viticulture: occurrence of lesser known fungi and first report of Phaeoacremonium viticola and P. fraxinopennsylvanicum. Vitis. 55 (4), 145-156.

Fourie P H, Halleen F, 2004. Occurrence of grapevine trunk disease pathogens in rootstock mother plants in South Africa. Australasian Plant Pathology. 33 (2), 313-315. DOI:10.1071/AP04005

Frighetto J M, Machota Junior R, Bortoli L C, Botton M, Guerra A C B, 2019. Spatial and temporal distribution of South American fruit fly in vineyards. Revista Ceres. 66 (4), 287-296. DOI:10.1590/0034-737X201966040007

Hoddle M S, Triapitsyn S V, Morgan D J W, 2003. Distribution and plant association records for Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in Florida. Florida Entomologist. 86 (1), 89-91. DOI:10.1653/0015-4040(2003)086[0089:DAPARF]2.0.CO;2

Hoffmann C, 2006. Distribution and sampling methods of soft-scale-insects in vineyards. Bulletin OILB/SROP. 29 (11), 199-205.

Hopkins D L, Purcell A H, 2002. Xylella fastidiosa: cause of Pierce's disease of grapevine and other emergent diseases. Plant Disease. 86 (10), 1056-1066. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.10.1056

Ilie A L, Marinescu M, 2018. New data about the galls from Tinca area (Bihor County, Romania). Current Trends in Natural Sciences. 7 (13), 70-74.

Jo Y, Choi H, Song M K, Park J S, Lee J W, Cho W K, 2018. First report of grapevine geminivirus a in diverse Vitis species in Korea. Plant Disease. 102 (1), 255-256. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-17-0771-PDN

Jo Y, Song M K, Choi H, Park J S, Lee J W, Cho W K, 2017. First report of grapevine fabavirus in diverse Vitis species in Korea. Plant Disease. 101 (10), 1829.

Kök Ș, Kasap İ, Özdemİr I, 2016. Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) species determined in Çanakkale Province with a new record for the aphid fauna of Turkey. Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi. 40 (4), 397-412.

Luque J, Martos S, Aroca A, Raposo R, Garcia-Figueres F, 2009. Symptoms and fungi associated with declining mature grapevine plants in northeast Spain. Journal of Plant Pathology. 91 (2), 381-390.

Lushaj B M, Woodward S, Keča N, Intini M, 2010. Distribution, ecology and host range of Armillaria species in Albania. Forest Pathology. 40 (6), 485-499. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0329.2009.00624.x

Martínez-Sánchez I, Niño-Maldonado S, Lara Villalón M, Romero Nápoles J, Clark S M, 2016. Chrysomelidae associated to timber and non-timber forest resources in Victoria, Tamaulipas. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas. 7 (8), 1945-1957.

Marullo R, 2009. Host-plant ranges and pest potential: habits of some thrips species in areas of southern Italy. Bulletin of Insectology. 62 (2), 253-255.

McBride S, Appel D N, Pontasch F M, Gregg L, Alabi O J, 2017. First report of Tobacco ringspot virus infecting an American hybrid grape cultivar in Texas. Plant Disease. 101 (6), 1062. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-17-0111-PDN

Mikaeili M, Rastgou M, Roumi V, 2015. Determination of the distribution and genetic variation of grapevine virus A and grapevine fanleaf virus in vineyards of East and West Azarbaijan provinces. In: Proceedings, 18th Congress of the International Council for the Study of Virus and Virus-Like Diseases of the Grapevine (ICVG), 7-11 September 2015, Ankara, Turkey [Proceedings, 18th Congress of the International Council for the Study of Virus and Virus-Like Diseases of the Grapevine (ICVG), 7-11 September 2015, Ankara, Turkey.], [ed. by Ertunç F]. Ankara, Turkey: 18th ICVG Organizing Committee. 26-27.

Pan F Y, Huang Y, Lin L, Zhou Y M, Wei R F, Guo W F, Yin L, Lu J, 2016. First report of Colletotrichum capsici causing grape ripe rot in Guangxi, China. Plant Disease. 100 (12), 2531. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-16-0691-PDN

Pourrahim R, Ahoonmanesh A, Farzadfar S, Rakhshandehro F, Golnaraghi A R, 2004. Occurrence of arabis mosaic virus and grapevine leaf roll associated virus-3 on grapevines in Iran. Plant Disease. 88 (4), 424. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2004.88.4.424A

Qi H A, 2007. Natural occurrence of Xylella fastidiosa in a commercial nursery in Maryland. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology. 29 (3), 299-303.

