Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Thrips flavus
(honeysuckle thrips)

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Datasheet

Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Thrips flavus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • honeysuckle thrips
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
T. flavus adult female.
TitleAdult female
CaptionT. flavus adult female.
CopyrightYu Yan-Fen
T. flavus adult female.
Adult femaleT. flavus adult female.Yu Yan-Fen

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Thrips flavus Schrank

Preferred Common Name

  • honeysuckle thrips

International Common Names

  • English: apple blossom thrips; blossom thrips; cucurbit thrips; flower thrips; pea blossom thrips

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Blasenfuss, Falber; Blasenfuss, Gelber; Blasenfuss, Gelber Nelken-

EPPO code

  • THRIFL (Thrips flavus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Thysanoptera
  •                         Family: Thripidae
  •                             Genus: Thrips
  •                                 Species: Thrips flavus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentvia PestLens newsletter

Asia

ChinaPresent
-SichuanPresent
-YunnanPresent
-ZhejiangPresent
IndiaPresent, Widespread
-Arunachal PradeshPresent
-AssamPresent
-DelhiPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent, Widespread
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-MaharashtraPresent
-ManipurPresent
-OdishaPresentOriginal citation: Sontakke et al., 1989
-PunjabPresent, Widespread
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent, Widespread
-UttarakhandPresent
IranPresent, LocalizedOriginal citation: Bournier & Couillourd, 1969
JapanPresent
MalaysiaPresent
NepalPresent
PakistanPresent
PhilippinesPresent
South KoreaPresent
Sri LankaPresent
TaiwanPresent, Widespread
ThailandPresent

Europe

AustriaPresent
BulgariaPresent, Localized
CroatiaPresent
CzechiaPresent
CzechoslovakiaPresent
FinlandPresent
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent
HungaryPresent
ItalyPresent
-SicilyPresent
LithuaniaPresent
NorwayPresent
PolandPresent
Portugal
-AzoresPresent
RussiaPresent
SlovakiaPresent
SloveniaPresent
SpainPresent
SwedenPresent
SwitzerlandPresent
United KingdomPresent, Widespread
-EnglandPresent

North America

CubaPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Growth Stages

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Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / lesions: on pods
Fruit / premature drop
Fruit / reduced size
Growing point / lesions
Inflorescence / lesions; flecking; streaks (not Poaceae)
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Seeds / shrivelled
Whole plant / early senescence

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Orius bifilarius Predator Adults/Larvae
Orius minutus Predator Adults/Larvae

References

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Abro, G. H., Syed, T. S., Khanzada, M. S., Khanzada, S. R., Salman, M., Anwar, S., Sarwar, M., Dayo, S. H., Perzada, A. S., Wang, S., Abro, A. H., , , , , , 2016. Arthropods associated with some medicinal plants under field conditions in Sindh province of Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 4(1), 516-520. http://www.entomoljournal.com/archives/2016/vol4issue1/PartH/3-5-27.1.pdf

Ananthakrishnan TN, 1973. Thrips: Biology and Control. India, New Delhi: McMillan.

Bailey SF, 1935. Thrips as vectors of plant diseases. Journal of Economic Entomology, 28(6):856-863.

Bhatti, J. S., 1980. Species of the genus Thrips from India (Thysanoptera). Systematic Entomology, 5(2), 109-166. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.1980.tb00404.x

Bournier A, Couilloud R, 1969. Cotton thrips in Iran. Coton et Fibres Tropicales, 24(2):211-218.

Bournier JP, 1983. A polyphagous insect: Thrips palmi (Karny), an important pest of cotton in the Philippines. Coton et Fibres Tropicales, 38(3):286-289

Chandra J, Lal OP, 1973. Record of thrips on some vegetables and ornamental plants from Kulu Valley, Himachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Entomology, 35(2):164-166

Chen LS, 1979. Thrips infesting tea in Taiwan. Plant Protection Bulletin, Taiwan, 21(4):377-382

Conti F, Tumminelli R, Fisicaro R, Perrotta G, Marullo R, Liotta G, 2003. An IPM system for new citrus thrips in Italy. Bulletin OILB/SROP ['Integrated control in citrus fruit crops'. Proceedings of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group, Valencia, Spain, 6-8 November, 2002.], 26(6):203-208.

Dyadechko NP, 1977. Thrips or Fringe-winged Insects (Thysanoptera) of the European Part of the USSR. New Delhi, India: Amerind.

Ecke R Van, 1922. Erste Bijdrage tot de Kennis der Nederlandsche Thysanoptereren. Natuurk Verh Holland Maatsch Wer, 9:42.

Farkas, P., Bagi, N., Szabó, Á., Ladányi, M., Kis, K., Sojnóczki, A., Reiter, D., Pénzes, B., Fail, J., 2016. Biological control of thrips pests (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in a commercial greenhouse in Hungary. Polish Journal of Entomology, 85(4), 437-451. http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/pjen

Gahukar RT, 2003. Factors influencing thrips abundance and distribution on rose flowers in central India. Journal of Entomological Research, 27(4):271-279.

Glover, R. H., Collins, D. W., Walsh, K., Boonham, N., 2010. Assessment of loci for DNA barcoding in the genus Thrips (Thysanoptera:Thripidae). Molecular Ecology Resources, 10(1), 51-59. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2009.02723.x

Gupta PR, Bhalla OP, 1993. Conservation of biotic agents in apple orchards of Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Insect Science, 6(2):204-206; 6 ref.

Gupta PR, Mishra RC, Gupta JK, 1985. Effectiveness of some insecticide sprays against the cabbage aphid and thrips on seed crop of radish. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 19(1):6-10

Iqbal, J., Shahid, M., Akhtar, N., Hassan, M., 2000. Diagnosis of Important Insect Pests of Soybean in Peshawar. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 3(6), 1014-1015. doi: 10.3923/pjbs.2000.1014.1015

Kucharczyk H, Setniewska M, Legutowska H, 2006. Differentiation of thrips (Thysanoptera) fauna on herbal plants in Warsaw region. (Zróznicowanie fauny wciornastków (Thysanoptera) na roslinach zielarskich w rejonie warszawskim.) Progress in Plant Protection, 46(2):429-432. http://www.ior.poznan.pl/wydaw/Wyd-PO.htm

Kucharczyk, H., Bereś, P. K., Dąbrowski, Z. T., 2011. The species composition and seasonal dynamics of thrips (Thysanoptera) populations on maize (Zea mays L.) in Southeastern Poland. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 51(3), 210-216. doi: 10.2478/v10045-011-0036-6

Kulshrestha SK, Srivastava AK, Kapoor N, Negi BK, 1986. On the relative abundance and interspecific competition among different thrips species (Thysanoptera: Insecta) infesting flowers of Tagetes erecta L. in the Doon Valley. Indian Journal of Forestry, 9(3):253-257

Lee GwanSeok, Lee JoonHo, Kang SangHun, Woo KunSuk, 2001. Thrips species (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in winter season and their vernal activities on Jeju island, Korea. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 4(2), 115-122. doi: 10.1016/S1226-8615(08)60112-0

Lewis T, 1973. Thrips - Their Biology, Ecology and Economic Importance. Department of Entomology, Rothamsted Experimental Station Harpenden, Hertfordshire, England. London, UK; New York, USA: Academic Press.

Liang GuiHong, Zhang HongRui, Li ZiMing, Liu Tao, 2007. Studies on the species of flower thrips and its occurrence in Dounan Chenggong county of Yunnan. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 20(6):1291-1295.

Mahabir Singh, 1989. Damage and economic threshold level of Thrips flavus Schrank to apple blossom in Himachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Entomology, 51(3):288-293

Marullo, R., 2001. Impact of an introduced pest thrips on the indigenous natural history and agricultural systems of southern Italy. [In R. Marullo & L. Mound (Eds.), Thrips and Tospoviruses: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Thysanoptera], 285-288. https://www.ento.csiro.au/thysanoptera/Symposium/Section9/44-Marullo.pdf

Mirab-balou, M., Tong XiaoLi, Chen XueXin, 2012. Thrips species associated with tea (Camellia sinensis) in Hangzhou, China. Persian Gulf Crop Protection, 1(1), 29-35. http://www.cropprotection.ir/files_site/paperlist/Journal1-1-130804152515.pdf

Mishra RC, Verma AK, Gupta PR, 1987. Insecticides for the control of apple blossom thrips. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 44(1-2):115-120

Morison GD, 1943. Notes on Thysanoptera found on flax (Linum utitatissmum L.) in British Isles. Annals of Applied Biology, 30(3):251-259.

Morison GD, 1957. A review of British glasshouse Thysanoptera. Transactions of Royal Entomological Society of London, 109:467-534.

Morison GD, 1968. Observations and records of some British Thysanoptera VII. Thripidae, Thrips flavus Schrank and Thrips brevicornis Priesner. Entomologist, 101:205-212.

Nafisa Akthar, 2014. Thrips infestation on tulips and saffron in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Entomology, 76(2), 173. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:ije&type=home

Oda, Y., Kahawatta, U. C., Rajapaksha, G. B. J. P., Rajapaksha, H., 1997. Thrips collected in Sri Lanka. Research Bulletin of the Plant Protection Service, Japan, (No. 33), 71-73.

Okada T, Kudo I, 1982. Relative abundance and phenology of Thysanoptera in a tea field. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology, 26(2):96-102

Ostrauskas H, Vierbergen G, 2009. Additions to the list of Lithuanian Thysanoptera and bionomics of some species collected in 1998-2006. Acta Zoologica Lituanica , 19(1):41-48. http://versita.com/science/lifesciences/azl/

Pillai SRM, Gopi KC, Salarkhan AM, Pankajam S, 1991. Insect pest problems of Albizia lebbek (L.) Benth. in nurseries and young plantations. Indian Journal of Forestry, 14(4):253-260

Pizzol, J., Nammour, D., Voisin, S., Ziegler, M., Desneux, N., Poncet, C., Reynaud, P., 2012. Survey of thrips species in horticultural greenhouses in Southern France. Acta Horticulturae, (No.952), 801-808. http://www.actahort.org/books/952/952_101.htm

Pobożniak, M., 2008. Thrips (Thysanoptera) in flowers of fruit trees in Poland. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 43(2), 337-343. doi: 10.1556/APhyt.43.2008.2.18

Pobożniak, M., Anna, S., 2011. Biodiversity of thrips species (Thysanoptera) on flowering herbs in Cracow, Poland. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 51(4), 393-398. doi: 10.2478/v10045-011-0064-2

Popov P, 1973. The thrips on medicinal plants in Bulgaria. Rastitelna Zashchita, 21(9):28-29

Priesner H, 1923. Die larvaen der gelben Thrips Arten. Z. Schedlbekamf, 1:16-20.

Priesner H, 1927. Die Thysanoptera Europos. III. Wien, 343-368.

Qing, G.-H., 2008. Biological Characteristics of Thrips Flavus Schrank on Punica Granatum. Journal of Mountain Agriculture and Biology, 27(5), https://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-SDNS200805007.htm

Radev R, Stefanov SG, 1974. Study on Thrips tabaci Lind. as a pest of cotton. Rasteniev"dni Nauki, 11(5):108-120

Raizada U, 1976. A preliminary report on the fungi infesting thrips (Thysanoptera, Thripidae). Entomon, 1(2):155-158

Raizada, U., 1976. On the occurrence of Bacillidium sp. a microsporidian parasite infecting some thrips larvae. Current Science, 45(17), 627-628.

Razi, S., Bernard, E. C., Laamari, M., 2017. A survey of thrips and their potential for transmission of viruses to crops in Biskra (Algeria): first record of the species Frankliniella intonsa and Thrips flavus., 12(2), 197-205. http://www.iresa.agrinet.tn/tjpp/SiteWeb/CurrentIssue/TJPP12-2.pdf

Rodríguez-Romero, A., Posos Ponce, P., Castillo Duvergel, Y., Suris Campos, M., 2011. Species of the genera Thrips and Frankliniella (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) associated with crops in Guantánamo province., 26(3), 144-148. http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1010-27522011000300002&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=es

Rotrekl J, 1984. The species and abundance of thrips (Thysanoptera) in lucerne stands in southern Moravia. Sbornik UVTIZ, Ochrana Rostlin, 20(4):273-280

Rotrekl J, 1985. The harmfulness of thrips (Thysanoptera: Terebrantia) to seed lucerne. Sbornik UVTIZ, Ochrana Rostlin, 21(4):255-260.

Sagar P, 1978. A new record of thrips, Thrips flavus Schrank as a pest of Foeniculum vulgare and its control. Food Farming and Agriculture, 9(7):123-124.

Sagar P, 1986. Population abundance of thrips, Thrips flavus Schr. on soya crop. Journal of Research, Punjab Agricultural University, 23(3):458-459

Sagar P, 1987. Efficacy of some insecticides against thrips, Thrips flavus Schrank, a pest of fennel in the Punjab. International Pest Control, 29(6):130, 133

Sagar P, 1995. Thrips, Thrips flavus Schrank - a pest of fennel, dillseed and coriander crops and its management at Ludhiana, India. In: Proceedings of International Symposium on Tospoviruses and Thrips of Floral and Vegetable Crops, Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Taichung, Taiwan, 7-11 November 1995.

Sandhu GS, Deol GS, 1975. New records of pest on wheat. Indian Journal of Entomology, 37(1):85-86

Sharma PL, Bhalla OP, 1963. Occurrence of thrips damaging apple blossom in Himachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Entomology, 25(1):85.

Shyam Maisnam, Varatharajan, R., 2012. Thysanoptera fauna of the Itanagar Wild Life Sanctuary, (Arunachal Pradesh). Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 112(3), 35-43.

Singh M, 1986. Field evaluation of selected insecticides against apple blossom thrips. Indian Journal of Entomology, 48(4):391-394.

Singh M, 1987. Chemical control of blossom thrips in apple. Indian Journal of Entomology, 49(4):580-582.

Singh SJ, Krishnareddy M, 1995. Thrips flavus Schrank (Thysanoptera : Thripidae), a new insect vector of a tospovirus infecting watermelon in India. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems, 1(2):115-118; 15 ref.

Singh SJ, Krishnareddy M, Kuo CG, 1997. Watermelon bud necrosis: a new tospovirus disease. International Symposium on Tospoviruses and Thrips of Floral and Vegetables Crops, Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Taichung, Taiwan, 7-10 November 1995. Acta Horticulturae, 431:68-77.

Singh, K. N., Varatharajan, R., 2014. Thysanoptera (Insecta) fauna of the Keibul Lamjao National Park Manipur, Northeast India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 111(1), 19-28. doi: 10.17087/bnhs/2014/v111i1/56522

Smith KGV, 1955. Thrips on the stink horn fungus (Phallus impudicus Pers.). Journal Society of Britian Entomology, 5:109.

Sontakke BK, Singh DN, Misra B, 1989. Seasonal abundance of potato pests in relation to environmental factors. Environment and Ecology, 7(2):391-394

Speyer ER, 1932. Thrips injurious to the carnation plant. In: Report of Experimental Research Station. Cheshunt, UK, 6:63-72.

Speyer ER, 1936. Thrips as pests of glasshouse plants. In: Report of Experimental Research Station. Cheshunt, UK, 2:63-72.

Speyer ER, Parr WJ, 1941. The external structure of some thysanopterous larvae. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 91:559-635.

Subharani, S., Jayaprakash, P., 2015. Biodiversity of Insect Pests Complex in Muga Ecosystems in Narayanpur, Assam, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 4(12), 209-214. https://www.ijcmas.com/vol-4-12/S.%20Subharani%20and%20P.%20Jayaprakash.pdf

Suman Sanjta, Usha Chauhan, 2015. Survey of thrips fauna and their natural enemies in different fruit crops under mid hills of Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Insect Science (Ludhiana), 28(2):202-207.

Swift JE, Madson HE, 1956. Thrips damage to apple. Journal of Economic Entomology, 49(3):398-399.

Theobald FV, 1926. Notes on some unusual insect pests on fruit. Journal of Pomology, 5:245-247.

Tillekaratne, K., Edirisinghe, J. P., Gunatilleke, C. V. S., Karunaratne, W. A. I. P., 2011. Survey of thrips in Sri Lanka: a checklist of thrips species, their distribution and host plants. Ceylon Journal of Science, Biological Sciences, 40(2), 89-108. http://www.sljol.info/index.php/CJSBS/article/view/3926

Trdan, S., Vierbergen, G., 2001. The risk of introduction of some economically important thrips species (Thysanoptera) to Slovenia. (Nevarnost vnosa nekaterih gospodarsko škodljivih vrst resarjev (Thysanoptera) v Slovenijo). In: Zbornik predavanj in referatov 5. Slovensko Posvetovanje o Varstvu Rastlin, Čatež ob Savi, Slovenija, 6. marec-8. marec 2001, Ljubljana, Slovenia: Društvo za varstvo rastlin Slovenije. 303-311.

Veer V, 1984. On some new records of predators of Thrips flavus Schrank and Thrips hawaiiensis Morgan (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) from Dehra Dun (India). Indian Journal of Forestry, 7(3):245-246

Veer V, 1985. Observations on the host preferences and biology of Thrips flavus Schrank (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) from Dehra Dun, India. Annals of Entomology, 3(1):39-47

Verma KL, 1977. Thrips recorded on fruit trees from Simla area of Himachal Pradesh. Entomologists' Newsletter, 7(5):19

Verma KL, 1978. India: thrips on fruit trees. Quarterly Newsletter, FAO Plant Protection Committee for the South East Asia and Pacific Region, 21(1):1-2

Verma TD, Kakar KL, Dogra GS, 1985. Efficacy of different insecticides against Thrips flavus Schrank on peas. Pesticides, 19(1):55-56

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Wen HC, Lee HS, 1982. Field studies on cucurbit thrip (Thrips flavus) and its control. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 31(1):89-96

Wen HC, Lee HS, 1983. Effects of granular insecticides on the control of some pests during early growth stage of watermelon plants. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 32(2):155-160

Distribution References

Abro G H, Syed T S, Khanzada M S, Khanzada S R, Salman M, Anwar S, Sarwar M, Dayo S H, Perzada A S, Wang S, Abro A H, , , , , , 2016. Arthropods associated with some medicinal plants under field conditions in Sindh province of Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 4 (1), 516-520. http://www.entomoljournal.com/archives/2016/vol4issue1/PartH/3-5-27.1.pdf

Bhatti J S, 1980. Species of the genus Thrips from India (Thysanoptera). Systematic Entomology. 5 (2), 109-166. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3113.1980.tb00404.x

Borges P A V, Gaspar C, Crespo L C F, Rigal F, Cardoso P, Pereira F, Rego C, Amorim I R, Melo C, Aguiar C, André G, Mendonça E P, Ribeiro S, Hortal J, Santos A M C, Barcelos L, Enghoff H, Mahnert V, Pita M T, Ribes J, Baz A, Sousa A B, Vieira V, Wunderlich J, Parmakelis A, Whittaker R J, Quartau J A, Serrano A R M, Triantis K A, 2016. New records and detailed distribution and abundance of selected arthropod species collected between 1999 and 2011 in Azorean native forests. Biodiversity Data Journal. DOI:10.3897/BDJ.4.e10948

Bournier J P, 1983. A polyphagous insect: Thrips palmi (Karny), an important pest of cotton in the Philippines. (Une insecte polyphage: Thrips palmi (Karny), important ravageur du cotonnier aux Philippines.). Coton et Fibres Tropicales. 38 (3), 286-289.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chen L S, 1979. Thrips infesting tea in Taiwan. Plant Protection Bulletin, Taiwan. 21 (4), 377-382.

Chinthangkhomba H, Varatharajan R, 2016. Flower thrips (Thysanoptera: Insecta) of Manipur. Indian Journal of Entomology. 78 (1), 56-60. DOI:10.5958/0974-8172.2016.00011.0

Conti F, Tumminelli R, Fisicaro R, Perrotta G, Marullo R, Liotta G, 2003. An IPM system for new citrus thrips in Italy. Bulletin OILB/SROP. 26 (6), 203-208.

