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Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Tetranychus kanzawai
(kanzawa spider mite)

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Datasheet

Tetranychus kanzawai (kanzawa spider mite)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Tetranychus kanzawai
  • Preferred Common Name
  • kanzawa spider mite
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Chelicerata
  •         Class: Arachnida

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult females are carmine, body 519 x 313 µm.
TitleAdult female
CaptionAdult females are carmine, body 519 x 313 µm.
Copyright©Natural History Museum, London
Adult females are carmine, body 519 x 313 µm.
Adult femaleAdult females are carmine, body 519 x 313 µm.©Natural History Museum, London

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida

Preferred Common Name

  • kanzawa spider mite

International Common Names

  • French: tetranyque de kanzawa

Local Common Names

  • Japan: kanzawa-hadani

EPPO code

  • TETRKW (Tetranychus kanzawai)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Chelicerata
  •                 Class: Arachnida
  •                     Subclass: Acari
  •                         Superorder: Acariformes
  •                             Suborder: Prostigmata
  •                                 Family: Tetranychidae
  •                                     Genus: Tetranychus
  •                                         Species: Tetranychus kanzawai

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

Congo, Republic of thePresent
South AfricaPresent

Asia

ChinaPresent
-AnhuiPresent
-FujianPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-JiangxiPresent
-JilinPresent
-LiaoningPresent
-ShaanxiPresent
-ShandongPresent
-ShanghaiPresent
-SichuanPresent
-YunnanPresent
-ZhejiangPresent
Hong KongPresent
IndiaPresent
-DelhiPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
IndonesiaPresent
JapanPresent
-HokkaidoPresent
-HonshuPresent
-KyushuPresent
-ShikokuPresent
MalaysiaPresent
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent
North KoreaPresent
PhilippinesPresent
South KoreaPresent
TaiwanPresent
ThailandPresent
TurkeyPresent
VietnamPresent

North America

MexicoPresent
United StatesPresent
-CaliforniaPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
-New South WalesPresent
-QueenslandPresent
Papua New GuineaPresent

Growth Stages

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Flowering stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / webbing
Stems / discoloration of bark
Stems / webbing

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Achaearanea tepidariorum Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Japan grapes
Agistemus exsertus Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Japan grapes
Amblyseius barkeri Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Japan grapes
Amblyseius eharai Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Amblyseius sojaensis Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Amblyseius tsugawai Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Euseius ovalis Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Nymphs
Feltiella Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Mallada basalis Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Nymphs
Neoseiulus fallacis Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Nymphs Taiwan
Neoseiulus longispinosus Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Nymphs Japan grapes
Oligota flavicornis Predator Eggs
Oligota kashmirica Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Oligota kashmirica benefica Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Japan grapes
Oligota yasumatsui Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs
Orius Predator Adults; Arthropods|Larvae
Phytoseiulus persimilis Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Nymphs China; Japan; Taiwan; Fuzhou; Honshu
Scolothrips indicus Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Nymphs
Scolothrips takahashii Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Nymphs
Stethorus loi Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Nymphs

References

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Ashihara W, Inoue K, Osakabe M, Hamamura T, 1992. Effectiveness of Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) as a control agent for the Kanzawa spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acarina: Tetranychidae) and occurrence of native natural enemies of the spider mite on grapevine in glasshouse. Bulletin of the Fruit Tree Research Station, No. 22:109-130

CABI, EPPO, 1998. Tetranychus kanzawai. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests , (December) Wallingford, UK: CAB International.Map 586.

Cao HG, Liang X, Yang ZQ, 1998. Influence of temperature-humidity on the development of Tetranychus kanzawai. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 41:153-156

Chang CP, Huang SC, 1995. Evaluation of the effectiveness of releasing green lacewing, Mallada basalis (Walker) for the control of tetranychid mites on strawberry. Plant Protection Bulletin (Taipei), 37(1):41-58

Cheng, L. L., Nechols, J. R., Margolies, D. C., Campbell, J. F., Yang PingShih, Chen ChienChung, Lu ChiuTung, 2012. Efficacy of the predator Mallada basalis (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) on Tetranychus kanzawai and Panonychus citri (Acari: Tetranychidae) at different predator:prey release ratios. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 15(1), 142-146. doi: 10.1016/j.aspen.2011.09.008

Cheng, L. L., Nechols, J. R., Margolies, D. C., Campbell, J. F., Yang, P. S., 2010. Assessment of prey preference by the mass-produced generalist predator, Mallada basalis (Walker) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), when offered two species of spider mites, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida and Panonychus citri (McGregor) (Acari: Tetranychidae), on papaya. Biological Control, 53(3), 267-272. doi: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2010.02.006

