Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Spinacia oleracea
(spinach)

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Datasheet

Spinacia oleracea (spinach)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Spinacia oleracea
  • Preferred Common Name
  • spinach
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Traditional/folklore
  • Vegetable

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Spinach (S. oleracea) seedlings grown as field crop.
TitleField crop
CaptionSpinach (S. oleracea) seedlings grown as field crop.
CopyrightAgrEvo
Spinach (S. oleracea) seedlings grown as field crop.
Field cropSpinach (S. oleracea) seedlings grown as field crop.AgrEvo
Spinach (S. oleracea) being commercially harvested.
TitleHarvesting
CaptionSpinach (S. oleracea) being commercially harvested.
CopyrightAgrEvo
Spinach (S. oleracea) being commercially harvested.
HarvestingSpinach (S. oleracea) being commercially harvested.AgrEvo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Spinacia oleracea L.

Preferred Common Name

  • spinach

Other Scientific Names

  • Spinacia inermis Moench., nom. illeg.
  • Spinacia spinosa Moench., nom. illeg.

International Common Names

  • Spanish: espinaca
  • French: epinard
  • Portuguese: espinafre

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Spinat
  • India: pinni; saag
  • Italy: spinacio
  • Japan: horenso
  • Netherlands: spinazie
  • Sweden: spenat

EPPO code

  • SPQOL (Spinacia oleracea)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Caryophyllales
  •                         Family: Chenopodiaceae
  •                             Genus: Spinacia
  •                                 Species: Spinacia oleracea

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Autographa gamma (silver-Y moth); Autographa nigrisigna (beet worm); Beet mild yellowing virus (beet mild yellowing); Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (rhizomania); Beet western yellows virus (turnip (mild) yellows); Broad bean wilt virus (lamium mild mosaic); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Cercospora beticola (cercospora leaf spot of beets); Chamomilla recutita (common chamomile); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Clavigralla tomentosicollis (African pod bug); Colletotrichum dematium (leaf spot); Galinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Heterodera schachtii (beet cyst eelworm); Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer); Listroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil); Lolium temulentum (darnel); Longidorus (longidorids); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Nacobbus aberrans (false root-knot nematode); Orobanche (broomrape); Peronospora farinosa (downy mildew: Chenopodiaceae); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Piesma quadratum (beet bug); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Pythium ultimum (black-leg of seedlings); Pythium vexans (damping off); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Senecio vulgaris; Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Spoladea recurvalis (Hawaiian beet webworm); Tobacco leaf curl virus; Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper)

Minor host of:

Achatina fulica (giant African land snail); Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid); Albugo occidentalis (white rust); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Aphis fabae (black bean aphid); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Bean yellow mosaic virus (bean yellow mosaic); Beet curly top virus (curly top); Beet yellows virus (beet yellows); Chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus; Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Cladosporium variabile (leaf spot: spinach); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Delia platura (bean seed fly); Ditylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode); Dociostaurus maroccanus (Moroccan locust); Epitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle); Fallopia convolvulus (black bindweed); Feltia subterranea (granulate cutworm); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. spinaciae (wilt: spinach); Globisporangium irregulare (dieback: carrot); Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm); Impatiens necrotic spot virus (TSWV-I); Lettuce mosaic virus (lettuce mosaic); Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Liriomyza bryoniae (tomato leaf miner); Liriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer); Lolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass); Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Myrothecium verrucaria (myrothecium blotch); Olive mild mosaic virus; Olpidium brassicae (lettuce big vein); Orobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape); Pangaeus bilineatus (burrowing bug); Pegomya hyoscyami (mangold fly); Penicillium digitatum (green mould); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Peronospora farinosa f.sp. spinaciae (downy mildew); Pieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly); Pleospora betae (black leg of beet); Pleospora tarda; Polymyxa betae; Pythium myriotylum (brown rot of groundnut); Rhodococcus fascians (fasciation: leafy gall); Sowbane mosaic virus; Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Spodoptera praefica (western yellowstriped armyworm); Stellaria media (common chickweed); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Tobacco rattle virus (spraing of potato); Tomato spotted wilt virus (tomato spotted wilt); Tuta absoluta (tomato leafminer); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt)

Wild host of:

Sweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)

Associated with (not a host):

Frankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips); Phytophthora nicotianae (black shank); Pseudomonas fluorescens (pink eye: potato); Pseudomonas putida (biocontrol: Erwinia spp.)

Host of (source - data mining):

Aphanomyces cladogamus; Aphanomyces cochlioides (root rot of beet); Colletotrichum dematium f.sp. spinaciae (anthracnose: spinach); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Fusarium redolens (root rot: pea); Gibberella pulicaris (basal canker of hop); Neonectria radicicola (black root of strawberry); Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast); Pythium paroecandrum (root rot: Phacelia spp.); Pythium sylvaticum (seedling rot of conifers); Pythium tracheiphilum (bottom rot of lettuce)

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Vegetable

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore