Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Solanum
(nightshade)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Solanum (nightshade)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Solanum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • nightshade
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); infestation of well grown plants. USA
TitleInvasive habit
CaptionSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple); infestation of well grown plants. USA
Copyright©Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org: CC BY 3.0 US.
Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); infestation of well grown plants. USA
Invasive habitSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple); infestation of well grown plants. USA©Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org: CC BY 3.0 US.
Solanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); flowers.
TitleFlowers
CaptionSolanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); flowers.
Copyright©Smithsonian Institution/Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez
Solanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); flowers.
FlowersSolanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); flowers.©Smithsonian Institution/Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez
Dickeya solani on potato (Solanum tuberosum) cv. Red Robin. Image is of field grown naturally infected potatoes from Scotland, UK in July 2009.
TitleField symptoms
CaptionDickeya solani on potato (Solanum tuberosum) cv. Red Robin. Image is of field grown naturally infected potatoes from Scotland, UK in July 2009.
CopyrightPublic Domain - ex. SASA ©Crown Copyright
Dickeya solani on potato (Solanum tuberosum) cv. Red Robin. Image is of field grown naturally infected potatoes from Scotland, UK in July 2009.
Field symptomsDickeya solani on potato (Solanum tuberosum) cv. Red Robin. Image is of field grown naturally infected potatoes from Scotland, UK in July 2009.Public Domain - ex. SASA ©Crown Copyright
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.
TitleHabit
CaptionSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.
Copyright©Howard F. Schwartz/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.
HabitSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.©Howard F. Schwartz/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and ripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.
TitleFoliage and fruit
CaptionSolanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and ripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database/original by Mark A. Garland
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and ripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.
Foliage and fruitSolanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and ripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.Public Domain - Released by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database/original by Mark A. Garland
Solanum tuberosum (potato); habit, as an invasive, at a fire area spatter vent. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
TitleHabit
CaptionSolanum tuberosum (potato); habit, as an invasive, at a fire area spatter vent. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2007 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum tuberosum (potato); habit, as an invasive, at a fire area spatter vent. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
HabitSolanum tuberosum (potato); habit, as an invasive, at a fire area spatter vent. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.©Forest & Kim Starr-2007 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2009.
TitleHabit
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2009.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2009 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2009.
HabitSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2009.©Forest & Kim Starr-2009 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); fruits ripening for seed production, at the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC). Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); fruits ripening for seed production, at the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC). Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.
Copyright©Michael Hermann/Crops for the Future/http://www.cropsforthefuture.org - CC BY-SA 3.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); fruits ripening for seed production, at the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC). Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.
FruitsSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); fruits ripening for seed production, at the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC). Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.©Michael Hermann/Crops for the Future/http://www.cropsforthefuture.org - CC BY-SA 3.0
Typical habit, showing foliage
TitleHabit, showing foliage
CaptionTypical habit, showing foliage
Copyright©J. Jeffrey Mullahey, University of Florida, Bugwood.org: CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Typical habit, showing foliage
Habit, showing foliageTypical habit, showing foliage ©J. Jeffrey Mullahey, University of Florida, Bugwood.org: CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Solanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); close-up of flower.
TitleFlower
CaptionSolanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); close-up of flower.
Copyright©Smithsonian Institution/Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez
Solanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); close-up of flower.
FlowerSolanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); close-up of flower.©Smithsonian Institution/Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.
TitleHabit
CaptionSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.
Copyright© Howard F. Schwartz/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.
HabitSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.© Howard F. Schwartz/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and unripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.
TitleFoliage and fruit
CaptionSolanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and unripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database/original by Mark A. Garland
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and unripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.
Foliage and fruitSolanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and unripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.Public Domain - Released by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database/original by Mark A. Garland
Solanum tuberosum (potato); leaves. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
TitleLeaves
