Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Sitobion avenae
(wheat aphid)

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Datasheet

Sitobion avenae (wheat aphid)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Sitobion avenae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • wheat aphid
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Apterous morph, 1.3-3.3 mm long.
TitleApterous morph
CaptionApterous morph, 1.3-3.3 mm long.
CopyrightC.A. Dedryver & Chanber
Apterous morph, 1.3-3.3 mm long.
Apterous morphApterous morph, 1.3-3.3 mm long. C.A. Dedryver & Chanber
Alate morph, 1.6-2.9 mm long.
TitleAlate morph
CaptionAlate morph, 1.6-2.9 mm long.
CopyrightC.A. Dedryver & Chanber
Alate morph, 1.6-2.9 mm long.
Alate morphAlate morph, 1.6-2.9 mm long. C.A. Dedryver & Chanber
TitleBrown clone
Caption
CopyrightC.A. Dedryver & Chanber
Brown cloneC.A. Dedryver & Chanber
TitlePink clone
Caption
CopyrightC.A. Dedryver & Chanber
Pink cloneC.A. Dedryver & Chanber
TitleAdults mating
Caption
CopyrightC.A. Dedryver & Chanber
Adults matingC.A. Dedryver & Chanber
TitleOviparae and eggs
Caption
CopyrightC.A. Dedryver & Chanber
Oviparae and eggsC.A. Dedryver & Chanber
S. avenae on ears of wheat.
TitleS. avenae on wheat
CaptionS. avenae on ears of wheat.
CopyrightC.A. Dedryver
S. avenae on ears of wheat.
S. avenae on wheatS. avenae on ears of wheat. C.A. Dedryver

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Sitobion avenae (Fabricius, 1775)

Preferred Common Name

  • wheat aphid

Other Scientific Names

  • Amphorophora avenae (F.)
  • Aphis avenae Fabricius, 1775
  • Aphis cerealis Kaltenbach, 1843
  • Aphis granaria Kirby, 1798
  • Macrosiphon avenae (F.)
  • Macrosiphum allii Jackson, 1918
  • Macrosiphum avenae (Fabricius) Markkula, 1963
  • Macrosiphum cerealis (Kaltenbach)
  • Macrosiphum granarium (Kirby)
  • Nectarophora cerealis (Kaltenbach)
  • Siphonophora cerealis (Kaltenbach)
  • Sitobion cerealis (Kaltenbach)
  • Sitobion granarium (Kirby, 1798) Mordvilko, 1914
  • Sitobium avenae (F.)

International Common Names

  • English: English grain aphid; grain aphid
  • Spanish: pulgón de la avena; pulgón de la espiga; pulgón del trigo
  • French: petit puceron des céréales; puceron des céréales; puceron des épis; puceron du blé
  • Portuguese: pulgão da espiga do trigo

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: pulgão da espiga
  • Denmark: kornbladlus
  • Germany: große getreideblattlaus; kleine Getreide-Blattlaus
  • Israel: knimat shibolet hashual
  • Italy: afide del frumento
  • Netherlands: aarluis
  • Norway: kornbladluis
  • Sweden: sädesbladlus

EPPO code

  • MACSAV (Sitobion avenae)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Aphidoidea
  •                                 Family: Aphididae
  •                                     Genus: Sitobion
  •                                         Species: Sitobion avenae

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AfghanistanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
ChinaPresentQian et al., 1982; APPPC, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-BeijingPresentMa et al., 2003
-FujianPresentFu and Chen, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-GansuPresentZhang et al., 1983; Wei et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-HebeiPresentQian et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-HenanPresentLiu et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-Hong KongPresentAPPPC, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-HubeiPresentWang et al., 2004
-JiangsuPresentYang and Lin, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-LiaoningPresentLi et al., 2005
-NingxiaPresentDong et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-ShandongPresentLuo et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-SichuanPresentWang et al., 2004
-XinjiangPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-YunnanPresentChen et al., 2008
Georgia (Republic of)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
IndiaPresentSingh et al., 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-DelhiPresentChander, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-HaryanaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-Himachal PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-Indian PunjabPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-Jammu and KashmirPresentBhagat et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-Madhya PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-RajasthanPresentBaloch, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-Uttar PradeshPresentSingh et al., 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-West BengalPresentBasu and Khuda-Bukhsh, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2004
IranPresentMalhooji & Makoui, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004
IraqPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
IsraelPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
JapanRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2004
-HonshuPresentKojima et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2004
JordanPresentEl Zoubi et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2004
KazakhstanPresentSokokov, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2004
LebanonPresentMakkouk et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004
MyanmarPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
PakistanPresentBaloch, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2004
Saudi ArabiaPresentAlhag et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004
SyriaPresentSkaf et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2004
TajikistanPresentAbdulkhairova, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2004
ThailandPresentChongrattanameteekul et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2004
TurkeyPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
TurkmenistanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
UzbekistanPresentUdachin et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2004
YemenPresentErdelen, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2004

