Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Sitona lineatus
(pea leaf weevil)

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Datasheet

Sitona lineatus (pea leaf weevil)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Sitona lineatus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pea leaf weevil
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Pea leaf weevil.
TitleAdult on pea
CaptionPea leaf weevil.
Copyright©AgrEvo
Pea leaf weevil.
Adult on peaPea leaf weevil.©AgrEvo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Sitona lineatus Linnaeus

Preferred Common Name

  • pea leaf weevil

Other Scientific Names

  • Curculio lineatus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Sitona cupreosquamosus Goeze
  • Sitona griseus Marsham, 1802
  • Sitona intersectus Fourcroy, 1785
  • Sitona lineata Linnaeus, 1758
  • Sitona neophytis Herbst, 1795
  • Sitona pisivora Stephens, 1831
  • Sitona squamosus Gmelin, 1790
  • Sitones lineatus Linnaeus, 1758

International Common Names

  • English: pea and bean weevil; striped bean weevil
  • Spanish: sitona del guisante
  • French: charançon rayé du pois; sitone des pois; sitone lineaire

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: stribet bladrandbille
  • Finland: juovahernekärsäkäs
  • Germany: Blattrandkaefer, Gestreifter-; Liniierten Blattrandkafer
  • Israel: chidkonit shulei haalim
  • Netherlands: bladrandkever
  • Norway: bladrandbille; ertesnutebille
  • Sweden: artviveln
  • Turkey: bezelye hortumlu bocegi

EPPO code

  • SITNGI (Sitona griseus)
  • SITNLI (Sitona lineatus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Curculionidae
  •                             Genus: Sitona
  •                                 Species: Sitona lineatus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent
EgyptPresent
MoroccoPresent
TunisiaPresentOriginal citation: Blaeser (1982)
UgandaPresent

Asia

IranPresent
IsraelPresent
SyriaPresent
TurkeyPresent

Europe

AustriaPresent
BelarusPresent
BelgiumPresent
CyprusPresent
CzechoslovakiaPresent
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent
DenmarkPresent
EstoniaPresent
FinlandPresent
FrancePresent
-CorsicaPresent
GermanyPresent
GibraltarPresent
GreecePresent
HungaryPresent
IrelandPresent
LatviaPresent
LithuaniaPresent
NetherlandsPresent
PolandPresent
PortugalPresent
-AzoresPresent
-MadeiraPresent
RomaniaPresent
RussiaPresent
SlovakiaPresent
SpainPresent
-Canary IslandsPresent
SwedenPresent
SwitzerlandPresent
UkrainePresent
United KingdomPresent
-Channel IslandsPresent

North America

BermudaAbsent, Intercepted only
CanadaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-British ColumbiaPresent
United StatesPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-CaliforniaPresent
-FloridaPresent
-IdahoPresent
-OregonPresent
-VirginiaPresent
-WashingtonPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-South AustraliaPresent
New ZealandAbsent, Intercepted only

Growth Stages

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Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Roots / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Agonum dorsale Predator
Allurus muricatus Parasite Adults
Anaphes diana Parasite Eggs
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen Adults/Larvae
Campogaster exigua Parasite Adults
Carabidae Predator Adults/Larvae
Harpalus rufipes Predator
Metarhizium anisopliae Pathogen Adults/Eggs/Larvae/Pupae
Metarhizium flavoviride Pathogen Eggs/Larvae
Microctonus aethiopoides Parasite Adults
Microsoma exigua Parasite
Paecilomyces farinosus Pathogen
Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Pathogen
Perilitus rutilus Parasite Adults
Pterostichus madidus Predator
Pterostichus melanarius Predator
Pygostolus falcatus Parasite Adults

References

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Aeschlimann JP, 1990. The distribution and importance of Microsoma exigua Mg. (Dipt., Tachinidae), a parasitoid of adult Sitona spp. (Col., Curculionidae) in the Mediterranean region. Journal of Applied Entomology, 109(2):151-155

Ahmadi AA, Alichi M, 1991. The Sitona (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) fauna of Fars Province. Proceedings of the Tenth Plant Protection Congress of Iran, 1-5 September 1991. Kerman, Iran: University of Shahid Bahonar

