Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Solanum melongena
(aubergine)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Solanum melongena (aubergine)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Solanum melongena
  • Preferred Common Name
  • aubergine
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Traditional/folklore
  • Vegetable
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Solanum melongena L.

Preferred Common Name

  • aubergine

International Common Names

  • English: eggplant (USA)
  • Spanish: berenjena
  • French: mélongène
  • Arabic: bâdhingân
  • Portuguese: berinjela

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Eierfrucht
  • India: brinjal
  • Italy: maranziana; melenzana; mulignana; petrociana
  • Japan: nasu
  • Netherlands: eierplant
  • Sweden: Äggplanta

EPPO code

  • SOLME (Solanum melongena)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Solanales
  •                         Family: Solanaceae
  •                             Genus: Solanum
  •                                 Species: Solanum melongena

List of Pests

Top of page

Major host of:

Acalymma bivittatum (striped leaf beetle); Acanthocoris scabrator (squash bug); Acanthocoris sordidus (winter cherry bug); Acherontia atropos (death's head hawkmoth); Acherontia lachesis (death's head hawkmoth); Acherontia styx (small death's head hawkmoth); Acizzia solanicola; Acrosticta apicalis; Aculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite); Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Alcidion bicristatum; Alcidion deletum (eggplant stem borer); Alcidion socium; Alternaria poissoni; Alternaria solani (early blight of potato and tomato); Alternaria tenuis f. genuina (alternaria leaf spot); Amrasca biguttula biguttula (Indian cotton jassid); Andean potato mottle virus (Andean mottle of potato); Anthonomus pulicarius (eggplant bud weevil); Arvelius albopunctatus (green white spotted bug); Aspidiotus excisus; Asterolecanium pustulans (akee fringed scale); Aulacorthum solani (foxglove aphid); Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Bactrocera passiflorae (Fijian fruit fly); Baris torquatus (stem weevil); Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly); Boeremia exigua var. exigua (leaf spot); Brinjal little leaf phytoplasma; Broad bean wilt virus (lamium mild mosaic); Catorhintha guttala; Cercospora melongenae (eggplant leaf spot); Ceroplastes dugesii; Chenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot); Chionaspis minor (small snow scale); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green looper caterpillar); Chrysodeixis includens (soybean looper); Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale); Coccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug); Colletotrichum capsici (leaf spot of peppers); Corynespora cassiicola (target leaf spot of tomato); Corythaica carinata; Corythaica cyathicollis (eggplant lace-wing bug); Corythaica monacha (lacebug); Corythuca gossypii (cotton lacebug); Criconemella (ring nematode); Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Daraba laisalis; Diabolocatantops axillaris (devil grasshopper); Diabrotica ochreata; Diaprepes marginatus; Ditylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode); Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug); Edessa meditabunda (green and brown stink bug); Eggplant mild leaf mottle virus; Eggplant mosaic virus (eggplant mosaic); Eggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus); Epicauta waterhousei; Epilachna diffinis; Epilachna indica; Epilachna vigintioctopunctata (hadda beetle); Epitrix cucumeris (potato flea beetle); Epitrix hirtipennis (tobacco flea beetle); Epitrix pilosa; Eragrostis cilianensis (stink grass); Euschistus bifibulus; Eutetranychus orientalis (Citrus brown mite); Euzophera osseatella (eggplant stemborer); Faustinus apicalis; Ferrisia virgata (striped mealybug); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melongenae (wilt of eggplant); Galinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier); Globodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode); Globodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Golovinomyces orontii (powdery mildew); Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Haritalodes derogata (cotton leaf roller); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm); Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm); Homona magnanima (oriental tea tortrix); Hoplolaimus seinhorsti (lance nematode); Hypercompe icasia; Jacobiasca lybica (cotton jassid); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Leucinodes orbonalis (eggplant fruit borer); Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer); Listroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil); Longidorus (longidorids); Lygus rugulipennis (bishop bug); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Macrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid); Manduca quinquemaculata (tomato hornworm); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm); Meloidogyne mayaguensis; Milichiella lacteipennis; Murdannia nudiflora (doveweed); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Nacobbus aberrans (false root-knot nematode); Neoleucinodes elegantalis (eggplant stem borer); Nesidiocoris tenuis (tomato bug); Nezara viridula (green stink bug); Orobanche (broomrape); Orobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape); Orobanche cernua (nodding broomrape); Orobanche ramosa (branched broomrape); Orthezia praelonga (croton bug); Paracoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug); Parasaissetia nigra (pomegranate scale); Parthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed); Pepino mosaic virus; Pepper veinal mottle virus; Phenacoccus madeirensis (Madeira mealybug); Phenacoccus parvus (lantana mealybug); Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); Phomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant); Phyllanthus urinaria (leafflower); Phyllophaga (white grubs); Phytophthora capsici (stem and fruit rot of Capsicum); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Pilemia perusialis (tobacco leaf folder); Pinnaspis aspidistrae (scale insect); Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale); Polyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite); Pratylenchus (root lesion nematode); Pseudococcus longispinus (long-tailed mealybug); Pseudococcus varigatus; Pseudomonas syringae pv. aptata (leaf spot: sugarbeet); Psylliodes chlorophana; Puccinia agrophila; Pyrenochaeta lycopersici (brown root: tomato rot); Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Pythium ultimum (black-leg of seedlings); Ralstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato); Ralstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Rhizopus stolonifer (bulb rot); Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (rice root aphid); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Saissetia coffeae (hemispherical scale); Scapteriscus (mole crickets); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Scrobipalpa heliopa (tobacco stem borer); Septoria lycopersici (leaf spot of tomato); Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); Spoladea recurvalis (Hawaiian beet webworm); Systena s-littera; Tetranychus evansi (red spider mite); Tetranychus kanzawai (kanzawa spider mite); Tetranychus marianae; Tetranychus neocaledonicus (spider mite); Tetranychus truncatus; Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips); Thrips palmi (melon thrips); Tobacco mosaic virus (tobacco mosaic); Tomato black ring virus (ring spot of beet); Tomato bushy stunt virus (Lycopersicon virus 4); Tomato spotted wilt virus (tomato spotted wilt); Tomato torrado virus; Trachyderes succintus (longhorn beetle); Trialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse); Urentius hystricellus (eggplant lace bug); Veronicella cubensis (Cuban slug); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xanthaciura connexionis

