Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Stegobium paniceum
(drugstore beetle)

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Datasheet

Stegobium paniceum (drugstore beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Stegobium paniceum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • drugstore beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Stegobium paniceum (Linnaeus)

Preferred Common Name

  • drugstore beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Anobium paniceum Linnaeus
  • Sitodrepa panicea Fabricius

International Common Names

  • English: biscuit beetle; bread beetle
  • Spanish: carcoma panadera; escarabajo de las droguerias; mayate del tabaco
  • French: coleoptere des drogueries; stégobie des pharmacies; vrillette du pain

Local Common Names

  • Germany: brot-kaefer
  • Iran: susske nan
  • Israel: nover halechem
  • Italy: anobio del pane; tarlo del pane
  • Netherlands: broodtorretje; kruidenkever
  • Norway: brodbille
  • Turkey: bakkal bocegi

EPPO code

  • STEGPA (Stegobium paniceum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Anobiidae
  •                             Genus: Stegobium
  •                                 Species: Stegobium paniceum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentJanisch (1923)
EgyptPresentJanisch (1923)
MauritiusPresentMoutia (1933)
SenegalPresentMallamaire (1954)
South AfricaPresentHarney (1993)

Asia

BangladeshPresentRezaur et al. (1982)
ChinaPresentJanisch (1923)
IndiaPresent, WidespreadJanisch (1923)
-DelhiPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: FAO, 1975
-GoaPresentSrinath and Prasad (1975)
-HaryanaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: FAO, 1975
-Himachal PradeshPresentSrinath and Prasad (1975)
-Jammu and KashmirPresentSrivastava and Saxena (1975)
-KarnatakaPresentSrinath and Prasad (1975)
-KeralaPresentSrinath and Prasad (1975)
-Madhya PradeshPresentSrinath and Prasad (1975)
-PunjabPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: FAO, 1975
-Tamil NaduPresentRAMAKRISHNA AYYAR (1934); Srinath and Prasad (1975)
-Uttar PradeshPresentSrinath and Prasad (1975)
IndonesiaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: den (1917)
IsraelPresentHalperin and Espanol (1978)
JapanPresentItoh (1980)
-HonshuPresentItoh (1980)
PhilippinesPresentSakai (1987)
SingaporePresent, WidespreadAVA (2001)
TaiwanPresentTakahashi (1937)

Europe

CzechiaPresentHavelka (1945)
DenmarkPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Ferdinandsen & Rostrup, 1920
GermanyPresent, WidespreadSchmidt and Gräbner (1987)
ItalyPresent, WidespreadFRILLI (1965)
NetherlandsPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Bosman & Jonge, 1981
NorwayPresentSchoyen (1916)
RussiaPresentPortchinsky (1913)
SpainPresentEspanol (1969)
SwedenPresentMathlein (1967)
UkrainePresentZerova and Abol'-Zakhav (1983)
United KingdomPresent, WidespreadSOLOMON and ADAMSOX (1955)

North America

BarbadosPresentBovell (1921)
CanadaPresentSinha and Watters (1985)
-OntarioPresentSinha and Watters (1985)
JamaicaPresentLartner (1937)
MexicoPresentRamirez (1921)
United StatesPresent, WidespreadUSDA (1978)
-CaliforniaPresentOlson et al. (1987)
-ConnecticutPresentBritton (1925)
-GeorgiaPresentBissell (1935)
-HawaiiPresentWHITNEY (1927)
-KansasPresentNansen et al. (2004)
-MarylandPresentBACK and COTTON (1930)
-MissouriPresentStone (1949)
-New YorkPresentPechuman (1937)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentZeck (1943)
FijiPresentLever (1943)

South America

ChilePresentOlaliquiaga-Faure (1953)
ColombiaPresentDE ONG (1948)
PeruPresentWille (1934)
VenezuelaPresentJanisch (1923)

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Seeds / external feeding
Whole plant / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Anisopteromalus calandrae Parasite Larvae
Cephalonomia gallicola Parasite Larvae
Lariophagus distinguendus Parasite Larvae
Lariophagus puncticollis Parasite Larvae
Peregrinator biannulipes Predator Larvae/Nymphs/Pupae
Pteromalus cerealellae Parasite
Pyemotes tritici Predator Adults/Eggs/Larvae/Nymphs/Pupae
Termatophyllum insigne Predator Larvae/Nymphs/Pupae
Tilloidea notatus Predator Larvae/Nymphs/Pupae
Tillus notatus Predator
Tribolium castaneum Predator
Xylocoris flavipes Predator Larvae/Nymphs/Pupae

References

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AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services, Plant Health Centre, Agri-food & Veterinary Authority, Singapore.

Azab AK, 1954. Observations on the biological races of Stegobium paniceum. Bulletin de la Societe Fouad 1er d'Entomologie, 38:59-80.

Back EA; Cotton RT, 1930. Insect pests of upholstered furniture. Journal of Economic Entomology, 23:833-837.

Barratt BIP, 1977. Sex pheromone emission by female Stegobium paniceum (L.) (Coleoptera: Anobiidae) in relation to reproductive maturation and oviposition. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 67(3):491-499

Bissell TL, 1935. Insects infesting cottonseed meal. Journal of Economic Entomology, 28:835.

Bosman BT; de Jonge JT, 1981. Hinderlijke of schadelijke mijten en insekten in en om gebouwen in 1980. Entomologische Berichten, 41:81-83.

Bovell JR, 1921. Insect pests and fungoid diseases, etc. Report of the Department of Agriculture, Barbados, 1918-1919, 22-27.

Britton WE, 1925. Twenty-fifth report of the state entomologist of Connecticut. Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, Bulletin 275, 215-330.

De Ong ER, 1948. Damage to coffee by the drug store beetle. Journal of Economic Entomology, 41:124-125.

den Doop JEA, 1917. Lasioderma and Anobium in coriander and caraway seed. Meded. Deli Proefstation, Medan, 10:190-202.

Espanol F, 1969. Anobiides nuisibles en Espagne au bois ouvre. Memorie della Societa Entomologica Italiana, 48:25-28.

Ferdinandsen C; Rostrop S, 1920. Report on insect pests and fungus diseases of the field and orchard in 1918. Tidsskrift for Planteavl, Copenhagen, 26:683-733.

Ferdinandsen C; Rostrop S, 1920. Report on insect pests and fungus diseases of the field and orchard in 1918. Tidsskrift for Planteavl, Copenhagen, 26:683-733.

Food and Agriculture Organization, 1975. Outbreaks and new records. Plant Protection Bulletin, FAO, 23(2):49-54

Frilli F, 1965. Infested pasta. Investigation on the frequency of injurious insects and of their parasites. Molini Italiano, No. 7, 247-257.

Halperin J; Espanol F, 1978. The Anobiidae (Coleoptera) of Israel and Near East. Israel Journal of Entomology, 12:5-18

Harney M, 1993. A guide to the insects of stored grain in South Africa. Pretoria, South Africa; Plant Protection Research Institute, vii + 129 pp.

Havelka J, 1945. Contribution to the occurrence of Ptinus tectus in our fauna. Veda Prir., 23:181-182.

Highland HH, 1984. Insect infestation of packages. In: Baur FJ, ed. Insect management for food storage and processing, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: American Association of Cereal Chemists, 309-320.

Itoh H, 1980. Habits of Cephalonomia gallicola (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae). Japanese Journal of Sanitary Zoology, 31(4):296-298

Janisch E, 1923. Zur Bekampflungsbiologie des Brotkafers Sitodrepa panicea. Arbeiten. Biologischen Reichsanstalt fuer Land- und Forstwirtschaft (Berlin).

Kuwahara Y; Fukami H; Ishii S; Matsumura F; Burkholder WE, 1975. Studies on the isolation and bioassay of the sex pheromone of the drugstore beetle, Stegobium paniceum (Coleoptera: Anobiidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 1(4):413-422

Lartner LNH, 1937. Report of the government botanist. 6. Insect pests. Report of the Department of Science and Agriculture of Jamaica, 1936, 71-72.

Lefkovitch LP, 1967. A laboratory study of Stegobium paniceum. Journal of Stored Product Research, 3:235-249.

