Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Vaccinium corymbosum
(blueberry)

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Datasheet

Vaccinium corymbosum (blueberry)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Vaccinium corymbosum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • blueberry
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Early bud break in blueberry. The top  buds are floral, the bottom are vegetative.
TitleEarly bud break
CaptionEarly bud break in blueberry. The top buds are floral, the bottom are vegetative.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
Early bud break in blueberry. The top  buds are floral, the bottom are vegetative.
Early bud breakEarly bud break in blueberry. The top buds are floral, the bottom are vegetative.Jim F. Hancock
Late bud break in blueberry. The individual florets are beginning to separate in the top floral bud, while rosettes of leaves have emerged from the lower vegetative buds
TitleLate bud break
CaptionLate bud break in blueberry. The individual florets are beginning to separate in the top floral bud, while rosettes of leaves have emerged from the lower vegetative buds
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
Late bud break in blueberry. The individual florets are beginning to separate in the top floral bud, while rosettes of leaves have emerged from the lower vegetative buds
Late bud breakLate bud break in blueberry. The individual florets are beginning to separate in the top floral bud, while rosettes of leaves have emerged from the lower vegetative budsJim F. Hancock
Fully open flower buds before the corollas have opened
TitleFlower buds
CaptionFully open flower buds before the corollas have opened
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
Fully open flower buds before the corollas have opened
Flower budsFully open flower buds before the corollas have openedJim F. Hancock
A combination of open and still closed corollas. The open ones are receptive to bee pollination.
TitleOpen and closed corollas
CaptionA combination of open and still closed corollas. The open ones are receptive to bee pollination.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A combination of open and still closed corollas. The open ones are receptive to bee pollination.
Open and closed corollasA combination of open and still closed corollas. The open ones are receptive to bee pollination.Jim F. Hancock
Rapidly expanding green fruit after pollination.
TitleGreen fruit
CaptionRapidly expanding green fruit after pollination.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
Rapidly expanding green fruit after pollination.
Green fruitRapidly expanding green fruit after pollination.Jim F. Hancock
Fruit in various stages of ripening.
TitleRipening fruit
CaptionFruit in various stages of ripening.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
Fruit in various stages of ripening.
Ripening fruitFruit in various stages of ripening.Jim F. Hancock
A handfull of ripe fruit.
TitleRipe fruit
CaptionA handfull of ripe fruit.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A handfull of ripe fruit.
Ripe fruitA handfull of ripe fruit.Jim F. Hancock
A dormant two-year-old, rooted cutting, recently planted in the field with trickle irrigation and some sawdust mulch.
TitleRooted cutting
CaptionA dormant two-year-old, rooted cutting, recently planted in the field with trickle irrigation and some sawdust mulch.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A dormant two-year-old, rooted cutting, recently planted in the field with trickle irrigation and some sawdust mulch.
Rooted cuttingA dormant two-year-old, rooted cutting, recently planted in the field with trickle irrigation and some sawdust mulch.Jim F. Hancock
A field row of recently planted two-year old cuttings.
TitleRecently planted cuttings
CaptionA field row of recently planted two-year old cuttings.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A field row of recently planted two-year old cuttings.
Recently planted cuttingsA field row of recently planted two-year old cuttings.Jim F. Hancock
A vigorous two-year old cutting in the middle of summer.
TitleVigorous two-year old cutting
CaptionA vigorous two-year old cutting in the middle of summer.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A vigorous two-year old cutting in the middle of summer.
Vigorous two-year old cuttingA vigorous two-year old cutting in the middle of summer.Jim F. Hancock
A five-year old field of 'Elliott' at harvest.
TitleFive year-old field
CaptionA five-year old field of 'Elliott' at harvest.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A five-year old field of 'Elliott' at harvest.
Five year-old fieldA five-year old field of 'Elliott' at harvest.Jim F. Hancock
A fifteen-year old field of 'Bluecrop' at harvest.
TitleFifteen year-old field
CaptionA fifteen-year old field of 'Bluecrop' at harvest.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A fifteen-year old field of 'Bluecrop' at harvest.
Fifteen year-old fieldA fifteen-year old field of 'Bluecrop' at harvest.Jim F. Hancock
A forty-year old field of 'Jersey' at harvest.
TitleForty year-old field
CaptionA forty-year old field of 'Jersey' at harvest.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A forty-year old field of 'Jersey' at harvest.
Forty year-old fieldA forty-year old field of 'Jersey' at harvest.Jim F. Hancock
A vigorous bush of 'Bluecrop' in late winter after pruning.
TitleBush post pruning
CaptionA vigorous bush of 'Bluecrop' in late winter after pruning.
CopyrightJim F. Hancock
A vigorous bush of 'Bluecrop' in late winter after pruning.
Bush post pruningA vigorous bush of 'Bluecrop' in late winter after pruning.Jim F. Hancock

