Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Squash mosaic virus
(squash mosaic)

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Datasheet

Squash mosaic virus (squash mosaic)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Squash mosaic virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • squash mosaic
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Group: "RNA viruses"
  •       Order: Picornavirales
  •         Family: Secoviridae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Cantaloupe melon fruit showing chlorotic mottling and loss of netting on rind (left fruit) compared with healthy fruit (right).
TitleVirus symptoms on melon fruit
CaptionCantaloupe melon fruit showing chlorotic mottling and loss of netting on rind (left fruit) compared with healthy fruit (right).
CopyrightThomas A. Zitter
Cantaloupe melon fruit showing chlorotic mottling and loss of netting on rind (left fruit) compared with healthy fruit (right).
Virus symptoms on melon fruitCantaloupe melon fruit showing chlorotic mottling and loss of netting on rind (left fruit) compared with healthy fruit (right).Thomas A. Zitter

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Squash mosaic virus

Preferred Common Name

  • squash mosaic

Other Scientific Names

  • cucurbit ring mosaic virus
  • muskmelon mosaic comovirus
  • muskmelon necrotic mosaic virus
  • pumpkin mosaic virus
  • squash mosaic comovirus

International Common Names

  • English: cantaloupe mosaic virus; melon mosaic virus; muskmelon mosaic virus; watermelon virus
  • Spanish: mosaico de la calabazza
  • French: mosaique de la courge; mosaïque de la pastèque

Local Common Names

  • Germany: wassermelonenvirus
  • Italy: mosaico de la zucca

English acronym

  • SqMV

EPPO code

  • SQMV00 (Squash mosaic comovirus)

Subspecies

  • watermelon stunt virus

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Group: "RNA viruses"
  •             Order: Picornavirales
  •                 Family: Secoviridae
  •                     Subfamily: Comovirinae
  •                         Genus: Comovirus
  •                             Species: Squash mosaic virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresentWasfy and Fegla (1975); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
MoroccoPresentLockhart et al. (1982); Lockhart et al. (1985); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
TunisiaPresentMnari-Hattab et al. (2008)

Asia

BangladeshPresentAkanda et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
ChinaPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-HenanPresentGu QinSheng et al. (2008)
-ShaanxiPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-ShanxiPresentGu QinSheng et al. (2008)
-XinjiangPresentPei et al. (1982); Li et al. (1986); Li et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
IndiaPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-Uttar PradeshPresentGupta et al. (2004)
-West BengalPresentMukhopadhyay (1973)
IranPresentIzadpanah (1987); Izadpanah (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
IsraelPresentNitzany (1975); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
JapanPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-HokkaidoPresentYoshida et al. (1980); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
JordanPresentMansour and Al-Musa (1993); Al-Musa et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
KazakhstanPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
LebanonPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
PhilippinesPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
SyriaPresentKassem et al. (2005)
TurkeyPresentGümüș et al. (2004)
YemenPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)

Europe

BulgariaPresentDikova and Hristova (2005)
CyprusPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Papayiannis et al. (2005)
CzechiaPresentSvoboda and Leisova-Svobodova (2011)
GreecePresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
ItalyPresentBerton (1992); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
NetherlandsPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)

North America

CanadaPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-OntarioPresentKemp et al. (1972); Kemp et al. (1974); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
HondurasPresentEspinoza and McLeod (1994); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
JamaicaPresentTurner and Stace-Smith (1979); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
MexicoPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
MontserratPresentThomas (1981); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
Puerto RicoPresentEPPO (2020)
United StatesPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-AlabamaPresentBrown et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-ArizonaPresentRosemeyer et al. (1986); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-ArkansasPresentMcLeod et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaPresentDodds et al. (1984); Nolan and Campbell (1984); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-FloridaPresentPurcifull et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-IllinoisPresentWalters et al. (2003)
-MassachusettsPresentKomm and Agrios (1978); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-MichiganPresentMAHONEY (1935)
-New YorkPresentProvvidenti and Robinson (1974); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-TexasPresentMiller (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-WisconsinPresentLINDBERG et al. (1956); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentCoutts and Jones (2005)
-Northern TerritoryPresentCoutts and Jones (2005)
-Western AustraliaPresentCoutts and Jones (2005)
New ZealandPresentThomas (1973); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
SamoaPresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)personal communication; Original citation: South Pacific Commission