Minor host of:

Acanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur); Achatina fulica (giant African land snail); Adoretus versutus (rose beetle); Aleurodicus dispersus (whitefly); Aleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly); Aleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly); Alfalfa mosaic virus (alfalfa yellow spot); Alternaria dauci (leaf blight of carrot); Amaranthus blitum (livid amaranth); Anthonomus eugenii (pepper weevil); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Aphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly); Bactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid); Bactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly); Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Brevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite); Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Candidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Cercospora nicotianae (frog-eye leaf spot of tobacco); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Chinavia hilaris (green stink bug); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Citrus exocortis viroid (citrus exocortis); Cladosporium oxysporum (seedlings blight of passion fruit); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Cochliobolus spicifer (spring dead spot of grasses); Colletotrichum coccodes (anthracnose); Contarinia lycopersici (tomato flower midge); Cuscuta campestris (field dodder); Dactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass); Dacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly); Diaprepes abbreviatus (citrus weevil); Dickeya chrysanthemi (bacterial wilt of chrysanthemum and other ornamentals); Didymella lycopersici (canker of tomato); Emex australis (Doublegee); Empoasca fabae (potato leafhopper); Epitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle); Eudocima fullonia (fruit-piercing moth); Euphoria lurida; Frankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips); Globisporangium irregulare (dieback: carrot); Globodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode); Grapevine yellows phytoplasmas; Halyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug); Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode); Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale); Hishimonus phycitis; Hoplolaimus indicus (lance nematode); Icerya aegyptiaca (breadfruit mealybug); Insignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia); Keiferia lycopersicella (tomato pinworm); Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle); Leptoglossus zonatus; Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Liriomyza bryoniae (tomato leaf miner); Liriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer); Megymenum brevicorne; Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Murgantia histrionica (harlequin bug); Neoceratitis cyanescens (tomato fruit fly); Opogona sacchari (banana moth); Pectobacterium wasabiae; Peronospora hyoscyami f.sp. tabacina (blue mould of tobacco); Phenacoccus solani; Phomopsis longicolla (pod and stem blight); Phthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth); Phytophthora nicotianae (black shank); Phytophthora tropicalis; Podosphaera xanthii (powdery mildew of cucurbits); Potato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato); Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pseudocercospora fuligena (black leaf mould of tomato); Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (Jack Beardsley mealybug); Pseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive); Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci (wildfire); Pythium myriotylum (brown rot of groundnut); Ralstonia solanacearum race 3 (brown rot of potato); Rigidoporus microporus (white root disease of rubber); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips); Scutellonema clathricaudatum; Sesamia nonagrioides (Mediterranean corn stalk borer); Solenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant); Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Stemphylium lycopersici (grey leaf spot); Stemphylium solani (grey leaf spot); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Thrips tabaci (onion thrips); Thysanoplusia orichalcea (slender burnished brass moth); Tobacco ringspot virus; Tomato chlorosis virus (yellow leaf disorder of tomato); Tomato mosaic virus (tomato mosaic); Tomato ringspot virus (ringspot of tomato); Tomato yellow leaf curl Kanchanaburi virus; Trialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Tuta absoluta (tomato leafminer); Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode); Xiphinema ifacolum (dagger nematode)

Wild host of:

Phytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight); Puccinia substriata var. substriata

Associated with (not a host):

Aspergillus terreus; Chilocorus cacti; Clonostachys rosea (mycoparasite of fungal pathogens); Hypocrea rufa (green mould of narcissus); Megaselia scalaris; Olpidium brassicae (Olpidium seedling blight); Solenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant); Tetramorium bicarinatum (Guinea ant); Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani); Zelus longipes

Host of (source - data mining):

Adoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Alternaria tenuissima (nailhead spot of tomato); Amrasca; Brevipalpus obovatus (scarlet tea mite); Caliothrips indicus (groundnut thrips); Conchyloctenia tigrina; Edessa rufomarginata; Empoasca decipiens (leafhopper, cotton); Epilachna ocellata; Epilachna philippinensis; Epilachna vigintioctomaculata (large 28-spotted lady beetle); Euzophera perticella (stem borer, brinjal); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Gibberella fujikuroi (bakanae disease of rice); Jacobiella facialis; Liriomyza strigata; Micrutalis malleifera; Myllocerus subfasciatus; Phoma destructiva (fruit and stem rot); Phycita melongenae; Pythium debaryanum (damping-off); Pythium spinosum (root rot: ornamentals); Rhizopus arrhizus (barn rot of tobacco); Scapteriscus didactylus (Puerto Rican mole cricket); Scrobipalpa ergasima; Selepa docilis; Setosphaeria rostrata (leaf spot of grasses); Tetranychus macfarlanei

Uses List

Top of page

Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore