Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Vicia sativa
(common vetch)

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Datasheet

Vicia sativa (common vetch)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Vicia sativa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • common vetch
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Typical habit.
TitleHabit
CaptionTypical habit.
Copyright©Sheldon Navie
Typical habit.
HabitTypical habit.©Sheldon Navie
V. sativa plant.
TitleV. sativa plant
CaptionV. sativa plant.
CopyrightJ.S. Mishra
V. sativa plant.
V. sativa plantV. sativa plant.J.S. Mishra
Leaves with tendrils.
TitleLeaves
CaptionLeaves with tendrils.
Copyright©Sheldon Navie
Leaves with tendrils.
LeavesLeaves with tendrils.©Sheldon Navie
Leaves and flowers; note the many ants, some attending extra-floral nectaries.
TitleLeaves and flowers
CaptionLeaves and flowers; note the many ants, some attending extra-floral nectaries.
Copyright©Sheldon Navie
Leaves and flowers; note the many ants, some attending extra-floral nectaries.
Leaves and flowersLeaves and flowers; note the many ants, some attending extra-floral nectaries.©Sheldon Navie
Close-up of flowers; note the ants, some attending extra-floral nectaries.
TitleFlower
CaptionClose-up of flowers; note the ants, some attending extra-floral nectaries.
Copyright©Sheldon Navie
Close-up of flowers; note the ants, some attending extra-floral nectaries.
FlowerClose-up of flowers; note the ants, some attending extra-floral nectaries.©Sheldon Navie
Immature seed pods.
TitleSeed pods
CaptionImmature seed pods.
Copyright©Sheldon Navie
Immature seed pods.
Seed podsImmature seed pods.©Sheldon Navie

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Vicia sativa L

Preferred Common Name

  • common vetch

Other Scientific Names

  • Vicia sativa subsp. sativa

International Common Names

  • Spanish: veza forrajera
  • French: vesce fourragere
  • Portuguese: avica; ervilhaca-vulgar

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Futter- Wicke; Saat- Wicke; Sommer- Wicke
  • India: akri; chatri-matri
  • Italy: veccia coltivada; veccia comune
  • Japan: ookarasunoendo
  • Netherlands: Voederwikke
  • Pakistan: rawari
  • Sweden: fodervicker

EPPO code

  • VICSA (Vicia sativa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fabales
  •                         Family: Fabaceae
  •                             Subfamily: Papilionoideae
  •                                 Genus: Vicia
  •                                     Species: Vicia sativa

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent, WidespreadFenni (1993)
EgyptPresentGad et al. (1978); Mousa et al. (1992)
LibyaPresentSbeta (1995)
MoroccoPresent, WidespreadFrancis et al. (1994); Tanji (1997)
South AfricaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Huyssteen et al., 1983
TogoPresent, WidespreadMoens et al. (1979); Hassen and Mansouri (1996)

Asia

BangladeshPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Gaffer et al., 1993
ChinaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-AnhuiPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Qiang & Liu, 1996
-Inner MongoliaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Ma et al., 1995
-ShanghaiPresentGuan LiQuin et al. (1997)
IndiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-AssamPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Gogoi & Barua, 1987
-BiharPresent, WidespreadSingh (1986); CABI (Undated)
-DelhiPresent, WidespreadDixit (1990)
-HaryanaPresent, WidespreadMalik et al. (1985); Balyan et al. (1991)
-Himachal PradeshPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)Original citation: Angiras et al., 1996
-Jammu and KashmirPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Navachoo & Buth, 1986
-Madhya PradeshPresent, WidespreadJain et al. (1996); CABI (Undated)
-MeghalayaPresentSingh (1988)
-PunjabPresent, WidespreadSidhu (1991)
-RajasthanPresentShaktawat (1987)
-Uttar PradeshPresent, WidespreadVaishya et al. (1993); CABI (Undated)
-West BengalPresent, LocalizedHore and Tripathi (1985)
IranPresent, WidespreadHassanzadeh (1996); CABI (Undated)
IsraelPresent, WidespreadPlitmann (1973)
JapanPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-ShikokuPresentItoh et al. (1997)
NepalPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Dangol et al.,1988
PakistanPresent, WidespreadMahmood (1987); CABI (Undated)
TurkeyPresent, WidespreadSabanci (1995); CABI (Undated)

