Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Uromyces transversalis
(gladiolus rust)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Uromyces transversalis (gladiolus rust)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Uromyces transversalis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • gladiolus rust
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Basidiomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pucciniomycotina
  •         Class: Pucciniomycetes
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Uromyces transversalis (Thüm.) G. Winter (1884)

Preferred Common Name

  • gladiolus rust

Other Scientific Names

  • Uredo transversalis Thüm. (1876)
  • Uromyces freesiae
  • Uromyces watsoniae

International Common Names

  • English: rust of gladiolus; rust: Gladiolus spp.
  • French: rouille du Gladiolus; rouille du glaïeul

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Orangefarbener Rost: Gladiole

EPPO code

  • UROMTV (Uromyces transversalis)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Basidiomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pucciniomycotina
  •                 Class: Pucciniomycetes
  •                     Order: Pucciniales
  •                         Family: Pucciniaceae
  •                             Genus: Uromyces
  •                                 Species: Uromyces transversalis

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

KenyaPresent
MalawiPresent
MauritiusPresent
MoroccoAbsent, Eradicated
South AfricaPresent, Localized1876
TanzaniaPresent
UgandaPresent
ZambiaPresent
ZimbabwePresent, Few occurrences

Europe

FrancePresent, Localized
ItalyPresent, Localized1966
LuxembourgAbsent, Formerly present
MaltaPresent, Localized1969
NetherlandsAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyBased on long-term annual surveys.
PortugalAbsent, Formerly present
SpainPresent, Localized
United KingdomAbsent, Intercepted only

North America

Costa RicaPresent, Few occurrences
CubaPresent, Localized
MartiniquePresent, Few occurrences
MexicoPresent
United StatesPresent, Localized
-CaliforniaPresent, Localized
-FloridaPresent, Localized
-HawaiiAbsent, Intercepted only

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, Few occurrences
-QueenslandPresent
-South AustraliaPresent
-VictoriaPresent
New ZealandPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BrazilPresent, Localized
-Minas GeraisPresent
-PernambucoPresent
-Rio de JaneiroPresent
-Sao PauloPresent
VenezuelaPresent

Growth Stages

Top of page
Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / fungal growth

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes fungi/spores Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx fungi/spores Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Leaves fungi/hyphae; fungi/spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches fungi/hyphae; fungi/spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

Top of page

Aloj B, Albano V, Garibaldi A, 1981. Research on some epidemiological aspects of the gladiolus rust Uromyces transversalis (Thum) Winter. Annali della Facolta di Scienze Agrarie della Universita degli Studi di Napoli Portici, IV, 15(2):81-85

Aloj B, Garibaldi A, 1980. Varietal resistance trials against gladiolus rust caused by Uromyces transversalis (Thum) Wint. Annali della Facolta di Scienze Agrarie della Universita degli Studi di Napoli Portici, IV, 14(2):75-78

Aloy B, Garibaldi A, 1977. Serious epiphytotics of Uromyces transversalis on gladiolus in Campania and attempts at control. Manifestazioni Floricole in Versilia, Atti-Viareggio 16-18 Novembre, 1977. Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura. Lucca, Italy, 188-193.

Blomquist CL, Thomas SL, McKemy JM, Nolan PA, Luque-Williams M, 2007. First report of Uromyces transversalis, causal agent of gladiolus rust, in San Diego County, California. Plant Disease, 91(9):1202. HTTP://www.apsnet.org

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp.

CABI/EPPO, 2013. Uromyces transversalis. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No.April. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 722 (Edition 2).

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Ferreira JF, Nevill WG, 1989. Evaluation of bitertanol and triadimefon for the control of gladiolus rust caused by Uromyces transversalis. Plant Disease, 73(12):987-990

Ferreira JF, Rijkenberg FHJ, 1991. Ultrastructural morphology of Uromyces transversalis infection of resistant and susceptible gladiolus hosts and a nonhost, Zea mays. Phytopathology, 81(6):596-602

Ferreira JF, Verryn S, Rijkenberg FHJ, 1990. The phenotypical responses of gladiolus germplasm with different degrees of resistance to Uromyces transversalis. Euphytica, 49(3):215-221

Garibaldi A, Aloj B, 1980. Observations on biology and control of Uromyces transversalis (Thum) Winter on gladiolus in Southern Italy. International Society for Horticultural Science:Third international Symposium on flower bulbs. Acta Horticulturae, 1980 409-413.

Hennen, J. F., Figueiredo, M. B., Carvalho, A. A., Jr., Hennen, P. G., 2005. Catalogue of the species of plant rust fungi (Uredinales) of Brazil. In: Catalogue of the species of plant rust fungi (Uredinales) of Brazil . 490 pp. http://www.jbrj.gov.br/publica/uredinales/Brazil_Catalogue1drevisado.pdf

IMI Herbarium, undated. Herbarium specimen. International Mycological Institute (now CABI Bioscience) Herbarium. Egham, UK: CABI Bioscience.

Martínez-de la Parte E, Pérez-Vicente L, Cantillo-Pérez T, Guerrero-Barriel D, Ramos A, 2011. First report of gladiolus rust caused by Uromyces transversalis in Cuba. New Disease Reports, 23:Article 20. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=023020

McKenzie EHC, 2000. Uromyces transversalis, rust fungus found infecting Iridaceae in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 28(4):289-292.

Mohali, S. R., Aime, M. C., 2018. First report of gladiolus rust caused by Uromyces transversalis in Merida, Venezuela. Plant Disease, 102(2), 444-445. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-07-17-0993-PDN

NAPPO, 2007. USDA confirms Gladiolus Rust, Uromyces transversalis, in Florida. https://www.pestalerts.org/official-pest-report/usda-confirms-gladiolus-rust-uromyces-transversalis-florida

NAPPO, 2008. Phytosanitary Alert System: Gladiolus Rust [Uromyces transversalis (Thum.)] detected again in Florida - United States. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=311

NAPPO, 2010. Phytosanitary Alert System: Detection of gladiolus rust, Uromyces transversalis (Thum.), in Manatee County, Florida - United States. NAPPO. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=428

NAPPO, 2012. Phytosanitary Alert System: Detection of gladiolus rust (Uromyces transversalis) in Manatee County, Florida. Phytosanitary Alert System: Detection of gladiolus rust (Uromyces transversalis) in Manatee County, Florida. NAPPO. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=520

Pandolfo FM, Garibaldi A, 1986. Chemical control trials against Gladiolus rust (Uromyces transversalis) in Tuscany. Atti Giornate Fitopatologiche, 2:371-378

Pereira da Costa MER de A, 1975. Uromyces transversalis (Thum.) Winter. A new gladiolus disease in Portugal. Agros, 58(1):83-84

Pisi A, Bellardi MG, 1994. Rusts of ornamental plants and flowers. Colture Protette, 23(4):55-60

Pitta GPB, Figueiredo MB, Cardoso RMG, Hennen JF, 1981. Rust (Uromyces transversalis (Thuemen) Winter), a new disease of gladiolus (Gladiolus spp.) in Brazil. Biologico, 47(12):323-328

Rodríguez-Alvarado G, Fernández-Pavía SP, Valenzuela-Vázquez M, Loya-Ramírez JG, 2006. First report of gladiolus rust caused by Uromyces transversalis in Michoacán, México. Plant Disease, 90(5):687.

Rolim PRR, Rubbo MS, Oliveira DA, Sartori JO, 1985. Chemical control of rust (Uromyces transversalis (Thuemen) Winter) of Gladiolus spp. Biologico, 51(2):29-33

Salazar Yepes, M., Carvalho Júnior, A. A. de, 2013. Uredinales (rust fungi) biota of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Brazil: an analysis of composition, species diversity and altitudinal distribution. Caldasia, 35(1), 165-176. http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0366-52322013000100012&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Sydow P, Sydow H, 1910. Monographia Uredinearum seu specierum omnium ad hunc usque diem caognitarum descriptio et adumbratio systematica. Vol II (Lipsia:Borntraeger), p. 257.

UK CAB International, 1996. Uromyces transversalis. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, December (Edition 1). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 722.

Viennot-Bourgin MG, 1978. Uromyces transversalis, a dangerous disease of gladiolus crops. Comptes Rendus des Seances de l'Academie d'Agriculture de France, 64(11):880-885

Distribution References

Beilharz V, Parbery D G, Pascoe I G, 2001. Gladiolus rust (caused by Uromyces transversalis) in eastern Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology. 30 (3), 267-270. DOI:10.1071/AP01031

Blomquist C L, Thomas S L, McKemy J M, Nolan P A, Luque-Williams M, 2007. First report of Uromyces transversalis, causal agent of gladiolus rust, in San Diego County, California. Plant Disease. 91 (9), 1202. HTTP://www.apsnet.org DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-9-1202C

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI/EPPO, 2013. Uromyces transversalis. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CABI. Map 722 (Edition 2). DOI:10.1079/DMPD/20133161830

EPPO, 2021. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Ferreira J F, Verryn S, Rijkenberg F H J, 1990. The phenotypical responses of gladiolus germplasm with different degrees of resistance to Uromyces transversalis. Euphytica. 49 (3), 215-221.

Hennen J F, Figueiredo M B, Carvalho A A Jr, Hennen P G, 2005. Catalogue of the species of plant rust fungi (Uredinales) of Brazil. In: Catalogue of the species of plant rust fungi (Uredinales) of Brazil, 490 pp. http://www.jbrj.gov.br/publica/uredinales/Brazil_Catalogue1drevisado.pdf

Herb IMI, Undated. Specimen record from the collection in the Herb IMI Database., Kew, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. http://www.herbimi.info/herbimi/home.htm

Hernandez J R, Hennen J F, 2002. Rust fungi (Uredinales) of Northwest Argentina. Sida. 313-338.

Martínez-de la Parte E, Pérez-Vicente L, Cantillo-Pérez T, Guerrero-Barriel D, Ramos A, 2011. First report of gladiolus rust caused by Uromyces transversalis in Cuba. New Disease Reports. Article 20. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=023020

McKenzie E H C, 2000. Uromyces transversalis, rust fungus found infecting Iridaceae in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science. 28 (4), 289-292.

Mohali S R, Aime M C, 2018. First report of gladiolus rust caused by Uromyces transversalis in Merida, Venezuela. Plant Disease. 102 (2), 444-445. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-17-0993-PDN

NAPPO, 2004. Detection of Gladiolus rust (Uromyces transversalis) in Mexico., https://www.pestalerts.org/official-pest-report/detection-gladiolus-rust-uromyces-transversalis-mexico

NAPPO, 2007. USDA confirms Gladiolus Rust, Uromyces transversalis, in Florida., https://www.pestalerts.org/official-pest-report/usda-confirms-gladiolus-rust-uromyces-transversalis-florida

NAPPO, 2008. Phytosanitary Alert System: Gladiolus Rust [Uromyces transversalis (Thum.)] detected again in Florida - United States. In: Phytosanitary Alert System: Gladiolus Rust [Uromyces transversalis (Thum.)] detected again in Florida - United States. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=311

NAPPO, 2010. Phytosanitary Alert System: Detection of gladiolus rust, Uromyces transversalis (Thum.), in Manatee County, Florida - United States. In: Phytosanitary Alert System: Detection of gladiolus rust, Uromyces transversalis (Thum.), in Manatee County, Florida - United States. NAPPO. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=428

NAPPO, 2012. Phytosanitary Alert System: Detection of gladiolus rust (Uromyces transversalis) in Manatee County, Florida. In: Phytosanitary Alert System: Detection of gladiolus rust (Uromyces transversalis) in Manatee County, Florida, NAPPO. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=520

NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013. Pest status of harmful organisms in the Netherlands., Wageningen, Netherlands:

Pisi A, Bellardi M G, 1994. Rusts of ornamental plants and flowers. (Le ruggini delle piante ornamentali e da fiore.). Colture Protette. 23 (4), 55-60.

Pitta G P B, Figueiredo M B, Cardoso R M G, Hennen J F, 1981. Rust (Uromyces transversalis (Thuemen) Winter), a new disease of gladiolus (Gladiolus spp.) in Brazil. (Ferrugem (Uromyces transversalis (Thuemen) Winter), uma nova doenca do gladiolo (Gladiolus spp.) no Brasil.). Biologico. 47 (12), 323-328.

Rodríguez-Alvarado G, Fernández-Pavía S P, Valenzuela-Vázquez M, Loya-Ramírez J G, 2006. First report of gladiolus rust caused by Uromyces transversalis in Michoacán, México. Plant Disease. 90 (5), 687. DOI:10.1094/PD-90-0687B

Salazar Yepes M, Carvalho Júnior A A de, 2013. Uredinales (rust fungi) biota of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Brazil: an analysis of composition, species diversity and altitudinal distribution. Caldasia. 35 (1), 165-176. http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0366-52322013000100012&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

UK, CAB International, 1996. Uromyces transversalis. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 722. DOI:10.1079/DMPD/20056500722

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map
Select a dataset
Map Legends
  • CABI Summary Records
Map Filters
Extent
Invasive
Origin
Third party data sources: