Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Tephrosia vogelii
(Vogel's tephrosia)

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Datasheet

Tephrosia vogelii (Vogel's tephrosia)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Tephrosia vogelii
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Vogel's tephrosia
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • The following summary is from Witt and Luke (2017):

    Description

    Soft woody branching herb or small tree (1–4 m t...

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
1. flowering branch
2. flowerbud just before opening
3. flower, back view
4. pod
5. part of opened fruit showing seeds
TitleLine artwork
Caption1. flowering branch 2. flowerbud just before opening 3. flower, back view 4. pod 5. part of opened fruit showing seeds
Copyright©PROSEA Foundation
1. flowering branch
2. flowerbud just before opening
3. flower, back view
4. pod
5. part of opened fruit showing seeds
Line artwork1. flowering branch 2. flowerbud just before opening 3. flower, back view 4. pod 5. part of opened fruit showing seeds©PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.

Preferred Common Name

  • Vogel's tephrosia

Other Scientific Names

  • Cracca vogelii (Hook. f.) Kuntze

International Common Names

  • English: fish-poison-bean; fish-poison-tree
  • Spanish: barbasco guineano

Local Common Names

  • Papua New Guinea: pilawa

EPPO code

  • TEPVO (Tephrosia vogelii)

Summary of Invasiveness

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The following summary is from Witt and Luke (2017):

Description

Soft woody branching herb or small tree (1–4 m tall) with dense foliage; stems and branches densely covered with long and short white or rusty-brown hairs.

Origin

Uncertain.

Reason for Introduction

Nitrogen-fixation, poison (insecticide, fish), medicine and ornament.

Invades

Roadsides, disturbed areas, fallow land, cropland, savannahs and grasslands.

Impacts

T. vogelii has been found to have allelopathic impacts on three weed species. Its leaves have been reported to be highly toxic to frogs and toads, molluscs, worms and insects. Used as a hedge and windbreak and as a source of fish poison.

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fabales
  •                         Family: Fabaceae
  •                             Subfamily: Faboideae
  •                                 Genus: Tephrosia
  •                                     Species: Tephrosia vogelii

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Planted Reference Notes

Africa

EthiopiaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedNaturalized
KenyaPresentIntroducedInvasive
MadagascarPresentPlanted
MalawiPresentIntroducedInvasive
RwandaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedNaturalized
TanzaniaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedNaturalized
UgandaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedNaturalized
ZambiaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedNaturalized

Asia

LaosPresentPlanted
MalaysiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentPlanted

South America

BrazilPresent
-ParanaPresent

Latitude/Altitude Ranges

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Latitude North (°N)Latitude South (°S)Altitude Lower (m)Altitude Upper (m)
10 -20 0 2100

Air Temperature

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Parameter Lower limit Upper limit
Mean annual temperature (ºC) 12 27

Rainfall

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ParameterLower limitUpper limitDescription
Mean annual rainfall8502700mm; lower/upper limits

Soil Tolerances

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Soil drainage

  • free

Soil reaction

  • acid
  • neutral

Soil texture

  • light
  • medium

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Soil improvement
  • Windbreak

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Pesticide

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical

References

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Alvim R, 1989. Cacao (Theobroma cacao) in agrosilvicultural systems. [O cacaueiro (Theobroma cacao L.) em sistemas agrossilviculturais.] Agrotropica, 1(2):89-103; 29 ref

Bakolimalala R, 1989. Malagasy Leguminosae: potential for fuelwood and reforestation. Preliminary results. Trees for development in Sub Saharan Africa. Proceedings of a regional seminar held by the International Foundation for Science (IFS), ICRAF House, Nairobi, Kenya, February 20-25, 1989, 167-182; 12 ref

Chiu SF, 1989. Studies on plants as a source of insect growth regulators for crop protection. Journal of Applied Entomology, 107(2):185-192

Chiu SF, 1993. Investigations on botanical insecticides in south China - an update. Botanical pesticides in integrated pest management Rajahmundry, India: Indian Society of Tobacco Science, 134-137

Duke JA, 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. New York, USA: Plenum Press, 345 pp

Egger K, 1986. Ecological intensification. Soil conservation and improvement of tropical soils by pastoral agroforestry systems. Collection Documents Systèmes Agraires, No.6:129-135

Faridah Hanum I, Maesen LJG van der, eds. , 1997. Plant resources of southeast Asia. No. 11. Auxillary plants. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys

Holden ST, 1991. Farmer participatory research and agroforestry development - a case study from northern Zambia. Proceedings of NFU's Annual Conference 1991: Natural resource use and changing society interdisciplinary approaches to development. Agricultural University of Norway, Aas, 23-24 May 1991. NorAgric-Occasional-Papers.-Series-C,-Development-and-Environment, No. 9, 147-169; 26 ref

Holden ST, Joseph LO, 1991. Farmer participatory research and agroforestry development - a case study from Northern Zambia. Agricultural Systems, 36(2):173-189; 1 tab., BLDSC; 22 ref

Jones RB, Snapp SS, Phombeya HSK, Cadisch G (ed. ), Giller KE, 1997. Management of leguminous leaf residues to improve nutrient use efficiency in the sub-humid tropics. Driven by nature: plant litter quality and decomposition, 239-250; 33 ref

Matthews RB, Holden ST, Volk J, Lungu S, 1992. The potential of alley cropping in improvement of cultivation systems in the high rainfall areas of Zambia. I. Chitemene and fundikila. Agroforestry Systems, 17(3):219-240; 38 ref

Niyungeko MR, Ngurale A, Ngoic IM, Sanginga N, 1990. Early nodulation and growth of Tephrosia and Leucaena on an oxisol at Yangambi, northeastern Zaire. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 8:85-87

Roder W, Maniphone S, 1995. Forage legume establishment in rice slash-and-burn systems. Tropical Grasslands, 29(2):81-87; 17 ref

Sanginga N, 1988. Nodulation and growth of some nitrogen fixing trees in relation to nutrient levels and Rhizobium in Nigeria, Zaire and Zimbabwe. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 6:3-5; 3 ref

Verdcourt B, 1979. A manual of New Guinea legumes. 1979. Botany Bulletin No. 11. Office of Forests, Division of Botany, Lae. pp. 645

Witt, A., Luke, Q., 2017. Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa, [ed. by Witt, A., Luke, Q.]. Wallingford, UK: CABI.vi + 601 pp. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 doi:10.1079/9781786392145.0000

Distribution References

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Ito D S, Silva S A, Dorigo O F, Machado A C Z, Sera G H, 2015. First report of Meloidogyne javanica on Tephrosia vogelii in Brazil. Plant Disease. 99 (9), 1285. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-11-14-1160-PDN

Witt A, Beale T, Wilgen B W van, 2018. An assessment of the distribution and potential ecological impacts of invasive alien plant species in eastern Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa. 73 (3), 217-236. DOI:10.1080/0035919X.2018.1529003

Witt A, Luke Q, 2017. Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa. [ed. by Witt A, Luke Q]. Wallingford, UK: CABI. vi + 601 pp. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 DOI:10.1079/9781786392145.0000

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