Europe

BelgiumPresentBiseau et al. (1997)
BulgariaPresentPaplov et al. (1997)
CyprusPresentHadjichristodoulou (1978)
CzechoslovakiaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Sediv, 1972
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentSaric and Misic (1976)
FrancePresentBertin et al. (1996); Rameau et al. (1996)
GermanyPresentWeiss and Büchs (1997)
HungaryPresentSariçiçek et al. (1996)
IrelandPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: O'-Donovan & Prendeville, 1976
ItalyPresentIannelli et al. (1996)
LithuaniaPresentDovydaitis (1997)
MaltaPresentLamberti and Dandria (1979)
NorwayPresentUlvinen et al. (1973)
PortugalPresent, WidespreadGarrido et al. (1976); Teixeira et al. (1996)
RussiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Russia (Europe)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated);
-SiberiaPresentPotokina (1997)
SpainPresent, WidespreadPescador and Peris (1998); CABI (Undated)
United KingdomPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Kaptur et al. (1996)

North America

MexicoPresentBermúdez E. et al. (1993)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-AlabamaPresentRickerl and Touchton (1986)
-ArkansasPresentRothrock et al. (1995)
-CaliforniaPresentCavero et al. (1998)
-FloridaPresentNorcini et al. (1997)
-IllinoisPresentVoth and Downs (1984)
-MississippiPresentTaylor and Coats (1996)
-VirginiaPresentWilson and Hines (1982)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Bischoff Friedrich, 1978

South America

BrazilPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-ParanaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Santos & Tomm, 1996

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

References

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Balyan RS; Malik RK; Malik RS, 1991. Growth and development of Lathyrus aphaca, Vicia sativa and Cirsium arvense under different sowing dates. Haryana Journal of Agronomy, 7(2):136-139

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Bermudez E-J; Quintana Q-F; Miranda G-J, 1993. Feeding intake, in vivo digestibility and live weight gain in growing lambs feed on oat hay (Avena sativa) alon, mixed with vetch (Vicia sativa). Revista Latinoamericana do Pequenos Rumiantes, 1(1):39-48.

Bertin G; Reimond P; Wallart F, 1996. Importance of metsulfuron-methyl and tribenuron-methyl for set-aside management. Seizie^grave~me confe^acute~rence du COLUMA. Journe^acute~es internationales sur la lutte contre les mauvaises herbes, Reims, France, 6-8 de^acute~cembre 1995. Tome 2., 765-770.

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Bir SS; Kumari S, 1979. Cytological evolution of the leguminous flora of Punjab plains. In: Sidhu MK, 1991, Biology of Punjab Weeds: Distribution and evolutionary status. Mohali, India: Anova Publications, 251-260.

Bischof F, 1978. Common weeds from Iran, Turkey, the near East and North Africa; paintings by Ellen Mostafawy. (Schriftenreihe der GTZ [Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit, Nr. 49]). Common weeds from Iran, Turkey, the near East and North Africa; paintings by Ellen Mostafawy. (Schriftenreihe der GTZ [Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit, Nr. 49]). Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit GmbH. Dag-Hammarskjold-Weg 1, D-6236 Eschborn 1 German Federal Republic, 224 pp.

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Chauhan R; Dahiya B; Khokhar KS, 1991. Weeding Vicia sativa L. to help check pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera Hb damage in chickpea, Cicer arietinum L. ACIAR Food Legume Newsletter, No. 15:3

Ciuberkiene D; Knasys V; Ciuberkis S, 1995. Effect of soil pH and fertilizer [NPK and/or manure] application on crop [fodder beets, barley, Vicia sativa, oats, perennial grasses and wheat] yield and weed infestation on light loamy soil. Lietuvos Zemdirbystes Instituto Mokslo Darbai, Zemdirbyste, No. 50:18-31; 15 ref.

Cresswell EG; Grime JP, 1981. Induction of a light requirement during seed development and its ecological consequences. Nature, 291(5816):583-585

Dangol DR; Pendey MP; Pandey PR, 1988. Ecological studies on weeds of winter vegetables at Rampur, Nepal. Indian Journal of Weed Science, 20(1):40-45

Debelyi GA; Bezhanidze OI; Kalinina LV; Ptashenchuk VN, 1977. Promising mutant varieties of pea and Vicia sativa. Khim-mutagenez-i-sozdanie-sortov-intensiv-tipa. Moscow, USSR: Referativnyi Zhurnal, 54-56.

Dingley JM; Gilmour JW, 1972. Colletotrichum acutatum Simmds. f.sp. pinea associated with "terminal crook" disease of Pinus spp. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science, 2(2):192-201

Dixit A, 1990. Weed Control in Mustard under varying Management Systems. M.Sc.(Ag) Thesis. New Delhi, India: Division of Agronomy, IARI.

Dordevic V; Suput M; Nenadic N, 1974. Study on the production of green stockfeed grown in successions (the green conveyer). Arhiv za Poljoprivredne Nauke, 27(100):3-11.

Dovydaitis V, 1997. Legume and cereal cultivars suitable for growing in mixtures for fodder. Lietuvos Zemdirbystes Instituto Mokslo Darbai, Zemdirbyste, 57:99-107.

Dumont R; Serpeille A, 1981. Weed control trials in peas, field beans, vetch and lupins. Compte Rendu de la 11e Conference du COLUMA., Tome 2:379-389

Eid SA; Zaher NA; Abu-Zeid AA, 1982. Investigations on the possible role of some weeds in the epidemiology of bean yellow mosaic virus. Agricultural Research Review, 62(2):379-385

Ercoli L; Mariotti M; Masoni A, 1997. Light interception in an oat/vetch intercrop. Rivista di Agronomia, 31(3):658-665.

Erskine W; Smartt J; Muehlbauer FJ, 1994. Mimicry of lentil and the domestication of common vetch and grass pea. Economic Botany, 48(3):326-332; 35 ref.

Fazali Subhan-I; Muhammad Khan, 1991. Effects of Dicuran MA-60 on weed control and wheat yield in irrigated farmer's fields of Peshawar valley. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 7(1):69-74

Fenni M, 1993. Survey of the flora of cornfields in the high cereal plains of Setif (North-East Algeria). Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Universiteit Gent, 58(3A):1003-1011.

Francis CM; Bounejmate M; Robertson LD, 1994. Observations on the distribution and ecology of Vicia and Lathyrus species in northern Morocco. Al Awamia, No. 84:17-27

Gad AM; Bedair FA; Abdel Barry AA; Gelelah AA, 1978. Studies on weed seeds of wheat crops. Alexandrian Journal of Agricultural Research, 26(1):109-123

Gaffer MA; Islam MA; Islam MA, 1993. Critical period of weed competition in onion (Allium cepa L.). Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 28(4):68-75

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Garrido J; Pereira V; Gonzalez M; Figueiredo L, 1976. Advantages of linuron for weed control in wheat. II Simposio Nacional de Herbologia, Oeiras, 1976. Vol. I., 155-159

Gil J; Martin LM; Cubero JI, 1982. Resistance to broomrape (Orobanche crenata Forsk.) in Vicia sativa L. Anales del Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrarias, Agricola, No.21:175-181

Gogoi AK; Barua IC, 1983-87. Compilation of weed survey work under All India Coordinated Research Programme on Weed Control. Jorhat, India: Assam Agricultural University.

Gould F, 1991. The evolutionary potential of crop pests. American Scientist, 79(6):496-507

Guan LiQuin; Hou QuanMin; Chen JianSheng; Zhang SongHan; Wang ZhiXiong, 1997. Study on wheat yield loss caused by infestation of Alopecurus japonicus and Vicia sativa. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai, 13(2):81-84; 6 ref.

