Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Tulip breaking virus

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Datasheet

Tulip breaking virus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Tulip breaking virus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Group: "RNA viruses"
  •       Family: Potyviridae
  •         Genus: Potyvirus

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Right: Malformation of the edges of petals, which affects the shape of the flower, in a white-coloured cultivar caused by tulip breaking viruses.
TitleSymptoms on tulip flowers
CaptionRight: Malformation of the edges of petals, which affects the shape of the flower, in a white-coloured cultivar caused by tulip breaking viruses.
CopyrightC.J. Asjes
Right: Malformation of the edges of petals, which affects the shape of the flower, in a white-coloured cultivar caused by tulip breaking viruses.
Symptoms on tulip flowersRight: Malformation of the edges of petals, which affects the shape of the flower, in a white-coloured cultivar caused by tulip breaking viruses.C.J. Asjes
Right: Stringent appearance of the central leaf and reddish brown-green leaf mosaic caused by tulip breaking viruses. Left: Healthy tulip.
TitleSymptoms on tulip plant
CaptionRight: Stringent appearance of the central leaf and reddish brown-green leaf mosaic caused by tulip breaking viruses. Left: Healthy tulip.
CopyrightC.J. Asjes
Right: Stringent appearance of the central leaf and reddish brown-green leaf mosaic caused by tulip breaking viruses. Left: Healthy tulip.
Symptoms on tulip plantRight: Stringent appearance of the central leaf and reddish brown-green leaf mosaic caused by tulip breaking viruses. Left: Healthy tulip.C.J. Asjes
Reddish-purple, light and dark-green discoloration of the leaf colour caused by tulip breaking viruses.
TitleSymptoms on tulip leaf
CaptionReddish-purple, light and dark-green discoloration of the leaf colour caused by tulip breaking viruses.
CopyrightC.J. Asjes
Reddish-purple, light and dark-green discoloration of the leaf colour caused by tulip breaking viruses.
Symptoms on tulip leafReddish-purple, light and dark-green discoloration of the leaf colour caused by tulip breaking viruses.C.J. Asjes
TitleSymptoms on tulip leaves
Caption
CopyrightC.J. Asjes
Symptoms on tulip leavesC.J. Asjes
Middle and right: Breaking of the flower colour caused by tulip breaking viruses.
TitleSymptoms on tulip flowers
CaptionMiddle and right: Breaking of the flower colour caused by tulip breaking viruses.
CopyrightC.J. Asjes
Middle and right: Breaking of the flower colour caused by tulip breaking viruses.
Symptoms on tulip flowersMiddle and right: Breaking of the flower colour caused by tulip breaking viruses.C.J. Asjes

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Tulip breaking virus

Other Scientific Names

  • Marmor tulipae
  • tulip breaking potyvirus
  • tulip mosaic virus
  • Tulipa virus 1
  • Tulipavirus vulgare

English acronym

  • TBV

EPPO code

  • TBV000 (Tulip breaking potyvirus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Group: "RNA viruses"
  •             Family: Potyviridae
  •                 Genus: Potyvirus
  •                     Species: Tulip breaking virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

JapanPresentYamaguchi et al., 1958; Yamaguchi et al., 1961a; Yamaguchi et al., 1961b; Nahata et al., 1988

North America

USAPresentMcKay et al., 1929; McKay and Warner, 1933; McWhorter, 1938

Europe

Czechoslovakia (former)PresentChod and Polak, 1969
DenmarkPresentThomsen, 1980
NetherlandsPresentSlogteren & Bruyn Ouboter, 1941; Hoog, 1933; Slogteren, 1971; Asjes, 1994
UKPresentCayley, 1928; Mowat, 1968

Oceania

AustraliaPresentSutton and Garrett, 1978

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Inflorescence / discoloration (non-graminaceous plants)
Inflorescence / lesions; flecking; streaks (not Poaceae)

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Fruits (inc. pods) Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Leaves Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Growing medium accompanying plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

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References

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Alper M; Koenig R; Lesemann D-E; Loebenstein G, 1982. Mechanical transmission of a strain of tulip breaking virus from Lilium longiflorum to Chenopodium spp. Phytoparasitica, 10(3):193-199

Asjes CJ, 1975. Control of the spread of tulip breaking virus in tulips with mineral-oil sprays. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 81(2):64-70

Asjes CJ, 1978. Viruses and virus diseases in tulips (3). Bloembollencultuur, 88(40):963-964