CaptionSolanum tuberosum (potato); leaves. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2007 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum tuberosum (potato); leaves. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
LeavesSolanum tuberosum (potato); leaves. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.©Forest & Kim Starr-2007 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit, amongst other vegetation. Moaulanui, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2004.
TitleHabit
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit, amongst other vegetation. Moaulanui, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2004.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2004 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit, amongst other vegetation. Moaulanui, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2004.
HabitSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit, amongst other vegetation. Moaulanui, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2004.©Forest & Kim Starr-2004 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum aethiopicum (african scarlet eggplant); habit, with fruits, var. 'RedRuffled'. Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid, Spain. September 2008.
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum aethiopicum (african scarlet eggplant); habit, with fruits, var. 'RedRuffled'. Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid, Spain. September 2008.
Copyright©Cillas/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Solanum aethiopicum (african scarlet eggplant); habit, with fruits, var. 'RedRuffled'. Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid, Spain. September 2008.
FruitsSolanum aethiopicum (african scarlet eggplant); habit, with fruits, var. 'RedRuffled'. Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid, Spain. September 2008.©Cillas/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruits. Thorny nightshade from Argentina, first appeared in the USA in pastures and rangelands in Glades County, Florida, in 1988. Mottled green fruits that look like small watermelons are a distinguishing feature .
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruits. Thorny nightshade from Argentina, first appeared in the USA in pastures and rangelands in Glades County, Florida, in 1988. Mottled green fruits that look like small watermelons are a distinguishing feature .
Copyright©J. Jeffrey Mullahey, University of Florida, Bugwood.org: CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruits. Thorny nightshade from Argentina, first appeared in the USA in pastures and rangelands in Glades County, Florida, in 1988. Mottled green fruits that look like small watermelons are a distinguishing feature .
FruitsSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruits. Thorny nightshade from Argentina, first appeared in the USA in pastures and rangelands in Glades County, Florida, in 1988. Mottled green fruits that look like small watermelons are a distinguishing feature .©J. Jeffrey Mullahey, University of Florida, Bugwood.org: CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); flower. USA.
TitleFlower
CaptionSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); flower. USA.
Copyright©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); flower. USA.
FlowerSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); flower. USA.©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and typically Solanaceous flowers. USA.
TitleFoliage and flowers
CaptionSolanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and typically Solanaceous flowers. USA.
Copyright©Jeffrey W. Lotz/Florida Dept of Agriculture & Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and typically Solanaceous flowers. USA.
Foliage and flowersSolanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and typically Solanaceous flowers. USA.©Jeffrey W. Lotz/Florida Dept of Agriculture & Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum tuberosum (potato); white flowers. Kula Agriculture Station, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2012.
TitleFlowers
CaptionSolanum tuberosum (potato); white flowers. Kula Agriculture Station, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2012.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2012 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum tuberosum (potato); white flowers. Kula Agriculture Station, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2012.
FlowersSolanum tuberosum (potato); white flowers. Kula Agriculture Station, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2012.©Forest & Kim Starr-2012 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); flowers and leaves. Mokolea Pt, Kilauea Pt NWR, Kauai, Hawaii, USA. March, 2013.
TitleFlowers and leaves
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); flowers and leaves. Mokolea Pt, Kilauea Pt NWR, Kauai, Hawaii, USA. March, 2013.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2013 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); flowers and leaves. Mokolea Pt, Kilauea Pt NWR, Kauai, Hawaii, USA. March, 2013.
Flowers and leavesSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); flowers and leaves. Mokolea Pt, Kilauea Pt NWR, Kauai, Hawaii, USA. March, 2013.©Forest & Kim Starr-2013 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); fruits, var. 'Red Ruffled'. Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid, Spain. September 2008.
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); fruits, var. 'Red Ruffled'. Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid, Spain. September 2008.
Copyright©Cillas/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); fruits, var. 'Red Ruffled'. Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid, Spain. September 2008.
FruitsSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); fruits, var. 'Red Ruffled'. Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid, Spain. September 2008.©Cillas/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Flowers, foliage and unripe fruits of Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum). CABI-HQ, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK. October 2012
TitleFlowers, foliage and unripe fruits
CaptionFlowers, foliage and unripe fruits of Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum). CABI-HQ, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK. October 2012
Copyright©CABI-2012/Michael J. Amphlett
Flowers, foliage and unripe fruits of Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum). CABI-HQ, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK. October 2012
Flowers, foliage and unripe fruitsFlowers, foliage and unripe fruits of Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum). CABI-HQ, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK. October 2012©CABI-2012/Michael J. Amphlett
Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruiting plant in November. USA
TitleMaturing fruits
CaptionSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruiting plant in November. USA
