Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Vaccinium corymbosum
(blueberry)

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Datasheet

Vaccinium corymbosum (blueberry)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Vaccinium corymbosum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • blueberry
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Early bud break in blueberry. The top  buds are floral, the bottom are vegetative.
TitleEarly bud break
CaptionEarly bud break in blueberry. The top buds are floral, the bottom are vegetative.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
Early bud break in blueberry. The top  buds are floral, the bottom are vegetative.
Early bud breakEarly bud break in blueberry. The top buds are floral, the bottom are vegetative.Jim F. Hancock
Late bud break in blueberry. The individual florets are beginning to separate in the top floral bud, while rosettes of leaves have emerged from the lower vegetative buds
TitleLate bud break
CaptionLate bud break in blueberry. The individual florets are beginning to separate in the top floral bud, while rosettes of leaves have emerged from the lower vegetative buds
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
Late bud break in blueberry. The individual florets are beginning to separate in the top floral bud, while rosettes of leaves have emerged from the lower vegetative buds
Late bud breakLate bud break in blueberry. The individual florets are beginning to separate in the top floral bud, while rosettes of leaves have emerged from the lower vegetative budsJim F. Hancock
Fully open flower buds before the corollas have opened
TitleFlower buds
CaptionFully open flower buds before the corollas have opened
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
Fully open flower buds before the corollas have opened
Flower budsFully open flower buds before the corollas have openedJim F. Hancock
A combination of open and still closed corollas. The open ones are receptive to bee pollination.
TitleOpen and closed corollas
CaptionA combination of open and still closed corollas. The open ones are receptive to bee pollination.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A combination of open and still closed corollas. The open ones are receptive to bee pollination.
Open and closed corollasA combination of open and still closed corollas. The open ones are receptive to bee pollination.Jim F. Hancock
Rapidly expanding green fruit after pollination.
TitleGreen fruit
CaptionRapidly expanding green fruit after pollination.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
Rapidly expanding green fruit after pollination.
Green fruitRapidly expanding green fruit after pollination.Jim F. Hancock
Fruit in various stages of ripening.
TitleRipening fruit
CaptionFruit in various stages of ripening.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
Fruit in various stages of ripening.
Ripening fruitFruit in various stages of ripening.Jim F. Hancock
A handfull of ripe fruit.
TitleRipe fruit
CaptionA handfull of ripe fruit.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A handfull of ripe fruit.
Ripe fruitA handfull of ripe fruit.Jim F. Hancock
A dormant two-year-old, rooted cutting, recently planted in the field with trickle irrigation and some sawdust mulch.
TitleRooted cutting
CaptionA dormant two-year-old, rooted cutting, recently planted in the field with trickle irrigation and some sawdust mulch.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A dormant two-year-old, rooted cutting, recently planted in the field with trickle irrigation and some sawdust mulch.
Rooted cuttingA dormant two-year-old, rooted cutting, recently planted in the field with trickle irrigation and some sawdust mulch.Jim F. Hancock
A field row of recently planted two-year old cuttings.
TitleRecently planted cuttings
CaptionA field row of recently planted two-year old cuttings.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A field row of recently planted two-year old cuttings.
Recently planted cuttingsA field row of recently planted two-year old cuttings.Jim F. Hancock
A vigorous two-year old cutting in the middle of summer.
TitleVigorous two-year old cutting
CaptionA vigorous two-year old cutting in the middle of summer.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A vigorous two-year old cutting in the middle of summer.
Vigorous two-year old cuttingA vigorous two-year old cutting in the middle of summer.Jim F. Hancock
A five-year old field of 'Elliott' at harvest.
TitleFive year-old field
CaptionA five-year old field of 'Elliott' at harvest.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A five-year old field of 'Elliott' at harvest.
Five year-old fieldA five-year old field of 'Elliott' at harvest.Jim F. Hancock
A fifteen-year old field of 'Bluecrop' at harvest.
TitleFifteen year-old field
CaptionA fifteen-year old field of 'Bluecrop' at harvest.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A fifteen-year old field of 'Bluecrop' at harvest.
Fifteen year-old fieldA fifteen-year old field of 'Bluecrop' at harvest.Jim F. Hancock
A forty-year old field of 'Jersey' at harvest.
TitleForty year-old field
CaptionA forty-year old field of 'Jersey' at harvest.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A forty-year old field of 'Jersey' at harvest.
Forty year-old fieldA forty-year old field of 'Jersey' at harvest.Jim F. Hancock
A vigorous bush of 'Bluecrop' in late winter after pruning.
TitleBush post pruning
CaptionA vigorous bush of 'Bluecrop' in late winter after pruning.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A vigorous bush of 'Bluecrop' in late winter after pruning.
Bush post pruningA vigorous bush of 'Bluecrop' in late winter after pruning.Jim F. Hancock

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Vaccinium corymbosum L.

Preferred Common Name

  • blueberry

Other Scientific Names

  • Cyanococcus corymbosus Rydb.
  • Vaccinium albiflorum Hook
  • Vaccinium constablaei A. Gray
  • Vaccinium formosum Andrews

International Common Names

  • English: highbush blueberry; huckleberry; swamp blueberry
  • Spanish: arandano
  • French: airelle à corymbes

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: storfrugtet blåbaer
  • Germany: Kulturheidelbeere
  • Italy: mirtillo gagante americano
  • Netherlands: veenbes, tros-
  • Poland: borówka wysoka

EPPO code

  • VACCO (Vaccinium corymbosum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Ericales
  •                         Family: Ericaceae
  •                             Genus: Vaccinium
  •                                 Species: Vaccinium corymbosum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

MoroccoPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 62 MT (Im)

Asia

UzbekistanPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 900 MT (*)

Europe

BulgariaPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 96 MT (Im)
DenmarkPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 54 MT
FrancePresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 2,108 MT
GermanyPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 6,608 MT
ItalyPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 1,441 MT (Im)
LatviaPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 8 MT
LithuaniaPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 2,513 MT (Im)
NetherlandsPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 5,722 MT (Im)
NorwayPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 38 MT (Im)
PolandPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 8,595 MT
PortugalPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 251 MT (Im)
RomaniaPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 2,402 MT (Im)
RussiaPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 2,500 MT (*)
SpainPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 995 MT (Im)
SwedenPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 2,600 MT (F)
SwitzerlandPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 342 MT
UkrainePresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 800 MT (*)

North America

CanadaPresentFAO (2013); CABI (Undated)Blueberries production (2011) 112,363 MT
MexicoPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 6,704 MT
United StatesPresentFAO (2013); CABI (Undated)Blueberries production (2011) 196,905 MT

Oceania

New ZealandPresentFAO (2013)Blueberries production (2011) 2,526 MT (Im)

References

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Brazelton, C., 2009. World Blueberry Acreage and Production Report

EPPO, 2016. EPPO-PQR, Plant Quarantine Data Retrieval System, European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (requires download) https://www.eppo.int./DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

FAO, 2013. FAOSTAT database. Rome, Italy: FAO. http://faostat3.fao.org/home/index.html [2011 data taken in 2013.]

Fuqua, B., Byers, P., Daps, M., Kovacs, L., Waldstein, D., 2015. Growing Blueberries in Missouri, Bulletin No. 44

Gomez-Rodas, A., Bourquin, L., Garcia-Salazar, C., Varela-Gomez, A., Wise, J. C., 2012. Good agricultural practices for food safety in blueberry production: basic principles http://caff.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/MI-Blueberry-GAPs-manual.pdf

Greco, M., Patriarca, A., Terminiello, L., Pinto, F., Pose, G., 2012. Toxinogenic Alternaria species from Argentinean blueberries, International Journal of Food Microbiology, 154(3):187-191

Hanson, E. J., 2001. Phosphorus management in Michigan fruit crops, Massachusetts Berry Notes, 13:12

Hanson, E. J., Hancock, J. F., 1996. Managing the Nutrition of Highbush Blueberries

Hart, J., Strik, B., White, L., Yang, W., 2006. Nutrient Management for Blueberries in Oregon, Publication No. EM 8918

Hart, JM, Strik B, White L, Yang W, 2006. Nutrient management for blueberries in Oregon., USA: Oregon State University, 16 pp. https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/sites/catalog/files/project/pdf/em8918.pdf

Janick, J., Paull, R. E., 2008. The encyclopedia of fruit & nuts., In: The encyclopedia of fruit & nuts. CABI. xviii + 954 pp..

Krewer, G., NeSmith, D. S., 1999. Blueberry Fertilization in Soil, Fruit Publication No. 01-1

Plank, C. Owen , Kissel, D. E., 2010. Plant Analysis Handbook for Georgia. http://aesl.ces.uga.edu/publications/plant/Intro.htm

Pritts, M., 1992. Blueberry nutrition on upland soils., Pennsylvania Fruit News, 72(4):72-76

Retamales, J. B., Hanson, E. J., 1989. Fate of 15N-labeled urea applied to mature highbush blueberries., Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 114(6):920-923

Retamales, J., Hancock, J., 2012. Blueberries., In: Blueberries. CAB International. ix + 323 pp.. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20123043483

Shaw, M., 2008. Soil pH is more important than fertilizer for blueberries, New York Fruit Quarterly, 16:25-28

Stiles, W. C., Reid, W. S., 1991. Orchard Nutrition Management, Information Bulletin No. 219

USDA-NASS, 2016. Noncitrus Fruits and Nuts 2015 Summary., USA: United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service, 107 pp.

Zhang, L., Yan, Z. N., Hanson, E. J., Ryser, E. T., 2015. Efficacy of chlorine dioxide gas and freezing rate on the microbiological quality of frozen blueberries., Food Control, 47:114-119 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09567135

Distribution References

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

FAO, 2013. FAOSTAT database., Rome, Italy: FAO. http://faostat3.fao.org/home/index.html

Distribution Maps

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