Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Tomato ringspot virus
(ringspot of tomato)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Tomato ringspot virus (ringspot of tomato)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Tomato ringspot virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • ringspot of tomato
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Group: "RNA viruses"
  •       Order: Picornavirales
  •         Family: Secoviridae

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Leaf of 'Willamette' red raspberry, naturally infected with tomato ringspot nepovirus, showing general chlorosis of the interveinal tissue.
TitleSymptoms on raspberry leaf
CaptionLeaf of 'Willamette' red raspberry, naturally infected with tomato ringspot nepovirus, showing general chlorosis of the interveinal tissue.
Copyright©Richard Stace-Smith, Vancouver, Canada
Leaf of 'Willamette' red raspberry, naturally infected with tomato ringspot nepovirus, showing general chlorosis of the interveinal tissue.
Symptoms on raspberry leafLeaf of 'Willamette' red raspberry, naturally infected with tomato ringspot nepovirus, showing general chlorosis of the interveinal tissue.©Richard Stace-Smith, Vancouver, Canada
Leaf of 'Willamette' red raspberry, naturally infected with tomato ringspot nepovirus, showing chlorotic markings that are visible in the year following infection.
TitleSymptoms on raspberry leaf
CaptionLeaf of 'Willamette' red raspberry, naturally infected with tomato ringspot nepovirus, showing chlorotic markings that are visible in the year following infection.
Copyright©Richard Stace-Smith, Vancouver, Canada
Leaf of 'Willamette' red raspberry, naturally infected with tomato ringspot nepovirus, showing chlorotic markings that are visible in the year following infection.
Symptoms on raspberry leafLeaf of 'Willamette' red raspberry, naturally infected with tomato ringspot nepovirus, showing chlorotic markings that are visible in the year following infection.©Richard Stace-Smith, Vancouver, Canada
Fruit from 'Fairview' red raspberry infected with tomato ringspot nepovirus, showing reduced drupelet set, abnormal shape, and small size.
TitleSymptoms on raspberry fruits
CaptionFruit from 'Fairview' red raspberry infected with tomato ringspot nepovirus, showing reduced drupelet set, abnormal shape, and small size.
Copyright©Richard Stace-Smith, Vancouver, Canada
Fruit from 'Fairview' red raspberry infected with tomato ringspot nepovirus, showing reduced drupelet set, abnormal shape, and small size.
Symptoms on raspberry fruitsFruit from 'Fairview' red raspberry infected with tomato ringspot nepovirus, showing reduced drupelet set, abnormal shape, and small size.©Richard Stace-Smith, Vancouver, Canada
Systemic chlorosis and tip distortion symptoms on a peach (Prunus persicae) seedling following sap-inoculation with tomato ringspot nepovirus.
TitleSymptoms on peach seedling
CaptionSystemic chlorosis and tip distortion symptoms on a peach (Prunus persicae) seedling following sap-inoculation with tomato ringspot nepovirus.
Copyright©Richard Stace-Smith, Vancouver, Canada
Systemic chlorosis and tip distortion symptoms on a peach (Prunus persicae) seedling following sap-inoculation with tomato ringspot nepovirus.
Symptoms on peach seedlingSystemic chlorosis and tip distortion symptoms on a peach (Prunus persicae) seedling following sap-inoculation with tomato ringspot nepovirus.©Richard Stace-Smith, Vancouver, Canada
Prunus constriction disease (cause: tomato ringspot virus) of Stanley plum variety on  Myrobalan  rootstock.  Bark removed to show wood.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionPrunus constriction disease (cause: tomato ringspot virus) of Stanley plum variety on Myrobalan rootstock. Bark removed to show wood.
CopyrightRichard Stouffer
Prunus constriction disease (cause: tomato ringspot virus) of Stanley plum variety on  Myrobalan  rootstock.  Bark removed to show wood.
SymptomsPrunus constriction disease (cause: tomato ringspot virus) of Stanley plum variety on Myrobalan rootstock. Bark removed to show wood.Richard Stouffer

