Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Sitobion fragariae
(blackberry cereal aphid)



Sitobion fragariae (blackberry cereal aphid)


  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Sitobion fragariae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • blackberry cereal aphid
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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TitleSitobion fragariae (blackberry cereal aphid); winged adult.
Copyright©Crown Copyright/The Food and Environment Research Agency (FERA)
Sitobion fragariae (blackberry cereal aphid); winged adult.©Crown Copyright/The Food and Environment Research Agency (FERA)


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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Sitobion fragariae (Walker, 1848)

Preferred Common Name

  • blackberry cereal aphid

Other Scientific Names

  • Anameson rubiellum (Theobald, 1913)
  • Aphis dallmani Theobald, 1924
  • Aphis fragariae (Walker, 1848)
  • Macrosiphon avenivorum Kirkaldy, 1905
  • Macrosiphon rubiellum Theobald, 1913
  • Macrosiphum avenivorum Kirkaldy, 1905
  • Macrosiphum cereale Börner, 1914 partim.
  • Macrosiphum fragariae (Walker, 1848)
  • Macrosiphum harpagorubus Knowlton, 1927
  • Macrosiphum rubiellum Theobald, 1913
  • Myzus laricellus Theobald, 1927
  • Myzus molluginellus Theobald, 1924
  • Siphonophora poae Macciati, 1885
  • Sitobion rubiellum (Theobald, 1913)

International Common Names

  • English: blackberry aphid; English grain aphid; Japanese grain aphid
  • Spanish: pulgon de la avena (South America); pulgon de la espiga (Mexico); pulgon del trigo
  • French: petit puceron des céréales; puceron des céréales; puceron du blé
  • Portuguese: pulgao da espiga (Brazil); pulgao da espiga do trifo (Brazil)

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: brombaer-graesbladlus
  • Finland: mansikkakirva, iso
  • Germany: Hellgruene Brombeer-Blattlaus; kleine Getreide-Blattlaus
  • Italy: afide del frumento; afide grande dell'avens
  • Japan: mugi-higenaga-aburamusi
  • Netherlands: braam-grasluis; graanbladluis

EPPO code

  • MACSFR (Sitobion fragariae)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Aphidoidea
  •                                 Family: Aphididae
  •                                     Genus: Sitobion
  •                                         Species: Sitobion fragariae

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


JordanPresentMustafa, 1988
PakistanPresentMian et al., 2003


AlgeriaPresentHadjira and Salah-Eddine, 2004
EthiopiaPresentHaile and Megenasa, 1987
KenyaPresentMakkouk, 1992
South AfricaPresentBlackman and Eastop, 1984

South America

ChilePresentStary et al., 1994


BelgiumPresentLatteur, 1971
BulgariaPresentNatskova, 1971
CroatiaPresentIgrc, 1990
FrancePresentBreniaux et al., 1976
GermanyPresentHille, 1939; Freier et al., 1980
ItalyPresentGuglielmone and Caciagli, 1996
LatviaPresentRupais, 1939
LithuaniaPresentRakauskas Ionaitis, 1986
NetherlandsPresentHile Ris Lambers, 1939; Piron, 1986
PortugalPresentGouveia, 1984
Russian FederationPresentRakauskas Ionaitis, 1986
UKPresentGeorge & Plum, 1982; Dicker, 1940


AustraliaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-New South WalesPresentHales et al., 1990
-South AustraliaPresentBarro, 1992
-TasmaniaPresentGuy et al., 1987
-VictoriaPresentHales et al., 1990
-Western AustraliaPresentHales et al., 1990
New ZealandPresentPalmer, 1974

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Growing point / external feeding
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / leaves rolled or folded
Stems / external feeding
Stems / honeydew or sooty mould

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Adalia bipunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius colemani Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius ervi Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius matricariae Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius picipes Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius rhopalosiphi Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius rosae Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius urticae Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius uzbekistanicus Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Chrysoperla carnea Predator Adults/Nymphs
Coccinella septempunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Conidiobolus obscurus Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Ephedrus plagiator Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Episyrphus balteatus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Erynia nouryi Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Lysiphlebus testaceipes Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Melanostoma fasciatum Predator
Monoctonus caricis Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Monoctonus nervosus Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Praon volucre Parasite Adults/Nymphs


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Barro PJde, 1992. A survey of Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and other wheat-infesting cereal aphids flying over South Australia in 1989. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 31(4):345-349

Belkahla H; Doumandji S-E, 2004. Efficacy of the transmission of viruses associated with barley yellow dwarf by Sitobion fragariae (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Algeria. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 26(4):584-590.