South America

ArgentinaPresentMarch and Nome (1973); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
BrazilPresentCosta and Batista (1979); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-CearaPresentLima and Vieira (1992); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
-MaranhaoPresentMoura et al. (2001)
-PiauiPresentLima and Amaral (1985); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
ChilePresentEPPO (2020)
VenezuelaPresentLastra et al. (1975); Hernández et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal shape
Fruit / internal feeding
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Whole plant / dwarfing

References

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Akanda AM; Tsuno K; Wakimoto S, 1991. Serological detection of four plant viruses in cucurbitaceous crops from Bangladesh. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 57(4):499-505

Al-Musa A; Hadidi N; Mansour A, 1994. Squash mosaic virus in Jordan. Dirasat. Series B, Pure and Applied Sciences, 21(2):109-113

Alvarez M; Campbell RN, 1976. Influence of squash mosaic virus on yield and quality of cantaloup. Plant Disease Reporter, 60(7):636-639

Alvarez M; Campbell RN, 1978. Transmission and distribution of squash mosaic virus in seeds of cantaloupe. Phytopathology, 68(3):257-263

Avgelis AD; Katis N, 1989. Occurrence of squash mosaic virus in melons in Greece. Plant Pathology, 38(1):111-113

Berton F, 1992. Viruses of courgette. Colture Protette, 21(1):69-71

Brown JE; Dangler JM; Woods FM; Tilt KM; Henshaw MD; Griffey WA; West MS, 1993. Delay in mosaic virus onset and aphid vector reduction in summer squash grown on reflective mulches. HortScience, 28(9):895-896

CABI; EPPO, 1997. Squash mosaic comovirus. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, December (Edition 1). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 749.

Campbell RN, 1971. Squash mosaic virus. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses, No. 43. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biology.

Christie RG; Edwardson JR, 1977. Light and Electron Microscopy of Plant Virus Inclusions. Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations Monograph Series, 9:150 pp.

Cohen S; Nitzany FE, 1963. Identity of viruses affecting cucurbits in Israel. Phytopathology, 53:193-196.

Costa CL; Batista M deF, 1979. Virus diseases transmitted by beetles in Brazil. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 4:177-179.

Coutts BA; Jones RAC, 2005. Incidence and distribution of viruses infecting cucurbit crops in the Northern Territory and Western Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 56(8):847-858. http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/ajar

Delgadillo Sanchez F; Garzon Tiznado JA; Vega Pina A, 1989. Cucurbit viruses in Mexico: a survey. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatologia, 7(2):136-139

Demski JW, 1969. Local reaction and cross protection for strains of squash mosaic virus. Phytopathology, 59:251-252.

Dikova B; Hristova D, 2002. Detection of squash mosaic virus, zucchini yellow mosaic virus and cucumber mosaic virus in cucurbit seeds. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 8(2/3):201-210; 10 ref.

Dikova B; Hristova D, 2005. Detection of squash mosaic virus (SqMV), zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) and cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) in melon seeds. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 11(1):49-59. http://bjas.hit.bg/11/01-06.htm

Dodds JA; Lee JG; Nameth ST; Lpmmlen FF, 1984. Aphid- and whitefly-transmitted cucurbit viruses in Imperial County, California. Phytopathology, 74(2):221-225

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Espinoza HR; McLeod PJ, 1994. Use of row cover in cantaloupe (Cucumis melo L.) to delay infection of aphid-transmitted viruses in Honduras. Turrialba, 44(3):179-183

Faris-Mukhayyish S; Makkouk KM, 1983. Detection of four seed-borne plant viruses by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 106(2):108-114

Franken AAJM; Maat DZ; Kamminga GC, 1990. Detection of squash mosaic virus in seeds of melon (Cucumis melo) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 96(2):91-102

Freitag JH, 1941. Insect transmission, host range and properties of squash-mosaic virus. Abstract. Phytopathology, 31:8.

Freitag JH, 1956. Beetle transmission, host range and properties of squash mosaic virus. Phytopathology, 46:73-81.

Grogan RG; Hall DH; Kimble KA, 1959. Cucurbit mosaic viruses in California. Phytopathology, 49:366-376.

Gu QinSheng; Tian YanPing; Peng Bin; Liu LiFeng; Deng CongLiang; Liang XinMiao; Meng Juan, 2008. Molecular analysis of three cucurbit viruses based on coat protein gene sequences. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 38(4):357-363. http://zwblxb.periodicals.net.cn/default.html

Gupta PK; Ansari NA; Alka Gautam; Amita Pandey; Tewari JP, 2004. Incidence of some cucurbit virus isolates naturally infecting weed hosts around Devipatan Mandal in Tarai Region. Journal of Living World, 11(1):1-6.

Gümüs M; Erkan S; Tok S, 2004. Studies on determination of virus diseases in the seeds of some cucurbitaceous species. (BazI kabakgil türlerinin tohumlarIndaki viral etmenlerin saptanmasI üzerinde arastIrmalar.) Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 41(1):49-56.

Hernandez J; Trujillo GE; Albarracin M; Zapata F, 1989. New virus disease affecting cucurbits in Venezuela. Fitopatologia Venezolana, 2(1):23

Izadpanah K, 1987. Squash mosaic virus as the cause of melon veinbanding mosaic in Iran. Journal of Phytopathology, 120(3):276-282

Izadpanah K, 1989. Transmission of the Iranian isolate of the squash mosaic virus. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology, 25(1-4):3-5 (en), 11-15 (Pe)

Kassem AAH; Halim KA; Rifai OEG; Warrak W, 2005. The most important of viruses affecting cucurbits in Syria. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 23(1):1-6. http://www.asplantprotection.org/ASPP_Journal_Table.htm

Kemp WG; Wiebe J; Patrick ZA, 1972. Squash mosaic virus in muskmelon seed distributed commercially in Ontario. Canadian Plant Disease Survey, 52:58-59.

Kemp WG; Wiebe J; Troup PA, 1974. Occurrence of squash mosaic virus in muskmelon seeds available in Ontario in 1973. Canadian Plant Disease Survey, 54(2):43-44

Kendrick JB, 1934. Cucurbit mosaic transmitted by muskmelon seed. Phytopathology, 24:820-823.

Komm DA; Agrios GN, 1978. Incidence and epidemiology of viruses affecting cucurbit crops in Massachusetts. Plant Disease Reporter, 62(8):746-750

Lange L; Jomantor A; Heide M, 1989. Testing seeds for viruses by dot immuno binding (DIB) directly on plain paper. Tidsskrift for Planteavl, 93(1):93-96

Lange L; Tien P; Begtrup J, 1983. The potential of ELISA and ISEM in seed health testing. Seed Science and Technology, 11:477-490.

Lastra JR; Acosta JM; Uzcategui Rde, 1975. Cucumis metuliferus as a local lesion host for squash mosaic virus. Plant Disease Reporter, 59(9):693-696

Li GX; Wang ZM; Zheng GY; Sun Y; Huang H; Song TS; Xie H; Tian B; Yang DH; Ke RM; Yi M; Bai YS; Ding YN, 1987. A study on prevention and control of Xinjiang Hami muskmelon virus disease on large scale. Acta Phytophylactica Sinica, 14(2):81-86

Li GX; Zhao CS; Xie H; Tian B, 1986. Types and distribution of Xinjiang hami melon viruses. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 16(3):135-138

Lima JAA; Amaral MRG, 1985. Purification and serology of squash mosaic virus isolated from watermelon. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 10(3):605-611

Lima JAA; Vieira AC, 1992. Distribution of squash mosaic virus in Ceara counties and host range of the isolate. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 17(1):112-114

Lindberg GD; Hall; DH; Walker JC, 1956. A study of melon and squash mosaic viruses. Phytopathology, 46:489-495.

