Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

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Tobacco mosaic virus
(tobacco mosaic)

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Datasheet

Tobacco mosaic virus (tobacco mosaic)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 April 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Tobacco mosaic virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • tobacco mosaic
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Family: Virgoviridae
  •     Genus: Tobamovirus
  •       Species: Tobacco mosaic virus
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Midrib necrosis on NN tobacco after exposure to temperature above 30°C for some hours per day.
TitleSymptoms on tobacco
CaptionMidrib necrosis on NN tobacco after exposure to temperature above 30°C for some hours per day.
Copyright©Pasquale Piccirillo
Midrib necrosis on NN tobacco after exposure to temperature above 30°C for some hours per day.
Symptoms on tobaccoMidrib necrosis on NN tobacco after exposure to temperature above 30°C for some hours per day.©Pasquale Piccirillo
Left: symptoms on tobacco caused by the ormonal compound 2,4-D. Right: healthy leaf.
TitleSymptoms on tobacco leaves
CaptionLeft: symptoms on tobacco caused by the ormonal compound 2,4-D. Right: healthy leaf.
Copyright©Pasquale Piccirillo
Left: symptoms on tobacco caused by the ormonal compound 2,4-D. Right: healthy leaf.
Symptoms on tobacco leavesLeft: symptoms on tobacco caused by the ormonal compound 2,4-D. Right: healthy leaf.©Pasquale Piccirillo
Large necrotic lesion on the stem of NN tobacco in the field.
TitleSymptoms on tobacco
CaptionLarge necrotic lesion on the stem of NN tobacco in the field.
Copyright©Pasquale Piccirillo
Large necrotic lesion on the stem of NN tobacco in the field.
Symptoms on tobaccoLarge necrotic lesion on the stem of NN tobacco in the field.©Pasquale Piccirillo
Mosaic symptoms on tomato leaves.
TitleSymptoms on tomato leaves
CaptionMosaic symptoms on tomato leaves.
Copyright©Pasquale Piccirillo
Mosaic symptoms on tomato leaves.
Symptoms on tomato leavesMosaic symptoms on tomato leaves.©Pasquale Piccirillo
Right: fern-leaf symptoms on sensitive tomato. Left: healthy leaf.
TitleSymptoms on tomato
CaptionRight: fern-leaf symptoms on sensitive tomato. Left: healthy leaf.
Copyright©Pasquale Piccirillo
Right: fern-leaf symptoms on sensitive tomato. Left: healthy leaf.
Symptoms on tomatoRight: fern-leaf symptoms on sensitive tomato. Left: healthy leaf.©Pasquale Piccirillo
Yellow mosaic "type Aucuba" on leaves of sensitive pepper cultivar.
TitleSymptoms on pepper leaves
CaptionYellow mosaic "type Aucuba" on leaves of sensitive pepper cultivar.
Copyright©Pasquale Piccirillo
Yellow mosaic "type Aucuba" on leaves of sensitive pepper cultivar.
Symptoms on pepper leavesYellow mosaic "type Aucuba" on leaves of sensitive pepper cultivar.©Pasquale Piccirillo
Mosaic and deformation symptoms on fruit of sensitive pepper.
TitleSymptoms on pepper fruit
CaptionMosaic and deformation symptoms on fruit of sensitive pepper.
Copyright©Pasquale Piccirillo
Mosaic and deformation symptoms on fruit of sensitive pepper.
Symptoms on pepper fruitMosaic and deformation symptoms on fruit of sensitive pepper.©Pasquale Piccirillo
Tobacco mosaic virus particles.

Reproduced with permission from IACR Rothamsted: http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
TitleVirus particles
CaptionTobacco mosaic virus particles. Reproduced with permission from IACR Rothamsted: http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
Copyright©IACR-Rothamsted
Tobacco mosaic virus particles.

Reproduced with permission from IACR Rothamsted: http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
Virus particlesTobacco mosaic virus particles. Reproduced with permission from IACR Rothamsted: http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/©IACR-Rothamsted

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Tobacco mosaic virus

Preferred Common Name

  • tobacco mosaic

Other Scientific Names

  • TMV U1, type, vulgare or common strain
  • tobacco mosaic tobamovirus
  • VMT (virus mosaique de tabac)

International Common Names

  • English: marmor tabaci; TMV U1; TMV-type; TMV-vulgare o common strain
  • Spanish: virus del mosaico del tabaco
  • French: mosaïque du tabac; virus de la mosaïque du tabac
  • Russian: virusa tabachnoi mozaiki