Ehara S, 1964. The tetranychoid mites of Japan. Acarologia, 1964:409-414

Ehara S, 1966. The tetranychoid mites of Okinawa island (Acarina: Prostigmata). Journal of the Faculty of Education Tottori University Natural Science, 16:1-22

Ehara S, 1969. The tetranychoid mites of Taiwan (Acarina: Prostigmata). Journal of the Faculty of Education Tottori University Natural Science, 20:79-103

Ehara S, Lee LHY, 1971. Mites associated with plants in Hong Kong. Journal of the Faculty of Education Tottori University Natural Science, 22:61-78

Ehara S, Tho YP, 1988. Spider mites of the Malay Peninsula (Acarina: Tetranychidae). Journal of the Faculty of Education Tottori University Natural Science, 37:1-24

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Goka, K., 1998. Mode of inheritance of resistance to three new acaricides in the Kanzawa spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acari: Tetranychidae). Experimental & Applied Acarology, 22(12), 699-708. doi: 10.1023/A:1006062807613

Goka, K., Takafuji, A., 1998. Electrophoretic detection of enzyme variation among Japanese red-coloured spider mites of the genus Tetranychus (Acari: Tetranychidae). Experimental & Applied Acarology, 22(3), 167-176. doi: 10.1023/A:1006006129339

Gomi, K., Gotoh, T., 1996. Host plant preference and genetic compatibility of Kanzawa spider mite Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acari: Tetranychidae. Applied Entomology and Zoology (Japan), 31(3), 417-425.

Gomi, K., Gotoh, T., Noda, H., 1997. Wolbachia having no effect on reproductive incompatibility in Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acari: Tetranychidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology, 32(3), 485-490.

Gotoh T, Gomi K, 2000. Population dynamics of Tetranychus kanzawai (Acari: Tetranychidae) on hydrangea. Experimental & Applied Acarology, 24(5/6):337-350; 23 ref

Gotoh, T., Gomi, K., 2003. Life-history traits of the Kanzawa spider mite Tetranychus kanzawai (Acari: Tetranychidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology, 38(1), 7-14. doi: 10.1303/aez.2003.7

Gotoh, T., Gomi, K., Nagata, T., 1999. Incompatibility and host plant differences among populations of Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acari: Tetranychidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology, 34(4), 551-561.

Gotoh, T., Kitashima, Y., Goka, K., 2007. Tetranychus mite species identification using esterase and phosphoglucomutase zymograms. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 42(4), 579-585. doi: 10.1303/aez.2007.579

Gotoh, T., Tsuchiya, A., Kitashima, Y., 2006. Influence of prey on developmental performance, reproduction and prey consumption of Neoseiulus californicus (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Experimental and Applied Acarology, 40(3/4), 189-204. http://www.springerlink.com/content/fk01463g5283713n/?p=c16b12bcb25546489b580093f1ce2988&pi=2

Gupta SK, 1985. Handbook Plant Mites of India. Calcutta, India: Zoological Survey of India

Gutierrez J, Bonato O, 1994. The tetranychid mites attacking cassava in the Congo and some of their predators. Journal of African Zoology, 108(2):191-200

Hao HH, Wang HL, Lee WT, Lo KC, 1996. Studies on biological control of spider mites on papaya. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 45:411-421

Hinomoto N, Dinh Pha Tran, Anh Tuan Pham, Thi Bao Ngoc Le, Tajima R, Ohashi K, Osakabe M, Takafuji A, 2007. Identification of spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) by DNA sequences: a case study in northern Vietnam. International Journal of Acarology, 33(1):53-60

Hinomoto, N., Takafuji, A., 2001. Genetic diversity and phylogeny of the Kanzawa spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai, in Japan. Experimental & Applied Acarology, 25(5), 355-370. doi: 10.1023/A:1017934218898

Hinomoto, N., Takafuji, A., 2004. Evaluation of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I sequences in Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acari: Tetranychidae) for phylogeographic studies. Journal of the Acarological Society of Japan, 13(1), 47-55. doi: 10.2300/acari.13.47

Ho CC, 1990. A preliminary study on the biological control of Tetranychus kanzawai in tea field by Amblyseius fallacis and Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acarina: Tetranychidae, Phytoseiidae). Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 39(2):133-140

Ho CC, Chen WH, 1992. Species survey of spider mites and seasonal occurrence of Thrips palmi, Chlorita biguttula biguttula, and Tetranychus cinnabarinus on eggplant. Chinese Journal of Entomology, 12(4):259-268

Ho CC, Chen WH, 1998. Life history, food consumption, and seasonal occurrence of Feltiella minuta (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on eggplant. Chinese Journal of Entomology, 18:27-37

Ho CC, Chen WH, 2001. Life cycle, food consumption, and seasonal occurrence of Scolothrips indicus (Thysanoptera: Aeolothripidae) on eggplant. In: Halliday RB, Walter DE, Proctor HC, Norton, Colloff MJ (eds.) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress. Collingwood, Australia: CSIRO Publishing, 409-412

Ho, C. C., 1993. Dispersion statistics and sample size estimates for Tetranychus kanzawai (Acari: Tetranychidae) on mulberry. Environmental Entomology, 22(1), 21-25. doi: 10.1093/ee/22.1.21

Ishiwari, H., Suzuki, T., Maeda, T., 2007. Essential compounds in herbivore-induced plant volatiles that attract the predatory mite Neoseiulus womersleyi. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 33(9), 1670-1681. doi: 10.1007/s10886-007-9344-8

Ito, K., 2003. Effect of leaf condition on diapause induction of a Kanzawa spider mite Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acari: Tetranychidae) population on tea plants. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 38(4), 559-563. doi: 10.1303/aez.2003.559

Kim SS, Paik CH, Kim DI, Park JD, Lee SC, 1993. Some ecological characteristics of tea red spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acarina, Tetranychidae). Korean Journal of Entomology, 23(4):261-266

Kim TH, Kwak JS, Choi KH, 1998. Bionomics, damage assessment and management of tetranychid mites on perennial herbs. Journal of Asia Pacific Entomology, 1:71-76

Kondo, A., 2004. Colonizing characteristics of two phytoseiid mites, Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot and Neoseiulus womersleyi (Schicha) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on greenhouse grapevine and effects of their release on the kanzawa spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acari: Tetranychidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology, 39(4), 643-649. doi: 10.1303/aez.2004.643

Kondo, A., Takafuji, A., 1985. Resource utilization pattern of two species of tetranychid mites (Acarina: Tetranychidae). Researches on Population Ecology, 27(1), 145-157. doi: 10.1007/BF02515487

Lin ChienYih, Wu DerChung, Yu JihZu, Chen BingHuei, Wang ChinLing, Ko WenHsiung, 2009. Control of silverleaf whitefly, cotton aphid and Kanzawa spider mite with oil and extracts from seeds of sugar apple. Neotropical Entomology, 38(4), 531-536. doi: 10.1590/S1519-566X2009000400016

Maeda, T., Liu YiNing, Ishiwari, H., Shimoda, T., 2006. Conditioned olfactory responses of a predatory mite, Neoseiulus womersleyi, to volatiles from prey-infested plants. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 121(2), 167-175. doi: 10.1111/j.1570-8703.2006.00468.x

Maeda, T., Takabayashi, J., Yano, S., Takafuji, A., 2001. Variation in the olfactory response of 13 populations of the predatory mite Amblyseius womersleyi to Tetranychus urticae-infested plant volatiles (Acari: Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae). Experimental & Applied Acarology, 25(1), 55-64. doi: 10.1023/A:1010667812788

Masaki, M., 2001. Note on some tetranychid mites on Thai plants intercepted at Narita Airport in Japan. Research Bulletin of the Plant Protection Service, Japan, (No.37), 111-116.

Matsuda, T., Fukumoto, C., Hinomoto, N., Gotoh, T., 2013. DNA-based identification of spider mites: molecular evidence for cryptic species of the genus Tetranychus (Acari: Tetranychidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 106(1), 463-472. doi: 10.1603/EC12328

McGregor EA, 1950. Mites of the family Tetranychidae. American Midland Naturalist, 44:257-420

Mochizuki, M., 2003. Effectiveness and pesticide susceptibility of the pyrethroid-resistant predatory mite Amblyseius womersleyi in the integrated pest management of tea pests. BioControl, 48(2), 207-221. doi: 10.1023/A:1022673317471

Morishita M, Takafuji A, 1999. Diapause characteristics of the Kanzawa spider mite Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida, in pea fields of central Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology, 43(4):185-188; 11 ref

Navajas M, Gutierrez J, Williams M, Gotoh T, 2001. Synonymy between two spider mite species, Tetranychus kanzawai and T. hydrangeae (Acari: Tetranychidae), shown by ribosomal ITS2 sequences and cross-breeding experiments. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 91(2):117-123; 41 ref

Nishimura, S., Hinomoto, N., Takafuji, A., 2003. Isolation, characterization, inheritance and linkage of microsatellite markers in Tetranychus kanzawai (Acari: Tetranychidae). Experimental and Applied Acarology, 31(1/2), 93-103. doi: 10.1023/B:APPA.0000005128.70282.a4

