Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Trypodendron lineatum
(striped ambrosia beetle)

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Datasheet

Trypodendron lineatum (striped ambrosia beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 18 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Trypodendron lineatum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • striped ambrosia beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Trypodendron lineatum (Olivier 1795)

Preferred Common Name

  • striped ambrosia beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Apate bivittata Kirby 1837
  • Bostrichus cavifrons Mannerheim 1843
  • Bostrichus lineatus Olivier 1795
  • Ips lineatus (Olivier 1795)
  • Tomicus lineatus (Olivier 1795)
  • Trypodendron bivittatum (Kirby 1837)
  • Trypodendron borealis Swaine 1917
  • Trypodendron granulatum Eggers 1933
  • Trypodendron meridionale Eggers 1940
  • Trypodendron vittiger Eichhoff 1881
  • Xyloterus bivittatum (Kirby 1837)
  • Xyloterus bivittatus (Kirby 1837)
  • Xyloterus lineatus (Olivier 1795)

International Common Names

  • English: beetle, striped ambrosia; timber, beetle, Spruce; timber, beetle, two-striped
  • Spanish: barrenador o broca
  • French: bostryche lisere; scolyte biraye; scolyte birayé
  • Russian: drevesinnik polosatyy

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: stribet vedborer
  • Finland: havupuun tikaskuoriainen
  • Germany: Borkenkaefer, Gemeiner Nutzholz-; Borkenkaefer, Gestreifter Nutzholz-; Borkenkaefer, Liniierter Nutzholz-; Nutzholzborkenkafer
  • Norway: stripet vedborer
  • Sweden: randig vedborre

EPPO code

  • TRYDLI (Trypodendron lineatum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Scolytidae
  •                             Genus: Trypodendron
  •                                 Species: Trypodendron lineatum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentWood and Bright (1992)
EgyptPresentWood and Bright (1992)
LibyaPresentWood and Bright (1992)
MoroccoPresentWood and Bright (1992)

Asia

ChinaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-GansuPresent, WidespreadFu et al. (1984)
JapanPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-HokkaidoPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
-HonshuPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
KyrgyzstanPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
North KoreaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
TurkeyPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)

Europe

AustriaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
BelgiumPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)Original citation: Gavrilovic & Korpic, 1992
BulgariaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
CroatiaPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
CzechiaPresent, WidespreadKula and Zabecki (2000)
CzechoslovakiaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
DenmarkPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
EstoniaPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
FinlandPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
FrancePresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
GermanyPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
GreecePresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
HungaryPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
ItalyPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
LatviaPresent, WidespreadBichevskis et al. (1975)
LiechtensteinPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
LithuaniaPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
LuxembourgPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
NetherlandsPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
NorwayPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
PolandPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
PortugalPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
RomaniaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
RussiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Central RussiaPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
-Eastern SiberiaPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
-Northern RussiaPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
-Russian Far EastPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
-Southern RussiaPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
-Western SiberiaPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
SerbiaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
SlovakiaPresent, WidespreadJakuš (1998)
SloveniaPresent, WidespreadBabuder et al. (1996)
SpainPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
SwedenPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
SwitzerlandPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
UkrainePresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)
United KingdomPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)

North America

CanadaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-AlbertaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-British ColumbiaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-ManitobaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-New BrunswickPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-Nova ScotiaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-OntarioPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-QuebecPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-SaskatchewanPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-AlaskaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-CaliforniaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-ColoradoPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-ConnecticutPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-IdahoPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-MainePresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-MichiganPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-MinnesotaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-MontanaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-NevadaPresentWood and Bright (1992)
-New HampshirePresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-New MexicoPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-New YorkPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-North CarolinaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-OregonPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-PennsylvaniaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-South DakotaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-TennesseePresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-UtahPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-WashingtonPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-West VirginiaPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)
-WyomingPresent, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992)

Oceania

New ZealandAbsent, Intercepted onlyBain (1974); Bain (1977)

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Roots / internal feeding
Stems / internal discoloration
Stems / internal feeding
Stems / visible frass
Whole plant / frass visible
Whole plant / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Elattoma karafiati
Eurytoma polygraphi Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Eurytoma spessivtsevi Parasite
Perniphora robusta Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Proctolaelaps xyloteri Parasite
Pseudopygmephorus bogenschutzi
Scutacarus scolyti
Thanasimus formicarius Predator Germany

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches adults; eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Wood adults; eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Leaves
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)

Wood Packaging

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Wood Packaging liable to carry the pest in trade/transportTimber typeUsed as packing
Solid wood packing material with bark No
Solid wood packing material without bark Pine casewood Yes
Wood Packaging not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Loose wood packing material
Non-wood
Processed or treated wood

References

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Babuder G; Pohleven F; Brelih S, 1996. Selectivity of synthetic aggregation pheromones Linoprax¬ and Pheroprax¬ in the control of the bark beetles (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) in a timber storage yard. Journal of Applied Entomology, 120(3):131-136; 34 ref.

Bain J, 1974. Overseas wood- and bark-boring insects intercepted at New Zealand ports. Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand Forest Service, Technical Paper Number 61:24 pp.

Bain J, 1977. Overseas wood- and bark-boring insects intercepted at New Zealand ports. Technical Paper, Forest Research Institute, New Zealand Forest Service, No. 63:28 pp.

Bennett RB; Borden JH, 1971. Flight arrestment of tethered Dendroctonus pseudotsugae and Trypodendron lineatum (Coleoptera:Scolytidae) in response to olfactory stimuli. Annals Entomological Society of America, 64:1273-1286.

Bichevskis MY; Mangalis Ik; Ozols GE; Shults AA, 1975. Pests and diseases. In: Spalbin ZP, ed. Spruce and Spruce Forests of Latvia. El' I el'niki Latvii, 117-149.

Borden JH, 1988. The striped ambrosia beetle Trypodendron lineatum (Olivier). In: Berryman AA, ed. Dynamics of forest insect populations. Plenum Publishing Co., 579-596.

Borden JH; Handley JR; Johnston BD; MacConnell JG; Silverstein RM; Slessor KN; Swigar AA; Wong DTW, 1979. Synthesis and field testing of 4,6,6-lineatin, the aggregation pheromone of Trypodendron lineatum (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 5(5):681-689

Borden JH; McLean JA, 1981. Pheromone-based suppression of ambrosia beetles in industrial timber processing areas. In: Mitchell ER, ed. Management of Insect Pests with Semiochemicals. New York, USA: Plenum Press, 133-154.

Bright DL Jr., Stark RW, 1973. The bark and ambrosia beetles of California. Coleoptera: Scolytidae and Platypodidae. Bulletin of the California Insect Survey, Volume 16.

Capecki Z, 1963. Perniphora robusta Ruschka (Pteromalidae, Hymenoptera) and Ipideurytoma spessiotsevi Bouc. et Nov. (Eurytomidae, Hymenoptera) parasites of Trypodendron lineatum Ol. (Scolytidae, Coleoptera) in Poland. Ekologia Polska, Warszawa 11A, (12):303-308.

Chapman JA, 1956. Flight muscle changes during adult life in a scolytid beetle. Nature (Lond.) 177:1183.

Chapman JA, 1959. Forced attacks by the ambrosia beetle, Trypodendron. Canada Department of Agriculture Forest Biology Division, Bimonthly Progress Reports 15(5):3.

Chapman JA; Kinghorn JM, 1958. Studies of flight and attack activity of the ambrosia beetle, Trypodendron lineatum (Oliv.) and other scolytids. Canadian Entomologist 90:362-372.

Chapman JA; Nijholt WW, 1980. Time of attack flight of ambrosia beetle Trypodendron lineatum (Oliv.) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in relation to weather in coastal British Columbia. Information Report, Canadian Forestry Service, No. BC-R-5:23 pp.

Chapman JA; Nijholt WW, 1980. Times of log attack by the ambrosia beetle Trypodendron lineatum in coastal British Columbia. Information Report, Canadian Forestry Service, No. BC-X-207:7 pp.

Christiansen E; Saether T, 1968. Infestation density of Trypodendron lineatum (Olivier) in relation to felling date of logs. Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift, 15:28-30.

CIE, 1982. Xyloterus lineatus (syn. Trypodendron lineatum). Distribution Maps of Pests, Map No. 438. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Daterman GE; Rudinsky JA; Nagel WP, 1965. Flight patterns of bark and timber beetles associated with coniferous forests of western Oregon. Corvallis, Oregon, USA: Oregon State University, Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin Number 87.

Dyer EDA; Chapman JA, 1965. Flight and attack of the ambrosia beetle, Trypodendron lineatum (Oliv.) in relation to felling date of logs. The Canadian Entomologist, 97:42-57.

Eichhoff WJ, 1878. Ratio, descripto, emendation eorum Tomicinorum qui sunt in Dr. Medin. Chapuisi et authoris ipsius collectionibus et quos praeterea recognivit. Preprint of Mémoir. Societé. Royale. Science. Liége, Series. 2, 8:1-531.

Eichhorn O; Graf P, 1974. On some timber bark-beetles and their enemies. Anzeiger für Schadlingskunde, Pflanzen- und Umweltschutz, 47(9):129-135

Erichson WF, 1836. Systematische auseinandersetzung der familie der borkenkäfer (Bostrichidae). Archiv Naturgeschaften, 2(1):45-65.

Fisher RC; Thompson GH; Webb WE, 1953. Ambrosia beetles in forest and sawmill: their biology, economic importance and control. Part I. Forestry Abstracts, 14:381-389.

Francke-Grosmann H, 1963. Some new aspects in forest entomology. Annual Review of Entomology, 8:415-438.

Fu HE; Wu B; Ning XC, 1984. A preliminary experiment on attraction with pheromone of bark beetles. Insect Knowledge (Kunchong Zhishi), 21(5):213-215

Funk A, 1965. The symbiotic fungi of certain ambrosia beetles in British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Botany, 43:929-932.

Furniss RL; Carolin VM, 1977. Western Forest Insects. Washington DC, USA: US Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Miscellaneous Publication No. 1339.

Gavriolovic D; Korpic M, 1992. Application of aggregation pheromones in the control of bark beetles and ambrosia beetles in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Glasnik Sumarskog Fakulteta, Universitet u Beogradu, 74:89-95.

Graham K, 1961. Air swallowing: a mechanism in photic reversal of the beetle Trypodendron. Nature, 191:519-520.

Hadorn C, 1933. Recherches sur la morphologie, les stades évolutifs et l'hivernage du bostryche liseré (Xyloterus lineatus Oliv.). Org. De la Soc. Forest Suisse, Bern (Suppl. 11).

Jakaitis B, 1979. Ipideurytoma spessivtsevi Bouc. et Nov. - a new species of chalcidoid for the fauna of the Lithuanian SSR. Acta Entomologica Lituanica, 4:175-177

Jakus R, 1998. Patch level variation of bark beetle attack (Col., Scolytidae) on snapped and uprooted trees in Norway spruce primeval natural forest in endemic condition: proportions of colonized surface and variability of ecological conditions. Journal of Applied Entomology, 122(9/10):543-546; 12 ref.

Kelsey RG; Joseph G, 1999. Ethanol and ambrosia beetles in Douglas fir logs exposed or protected from rain. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 25(12):2793-2809; many ref.

Kimmerer TW; Stringer MA, 1988. Alcohol dehydrogenase and ethanol in the stems of trees. Plant Physiology, 87:693-697.

Kinghorn JM, 1957. An induced differential bark-beetle attack. Canadian Department of Agriculture, Forest Biology Division, Bi-monthly Progress Report, 13(2):3-4.

Kinghorn JM; Chapman JA, 1959. The overwintering of the ambrosia beetle Trypodendron lineatum (Oliv.). Forest Science, 5:81-92.

Kula E; Zabecki W, 2000. Spruce attraction for cambioxylophagous pests in some forest type groups. Journal of Forest Science, 46(5):217-225; 21 ref.

Lam DKW; McLean JA, 1992. Seasonal abundance and distribution of ambrosia beetles on the North Arm of the Fraser River, British Columbia. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 89:48-53

Lindgren BS, 1983. A multiple funnel trap for scolytid beetles (Coleoptera). Canadian Entomologist, 115(3):299-302

Lindgren BS; Borden JH, 1983. Survey and mass trapping of ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in timber processing areas on Vancouver Island. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 13(3):481-493

Löyttyniemi K; Uusvaara O, 1977. Insect attack on pine and spruce sawlogs felled during the growing season. Communicationes Instituti Forestalis Fenniae, 89(6):1-48.

McIntosh RL; McLean JA, 1992. A life stage development index for Trypodendron lineatum (Oliv.) in a spruce boom on the Alberni Canal, Vancouver Island. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 89:43-47

McIntosh RL; McLean JA, 1997. Developmental threshold for the striped ambrosia beetle Trypodendron lineatum: a first estimate. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 94:19-26; 15 ref.

McLean JA, 1985. Ambrosia beetle: a multimillion dollar degrade problem of sawlogs in coastal British Columbia. Forestry Chronicle, 61:295-298.

McLean JA; Borden JH, 1975. Gnathotrichus sulcatus attack and breeding in freshly sawn lumber. Journal of Economic Entomology, 68(5):605-606

McLean JA; Salom SM, 1989. Relative abundance of ambrosia beetles in an old-growth western hemlock/Pacific silver fir forest and adjacent harvesting areas. Western Journal of Applied Forestry, 4(4):132-136

McLean JA; Stokkink E, 1988. Challenges in implementing ambrosia beetle pest management programs in British Columbia. In: Payne TL, Saarenmaa H, eds. Integrated Control of Scolytid Bark Beetles. Proc. IUFRO Working Party and XVIII World Congress of Entomology, Vancouver, B.C. 1988. Blacksburg, Virginia, USA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 179-187.

Milligan RH, 1970. Overseas wood- and bark-boring insects intercepted at New Zealand ports [in 1948-65]. Technical Paper, Forest Research Institute, New Zealand Forest Service, No. 57:80 pp.