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: virus do mosaico do fumo
  • Bulgaria: tyutyuneviya mozaichen virus
  • Czech Republic: viru mozaiky tabaku
  • Germany: Tobak mosaik virus
  • Italy: virus del mosaico del tabacco
  • Netherlands: tabaksmozaïekvirus
  • Poland: wirusy mosaiki tytoniu
  • Romania: virusului mozaicului tutunului

English acronym

  • TMV

EPPO code

  • TMV000 (Tobacco mosaic tobamovirus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Family: Virgoviridae
  •         Genus: Tobamovirus
  •             Species: Tobacco mosaic virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 29 Apr 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresent, Widespread
LibyaPresent, Widespread
NigeriaPresent
TunisiaPresentOriginal citation: Ben-Moussa et al. (2000)
ZambiaPresent

Asia

ChinaPresent, Widespread
-AnhuiPresent
-BeijingPresent
-ChongqingPresent
-FujianPresent
-GuangdongPresent, Widespread
-GuangxiPresent
-HainanPresent, Widespread
-HenanPresent
-HunanPresent, Widespread
-Inner MongoliaPresent
-JiangsuPresent, Widespread
-JiangxiPresent
-JilinPresent, Widespread
-ShaanxiPresent
-ShandongPresent
-ShanxiPresent
-TianjinPresent
-TibetPresent
-XinjiangPresent, Widespread
-YunnanPresent, Widespread
IndiaPresent, Widespread
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-KarnatakaPresent, Widespread
-MaharashtraPresent
IranPresent
JapanPresent, WidespreadOriginal citation: Honda et al. (1990)
-HonshuPresent, Widespread
OmanPresent
PakistanPresent
SingaporePresent, Few occurrences
South KoreaPresent, Widespread
TaiwanPresent, Widespread
TurkeyPresent, Widespread

Europe

BulgariaPresent, Widespread
CzechoslovakiaPresent, WidespreadOriginal citation: Mijativic, 1997
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent, WidespreadOriginal citation: Mijativic, 1997
FrancePresent, WidespreadOriginal citation: Marchoux & Gebre-Selassie, 1989
GermanyPresent, Widespread
GreecePresent
HungaryPresent, WidespreadOriginal citation: Zatyko and Moor (1995)
ItalyPresent, Widespread
LithuaniaPresent
MontenegroPresent
PolandPresent, WidespreadOriginal citation: Kaminska et al., 1996
RussiaPresent, Widespread
SerbiaPresentOriginal citation: Ðekic et al. (2007)
SloveniaPresent
SpainPresent, Widespread
UkrainePresent, Widespread

North America

BermudaPresent
CanadaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-British ColumbiaPresent, Widespread
CubaPresent, Widespread
DominicaPresent
Dominican RepublicPresent
HaitiPresent
JamaicaPresent
MexicoPresent
MontserratPresent
Puerto RicoPresent, Widespread
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresent
Trinidad and TobagoPresent
United StatesPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-AlabamaPresent, Widespread
-CaliforniaPresent, Widespread
-GeorgiaPresent
-MarylandPresent, Widespread
-New YorkPresent

Oceania

SamoaPresentOriginal citation: South Pacific Commission
Solomon IslandsPresentpersonal communication; Original citation: South Pacific Commission
TongaPresentpersonal communication; Original citation: South Pacific Commission

South America

BrazilPresent, Widespread
-ParanaPresent
-Rio Grande do SulPresent
-Santa CatarinaPresent
-Sao PauloPresent
ChilePresent
French GuianaPresent
GuyanaPresent
PeruPresent
SurinamePresent
VenezuelaPresent, Widespread

Growth Stages

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Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal shape
Fruit / lesions: black or brown
Fruit / reduced size
Growing point / distortion
Inflorescence / distortion (non-graminaceous plants)
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Stems / discoloration of bark
Stems / distortion
Whole plant / distortion; rosetting
Whole plant / dwarfing

References

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Abdalla OA, Desjardins PR, Dodds JA, 1991. Identification, disease incidence, and distribution of viruses infecting peppers in California. Plant Disease, 75(10):1019-1023

Alekseev RV, Schcherbinin BM, Tokareva NN, 1974. Transmission of tobacco mosaic virus by tomato seeds and the means for their disinfection. Sb. Nauch. Tr. VNII Oroshaem. Ovoshchevodstva I Bakhchevodstva, 2:77-81

Alekseev RV, Shcherbinin BM, Tokareva NN, 1975. Control of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in tomato seed crops. Sb. Nauch. Tr. VNII Oroshaem. Ovoshchevodstva i Bakhchevodstva, No.3/4:82-87

Alexandre MAV, Soares RM, Rivas EB, Duarte LML, Chagas CM, Saunal H, Regenmortel MHVvan, Richtzehain LJ, 2000. Characterization of a strain of tobacco mosaic virus from Petunia. Journal of Phytopathology, 148(11/12):601-607

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Beczner L, Rochon DM, Hamilton RI, 1997. Characterization of an isolate of pepper mild mottle tobamovirus occurring in Canada. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 19(1):83-88; 47 ref

Ben Moussa A, Makni M, Marrakchi M, 2000. Identification of the principal viruses infecting tomato crops in Tunisia. Bulletin OEPP, 30(2):293-296; 22 ref

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Boyko AL, Zagorodniy YuV, Beiko IV, Polischuk VP, Boyko OA, 1996. Critical state of plants under the influence of viral infection and ecological disbalance. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 30(4):367-370; 3 ref

Boyle JS, Stall RE, Zitter TA, 1992. Confusion over the etiology of graywall or internal browning of tomato. Plant Disease, 76(11):1084-1086

Brioso PST, 1996. Diseases caused by viruses in Capsicum. Informe Agropecua^acute~rio (Belo Horizonte), 18(184):74-80; 85 ref

Bushell GR, Watson GS, Holt SA, Myhra S, 1995. Imaging and nano-dissection of tobacco mosaic virus by atomic force microscopy. Journal of Microscopy, 180(2):174-181

Butorac J, Mustapic Z, Beljo J, 1995. Major morphological properties of the leaf of some Burley tobacco genotypes. Bodenkultur, 46(4):321-329; 20 ref

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Castello JD, Lakshman DK, Tavantzis SM, Rogers SO, Bachand GD, Jagels R, Carlisle RJJ, Liu Y, 1995. Detection of infectious tomato mosaic tobamovirus in fog and clouds. Phytopathology, 85(11):1409-1412; 33 ref

Chatzivassiliou EK, Efthimiou K, Drossos E, Papadopoulou A, Poimenidis G, Katis NI, 2004. A survey of tobacco viruses in tobacco crops and native flora in Greece. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 110(10):1011-1023

Chivasa S, Murphy AM, Naylor M, Carr JP, 1997. Salicylic acid interferes with tobacco mosaic virus replication via a novel salicylhydroxamic acid-sensitive mechanism. Plant Cell, 9(4):547-557; 47 ref

Cicek Y, Yorganci U, 1991. Studies on the incidence of tobacco mosaic virus on certified seed of tomato, pepper and eggplant in Aegean region. Journal of Turkish Phytopathology, 20(2-3):57-68

Cooper B, Lapidot M, Heick JA, Dodds JA, Beachy RN, 1995. A defective movement protein of TMV in transgenic plants confers resistance to multiple viruses whereas the functional analog increases susceptibility. Virology (New York), 206(1):307-313; 30 ref

Cui YH, Qian XQ, Han ZS, Kang LY, Qin BY, Zhang XH, Tian B, 1992. Tobacco virus types and control of the viral diseases in the Yanbian region in northeast China. Acta Microbiologica Sinica, 32(1):47-55

Culver JN, Alwyn GC, Lindbeck GC, Dawson WO, 1991. Virus-host interactions: induction of chlorotic and necrotic responses in plants by tobamoviruses. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 29:193-217

Dardick CD, Culver JN, 1997. Tobamovirus coat proteins: elicitors of the hypersensitive response in Solanum melongena (eggplant). Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 10(6):776-778; 25 ref

Ðekic I, Bulajic A, Zindovic J, Berenji J, Paukovic M, Krstic B, 2007. Identification of Potato Virus Y strains in tobacco crops. (Identifikacija sojeva virusa crticastog mozaika krompira na duvanu.) Pesticidi i Fitomedicina, 22(2):155-163

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Fu MJ, Gao QW, Fan HZ, Fu MJ, Gao QW, Fan HZ, 1997. Advances in identification of tobacco mosaic virus strains. Journal of South China Agricultural University, 18:113-117

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Garcia-Luque I, Ferrero ML, Rodriquez JM, Alonso E, Cruz A de la, Sanz AI, Vaquero C, Tenllado F, Serra MT, Diaz-Ruiz JR, 1992. Characterization of the three pathotypes of the tobamoviruses infecting TMV-resistant pepper crops. Recent advances in vegetable virus research. 7th Conference ISHS Vegetable Virus Working Group, Athens, Greece, July 12-16, 1992. Volos, Greece: Ores Publishing, 97-98

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