Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Tomato black ring virus
(ring spot of beet)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Tomato black ring virus (ring spot of beet)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Tomato black ring virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • ring spot of beet
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •       Order: Picornavirales
  •         Family: Secoviridae

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Necrotic local lesions in a leaf of Nicotiana clevelandii inoculated with TBRV.
TitleNecrotic local lesions
CaptionNecrotic local lesions in a leaf of Nicotiana clevelandii inoculated with TBRV.
CopyrightScottish Crop Research Institute
Necrotic local lesions in a leaf of Nicotiana clevelandii inoculated with TBRV.
Necrotic local lesionsNecrotic local lesions in a leaf of Nicotiana clevelandii inoculated with TBRV.Scottish Crop Research Institute
Local necrotic spots and ringspots in a leaf of Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi infected with TBRV.
TitleNecrotic spots and ringspots
CaptionLocal necrotic spots and ringspots in a leaf of Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi infected with TBRV.
CopyrightScottish Crop Research Institute
Local necrotic spots and ringspots in a leaf of Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi infected with TBRV.
Necrotic spots and ringspotsLocal necrotic spots and ringspots in a leaf of Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi infected with TBRV.Scottish Crop Research Institute
Local necrotic ringspots in Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi infected with TBRV, and showing recovery in new leaves.
TitleNecrotic ringspots
CaptionLocal necrotic ringspots in Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi infected with TBRV, and showing recovery in new leaves.
CopyrightScottish Crop Research Institute
Local necrotic ringspots in Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi infected with TBRV, and showing recovery in new leaves.
Necrotic ringspotsLocal necrotic ringspots in Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi infected with TBRV, and showing recovery in new leaves.Scottish Crop Research Institute
Electron micrograph showing purified particles of TBRV stained in sodium phosphotungstate, pH 6.0.  Scale bar represents 200 nm.
TitleTBRV particles
CaptionElectron micrograph showing purified particles of TBRV stained in sodium phosphotungstate, pH 6.0. Scale bar represents 200 nm.
CopyrightScottish Crop Research Institute
Electron micrograph showing purified particles of TBRV stained in sodium phosphotungstate, pH 6.0.  Scale bar represents 200 nm.
TBRV particlesElectron micrograph showing purified particles of TBRV stained in sodium phosphotungstate, pH 6.0. Scale bar represents 200 nm.Scottish Crop Research Institute
An adult specimen of the virus vector nematode Longidorus elongatus.
TitleVirus vector nematode
CaptionAn adult specimen of the virus vector nematode Longidorus elongatus.
CopyrightScottish Crop Research Institute
An adult specimen of the virus vector nematode Longidorus elongatus.
Virus vector nematodeAn adult specimen of the virus vector nematode Longidorus elongatus.Scottish Crop Research Institute

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Tomato black ring virus

Preferred Common Name

  • ring spot of beet

Other Scientific Names

  • bean ringspot virus
  • beet ringspot virus
  • lettuce ringspot virus
  • potato bouquet virus
  • potato pseudo-aucuba virus
  • tomato black ring nepovirus

International Common Names

  • English: black ring of tomato; bouquet of potato; pseudo-aucuba of potato; ring spot of bean; ring spot of lettuce; yellow vein of celery

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Buschbohnenringflecken; Kartoffelbukett

English acronym

  • TBRV

EPPO code

  • TBRV00 (Tomato black ring nepovirus)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Virus
  •     Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •             Order: Picornavirales
  •                 Family: Secoviridae
  •                     Subfamily: Comovirinae
  •                         Genus: Nepovirus
  •                             Species: Tomato black ring virus

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

ChinaAbsent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-HebeiAbsent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
IndiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Andhra PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-KarnatakaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Tamil NaduPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
JapanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
TurkeyRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014

Africa

KenyaAbsent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
MoroccoAbsent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Spain
-Canary IslandsAbsent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014

North America

CanadaAbsent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-OntarioAbsent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
USAAbsent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014

South America

BrazilAbsent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
ChileAbsent, unreliable recordServicio Agricola y Ganadero, 2013. Personal communication, Servicio Agricola y Ganadero, Chile; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014

Europe

AlbaniaPresentEPPO, 2014
AustriaAbsent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
BelarusPresentEPPO, 2014
BelgiumPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
BulgariaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
CroatiaPresentButurovic et al., 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Czech RepublicRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
DenmarkAbsent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
FinlandPresent, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
FranceWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; Laveau et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
GermanyPresent, few occurrences****CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
GreeceRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
HungaryRestricted distribution****CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
IrelandRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
ItalyAbsent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
MoldovaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
NetherlandsRestricted distributionNPPO of the Netherlands, 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
NorwayRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
PolandRestricted distribution****CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
PortugalAbsent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
RomaniaAbsent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Russian FederationRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-Russia (Europe)PresentEPPO, 2014
SerbiaPresentEPPO, 2014
SlovakiaPresent?ubíková et al., 2002
SpainAbsent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
SwedenPresent, few occurrences****CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
SwitzerlandPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
UKPresent, few occurrences****CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-England and WalesPresent, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
-ScotlandPresent, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal shape
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Whole plant / dwarfing

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

Top of page
VectorSourceReferenceGroupDistribution
Longidorus attenuatusHarrison, 1964. Nematode
Longidorus elongatusHarrison et al., 1961. Nematode

References

Top of page

?ubíková V; Kollerová E; Slováková L, 2002. Occurrence of nepoviruses in small fruits and fruit trees in Slovakia. Plant Protection Science [Disease resistance in plant pathology. Proceedings of the 6th Conference of European Foundation for Plant Pathology, Prague, Czech Republic, 8-14 September 2002.], 38(Special 2):367-369.

Bercks R, 1962. Serologische Fberkreuzreaktionen zwischen Isolaten des Tomatenschwarzringflecken-Virus. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 46:98-100.

Bretout C; Candresse T; Le Gall O; Brault V; Ravelonandro M; Dunez J, 1989. Virus and RNA-specific molecular hybridization probes for two nepoviruses. Acta Horticulturae, 235:231-238

Brown DJF; Murant AF; Trudgill DL, 1989. Differences between isolates of the English serotype of tomato black ring virus in their transmissibility by an English population of Longidorus attenuatus (Nematoda: Dorylaimoidea). Revue de Nematologie, 12(1):51-56

Brown DJF; Trudgill DL; Robertson WM, 1996. Nepoviruses: transmission by nematodes. In: Harrison BD, Murant AF, eds. The Plant Viruses. Polyhedral Virions and Bipartite Genomes. New York, USA: Plenum Press, 187-209.

Buturovic D; Grbelja J; Eric Z, 1979. On the geographical distribution of tomato black ring virus in Yugoslavia. Acta Botanica Croatica, 38:9-12

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp.

CABI/EPPO, 2002. Tomato black ring virus. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No. 877. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Calvert EL; Harrison BD, 1963. Outbreaks of tomato black ring virus in onion and leek crops in Northern Ireland. Horticultural Research, 2:115-120.

Cui XM; Liu Y; Cai ZN; Wu J, 1991. Study on the symptoms of rhizomania disease in sugarbeet. Plant Protection, No. 5:5-7

Dodd SM; Robinson DJ, 1984. Nucleotide sequence homologies among RNA species of strains of tomato black ring virus and other nepoviruses. Journal of General Virology, 65:1731-1740.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Gall O le; Lanneau M; Candresse T; Dunez J, 1995. The nucleotide sequence of the RNA-2 of an isolate of the English serotype of tomato black ring virus: RNA recombination in the history of nepoviruses. Journal of General Virology, 76(5):1279-1283

Gehring F; Bercks R, 1956. Untersuchungen über das Bukett- und Pseudo-Aucuba-Virus der Kartoffel. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 27:215-234.

Goldbach R; Martelli GP; Milne RG, 1995. Comoviridae. In Murphy FA, Fauquet CM, Bishop DHL, Ghabrial SA, Jarvis AW, Martelli GP, Mayo MA, Summers MD, eds. Virus Taxonomy - Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses. Sixth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Vienna, Austria: Springer-Verlag. Archives of Virology, Supplement 10:341-347.

Greif C; Hemmer O; Fritsch C, 1988. Nucleotide sequence of tomato black ring virus RNA-1. Journal of General Virology, 69(7):1517-1529

Hanada K; Harrison BD, 1977. Effects of virus genotype and temperature on seed transmission of nepoviruses. Annals of Applied Biology, 85(1):79-92

Harper SJ; Delmiglio C; Ward LI; Clover GRG, 2011. Detection of Tomato black ring virus by real-time one-step RT-PCR. Journal of Virological Methods, 171(1):190-194. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01660934

Harrison BD, 1957. Studies on the host range, properties and mode of transmission of beet ringspot virus. Annals of Applied Biology, 45:462-472.

Harrison BD, 1958. Further studies on raspberry ringspot and tomato black ring, soil-borne viruses that affect raspberry. Annals of Applied Biology, 46:571-584.

Harrison BD, 1958a. Relationship between beet ringspot, potato bouquet and tomato black ring viruses. Journal of General Microbiology, 18:450-460.

Harrison BD, 1964. Specific nematode vectors for serologically distinctive forms of raspberry ringspot and tomato black ring viruses. Virology, 22:554-550.

Harrison BD; Barker H, 1978. Protease-sensitive structure needed for infectivity of nepovirus RNA. Journal of General Virology, 40(3):711-715

Harrison BD; Mowat WP; Taylor CE, 1961. Transmission of a strain of tomato black ring virus by Longidorus elongatus (Nematoda). Virology, 14:480-485.

Harrison BD; Murant AF, 1977. Nematode transmissibility of pseudo-recombinant isolates of tomato black ring virus. Annals of Applied Biology, 86(2):209-212

Harrison BD; Murant AF, 1996. Nepoviruses: ecology and control. In: Harrison BD, Murant AF, eds. The Plant Viruses. Polyhedral Virions and Bipartite Genomes. New York, USA: Plenum Press, 211-228.

Hemmer O; Greif C; Dufourcq P; Reinbolt J; Fritsch C, 1995. Functional characterization of the proteolytic activity of the tomato black ring nepovirus RNA-1-encoded polyprotein. Virology (New York), 206(1):362-371; 32 ref.

Hemmer O; Meyer M; Greif C; Fritsch C, 1987. Comparison of the nucleotide sequences of five tomato black ring virus satellite RNAs. Journal of General Virology, 68:1823-1833.

Hollings M, 1965. Some properties of celery yellow vein, a virus serologically related to tomato black ring virus. Annals of Applied Biology, 55:459-470.

Jones AT; McGavin WJ, 1996. A damaging outbreak of arabis mosaic nepovirus in black currant, the occurrence of other nepoviruses in Ribes species, and the demonstration that alfalfa mosaic virus is the cause of interveinal white mosaic in black currant. Annals of Applied Biology, 129(1):47-55; 37 ref.

Kaiser WJ, 1980. Use of thermotherapy to free potato tubers of alfalfa mosaic, potato leaf roll, and tomato black ring viruses. Phytopathology, 70(11):1119-1122

Kaminska M, 1983. Virus diseases of Forsythia sp. Zeszyty Problemowe Postepow Nauk Rolniczych, No. 291:137-147

Laveau C; Helden Mvan; Darrieutort G; Esmenjaud D; Demangeat G, 2013. First detection of Tomato black ring virus (TBRV) in a French vineyard. Journal International des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin, 47(3):191-194. http://www.vigne-vin.com

Lister RM; Murant AF, 1967. Seed-transmission of nematode-borne viruses. Annals of Applied Biology, 59:49-62.

Mayo MA; Barker H; Harrison BD, 1979. Polyadenylate in the RNA of five nepoviruses. Journal of General Virology, 43:603-610.

Mayo MA; Barker H; Harrison BD, 1982. Specificity and properties of the genome-linked proteins of nepoviruses. Journal of General Virology, 59(1):149-162

Mayo MA; Murant AF; Harrison BD, 1971. New evidence on the structure of nepoviruses. Journal of General Virology, 12:175-178.

Mayo MA; Robinson DJ, 1996. Nepoviruses: molecular biology and replication. In: Harrison BD, Murant AF, eds. The Plant Viruses. Polyhedral Virions and Bipartite Genomes. Volume 5. New York, USA: Plenum Press, 139-185.

Meyer M; Hemmer O; Mayo MA; Fritsch C, 1986. The nucleotide sequence of tomato black ring virus RNA-2. Journal of General Virology, 67:1257-1271.