Blackman RL; Eastop VF, 1984. Aphids on the World's Crops. An Identification and Information Guide. Chichester, UK: John Wiley.

Breniaux D; Lescar L; Moreau JP, 1976. Cereal aphids. Phytoma, 28(276):7-14.

Dicker GHL, 1940. The biology of the Rubus aphides. Journal of Pomology, 18:1-33.

Eastop VF, 1966. A taxonomic study of Australian Aphidoidea. Australian Journal of Zoology,14:399-592.

Eastop VF; Hille Ris Lambers D, 1976. Survey of the World's Aphids. The Hague, Netherlands: DR. W. Junk bv Publishers.

Freier B; Reinsch B; Wetzel T, 1980. The importance of species determination of cereal aphids for observation and systematic control. Nachrichtenblatt für den Pflanzenschutz in der DDR, 34(1):1-5

George KS; Plumb RT, 1982. Cereal aphids. Leaflet, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, No. 586. London, UK: HMSO, 8 pp.

Gouveia MAde, 1984. Contribution to the study of cereal aphids in Portugal. Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia, II-26(56):289-316

Guglielmone L; Caciagli P, 1996. Biological characterization of an Italian isolate of barley yellow dwarf luteovirus from barley. Journal of Phytopathology, 144(7/8):383-386; 22 ref.

Guy PL; Johnstone GR; Morris DI, 1987. Barley yellow dwarf viruses in, and aphids on, grasses (including cereals) in Tasmania. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 38(1):139-152

Hadjira Belkahla; Salah-Eddine Doumandji, 2004. Efficacy of the transmission of viruses associated with barley yellow dwarf by Sitobion fragariae (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Algeria. (Efficacité de la transmission des virus associés à la jaunisse nanisante de l'orge par le Sitobion fragariae (Homoptère : Aphididae) en Algérie.) Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 26(4):584-590.

Haile A; Megenasa T, 1987. Survey of aphids on barley in parts of Shewa, Welo and Tigrai, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 9(1):39-53

Hales DF; Chapman RL; Lardner RM; Cowen R; Turak E, 1990. Aphids of the genus Sitobion occurring on grasses in southern Australia. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 29(1):19-25

Hardie J; Nottingham SF; Dawson GW; Harrington R; Pickett JA; Wadhams LJ, 1992. Attraction of field-flying aphid males to synthetic sex pheromone. Chemoecology, 3(3-4):113-117

Hardie J; Nottingham SF; Powell W; Wadhams LJ, 1991. Synthetic aphid sex pheromone lures female parasitoids. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 61(1):97-99

Hille Ris Lambers, 1939. Contributions to a monograph of the Aphididae of Europe. II. The genera Dactynotus Rafinesque, 1818; Staticobium Mordvilko, 1914; Macrosiphum Passerini, 1860; Masonaphis nov. gen.; Pharalis Leach, 1826. Temminckia, 4:1-134.

Igrc J, 1990. Investigations of the presence and control of vectors of barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) in Croatia. Zastita Bilja, 41(4):359-377.

Jones MG, 1979. Abundance of aphids on cereals from before 1973 to 1977. Journal of Applied Ecology, 16(1):1-22

Kavallieratos NG; Tomanovic Z; Sarlis GP; Vayias BJ; Zikic V; Emmanouel NE, 2007. Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphidoidea) on cultivated and self-sown plants in Greece. Biologia (Bratislava), 62(3):335-344.

Latteur G, 1971. Evolution of aphid populations on winter wheat varieties (Gembloux, 1970). Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 36(3):928-939

Loxdale HD; Brookes CP, 1989. Separation of three Rubus-feeding species of aphid - Sitobion fragarip (Wlk.), Macrosiphum funestum (Macch.) and Amphorophora rubi (Kalt.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) - by electrophoresis. Annals of Applied Biology, 115(3):399-404

Loxdale HD; Brookes CP, 1990. Temporal genetic stability within and restricted migration (gene flow) between local populations of the blackberry-grain aphid Sitobion avenae in south-east England. Journal of Animal Ecology, 59(2):497-514

Messing RH; Tremblay MN; Mondor EB; Foottit RG; Pike KS, 2007. Invasive aphids attack native Hawaiian plants. Biological Invasions, 9(5):601-607.