Hadjichristodoulou A, 1978. Genotype, environment and rainfall effects on common vetch varieties in semi arid regions. Experimental Agriculture, 14(1):81-87.

Hai DQ; Kovacs K; Matkovics I; Matkovics B, 1975. Properties of enzymes. Perodixase and superoxide dismutase contents of plant seeds. Biochemie und Physiologie der Pflanzen, 167(4):357-359.

Harada F; Moriya K; Yabe T, 1972. Observations on the survival and longevity of adult culex and Aedes mosquitoes fed on flowers of some nectar plants (II). Japanese Journal of Sanitary Zoology, 23(2):141-154.

Hassanzadeh N, 1996. The study of a few bacterial diseases in Iran. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology, 63(1/2):14-15, 52-60.

Hassen H; Mansouri M, 1996. Benefits of nitrogen fertilizer application in a mixed vetch-oats crop inthe humid zone of Tunisia. Fourrages, 146:173-180.

Hore DK; Tripathi RS, 1985. Ecological Survey of Weeds. West Bengal, Department of Agricultural Engineering, IIT Kharagpur.

Huyssteen L van; Zyl JL van; Koen AP, 1983. The effect of cover crop management on soil conditions and weed control in a Colombar vineyard in Oudtshoorn. XVIIIe Congres international de la vigne et du vin de l'O.I.V Cape Town, South Africa; O.I.V., 175-199

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Irshad A Navachoo; Buth GM, 1986. Weed flora of Kashmir- Miscelaneous weeds of cultivation. Indian Journal of Weed Science, 18(4):257-258.

Itoh M; Kobayashi S; Manabe K; Takahashi M, 1997. effect of timing of winter weed control on the growth of young peach trees under sod culture. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science, 66(1):1-8.

Jain KK; Paradkar NR; Agrawal KK, 1996. Major weed flora of soybean and wheat fields at Powarkheda (M.P.). World Weeds, 3(3/4):183-186; 5 ref.

Katalan-Gateva Sh; Tsoneva P, 1977. Contribution to the study of the plant nematode fauna in Bulgaria. Godishnik na Sofiiskiya Universitet "Kliment Okhridski", Biologicheski Fakultet, Kniga 1, Zoologiya, 71:49-52

Kobaliya KN; Ostanin AI; Kasitskii Yu I, 1986. Comparative efficacy of annual or periodic applications of double superphosphate on heavy loamy dernopodzolic soil. Agrokhimiya, 2:18-24.

Kolev ID, 1977. Mimetism in plants. Rasteniev'dni-Nauki, 14(2):49-58.

Konstantinova K, 1971. Protein contents of cereals grown in mixtures with legumes. Rasteniev " dni-Nauki, 8(8):137-141.

Koptur S; Smith CL; Lawton JH, 1996. Effects of artificial defoliation on reproductive allocation in the common vetch, Vicia sativa (Fabaceae: Papilionoideae). American Journal of Botany, 83(7):886-889; 41 ref.

Kukresh LV, 1982. Chemical control of weeds in spring vetch. Zashchita Rastenii, No.5:32-33

Kumar S; Singh G, 1997. Efficacy and selectivity of tralkoxydim alone or in combination with isoproturon in wheat. Indian Journal of Agriculture, 41(2):306-309.

Lamberti F; Dandria D, 1979. Plant parasitic nematodes in the Maltese islands and the problems they cause. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 18:71-76.

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Medeiros ARM de; Lucchesi AA, 1993. Allelopathic effects of common vetch (Vicia sativa) on letuce in laboratory tests. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira, 28(1):9-14.

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Navchoo IA; Buth GM, 1986. Weed flora of Kashmir - miscellaneous weeds of cultivation. Indian Journal of Weed Science, 18(4):257-258

Norcini JG; Aldrich JH; Martin FG, 1997. Pre-emergent control of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) and black medic (Medicago lupulina L.). Journal of Environmental Horticulture, 15(3):149-152; 9 ref.

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Red-Kina ZV, 1974. Methods of distinguishing the seeds of flat seed vetch and lentil. Trudy po Prikladnoi Botanike Genetike i Selektsii, 51(2):72-77.

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Risch H, 1972. Effect of root nodules and environmental factors on the development of Vicia villosa and Vicia sativa 3. Observations on the effect of fruiting and soil moisture on the development cycle of Vicia villosa Roth. and Vicia sativa L. Biochemie und Physiologie der Pflanzen, 163(6):545-554.

Roberts HA; Ricketts MA, 1973. Comparative tolerance of some dicotyledons to pronamide and chlorpropham. Pesticide Science, 4(1):83-87

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Sabanci CO, 1995. Characterization study on common vetch populations collected in Turkey. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter, 104:26-28.

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Sedivy J, 1972. The harmfulness of broad bean beetle (Bruchus rufimanus Boh.) in common vetch and broad bean. Ochrana Rostlin, 8(2):101-106.

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Sharma BK; Lavania GS, 1981. Interference between Vicia spp. and Triticum aestivum. Indian Journal of Ecology, 8(1):111-114

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Singh G; Singh D; Singh B, 1981. Weed control studies in sugarbeet. Proceedings of the Eighth Asian-Pacific Weed Science Society Conference. Bangalore, India: Asian Pacific Weed Science Society, 35-38

Singh K, 1988. Evaluation of pre-emergence herbicides for weed management in potato. Indian Journal of Weed Science, 20(1):53-57

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Singh VK; Bajpai RP, 1992. Chemical control of weeds in chickpea. Indian Journal of Pulses Research, 5(1):86-87

Subhas Kumar; Govindra Singh; Kumar S; Singh G, 1997. Efficacy and selective of tralkoxydim alone or in combination with isoproturonin wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal of Agronomy, 42(2):306-309.

Tanaka N, 1977. Studies on the growth of root systems in leguminous crops. Agricultural Bulletin of Saga University, 43:1-82.

Tanji A, 1997. A survey of weeds interfering with mechanical harvesting of small grain cereals in Morocco. Arab Journal of Plant Protection , 15(1):19-23.

Tashkov G, 1971. Effect of green manuring on wheat yield . Rasteniev'dni-Nauki, 8(8):129-136.

Taylor JM; Coats GE, 1996. Comparison of fall versus spring applications of sulfometuron for common bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) release. Weed Technology, 10(4):947-950; 9 ref.

Teixeira ASR; Oliveira OERde; Ribeiro JMCR; Costa Jdos SPda, 1996. Vetch (Vicia sativa) as a national source of protein for feeding pigs. (A ervilha forrageira (Vi´cia sativa) como fonte proteica de origem nacional para alimentação de suinos.) Revista Portuguesa de Ciências Veterinárias, 91(519):116-133.

Tuganaev VV, 1975. History of cultivated plants in areas of the Volga and Kama rivers. Nauchnye Doklady Vysshei Shkoly Biologicheskie Nauki, 5:63-64.

Ulvinen O; Voss A; Baekgaard HC; Terning PE, 1973. Handbook of Seed Testing. Testing for Genuineness of Cultivar. Norway: International Seed Testing Association.

Vaishya RD; Sher Singh; Rajput AL, 1993. Effect of different weeds on the yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum). Indian Journal of Agronomy, 38(1):115-116

Voth RD; Downs JP, 1984. Weed control in dormant turf grass with glyphosate. Proceedings, Southern Weed Science Society, 37th annual meeting Champaign, Illinois, USA, 15-19

Weiss B; Buchs W, 1997. Effect of different rotational fallows on the structure and dynamics of spider communities. Proceedings of the German Society for General and Applied Entomology, Bayreuth, Germany, 18-22 March 1997, 11:147-151.

Wilson HP; Hines TE, 1982. Comparison of the activities of HOE-00661 with paraquat and glyphosate. Proceedings Northeastern Weed Science Society., Volume 36:51

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