Arnold AJ, Cayley GR, Dunne Y, Etheridge P, Greenway AR, Griffiths DC, Phillips FT, Pye BJ, Rawlinson CJ, Scott GC, 1984. Biological effectiveness of electrostatically charged rotary atomisers. III. Trials on arable crops other than cereals, 1982. Annals of Applied Biology, 105(2):369-377

Auld DL, O'Keeffe LE, Murray GA, Smith JH, 1980. Diallel analyses of resistance to the adult pea leaf weevil in peas. Crop Science, 20(6):760-766

Balachowsky AS, 1963. Entomologie Appliquée a L'Agriculture. Tome 1. ColéoptFres (Second volume). Paris, France: Masson et Cie., 982-984

Baliddawa CW, 1984. Movement and feeding activity of adult pea leaf weevil, Sitona lineatus L. in an oat-broadbean diculture. Insect Science and its Application, 5(1):33-39

Baliddawa CW, 1988. The effect of crop microenvironment on the pea leaf weevil's behaviour: an explanation for weevil departure from diverse cropping systems. Insect Science and its Application, 9(4):509-514

Baranov AD, 1914. Pests of field crops. Materials for the study of the injurious insects of the government of Moscow. Moscow, V, 112-130

Bardner R, Fletcher KE, Griffiths DC, 1980. Problems in the control of the pea and bean weevil (Sitona lineatus). British Crop Protection Council: Proceedings of the 1979 British Crop Protection Conference - Pests and Diseases (10th British Insecticide and Fungicide Conference) 19th to 22nd November 1979. Hotel Metropole, Brighton, England. Volumes 1, 2 and 3. Croydon, UK: British Crop Protection Council, 223-229

Bardner R, Fletcher KE, Griffiths DC, 1983. Chemical control of the pea and bean weevil, Sitona lineatus L., and subsequent effects on the yield of field beans Vicia faba L. Journal of Agricultural Science, 101(1):71-80

Baughan PJ, Toms AM, 1984. The development of a complete seed coating package for peas. 1984 British Crop Protection Conference. Pests and diseases. Proceedings of a conference held at Brighton Metropole, England, November 19-22, 1984. Volume 3 Croydon, United Kingdom; British Crop Protection Council, 965-970

BERRY PA, PARKER HL, 1950. Notes on Parasites of Sitona in Europe with especial Reference to Campogaster exigua (Meig.) (Diptera, Larvaevoridae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 52(5):251-258 pp

Bezdicek DF, Quinn MA, Forse L, Heron D, Kahn ML, 1994. Insecticidal activity and competitiveness of Rhizobium spp containing the Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis d-endotoxin gene (cryIII) in legume nodules. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 26(12):1637-1646; 46 ref

Biddle AJ, Smart LE, Blight MM, Lane A, 1996. A monitoring system for the pea and bean weevil (Sitona lineatus). In: Brighton Crop Protection Conference: Pests & Diseases-1996: Volume 1: Proceedings of an International Conference, Brighton, UK, 18-21 November 1996. Farnham, UK: British Crop Protection Council

Bloem S, Mizell RF III, O'Brien CW, 2002. Old traps for new weevils: new records for Curculionids (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), Brentids (Coleoptera: Brentidae) and Anthribids (Coleoptera: Anthribidae) from Jefferson Co., Florida. Florida Entomologist, 85(4):632-644. http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/

Blpser-Diekmann M, 1982. Survey on pests and diseases of faba beans (Vicia faba) in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. Fabis Newsletter, No. 4:44-45

Borges M de LV, Louro D, 1974. A biting insect as vector of broad bean mottle virus? Agronomia Lusitana, 36(2):215-216

Boroumand H, 1975. Key to the groups and species of the genus Sitona (Col. - Curculionidae) in Iran. Journal of the Entomological Society of Iran, 2(2):Pe 101-110; en 67-68

Bright DE, 1994. Revision of the genus Sitona (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) of North America. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 87(3):277-306

