Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Solanum
(nightshade)

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Datasheet

Solanum (nightshade)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Solanum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • nightshade
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); infestation of well grown plants. USA
TitleInvasive habit
CaptionSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple); infestation of well grown plants. USA
Copyright©Charles T. Bryson/USDA Agricultural Research Service/Bugwood.org: CC BY 3.0 US.
Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); infestation of well grown plants. USA
Invasive habitSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple); infestation of well grown plants. USA©Charles T. Bryson/USDA Agricultural Research Service/Bugwood.org: CC BY 3.0 US.
Solanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); flowers.
TitleFlowers
CaptionSolanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); flowers.
Copyright©Smithsonian Institution/Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez
Solanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); flowers.
FlowersSolanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); flowers.©Smithsonian Institution/Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez
Dickeya solani on potato (Solanum tuberosum) cv. Red Robin. Image is of field grown naturally infected potatoes from Scotland, UK in July 2009.
TitleField symptoms
CaptionDickeya solani on potato (Solanum tuberosum) cv. Red Robin. Image is of field grown naturally infected potatoes from Scotland, UK in July 2009.
CopyrightPublic Domain - ex. SASA ©Crown Copyright
Dickeya solani on potato (Solanum tuberosum) cv. Red Robin. Image is of field grown naturally infected potatoes from Scotland, UK in July 2009.
Field symptomsDickeya solani on potato (Solanum tuberosum) cv. Red Robin. Image is of field grown naturally infected potatoes from Scotland, UK in July 2009.Public Domain - ex. SASA ©Crown Copyright
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.
TitleHabit
CaptionSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.
Copyright©Howard F. Schwartz/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.
HabitSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.©Howard F. Schwartz/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and ripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.
TitleFoliage and fruit
CaptionSolanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and ripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database/original by Mark A. Garland
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and ripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.
Foliage and fruitSolanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and ripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.Public Domain - Released by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database/original by Mark A. Garland
Solanum tuberosum (potato); habit, as an invasive, at a fire area spatter vent. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
TitleHabit
CaptionSolanum tuberosum (potato); habit, as an invasive, at a fire area spatter vent. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum tuberosum (potato); habit, as an invasive, at a fire area spatter vent. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
HabitSolanum tuberosum (potato); habit, as an invasive, at a fire area spatter vent. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2009.
TitleHabit
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2009.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2009.
HabitSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2009.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Typical habit, showing foliage
TitleHabit, showing foliage
CaptionTypical habit, showing foliage
Copyright©J. Jeffrey Mullahey/University of Florida/Bugwood.org: CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Typical habit, showing foliage
Habit, showing foliageTypical habit, showing foliage ©J. Jeffrey Mullahey/University of Florida/Bugwood.org: CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Solanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); close-up of flower.
TitleFlower
CaptionSolanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); close-up of flower.
Copyright©Smithsonian Institution/Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez
Solanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); close-up of flower.
FlowerSolanum seaforthianum (star potato-vine); close-up of flower.©Smithsonian Institution/Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.
TitleHabit
CaptionSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.
Copyright© Howard F. Schwartz/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.
HabitSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); habit. La Junta, Colorado, USA.© Howard F. Schwartz/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and unripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.
TitleFoliage and fruit
CaptionSolanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and unripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database/original by Mark A. Garland
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and unripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.
Foliage and fruitSolanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and unripe fruit. Carr Farm, Alachua County, west of Micanopy, Florida, USA.Public Domain - Released by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database/original by Mark A. Garland
Solanum tuberosum (potato); leaves. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
TitleLeaves
CaptionSolanum tuberosum (potato); leaves. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum tuberosum (potato); leaves. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
LeavesSolanum tuberosum (potato); leaves. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit, amongst other vegetation. Moaulanui, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2004.
TitleHabit
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit, amongst other vegetation. Moaulanui, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2004.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit, amongst other vegetation. Moaulanui, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2004.
HabitSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit, amongst other vegetation. Moaulanui, Kahoolawe, Hawaii, USA. December, 2004.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruits. Thorny nightshade from Argentina, first appeared in the USA in pastures and rangelands in Glades County, Florida, in 1988. Mottled green fruits that look like small watermelons are a distinguishing feature .
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruits. Thorny nightshade from Argentina, first appeared in the USA in pastures and rangelands in Glades County, Florida, in 1988. Mottled green fruits that look like small watermelons are a distinguishing feature .
Copyright©J. Jeffrey Mullahey, University of Florida, Bugwood.org: CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruits. Thorny nightshade from Argentina, first appeared in the USA in pastures and rangelands in Glades County, Florida, in 1988. Mottled green fruits that look like small watermelons are a distinguishing feature .
FruitsSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruits. Thorny nightshade from Argentina, first appeared in the USA in pastures and rangelands in Glades County, Florida, in 1988. Mottled green fruits that look like small watermelons are a distinguishing feature .©J. Jeffrey Mullahey, University of Florida, Bugwood.org: CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); flower. USA.
TitleFlower
CaptionSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); flower. USA.
Copyright©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); flower. USA.
FlowerSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); flower. USA.©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and typically Solanaceous flowers. USA.
TitleFoliage and flowers
CaptionSolanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and typically Solanaceous flowers. USA.
Copyright©Jeffrey W. Lotz/Florida Dept of Agriculture & Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and typically Solanaceous flowers. USA.
Foliage and flowersSolanum capsicoides (cockroach berry); foliage and typically Solanaceous flowers. USA.©Jeffrey W. Lotz/Florida Dept of Agriculture & Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum tuberosum (potato); white flowers. Kula Agriculture Station, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2012.
TitleFlowers
CaptionSolanum tuberosum (potato); white flowers. Kula Agriculture Station, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2012.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum tuberosum (potato); white flowers. Kula Agriculture Station, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2012.
FlowersSolanum tuberosum (potato); white flowers. Kula Agriculture Station, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2012.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); flowers and leaves. Mokolea Pt, Kilauea Pt NWR, Kauai, Hawaii, USA. March, 2013.
TitleFlowers and leaves
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); flowers and leaves. Mokolea Pt, Kilauea Pt NWR, Kauai, Hawaii, USA. March, 2013.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); flowers and leaves. Mokolea Pt, Kilauea Pt NWR, Kauai, Hawaii, USA. March, 2013.
Flowers and leavesSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); flowers and leaves. Mokolea Pt, Kilauea Pt NWR, Kauai, Hawaii, USA. March, 2013.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Flowers, foliage and unripe fruits of Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum). CABI-HQ, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK. October 2012
TitleFlowers, foliage and unripe fruits
CaptionFlowers, foliage and unripe fruits of Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum). CABI-HQ, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK. October 2012
Copyright©CABI-2012/Michael J. Amphlett
Flowers, foliage and unripe fruits of Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum). CABI-HQ, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK. October 2012
Flowers, foliage and unripe fruitsFlowers, foliage and unripe fruits of Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum). CABI-HQ, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK. October 2012©CABI-2012/Michael J. Amphlett
Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruiting plant in November. USA
TitleMaturing fruits
CaptionSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruiting plant in November. USA
Copyright©John W. Everest/Auburn University/Bugwood.org. CC BY 3.0 US.
Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruiting plant in November. USA
Maturing fruitsSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple); fruiting plant in November. USA©John W. Everest/Auburn University/Bugwood.org. CC BY 3.0 US.
Tuber infection of potato (Solanum tuberosum) on cv. 'Red Robin' caused by Dickeya solani. Image is of a tuber harvested from a field grown, naturally infected plant in Scotland, UK in 2009.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionTuber infection of potato (Solanum tuberosum) on cv. 'Red Robin' caused by Dickeya solani. Image is of a tuber harvested from a field grown, naturally infected plant in Scotland, UK in 2009.
CopyrightPublic Domain - ex. SASA ©Crown Copyright
Tuber infection of potato (Solanum tuberosum) on cv. 'Red Robin' caused by Dickeya solani. Image is of a tuber harvested from a field grown, naturally infected plant in Scotland, UK in 2009.
SymptomsTuber infection of potato (Solanum tuberosum) on cv. 'Red Robin' caused by Dickeya solani. Image is of a tuber harvested from a field grown, naturally infected plant in Scotland, UK in 2009.Public Domain - ex. SASA ©Crown Copyright
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); fruit/seedpod. USA.
TitleFruit
CaptionSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); fruit/seedpod. USA.
Copyright©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); fruit/seedpod. USA.
FruitSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade or buffalobur); fruit/seedpod. USA.©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Solanum tuberosum (potato); purple flowers.
TitleFlowers
CaptionSolanum tuberosum (potato); purple flowers.
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by the USDA, original photographer Ken Weller/USDA ARS
Solanum tuberosum (potato); purple flowers.
FlowersSolanum tuberosum (potato); purple flowers.Public Domain - Released by the USDA, original photographer Ken Weller/USDA ARS
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe and unripe fruits. Industrial area, Mokulele Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2009.
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe and unripe fruits. Industrial area, Mokulele Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2009.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe and unripe fruits. Industrial area, Mokulele Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2009.
FruitsSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe and unripe fruits. Industrial area, Mokulele Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2009.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Frank Krainin, PPQ, studies a Solanum viarum plant after frost. An early observation that TSA roots could survive the winter in Georgia, USA.
TitleInvasive habit
CaptionFrank Krainin, PPQ, studies a Solanum viarum plant after frost. An early observation that TSA roots could survive the winter in Georgia, USA.
Copyright©Arthur E. Miller, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org. CC BY 3.0 US.
Frank Krainin, PPQ, studies a Solanum viarum plant after frost. An early observation that TSA roots could survive the winter in Georgia, USA.
Invasive habitFrank Krainin, PPQ, studies a Solanum viarum plant after frost. An early observation that TSA roots could survive the winter in Georgia, USA.©Arthur E. Miller, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org. CC BY 3.0 US.
Dickeya solani colonies on Crystal Violet Pectate Medium (CVPM). CVPM is typically used to isolate the bacterium from infected plant material. D. solani produces pitted colonies on CVPM as a result of the actions of pectolytic enzymes.
TitleDickeya solani colonies on Crystal Violet Pectate Medium (CVPM)
CaptionDickeya solani colonies on Crystal Violet Pectate Medium (CVPM). CVPM is typically used to isolate the bacterium from infected plant material. D. solani produces pitted colonies on CVPM as a result of the actions of pectolytic enzymes.
CopyrightPublic Domain - ex. SASA ©Crown Copyright
Dickeya solani colonies on Crystal Violet Pectate Medium (CVPM). CVPM is typically used to isolate the bacterium from infected plant material. D. solani produces pitted colonies on CVPM as a result of the actions of pectolytic enzymes.
Dickeya solani colonies on Crystal Violet Pectate Medium (CVPM)Dickeya solani colonies on Crystal Violet Pectate Medium (CVPM). CVPM is typically used to isolate the bacterium from infected plant material. D. solani produces pitted colonies on CVPM as a result of the actions of pectolytic enzymes.Public Domain - ex. SASA ©Crown Copyright
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade); seed, hilum arrowed. Laboratory at CPHST, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
TitleSeed
CaptionSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade); seed, hilum arrowed. Laboratory at CPHST, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
Copyright©D. Walters & C. Southwick/Table Grape Weed Disseminule ID/USDA APHIS ITP/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Solanum rostratum (prickly nightshade); seed, hilum arrowed. Laboratory at CPHST, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
SeedSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade); seed, hilum arrowed. Laboratory at CPHST, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.©D. Walters & C. Southwick/Table Grape Weed Disseminule ID/USDA APHIS ITP/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Solanum tuberosum (potato); fruits, which are typical of Solanacae and, poisonous. They contain solanine, a substance that is toxic to humans, particularly children. Hawea Place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2011.
TitleFruits
CaptionSolanum tuberosum (potato); fruits, which are typical of Solanacae and, poisonous. They contain solanine, a substance that is toxic to humans, particularly children. Hawea Place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2011.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum tuberosum (potato); fruits, which are typical of Solanacae and, poisonous. They contain solanine, a substance that is toxic to humans, particularly children. Hawea Place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2011.
FruitsSolanum tuberosum (potato); fruits, which are typical of Solanacae and, poisonous. They contain solanine, a substance that is toxic to humans, particularly children. Hawea Place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July, 2011.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe fruits. Waihee Coastal Preserve, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2012.
TitleRipe fruits
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe fruits. Waihee Coastal Preserve, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2012.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe fruits. Waihee Coastal Preserve, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2012.
Ripe fruitsSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); ripe fruits. Waihee Coastal Preserve, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2012.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum tuberosum (potato); leaves, stem and a small potato tuber. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
TitleLeaves, stem and tuber
CaptionSolanum tuberosum (potato); leaves, stem and a small potato tuber. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum tuberosum (potato); leaves, stem and a small potato tuber. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.
Leaves, stem and tuberSolanum tuberosum (potato); leaves, stem and a small potato tuber. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2007.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); seedlings. Sliding Sands Trail, Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2015.
TitleSeedlings
CaptionSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); seedlings. Sliding Sands Trail, Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2015.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); seedlings. Sliding Sands Trail, Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2015.
SeedlingsSolanum lycopersicum (tomato); seedlings. Sliding Sands Trail, Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2015.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Solanum L.