Nishimura, S., Hinomoto, N., Takafuji, A., 2007. The population genetic structure of Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acari: Tetranychidae) in Northern Hokkaido, Japan, as estimated using microsatellite polymorphism. Journal of the Acarological Society of Japan, 16(1), 11-20. doi: 10.2300/acari.16.11

Oku, K., 2008. Is only the first mating effective for females in the Kanzawa spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai (Acari: Tetranychidae)?. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 45(1/2), 53-57. doi: 10.1007/s10493-008-9157-7

Oku, K., 2009. Female mating strategy during precopulatory mate guarding in spider mites. Animal Behaviour, 77(1), 207-211. doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2008.09.030

Oku, K., Yano, S., Osakabe, M., Takafuji, A., 2003. Spider mites assess predation risk by using the odor of injured conspecifics. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 29(11), 2609-2613. doi: 10.1023/A:1026395311664

Oku, K., Yano, S., Takafuji, A., 2003. Spider mite's use of a refuge during the quiescent stage in the presence of a predator. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 108(1), 71-74. doi: 10.1046/j.1570-7458.2003.00069.x

Oku, K., Yano, S., Takafuji, A., 2004. Nonlethal indirect effects of a native predatory mite, Amblyseius womersleyi Schicha (Acari:Phytoseiidae), on the phytophagous mite Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acari: Tetranychidae). Journal of Ethology, 22(1), 109-112. doi: 10.1007/s10164-003-0102-2

Oku, K., Yano, S., Takafuji, A., 2006. Host plant acceptance by the phytophagous mite Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida is affected by the availability of a refuge on the leaf surface. Ecological Research, 21(3), 446-452. doi: 10.1007/s11284-005-0141-y

Osakabe, M., Isobe, H., Kasai, A., Masuda, R., Kubota, S., Umeda, M., 2008. Aerodynamic advantages of upside down take-off for aerial dispersal in Tetranychus spider mites. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 44(3), 165-183. doi: 10.1007/s10493-008-9141-2

Rajaratnam JA, Hock LI, 1975. Effect of boron nutrition on intensity of red spider mite attack on oil palm seedlings. Experimental Agriculture, 11(1):59-63

Rimando LC, 1962. The tetranychoid mites of the Philippines. College of Agriculture Technical Bulletin University of Philippines, 11:1-52

Ryu MO, Kim TH, 1998. New records of three phytoseiid mite species from Korea (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Korean Journal of Entomology, 28:101-106

Saito, Y., Ito, K., Sakagami, T., 2005. Imaginal induction of diapause in several 'adult-female diapausing' spider mites. Physiological Entomology, 30(1), 96-101. doi: 10.1111/j.0307-6962.2005.00441.x

Schicha E, Guttierrez J, 1985. Phytoseiidae of Papua New Guinea, with three new species, and new records of Tetranychidae (Acari). International Journal of Acarology, 11(3):173-181

Shih CT, 1985. Biological control of mulberry spider mites, Tetranychus kanzawai, with augmentation of Amblyseius womersleyi. Special Publication, Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, No. 19:21-27

Shimoda, T., Takabayashi, J., 2001. Response of Oligota kashmirica benefica, a specialist insect predator of spider mites, to volatiles from prey-infested leaves under both laboratory and field conditions. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 101(1), 41-47. doi: 10.1023/A:1019297419294

Takafuji A, Morishita M, 2001. Overwintering ecology of two species of spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) on different host plants. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 36:169-175

Takafuji A, Santoso S, Hinomoto N, 2001. Host-related differences in diapause characteristics of different geographical populations of the Kanzawa spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acari: Tetranychidae), in Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 36(1):177-184; 10 ref

Takafuji, A., Hinomoto, N., 2008. The distribution and geographic variation in diapause capacity among populations of two Tetranychus species (Acari: Tetranychidae) in East and Southeast Asia. Journal of the Acarological Society of Japan, 17(1), 1-15. doi: 10.2300/acari.17.1

Takafuji, A., Ishii, T., 1989. Inheritance of sex ratio in the Kanzawa spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida. Researches on Population Ecology, 31(1), 123-128. doi: 10.1007/BF02515810

Takahashi F, Inoue M, Takafuji A, 1998. Management of the spider-mite population in a vinyl house vinery by releasing Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot onto the ground cover. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology, 42(2):71-76; 9 ref

Takahashi, H., Takafuji, A., Takabayashi, J., Yano, S., Shimoda, T., 2001. Seasonal occurrence of specialist and generalist insect predators of spider mites and their response to volatiles from spider-mite-infested plants in Japanese pear orchards. Experimental & Applied Acarology, 25(5), 393-402. doi: 10.1023/A:1017997110721

Tsai SM, Kung KS, Shih CI, 1989. The effect of temperature on life history and population parameters of Kanzawa spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acarina: Tetranychidae), on tea Plant Protection Bulletin, Taiwan, 31(2):119-130

Tseng YH, 1990. A monograph of the mite family Tetranychidae (Acarina: Trombidiformes) from Taiwan. Taiwan Museum Special Publications Series, No.9,1-224

Villacarlos LT, Vasquez EA, 1988. Arthropod pests of cassava and their control. Crops State of the Art and Abstract Bibliography Series, No. 15:31-36

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp

Yang ZQ, Cao HG, Chen FY, 1991. A preliminary study on Tetranychus kanzawai. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis, 13(2):129-133; 2 ref

Yano, S., Kanaya, M., Takafuji, A., 2003. Genetic basis of color variation in leaf scars induced by the Kanzawa spider mite. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 106(1), 37-44. doi: 10.1046/j.1570-7458.2003.00005.x

Zhang YanKai, Zhang KaiJun, Sun JingTao, Yang XianMing, Ge Cheng, Hong XiaoYue, 2013. Diversity of Wolbachia in natural populations of spider mites (genus Tetranychus): evidence for complex infection history and disequilibrium distribution. Microbial Ecology, 65(3), 731-739. doi: 10.1007/s00248-013-0198-z

Zhang YanXuan, Lin JianZhen, Chi YanBin, Chen Wei, Lin Song, 1996. Biocontrol of Tetranychus kanzawai (Acari: Tetranychidae) using Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in open-air strawberry gardens. Systematic and Applied Acarology, 1:29-34; 4 ref

Zhang YX, Yu DY, Chen W, Chi YB, Lin JZ, 1996. Study on the spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of Tetranychus kanzawai (Acari: Tetranychidae) in open-air strawberry gardens. Systematic and Applied Acarology, 1:73-76

Distribution References

Abe J, Ganaha-Kikumura T, Yukawa J, 2011. Morphological features, distribution, prey mites, and life history traits of Feltiella acarisuga (Vallot) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology. 46 (2), 271-279. DOI:10.1007/s13355-011-0038-x

Altunç Y E, Akyazı R, 2020. Two new records for spider mite fauna of Turkey, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida and Eotetranychus rubiphilus Reck (Trombidiformes: Tetranychidae). Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology. 8 (8), 1598-1602. DOI:10.24925/turjaf.v8i8.1598-1602.2387

CABI, EPPO, 1998. Tetranychus kanzawai. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 586. DOI:10.1079/DMPP20066600586

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chen H T, Tseng H K, 1988. Field tests of several new chemicals for control of tea green leaf-hopper, Kanzawai spider mite and tea tortrix. Taiwan Tea Research Bulletin. 1-14.

Cheng L L, Nechols J R, Margolies D C, Campbell J F, Yang P S, 2010. Assessment of prey preference by the mass-produced generalist predator, Mallada basalis (Walker) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), when offered two species of spider mites, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida and Panonychus citri (McGregor) (Acari: Tetranychidae), on papaya. Biological Control. 53 (3), 267-272. DOI:10.1016/j.biocontrol.2010.02.006

Cheng L L, Nechols J R, Margolies D C, Campbell J F, Yang PingShih, Chen ChienChung, Lu ChiuTung, 2012. Efficacy of the predator Mallada basalis (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) on Tetranychus kanzawai and Panonychus citri (Acari: Tetranychidae) at different predator:prey release ratios. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 15 (1), 142-146. DOI:10.1016/j.aspen.2011.09.008

Ehara S, 1964. The tetranychoid mites of Japan. In: Acarologia, 1964 409-414.

Ehara S, 1966. The tetranychoid mites of Okinawa island (Acarina: Prostigmata). In: Journal of the Faculty of Education Tottori University Natural Science, 16 1-22.

Ehara S, 1969. The tetranychoid mites of Taiwan (Acarina: Prostigmata). In: Journal of the Faculty of Education Tottori University Natural Science, 20 79-103.

Ehara S, Lee LHY, 1971. Mites associated with plants in Hong Kong. In: Journal of the Faculty of Education Tottori University Natural Science, 22 61-78.

Ehara S, Tho YP, 1988. Spider mites of the Malay Peninsula (Acarina: Tetranychidae). In: Journal of the Faculty of Education Tottori University Natural Science, 37 1-24.

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