Mian Inayatullah; Asad Ali; Maqsood Shah, 2003. Aphid species and percent parasitism by their parasitoids of the subfamily Aphidiinae (Braconidae: Hymenoptera) on wheat crop in plains of NWFP. Pakistan Entomologist, 25(2):137-139.

Mustafa T, 1988. The aphids of Jordan, III (Homoptera). A third list. Entomologica Basiliensia, 12:77-82

Natskova V, 1971. The parasites and predators of aphids on roses. Rastitelna Zashchita, 19(11):19-22

Palmer JM, 1974. Arthropoda of the subantarctic islands of New Zealand. (2). Hemiptera: Aphididae. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 4(3):303-306

Piron PGM, 1986. New aphid vectors of potato virus Y. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 92(5):223-229

Pungerl NB, 1986. Morphometric and electrophoretic study of Aphidius species (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) reared from a variety of aphid hosts. Systematic Entomology, 11(3):327-354

Rakauskas RP, 1986. Species of aphids, 1 new and 2 rare to the Lithuanian SSR, found in 19841985. Novye i redkie dlya Litovskoi SSR vidy nasekomykh. Soobshcheniya i opisaniya 1986 goda [edited by Ionaitis, V.] Vilnius, USSR; Institut Zoologii i Parazitologii Akademii Nauk Litovskoi SSR., 9-14

Robert Y; Rouze Jouan J, 1975. Etude des populations ailees de pucerons des cereales, Acyrthosiphon (Metopolophium) dirhodum Wlk, A. (M.) festucae Wlk, Macrosiphum (Sitobion) avenae F., M. (S.) fragariae Wlk et Rhopalosiphum padi L., en Bretagne de 1967 a 1975: examen des possibilites de prevision des attaques. Comptes Rendus des Seances de l'Academie d'Agriculture de France, 61(16):1006-1016.

Rupais A, 1989. The Aphids (Aphididea) of Latvia. Riga, Latvia: Latvian SSR Academy of Sciences.

Sauer A, 1999. Hygiene in rose houses is still important. (Hygiene im Rosenhaus nach wie vor wichtig.) TASPO Gartenbaumagazin, 8(2):31-33.

Shah SIA; Khan IA; Zahid Hussain; Maaz Ahmad; Shakeel Ahmad, 2007. Comparing the effectiveness of a biopesticide with three synthetic pesticides for aphid control in wheat. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 23(3):723-728.

Stary P, 1981. Biosystematic synopsis of parasitoids on cereal aphids in the western Palaearctic (Hymenoptera, Aphidiidae; Homoptera, Aphidoidea). Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca, 78(6):382-396.

Stary P; Rodriguez AF; Gerding PM; Norambuena MH; Remaudiere G, 1994. Distribucion, frecuencia, rango de hospederos y parasitismo de dos nuevas especies de afidos de cereales: Sitobion fragariae (Walker) y Metopolophium festucae cerealium Stroyan (Homoptera, Aphididae), en Chile. Agricultura Tecnica (Chile), 54(1):54-59.

Turak E; Hales DF, 1994. An allozyme method for identifying individual aphids of morphologically similar taxa (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 33(1):57-59

Turl LAD, 1980. An approach to forecasting the incidence of potato and cereal aphids in Scotland. Bulletin, Organization Europeenne et Mediterraneenne pour la Protection des Plantes, 10:135-141.

Vickerman GP; Wratten SD, 1979. The biology and pest status of cereal aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Europe: a review. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 69(1):1-32

Wangai AW, 1992. Barley yellow dwarf virus research in Kenya. Barley yellow dwarf in West Asia and North Africa. Proceedings of a workshop held at Rabat, Morocco, 19-21 November 1989 [edited by Comeau, A.; Makkouk, K.M.] Aleppo, Syria; International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, 109-111

Distribution Maps

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