Farkas P, Bagi N, Szabó Á, Ladányi M, Kis K, Sojnóczki A, Reiter D, Pénzes B, Fail J, 2016. Biological control of thrips pests (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in a commercial greenhouse in Hungary. Polish Journal of Entomology. 85 (4), 437-451. http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/pjen

Gahukar R T, 2003. Factors influencing thrips abundance and distribution on rose flowers in central India. Journal of Entomological Research. 27 (4), 271-279.

Glover R H, Collins D W, Walsh K, Boonham N, 2010. Assessment of loci for DNA barcoding in the genus Thrips (Thysanoptera:Thripidae). Molecular Ecology Resources. 10 (1), 51-59. DOI:10.1111/j.1755-0998.2009.02723.x

Gupta P R, Bhalla O P, 1993. Conservation of biotic agents in apple orchards of Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Insect Science. 6 (2), 204-206.

Imai T, Maekawa M, Murai T, 2001. Attractiveness of methyl anthranilate and its related compounds to the flower thrips, Thrips hawaiiensis (Morgan), T. coloratus Schmutz, T. flavus Schrank and Megalurothrips distalis (Karny) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology. 36 (4), 475-478. DOI:10.1303/aez.2001.475

Iqbal J, Shahid M, Akhtar N, Hassan M, 2000. Diagnosis of Important Insect Pests of Soybean in Peshawar. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 3 (6), 1014-1015. DOI:10.3923/pjbs.2000.1014.1015

Kettunen J, Kobro S, Martikainen P, 2005. Thrips (Thysanoptera) from dead aspen (Populus tremula) trees in Eastern Finland. Entomologica Fennica. 16 (4), 246-250. http://www.entomologicafennica.org/Volume16/abstracts16_246.htm

Kirk W D J, 1985. Effect of some floral scents on host finding by thrips (Insecta: Thysanoptera). Journal of Chemical Ecology. 11 (1), 35-43. DOI:10.1007/BF00987602

Kobro S, 2003. On the Norwegian thrips fauna (Thysanoptera). Norwegian Journal of Entomology. 50 (1), 17-32.

Kucharczyk H, Bereś P K, Dąbrowski Z T, 2011. The species composition and seasonal dynamics of thrips (Thysanoptera) populations on maize (Zea mays L.) in Southeastern Poland. Journal of Plant Protection Research. 51 (3), 210-216. DOI:10.2478/v10045-011-0036-6

Kucharczyk H, Setniewska M, Legutowska H, 2006. Differentiation of thrips (Thysanoptera) fauna on herbal plants in Warsaw region. (Zróżnicowanie fauny wciornastków (Thysanoptera) na roślinach zielarskich w rejonie warszawskim.). Progress in Plant Protection. 46 (2), 429-432. http://www.ior.poznan.pl/wydaw/Wyd-PO.htm

Kulshrestha S K, Srivastava A K, Kapoor N, Negi B K, 1986. On the relative abundance and interspecific competition among different thrips species (Thysanoptera: Insecta) infesting flowers of Tagetes erecta L. in the Doon Valley. Indian Journal of Forestry. 9 (3), 253-257.

Lee GwanSeok, Lee JoonHo, Kang SangHun, Woo KunSuk, 2001. Thrips species (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in winter season and their vernal activities on Jeju island, Korea. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 4 (2), 115-122. DOI:10.1016/S1226-8615(08)60112-0

Lewis T, 1973. Thrips - Their Biology, Ecology and Economic Importance., Hertfordshire, England London; New York, UK; USA: Department of Entomology, Rothamsted Experimental Station Harpenden, Academic Press.

Liang GuiHong, Zhang HongRui, Li ZiMing, Liu Tao, 2007. Studies on the species of flower thrips and its occurrence in Dounan Chenggong county of Yunnan. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 20 (6), 1291-1295.

Mahabir Singh, 1986. Field evaluation of selected insecticides against apple blossom thrips. Indian Journal of Entomology. 48 (4), 391-394.

Mahabir Singh, 1987. Chemical control of blossom thrips in apple. Indian Journal of Entomology. 49 (4), 580-582.

Mahabir Singh, 1989. Damage and economic threshold level of Thrips flavus Schrank to apple blossom in Himachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Entomology. 51 (3), 288-293.

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