Moeck HA, 1970. Ethanol as a primary attractant for the ambrosia beetle Trypodendron lineatum (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Canadian Entomologist, 102:985-995.

Nijholt WW, 1967. Moisture and fat content during the adult life of the ambrosia beetle Trypodendron lineatum (Oliv.). Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 64:51-55.

Orbay L; McLean JA; Sauder BJ; Cottell PL, 1994. Economic losses resulting from ambrosia beetle infestation of sawlogs in coastal British Columbia, Canada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 24(6):1266-1276; 9 ref.

Prebble ML; Graham K, 1957. Studies of attack by ambrosia beetles in softwood logs on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Forest Science, 3:90-112.

Richmond HA, 1986. Forest Entomology: from packhorse to helicopter. British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Lands. Pest Management Report No. 8.

Richmond HA; Nijholt WW, 1972. Water misting for log protection from ambrosia beetles in B.C. Environment Canada, Pacific Forestry Centre Report, B.C. P-4-72.

Salom SM; McLean JA, 1989. Influence of wind on the spring flight of Trypodendron lineatum (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in a second-growth coniferous forest. Canadian Entomologist, 121(2):109-119

Salom SM; McLean JA, 1991. Flight behavior of scolytid beetle in response to semiochemicals at different wind speeds. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 17(3):647-661

Shore TL; McLean JA, 1985. A survey for the ambrosia beetles Trypodendron lineatum and Gnathotrichus retusus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in a sawmill using pheromone-baited traps. Canadian Entomologist, 117(1):49-55

Shore TL; McLean JA, 1988. The use of mark-recapture to evaluate a pheromone-based mass trapping program for ambrosia beetles in a sawmill. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 18(9):1113-1117; 23 ref.

Stephens JF, 1830. Illustrations of British Entomology. Mandibulata, Coleoptera. London. Vol 3.

Strube HGR; Benner A, 1984. On the mites (Acari) associated with the striped bark-beetle Trypodendron lineatum Olivier (Coleoptera, Ipidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 98(1):103-109

Thomson CG, 1859. Skandinaviens Coleoptera Synoptiskt Bearbetade. Lund, Vol. 1.

Thong CHS; Webster JM, 1983. Nematode parasites and associates of Dendroctonus spp. and Trypodendron lineatum (Colepotera: Scolytidae), with a description of Bursaphelenchus varicauda n.sp. Journal of Nematology, 15(2):312-318

Wood SL, 1982. The bark and ambrosia beetles of North and Central America (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), a taxonomic monograph. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs, No. 6:1359 pp.

Wood SL, Bright Jr. DE, 1992. A catalog of Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera), Part 2: Taxonomic Index. Provo, Utah, USA: Bringham Young University, Great Basin Naturalist Memoir No. 13.

Distribution References

Babuder G, Pohleven F, Brelih S, 1996. Selectivity of synthetic aggregation pheromones Linoprax® and Pheroprax® in the control of the bark beetles (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) in a timber storage yard. Journal of Applied Entomology. 120 (3), 131-136. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0418.1996.tb01579.x

Bain J, 1974. Overseas wood- and bark-boring insects intercepted at New Zealand ports. In: Technical Paper, Forest Research Institute, New Zealand Forest Service, 24 pp.

Bain J, 1977. Overseas wood- and bark-boring insects intercepted at New Zealand ports. In: Technical Paper, Forest Research Institute, New Zealand Forest Service, 28 pp.

Bichevskis MY, Mangalis Ik, Ozols GE, Shults AA, 1975. Pests and diseases. In: Spruce and Spruce Forests of Latvia. El' I el'niki Latvii, [ed. by Spalbin ZP]. El' I el'niki Latvii, 117-149.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Fu H E, Wu B, Ning X C, 1984. A preliminary experiment on attraction with pheromone of bark beetles. Insect Knowledge (Kunchong Zhishi). 21 (5), 213-215.

Jakuš R, 1998. Patch level variation of bark beetle attack (Col., Scolytidae) on snapped and uprooted trees in Norway spruce primeval natural forest in endemic condition: proportions of colonized surface and variability of ecological conditions. Journal of Applied Entomology. 122 (9/10), 543-546. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0418.1998.tb01541.x

Kula E, Zabecki W, 2000. Spruce attraction for cambioxylophagous pests in some forest type groups. (Atraktivita smrku pro kambioxylofágy v některých souborech lesních typů.). Journal of Forest Science. 46 (5), 217-225.

UK, CAB International, 1982. Xyloterus lineatus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 438.

Wood SL, Bright DE, 1992. A catalog of Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera), Part 2: Taxonomic Index. In: Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs, 13 1-833.

Distribution Maps

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