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Tomato ringspot virus

Preferred Common Name

  • ringspot of tomato

Other Scientific Names

  • blackberry (Himalaya) mosaic virus
  • Euonymus chlorotic ringspot virus
  • Euonymus ringspot virus
  • grape yellow vein virus
  • grapevine yellow vein virus
  • Nicotiana 13 virus
  • peach stem pitting virus
  • prune brown line virus
  • Prunus stem pitting virus
  • red currant mosaic virus
  • tobacco ringspot virus 2
  • tomato ringspot nepovirus
  • ToRSV
  • winter peach mosaic virus

International Common Names

  • English: apple union necrosis; chlorosis of pelargonium; grapevine yellow vein; peach yellow bud mosaic; prunus stem pitting; redcurrant chlorosis mosaic; yellow blotch curl of raspberry; yellow bud mosaic of peach; yellow vein of grapevine

Local Common Names

  • USA: American currant mosaic; brownline disease of prune; decline in red raspberry; Himalaya blackberry mosaic; ringspot disease of raspberry; stempitting of peach

EPPO code

  • TORSV0 (Tomato ringspot nepovirus)

Subspecies

  • apple union necrosis nepovirus

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Group: "RNA viruses"
  •             Order: Picornavirales
  •                 Family: Secoviridae
  •                     Subfamily: Comovirinae
  •                         Genus: Nepovirus
  •                             Species: Tomato ringspot virus

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 15 Jul 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
TogoPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
TunisiaAbsent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2015)

Asia

ChinaPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-ZhejiangPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
IndiaPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-Himachal PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
IranPresent, WidespreadSafaeizadeh and Saidi (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015); Sattary et al. (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
IsraelAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2015)
JapanPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-HokkaidoPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-HonshuPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
JordanPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2015)
OmanPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
PakistanPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
South KoreaPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
TaiwanPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2015)
TurkeyPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)

Europe

BelarusPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
BelgiumAbsentEPPO (2020)
BulgariaAbsent, Formerly present1978CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
CroatiaPresent, Few occurrences1973CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
CyprusAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2015)
CzechiaAbsent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
DenmarkAbsent, EradicatedChristensen and Paludan (1978); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
FinlandAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)Bremer (1983); CABI and EPPO (2015)
FrancePresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
GermanyPresent, Transient under eradicationCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
GreeceAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2015)
IrelandAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
ItalyAbsent, EradicatedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2015)
LithuaniaPresentMetspalu and Mitt (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
NetherlandsPresent, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2020); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015)
NorwayAbsent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
PolandPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
PortugalAbsent, Intercepted onlyCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
RussiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-Central RussiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-Russian Far EastPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
SerbiaAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020); Mijatovic et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015)
Serbia and MontenegroPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998)
SlovakiaPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
SloveniaAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2015)
SwedenAbsent, Formerly present1972Ryden (1972); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
United KingdomAbsent, EradicatedEPPO (2020); HOLLINGS et al. (1972); CABI and EPPO (2015);
-EnglandAbsent, EradicatedEPPO (2020)

North America

CanadaPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-British ColumbiaPresentStace-Smith (1962); CONVERSE et al. (1970); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-ManitobaPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-New BrunswickPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-OntarioPresent, LocalizedStace-Smith (1962); KEMP (1969); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-QuebecPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
MexicoPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
Puerto RicoPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
United StatesPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2015)
-AlabamaPresentConeva et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-ArkansasPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaPresentALCORN et al. (1955); FRAZIER et al. (1961); GOODING (1963); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-ColoradoPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-ConnecticutPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-DelawarePresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-FloridaPresentBOZARTH and CORBETT (1958); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-GeorgiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-IllinoisPresentJossey and Babadoost (2008); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-IndianaPresentImle and Samson (1937); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-KansasPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-KentuckyPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-MarylandPresentGoff and Corbett (1977); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-MassachusettsPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-MichiganPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-MinnesotaPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-MissouriPresentLunden et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-MontanaPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-New HampshirePresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-New JerseyPresentPRICE (1936); HILDEBRAND (1942); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-New MexicoPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-New YorkPresentUYEMOTO (1970); Hibben and Reese (1983); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-North CarolinaPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-OhioPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); Yao et al. (2018); EPPO (2020)
-OklahomaPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-OregonPresentVaughan et al. (1951); CONVERSE et al. (1970); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-PennsylvaniaPresentSMITH and TRAYLOR (1969); Powell et al. (1984); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-South CarolinaPresentReddick et al. (1979); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-TennesseePresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-TexasPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-UtahPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-VirginiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-WashingtonPresentVaughan et al. (1951); CONVERSE et al. (1970); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-West VirginiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-WisconsinPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-WyomingPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)