Copyright©John W. Everest, Auburn University, Bugwood.org. CC BY 3.0 US.
Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruiting plant in November. USA
Maturing fruitsSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruiting plant in November. USA©John W. Everest, Auburn University, Bugwood.org. CC BY 3.0 US.
Tuber infection of potato (Solanum tuberosum) on cv. 'Red Robin' caused by Dickeya solani. Image is of a tuber harvested from a field grown, naturally infected plant in Scotland, UK in 2009.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionTuber infection of potato (Solanum tuberosum) on cv. 'Red Robin' caused by Dickeya solani. Image is of a tuber harvested from a field grown, naturally infected plant in Scotland, UK in 2009.
CopyrightPublic Domain - ex. SASA ©Crown Copyright
Tuber infection of potato (Solanum tuberosum) on cv. 'Red Robin' caused by Dickeya solani. Image is of a tuber harvested from a field grown, naturally infected plant in Scotland, UK in 2009.
SymptomsTuber infection of potato (Solanum tuberosum) on cv. 'Red Robin' caused by Dickeya solani. Image is of a tuber harvested from a field grown, naturally infected plant in Scotland, UK in 2009.Public Domain - ex. SASA ©Crown Copyright
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); fruit/seedpod. USA.
TitleFruit
CaptionSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); fruit/seedpod. USA.
Copyright©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); fruit/seedpod. USA.
FruitSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); fruit/seedpod. USA.©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum tuberosum (potato); purple flowers.
TitleFlowers
CaptionSolanum tuberosum (potato); purple flowers.
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by the USDA, original photographer Ken Weller/USDA ARS
Solanum tuberosum (potato); purple flowers.
FlowersSolanum tuberosum (potato); purple flowers.Public Domain - Released by the USDA, original photographer Ken Weller/USDA ARS
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe and unripe fruits. Industrial area, Mokulele Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2009.
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe and unripe fruits. Industrial area, Mokulele Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2009.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2009 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe and unripe fruits. Industrial area, Mokulele Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2009.
FruitsSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe and unripe fruits. Industrial area, Mokulele Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2009.©Forest & Kim Starr-2009 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits, a white variety. Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits, a white variety. Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.
Copyright©Michael Hermann/Crops of the Future/http://www.cropsforthefuture.org - CC BY-SA 3.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits, a white variety. Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.
FruitsSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits, a white variety. Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.©Michael Hermann/Crops of the Future/http://www.cropsforthefuture.org - CC BY-SA 3.0
Frank Krainin, PPQ, studies a Solanum viarum plant after frost. An early observation that TSA roots could survive the winter in Georgia, USA.
TitleInvasive habit
CaptionFrank Krainin, PPQ, studies a Solanum viarum plant after frost. An early observation that TSA roots could survive the winter in Georgia, USA.
Copyright©Arthur E. Miller, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org. CC BY 3.0 US.
Frank Krainin, PPQ, studies a Solanum viarum plant after frost. An early observation that TSA roots could survive the winter in Georgia, USA.
Invasive habitFrank Krainin, PPQ, studies a Solanum viarum plant after frost. An early observation that TSA roots could survive the winter in Georgia, USA.©Arthur E. Miller, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org. CC BY 3.0 US.
Dickeya solani colonies on Crystal Violet Pectate Medium (CVPM). CVPM is typically used to isolate the bacterium from infected plant material. D. solani produces pitted colonies on CVPM as a result of the actions of pectolytic enzymes.
TitleDickeya solani colonies on Crystal Violet Pectate Medium (CVPM)
CaptionDickeya solani colonies on Crystal Violet Pectate Medium (CVPM). CVPM is typically used to isolate the bacterium from infected plant material. D. solani produces pitted colonies on CVPM as a result of the actions of pectolytic enzymes.
CopyrightPublic Domain - ex. SASA ©Crown Copyright
Dickeya solani colonies on Crystal Violet Pectate Medium (CVPM). CVPM is typically used to isolate the bacterium from infected plant material. D. solani produces pitted colonies on CVPM as a result of the actions of pectolytic enzymes.
Dickeya solani colonies on Crystal Violet Pectate Medium (CVPM)Dickeya solani colonies on Crystal Violet Pectate Medium (CVPM). CVPM is typically used to isolate the bacterium from infected plant material. D. solani produces pitted colonies on CVPM as a result of the actions of pectolytic enzymes.Public Domain - ex. SASA ©Crown Copyright
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade); seed, hilum arrowed. Laboratory at CPHST, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
TitleSeed
CaptionSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade); seed, hilum arrowed. Laboratory at CPHST, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
Copyright©D. Walters & C. Southwick/Table Grape Weed Disseminule ID/USDA APHIS ITP/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade); seed, hilum arrowed. Laboratory at CPHST, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
SeedSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade); seed, hilum arrowed. Laboratory at CPHST, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.©D. Walters & C. Southwick/Table Grape Weed Disseminule ID/USDA APHIS ITP/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Solanum tuberosum (potato); fruits, which are typical of Solanacae and, poisonous. They contain solanine, a substance that is toxic to humans, particularly children. Hawea Place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2011.
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum tuberosum (potato); fruits, which are typical of Solanacae and, poisonous. They contain solanine, a substance that is toxic to humans, particularly children. Hawea Place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2011.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2011 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum tuberosum (potato); fruits, which are typical of Solanacae and, poisonous. They contain solanine, a substance that is toxic to humans, particularly children. Hawea Place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2011.
FruitsSolanum tuberosum (potato); fruits, which are typical of Solanacae and, poisonous. They contain solanine, a substance that is toxic to humans, particularly children. Hawea Place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2011.©Forest & Kim Starr-2011 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe fruits. Waihee Coastal Preserve, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2012.
TitleRipe fruits
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe fruits. Waihee Coastal Preserve, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2012.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2012 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe fruits. Waihee Coastal Preserve, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2012.
Ripe fruitsSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe fruits. Waihee Coastal Preserve, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2012.©Forest & Kim Starr-2012 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits, of a white variety, on a local market stall. Abidjan, Ivory Coast. November 2014.
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits, of a white variety, on a local market stall. Abidjan, Ivory Coast. November 2014.
Copyright©African Hope/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits, of a white variety, on a local market stall. Abidjan, Ivory Coast. November 2014.
FruitsSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits, of a white variety, on a local market stall. Abidjan, Ivory Coast. November 2014.©African Hope/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Solanum tuberosum (potato); leaves, stem and a small potato tuber. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
TitleLeaves, stem and tuber
CaptionSolanum tuberosum (potato); leaves, stem and a small potato tuber. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2007 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum tuberosum (potato); leaves, stem and a small potato tuber. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
Leaves, stem and tuberSolanum tuberosum (potato); leaves, stem and a small potato tuber. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.©Forest & Kim Starr-2007 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); seedlings. Sliding Sands Trail, Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2015.
TitleSeedlings
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); seedlings. Sliding Sands Trail, Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2015.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2015 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); seedlings. Sliding Sands Trail, Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2015.
SeedlingsSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); seedlings. Sliding Sands Trail, Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2015.©Forest & Kim Starr-2015 - CC BY 3.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits, var 'Sola'. Used cooked in many popular traditional sauces in the central Africa region.
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits, var 'Sola'. Used cooked in many popular traditional sauces in the central Africa region.
Copyright©T.K. Naliaka/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits, var 'Sola'. Used cooked in many popular traditional sauces in the central Africa region.
FruitsSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits, var 'Sola'. Used cooked in many popular traditional sauces in the central Africa region.©T.K. Naliaka/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits. Shown here as sold in Senegal street markets and ready to cook. Scale compared with spoons.
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits. Shown here as sold in Senegal street markets and ready to cook. Scale compared with spoons.
Copyright©T.K. Naliaka/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits. Shown here as sold in Senegal street markets and ready to cook. Scale compared with spoons.
FruitsSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); harvested fruits. Shown here as sold in Senegal street markets and ready to cook. Scale compared with spoons.©T.K. Naliaka/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); flower. Botanische tuin TU Delft in Delft, The Netherlands. May 2006.
TitleFlower
CaptionSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); flower. Botanische tuin TU Delft in Delft, The Netherlands. May 2006.
CopyrightPublic Domian - Released by Hans B/via wkipedia
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); flower. Botanische tuin TU Delft in Delft, The Netherlands. May 2006.
FlowerSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); flower. Botanische tuin TU Delft in Delft, The Netherlands. May 2006.Public Domian - Released by Hans B/via wkipedia
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); being grown for seed production, at the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC). Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.
TitleHabit
CaptionSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); being grown for seed production, at the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC). Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.
Copyright©Michael Hermann/Crops for the Future/http://www.cropsforthefuture.org - CC BY-SA 3.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); being grown for seed production, at the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC). Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.
HabitSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); being grown for seed production, at the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC). Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.©Michael Hermann/Crops for the Future/http://www.cropsforthefuture.org - CC BY-SA 3.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); fruits being harvested for seed production, at the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC). Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.
TitleHarvesting
CaptionSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); fruits being harvested for seed production, at the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC). Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.
Copyright©Michael Hermann/Crops for the Future/http://www.cropsforthefuture.org - CC BY-SA 3.0
Solanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); fruits being harvested for seed production, at the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC). Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.
HarvestingSolanum aethiopicum (African scarlet eggplant); fruits being harvested for seed production, at the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC). Arusha, Tanzania. September 2013.©Michael Hermann/Crops for the Future/http://www.cropsforthefuture.org - CC BY-SA 3.0