Africa

AlgeriaPresentRemaudière and Autrique, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2004
BurundiPresentRemaudière and Autrique, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EgyptPresentElnagar et al., 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EthiopiaPresentYusuf et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2004
KenyaPresentWangai, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2004
LibyaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
MoroccoPresentEl and Yamani Hill, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004
MozambiquePresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
South AfricaPresentBroodryk, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2004
Spain
-Canary IslandsPresentNieto and Nafria Mier Durante, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2004
TunisiaPresentRemaudière and Autrique, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2004
ZimbabwePresentCABI/EPPO, 2004

North America

CanadaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004
-AlbertaPresentHarper, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-British ColumbiaPresentForbes and Chan, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-ManitobaPresentBakker and Robinson, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-New BrunswickPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-Nova ScotiaPresentNeil et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-OntarioPresentFoot et al., 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-Prince Edward IslandPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-QuebecPresentComeau and Barnett, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-SaskatchewanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
MexicoPresentRanieri et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2004
USAWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004
-AlabamaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-ArizonaPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-ArkansasPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-CaliforniaPresentGildow and Rochow, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-ColoradoPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-ConnecticutPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-DelawarePresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-FloridaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-GeorgiaPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-IdahoPresentFeng et al., 1990a; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-IllinoisPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-IndianaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-IowaPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-KansasPresentRuppel, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-KentuckyPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-LouisianaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-MainePresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-MarylandPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-MassachusettsPresentFerro et al., 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-MichiganPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-MinnesotaPresentDiFonzo et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-MississippiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-MissouriPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-MontanaPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-NebraskaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-NevadaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-New HampshirePresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-New JerseyPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-New MexicoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-New YorkPresentRochow and Muller, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-North CarolinaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-North DakotaPresentBoeve and Weiss, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-OhioPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-OklahomaPresentBurton et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-OregonPresentGreene, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-PennsylvaniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-Rhode IslandPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-South CarolinaPresentGray et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-South DakotaPresentKieckhefer, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-TennesseePresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-TexasPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-UtahPresentKnowlton, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-VermontPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-VirginiaPresentMcPherson and Brann, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-WashingtonPresentHalbert and Pike, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-West VirginiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-WisconsinPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-WyomingPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004

Central America and Caribbean

CubaPresentHolman, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2004

South America

ArgentinaPresentDelfino, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2004
BrazilRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2004
-ParanaPresentLazzari and Foerster, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-Rio Grande do SulPresentFagundes et al., 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-Santa CatarinaPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-Sao PauloPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
ChilePresentCarillo & Zuniga, 1974; Carillo et al., 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2004
ColombiaPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EcuadorPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
PeruPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004
UruguayPresentNHM; CABI/EPPO, 2004

Europe

AlbaniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
AndorraPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
AustriaPresentFaber, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2004
BelarusPresentSamersov and Buga, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2004
BelgiumPresentLatteur, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2004
Bosnia-HercegovinaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004
BulgariaPresentKontev, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2004
CroatiaPresentIgrc, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004
CyprusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
Czech RepublicPresentHonek, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2004
Czechoslovakia (former)PresentBaran and Pidany, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2004
DenmarkPresentPedersen et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2004
FinlandPresentRautapõõ, 1970; Rautapõõ, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2004
FrancePresentDedryver, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2004
GermanyPresentBasedow, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2004
GreecePresentLykouressis and Tsitsipis, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2004
HungaryPresentSzirmai, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2004
IrelandWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004
ItalyPresentMarzocchi & Nicol, 1991; Osler, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2004
LatviaPresentDamrose, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2004
LithuaniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
LuxembourgPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
MacedoniaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004
MoldovaPresentRabichuk, 1985; Kiriyak and Katana, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2004
NetherlandsPresentDaamen, 1981; Rabbinge et al., 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2004
NorwayPresentAnon., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2004
PolandPresentJasiolek et al., 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2004
PortugalPresentIlharco et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-MadeiraPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
-Portugal (mainland)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004
RomaniaPresentManolache et al., 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2004
Russian FederationRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2004
-Central RussiaPresentShurovenkov, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-Northern RussiaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004
-Russia (Europe)PresentShurovenkov, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-SiberiaPresentBokina, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-Southern RussiaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004
-Western SiberiaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004
SlovakiaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004
SloveniaPresentTrdan and Milevoj, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2004
SpainPresentNieto Nafria & Mier Durante, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-Balearic IslandsPresentSeco and Mier, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2004
-Spain (mainland)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004
SwedenPresentAndersson, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2004
SwitzerlandPresentDerron et al., 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2004
UKPresentDean, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2004
UkrainePresentAssaul and Peresypkina, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2004
Yugoslavia (former)PresentMitic and Muzina Srdic, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2004
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Inflorescence / discoloration panicle
Leaves / abnormal colours

