Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Spodoptera mauritia
(paddy swarming caterpillar)

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Datasheet

Spodoptera mauritia (paddy swarming caterpillar)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Spodoptera mauritia
  • Preferred Common Name
  • paddy swarming caterpillar
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
S. mauritia larva; first pale green, later brown with dark dorsal and lateral stripes, up to 38mm long.
TitleLarva
CaptionS. mauritia larva; first pale green, later brown with dark dorsal and lateral stripes, up to 38mm long.
CopyrightMerle Shepard
S. mauritia larva; first pale green, later brown with dark dorsal and lateral stripes, up to 38mm long.
LarvaS. mauritia larva; first pale green, later brown with dark dorsal and lateral stripes, up to 38mm long.Merle Shepard

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Spodoptera mauritia Boisduval

Preferred Common Name

  • paddy swarming caterpillar

Other Scientific Names

  • Hadena mauritia Boisduval
  • Laphygma mauritia
  • Laphygma mauritia ACRONYCTOIDES
  • Spodoptera mauritania (Boisduval)

International Common Names

  • English: grass army worm; grass armyworm; lawn armyworm; nutgrass armyworm; paddy armyworm; paddy cutworm; rice armyworm; rice swarming caterpillar
  • Spanish: gusano soldado del arroz

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Eule, Reisssat-
  • Netherlands: gewone rijstbibit-uil

EPPO code

  • SPODMA (Spodoptera mauritia)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Noctuidae
  •                             Genus: Spodoptera
  •                                 Species: Spodoptera mauritia

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

BahrainPresentLever, 1970; EPPO, 2014
BangladeshWidespreadCIE, 1973; IIE, 1973; EPPO, 2014
BhutanPresentEPPO, 2014
British Indian Ocean TerritoryPresent
Brunei DarussalamPresentWaterhouse, 1993
CambodiaPresentWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
ChinaRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-GuangdongPresentEPPO, 2014
-HainanPresentEPPO, 2014
-JiangsuPresentEPPO, 2014
Christmas Island (Indian Ocean)PresentCIE, 1973; IIE, 1973; EPPO, 2014
Cocos IslandsPresentCIE, 1973; IIE, 1973; EPPO, 2014
IndiaRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresentEPPO, 2014
-Andhra PradeshPresentEPPO, 2014
-AssamPresentEPPO, 2014
-BiharPresentEPPO, 2014
-HaryanaPresentEPPO, 2014
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-KarnatakaPresentEPPO, 2014
-KeralaPresentEPPO, 2014
-Madhya PradeshPresentEPPO, 2014
-MaharashtraPresentEPPO, 2014
-OdishaPresentEPPO, 2014
-SikkimPresentEPPO, 2014
-Tamil NaduPresentEPPO, 2014
-Uttar PradeshPresentEPPO, 2014
-West BengalPresentEPPO, 2014
IndonesiaPresentEPPO, 2014
-Irian JayaPresentEPPO, 2014
-JavaPresentEPPO, 2014
-KalimantanPresentEPPO, 2014
-MoluccasPresentEPPO, 2014
-SulawesiPresentEPPO, 2014
-SumatraPresentEPPO, 2014
IranPresentEPPO, 2014
JapanPresentEPPO, 2014
Korea, Republic ofPresent
LaosWidespreadWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
MalaysiaWidespreadEPPO, 2014
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentEPPO, 2014
-SabahPresentEPPO, 2014
-SarawakPresentEPPO, 2014
MaldivesPresentEPPO, 2014
MyanmarPresentRothschild 1969, Waterhouse 1993
PakistanPresentEPPO, 2014
PhilippinesPresentWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
SingaporePresentWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
Sri LankaPresentAPPPC, 1987; EPPO, 2014
TaiwanPresentEPPO, 2014
ThailandPresentAPPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
VietnamPresentAPPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014

Africa

ComorosPresentEPPO, 2014
MadagascarPresentEPPO, 2014
MauritiusPresentEPPO, 2014
RéunionPresentEPPO, 2014
SeychellesPresentEPPO, 2014
TanzaniaPresentEPPO, 2014
UgandaPresentEPPO, 2014

North America

USARestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-HawaiiPresentKalshoven and Laan, 1981; EPPO, 2014

Oceania

American SamoaPresentDumbleton, 1954; EPPO, 2014
AustraliaPresentEPPO, 2014
-Australian Northern TerritoryPresentEPPO, 2014
-New South WalesPresentEPPO, 2014
-QueenslandPresentEPPO, 2014
-Western AustraliaPresentEPPO, 2014
Cook IslandsPresentCIE, 1973; IIE, 1973; EPPO, 2014
FijiPresentHinckley, 1963; Swaine, 1971; EPPO, 2014
French PolynesiaPresentEPPO, 2014
GuamPresentSwezey, 1940; EPPO, 2014
KiribatiPresentEPPO, 2014
Marshall IslandsPresentFletcher, 1956; EPPO, 2014
Micronesia, Federated states ofPresentEPPO, 2014
New CaledoniaPresentDelobel and Gutierrez, 1981; EPPO, 2014
NiuePresentGiven, 1967; EPPO, 2014
Norfolk IslandPresentGrist and Lever, 1969; EPPO, 2014
Northern Mariana IslandsRestricted distributionSwezey, 1940; EPPO, 2014
Papua New GuineaPresentAnon 1941, 1962; EPPO, 2014
Pitcairn IslandPresentGrist and Lever, 1969; EPPO, 2014
SamoaPresentReddy, 1970; EPPO, 2014
Solomon IslandsPresentFletcher, 1956; EPPO, 2014
TongaPresentLever 1946; EPPO, 2014
VanuatuPresentEPPO, 2014

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Andrallus spinidens Predator
Archytas cirphis Parasite Larvae/Pupae Philippines rice
Bacillus thuringiensis
Calosoma blaptoides Predator Larvae Guam
Chaetogaedia monticola Parasite Larvae Philippines rice
Chelonus insularis Parasite Larvae Hawaii sugarcane
Cotesia flavipes Parasite Larvae
Cotesia marginiventris Parasite Larvae Hawaii sugarcane
Cotesia ruficrus Parasite Larvae Hawaii; Malaysia; Sarawak rice
Cuphocera iavana Parasite Larvae
Euplectrus platyhypenae Parasite Larvae Philippines rice
Lespesia archippivora Parasite Larvae Fiji; Guam; Philippines rice
Meteorus laphygmae Parasite Larvae Hawaii sugarcane
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen Larvae
Palexorista lucagus Parasite Larvae
Peribaea orbata Parasite Larvae Philippines rice; sugarcane
Pseudogonia rufifrons Parasite Larvae
Telenomus nawaii Parasite Eggs Philippines rice
Telenomus remus Parasite Eggs Guam
Tetrastichus schoenobii Parasite
Trichogramma chilonis Parasite Eggs

References

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Alam MZ; Ahmed A; Alam S; Islam MA, 1965. A review of research Divisions of Entomology (1947-64). Dacca: Agric. Inf. Serr. and E. Pakist. Agric. Res. Inst.

Amu Singh S; Dhiren Singh N, 1987. Some observations on the incidence of armyworm in rice in Manipur. Plant Protection Bulletin, India, 39(3):10-12

Anantarayanan KP; Ramakrishna A, 1937. Bionomics of the swarming caterpillar of paddy in South India. Agriculture and Livestock in India, 7:725-734.

Anonymous, 1924. A preliminary list of the pests of cultivated plants in Ceylon. Department of Agriculture Ceylon Bulletin, 67:1-68.

Anonymous, 1941. Annual report of the department of Agriculture for the year ending 30th June, 1940. New Guinea Agricultural Gazette, 7(2):77-116.

Anonymous, 1960. Host list of insects recorded in the South East Asia and Pacific Region. Technical Documentary FAO Plant Protection Commission South East Asia, 7:1-2.

Anonymous, 1962. Host list of insects recorded in the South East and Pacific Region. Technical Documentary FAO Plant Protection Commission South East Asia, 7(2):1-2.

Anonymous, 1965. A Host List of the Insects of Thailand. Thailand: Department of Agriculture, Royal Thai Government and United States Operations Mission to Thailand.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Baltazar CR, 1968. Supplementary host list and checklist of Philippine plant pests. Philippine Journal of Science, 97(2):177-227

Banerjee PK; Chaterjee PB, 1982. Pests of hill rice in West Bengal, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 7(4):11.

Barrion AT; Litsinger JA, 1987. A larval parasite of swarming caterpillar and common cutworm in the Philippines. International Rice Research Newsletter, 12(2):34-35

Beevi SP; Dale D, 1980. Effect of diflubenzuron on the larvae of rice swarming caterpillar, Spodoptera mauritia Boisd. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Entomological Research, 4(2):157-160

Broadley RH, 1978. The lawn armyworm . . . a serious rural and urban pest. Queensland Agricultural Journal, 104(3):232-236

Brown ES; Dewhurst CF, 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 65(2):221-262.

Catindig JLA; Barrion AT; Litsinger JA, 1989. A method for rearing armyworm Spodoptera mauritia acronyctoides Guenee (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on graminaceous hosts. International Rice Research Newsletter, 14(3):39

Catindig JLA; Barrion AT; Litsinger JA, 1989. Color morphism of rice swarming armyworm larvae. International Rice Research Newsletter, 14(6):27

Chaterjee SN, 1969. Identity of Spodoptera mauritia acronyctoides Guenee, Spodoptera pecten Guenee and Spodoptera abyssinia Guenee (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) based on a comparative study of the male and female genitalia. Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India Part B, 35(1):45-52.

Chon TS, 1984. An application of simulation modelling for the management of the lawn armyworm, Spodoptera mauritia acronyctoides (Guenee) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with its nuclear polyhedrosis virus. [Abstract]. Korean Journal of Entomology, 14(1):87-88

Chu YI, 1979. Some notes on the lepidopterous rice insect pests at Jawa Timur, Indonesia. NTU [National Taiwan University] Phytopathologist and Entomologist, No. 6:38-43

CIE, 1973. Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A, No 162 (revised). Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Clift AD; Toffolon RB, 1982. Laboratory screening of insecticides against larvae of the lawn armyworm, Spodoptera mauritia (Boisduval) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). General and Applied Entomology, 14:13-14

Dagan AB, 1962. Some notes on the biology of larvalvorid fly parasite (genus sp.) of rice armyworm (Spodoptera mauritia Boisd.) in the Philippines. Philippine Journal of Agriculture, 27(1-2):25-31.

Delobel A; Gutierrez J, 1981. Fluctuations in the catches of Lepidoptera in light-traps in the course of a year in biotype in New Caledonia. Cahiers Orstom Serie Biologie, 44(12):23-34.

Dumbleton LJ, 1954. A List of Insect Pests Recorded in South Pacific Territories. Technical Paper South Pacific Commission, No. 79: 1-196.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Fletcher DS, 1956. Spodoptera mauritia (Boisduval) and S. triturata (Walker), two distinct species. Bulletin Entomology Research, 47(2):215-217.

Gabriel BP, 1975. Insects and Mites Injurious to Philippine Crop Plants. Los Ba_os, Laguna, Phillipinese: University of the Philippines.

Gautam RD, 1987. Limitations in mass-multiplication of scelionid, Telenomus remus Nixon, a potential egg-parasitoid of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius). Journal of Entomological Research, 11(1):6-9

Given BB, 1967. List of insects collected on Niue Island during February and March, 1959. New Zealand Entomology, 4(1):40-42.

Grist DH; Lever RJAW, 1969. Pests of Rice. London, UK: Longman.

Gupta IJ; Shukla JPN, 1977. On little known moths (Lepidoptera: Heterocera) from Arunachal Pradesh, India. News Letter. Zoological Survey of India, 3(6):395-398

HANSON HC, 1963. Diseases and pests of economic plants of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. A study based on field survey data and on pertinent records, material, and reports. 1 +] v + 155 pp.

Heinrichs EA, 1994. Biology and management of rice insects. New Delhi, India: Wiley Eastern Limited, x + 779 pp.

Henry GM, 1919-1920. The paddy cutworm. Ceylon Agricultural Society Year Book, 1919-1920:121-123.

Hinckley AD, 1963. Insect pest of rice in Fiji. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 11(2):31-33.

Holloway JD, 1977. The Lepidoptera of Norfolk Island, their biogeography and ecology. The Lepidoptera of Norfolk Island, their biogeography and ecology. Dr. W. Junk b.v. The Hague, The Netherlands, vi + 291 pp.

Holloway JD, 1979. A survey of the Lepidoptera, biogeography and ecology of New Caledonia. A survey of the Lepidoptera, biogeography and ecology of New Caledonia. Dr. W. Junk b.v. The Hague, The Netherlands, xii + 588 pp.

Holloway JD, 1983. On the Lepidoptera of the Cocos-Keeling Islands in the Indian Ocean with a review of the Nagia linteola complex (Noctuidae). Entomologia Generalis, 8(1982):99-110.

Holloway JD, 1989. The moths of Borneo: family Noctuidae, trifine subfamilies: Noctuinae, Heliothinae, Hadeninae, Acronictinae, Amphipyrinae, Agaristinae. Malayan Nature Journal, 42(2-3):57-228

IIE, 1973. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No. 162. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Jagannadh V; Nair VSK, 1993. Effects of azadirachtin and a juvenile hormone analogue on neck-ligated post-feeding larvae of Spodoptera mauritia Boisd. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 31(2):199-200

John P; Dale D; Mathew J, 1982. Insect antifeedant action of some fungicides. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 94(1):32-34

Johnston A, 1964. Host list of insects recorded in the South East Asia and Pacific Region. Technical Document FAO Plant Protection Commission South East Asia, 38:4-7.

Kalshoven LGE, 1951. The Pests of Cultivated Plants in Indonesia. Part II. The Hague, Netherlands: Van Hoeve.

Kalshoven LGE; Laan PA van der (Reviser and translator), 1981. Pests of crops in Indonesia (revised). Jakarta, Indonesia: Ichtiar Baru, 701 pp.

Kharat SB; Manjrekar MD; Dumbre RB; Dalvi CS, 1983. Role of Indian bull frog, in controlling rice pests. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 8(3):223-225.

Laigo FM; Tamashiro M, 1966. Virus and insect parasite interaction in the lawn armyworm, Spodoptera mauritia acronyctoides (Guenee). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 19(2):233-237.

Lever RJAW, 1970. Major rice insects and their control. World Farming, 12(5):16-24.

Nair KPV; Jacob A, 1988. Persistence of the nuclear polyhedrosis virus of the rice swarming caterpillar Spodoptera mauritia (Boisduval) in soil. Journal of Biological Control, 2(2):99-101

Oatman ER; Pinto JD; Platner GR, 1982. Trichogramma (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) of Hawaii. Pacific Insects, 24(1):1-24

Otanes FQ; Sison PL, 1952. Pests of Rice. Population Bulletin. Philippines: Department of Agrarian Natural Research Philippines.

Pawar AD, 1976. Andrallus spinidens (Fabricius) (Asopinae: Pentatomidae: Hemiptera) as a predator of insect pests of rice in Himachal Pradesh, India. Rice Entomology Newsletter, No. 4:23-24

Persson B, 1975. Dispersal of 32P-treated larvae of Spodoptera litura and Spodoptera mauritia (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 26(6):985-988

Persson B, 1977. Distribution of catch in relation to emergence of adults in some noctuid pest species in south coastal Queensland. Australian Journal of Zoology, 25(1):95-102

Pillai KS; Nair MRGK, 1984. Use of insecticides applied as granules in soil for control of the major lepidopteran pests of rice. Entomon, 9(4):275-278

Pillai KS; Saradamma K; Das NM, 1973. Comparative efficacy of different formulations of ethyl parathion. Agricultural Research Journal of Kerala, 11(1):32-37

Rajesh Kumar; Mahla JC; Vinod Kumar, 1994. Effect of gunnybag treatment with insecticides and plant extracts against insect pests of stored rice. Annals of Biology (Ludhiana), 10(1):51-54.

Rand JR; Wright WE, 1978. Control of the armyworms Spodoptera mauritia and Pseudaletia convecta in pastures on the north coast of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, 18(91):249-252

Reddy DB, 1970. A preliminary pests and diseases of plants in Western Samoa. Technical Document FAO Plant Protection Commission South East Asia, 77:1-15.

Reddy DB, ed. , 1976. Quarterly Newsletter, FAO Plant Protection Committee for the South East Asia and Pacific region, 19(1):1-18

Reissig WH; Heinrichs EA; Litsinger JA; Moody K; Fiedler L; Mew TW; Barrion AT, 1986. Illustrated guide to integrated pest management in rice in tropical Asia. Laguna, Philippines; International Rice Research Institute, xi + 411pp.

Robinson GS, 1975. Macrolepidotptera of Fiji and Roturua, a taxonomic and geographic study. Faringdon, UK: EW Classey.

Rothschild GHL, 1969. Observations on the armyworm Spodoptera mauritia acronyctoides Guenee (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Sarawak (Malaysian Borneo). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 59:143-160.

Rothschild GHL, 1974. Parasites of the armyworm Spodoptera mauritia acronyctoides in Malaysia. Entomophaga, 19(3):293-299

Sathiyanandam VKR; Venugopal MS; Kareem AA, 1984. Controlling armyworm with synthetic pyrethroids and conventional insecticides. International Rice Research Newsletter, 9(2):20

Shepard BM; Barrion AT; Litsinger JA, 1995. Rice-feeding insects of tropical Asia. Los Ba_os, Laguna, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute.

Soejitno J; Van Vreden G, 1974. Varietal screening for resistance to the armyworm, Spodoptera mauritia in rice. Agricultural cooperation Indonesia - The Netherlands. Research Reports 1968-1974, Section II(1):166-167.

Soon LG, 1972. Chemical control of rice insects and diseases in Malaysia. Japan Pesticide Information, (1972):27-36.

Suzuki H; Hayashi K; Asahina S, 1977. Note on the transoceanic insects captured on East China Sea in 1976. Tropical Medicine, 19(2):85-93

Swaine G, 1971. Agricultural Zoology in Fiji. London UK: HMSO.

Swezey OH, 1940. A survey of the insect pests of cultivated plants in Guam. Hawaii Planters Record, 44(3):151-182.

Ta±ada Y; Beardsley JW, 1958. A biological study of the lawn armyworm, Spodoptera mauritia (Boisduval), in Hawaii (Lepidoptera: Phalaenidae). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 16(3):411-436.

Wan MTK, 1970. A list of insects and other animals of economic importance of Sarawak, East Malaysia 1961-1970. Kuching, Malaysia: Department of Agriculture, Entomology Division.

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Wilde G; Apostol R, 1983. Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) resistance in rice. Environmental Entomology, 12(2):376-379

Woodworth HE, 1921. A host index of insects injurious to Philippines Crops. I. Philippine Agriculturist, 10(1):9-36.

Distribution Maps

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