Preferred Common Name

  • nightshade

International Common Names

  • French: Morelle

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Nachtschatten

EPPO code

  • SOLSS (Solanum sp.)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Solanales
  •                         Family: Solanaceae
  •                             Genus: Solanum

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Epilachna vigintioctopunctata (hadda beetle); Globisporangium splendens (blast of oil palm); Hercinothrips femoralis (banded greenhouse thrips); Nezara viridula (green stink bug); Parasaissetia nigra (pomegranate scale); Phytophthora cactorum (apple collar rot); Polygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Saissetia coffeae (hemispherical scale); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)

Minor host of:

Aleurodicus dispersus (whitefly); Aleurodicus dugesii; Ametastegia; Aonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale); Aonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale); Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale); Ceroplastes destructor (white wax scale); Coccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug); Coccus hesperidum (brown soft scale); Colletotrichum truncatum (soyabean anthracnose); Diaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale); Dociostaurus maroccanus (Moroccan locust); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (vascular cotton wilt); Gibberella zeae (headblight of maize); Globodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode); Icerya seychellarum (Seychelles scale); Meloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode); Nemorimyza maculosa (chrysanthemum leaf miner); Phenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug); Phenacoccus peruvianus; Piezodorus hybneri (legume stink bug); Planococcus citri (citrus mealybug); Polyscytalum pustulans (skin spot of potato); Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale); Solenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)

Wild host of:

Anthonomus eugenii (pepper weevil); Aphis fabae (black bean aphid); Bactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid); Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Brachycaudus helichrysi (leaf-curling plum aphid); Chrysodeixis includens (soybean looper); Ditylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode); Phytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight); Planococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug); Potato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato); Potato virus Y (potato mottle); Potato yellowing virus; Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Synchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato); Thecaphora solani (potato smut); Tobacco mosaic virus (tobacco mosaic); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper)

Host of (source - data mining):

Archips rosana (European leaf roller); Archips xylosteanus (apple, leafroller); Colletotrichum coccodes (anthracnose); Frumenta nephelomicta; Gargaphia solani (eggplant, lace bug); Phenacoccus parvus (lantana mealybug)