Lockhart BEL; Ferji Z; Hafidi B, 1982. Squash mosaic virus in Morocco. Plant Disease, 66(12):1191-1193

Lockhart BEL; Jebbour F; Lennon AM, 1985. Seed transmission of squash mosaic virus in Chenopodium spp. Plant Disease, 69(11):946-947

Mahoney DH, 1935. Seed transmission of mosaic in inbred lines of muskmelon (Cucumis melo). Proceedings of the American Society of Horticultural Science, 32:477-480.

Mansour A; Al-Musa A, 1993. Reaction of cucumber and squash cultivars to four viruses. Dirasat. Series B, Pure and Applied Sciences, 20(1):7-11

March GJ; Nome SF, 1973. Squash (Cucurbita moschata Duch.) mosaic virus in Argentina. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, 5, 10(6):319-332

McLeod PJ; Scott HA; Kline AS, 1988. Squash mosaic virus (serotype 1) isolated from Cucurbita foetidissima in Northwest Arkansas. Plant Disease, 72(4):362

Middleton JT, 1944. Seed transmission of squash mosaic virus. Phytopathology, 34:405-410.

Middleton JT; Bohn GW, 1953. Cucumbers, melons, squash. In: Plant Diseases, Year Book of Agriculture. United States Department of Agriculture, 483-492.

Miller ME, 1989. Virus diseases of muskmelons in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. Journal of the Rio Grande Valley Horticultural Society, 42:19-23

Mnari-Hattab M; Jebari H; Zouba A, 2008. Identification and distribution of viruses responsible for mosaic diseases affecting cucurbits in Tunisia. (Identification et distribution des virus responsables de mosaiques chez les cucurbitacées en Tunisie.) Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 38(3):497-506. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/epp

Moura MCCL; Lima JAA; Oliveira VB; Gonçalves MFB, 2001. Serological identification of virus species infecting cucurbits in producing areas of the State of Maranhão, Brazil. (Identificação sorológica de espécies de vírus que infetam cucurbitáceas em áreas produtoras do Maranhão.) Fitopatologia Brasileira, 26(1):90-92.

Mukhopadhyay S, 1973. Viruses of cucurbitaceous crops I. Squash mosaic virus. Bulletin of the Botanical Society of Bengal, 27(1/2):55-58

Nelson MR; Knuhtsen HK, 1973a. Squash mosaic virus variability: epidemiological consequences of differences in seed transmission frequency between strains. Phytopathology, 63:918-920.

Nelson MR; Knuhtsen HK, 1973b. Squash mosaic virus variability: Review and serological comparison of six biotypes. Phytopathology, 63:920-926.

Nelson MR; Matejka JC; McDonald HH, 1965. Systemic infection of watermelon by a strain of squash mosaic virus. Phytopathology, 55:1362-1364.

Nelson; MR; Knuhtsen; HK, 1969. Relation of seed transmission to the epidemiology of squash mosaic virus strains. Phytopathology, 59:1042.

Nitzany FE, 1975. Review of vegetable virus diseases in Israel and their control. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 23(5):148-155

Nolan PA; Campbell RN, 1984. Squash mosaic virus detection in individual seeds and seed lots of cucurbits by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Plant Disease, 68(11):971-975

Papayiannis LC; Ioannou N; Boubourakas IN; Dovas CI; Katis NI; Falk BW, 2005. Incidence of viruses infecting cucurbits in Cyprus. Journal of Phytopathology, 153(9):530-535. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=jph

Papayiannis LC; Ioannou N; Boubourakas IN; Dovas CI; Katis NI; Falk BW, 2005. Incidence of viruses infecting cucurbits in Cyprus. Journal of Phytopathology, 153(9):530-535. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=jph

Papayiannis LC; Ioannou N; Boubourakas IN; Dovas CI; Katis NI; Falk BW, 2005. Incidence of viruses infecting cucurbits in Cyprus. Journal of Phytopathology, 153(9):530-535. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=jph

Pei M; Qiu B; Xie H; Zhao Z; Li G, 1982. On Hami-melon (Cucumis melo var. hami) mosaic virus diseases I. Etiology. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 12(4):27-32

Powell CC; Schlegel DE, 1970a. Factors influencing seed transmission of squash mosaic virus. Phytopathology, 60:1466-1469.

