Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ulocladium atrum
(Ulocladium blight of potato)

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Datasheet

Ulocladium atrum (Ulocladium blight of potato)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ulocladium atrum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Ulocladium blight of potato
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Dothideomycetes

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Leaf of potato (Solanum tuberosum ssp. andigena) with kasahui disease, collected from the Puno high plateau, Peru.  Three leaflets are turned over to reveal the more contrasting lesions on the underside.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionLeaf of potato (Solanum tuberosum ssp. andigena) with kasahui disease, collected from the Puno high plateau, Peru. Three leaflets are turned over to reveal the more contrasting lesions on the underside.
CopyrightE.R. French/CIP
Leaf of potato (Solanum tuberosum ssp. andigena) with kasahui disease, collected from the Puno high plateau, Peru.  Three leaflets are turned over to reveal the more contrasting lesions on the underside.
SymptomsLeaf of potato (Solanum tuberosum ssp. andigena) with kasahui disease, collected from the Puno high plateau, Peru. Three leaflets are turned over to reveal the more contrasting lesions on the underside.E.R. French/CIP

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ulocladium atrum Preuss

Preferred Common Name

  • Ulocladium blight of potato

Other Scientific Names

  • Stemphylium atrum (Preuss) Sacc.

International Common Names

  • English: almond mould complex; cucumber leaf spot; lentil Ulocladium blight; sunflower achene blemish complex

Local Common Names

  • Peru: kasahui of potato

EPPO code

  • ULOCAT (Ulocladium atrum)
  • ULOCCN (Ulocladium consortiale)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Dothideomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Pleosporomycetidae
  •                         Order: Pleosporales
  •                             Family: Pleosporaceae
  •                                 Genus: Ulocladium
  •                                     Species: Ulocladium atrum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
LibyaPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
Sierra LeonePresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)

Asia

ChinaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
IndiaPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
-Himachal PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-KeralaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-Madhya PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-RajasthanPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-Uttar PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-UttarakhandPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
IranPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
IraqPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
IsraelPresentShtienberg (1994); David (1995); Guiraud et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
KuwaitPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
MalaysiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-SabahPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
PakistanPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
Saudi ArabiaPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
SyriaPresent, LocalizedLinke et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2008)
TurkeyPresent, LocalizedDemİrcİ and Döken (1989); David (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008); CABI (Undated)

Europe

CyprusPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
DenmarkPresentYohalem (1997); CABI and EPPO (2008)
LithuaniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
NetherlandsPresentDavid (1995); Köhl et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
NorwayPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
PortugalPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
RussiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
SpainPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
United KingdomPresentButler et al. (1979); David (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008);
-ScotlandPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)

North America

CanadaPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
-AlbertaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-ManitobaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-Nova ScotiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-SaskatchewanPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
MexicoPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
NicaraguaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
United StatesPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-CaliforniaPresent, LocalizedPhillips et al. (1979); David (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
-ColoradoPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
-GeorgiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-KansasPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
-New JerseyPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-New YorkPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-WashingtonPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
-South AustraliaPresentTaheri et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2008)
-VictoriaPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
-Western AustraliaPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
New ZealandPresentCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2008)Original citation: Newhooks et al., 1974

South America

ArgentinaPresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
BrazilPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-GoiasPresentBarreto et al. (2011)
ChilePresentDavid (1995); CABI and EPPO (2008)
PeruPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2008)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / lesions: scab or pitting
Growing point / rot
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / necrotic areas
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Leaves hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Wood

References

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Almendros G; Martinez AT; Dorado E, 1985. Production of green humic-like substances by Ulocladium atrum. Soil Biol. and Biochem., 17:257-259.

Anon., 1998. 19th Century rules of causation outdated. Science, 282:220.

Barreto Sda S; Rezende DVde; Blum LEB, 2011. Fungi on seeds of ornamentals. (Fungos em sementes de plantas ornamentais.) Revista Brasileira de Sementes, 33(3):561-573. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-31222011000300019&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=pt

Butler D; Griffin MJ; Fletcher JT, 1979. Leaf spot on cucumber caused by Ulocladium atrum. Plant Pathology, 28(2):96-97

CABI/EPPO, 2008. Ulocladium atrum. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, October (Edition 1). Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 1045.

Caceres-Centeno D, 1972. Caracterizacion y medios de cultivo de Ulocladium atrum Preuss aislado de papa (Solanum andigena) produciendo Kasahui (Characterization and culture media for the causal agent of Kasahui, Ulocladium atrum Preuss, isolated from potato (Solanum andigena)). Thesis Ing. Agron. Universidad Nacional del Altiplano, Puno, Peru.

Condori-Cornejo E, 1976. Control quimico del kasahui de la papa (Chemical control of potato kasahui). Thesis, Universidad Nacional del Altiplano, Puno, Peru.

David JC, 1995. IMI descriptions of fungi and bacteria No. 1224. Ulocladium atrum. Mycopathologia, 129:47-48.

Demirci E; Döken MT, 1989. Studies on the determination and identification of fungal agents of the diseases isolated from the roots, stems and leaves of potatoes in Erzurum region. Journal of Turkish Phytopathology, 18(1-2):51-60; 19 ref.

Guiraud P; Steiman R; Seigle-Murandi F; Sage L, 1995. Mycoflora of soil around the Dead Sea II - Deuteromycetes (except Aspergillus and Penicillium). Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 18(2):318-322; 17 ref.

GutiTrrez A; Martfnez MJ; Almendros G; Gonzßlez-Vila FJ; Martfnez AT, 1995. Hyphal-sheath polysaccharides in fungal deterioration. Science of the Total Environment, 167(1-3):315-328; 64 ref.

Jones GM; Rodriguez-Kabana R; Jatala P, 1986. Fungi associated with cysts of potato cyst nematodes in Peru. Nematropica, 16:21-31.

K÷hl J; BTlanger RR; Fokkema NJ, 1997. Interaction of four antagonistic fungi with Botrytis aclada in dead onion leaves: a comparative microscopic and ultrastructural study. Phytopathology, 87(6):634-642; 28 ref.

Karahan A; Katircioglu YZ, 1993. Occurrence and distribution of fungal diseases on lentil in Ankara Province. Journal of Turkish Phytopathology, 22(1):27-33; 19 ref.

Kohl J; Molhoek WML; Plas CH van der; Fokkema NJ, 1995. Effect of Ulocladium atrum and other antagonists on sporulation of Botrytis cinerea on dead lily leaves exposed to field conditions. Phytopathology, 85(4):393-401

Linke KH; Scheibel C; Saxena MC; Sauerborn J, 1992. Fungi occurring on Orobanche spp. and their preliminary evaluation for Orobanche control. Tropical Pest Management, 38(2):127-130; 15 ref.

Phillips DJ; Mackey B; Ellis WR; Hansen TN, 1979. Occurrence and interaction of Aspergillus flavus with other fungi on almonds. Phytopathology, 69(8):829-831

Revilla V; Brown L, 1958. El Kasahui de la papa en el Peru. (Kasahui disease of potato in Peru). Informe mensual de la Estacion Experimental Agricola de La Molina (Ministerio de Agricultura, Lima, Per·). 32(372):17-20.

Rodriguez-Kabana R; Morgan-Jones G, 1988. Potential for nematode control by mycofloras endemic in the tropics. Journal of Nematology, 20(2):191-203

Salas-Turpo; B; Otazu-Monzon V, 1975. Enfermedades de los cultivos del Departamento de Puno (Diseases of crops of the Puno Department [Peru]). Fitopatologia, 10:81-82.

Shtienberg D, 1994. Achene blemish syndrome: a new disease of sunflower in Israel. Plant Disease, 78(11):1112-1116

Simmons EG, 1967. Typification of Alternaria, Stemphylium and Ulocladium. Mycologia, 59:67-92.

Taheri A; Hollamby GJ; Vanstone VA; Neate SM, 1994. Interaction between root lesion nematode, Pratylenchus neglectus (Rensch 1924) Chitwood and Oteifa 1952, and root rotting fungi of wheat. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 22(2):181-185; 21 ref.

Torres H; Gamarra D, 1988. Identification and control of contaminant micro-organisms of true potato seed. Fitopatología, 23(1):26-31; 16 ref.

Turkensteen LJ, 1979. Ulocladium atrum, causal agent of Kasahui, a leaf disease of potato on the Peruvian plateau. Fitopatologia, 14(2):85-86

Turkensteen LJ, 1981. Ulocladium blight. In: Hoover WJ, ed. Compendium of Potato Diseases. St Paul, USA: American Phytopathological Society.

Yohalem D, 1997. Prospects for the biological control of foliar plant diseases in Danish greenhouses. Proceedings of the 14th Danish Plant Protection Conference. Pests and Diseases. SP Rapport Statens Planteavlsforsog. 8:199-206.

Distribution References

Barreto S da S, Rezende D V de, Blum L E B, 2011. Fungi on seeds of ornamentals. (Fungos em sementes de plantas ornamentais.). Revista Brasileira de Sementes. 33 (3), 561-573. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-31222011000300019&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=pt

Butler D, Griffin M J, Fletcher J T, 1979. Leaf spot on cucumber caused by Ulocladium atrum. Plant Pathology. 28 (2), 96-97.

CABI, EPPO, 2008. Ulocladium atrum. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CABI. Map 1045.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

David JC, 1995. IMI descriptions of fungi and bacteria No. 1224. Ulocladium atrum. In: Mycopathologia, 129 47-48.

Demİrcİ E, Döken M T, 1989. Studies on the determination and identification of fungal agents of the diseases isolated from the roots, stems and leaves of potatoes in Erzurum region. Journal of Turkish Phytopathology. 18 (1-2), 51-60.

Guiraud P, Steiman R, Seigle-Murandi F, Sage L, 1995. Mycoflora of soil around the Dead Sea II - Deuteromycetes (except Aspergillus and Penicillium). Systematic and Applied Microbiology. 18 (2), 318-322. DOI:10.1016/S0723-2020(11)80403-0

Köhl J, Molhoek W M L, Plas C H van der, Fokkema N J, 1995. Effect of Ulocladium atrum and other antagonists on sporulation of Botrytis cinerea on dead lily leaves exposed to field conditions. Phytopathology. 85 (4), 393-401. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-85-393

Linke K H, Scheibel C, Saxena M C, Sauerborn J, 1992. Fungi occurring on Orobanche spp. and their preliminary evaluation for Orobanche control. Tropical Pest Management. 38 (2), 127-130.

Phillips D J, Mackey B, Ellis W R, Hansen T N, 1979. Occurrence and interaction of Aspergillus flavus with other fungi on almonds. Phytopathology. 69 (8), 829-831. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-69-829

Shtienberg D, 1994. Achene blemish syndrome: a new disease of sunflower in Israel. Plant Disease. 78 (11), 1112-1116. DOI:10.1094/PD-78-1112

Taheri A, Hollamby G J, Vanstone V A, Neate S M, 1994. Interaction between root lesion nematode, Pratylenchus neglectus (Rensch 1924) Chitwood and Oteifa 1952, and root rotting fungi of wheat. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science. 22 (2), 181-185.

Yohalem D, 1997. Prospects for the biological control of foliar plant diseases in Danish greenhouses. In: SP Rapport - Statens Planteavlsforsøg [14th Danish Plant Protection Conference. Pests and Diseases.], 199-206.

Distribution Maps

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