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Adalia bipunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Aeolothrips intermedius Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Agonum dorsale Predator Adults/Nymphs
Allograpta pulchra Predator Adults/Nymphs
Allothrombium mossi Parasite
Allothrombium triticium Parasite
Alloxysta macrophadna Parasite
Alloxysta victrix Parasite
Anystis baccarum Predator Adults/Nymphs
Aphelinus abdominalis Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphelinus asychis Parasite Adults/Larvae/Nymphs/Pupae Chile cereals
Aphelinus varipes Parasite Adults/Nymphs Chile cereals
Aphidius camerunensis Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius colemani Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius ervi Parasite Adults/Nymphs Chile; Poland; USSR cereals; wheat
Aphidius frumentarius Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius matricariae Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius pascuroum Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius picipes Parasite Adults/Nymphs Poland; USSR cereals; wheat
Aphidius rhopalosiphi Parasite Adults/Nymphs Chile; Poland cereals
Aphidius urticae Parasite Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Aphidius uzbekistanicus Parasite Adults/Nymphs Chile; France; Poland; USSR cereals; wheat
Aphidoletes aphidimyza Predator Adults/Nymphs
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Bembidion lampros Predator Adults/Nymphs
Bembidion obtusum Predator Adults/Nymphs
Bembidion quadrimaculatum Predator Adults/Nymphs
Cantharis lateralis Predator USSR wheat
Cheilomenes lunata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Cheilomenes sexmaculata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Chrysopa abbreviata Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Chrysopa formosa Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Chrysopa hummeli Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Chrysopa phyllochroma Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Chrysoperla carnea Predator Adults/Nymphs
Coccinella novemnotata Predator
Coccinella septempunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Coccinella transversalis Predator
Coccinella transversoguttata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Coccinella undecimpunctata Predator Nymphs
Coccinula quatuordecimpustulata Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Coleomegilla maculata Predator Adults/Nymphs Chile cereals
Conidiobolus coronatus Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Conidiobolus obscurus Pathogen Adults/Larvae/Nymphs/Pupae Finland; Netherlands Poaceae; wheat
Conidiobolus thromboides Pathogen Adults/Larvae/Nymphs/Pupae
Demetrias atricapillus Predator Adults/Larvae/Nymphs/Pupae
Dendrocerus carpenteri Parasite
Dendrocerus laticeps Parasite
Diaeretiella rapae Parasite Adults/Nymphs Poland; USSR cereals; wheat
Ephedrus plagiator Parasite Adults/Nymphs China; Yunnan; Poland; USSR cereals; wheat
Episyrphus balteatus Predator Adults/Nymphs Netherlands; UK; USSR cereals; wheat
Erigone atra Predator Adults/Nymphs
Erynia neoaphidis Pathogen Adults/Nymphs Finland; Netherlands wheat
Eupeodes corollae Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR
Fusarium oxysporum Pathogen Adults/Nymphs Italy maize; wheat
Fusarium sporotrichioides Pathogen Adults/Nymphs Italy maize; wheat
Gibberella cyanogena Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Harpalus rufipes Predator Adults/Nymphs
Hemerobius humulinus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Hippodamia convergens Predator Adults/Nymphs
Hippodamia parenthesis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Hippodamia quinquesignata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Hippodamia tredecimpunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Hippodamia variegata Predator Adults/Nymphs Chile cereals
Lecanicillium lecanii Pathogen Adults/Nymphs Italy maize; wheat
Lipolexis scutellaris Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Lysiphlebia mirzai Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Lysiphlebus delhiensis Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Malachius geniculatus Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Malachius marginellus Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Monoctonus nervosus Parasite Adults/Nymphs Chile cereals
Monotrombium simplicium Parasite
Nabis ferus Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Nebria brevicollis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Oenopia sauzeti Predator Adults/Nymphs
Orius insidiosus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Orius majusculus Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Orius niger compressicornis Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Pandora neoaphidis Pathogen Adults/Larvae/Nymphs/Pupae
Pardosa agrestis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Pardosa amentata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Pardosa palustris Predator Adults/Nymphs
Phaenoglyphis villosa Parasite
Philonthus cognatus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Platypalpus pictitarsis Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Praon dorsale Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Praon gallicum Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Praon volucre Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Propylea quatuordecimpunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Propylea quatuordecimpunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Pterostichus madidus Predator
Pterostichus melanarius Predator Adults/Nymphs
Scaeva pyrastri Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Sphaerophoria menthastri Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Sphaerophoria philanthus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Sphaerophoria rueppellii Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Sphaerophoria scripta Predator Adults/Nymphs USSR wheat
Syrphus ribesii Predator Adults/Nymphs
Syrphus vitripennis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Tachyporus chrysomelinus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Tachyporus hypnorum Predator Adults/Nymphs
Tachyporus obtusus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Toxares deltiger Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Trechus quadristriatus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Trioxys auctus Parasite Adults/Nymphs Poland cereals
Trioxys indicus Parasite Adults/Nymphs

References

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Abdulkhairova S, 1979. The injuriousness of cereal aphids. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 10:44.

Alhag EA; Al-Rokaibah AA; Zaitoon AA, 1996. Natural enemies of cereal aphids in sprinkler-irrigated wheat in central Saudi Arabia. Bulletin of Faculty of Agriculture, University of Cairo, 47(4):649-663; 19 ref.

Altieri MA; Klein-Koch C, 1989. El control biologico clasico en America Latin en su contexto historico. Manejo Integrado de Plagas (Costa Rica), 12:82-107.

Andersson K, 1978. The economic importance of aphids in grain crops in Sweden. Norwegian Journal of Entomology, 25:99-100

Ankersmit GW; Bell C; Dijkman H; Mace N; Rietstra S; Schroder J; Visser Cde, 1986. Incidence of parasitism by Aphidius rhopalosiphi in colour forms of the aphid Sitobion avenae. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 40(3):223-229

Anon., 1991. Aphids on cereals. Norwegian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6 (Supplément):15-19.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Aqueel MA; Leather SR, 2012. Nitrogen fertiliser affects the functional response and prey consumption of Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) feeding on cereal aphids. Annals of Applied Biology, 160(1):6-15. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1744-7348.2011.00514.x/full

Aqueel MA; Leather SR, 2013. Virulence of Verticillium lecanii (Z.) against cereal aphids; does timing of infection affect the performance of parasitoids and predators? Pest Management Science, 69(4):493-498. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.3398/abstract

Aruta M C; Carrillo L R; Gonzalez M S, 1974. Determination of the fungi of the genus Entomophthora that attack insects in Chile.I. Agro Sur, 2(2):62-70

Aslam M; Ahmad I, 1990. Barley Yellow Dwarf in Pakistan. In: Burnett PA, ed. World Perspectives on Barley Yellow Dwarf. Mexico: CIMMYT.

Assaul DB; Peresypkina TN, 1975. The cereal aphid on winter wheat. Zashchita Rastenii, No.2:51

Aziz MA; Munir Ahmad; Nasir MF; Muhammad Naeem, 2013. Efficacy of different neem (Azadirachta indica) products in comparison with imidacloprid against English grain aphid (Sitobion avenae) on wheat. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 15(2):279-284. http://www.fspublishers.org/ijab/past-issues/IJABVOL_15_NO_2/14.pdf

Ba-Angood SA; Stewart RK, 1980. Sequential sampling for cereal aphids on barley in southwestern Quebec. Journal of Economic Entomology, 73(5):679-681

Bakker T; Robinson AG, 1975. Movements of English grain aphids on barley plants. Manitoba Entomologist, 9:9-12

Baloch AA, 1993. Effect of different temperatures on the efficacy of different pesticides on Sitobion avenae and its predator Coccinella septempunctata. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 9(4):295-302

Baloch UK, 1976. Wheat pests in Pakistan. Report, CENTO Scientific Programme, 10-14

Baran M; Pidany J, 1975. Sitobion avenae (Fabr.): damage to wheat crops and economic effect of exterminative measure. VIII International Plant Protection Congress, Moscow, 1975. Reports and informations. Section I. Economic problems. Moscow. USSR, 1-17

Basedow T, 1976. On the occurrence of cereal aphid species (Hom., Aphididae) in wheat-growing areas of northern Germany (1974/75). Anzeiger fur Schadlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz, 49(1):9-14

Basky Z; Fónagy A, 2003. Glutenin and gliadin contents of flour derived from wheat infested with different aphid species. Pest Management Science, 59(4):426-430.

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