Asjes CJ, 1981. Control of stylet-borne spread of aphids of tulip breaking virus in lilies and tulips, and hyacinth mosaic virus in hyacinths by pirimicarb and permethrin sprays versus mineral-oil sprays. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 46(3):1073-1077

Asjes CJ, 1985. Control of field spread of non-persistent viruses in flower-bulb crops by synthetic pyrethroid and pirimicarb insecticides, and mineral oils. Crop Protection, 4(4):485-493

Asjes CJ, 1990. Production for virus freedom of some principal bulbous crops in the Netherlands. Acta Horticulturae, 266:517-530

Asjes CJ, 1994. Viruses in tulip in the Netherlands. Acta Horticulturae, 377:289-300

Asjes CJ, 1997. Virus in bloembollen in kaart gebracht. Bloembollencultuur, 108(4):50 pp.

Asjes CJ; Blom-Barnhoorn GJ, 1998. Verspreiding Tulpevirus X in tulpen. Nu meer bekend over de overbrenger. Bloembollencultuur, 109(15):18-19.

Asjes CJ; Elbertsen M, 1982. Tulpemozaiekvirus - de symptomen en het ziekzoeken. Ed: Laboratorium Bloembollenonderzoek, 40 pp.

Asjes CJ; Neeltje P de vos; Slogteren DHMVan, 1973. Brown ring formation and streak mottle, two distinct syndromes in lilies associated with complex infections of lily symptomless virus and tulip breaking virus. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 79(1):23-35

Botschantzeva ZP, 1982. Tulips. Taxonomy, morphology, cytology, phytogeography and physiology. Translated by Varekamp HQ, ed. Balkema, Rotterdam (Russian edition 1962), 230 pp.

Brierley P; McKay MB, 1938. Experiments with aphids as vectors of tulip breaking. Phytopathology, 28:123-129.

BRIERLEY P; SMITH FF, 1944. Studies on Lily Virus Diseases: the Mottle Group. Phytopathology, 34(8):718-746 pp.

Cayley DM, 1928. `Breaking' in tulips. Annals of Applied Biology, 15:529-539.

Chod J; Polak J, 1969. Investigation of the inhibitory ability of the sap of various tulip varieties to Tulipa virus 1 (Cayley) Smith. Ustav Vedeckotechnickych informaci, 14:151-154.

Dekker EL; Derks AFLM; Asjes CJ; Lemmers MEC; Bol JF; Langeveld SA, 1993. Characterization of potyviruses from tulip and lily which cause flower-breaking. Journal of General Virology, 74(5):881-887

Derks AFLM; Asjes CJ, 1975. Lily symptomless virus. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 81: 14-21.

Derks AFLM; Lemmers MEC; Gemen BAvan, 1994. Lily mottle virus in lilies: characterization, strains and its differentiation from tulip breaking virus in tulips. Acta Horticulturae, 377:281-288

Derks AFLM; Vink-Van den Abeele JL; Schadewijk ARVan, 1982. Purification of tulip breaking virus and production of antisera for use in ELISA. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 88(3):87-98

Hammond J; Chastagner GA, 1988. Natural infection of tulips with tulip mosaic virus and a potyvirus serologically related to tulip breaking virus in the USA. Acta Horticulturae, 234:203-217.

Hammond J; Chastagner GA, 1989. Field transmission of tulip breaking virus and serologically related potyviruses in tulip. Plant Disease, 73(4):331-336

Hoog J, 1933. The breaking of tulips. Gardeners' Chronicle 94:471.

Hsu HT; Franssen JM; Hulst CTC van der; Derks AFLM; Lawson RH, 1988. Factors affecting selection of epitope specificity of monoclonal antibodies to tulip breaking potyvirus. Phytopathology, 78(10):1337-1340

KASSANIS B, 1949. A necrotic disease of forced Tulips caused by Tobacco necrosis viruses. Annals of Applied Biology, 36(1):14-17 pp.

Langeveld SA; Dore JM; Memelink J; Derks AFLM; Vlugt CIM van der; Asjes CJ; Bol JF, 1991. Identification of potyviruses using the polymerase chain reaction with degenerate primers. Journal of General Virology, 72(7):1531-1541

Maeda T; Inouye N; Mitsuhata K, 1984. A distinctive strain of tulip breaking virus isolated from lilies in Japan. Nogaku Kenkyu, 60:135-146.

McKay MB; Brierley P; Dijkstra TT, 1929. Tulip `breaking' is proved to be caused by mosaic infection. Yearbook of the Agricultural United States Department for Agriculture, 1928:596-597.

McKay MB; Warner ME, 1933. Historical sketch of tulip mosaic or breaking. The oldest known plant virus disease. National Horticultural Magazine:179-216.

McKenny Hughes AW, 1930. Aphis as a possible vector of 'breaking' in tulip species. Annals of Applied Biology, 17:36-42.

McKenny Hughes AW, 1931. Aphids as vectors of breaking in tulips. Annals of Applied Biology, 28:16-29.

McKenny Hughes AW, 1934. Aphids as vectors of breaking in tulips II. Annals of Applied Biology, 21:112-119.

McWhorter FP, 1938. The antithetic theory of tulip breaking. Annals of Applied Biology, 25:254-270.

Morikawa T; Ohoura K; Yamamoto T; Nomura Y; Matsumoto M; Nakata K, 1995. Occurrence of virus-like diseases of tulip mild mottle mosaic and streaking in Toyama Prefecture. Bulletin Toyama Agricultural Research Center, 16:55-66.

Mowat WP, 1968. Other viruses in flower bulbs: Tulips. Annual Report of the Scottish Horticultural Research Institute, 14:58.

Mowat WP, 1982. Pathology and properties of tulip virus X, a new potexvirus. Annals of Applied Biology, 101(1):51-63

Mowat WP, 1985. Tulip chlorotic blotch virus, a second potyvirus causing tulip flower break. Annals of Applied Biology, 106(1):65-73

Nahata K; Kusaba T; Mukobata H, 1988. Studies of the ecology and control of tulip virus diseases. Bulletin Toyama Agricultural Research Center, 2:1-132.

Nemethy ZI, 1994. Survey on virus diseases of bulbous flowers in Hungary. Acta Horticulturae, 377:267-274

Ohira K; Namba S; Miyagawa M; Kusumi T; Tsuchizaki T, 1994. Nucleotide sequence of the coat protein coding region of tulip breaking virus. Virus Genes, 8(2):165-167

Procenko AE; Shatrowa WM, 1969. Vergleich der Lilien- und Tulpenmosaikvires. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 66:213-222.

Romanow LR; Eijk JP van; Eikelboom W; Schadewijk AR van; Peters D, 1990. Determing levels of resistance to tulip breaking virus (TBV) in tulip (Tulipa L.) cultivars. Euphytica, 51(3):273-280

Schadewijk AR van; Eggink J, 1982. A new virus in tulips as one of the possible explanations for serological distinction between antisera against tulip breaking virus (TBV). Acta Botanica Neerlandica, 31:242-243.

Slogteren DHM van, 1958. Ratelvirus als oorzaak van ziekten in bloembolgewassen en de mogelijkheden de infectie door middel van grondontsmetting te bestrijden. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 64:452-462.

Slogteren DHM van, 1971. Tulip breaking virus. CMI/AAB Descriptions Plant Viruses, No. 71, 4 pp. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biologists.

Slogteren DHM van; Asjes CJ, 1970. Virus diseases in tulips. Daffodil and Tulip Yearbook 35:85-97.

Slogteren E van; Bruyn Ouboter MP de, 1941. Onderzoekingen over virusziekten in bloembolgewassen. II. Tulpen I. Mededelingen Landbouw Hogeschool Wageningen 45: 1-54.

Straathof TP; Eikelboom W; Tuyl JMvan; Peters D, 1996. Screening for TBV-resistance in seedling populations of Tulipa L. Acta Horticulturae, No. 432:392-399; 6 ref.

Sutton J; Garrett RG, 1978. The epidemiology and control of tulip breaking virus in Victoria. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 29(3):555-563

Thomsen A, 1980. Infection trials with tulip mosaic virus. Acta Horticulturae, 109:469-471.

Yamaguchi A, 1958. Studies on the tulip mosaic disease in Japan. I. Annals of the Phytopatological Society Japan, 23:239-244.

Yamaguchi A, 1961a. Studies on the tulip mosaic disease in Japan. II. Flower breaking types resulted from mechanical inoculation of tulip plants at different growing stages. Annals of the Phytopathological Society Japan, 26:131-136.

Yamaguchi A, 1961b. Studies on the tulip mosaic disease in Japan. III. Response of William Pitt flower to the viruses from tulip plants showing various types of breaking. Annals of the Phytopathological Society Japan, 26:137-140.

Distribution Maps

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