Lever RJAW, 1943. Entomological notes. Agricultural Journal of Fiji, 14:14-18.

Linsley EG, 1942. Wood-boring habit of the drugstore beetle. Journal of Economic Entomology, 35:452.

Mallamaire A, 1954. Les insectes nuisibles aux produits vegetaux et denrees alimentaires entreposes a Dakar. Bulletin de Protection Vegetaux AOF, No. 1:48-57.

Mathlein R, 1967. Experiments with phostoxin as a fumigant for infested commodities. In Report of the International conference on the protection of stored products. Lisbon, Portugal 1967: Publications of European Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (ser. A) no. 46E, 71-73.

Moutia A, 1933. Entomological Division. Report of the Department of Agriculture of Mauritius, 1932, 43-51.

Nansen C; Subramanyam B; Roesli R, 2004. Characterizing spatial distribution of trap captures of beetles in retail pet stores using SADIE® software. Journal of Stored Products Research, 40(5):471-483. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T8Y-49PYKXN-1&_user=3796239&_handle=V-WA-A-W-AA-MsSAYVA-UUA-U-AAWWDEZABZ-AAWUBDZEBZ-WUVVACDWZ-AA-U&_fmt=summary&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F2004&_rdoc=1&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%235099%232004%23999599994%23511690!&_cdi=5099&view=c&_acct=C000000593&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=3796239&md5=58090e60aaa01f6ef72c4ce2b983bb53

Olaliquiaga-Faure G, 1953. Pests of edible legumes in Chile. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 1:166-168.

Olson AR; Bryce JR; Lara JR; Madenjian JJ; Potter RW; Reynolds GM; Zimmerman ML, 1987. Survey of stored-product and other economic pests in import warehouses in Los Angeles. Journal of Economic Entomology, 80(2):455-459

Pechuman LL, 1937. Lariophagous distinguendus parasitic on Stegobium paniceum in New York. Journal of Economic Entomology, 30:563.

Portchinsky IA, 1913. Insects injurious to grain in stores and warehouses. Memoirs of the Bureau of Entomology of the Scientific Committee of the Central Board of Land Administration and Agriculture, St. Petersburg, No. 10.

Ramakrishna Ayyar TV, 1934. Insect pests of stored agricultural products and their control. Madras Agricultural Journal, 22:174-177.

Ramirez R, 1921. Beetles and moths of grain stores and flours. Secretario Agricultura y Fomento, Circular 5.

Rezaur R; Amed M; Hossain M; Nahar G, 1982. A preliminary report on the problems of dried spice pests and their control. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology, 10:141-144.

Sakai M, 1987. The anobiid beetles from the Philippines (Coleoptera). Kontyu, 55(2):284-297

Schmidt HU; Grabner H, 1987. Stored products protection activities of the Berlin Plant Protection Office. Animal pests in foodstuffs and luxury goods in warehouses and control measures in the years 19801986. Anzeiger fur Schadlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz, 60(6):110-113

Schoyen TH, 1916. Report on the injurious insects and fungi of the field and the orchard in 1915. Kristiania, 1916, 37-92.

Sinha RN; Watters FL, 1985. Insect pests of flour mills, grain elevators, and feed mills and their control. Publication, Agriculture Canada, No. 1776:290pp.

Solomon ME; Adamson BE, 1955. The powers of survival of storage and domestic pests under winter conditions in Britain. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 46:311-355.

Srinath D; Prasad C, 1975. Lasioderma serricorne F. as a major pest of stored turmeric. Bulletin of Grain Technology, 13(3):170-171

Srivastava JB; Saxena BP, 1975. Lasioderma serricorne Fabr. and Stegobium paniceum Linn. Anobiidae: Coleoptera) as pests of stored drugs. Science and Culture, 41(10):478-479

Stone PC, 1949. Drug store beetle infecting calf starter pellets. Journal of Economic Entomology, 42:371.

Takahashi R, 1937. A brief survey of present knowledge of store pests in the island of Formosa. Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft Vorratsschutz, 13:4-6.

USDA, 1978. Stored Grain Insects. In: USDA-ARS Agricultural Handbook No. 500. Washington, DC, USA: USDA-ARS. .

Van Emden F, 1929. Ueber die Rolle der Feuchtigkeit in Leben der Speicherschadlinge. Anzeiger fuer Schaedlingskunde, 5:58-60.

Whitney LA, 1927. Report of Associate Plant Inspector, April-September 1927. Hawaiian Forestry and Agriculture, 24:85-91.

Wille J, 1934. On some stored product and warehouse pests in Peru. Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft Vorratsschutz, 10:4-8.

ZECK EH, 1943. Pests of dried fruit. Agric. Gaz. N.S.W, 54:67-71.

Zerova MD; Abol'-Zakhav AOA, 1983. Discovery in the Ukraine of Lariophagus distinguendus Forster (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae) - a natural enemy of the biscuit beetle. Vestnik Zoologii, No. 2:87

Distribution References

AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services., Singapore: Plant Health Centre Agri-food & Veterinary Authority.

BACK E A , COTTON R T, 1930. Insect Pests of upholstered Furniture. Journal of Economic Entomology. 23 (5), 833-837 pp. DOI:10.1093/jee/23.5.833

Bissell T L, 1935. Insects infesting Cottonseed Meal. Journal of Economic Entomology. 28 (5), 835 p.

Bovell J R, 1921. Report of the Department of Agriculture, Barbados, 1918-1919. 22-27.

Britton W E, 1925. Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, 215-330.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

DE ONG E R , 1948. Damage to Coffee by the Drug Store Beetle. Journal of Economic Entomology. 41 (1), 124-125 pp. DOI:10.1093/jee/41.1.124

Espanol F, 1969. Anobiidae injurious to worked timber in Spain (Coleoptera). (Anobiides nuisibles en Espagne au bois ouvre (Coleoptera).). Memorie della Societa Entomologica Italiana. 48 (1 B), 25-28.

FRILLI F, 1965. Infested pasta. Investigations on the frequency of injurious insects and of their parasites. (Le paste intestate. Indagine sirila frequenza degli insetti dannosi e del loro parassiti.). Molini d'Italia.

Halperin J, Espanol F, 1978. The Anobiidae (Coleoptera) of Israel and Near East. In: Israel Journal of Entomology. 12 5-18.

Harney M, 1993. A guide to the insects of stored grain in South Africa. Pretoria, South Africa: Plant Protection Research Institute. vii + 129 pp.

Havelka J, 1945. Contribution to the occurrence of Ptinus tectus in our fauna. Veda Prirodni. 181-182.

Itoh H, 1980. Habits of Cephalonomia gallicola (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae). Japanese Journal of Sanitary Zoology. 31 (4), 296-298.

Janisch E, 1923. Control biology of the bread-beetle Sitodrepa panicea. (Zur Bekampflungsbiologie des Brotkafers Sitodrepa panicea.). In: Arbeiten. Biologischen Reichsanstalt fuer Land- und Forstwirtschaft (Berlin).

Lartner L N H, 1937. Report of the Department of Science and Agriculture of Jamaica, 1936. 71-72.

Lever R J A W, 1943. Entomological notes. Agricultural Journal of Fiji. 14-18.

Mallamaire A, 1954. [English title not available]. (Les insectes nuisibles aux produits vegetaux et denrees alimentaires entreposes a Dakar.). In: Bulletin de Protection Vegetaux AOF. 48-57.

Mathlein R, 1967. Experiments with phostoxin as a fumigant for infested commodities. In: Report of the International conference on the protection of stored products, Lisbon, Portugal: Publications of European Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (ser. A). 71-73.

Moutia A, 1933. Report of the Department of Agriculture of Mauritius, 1932. 43-51.

Nansen C, Subramanyam B, Roesli R, 2004. Characterizing spatial distribution of trap captures of beetles in retail pet stores using SADIE® software. Journal of Stored Products Research. 40 (5), 471-483. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T8Y-49PYKXN-1&_user=3796239&_handle=V-WA-A-W-AA-MsSAYVA-UUA-U-AAWWDEZABZ-AAWUBDZEBZ-WUVVACDWZ-AA-U&_fmt=summary&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F2004&_rdoc=1&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%235099%232004%23999599994%23511690!&_cdi=5099&view=c&_acct=C000000593&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=3796239&md5=58090e60aaa01f6ef72c4ce2b983bb53 DOI:10.1016/S0022-474X(03)00049-3

Olaliquiaga-Faure G, 1953. Pests of edible legumes in Chile. Plant Protection Bulletin, F.A.O. 166-168.

Olson A R, Bryce J R, Lara J R, Madenjian J J, Potter R W, Reynolds G M, Zimmerman M L, 1987. Survey of stored-product and other economic pests in import warehouses in Los Angeles. Journal of Economic Entomology. 80 (2), 455-459. DOI:10.1093/jee/80.2.455

Pechuman L L, 1937. Lariophagus distinguendus Foerst. parasitic on Sitodrepa panicea L. in New York. Journal of Economic Entomology. 30 (3), 563 p.

Portchinsky I A, 1913. Insects injurious to grain in stores and warehouses. In: Memoirs of the Bureau of Entomology of the Scientific Committee of the Central Board of Land Administration and Agriculture, St. Petersburg,

RAMAKRISHNA AYYAR T V, 1934. Insect Pests of stored agricultural Products and their Control. Madras Agricultural Journal. 22 (5), 174-177 pp.

Ramirez R, 1921. Beetles and moths of grain stores and flours. In: Beetles and moths of grain stores and flours.

Rezaur R, Ahmed M, Hossain M, Nahar G, 1982. A preliminary report on the problems of dried spice pests and their control. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology. 10 (2), 141-144.

Sakai M, 1987. The anobiid beetles from the Philippines (Coleoptera). Kontyû. 55 (2), 284-297.

Schmidt H U, Gräbner H, 1987. Stored products protection activities of the Berlin Plant Protection Office. Animal pests in foodstuffs and luxury goods in warehouses and control measures in the years 1980-1986. (Aus der Vorratsschutz-Arbeit des Pflanzenschutzamtes Berlin. Tierische Schädlinge in Nahrungs- und Genussmitteln der Grosslagerhaltung und Bekämpfungsmassnahmen in den Jahren 1980-1986.). Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz. 60 (6), 110-113. DOI:10.1007/BF01908558

Schoyen T H, 1916. Report on the injurious insects and fungi of the field and the orchard in 1915. In: Kristiania, 1916

Sinha R N, Watters F L, 1985. Publication, Agriculture Canada. 290pp.

SOLOMON M E , ADAMSOX B E, 1955. The Powers of Survival of storage and domestic Pests under Winter Conditions in Britain. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 46 (pt. 2), 311-355 ; 5 pp. DOI:10.1017/S0007485300030947

Srinath D, Prasad C, 1975. Lasioderma serricorne F. as a major pest of stored turmeric. Bulletin of Grain Technology. 13 (3), 170-171.

Srivastava J B, Saxena B P, 1975. Lasioderma serricorne Fabr. and Stegobium paniceum Linn. Anobiidae: Coleoptera) as pests of stored drugs. Science and Culture. 41 (10), 478-479.

Stone P C, 1949. Drug Store Beetle infecting Calf Starter Pellets. Journal of Economic Entomology. 42 (2), 371 p.

Takahashi R, 1937. A brief survey of present knowledge of store pests in the island of Formosa. Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft Vorratsschutz. 4-6.

USDA, 1978. Stored Grain Insects. In: USDA-ARS Agricultural Handbook No. 500, Washington, DC, USA: USDA-ARS.

WHITNEY L A, 1927. Report of Associate Plant Inspector, April-September 1927. Hawaiian Forester and Agriculturist. 24 (3), 85-91 pp.

Wille J, 1934. On some stored product and warehouse pests in Peru. Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft Vorratsschutz. 4-8.

Zeck E H, 1943. Pests of dried fruit. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales. 67-71.

Zerova M D, Abol'-Zakhav A O A, 1983. Discovery in the Ukraine of Lariophagus distinguendus Forster (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae) - a natural enemy of the biscuit beetle. Vestnik Zoologii. 87.

Distribution Maps

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