Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Anacardium occidentale
(cashew nut)

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Datasheet

Anacardium occidentale (cashew nut)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 October 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Anacardium occidentale
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cashew nut
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Cashew: fruits and foliage.
TitleFruits
CaptionCashew: fruits and foliage.
CopyrightDavid J. Greathead
Cashew: fruits and foliage.
FruitsCashew: fruits and foliage.David J. Greathead
1. flowering branch
2. fruit
TitleLine artwork of branchlet and fruit
Caption1. flowering branch 2. fruit
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
1. flowering branch
2. fruit
Line artwork of branchlet and fruit1. flowering branch 2. fruitPROSEA Foundation
Tree growing in a coconut plot, Sri Lanka.
TitleFlowering tree
CaptionTree growing in a coconut plot, Sri Lanka.
CopyrightD.K.N.G. Pushpakumara
Tree growing in a coconut plot, Sri Lanka.
Flowering treeTree growing in a coconut plot, Sri Lanka.D.K.N.G. Pushpakumara
Cashew trees.
TitleTrees
CaptionCashew trees.
CopyrightDavid J. Greathead
Cashew trees.
TreesCashew trees.David J. Greathead
A Branch of Anacardium occidentale. (x 0.5).
TitleLine artwork of foliage
CaptionA Branch of Anacardium occidentale. (x 0.5).
CopyrightD.K.N.G. Pushpakumara
A Branch of Anacardium occidentale. (x 0.5).
Line artwork of foliageA Branch of Anacardium occidentale. (x 0.5).D.K.N.G. Pushpakumara
Cashew 'nuts', Costa Rica.
TitleFruits
CaptionCashew 'nuts', Costa Rica.
Copyright©Ruth Ibbotson
Cashew 'nuts', Costa Rica.
FruitsCashew 'nuts', Costa Rica.©Ruth Ibbotson
A. occidentale. 1, flowering branch; 2, fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleLine drawing
CaptionA. occidentale. 1, flowering branch; 2, fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
A. occidentale. 1, flowering branch; 2, fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Line drawingA. occidentale. 1, flowering branch; 2, fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. PROSEA Foundation
TitleLeaves buds and flowers
Caption
CopyrightD.K.N.G. Pushpakumara
Leaves buds and flowersD.K.N.G. Pushpakumara
Fruit
TitleFruit
CaptionFruit
CopyrightICRAF
Fruit
FruitFruitICRAF
Tree growing in open ground, Sri Lanka.
TitleMature tree
CaptionTree growing in open ground, Sri Lanka.
CopyrightD.K.N.G. Pushpakumara
Tree growing in open ground, Sri Lanka.
Mature treeTree growing in open ground, Sri Lanka.D.K.N.G. Pushpakumara

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Anacardium occidentale L.

Preferred Common Name

  • cashew nut

International Common Names

  • English: cashew
  • Spanish: anacardo; casa; maranjon; merci; pajuil
  • French: acajou; anacardier; cachou; cajou; pomme de cajou
  • Arabic: habb al-biladhir
  • Portuguese: cajous; caju

Local Common Names

  • Bangladesh: kazu badam
  • Brazil: acajaíba; acaju; acajuíba; caju; caju-banana; caju-da-praia; caju-do-campo; cajueiro; cajueiro; cajuí; caju-manso; caju-manteiga; oacaju
  • Cambodia: svaay chantii
  • Caribbean: cashu
  • China: yao kuo
  • Colombia: mercy
  • El Salvador: jocote maranou
  • Germany: acajou; elfantenlans; Kaschubaum
  • Guatemala: jocote maranou
  • Honduras: jocote maranou
  • India: andipapuppa; andiparuppu; balia; bojan; gera-bija; gerybija; godambe; hijali-badam; hijuli; jidi-mamidi; jidivate; kaju; kashu-mavu; kempu geru bija; lanka-ambo; mindiri; mundri; muntha-mamidi
  • Indonesia: jambu mede; jambu monyet
  • Italy: acagia
  • Japan: kashu nattsu
  • Kenya: bibo; kanju; mbibo; mkorosho
  • Malawi: mbibu; msololikoko; nkoloso
  • Malaysia: gajus; jambu monyet
  • Myanmar: thiho thayet si
  • Nepal: kaaju
  • Netherlands: kasjoe
  • Peru: caju; casu
  • Philippines: balogo; balubad; kasoy; kasui
  • Russian Federation: kashiu orekh
  • Senegal: bukayu; bululumay; daf-durubab; darkasu; finza
  • Sri Lanka: caju; kaju; montinkai
  • Sudan: kashu
  • Suriname: mereke; orvi
  • Sweden: acajou
  • Tanzania: korosho
  • Thailand: mamuang himmaphan; mamuang letlor; yaruang
  • Venezuela: mercy
  • Vietnam: cay dieu; dao lon hot