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Vaccinium corymbosum L.

Preferred Common Name

  • blueberry

Other Scientific Names

  • Cyanococcus corymbosus Rydb.
  • Vaccinium albiflorum Hook
  • Vaccinium constablaei A. Gray
  • Vaccinium formosum Andrews

International Common Names

  • English: highbush blueberry; huckleberry; swamp blueberry
  • Spanish: arandano
  • French: airelle à corymbes

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: storfrugtet blåbaer
  • Germany: Kulturheidelbeere
  • Italy: mirtillo gagante americano
  • Netherlands: veenbes, tros-
  • Poland: borówka wysoka

EPPO code

  • VACCO (Vaccinium corymbosum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Ericales
  •                         Family: Ericaceae
  •                             Genus: Vaccinium
  •                                 Species: Vaccinium corymbosum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 26 May 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

MoroccoPresentBlueberries production (2011) 62 MT (Im)
South AfricaPresent

Asia

ChinaPresent
-AnhuiPresent
-FujianPresent
-ShandongPresent
-SichuanPresent
-YunnanPresent
-ZhejiangPresent
TurkeyPresent
UzbekistanPresentBlueberries production (2011) 900 MT (*)

Europe

BulgariaPresentBlueberries production (2011) 96 MT (Im)
CroatiaPresent
CzechiaPresent
DenmarkPresentBlueberries production (2011) 54 MT
FrancePresentBlueberries production (2011) 2,108 MT
GermanyPresentBlueberries production (2011) 6,608 MT
ItalyPresentBlueberries production (2011) 1,441 MT (Im)
LatviaPresentBlueberries production (2011) 8 MT
LithuaniaPresentBlueberries production (2011) 2,513 MT (Im)
NetherlandsPresentBlueberries production (2011) 5,722 MT (Im)
NorwayPresentBlueberries production (2011) 38 MT (Im)
PolandPresentBlueberries production (2011) 8,595 MT
PortugalPresentBlueberries production (2011) 251 MT (Im)
RomaniaPresentBlueberries production (2011) 2,402 MT (Im)
RussiaPresentBlueberries production (2011) 2,500 MT (*)
SerbiaPresent
SpainPresentBlueberries production (2011) 995 MT (Im)
SwedenPresentBlueberries production (2011) 2,600 MT (F)
SwitzerlandPresentBlueberries production (2011) 342 MT
UkrainePresentBlueberries production (2011) 800 MT (*)

North America

CanadaPresentBlueberries production (2011) 112,363 MT
MexicoPresentBlueberries production (2011) 6,704 MT
United StatesPresentBlueberries production (2011) 196,905 MT
-CaliforniaPresent
-FloridaPresent
-New YorkPresent
-OregonPresent
-WashingtonPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
New ZealandPresentBlueberries production (2011) 2,526 MT (Im)

South America

ArgentinaPresent

References

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Brazelton, C., 2009. World Blueberry Acreage and Production Report

EPPO, 2016. EPPO-PQR, Plant Quarantine Data Retrieval System, European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (requires download) https://www.eppo.int./DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

FAO, 2013. FAOSTAT database. Rome, Italy: FAO. http://faostat3.fao.org/home/index.html [2011 data taken in 2013.]

Fuqua, B., Byers, P., Daps, M., Kovacs, L., Waldstein, D., 2015. Growing Blueberries in Missouri, Bulletin No. 44

Gomez-Rodas, A., Bourquin, L., Garcia-Salazar, C., Varela-Gomez, A., Wise, J. C., 2012. Good agricultural practices for food safety in blueberry production: basic principles http://caff.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/MI-Blueberry-GAPs-manual.pdf

Greco, M., Patriarca, A., Terminiello, L., Pinto, F., Pose, G., 2012. Toxinogenic Alternaria species from Argentinean blueberries, International Journal of Food Microbiology, 154(3):187-191

Hanson, E. J., 2001. Phosphorus management in Michigan fruit crops, Massachusetts Berry Notes, 13:12

Hanson, E. J., Hancock, J. F., 1996. Managing the Nutrition of Highbush Blueberries

Hart, J., Strik, B., White, L., Yang, W., 2006. Nutrient Management for Blueberries in Oregon, Publication No. EM 8918

Hart, JM, Strik B, White L, Yang W, 2006. Nutrient management for blueberries in Oregon., USA: Oregon State University, 16 pp. https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/sites/catalog/files/project/pdf/em8918.pdf

Janick, J., Paull, R. E., 2008. The encyclopedia of fruit & nuts., In: The encyclopedia of fruit & nuts. CABI. xviii + 954 pp..

Krewer, G., NeSmith, D. S., 1999. Blueberry Fertilization in Soil, Fruit Publication No. 01-1

Plank, C. Owen , Kissel, D. E., 2010. Plant Analysis Handbook for Georgia. http://aesl.ces.uga.edu/publications/plant/Intro.htm

Pritts, M., 1992. Blueberry nutrition on upland soils., Pennsylvania Fruit News, 72(4):72-76

Retamales, J. B., Hanson, E. J., 1989. Fate of 15N-labeled urea applied to mature highbush blueberries., Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 114(6):920-923

Retamales, J., Hancock, J., 2012. Blueberries., In: Blueberries. CAB International. ix + 323 pp.. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20123043483

Shaw, M., 2008. Soil pH is more important than fertilizer for blueberries, New York Fruit Quarterly, 16:25-28

Stiles, W. C., Reid, W. S., 1991. Orchard Nutrition Management, Information Bulletin No. 219

USDA-NASS, 2016. Noncitrus Fruits and Nuts 2015 Summary., USA: United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service, 107 pp.

Zhang, L., Yan, Z. N., Hanson, E. J., Ryser, E. T., 2015. Efficacy of chlorine dioxide gas and freezing rate on the microbiological quality of frozen blueberries., Food Control, 47:114-119 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09567135

Distribution References

Alippi A M, Lopez A C, Balatti P A, 2010. First report of Agrobacterium rubi and A. rhizogenes causing crown and root gall and hairy root on blueberry in Argentina. Plant Disease. 94 (8), 1064-1065. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-94-8-1064C

Boyzo-Marin J, Rebollar-Alviter A, Silva-Rojas H V, Ramirez-Maldonaldo G, 2016. First report of Neofusicoccum parvum causing stem blight and dieback of blueberry in Mexico. Plant Disease. 100 (12), 2524. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-16-0381-PDN

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chen Y, Zhang A F, Yang X, Gu C Y, Kyaw E P, Yi X K, Xu Y L, 2016. First report of Pestalotiopsis clavispora causing twig blight on highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) in Anhui Province of China. Plant Disease. 100 (4), 859-860. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-04-15-0455-PDN

Craemer C, 2018. First record, current status, symptoms, infested cultivars and potential impact of the blueberry bud mite, Acalitus vaccinii (Keifer) (Prostigmata: Eriophyidae) in South Africa. Acarologia. 58 (3), 735-745. http://www1.montpellier.inra.fr/CBGP/acarologia/article.php?id=4267

Dİl T, Karakaya A, Oğuz A Ç, 2013. Blueberry fungal diseases in Rize, Turkey. In: Proceedings of the 24th International Scientific-Expert-Conference of Agriculture and Food Industry, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 25-28 September 2013 [Proceedings of the 24th International Scientific-Expert-Conference of Agriculture and Food Industry, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 25-28 September 2013.], [ed. by Blesic M]. Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina: Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, University of Sarajevo. 409-413.

Dzięcioł R, Mirzwa-Mróz E, Zielińska E, Wińska-Krysiak M, Wakuliński W, 2014. Valdensinia heterodoxa Peyronel as a new pathogen of blueberry in Poland. Plant Disease. 98 (5), 688. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-13-0644-PDN

FAO, 2013. FAOSTAT database., Rome, Italy: FAO. http://faostat3.fao.org/home/index.html

Fuchs M, Abawi G S, Marsella-Herrick P, Cox R, Cox K D, Carroll J E, Martin R R, 2010. Occurrence of Tomato ringspot virus and Tobacco ringspot virus in highbush blueberry in New York State. Journal of Plant Pathology. 92 (2), 451-459. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/

Harmon P F, Hopkins D L, 2009. First report of bacterial leaf scorch caused by Xylella fastidiosa on southern highbush blueberry in Florida. Plant Disease. 93 (11), 1220. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-11-1220A

Jevremović D, Leposavić A, Paunović S, 2015. First report of blueberry mosaic-associated virus in highbush blueberry in Serbia. Journal of Plant Pathology. 97 (3), 541. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/

Koike S T, Rooney-Latham S, Wright A F, 2014. First report of stem blight of blueberry in California caused by Neufusicoccum parvum. Plant Disease. 98 (9), 1280. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-14-0325-PDN

Lan C Z, Ruan H C, Yao J A, 2016. First report of Phytophthora cinnamomi causing root and stem rot of blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) in China. Plant Disease. 100 (12), 2537. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-16-0345-PDN

Liu Y H, Lin T, Ye C S, Zhang C Q, 2014. First report of Fusarium wilt in blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) caused by Fusarium oxysporum in China. Plant Disease. 98 (8), 1158. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-14-0167-PDN

Lopez M P B, Spadaro D, Gullino M L, 2015. First report of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum causing postharvest Sclerotinia rot on highbush blueberry in Europe. Plant Disease. 99 (11), 1648. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-15-0026-PDN

Merlet L, Wiseman M S, Serdani M, Putnam M L, 2018. First report of silver leaf caused by Chondrostereum purpureum on Vaccinium corymbosum in Oregon. Plant Disease. 102 (10), 2041. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-18-0312-PDN

Norman D J, Bocsanczy A M, Harmon P, Harmon C L, Khan A, 2018. First report of bacterial wilt disease caused by Ralstonia solanacearum on blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum) in Florida. Plant Disease. 102 (2), 438. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-17-0889-PDN

Onofre R B, Mertely J C, Aguiar F M, Timilsina S, Harmon P, Vallad G E, Peres N A, 2016. First report of target spot caused by Corynespora cassiicola on blueberry in North America. Plant Disease. 100 (2), 528-529. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-15-0316-PDN

Paduch-Cichal E, Kalinowska E, Chodorska M, Sala-Rejczak K, Nowak B, 2011. Detection and identification of viruses of highbush blueberry and cranberry using serological elisa test and PCR technique. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Hortorum Cultus. 10 (4), 201-215. http://www.aqua.ar.wroc.pl/acta/pl/full/7/2011/000070201100010000040020100215.pdf

Perez B A, Farinon O M, Berretta M F, 2011. First report of sclerotinia rot on blueberry caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in Argentina. Plant Disease. 95 (6), 774. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-11-0074

Perez B A, Wright E R, Berretta M F, 2012. Glomerella leaf spot caused by a nonhomothallic strain of Glomerella cingulata on highbush blueberry nursery plants in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Plant Disease. 96 (5), 764. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-12-0071-PDN

Pszczółkowska A, Okorski A, Paukszto Ł, Jastrzębski J, 2016. First report of anthracnose disease caused by Colletotrichum fioriniae on blueberry in western Poland. Plant Disease. 100 (11), 2167. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Serdani M, Wiseman M S, Inderbitzin P, Putnam M L, 2018. First report of Verticillium dahliae causing dieback of highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) in Oregon and Washington. Plant Disease. 102 (2), 439. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-17-0229-PDN

Shands A C, Yamagata J S, Wright A F, Miles T D, 2016. First report of Phytophthora cinnamomi causing root rot of southern highbush blueberry in California. Plant Disease. 100 (2), 537-538. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-15-0738-PDN

Šimala M, Milek T M, Korić B, 2009. Whitefly species (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) recorded on imported ornamental plants in Croatia from 2005-2008. In: Zbornik predavanj in referatov 9. Slovenskega Posvetovanja o Varstvu Rastlin, Nova Gorica, Slovenije, 4-5 marec 2009 [Zbornik predavanj in referatov 9. Slovenskega Posvetovanja o Varstvu Rastlin, Nova Gorica, Slovenije, 4-5 marec 2009.], [ed. by Maček J]. Ljubljana, Slovenia: Društvo za Varstvo Rastlin Slovenije. 389-396.

Spak J, Pribylova J, Kubelkova D, Petrzik K, Spakova V, 2012. Detection of viruses and phytoplasma in Vaccinium sp. in the Czech Republic. Acta Horticulturae. 631-635. http://www.actahort.org/books/926/926_91.htm

Starović M, Kojic S, Kuzmanovic S T, Stojanovic S D, Pavlovic S, Josic D, 2013. First report of blueberry reddening disease in Serbia associated with 16SrXII-A (Stolbur) phytoplasma. Plant Disease. 97 (12), 1653. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-13-0521-PDN

Tamietti G, 2003. First report of Phytophthora cinnamomi on high-bush blueberry in Italy. Plant Disease. 87 (4), 451. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.4.451C

Wiseman M S, Serdani M, Putnam M L, 2017. A new cane dieback disease of northern highbush blueberry in the United States caused by Lasiodiplodia mediterranea. Plant Disease. 101 (7), 1317. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-17-0028-PDN

Wright E R, Mandolesi A, Rivera M C, Pérez B A, 2012. Neofusicoccum parvum, blueberry pathogen in Argentina. Acta Horticulturae. 619-623. http://www.actahort.org/books/926/926_89.htm

Wright E R, Rivera M C, Campanella E R, Farinon O M, Berretta M F, Pérez B A, 2014. Fusarium branch blight on highbush blueberry in Argentina. African Journal of Biotechnology. 13 (51), 4628-4634. http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1418293975_Wright%20et%20al.pdf

Xue D S, Lian S, Li B H, Wang C X, 2018. First report of Pestalotiopsis clavispora causing root rot on blueberry in China. Plant Disease. 102 (8), 1655. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-18-0138-PDN

You M P, Lanoiselet V, Wang C P, Barbetti M J, 2014. First report of alternaria leaf spot caused by Alternaria tenuissima on blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) in Western Australia. Plant Disease. 98 (3), 423. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-13-0737-PDN

Yu L, Impaprasert R, Zhao J R, Xu S G, Wu X, 2013. Stem die-back of highbush blueberries caused by Neofusicoccum parvum in China. New Disease Reports. 3. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2013.027.003

Zheng X, Qi X, Xu J, Cui Y, Yu X, Chang X, Zhou Y, Gong G, 2015. First report of corynespora leaf spot of blueberry caused by Corynespora cassiicola in Sichuan, China. Plant Disease. 99 (11), 1651-1652. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Zheng X, Tang G, Tian Y, Huang X, Chang X, Chen H, Yang H, Zhang S, Gong G, 2017. First report of leaf rust of blueberry caused by Thekopsora minima in China. Plant Disease. 101 (5), 835. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-16-1379-PDN

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