Oceania

AustraliaAbsent, EradicatedCABI (Undated); IPPC (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)Original citation: Biosecurity Australia, 2010, personal communication
-South AustraliaAbsent, EradicatedCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)Original citation: Biosecurity Australia, 2010, personal communication
FijiPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
New ZealandPresent, Few occurrencesFry and Wood (1978); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)

South America

ArgentinaAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)Original citation: SENASA, personal communication, 2009
BrazilPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
-Rio Grande do SulPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
ChilePresent, LocalizedAuger and Converse (1982); Herrera M. and Madariaga V. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2015); Rivera et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
ColombiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
PeruPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
VenezuelaPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal shape
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Leaves / necrotic areas
Whole plant / dwarfing
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

Top of page
VectorSourceReferenceGroupDistribution
Xiphinema americanumNematode
Xiphinema rivesiForer and Stouffer, 1982. NematodeUSA

References

Top of page

Alcorn SM, Wilhelm S, Thomas HE, 1955. A mosaic disease of Himalaya blackberry. Phytopathology, 45:272-274

Auger J, Converse RH, 1982. Raspberry bushy dwarf and tomato ringspot viruses in Chilean red raspberries. Acta Horticulturae, 129:9

Bancroft JB, 1968. Tomato top necrosis virus. Phytopathology, 58:1360-1363

Bozarth RF, Corbett MK, 1958. Tomato ringspot virus associated with stub or stub head disease of gladiolus in Florida. Plant Disease Reporter, 42:217-221

Braun AJ, Keplinger JA, 1973. Seed transmission of tomato ringspot virus in raspberry. Plant Disease Reporter, 57(5):431-432

Bremer K, 1983. Viral diseases occurring on Ribes species in Finland. Annales Agriculturae Fenniae, 22(2):104-109

Brierley P, 1954. Symptoms in florists' hydrangea caused by tomato ringspot virus and an unidentified sap-transmissible virus. Phytopathology, 44:696-699

Brunt A, Crabtree K, Dallwitz MJ, Gibbs A, Watson L, 1990. Viruses of Tropical Plants-Descriptions and Lists from the VIDE Database. Wallingford, UK: CAB International/ACIAR, 446-447

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp

CABI/EPPO, 2012. Tomato ringspot virus. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No.April. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 771 (Edition 2)

CABI/EPPO, 2015. Tomato ringspot virus. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No.April. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 771 (Edition 3)

Christensen OV, Paludan N, 1978. Growth and flowering of pelargonium infected with tomato ringspot virus. Journal of Horticultural Science, 53(3):209-213

Chu PWG, Francki RIB, Hatta T, 1983. Some properties of tomato ringspot virus isolated from Pentas lanceolata in South Australia. Plant Pathology, 32(3):353-356

Coneva E, Murphy JF, Boozer R, Velasquez N, 2010. Incidence and distribution of viruses in blackberry (Rubus sp.) in Alabama. International Journal of Fruit Science, 10(1):87-95. http://www.haworthpress.com/store/product.asp?sku=J492

Constable FE, Joyce PA, Rodoni BC, 2007. A survey of key Australian pome fruit growing districts for exotic and endemic pathogens. Australasian Plant Pathology, 36(2):165-172. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/39.htm

Converse RH, 1978. Detection of tomato ringspot virus in red raspberry by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Plant disease Reporter, 62(3):189-192

Converse RH, Stace-Smith R, 1971. Rate of spread and effect of tomato ringspot virus on red raspberry in the field. Phytopathology, 61:1104-1106

Converse RH, Stace-Smith R, 1987. Tomato ringspot virus in strawberry. In: Converse RH, ed. Virus Diseases of Small Fruits. Washington, USA: USDA, Agriculture Handbook, 631:52-54

Converse RH, Stace-Smith R, Johnson F, 1970. Virus diseases observed in cultivated red raspberries in the Pacific Northwest. Plant Disease Reporter, 54:701-703

Cook RP, Dubé AJ, 1989. Host-pathogen index of plant diseases in South Australia. South Australian Department of Agriculture, 142 pp

Cui XueHui, Chen ShunSheng, Yu Cui, Yang CuiYun, 2012. Synchronous detection of 3 kinds of quarantine viruses by multiplex RT-PCR method. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai, 28(2):25-29

Daubeny HA, Freeman JA, Stace-Smith R, 1975. Effects of tomato ringspot virus on drupelet set of red raspberry cultivars. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 55(3):755-759

Dias HF, 1977. Incidence and geographic distribution of tomato ringspot virus in DeChaunac vineyards in the Niagara Peninsula. Plant Disease Reporter, 61(1):24-28

Dickmann M, Frison EA, Putter T, eds, 1994. FAO/IPGRI Technical Guidelines for the Safe Movement of Small Fruit Germplasm. Rome, Italy: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations/International Plant Genetics Resources Institute

EPPO, 2012. EPPO Reporting Service. EPPO Reporting Service. Paris, France: EPPO. http://archives.eppo.org/EPPOReporting/Reporting_Archives.htm

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Forer LB, Stouffer RF, 1982. Xiphinema spp. associated with tomato ringspot virus infection of Pennsylvania fruit crops. Plant Disease, 66(8):735-736

Frazier NW, Yarwood CE, Gold AH, 1961. Yellow-bud virus endemic along the California coast. Plant Disease Reporter, 45:649-651

Freeman JA, Stace-Smith R, Daubeny HA, 1975. Effects of tomato ringspot virus on the growth and yield of red raspberry. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 55(3):749-754

Frison EA, Ikin R(Editors), 1991. FAO/IBPGR technical guidelines for the safe movement of grapevine germplasm. Rome, Italy; FAO/IBPGR, 54 pp

Fry PR, Wood GA, 1978. Two berry fruit virus diseases newly recorded in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 21(3):543-547

Goff LM, Corbett MK, 1977. Association of tomato ringspot virus with a chlorotic leaf streak of Cymbidium orchids. Phytopathology, 67(9):1096-1100

Gonsalves D, 1979. Detection of tomato ringspot virus in grapevines: a comparison of Chenopodium quinoa and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Plant Disease Reporter, 63(11):962-965

Gonsalves D, Cummins JN, Rosenberger DA, 1983. Report of the New York Agricultural Experiment Station, Cornell University for l983. Geneva, NY

Gooding GV, 1963. Purification and serology of a virus associated with the grape yellow-vein disease. Phytopathology, 53:475-480

Gooding GV, Teliz D, 1970. Grapevine yellow vein. In: Frazier NW, ed. Virus Diseases of Small Fruits and Grapevines. Berkeley, USA: University of California, 238-241

Gordejchuk OG, Krylov AV, Krylova NV, Samonina IN, 1977. Virus diseases of berry crops in the Soviet Far East I. Identification of some mechanically transmitted viruses, detected in Primorye Territory. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene, 2, 132(8):686-707

Herrera MG, Madariaga VM, 2001. Presence and incidence of grapevine viruses in the central zone of Chile. Agricultura Te^acute~cnica, 61(4):393-400; 17 ref

Hibben CR, Reese JA, 1983. Identification of tomato ringspot virus and mycoplasma-like organisms in stump sprouts of ash. Phytopathology, 73:367

Hildebrand EM, 1942. Tomato ringspot on currant. American Journal of Botany, 29:362-366

Hollings M, Stone OM, Dale WT, 1972. Tomato ringspot virus in pelargonium in England. Plant Pathology, 21:46-47

Hoy JW, Mircetich SM, Lownsbery BF, 1984. Differential transmission of Prunus tomato ringspot virus strains by Xiphinema californicum. Phytopathology, 74(3):332-335

Imle EP, Samson RW, 1937. Studies on a ringspot type of virus of tomato. Phytopathology, 27:132

IPPC, 2013. Absence of Tomato ringspot virus from Australia. IPPC Official Pest Report, No. AUS-58/2, No. AUS-58/2. Rome, Italy: FAO. https://www.ippc.int/countries/pestreport/

Iwaki M, Komuro Y, 1971. Viruses isolated from narcissus (Narcissus spp.) in Japan. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 37:108-116

Jones AT, Murant AF, 1971. Serological relationship between cherry leaf roll, elm mosaic and golden elderberry mosaic viruses. Annals of Applied Biology, 69:11-15

Jordovic M, Dimitrijevic B, Rankovic M, 1972. Identifikacija virusa prstenaste pegavosti paradajza (tomato ringspot virus) na malini u Jugoslavija. [Identification of tomato ringspot virus on raspberry in Yugoslavia]. Zastita Bilja, 23:147-158

Jossey S, Babadoost M, 2008. Occurrence and distribution of pumpkin and squash viruses in Illinois. Plant Disease, 92(1):61-68. HTTP://www.apsnet.org

Kahn RP, 1956. Seed transmission of the tomato ringspot virus in the Lincoln variety of soybeans. Phytopathology, 46:295

Kemp WG, 1969. Detection of tomato ringspot virus in pelargonium in Ontario. Canadian Plant Disease Survey, 49:1-4

Lamberti F, Bleve-Zacheo T, 1979. Studies on Xiphinema americanum sensu lato with descriptions of fifteen new species (Nematoda, Longidoridae). Nematologia Mediterranea, 7(1):51-106

Lunden S, Meng BaoZhong, Avery J Jr, Qiu WP, 2010. Association of Grapevine fanleaf virus, Tomato ringspot virus and Grapevine rupestris stem pitting-associated virus with a grapevine vein-clearing complex on var. Chardonnay. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 126(2):135-144. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=100265

Maat DZ, van Hoof HA, 1974. Virology. Institute for Phytopathological Research Report for 1973, 30-37. Wageningen, Netherlands

McKeen CD, 1960. An occurrence of tomato ringspot virus on greenhouse cucumber in Ontario. Proceedings of the Canadian Phytopathological Society, 27:14-15

Mellor FC, Stace-Smith R, 1963. Reaction of strawberry to a ringspot virus from raspberry. Canadian Journal of Botany, 41:865-870

Mijatovic M, Zdravkovic J, Markovic Z, Obradovic A, 2000. Disease intensity of some tomato viruses in Serbia. EUCARPIA TOMATO '2000. XIV meeting of the EUCARPIA Tomato Working Group, Warsaw, Poland, 20-24 August 2000. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 22(3):332-335

Mitt S, 2000. Natural occurrence of tomato ringspot nepovirus in ornamental plants in Lithuania. Navalinskiene M, Samuitiene M, Metspalu L, eds. Proceedings of the International Conference: Development of environmentally friendly plant protection in the Baltic Region. Transactions of the Estonian Agricultural University, Agronomy, No. 209:140-143

Mountain WL, Powell CA, Forer LB, Stouffer RF, 1983. Transmission of tomato ringspot virus from dandelion via seed and dagger nematodes. Plant Disease, 67(8):867-868

Nyland G, Goheen AC, 1969. Heat therapy of virus diseases of perennial plants. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 7:331-354

Ostazeski SA, Scott HA, 1966. Natural occurrence of tomato ringspot virus in birdsfoot-trefoil. Phytopathology, 56:585-586

Parish CL, Converse RH, 1981. Tomato ringspot virus associated with apple union necrosis and decline in western United States. Plant Disease, 65(3):261-263

Powell CA, Forer LB, Stouffer RF, 1982. Reservoirs of tomato ringspot virus in fruit orchards. Plant Disease, 66(7):583-584

Powell CA, Forer LB, Stouffer RF, Cummins JN, Gonsalves D, Rosenberger DA, Hoffman J, Lister RM, 1984. Orchard weeds as hosts of tomato ringspot and tobacco ringspot viruses. Plant Disease, 68(3):242-244

Price WC, 1936. Specificity of acquired immunity from tobacco ring-spot diseases. Phytopathology, 26:665-675

Ramsdell DC, 1987. Tomato ringspot virus in blueberry. In: Converse RH, ed. Virus Diseases of Small Fruits. Washington, USA: USDA, Agriculture Handbook No. 631, 117-118

Reddick BB, Barnett OW, Baxter LW Jr, 1979. Isolation of cherry leafroll, tobacco ringspot, and tomato ringspot viruses from dogwood trees in South Carolina. Plant Disease Reporter, 63(7):529-532

