Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ulmus glabra
(mountain elm)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Ulmus glabra (mountain elm)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ulmus glabra
  • Preferred Common Name
  • mountain elm
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Graft stock
  • Revegetation
  • Soil improvement

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
A typical open-grown wych elm. This specimen is 100 years old, growing at 'La Falera' (Lat. 43° 47'; Long. 12° 05'), cental Italy, altitude 1000m. It is 20 m tall, with a diameter of 73 cm.
TitleMature wych elm, central Italy
CaptionA typical open-grown wych elm. This specimen is 100 years old, growing at 'La Falera' (Lat. 43° 47'; Long. 12° 05'), cental Italy, altitude 1000m. It is 20 m tall, with a diameter of 73 cm.
Copyright©Lorenzo Mittempergher
A typical open-grown wych elm. This specimen is 100 years old, growing at 'La Falera' (Lat. 43° 47'; Long. 12° 05'), cental Italy, altitude 1000m. It is 20 m tall, with a diameter of 73 cm.
Mature wych elm, central ItalyA typical open-grown wych elm. This specimen is 100 years old, growing at 'La Falera' (Lat. 43° 47'; Long. 12° 05'), cental Italy, altitude 1000m. It is 20 m tall, with a diameter of 73 cm.©Lorenzo Mittempergher
Wych elm growing in the communal forest of Grosbois, (Long. 6°18'E; Lat. 47°20'N) France, altitude 400 m. Height is 22 m, d.b.h. 40 cm.
TitleWych elm in deciduous forest, France
CaptionWych elm growing in the communal forest of Grosbois, (Long. 6°18'E; Lat. 47°20'N) France, altitude 400 m. Height is 22 m, d.b.h. 40 cm.
CopyrightIsabelle Bilger
Wych elm growing in the communal forest of Grosbois, (Long. 6°18'E; Lat. 47°20'N) France, altitude 400 m. Height is 22 m, d.b.h. 40 cm.
Wych elm in deciduous forest, FranceWych elm growing in the communal forest of Grosbois, (Long. 6°18'E; Lat. 47°20'N) France, altitude 400 m. Height is 22 m, d.b.h. 40 cm.Isabelle Bilger
One of the most northern populations of wych elm, growing at latitude 62°N and altitude 600 m, in Sweden.
TitleWych elm in natural stand, Sweden
CaptionOne of the most northern populations of wych elm, growing at latitude 62°N and altitude 600 m, in Sweden.
CopyrightJorgen Sundin
One of the most northern populations of wych elm, growing at latitude 62°N and altitude 600 m, in Sweden.
Wych elm in natural stand, SwedenOne of the most northern populations of wych elm, growing at latitude 62°N and altitude 600 m, in Sweden.Jorgen Sundin
A polycormic wych elm tree, estimated to be 400 years old, growing at 'Le Tagliole', (Lat. 44°10'N; Long. 10° 37'E), Pievepelago, Modena (Italy), altitude 1000 m. It is 25 m tall, with bole diameter of 200 cm.
TitleA 400-year-old wych elm tree
CaptionA polycormic wych elm tree, estimated to be 400 years old, growing at 'Le Tagliole', (Lat. 44°10'N; Long. 10° 37'E), Pievepelago, Modena (Italy), altitude 1000 m. It is 25 m tall, with bole diameter of 200 cm.
Copyright©Lorenzo Mittempergher
A polycormic wych elm tree, estimated to be 400 years old, growing at 'Le Tagliole', (Lat. 44°10'N; Long. 10° 37'E), Pievepelago, Modena (Italy), altitude 1000 m. It is 25 m tall, with bole diameter of 200 cm.
A 400-year-old wych elm treeA polycormic wych elm tree, estimated to be 400 years old, growing at 'Le Tagliole', (Lat. 44°10'N; Long. 10° 37'E), Pievepelago, Modena (Italy), altitude 1000 m. It is 25 m tall, with bole diameter of 200 cm.©Lorenzo Mittempergher
Bark of an old specimen of wych elm.
TitleBark of old tree
CaptionBark of an old specimen of wych elm.
Copyright©Lorenzo Mittempergher
Bark of an old specimen of wych elm.
Bark of old treeBark of an old specimen of wych elm.©Lorenzo Mittempergher
The short shoot of wych elm, showing typical serrated leaf shape.
TitleShoot and foliage
CaptionThe short shoot of wych elm, showing typical serrated leaf shape.
Copyright©Lorenzo Mittempergher
The short shoot of wych elm, showing typical serrated leaf shape.
Shoot and foliageThe short shoot of wych elm, showing typical serrated leaf shape.©Lorenzo Mittempergher
Wych elm seed is held in the centre of the fruit (a samara)
TitleFruits and seeds
CaptionWych elm seed is held in the centre of the fruit (a samara)
Copyright©Lorenzo Mittempergher
Wych elm seed is held in the centre of the fruit (a samara)
Fruits and seedsWych elm seed is held in the centre of the fruit (a samara)©Lorenzo Mittempergher
Close-up view of wych elm leaves eaten by larvae of the elm leaf beetle (Xantogalerucha luteola), with some adult beetles.
TitleElm beetle larval damage
CaptionClose-up view of wych elm leaves eaten by larvae of the elm leaf beetle (Xantogalerucha luteola), with some adult beetles.
Copyright©Lorenzo Mittempergher
Close-up view of wych elm leaves eaten by larvae of the elm leaf beetle (Xantogalerucha luteola), with some adult beetles.
Elm beetle larval damageClose-up view of wych elm leaves eaten by larvae of the elm leaf beetle (Xantogalerucha luteola), with some adult beetles.©Lorenzo Mittempergher
Transmission of Dutch Elm Disease among contiguous adult elms is very rapid, as it takes place via root connections. These avenue trees are along the city walls of Lucca, central Italy.
TitleDiseased adult wych elm trees, Italy
CaptionTransmission of Dutch Elm Disease among contiguous adult elms is very rapid, as it takes place via root connections. These avenue trees are along the city walls of Lucca, central Italy.
Copyright©Lorenzo Mittempergher
Transmission of Dutch Elm Disease among contiguous adult elms is very rapid, as it takes place via root connections. These avenue trees are along the city walls of Lucca, central Italy.
Diseased adult wych elm trees, ItalyTransmission of Dutch Elm Disease among contiguous adult elms is very rapid, as it takes place via root connections. These avenue trees are along the city walls of Lucca, central Italy.©Lorenzo Mittempergher