Quader M, Riley I T, Walker G E, 2003. Spatial and temporal distribution patterns of dagger (Xiphinema spp.) and root lesion (Pratylenchus spp.) nematodes in a South Australian vineyard. Australasian Plant Pathology. 32 (1), 81-86. DOI:10.1071/AP02070

Rossi E, Lucchi A, 2015. The Asian planthopper Ricania speculum (Walker) (Homoptera: Ricaniidae) on several crops in Italy: a potential threat to the EPPO region? Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin. 45 (1), 119-122. DOI:10.1111/epp.12175

Salami S A, Ebadi A, Zamani Z, Habibi M K, 2009. Distribution of GFLV in Iranian vineyards and improvements to sanitation protocols for production of virus-free grapevines. Acta Horticulturae. 389-393.

Santos R F dos, Blume E, Muniz M F B, Harakawa R, Garrido L da R, Rego C, 2014a. Characterization of Campylocarpon pseudofasciculare associated with black foot of grapevine in southern Brazil. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 53 (3), 406-415.

Santos R F dos, Blume E, Muniz M F B, Heckler L I, Finger G, Maciel C G, Harakawa R, Garrido L R, 2014. First report of Ilyonectria macrodidyma associated with black foot disease of grapevine in Brazil. Plant Disease. 98 (1), 156. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-04-13-0424-PDN

Schilder A M C, Smokevitch S M, Catal M, Mann W K, 2005. First report of anthracnose caused by Elsinoë ampelina on grapes in Michigan. Plant Disease. 89 (9), 1011. DOI:10.1094/PD-89-1011A

Schoelz J E, Adhab M, Qiu W, Petersen S, Volenberg D, 2019. First report of grapevine red blotch virus in hybrid grapes in Missouri. Plant Disease. 103 (2), 379. DOI:10.1094/pdis-07-18-1202-pdn

Šćiban M, Kosovac A, 2020. New records and updates on alien Auchenorrhyncha species in Serbia. Pesticidi i Fitomedicina. 35 (1), 9-17. DOI:10.2298/PIF2001009S

Selmi I, Pacifico D, Carimi F, Mahfoudhi N, 2017. Prevalence of viruses associated with grapevine rugose wood disease in Tunisia. Tunisian Journal of Plant Protection. 12 (2), 149-158.

Stewart E L, Wenner N G, Hed B E, 2003. First report of Phaeomoniella chlamydospora on Vitis vinifera, Vitis labrusca, and French American hybrids in Pennsylvania and New York. Plant Disease. 87 (6), 750. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.6.750B

Stobbs L W, Greig N, Weaver S, Shipp L, Ferguson G, 2009. The potential role of native weed species and bumble bees (Bombus impatiens) on the epidemiology of Pepino mosaic virus. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology. 31 (2), 254-261.

Troncoso A, Cantos M, Paneque P, Paneque G, Weiland C, Perez-Camacho F, 2004. GFLV-infection and in vitro behaviour of infected plant material of three typical Andalusian grapevine cultivars. Acta Horticulturae. 359-365.

Vergaças P S R, Ferreira A B M, Franco D A de S, Leite L G, Campos W N, Harakava R, Bueno Júnior C, 2018. Survey of Phaeomoniella chlamydospora in vineyard weeds. Summa Phytopathologica. 44 (3), 218-222. DOI:10.1590/0100-5405/180135

Weinert M P, Shivas R G, Pitkethley R N, Daly A M, 2003. First record of grapevine leaf rust in the Northern Territory, Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology. 32 (1), 117-118. DOI:10.1071/AP02060

Zongoma A M, Dangora D B, Rwahnih M A, Bako S P, Alegbejo M D, Alabi O J, 2018. First report of Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 1 infecting grapevines (Vitis spp.) in Nigeria. Plant Disease. 102 (1), 258. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-17-1120-PDN

Zongoma A M, Dangora D B, Rwahnih M A, Bako S P, Alegbejo M D, Alabi O J, 2018a. First report of Grapevine yellow speckle viroid 1, Grapevine yellow speckle viroid 2, and Hop stunt viroid infecting grapevines (Vitis spp.) in Nigeria. Plant Disease. 102 (1), 259. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-17-1133-PDN

Distribution Maps

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