Rivera L, Zamorano A, Fiore N, 2016. Genetic divergence of tomato ringspot virus. Archives of Virology, 161(5):1395-1399. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00705-016-2775-1

Rosenberger DA, Harrison MB, Gonsalves D, 1983. Incidence of apple union necrosis and decline, tomato ringspot virus, and Xiphinema vector species in Hudson Valley orchards. Plant Disease, 67(4):356-360

Ryden K, 1972. Pelargonium ringspot - a virus disease caused by tomato ringspot virus in Sweden. Phytopatholische Zeitschrift, 73:178-182

Safaeizadeh M, Saidi A, 2011. First report of Tomato ringspot virus on tomato in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology, 93(4, Supplement):S4.78. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/issue/view/118

Samson RW, Imle EP, 1942. A ring-spot type of virus disease of tomato. Phytopathology, 32:1137-1147

Sattary M, Rakhshanderoo F, Mozafari J, 2015. First report of a mosaic disease caused by Tomato ringspot virus on rose and almond plants in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology, 97(2):393. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3357/2027

Scarborough BA, Smith SH, 1977. Effects of tobacco- and tomato ringspot viruses on the reproductive tissues of Pelargonium X hortorum. Phytopathology, 67(3):292-297

Schlocker A, Traylor JA, 1976. Yellow bud mosaic. In: Virus Diseases and Noninfectious Disorders of Stone Fruits in North America. USDA, Agriculture Handbook 437, 156-165. Washington, USA: USDA

Smith SH, Stouffer RF, Soulen DM, 1973. Induction of stem pitting in peaches by mechanical inoculation with tomato ringspot virus. Phytopathology, 63:1404-1406

Smith SH, Traylor JA, 1969. Stem pitting of yellow-bud mosaic virus infected peaches. Plant Disease Reporter, 53:666-667

Sokhansanj Y, Rakhshandehroo F, Pourrahim R, 2012. First report of Tomato ringspot virus infecting pepper in Iran. Plant Disease, 96(12):1828-1829. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Sokhansanj Y, Rakhshandehroo F, Pourrahim R, 2012. First report of Tomato ringspot virus on eggplant in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology, 94(4, Supplement):S4.94. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/

Spiegel S, Frison EA, Converse RH, 1993. Recent developments in therapy and virus-detection procedures for international movement of clonal plant germ plasm. Plant Disease, 77(12):1176-1180

Stace-Smith R, 1962. Studies on Rubus virus diseases in British Columbia. IX. Ringspot disease of red raspberry. Canadian Journal of Botany, 40:651-657

Stace-Smith R, 1984. Tomato ringspot virus. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses No. 290, 4pp. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biology

Stace-Smith R, Converse RH, 1987. Tomato ringspot virus in Rubus. In: Converse RH, ed. Virus Diseases of Small Fruits. Washington, USA: USDA, Agricultural Handbook No. 631, 223-227

Stace-Smith R, Ramsdell DC, 1987. Nepoviruses of the Americas. In: Harris KF, ed. Current Topics in Vector Research, Vol. 3. New York, USA: Springer-Verlag, 131-166

Stouffer RF, Hickey KD, Welsh MF, 1977. Apple union necrosis and decline. Plant Disease Reporter, 61(1):20-24

Taylor CE, Brown DJF, 1981. Nematode-virus interactions. In: Zuckerman BM, Rohde RA, eds. Plant parasitic nematodes. Volume III. New York, USA/London, UK: Academic Press Inc., 281-301

Teliz D, Grogan RG, Lownsbery BF, 1966. Transmission of tomato ringspot, peach yellow bud mosaic, and grape yellow vein diseases by Xiphinema americanum. Phytopathology, 56:658-663

Torre-Almaraz Rde la, TTliz-Ortiz D, Cßrdenas-Soriano E, Barr=n-Rodrfguez BL, Garcfa-Latorre E, Cßrdenas-Alonso M, Rivera-Bustamante R, Valverde RA, 1998. Identification of a viral complex in tomatillo (Physalis ixocarpa B.) in the Central region of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatologi^acute~a, 16(1):1-11; 47 ref

Uyemoto JK, 1970. Symptomatically distinct strains of tomato ringspot virus isolated from grape and elderberry. Phytopathology, 60:1838-1841

Varney EH, Moore JD, 1952. Strain of tomato ringspot virus from American elm. Phytopathology, 42:476-477

Vaughan EK, Johnson F, Fitzpatrick RE, Stace-Smith R, 1951. Diseases observed on bramble fruits in the Pacific Northwest. Plant Disease Reporter, 35:34-37

Wen WeiGang, Cui JunXia, Sheng Lei, 2007. Detection of Tobacco ringspot virus and Tomato ringspot virus by semi-nested RT-PCR. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, 34(1):61-66. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn

Yao, X. L., Han, J., Domier, L. L., Qu, F., Ivey, M. L. L., 2018. First report of Tomato ringspot virus in an Ohio vineyard. Plant Disease, 102(1), 259. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis doi: 10.1094/PDIS-08-17-1153-PDN

Zhu JianYu, Zhu ShuiFang, Liao XiaoLan, Gao BiDa, 2003. Detection of Tomato ring spot virus by real-time fluorescent RT-PCR one step assay. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 33(4):338-341

Distribution References

ALCORN S M , WILHELM S , THOMAS H E, 1955. A mosaic disease of Himalaya Blackberry. Phytopathology. 45 (5), 272-274 pp.

Auger J, Converse RH, 1982. Raspberry bushy dwarf and tomato ringspot viruses in Chilean red raspberries. In: Acta Horticulturae, 129 9.

BOZARTH R F , CORBETT M K, 1958. Tomato ringspot virus associated with stunt or stub head disease of Gladiolus in Florida. Plant Disease Reporter. 42 (2), 217-221 pp.

Bremer K, 1983. Viral diseases occurring on Ribes species in Finland. Annales Agriculturae Fenniae. 22 (2), 104-109.

CAB International, European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith, I. M. and Charles, L. M. F.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. xviii + 768 pp.

CABI, EPPO, 2015. Tomato ringspot virus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CABI. Map 771 (Edition 3).

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Christensen O V, Paludan N, 1978. Growth and flowering of pelargonium infected with tomato ringspot virus. Journal of Horticultural Science. 53 (3), 209-213.

Coneva E, Murphy J F, Boozer R, Velasquez N, 2010. Incidence and distribution of viruses in blackberry (Rubus sp.) in Alabama. International Journal of Fruit Science. 10 (1), 87-95. http://www.haworthpress.com/store/product.asp?sku=J492 DOI:10.1080/15538361003676827

CONVERSE R H, STAGE SMITH R, JOHNSON F, 1970. Virus diseases observed on cultivated Red Raspberries in the Pacific Northwest. Plant Disease Reporter. 54 (8), 701-703.

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

FRAZIER N W , YARWOOD C E , GOLD A H, 1961. Yellow bud virus endemic along California coast. Plant Disease Reporter. 45 (8), 649-651 pp.

Fry P R, Wood G A, 1978. Two berry fruit virus diseases newly recorded in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research. 21 (3), 543-547.

Goff L M, Corbett M K, 1977. Association of tomato ringspot virus with a chlorotic leaf streak of Cymbidium orchids. Phytopathology. 67 (9), 1096-1100. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-67-1096

GOODING G V, 1963. Purification and serology of a virus associated with the Grape yellow vein disease. Phytopathology. 53 (4), 475-480 pp.

Herrera M G, Madariaga V M, 2001. Presence and incidence of grapevine viruses in the central zone of Chile. (Presencia e incidencia de virus de la vid en la zona Central de Chile.). Agricultura Técnica. 61 (4), 393-400.

Hibben CR, Reese JA, 1983. Identification of tomato ringspot virus and mycoplasma-like organisms in stump sprouts of ash. In: Phytopathology, 73 367.

HILDEBRAND E M, 1942. Tomato ringspot on Currant. American Journal of Botany. 29 (5), 362-366 pp. DOI:10.2307/2437219

HOLLINGS M, STONE OLWEN, DALE W T, 1972. Tomato ringspot virus in Pelargonium in England. Plant Pathology. 21 (1), 46-47. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.1972.tb01722.x

Imle E P, Samson R W, 1937. Studies on a ring-spot type of virus of Tomato. Phytopathology. 27 (2), 132 p.

IPPC, 2013. Absence of Tomato ringspot virus from Australia. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, No. AUS-58/2, Rome, Italy: FAO. https://www.ippc.int/countries/pestreport/

Jossey S, Babadoost M, 2008. Occurrence and distribution of pumpkin and squash viruses in Illinois. Plant Disease. 92 (1), 61-68. HTTP://www.apsnet.org DOI:10.1094/PDIS-92-1-0061

KEMP W G, 1969. Detection of Tomato ringspot virus in Pelargonium in Ontario. Canadian Plant Disease Survey. 49 (1), 1-4.

Lunden S, Meng BaoZhong, Avery J Jr, Qiu W P, 2010. Association of Grapevine fanleaf virus, Tomato ringspot virus and Grapevine rupestris stem pitting-associated virus with a grapevine vein-clearing complex on var. Chardonnay. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 126 (2), 135-144. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=100265 DOI:10.1007/s10658-009-9527-y

Metspalu L, Mitt S, 2000. Proceedings of the International Conference: Development of environmentally friendly plant protection in the Baltic Region, Tartu, Estonia, September 28-29, 2000. Transactions of the Estonian Agricultural University, Agronomy. 248 pp.

Mijatovic M, Zdravkovic J, Markovic Z, Obradovic A, 2000. Disease intensity of some tomato viruses in Serbia. EUCARPIA TOMATO '2000. XIV meeting of the EUCARPIA Tomato Working Group, Warsaw, Poland, 20-24 August 2000. In: Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 22 (3) 332-335.

NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013. Pest status of harmful organisms in the Netherlands., Wageningen, Netherlands:

Powell C A, Forer L B, Stouffer R F, Cummins J N, Gonsalves D, Rosenberger D A, Hoffman J, Lister R M, 1984. Orchard weeds as hosts of tomato ringspot and tobacco ringspot viruses. Plant Disease. 68 (3), 242-244. DOI:10.1094/PD-69-242

PRICE W C, 1936. Specificity of acquired immunity from Tobacco-ring-spot diseases. Phytopathology. 26 (7), 665-675 pp.

Reddick B B, Barnett O W, Baxter L W Jr, 1979. Isolation of cherry leafroll, tobacco ringspot, and tomato ringspot viruses from dogwood trees in South Carolina. Plant Disease Reporter. 63 (7), 529-532.

Rivera L, Zamorano A, Fiore N, 2016. Genetic divergence of tomato ringspot virus. Archives of Virology. 161 (5), 1395-1399. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00705-016-2775-1 DOI:10.1007/s00705-016-2775-1

Ryden K, 1972. Pelargonium ringspot - a virus disease caused by tomato ringspot virus in Sweden. In: Phytopatholische Zeitschrift, 73 178-182.

Safaeizadeh M, Saidi A, 2011. First report of Tomato ringspot virus on tomato in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology. 93 (4, Supplement), S4.78. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/issue/view/118

Sattary M, Rakhshanderoo F, Mozafari J, 2015. First report of a mosaic disease caused by Tomato ringspot virus on rose and almond plants in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology. 97 (2), 393. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3357/2027

SMITH S H, TRAYLOR J A, 1969. Stem pitting of yellow bud mosaic virus-infected Peaches. Plant Disease Reporter. 53 (8), 666-667 pp.

Stace-Smith R, 1962. Studies on Rubus virus diseases in British Columbia. IX. Ringspot disease of red raspberry. In: Canadian Journal of Botany, 40 651-657.

UYEMOTO J K, 1970. Symptomatically distinct strains of Tomato ringspot virus isolated from Grape and Elderberry. Phytopathology. 60 (12), 1838-1841. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-60-1838

Vaughan E K, Johnson F, Fitzpatrick R E, Stace-Smith R, 1951. Diseases observed on bramble fruits in the Pacific Northwest. Plant Disease Reporter. 34-37.

Yao X L, Han J, Domier L L, Qu F, Ivey M L L, 2018. First report of Tomato ringspot virus in an Ohio vineyard. Plant Disease. 102 (1), 259. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-17-1153-PDN

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map