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ulmus glabra Huds.

Preferred Common Name

  • mountain elm

Variety

  • Ulmus glabra var. trautvetteri Johansson (1921)

Other Scientific Names

  • Ulmus campestris L.
  • Ulmus montana Stokes
  • Ulmus montana With.
  • Ulmus scabra Miller
  • Ulmus suberosa Michaux

International Common Names

  • English: broad-leaved elm; European mountain elm; scotch elm; wych elm
  • Spanish: olmo de montaña
  • French: orme blanc; orme de montagne
  • Russian: gornyi il'm; shershavyi vyas

Local Common Names

  • Belgium: ruwe iep; ruwe olm
  • Finland: jalava
  • Germany: Berg- Ulme; Bergrüster; Bergulme
  • Italy: olmo montano
  • Netherlands: iep, berg-; iep, ruwe
  • Sweden: alm; skogsalm

EPPO code

  • ULMGL (Ulmus glabra)

Trade name

  • elm
  • rüster

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Urticales
  •                         Family: Ulmaceae
  •                             Genus: Ulmus
  •                                 Species: Ulmus glabra

Uses List

Top of page

Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Graft stock
  • Revegetation
  • Soil improvement
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Genetic importance

  • Gene source

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Poisonous to mammals
  • Wood/timber

Wood Products

Top of page

Boats

Containers

  • Crates
  • Pallets

Furniture

Roundwood

  • Stakes

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Bridges
  • Engineering structures
  • Flooring
  • For light construction
  • Hydraulic works
  • Wall panelling

Vehicle bodies

Veneers

Woodware

  • Turnery
  • Wood carvings