Powell CC; Schlegel DE, 1970b. Virus-specific 125I-labelled antibodies as a possible tool for indexing cantaloupe seeds for squash mosaic virus. Phytopathology, 60:1854-1855.

Provvidenti R, 1977. Evaluation of vegetable introductions from the People's Republic of China for resistance to viral diseases. Plant Disease Reporter, 61(10):851-855

Provvidenti R, 1981. Sources of resistance to viruses in Lagenaria siceraria. Report, Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative, (No. 4):38-40.

Provvidenti R; Robinson RW, 1974. Resistance to squash mosaic virus and watermelon mosaic virus 1 in Cucumis metuliferus. Plant Disease Reporter, 58:735-738.

Provvidenti R; Robinson RW; Munger HM, 1978. Resistance in feral species to six viruses infecting Cucurbita. Plant Disease Reporter, 62(4):326-329

Purcifull DE; Christie SR; Lima JAA, 1981. Detection of four isometric plant viruses in sodium dodecyl sulfate immunodiffusion tests. Phytopathology, 71(11):1221-1224

Purcifull DE; Simone GW; Baker CA; Hiebert E, 1988. Immunodiffusion tests for six viruses that infect cucurbits in Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 101:400-403

Rader WE; Fitzpatrick HF; Hildebrand EM, 1947. A seed-borne virus of muskmelon. Phytopathology, 37:809-816.

Rosemeyer ME; Brown JK; Nelson MR, 1986. Five viruses isolated from field-grown buffalo gourd (Cucurbita foetidissima), a potential crop for semiarid lands. Plant Disease, 70(5):405-409

Silva Vara A; Delgadillo Sanchez F, 1990. Virosis of squash (Cucurbita pepo L.) in the northwest of the State of Sinaloa. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatologia, 8(1):17-20

Svoboda J; Leisova-Svobodova L, 2011. First report of Squash mosaic virus in ornamental pumpkin in the Czech Republic. Plant Disease, 95(10):1321. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Thomas OSL, 1981. Virus diseases of cultivated plants in Montserrat. Tropical Pest Management, 27(4):461-464

Thomas W, 1973. Seed-transmited squash mosaic virus. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 16(4):561-567.

Turner MP; Stace-Smith R, 1979. Plant-virus disease survey of Jamaica. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 27(1):9-11

Walkey; DGA, 1992. Plant Virus Diseases of Yemen and Associated Areas. London, UK: Overseas Development Administration.

Walters SA; Kindhart JD; Hobbs HA; Eastburn DM, 2003. Viruses associated with cucurbit production in Southern Illinois. HortScience, 38(1):65-66.

Wasfy EH; Fegla GI, 1975. Control of powdery mildew and mosaic viruses of squash in Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Phytopathology, 7:89-91

Yoshida K; Goto T; Nemoto M; Tsuchizaki T, 1980. Squash mosaic virus isolated from melon (Cucumis melo L.) in Hokkaido. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 46(3):349-356

Zheng GY; Wang ZM; Sun Y; Li GX; Feng GZ; Qin W, 1984. Diagnosis of Xinjiang Hami muskmelon virus disease using immune electron microscopy. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 14(1):47-50

Distribution References

Akanda A M, Tsuno K, Wakimoto S, 1991. Serological detection of four plant viruses in cucurbitaceous crops from Bangladesh. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan. 57 (4), 499-505. DOI:10.3186/jjphytopath.57.499

Al-Musa A, Hadidi N, Mansour A, 1994. Squash mosaic virus in Jordan. Dirasat. Series B, Pure and Applied Sciences. 21 (2), 109-113.

Berton F, 1992. Viruses of courgette. (Le virosi dello zucchino.). Colture Protette. 21 (1), 69-71.

Brown J E, Dangler J M, Woods F M, Tilt K M, Henshaw M D, Griffey W A, West M S, 1993. Delay in mosaic virus onset and aphid vector reduction in summer squash grown on reflective mulches. HortScience. 28 (9), 895-896.

CABI, EPPO, 1997. Squash mosaic comovirus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 749.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Costa C L, Batista M de F, 1979. Virus diseases transmitted by beetles in Brazil. (Viroses trasmitidas por coleopteros no Brasil.). Fitopatologia Brasileira. 177-179.

Coutts B A, Jones R A C, 2005. Incidence and distribution of viruses infecting cucurbit crops in the Northern Territory and Western Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 56 (8), 847-858. http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/ajar DOI:10.1071/AR04311

Dikova B, Hristova D, 2005. Detection of squash mosaic virus (SqMV), zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) and cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) in melon seeds. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science. 11 (1), 49-59.

Dodds J A, Lee J G, Nameth S T, Laemmlen F F, 1984. Aphid- and whitefly-transmitted cucurbit viruses in Imperial County, California. Phytopathology. 74 (2), 221-225. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-74-221

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Espinoza H R, McLeod P J, 1994. Use of row cover in cantaloupe (Cucumis melo L.) to delay infection of aphid-transmitted viruses in Honduras. Turrialba. 44 (3), 179-183.

Gu QinSheng, Tian YanPing, Peng Bin, Liu LiFeng, Deng CongLiang, Liang XinMiao, Meng Juan, 2008. Molecular analysis of three cucurbit viruses based on coat protein gene sequences. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica. 38 (4), 357-363. http://zwblxb.periodicals.net.cn/default.html

Gümüș M, Erkan S, Tok S, 2004. Studies on determination of virus diseases in the seeds of some cucurbitaceous species. (Bazı kabakgil türlerinin tohumlarındaki viral etmenlerin saptanması üzerinde araștırmalar.). Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 41 (1), 49-56.

Gupta P K, Ansari N A, Alka Gautam, Amita Pandey, Tewari J P, 2004. Incidence of some cucurbit virus isolates naturally infecting weed hosts around Devipatan Mandal in Tarai Region. Journal of Living World. 11 (1), 1-6.

Hernández J, Trujillo G E, Albarracín M, Zapata F, 1989. New virus disease affecting cucurbits in Venezuela. (Nueva enfermedad viral afectando cucurbitaceas en Venezuela.). Fitopatología Venezolana. 2 (1), 23.

Izadpanah K, 1987. Squash mosaic virus as the cause of melon veinbanding mosaic in Iran. Journal of Phytopathology. 120 (3), 276-282. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.1987.tb04442.x

Izadpanah K, 1989. Transmission of the Iranian isolate of the squash mosaic virus. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology. 25 (1-4), 3-5 (en), 11-15 (Pe).

Kassem A A H, Halim K A, Rifai O E G, Warrak W, 2005. The most important of viruses affecting cucurbits in Syria. Arab Journal of Plant Protection. 23 (1), 1-6. http://www.asplantprotection.org/ASPP_Journal_Table.htm

Kemp W G, Wiebe J, Patrick Z A, 1972. Squash mosaic virus in muskmelon seed distributed commercially in Ontario. Canadian Plant Disease Survey. 52 (2), 58-59.

Kemp W G, Wiebe J, Troup P A, 1974. Occurrence of squash mosaic virus in muskmelon seeds available in Ontario in 1973. Canadian Plant Disease Survey. 54 (2), 43-44.

Komm D A, Agrios G N, 1978. Incidence and epidemiology of viruses affecting cucurbit crops in Massachusetts. Plant Disease Reporter. 62 (8), 746-750.

Lastra J R, Acosta J M, Uzcategui R de, 1975. Cucumis metuliferus as a local lesion host for squash mosaic virus. Plant Disease Reporter. 59 (9), 693-696.

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