Murant AF, 1970. Tomato black ring virus. Commonwealth Mycological Institute/Association of Applied Biologists Descriptions of Plant Viruses No. 38. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 4 pp.

Murant AF, 1981. Nepoviruses. In: Kurstak E, ed. Handbook of Plant Virus Infections and Comparative Diagnosis. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier North Holland Biomedical Press, 197-238.

Murant AF, 1983. Seed and pollen transmission of nematode-borne viruses. Seed Science and Technology, 11:973-987.

Murant AF, 1987. Raspberry ringspot and associated diseases of Rubus caused by raspberry ringspot and tomato black ring viruses. In: Converse RH, ed. Virus Diseases of Small Fruits. USDA Handbook 631. Washington DC, USA: US Government Printing Office, 211-220.

Murant AF; Jones AT; Martelli GP; Stace-Smith R, 1996. Nepoviruses: general properties, diseases, and virus identification. In: Harrison BD, Murant AF, eds. The Plant Viruses. Polyhedral Virions and Bipartite Genomes. New York, USA: Plenum Press, 99-137.

Murant AF; Lister RM, 1967. Seed-transmission in the ecology of nematode-borne viruses. Annals of Applied Biology, 59:63-76.

Murant AF; Lister; RM, 1987. European nepoviruses in strawberry. In: Converse RH, ed. Virus Diseases of Small Fruits. USDA Handbook 631. Washington DC, USA: US Government Printing Office, 46-51.

Murant AF; Mayo MA, 1982. Satellites of plant viruses. Annual Review of Phytopathology 20:49-70.

Murant AF; Mayo MA; Harrison BD; Goold RA, 1973. Evidence for two functional RNA species and a 'satellite' RNA in tomato black ring virus. Journal of General Virology, 19(2):275-278

Murant AF; Taylor CE, 1965. Treatment of soil with chemicals to prevent transmission of tomato black ring and raspberry ringspot viruses by Longidorus elongatus (De Man). Annals of Applied Biology, 55:227-237.

Murant AF; Taylor M; Duncan GH; Raschke JH, 1981. Improved estimates of molecular weight of plant virus RNA by agarose gel electrophoresis and electron microscopy after denaturation with glyoxal. Journal of General Virology, 53(2):321-332

Randles JW; Harrison BD; Murant AF; Mayo MA, 1977. Packaging and biological activity of the two essential RNA species of tomato black ring virus. Journal of General Virology, 36(1):187-193

Robinson DJ; Barker H; Harrison BD; Mayo MA, 1980. Replication of RNA-1 of tomato black ring virus independently of RNA-2. Journal of General Virology, 51(2):317-326

Smith IM; McNamara DG; Scott PR; Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref.

Smith IM; McNamara DG; Scott PR; Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref.

Smith KM, 1946. Tomato black-ring: a new virus disease. Parasitology, 37:126-130.

Smith KM; Short ME, 1959. Lettuce ringspot: a soil-borne virus disease. Plant Pathology, 8:54-56.

Stellmach G, 1970. Tomato black ring in Vitis. In: Frazier NW, ed. Virus Diseases of Small Fruits and Grapevines. Berkeley, USA: University of California Press, 234-236.

Stellmach G; Gartel W, 1973. Institute for Grapevine Diseases, Bernkastel-Kues. Jahresbericht 1972, Biologische Bundesanstalt für Land und Forstwirtschaft in Berlin und Braunschweig, 89-95.

Taylor CE; Murant AF, 1969. Transmission of strains of raspberry ringspot and tomato black ring viruses by Longidorus elongatus (de Man). Annals of Applied Biology, 64:43-48.

Taylor CE; Robertson WM, 1969. The location of raspberry ringspot and tomato black ring viruses in the nematode vector, Longidorus elongatus (de Man). Annals of Applied Biology, 64:233-237.

Vuittenez A; Kuszala J; Rüdel M; Brückbauer H, 1970. Détection et étude sérologique du virus latent des taches annulaires du fraisier (strawberry latent ringspot), du virus des anneaux noirs de la tomate (tomato black ring) et du virus des taches annulaires du framboisier (raspberry ringspot) chez des vignes du Palatinat. Annals du Phytopathologie, 2:279-327.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map