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Solanum L.

Preferred Common Name

  • nightshade

International Common Names

  • French: Morelle

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Nachtschatten

EPPO code

  • SOLSS (Solanum sp.)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Solanales
  •                         Family: Solanaceae
  •                             Genus: Solanum

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

South AfricaPresent

Asia

IndiaPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
IranPresent
JapanPresent
-HonshuPresent
LebanonPresent

Europe

BulgariaPresent
LithuaniaPresent
NetherlandsPresent
RomaniaPresent

Oceania

New ZealandPresent

South America

EcuadorPresent

References

Top of page

Hajiabadi, A. M., Asaei, F., Mandoulakani, B. A., Rastgou, M., 2012. Natural incidence of tomato viruses in the North of Iran. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 51(2), 390-396. http://www.fupress.com/pm/

Tedeschi, R., Picciau, L., Quaglino, F., Abou-Jawdah, Y., Lova, M. M., Jawhari, M., Casati, P., Cominetti, A., Choueiri, E., Abdul-Nour, H., Bianco, P. A., Alma, A., 2015. A cixiid survey for natural potential vectors of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' in Lebanon and preliminary transmission trials. Annals of Applied Biology, 166(3), 372-388. doi: 10.1111/aab.12188

Distribution References

Adler N E, Erselius L J, Chacón M G, Flier W G, Ordoñez M E, Kroon L P N M, Forbes G A, 2004. Genetic diversity of Phytophthora infestans sensu lato in Ecuador provides new insight into the origin of this important plant pathogen. Phytopathology. 94 (2), 154-162. DOI:10.1094/PHYTO.2004.94.2.154

Baețan R, Oltean I, Vărădie P, Florian T, 2013. Researches concerning the spreading of Tuta absoluta species into greenhouses from West of Romania. Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca. Agriculture. 70 (1), 110-112. http://journals.usamvcluj.ro/index.php/agriculture/issue/archive

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Hajiabadi A M, Asaei F, Mandoulakani B A, Rastgou M, 2012. Natural incidence of tomato viruses in the North of Iran. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 51 (2), 390-396. http://www.fupress.com/pm/

Ostrauskas H, Pakalniškis S, Taluntytė L, 2005. Dipteran leafminers in the vicinity of glasshouses and plant markets in Lithuania. Bulletin OEPP. 35 (1), 73-77. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2005.00808.x

Sunil Joshi, 2017. First record of Pulvinaria urbicola Cockerell (Hemiptera: Coccidae) from India, with a key to the Indian species of Pulvinaria Targioni Tozzetti. Zootaxa. 4236 (3), 533-542. DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4236.3.7

Tedeschi R, Picciau L, Quaglino F, Abou-Jawdah Y, Lova M M, Jawhari M, Casati P, Cominetti A, Choueiri E, Abdul-Nour H, Bianco P A, Alma A, 2015. A cixiid survey for natural potential vectors of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' in Lebanon and preliminary transmission trials. Annals of Applied Biology. 166 (3), 372-388. DOI:10.1111/aab.12188

Walker G P, Qureshi M S, Wallace A R, 2004. Parasitism of lepidopteran larvae collected from vegetable crops and associated weeds at Pukekohe. New Zealand Plant Protection, Volume 57, 2004. Proceedings of a conference, Hamilton, New Zealand, 10-12 August 2004. 1-7.

Yovkova M, Petrović-Obradović O, Tasheva-Terzieva E, Pencheva A, 2013. Aphids (Hemiptera, Aphididae) on ornamental plants in greenhouses in Bulgaria. ZooKeys. 347-361. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/4318/aphids-hemiptera-aphididae-on-ornamental-plants-in-greenhouses-in-bulgaria

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map
Select a dataset
Map Legends
  • CABI Summary Records
Map Filters
Extent
Invasive
Origin
Third party data sources: