Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Tomato bushy stunt virus
(Lycopersicon virus 4)

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Datasheet

Tomato bushy stunt virus (Lycopersicon virus 4)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Tomato bushy stunt virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Lycopersicon virus 4
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Group: "RNA viruses"
  •       Family: Tombusviridae
  •         Genus: Tombusvirus

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Tomato bushy stunt tombusvirus particles.

Reproduced with permission from IACR Rothamsted: http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
TitleVirus particles
CaptionTomato bushy stunt tombusvirus particles. Reproduced with permission from IACR Rothamsted: http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
CopyrightIACR-Rothamsted
Tomato bushy stunt tombusvirus particles.

Reproduced with permission from IACR Rothamsted: http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
Virus particlesTomato bushy stunt tombusvirus particles. Reproduced with permission from IACR Rothamsted: http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/ IACR-Rothamsted

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Tomato bushy stunt virus

Preferred Common Name

  • Lycopersicon virus 4

Other Scientific Names

  • tomato bushy stunt tombusvirus

International Common Names

  • Portuguese: emanjericado do tomateiro

Local Common Names

  • France: Rabrougissement buissoneux de la tomate
  • Germany: Tomatenzwergbusch
  • Italy: rachitismo cespuglioso del pomodoro

English acronym

  • TBSV

EPPO code

  • TBSV00 (Tomato bushy stunt tombusvirus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Group: "RNA viruses"
  •             Family: Tombusviridae
  •                 Genus: Tombusvirus
  •                     Species: Tomato bushy stunt virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

MoroccoPresentFischer and Lockhart (1977); EPPO (2020)
TunisiaPresent, LocalizedNativeCherif (1981); Cherif and Spire (1983)

Asia

AfghanistanAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
JapanPresentOhki et al. (2006)
PakistanPresentHassan et al. (1993)
SingaporePresent, Few occurrencesAVA (2001)

Europe

AustriaPresentEPPO (2020)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Jerkovic-Mujkic and Be?ta (2008)
CzechiaPresentChod (2000)
CzechoslovakiaPresentPolák (1994)
GermanyPresent, LocalizedNativeKegler and Kegler (1980)
GreecePresent, LocalizedNativeKoenig and Avgelis (1983)
IrelandPresent, LocalizedNativeSMITH (1935)
ItalyPresentGigante (1955); EPPO (2020)
PolandAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
PortugalPresent, LocalizedNativeBorges et al. (1979)
SpainPresent, LocalizedNativeLuis-Arteaga et al. (1996)
United KingdomPresentEPPO (2020)
-EnglandPresentEPPO (2020)
-Northern IrelandPresentEPPO (2020)
-ScotlandPresentEPPO (2020)

North America

CanadaPresentEPPO (2020)
-OntarioPresentALLEN (1969); EPPO (2020)
MexicoPresentGonzález Franco et al. (2014)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-CaliforniaPresent, LocalizedNativeGerik et al. (1990)

South America

ArgentinaPresentPONTIS et al. (1968); EPPO (2020)
PeruPresent, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Fribourg, 1983
SurinamePresentEPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal shape
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Stems / stunting or rosetting
Whole plant / dwarfing
Whole plant / early senescence
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

References

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Allen WR, 1969. Occurrence and seed transmission of tomato bushy stunt virus in apple. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 49:797-799.

Appiano A; D'Agostino G; Bassi M; Barbieri N; Viale G; Dell'Orto P, 1986. Origin and function of tomato bushy stunt virus-induced inclusion bodies II. Quantitative electron microscope autoradiography and immunogold cytochemistry. Journal of Ultrastructure and Molecular Structure Research, 97(1-3):31-38

AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services, Plant Health Centre, Agri-food & Veterinary Authority, Singapore.

Barbarossa L; Grieco F; Iosco P; Gallitelli D, 1994. Use of the polymerase chain reaction and sandwich-hybridization for detecting artichoke mottled crinkle tombusvirus in artichoke. Journal of Phytopathology, 140(3):201-208

Bassi M; Barbieri N; Appiano A; D'Agostino G, 1986. Origin and function of tomato bushy stunt virus-induced inclusion bodies. 1. Differential staining, cytochemistry, and serial sectioning. Journal of Ultrastructure and Molecular Structure Research, 96(1-3):194-203

Borges ML; Sequeira OA; Louro D, 1979. Aparecimento em Portugal do virus do emanjericado do tomateiro (tomato bushy stunt virus). Hospedeiros, morfologia e localizacao nas celulas de pimenteiro. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 18:118-122.