Cantot P, 1986. Estimation of the populations of Sitona lineatus L. and of their attacks on high-protein peas (Pisum sativum L.). Agronomie, 6(5):481-486

Cantot P, 1987. Influence of Sitona lineatus L. on the nodulation and yield components of peas. Colloques de l'INRA, No. 37:299-304

Cantot P, 1989. Effects of the larvae of Sitona lineatus L. on some productivity factors in proteaginous pea (Pisum sativum L.). Agronomie, 9(8):765-770

Cantot P, 1997. Methods for estimating populations of Sitona lineatus in pea fields. In: International Conference on Pests in Agriculture, 6-8 January 1997, at le Corum, Montpellier, France. Volume 3. Paris, France: Association Nationale pour la Protection des Plantes (ANPP)

Cantot P, Papineau J, 1983. Discrimination of lupins with low alkaloid contents by adults of Sitona lineatus L. (Col. Curculionidae). Agronomie, 3(9):937-940

Cmoluch Z, etowski J, Minda-Lechowska A, 1982. Weevils of the genus Sitona Germar (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) in plantations of papilionaceous plants in Poland. Annales Universitatis Marip Curie-Skodowska, C (Biologia), 37:67-86

Cmoluch Z, Letowski J, 1976. Weevils (Curculionidae, Coleoptera) on Onobrychis viciaefolia Scop. at Bezek (Chelm province). Annales Universitatis Marip Curie-Sklodowska, 31(18):201-210

Cockbain AJ, Cook SM, Bowen R, 1975. Transmission of broad bean stain virus and Echtes Ackerbohnenmosaik-Virus to field beans (Vicia faba) by weevils. Annals of Applied Biology, 81(3):331-339

Czerniakowski ZW, 1995. The dynamics of occurrence of Sitona lineatus L. on waste land and fallow in south-eastern Poland. Materiay Sesji Instytutu Ochrony Ros^acute~lin, 35(1):132-138; 4 ref

Czerniakowski ZW, BlaZej J, Olbrycht T, 1996. Increased incidence of major diseases and pests on horse bean (Vicia faba L. var. minor Harz.). Plant Breeding and Seed Science, 40(1/2):79-86; 20 ref

Czerniakowski ZW, Czerniakowski Z, 1994. The composition of Coleoptera species and intensity of their occurrence on Vicia faba plantations in south-eastern Poland. Materiay Sesji Instytutu Ochrony Ros^acute~lin, 34(1):215-221; 10 ref

Dieckmann L, 1980. Contributions to the insect fauna of the GDR: Coleoptera - Curculionidae (Brachycerinp, Otiorhynchinp, Brachyderinp). Beitrage zur Entomologie, 30(1):145-310

Dore T, Barrier C, Carriou Y, 1991. Management of proteinaceous peas and damage by weevils in Seine-et-Marne. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie d'Agriculture de France, 77(8):137-146

Downes W, 1938. The occurrence of Sitona lineatus L. in British Columbia. Canadian Entomologist, 70:22

Dyadechko NP, Goncharenko OI, Galun'ko VI, 1975. The toxicity of edge treatments of peas. Zashchita Rastenii, No.6:20

Ester A, Jeuring G, 1992. Efficacy of some insecticides used in coating faba beans to control pea and bean weevil (Sitona lineatus) and the relation between yield and attack. FABIS Newsletter, No. 30:32-41

Fam EZ, 1983. Reducing losses due to insects in faba beans in Egypt. FABIS Newsletter, Faba Bean Information Service, ICARDA, No. 7:48-49

Ferguson AW, 1994. Pests and plant injury on lupins in the south of England. Crop Protection, 13(3):201-210

Fisher JR, O'Keeffe LE, 1979. Food plants of the pea leaf weevil Sitona lineatus (Linnpus) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in northern Idaho and eastern Washington. Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 55(3):202-207

Fisher JR, O'Keeffe LE, 1979. Host potential of some cultivated legumes for the pea leaf weevil, Sitona lineatus (Linnpus) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 55(3):199-201

Fortass M, Diallo S, 1993. Broad bean mottle virus in Morocco; curculionid vectors, and natural occurrence in food legumes other than faba bean (Vicia faba). Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 99(4):219-226

Gimeno F, Perdiguer A, 1993. Study on evolution in Aragon of phytophagous insects on lucerne. Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 19(3):379-387

Greib G, Klingauf F, 1977. Investigations on the food-plant range of Sitona lineatus L. (Curcul., Coleopt.). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 82(3):267-274

Griffiths DC, Bardner R, Bater J, 1986. Control of damage by Sitona lineatus in autumn-sown faba beans. FABIS Newsletter, Faba Bean Information Service, ICARDA, 14:30-33

Hamon N, Allen-Williams L, Lee JB, Bardner R, 1984. Larval instar determination of the pea and bean weevil Sitona lineatus L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 120(1440/1443):167-171

Hamon N, Bardner R, Allen-Williams L, Lee JB, 1987. Flight periodicity and infestation size of Sitona lineatus. Annals of Applied Biology, 111(2):271-284

Hamon N, Bardner R, Allen-Williams LJ, Lee JB, 1990. Carabid populations in field beans and their effect on the population dynamics of Sitona lineatus (L.). Annals of Applied Biology, 117(1):51-62

Hatch MH, 1971. The beetles of the Pacific North-west, part V. Rhipiceroidea, Sternoxi, Phytophaga, Rhynchophora, and Lamellicornia. University of Washington Publication in Biology, 16

Havlickova H, 1972. The variability of the feeding of the pea weevil (Sitona lineatus L.) on lentil. Ochrana Rostlin, 8(2):107-112

Havlickova H, 1972. Verifying the feeding of Sitona lineatus under field conditions by laboratory tests. Ochrana Rostlin, 8(3):221-230

Havlickova H, 1979. The reaction of emerging lucerne to infestation with the pea weevil (Sitona lineatus L.). Sbornik Uvtiz - Ochrana Rostlin, 15(3):183-188

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Hoebeke ER, Wheeler AG Jr, 1985. Sitona lineatus (L.), the pea leaf weevil: first records in eastern North America (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 87(1):216-220

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Jaworska M, 1992. On the incidence of the pea weevil, Sitona lineatus L. (Col., Curculionidae) on annual legumes. Anzeiger fur Schadlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz, 65(4):70-72

Jaworska M, Ropek D, 1994. Influence of host-plant on the susceptibility of Sitona lineatus L. (Col., Curculionidae) to Steinernema carpocapsae Weiser. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 64(2):96-99

Jaworska M, Ropek D, 1996. Effect of biotic factors on control of Sitona lineatus by nematodes. In: Smits PH, ed. Insect pathogens and insect parasitic nematodes. Proceedings of the first joint meeting of the working groups, Poznan, Poland, 27 August-1 September, 1995. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 19(9):124-127

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pschlimann JP, 1980. The Sitona (Col.: Curculionidae) species occurring on Medicago and their natural enemies in the Mediterranean region. Entomophaga, 25(2):139-153

pschlimann JP, 1986. Distribution and effectiveness of Anaphes diana (= Patasson lameerei) (Hym.: Mymaridae), a parasitoid of Sitona spp. eggs (Col.: Curculionidae) in the Mediterranean region. Entomophaga, 31(2):163-172

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Salter WJ, Smith JM, 1986. Peas - control of establishment pests and diseases using metalaxyl based seed coatings. 1986 British Crop Protection Conference. Pests and diseases. Proceedings of a conference held at Brighton Metropole, England, November 17-20, 1986. Vol. 3., 1093-1100; 6 ref

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Schotzko DJ, O'Keefe LE, 1988. Effects of food plants and duration of hibernal quiescence on reproductive capacity of pea leaf weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 81(2):490-496; 21 ref

Schotzko DJ, O'Keeffe LE, 1988. Effects of food type, duration of hibernal quiescence, and weevil density on longevity of Sitona lineatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 81(6):1631-1636

Sequeira JC, Borges M de LV, 1989. Broad bean mottle virus in Portugal, host range, transmission, serology and virion characterization. Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana, 62(2A):291-303

Shurovenkov BG, 1977. An experiment on the use of sticky frames for counts of beetles of the genera Sitona (Curculionidae) and Bembidion (Carabidae) in fields. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 56(8):1232-1238

Sigvald R, 1978. Observations on pea weevil attack on field beans. Vaxtskyddsnotiser, 42(3):72-74

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Sledz D, Kordan B, 1994. Food preferences of the pea weevil (Sitona lineata L.), and its survival on different pea (Pisum sativum L.) cultivars in laboratory conditions. Acta Academiae Agriculturae ac Technicae Olstenensis, Agricultura, No. 59:107-113; 10 ref

Smart LE, Blight MM, Pickett JA, Pye BJ, 1994. Development of field strategies incorporating semiochemicals for the control of the pea and bean weevil, Sitona lineatus L. Crop Protection, 13(2):127-135

Steenberg T, Ravn HP, 1996. Effect of Beauveria bassiana against overwintering pea leaf weevil, Sitona lineatus. In: Insect pathogens and insect parasitic nematodes. In: Smits PH, ed. Proceedings of the first joint meeting [of the working groups], Poznan, Poland, 27 August-1 September 1995. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 19(9):183-185

Stepanov VF, 1978. Against root-nodule weevils on vetch. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 8:47

Tahhan O, Hariri G, 1981. Feeding oviposition and chemical control of Sitona limosus (Rossi) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on faba bean plants. FABIS Newsletter, No. 3:59-60

Tanasijevic N, 1974. The incidence of different Sitona species (Curculionidae, Sitonini) on legumes (Papilionaceae) in the SR of Serbia. Zastita Bilja, 25(128/129):133-140

Taupin P, Janson JP, 1997. Interest of seed treatment with furathiocarb for the control of pea weevil (Sitona lineatus L.) on peas. In: International Conference on Pests in Agriculture, 6-8 January 1997, at le Corum, Montpellier, France, Volume 3. Paris, France: Association Nationale pour la Protection des Plantes (ANPP)

Tóth P, Tóthová M, Cagán L', 2005. Weevils fauna associated with field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.) in Slovakia. Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica, 8(4):95-100

van Emden FI, 1952. On the taxonomy of Rhynchophora larvae: Adelognatha and Alophinae (Insecta: Coleoptera). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 122(3):651-795

Verkleij FN, Amelsvoort PAM van, Smits PH, 1992. Control of the pea weevil (Sitona lineatus L.) (Col., Curculionidae) by the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae in field beans. Journal of Applied Entomology, 113(2):183-193

Vulsteke G, Callewaert D, Vanoost N, Seynnaeve M, Calus A, 1996. Research 1995. Vining peas. Combining peas. Bush beans. Onderzoek- en Voorlichtingscentrum voor Land- en Tuinbouw-Beitem-Roeselare, Doperwt, Droge Erwt, Stamslaboon, 87 pp

Vulsteke G, Seutin E, 1985. Control of the pea weevil Sitona lineatus L. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 50(2b):651-663

Vulsteke G, Seutin E, Meeus P, 1989. Control of pea weevil and downy mildew in peas. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 54(2b):619-633

Vulsteke G, Steene F van de, Proft M de, Meeus P, 1994. Seed coating to control pests in peas (Pisum sativum L.). Acta Horticulturae, No. 371:37-44

Ward A, Morse S, 1995. Partial application of insecticide to broad bean (Vicia fabae) as a means of controlling bean aphid (Aphis fabae) and bean weevil (Sitona lineatus). Annals of Applied Biology, 127(2):239-249; 26 ref

Wiech K, Jaworska M, 1990. Susceptibility of Sitona weevils (Col., Curculionidae) to entomogenous nematodes. Journal of Applied Entomology, 110(2):214-216

Wijnands FG, Kroonen-Backbier B(Editors), 1991. Report for 1986. Experimental Farm, Development of Farming Systems. OBS-Publikatie, Ontwikkeling Bedrijfs-Systemen, Netherlands Lelystad, Netherlands; Proefstation voor de Akkerbouw en de Groenteteelt in de Vollegrond, No. 7:144pp