EPPO code

  • ANAOC (Anacardium occidentale)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Sapindales
  •                         Family: Anacardiaceae
  •                             Genus: Anacardium
  •                                 Species: Anacardium occidentale

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Achaea catocaloides; Acrocercops syngramma (cashew leafminer); Adoretus versutus (rose beetle); Aleurodicus cocois (coconut whitefly); Anoplocnemis curvipes (giant coreid bug); Armillaria heimii (armillaria root rot); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Bactrocera aquilonis; Bactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly); Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Bactrocera kandiensis; Bactrocera passiflorae (Fijian fruit fly); Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Batocera rufomaculata (mango tree borer); Calliteara horsfieldii; Citripestis eutraphera; Cricula trifenestrata (tea flush worm); Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug); Euproctis spp. (tussock moth); Ferrisia virgata (striped mealybug); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Helopeltis anacardii (cashew helopeltis); Helopeltis antonii (tea bug); Helopeltis bradyi (tea mosquito); Helopeltis schoutedeni (cacao-mosquito); Helopeltis theivora (tea mosquito bug); Hyalospila leuconeurella (cashew spotted midge); Indarbela quadrinotata (bark eating caterpillar); Leucopholis rorida (white grub); Mecocorynus loripes (cashew weevil); Metanastria hyrtaca; Necrobia rufipes (red-legged ham beetle); Nephopterix piratis; Oidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew); Orthaga exvinacea; Orthaga icarusalis; Parthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed); Pennisetum purpureum (elephant grass); Plocaederus ferrugineus (cashew stem borer); Plocaederus obesus (cashew stem borer); Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (trilobite scale); Pseudotheraptus devastans (coreid bug); Pseudotheraptus wayi (coconut bug); Rhipiphorothrips cruentatus (grapevine thrips); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips); Selenothrips rubrocinctus (red-banded thrips); Toxoptera odinae (mango aphid); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. mangiferaeindicae (mango black spot); Zonocerus elegans (elegant grasshopper); Zonocerus variegatus (variegated grasshopper)

Minor host of:

Albonectria rigidiuscula (green point gall); Aleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly); Amblypelta lutescens (banana spotting bug); Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly); Anastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly); Anigraea ochrobasis; Anthistarcha binocularis; Apate terebrans; Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Axonopus compressus (carpet grass); Bactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly); Bactrocera facialis; Bactrocera jarvisi (Jarvis' fruit fly); Bactrocera neohumeralis; Bactrocera psidii (South Sea guava fruit fly); Brevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite); Cephaleuros virescens (algal spot of coffee); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Ceratitis quinaria (five-spotted fruit fly); Ceroplastes floridensis (soft scale); Erythricium salmonicolor (pink disease); Eudocima fullonia (fruit-piercing moth); Euplatypus parallelus; Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Helopeltis bergrothi (cacao-mosquito); Hilda patruelis (groundnut hopper); Lasiodiplodia iraniensis; Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Megalurothrips distalis; Oligonychus coffeae (tea red spider mite); Penicillaria jocosatrix (mango shoot caterpillar); Penicillium digitatum (green mould); Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); Phytophthora palmivora (coconut budrot); Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale); Pseudococcus longispinus (long-tailed mealybug); Rastrococcus iceryoides (mango mealy bug); Selenaspidus articulatus (West Indian red scale); Synedrella nodiflora (synedrella); Thrips hawaiiensis (Hawaiian flower thrips); Tridax procumbens (coat buttons); Trigona amalthea (stingless bee); Udinia catori; Xiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode); Xyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer); Xyleborus volvulus

Wild host of:

Ceroplastes rubens (red wax scale)

Associated with (not a host):

Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Hemicriconemoides mangiferae; Hoplolaimus indicus (lance nematode); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Pratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Scutellonema brachyurus; Xiphinema brevicollum

Host of (source - data mining):

Calonectria quinqueseptata (leaf spot of Hevea spp.); Ceratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly); Euproctis lunata; Euproctis subnotata; Hypatima haligramma; Indarbela tetraonis (bark borer); Lymantria ampla; Pestalotiopsis dichaeta; Phomopsis anacardii; Thylacoptila paurosema