Chang YC; Lee SC; Lin IJ, 2005. Development and application of a rapid detection method for the genus Tombusvirus. Plant Pathology Bulletin, 14(1):41-50.

Cherif C, 1981. Contribution a la connaissance du virus du rabougrissement buissonneux de la tomate (tomato bushy stunt virus) en Tunisie. ThFse Diplome Docteur 3eme Cycle. Paris, France: Université P. et M. Curie.

Cherif C; Spire D, 1983. Identification of tomato bushy stunt virus in Tunisia on tomato, Capsicum annuum and aubergine: some characteristics of the Tunisian strain. Agronomie, 3(7):701-706

Chod J, 2000. Breeding sugar beet for virus resistance - Part 1. Virus diagnoses and their potential in breeding for virus resistance. (Metody ?lechtení na odolnost k virovým chorobám cukrovky - cást I.: diagnostické metody viru cukrovky se zretelem na vyuzití ve ?lechtení na rezistenci.) Listy Cukrovarnické a Reparské, 116(3):86-87.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Fischer HU; Lockhart BEL, 1977. Identification and comparison of two isolates of tomato bushy stunt virus from pepper and tomato in Morocco. Phytopathology, 67(11):1352-1355

Gallitelli D; Hull R; Koenig R, 1985. Relationships among viruses in the tombusvirus group: nucleic acid hybridization studies. Journal of General Virology, 66:1523-1532.

Gerik JS; Duffus JE; Perry R; Stenger DC; Maren AFvan, 1990. Etiology of tomato plant decline in the California desert. Phytopathology, 80(12):1352-1356

Gigante R, 1955. Il rachitismo cespuglioso del pomodoro. Bollettino della Stazione di Patologia Vegetale di Roma, 12:43-56.

González Franco AC; Gill Langarica EM; Robles Hernández L; Núñez Barrios A; Pérez Leal R; Hernández Rodríguez OA; Pérez Moreno L, 2014. Detection of virus affecting chilli pepper crop (Capsicum annuum L.) in Chihuahua, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología, 32(1):38-51. http://infit.org.mx/socmexfito/RevistaSMF/Vol3212014/Integrado/VOLUMEN3212014.pdf

Hassan S; Arif M; Defoer T, 1993. Etiological studies of viral diseases of tomato in Malakand Agency of North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 9(1):27-35

Hearne PQ; Knorr DA; Hillman BI; Morris TJ, 1990. The complete genome structure and synthesis of infectious RNA from clones of tomato bushy stunt virus. Virology (New York), 177(1):141-151

Henriques MIC; Schlegel DE, 1978. Tomato bushy stunt virus isolated from piggyback plants. In: Third International Congress of Plant Pathology, Munich, Germany: Wageningen, The Netherlands; Centre for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation.

Jerkovic-Mujkic A; Be?ta R, 2008. Conisa canadensis L. as long-term reservoir of tombusvirus infection. Herbologia, 9(1):49-53. http://www.anubih.ba/index.php?option=content&lang=eng&Theme=herbologia&Level=2&ItemID=7

Jpgle M; Regenmortel MHV van, 1985. Use of ELISA for measuring the extent of serological cross-reactivity between plant viruses. Journal of Virological Methods, 11(3):189-198

Kegler G; Kegler H, 1980. Research on natural transmission of tomato bushy stunt virus in fruit trees. Tagungsbericht der Akademie der Landwirtschaftswissenschaften der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, 297-302

Kegler G; Kegler H, 1981. On vectorless transmission of plant pathogenic viruses. Archiv fur Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz, 17(5):307-323

Kegler G; Kleinhempel H; Kegler H, 1980. Investigation on the soil transmissibility of tomato bushy stunt virus. Archiv fur Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz, 16(2):73-76

Kegler G; Schimanski H-H, 1982. Investigations on the spread and seed transmissibility of tomato bushy stunt virus in pome and stone fruit in the GDR. Archiv fur Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz, 18(2):105-109

Koenig R; An D; Burgermeister W, 1988. The use of filter hybridization techniques for the identification, differentiation and classification of plant viruses. Journal of Virological Methods, 19(1):57-68

Koenig R; Avgelis AA, 1983. Identification of a virus similar to the BS3 strain of tomato bushy stunt virus in eggplant. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 106:349-353.

Koenig R; Gibbs A, 1986. Serological relationships among tombusviruses. Journal of General Virology, 67:75-82.

Luis-Arteaga M; Rodrfguez-Cerezo E; Fraile A; Sßez E; Garcfa-Arenal F, 1996. Different tomato bushy stunt virus strains that cause disease outbreaks in solanaceous crops in Spain. Phytopathology, 86(5):535-542; 29 ref.

Martelli GP, 1981. Tombusviruses. In: Kurstak E, ed. Handbook of Plant Virus Infections and Comparative Diagnosis. Amsterdam, Holland: Elsevier/North Holland Biomedical Press, 61-90.

Martelli GP; Gallitelli D; Russo M, 1988. Tombusviruses. In: Koeing R, ed. The Plant Viruses. Vol. 3. New York, USA: Plenum Press, 13-72.

Martelli GP; Quacquarelli A; Russo M, 1971. Tomato bushy stunt virus. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses, No. 69. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biology.

Martelli GP; Russo M; Quacquarelli A, 1977. Tombusvirus (tomato bushy stunt virus) group. In: Maramorosch K, ed. The Atlas of Insect and Plant Viruses. New York, USA: Academic Press, 257-279.

Minafra A; Grieco F; Gallitelli D; Martelli GP, 1995. Improved PCR procedures for mutiple identification of some artichole and grapevine viruses. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 25:283-287.

Moore WC, 1947. Diseases of Crop Plants. Bulletin 126. London, UK: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries.

Mowat WP, 1972. A necrotic disease of tulip caused by tomato bushy stunt virus. Plant Pathology, 21(4):171-174

Ohki T; Uematsu S; Nakayama Y; Lesemann DE; Honda Y; Tsuda S; Fujisawa I, 2006. Characterization of Grapevine Algerian latent virus isolated from nipplefruit (Solanum mammosum) in Japan. Journal of General Plant Pathology, 72(2):119-122. http://www.springerlink.com/content/1610-739X

Polak Z, 1994. Plant viruses isolated from surface waters in the Czech Republic. Zahradnictvi, 21(4):279-285

Pontis RE; Gracia O; Feldman JM, 1968. Tomato bushy stunt virus on tomato crops in Argentina. Plant Disease Reporter, 52:676-677.

Russo M; Burgyan J; Martelli GP, 1994. Molecular biology of Tombusviridae. Advances in Virus Research, 44:381-428.

Russo M; Franco A di; Martelli GP, 1987. Cytopathology in the identification and classification of tombusviruses. Intervirology, 28(3):134-143

Russo M; Martelli GP, 1972. Ultrastructural observations on tomato bushy stunt virus in plant cells. Virology, 49(1):122-129

Schmelzer K, 1958. Wirtspflanzen des Tomatenzwergbusch-Virus (Marmor dodecahedron Holmes). Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 65:80-89.

Smith KM, 1935. A new virus disease of the tomato. Annals of Applied Biology, 22:731-741.

Steere RL, 1953. Strains of tomato bushy stunt virus. Phytopathology, 43:485.

Tomlinson JA; Faithfull EM, 1984. Studies on the occurrence of tomato bushy stunt virus in English rivers. Annals of Applied Biology, 104(3):485-495

Tomlinson JA; Faithfull EM; Flewett TH; Beards G, 1982. Isolation of infective tomato bushy stunt virus after passage through the human alimentary tract. Nature, (London), 300(5893):637-638

Distribution References

ALLEN W R, 1969. Occurrence and seed transmission of Tomato bushy stunt virus in Apple. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 49 (6), 797-799.

AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services., Singapore: Plant Health Centre Agri-food & Veterinary Authority.

Borges M de L, Sequeira J C, Louro D, 1979. Appearance of tomato bushy stunt virus in Portugal. Hosts, morphology and localization in Capsicum annuum cells. (Aparecimento em Portugal do virus do emanjericado do tomateiro (tomato bushy stunt virus). Hospedeiros, morfologia e localizacao nas celulas de pimenteiro.). Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 118-122.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cherif C, 1981. (Contribution a la connaissance du virus du rabougrissement buissonneux de la tomate (tomato bushy stunt virus) en Tunisie. ThFse Diplome Docteur 3eme Cycle)., Paris, France: Université P. et M. Curie.

Cherif C, Spire D, 1983. Identification of tomato bushy stunt virus in Tunisia on tomato, Capsicum annuum and aubergine: some characteristics of the Tunisian strain. (Identification du virus de rabougrissement buissoneux de la tomate (tomato bushy stunt virus) en Tunisie sur tomate, piment et auergine: quelques caractéristiques de la souche tunisienne.). Agronomie. 3 (7), 701-706. DOI:10.1051/agro:19830713

Chod J, 2000. Breeding sugar beet for virus resistance - Part 1. Virus diagnoses and their potential in breeding for virus resistance. (Metody šlechtění na odolnost k virovým chorobám cukrovky - část I.: diagnostické metody virů cukrovky se zřetelem na využití ve šlechtění na rezistenci.). Listy Cukrovarnické a Řepařské. 116 (3), 86-87.

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Fischer H U, Lockhart B E L, 1977. Identification and comparison of two isolates of tomato bushy stunt virus from pepper and tomato in Morocco. Phytopathology. 67 (11), 1352-1355. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-67-1352

Gerik J S, Duffus J E, Perry R, Stenger D C, Maren A F van, 1990. Etiology of tomato plant decline in the California desert. Phytopathology. 80 (12), 1352-1356. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-80-1352

Gigante R, 1955. [English title not available]. (Il rachitismo cespuglioso del pomodoro.). Bollettino della Stazione di Patologia Vegetale di Roma. 43-56.

González Franco A C, Gill Langarica E M, Robles Hernández L, Núñez Barrios A, Pérez Leal R, Hernández Rodríguez O A, Pérez Moreno L, 2014. Detection of virus affecting chilli pepper crop (Capsicum annuum L.) in Chihuahua, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología. 32 (1), 38-51. http://infit.org.mx/socmexfito/RevistaSMF/Vol3212014/Integrado/VOLUMEN3212014.pdf

Hassan S, Arif M, Defoer T, 1993. Etiological studies of viral diseases of tomato in Malakand Agency of North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 9 (1), 27-35.

Kegler G, Kegler H, 1980. Research on natural transmission of tomato bushy stunt virus in fruit trees. (Untersuchungen zur naturlichen Ubertragung des tomato bushy stunt virus bei Obstgeholzen.). Tagungsbericht der Akademie der Landwirtschaftswissenschaften der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. 297-302.

Koenig R, Avgelis AA, 1983. Identification of a virus similar to the BS3 strain of tomato bushy stunt virus in eggplant. In: Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 106 349-353.

Luis-Arteaga M, Rodríguez-Cerezo E, Fraile A, Sáez E, García-Arenal F, 1996. Different tomato bushy stunt virus strains that cause disease outbreaks in solanaceous crops in Spain. Phytopathology. 86 (5), 535-542. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-86-535

Ohki T, Uematsu S, Nakayama Y, Lesemann D E, Honda Y, Tsuda S, Fujisawa I, 2006. Characterization of Grapevine Algerian latent virus isolated from nipplefruit (Solanum mammosum) in Japan. Journal of General Plant Pathology. 72 (2), 119-122. http://www.springerlink.com/content/1610-739X DOI:10.1007/s10327-005-0257-5

Polák Z, 1994. Plant viruses isolated from surface waters in the Czech Republic. (Fytoviry izolované z povrchových vod v České Republice.). Zahradnictví. 21 (4), 279-285.

PONTIS R E, GRACIA OLGA, FELDMANN J M, 1968. Tomato bushy stunt virus on Tomato crops in Argentina. Plant Disease Reporter. 52 (9), 676-677.

SMITH K M, 1935. A new virus disease of the Tomato. Annals of Applied Biology. 22 (4), 731-741 pp. DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1935.tb07180.x

Distribution Maps

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