Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Tarophagus proserpina
(taro planthopper)

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Datasheet

Tarophagus proserpina (taro planthopper)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Tarophagus proserpina
  • Preferred Common Name
  • taro planthopper
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
T. proserpina male.
TitleAdult male
CaptionT. proserpina male.
CopyrightCAB International
T. proserpina male.
Adult maleT. proserpina male.CAB International
2. Tarophagus sp., male genitalia, pygofer in ventral view, ventrocaudal margin shaded, scale bar: 0.1mm. 3-5. Tarophagus spp., male genitalia, ventrocaudal margin of pygofer. 
3. Tarophagus colocasiae.
4. Tarophagus persephone.
5. Tarophagus proserpina.
TitleTarophagus sp., male genitalia
Caption2. Tarophagus sp., male genitalia, pygofer in ventral view, ventrocaudal margin shaded, scale bar: 0.1mm. 3-5. Tarophagus spp., male genitalia, ventrocaudal margin of pygofer. 3. Tarophagus colocasiae. 4. Tarophagus persephone. 5. Tarophagus proserpina.
CopyrightCAB International
2. Tarophagus sp., male genitalia, pygofer in ventral view, ventrocaudal margin shaded, scale bar: 0.1mm. 3-5. Tarophagus spp., male genitalia, ventrocaudal margin of pygofer. 
3. Tarophagus colocasiae.
4. Tarophagus persephone.
5. Tarophagus proserpina.
Tarophagus sp., male genitalia2. Tarophagus sp., male genitalia, pygofer in ventral view, ventrocaudal margin shaded, scale bar: 0.1mm. 3-5. Tarophagus spp., male genitalia, ventrocaudal margin of pygofer. 3. Tarophagus colocasiae. 4. Tarophagus persephone. 5. Tarophagus proserpina.CAB International

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Tarophagus proserpina (Kirkaldy, 1907)

Preferred Common Name

  • taro planthopper

Other Scientific Names

  • Megamelus proserpina Kirkaldy, 1907

International Common Names

  • English: taro leafhopper

Local Common Names

  • Samoa: gao gao

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Fulgoroidea
  •                                 Family: Delphacidae
  •                                     Genus: Tarophagus
  •                                         Species: Tarophagus proserpina

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Dec 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

North America

United States
-HawaiiPresentIntroduced1930

Oceania

American SamoaPresentOriginal citation: Asche and Wilson (1989)
Cook IslandsPresentOriginal citation: Asche and Wilson (1989)
FijiPresentOriginal citation: Asche and Wilson (1989)
French PolynesiaPresentOriginal citation: Asche and Wilson (1989)
New CaledoniaPresentOriginal citation: Asche and Wilson (1989)
NiuePresentOriginal citation: Asche and Wilson (1989)
Papua New GuineaPresentOriginal citation: Asche and Wilson (1989)
SamoaPresentOriginal citation: Asche and Wilson (1989)
TongaPresentOriginal citation: Asche and Wilson (1989)
VanuatuPresentOriginal citation: Asche and Wilson (1989)

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / necrotic areas
Stems / discoloration of bark
Stems / external feeding
Whole plant / dwarfing
Whole plant / wilt

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Anagrus perforator Parasite Eggs
Cyrtorhinus fulvus Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs Guam; Hawaii; Ponape; Solomon Islands; Tuvalu; Wallis and Futuna Colocasia esculenta
Ootetrastichus megameli Parasite Hawaii Colocasia esculenta

References

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APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA)

Asche M, Wilson MR, 1989. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 79(4): Addenda

Asche M, Wilson MR, 1989. The three taro planthoppers: species recognition in Tarophagus (Hemiptera: Delphacidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 79(2):285-298

Claridge MF, 1985. Acoustic signals in the Homoptera: behavior, taxonomy, and evolution. Annual Review of Entomology, 30:297-317

Dale PS, 1959. Pest Control in Samoa. Department of Agriculture, Forests and Fishery, Apia, Western Samoa, Department Bulletin No 3

Esaki T, Ishihara T, 1943. Report on the leaf-hoppers injurious to the rice plant and their natural enemies. No. 13 , Fukuoka, Department of Agriculture, Kyushu Imperial University, Publication No. 14

Fennah RG, 1978. Fulgoroidea (Homoptera) from Viet-nam. Annales Zoologici, 34(9):207-279

Francki RIB, Kitajima EW, Peters D, 1981. Rhabdoviruses. In: Kurstak E, ed. Handbook of Plant Virus Infection and Comparative Diagnosis. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier North Holland Biomedical Press, 455-489

Fullaway DT, 1937. Notes on the taro leafhopper (Megamelus proserpina Kirk.) (Delphacidae). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 9:405-406

Fullaway DT, 1940. An account on the reduction of the immigrant taro leaf-hopper (Megamelus proserpina) population to insignificant numbers by the introduction and establishment of the egg-sucking bug Cyrthorhinus fulvus. Proceedings of the 6th Pacific Science Congress, 4:345-346

Gollifer DE, Jackson GVH, Dabek AJ, Plumb RT, 1978. Incidence, and effects on yield, of virus diseases of taro (Colocasia esculenta) in the Solomon Islands. Annals of Applied Biology, 88(1):131-135

Hopkins GHE, 1927. Pests of economic importance in Samoa and other island groups. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 18:23-32

Jackson GVH, 1980. Diseases and pests of taro. Diseases and pests of taro. South Pacific Commission. Noumea New Caledonia, 52 pp

Jackson YYM, 1974. Preliminary report on the predator-prey investigations of the taro leafhopper Tarophagus proserpina (Kirkaldy) and its egg predator, Cyrtorhinus fulvus Knight. Honiaria, Solomon Islands: Ministry of Agriculture, Lands

Matsumoto BM, Nishida T, 1966. Predator-prey investigations on the taro leafhopper and its egg predator. Technical Bulletin of the Hawaiian Agricultural Experiment Station, No. 64

Matsumura S, 1920. Dainippon Gaichû Zensho. Fulgoridae, 259-290

Matsumura S, 1932. Conspectus of Japanese injurious insects. Tokyo, Inoue

Mitchell WC, Maddison PA, 1983. Pests of taro. In: Wang J, ed. Taro, a Review of Colocasia esculenta and its Potentials. Honolulu, USA: University of Hawaii Press, 180-225

Muir F, 1917. Homopterous notes. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 3:311-338

Muir F, 1927a. Insects of Samoa and other terrestrial Arthropoda. Part II. Fasc. 1. Hemiptera. Fulgoroidea. London, UK: Trustees of the British Museum, 1-27

Muir F, 1927b. On some fulgoroids from the South Pacific. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 20(9):86-91

Ooka JJ, 1983. Taro diseases. In: Wang J, ed. Taro, a Review of Colocasia esculenta and its Potentials. Honolulu, USA: University of Hawaii Press, 236-257

Strübing H, 1956. Die Oviduktdrüsen der Delphaciden (Hom. auchenorrhyncha) und ihre Bedeutung für die Eiablage. Verhandlungen der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft, Hamburg 1956, 361-366

Swaine G, 1971. Agricultural Zoology in Fiji. (ODA Overseas Research Publications no. 18). London, UK: HMSO

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp

Waterhouse DF, Norris KR, 1987. Biological control: Pacific prospects. viii + 454pp

Wilson SW, Tsai JH, 1988. Descriptions of adults and nymphs of the taro planthopper, Tarophagus proserpina taiwanensis ssp. n., from Taiwan (Homoptera: Delphacidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 64(1):53-61

Yang CT, 1989. Delphacidae of Taiwan (II) (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). NSC special publication No. 6, 1-334

Zimmerman EC, 1948. Insects of Hawaii. Vol 4. Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha. Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press

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