Williams L, Schotzko DJ, O'Keefe LE, 1995. Pea leaf weevil herbivory on pea seedlings: effects on growth response and yield. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 76(3):255-269

Wnuk A, Wiech K, 1996. Sitona weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) feeding on pea (Pisum sativum L.). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, 65(1/2):73-81; 12 ref

Wnuk A, Wiech K, 1996. The effect of spacing, date of sowing and intercropping on the occurrence of pea pests. Rocniki Nauk Rolniczych. Seria E, Ochrona Roslin, 25(1/2):9-14

Wodicka B, 1984. The virus diseases of horse bean (Vicia faba). Pflanzenarzt, 37(10):158-159

Distribution References

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Kůdela V, Havlíčková H, Vacke J, 1984. Sitona lineatus as a vector of Corynebacterium michiganense pv. insidiosum. (Sitona lineatus jako vektor Corynebacterium michiganense pv. insidiosum.). Sborník ÚVTIZ, Ochrana Rostlin. 20 (4), 267-271.

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Nadasy M A, 1983. Food preference studies on adults of some Sitona species. (Taplalekvalasztasi vizsgalatok nehany Sitona-faj imagojaval.). Novenyvedelem. 19 (7), 298-304.

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Nilsson C, 1968. The occurrence of Sitona spp. in leguminous fodder crops. (Forekomsten av Sitona-arter i vissa baljvaxtgrodor.). Vaxtskyddsnotiser. 32 (5-6), 83-85.

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Taupin P, Janson J P, 1997. Interest of seed treatment with furathiocarb for the control of pea weevil (Sitona lineatus L.) on peas. (Interet du traitement des semences a base de furathiocarbe dans la lutte contre le sitone du pois Sitona lineatus L.). In: International conference on pests in agriculture, 6-8 January 1997, at le Corum, Montpellier, France. Volume 3. [International conference on pests in agriculture, 6-8 January 1997, at le Corum, Montpellier, France. Volume 3.], Paris, France: Association Nationale pour la Protection des Plantes (ANPP). 1113-1120.

Tóth P, Tóthová M, Cagáň L', 2005. Weevils fauna associated with field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.) in Slovakia. Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica. 8 (4), 95-100.

Vulsteke G, Callewaert D, Vanoost N, Seynnaeve M, Calus A, 1996. Research 1995. Vining peas. Combining peas. Bush beans. (Onderzoek 1995. Doperwt. Droge erwt. Stamslaboon.). In: Onderzoek- en Voorlichtingscentrum voor Land- en Tuinbouw-Beitem-Roeselare, Doperwt, Droge Erwt, Stamslaboon, Beitem-Roeselare, Belgium: Provinciaal Onderzoek- en Voorlichtingscentrum voor Land- en Tuinbouw Beitem-Roeselare (Instituut Arthur Olivier). 87 pp.

Vulsteke G, Seutin E, Meeus P, 1989. Control of pea weevil and downy mildew in peas. In: Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 54 (2b) 619-633.

Ward A, Morse S, 1995. Partial application of insecticide to broad bean (Vicia fabae) as a means of controlling bean aphid (Aphis fabae) and bean weevil (Sitona lineatus). Annals of Applied Biology. 127 (2), 239-249. DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1995.tb06669.x

Williams L, Schotzko D J, O'Keefe L E, 1995. Pea leaf weevil herbivory on pea seedlings: effects on growth response and yield. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 76 (3), 255-269. DOI:10.1007/BF02382992

Wnuk A, Wiech K, 1996. The effect of spacing, date of sowing and intercropping on the occurrence of pea pests. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych. Seria E, Ochrona Roślin. 25 (1/2), 9-14.

Wnuk A, Wiech K, 1996a. Sitona weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) feeding on pea (Pisum sativum L.). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne. 65 (1/2), 73-81.

Wodicka B, 1984. The virus diseases of horse bean (Vicia faba). (Die Viruskrankheiten der Pferdebohne (Vicia faba).). Pflanzenarzt. 37 (10), 158-159.

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