Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Sitona lineatus
(pea leaf weevil)



Sitona lineatus (pea leaf weevil)


  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Sitona lineatus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pea leaf weevil
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pea leaf weevil.
TitleAdult on pea
CaptionPea leaf weevil.
Pea leaf weevil.
Adult on peaPea leaf weevil.AgrEvo


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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Sitona lineatus Linnaeus

Preferred Common Name

  • pea leaf weevil

Other Scientific Names

  • Curculio lineatus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Sitona cupreosquamosus Goeze
  • Sitona griseus Marsham, 1802
  • Sitona intersectus Fourcroy, 1785
  • Sitona lineata Linnaeus, 1758
  • Sitona neophytis Herbst, 1795
  • Sitona pisivora Stephens, 1831
  • Sitona squamosus Gmelin, 1790
  • Sitones lineatus Linnaeus, 1758

International Common Names

  • English: pea and bean weevil; striped bean weevil
  • Spanish: sitona del guisante
  • French: charançon rayé du pois; sitone des pois; sitone lineaire

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: stribet bladrandbille
  • Finland: juovahernekärsäkäs
  • Germany: Blattrandkaefer, Gestreifter-; Liniierten Blattrandkafer
  • Israel: chidkonit shulei haalim
  • Netherlands: bladrandkever
  • Norway: bladrandbille; ertesnutebille
  • Sweden: artviveln
  • Turkey: bezelye hortumlu bocegi

EPPO code

  • SITNGI (Sitona griseus)
  • SITNLI (Sitona lineatus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Curculionidae
  •                             Genus: Sitona
  •                                 Species: Sitona lineatus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


IranPresentBoroumand, 1975; Ahmadi and Alichi, 1991
IsraelPresentPlaut, 1975
SyriaPresentLinke et al., 1991; Makkouk and Kumari, 1995
TurkeyPresentLodos, 1971; Kivan, 1995


AlgeriaPresentNHM, 1905
EgyptPresentBlaeser, 1982; Fam, 1983
MoroccoPresentHoebeke and Wheeler, 1985; Fortass and Diallo, 1993
-Canary IslandsPresentNHM, 1927
TunisiaPresentBlaeser, 1982
UgandaPresentBaliddawa, 1988

North America

BermudaAbsent, intercepted onlyHoebeke and Wheeler, 1985
CanadaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-British ColumbiaPresentDownes, 1938; Hatch, 1971
USAPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-CaliforniaPresentBright, 1994
-FloridaPresentBloem et al., 2002
-IdahoPresentFisher and O'Keeffe, 1979b; Schotzko and O'Keeffe, 1988b; Bright, 1994
-OregonPresentBright, 1994; Williams et al., 1995
-VirginiaPresentHoebeke and Wheeler, 1985
-WashingtonPresentHatch, 1971; Bright, 1994; Williams et al., 1995


AustriaPresentWodicka, 1984
BelarusPresentMolodova, 1984
BelgiumPresentVulsteke et al., 1989; Vulsteke et al., 1996
CyprusPresentNHM, 1946
Czechoslovakia (former)PresentHavlickova, 1972a; Havlickova, 1972b; Kudela et al., 1984
DenmarkPresentNielsen, 1990; Holm, 1994; Steenberg and Ravn, 1996
EstoniaPresentSilfverberg, 1992
FinlandPresentMarkkula, 1971
FrancePresentHoffmann, 1950; Cantot, 1997; Lerin et al., 1997; Taupin and Janson, 1997
-CorsicaPresentHoffmann, 1950
GermanyPresentGreib and Klingauf, 1977; Oschmann, 1984
GibraltarPresentNHM, 1905
GreecePresentLykouressis et al., 1991
HungaryPresentNadasy, 1983
IrelandPresentNHM, 1948
LatviaPresentSilfverberg, 1992
LithuaniaPresentSilfverberg, 1992
NetherlandsPresentWijnands, 1991; Richardson, 1977; Ester and Jeuring, 1992
PolandPresentWnuk and Wiech, 1996a; Wnuk and Wiech, 1996b; Cmoluch and Letowski, 1976
PortugalPresentBorges and Louro, 1974; Sequeira and Borges, 1989
-AzoresPresentNHM, 19th C
-MadeiraPresentNHM, 1964
RomaniaPresentPanait et al., 1974; Lacatusu et al., 1978
Russian FederationPresentKaravyanskii et al., 1986; Shurovenkov, 1977; Novozhilov et al., 1990
SlovakiaPresentTóth et al., 2005
SpainPresentGimeno and Perdiguer, 1993
SwedenPresentNilsson, 1968; Sigvald, 1978; Olsson, 1980
UKPresentMurray and Clements, 1995; Ward and Morse, 1995; Biddle et al., 1996
-Channel IslandsPresentNHM, 1922
-England and WalesPresentImrei et al., 2002
UkrainePresentDyadechko et al., 1975
Yugoslavia (former)PresentTanasijevic, 1974


AustraliaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-South AustraliaPresentHawthorne, 1987
New ZealandAbsent, intercepted onlyRichardson, 1977

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Roots / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Agonum dorsale Predator
Allurus muricatus Parasite Adults
Anaphes diana Parasite Eggs
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen Adults/Larvae
Campogaster exigua Parasite Adults
Carabidae Predator Adults/Larvae
Harpalus rufipes Predator
Metarhizium anisopliae Pathogen Adults/Eggs/Larvae/Pupae
Metarhizium flavoviride Pathogen Eggs/Larvae
Microctonus aethiopoides Parasite Adults
Microsoma exigua Parasite
Paecilomyces farinosus Pathogen
Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Pathogen
Perilitus rutilus Parasite Adults
Pterostichus madidus Predator
Pterostichus melanarius Predator
Pygostolus falcatus Parasite Adults


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Aeschlimann JP, 1990. The distribution and importance of Microsoma exigua Mg. (Dipt., Tachinidae), a parasitoid of adult Sitona spp. (Col., Curculionidae) in the Mediterranean region. Journal of Applied Entomology, 109(2):151-155

Ahmadi AA, Alichi M, 1991. The Sitona (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) fauna of Fars Province. Proceedings of the Tenth Plant Protection Congress of Iran, 1-5 September 1991. Kerman, Iran: University of Shahid Bahonar

Arnold AJ, Cayley GR, Dunne Y, Etheridge P, Greenway AR, Griffiths DC, Phillips FT, Pye BJ, Rawlinson CJ, Scott GC, 1984. Biological effectiveness of electrostatically charged rotary atomisers. III. Trials on arable crops other than cereals, 1982. Annals of Applied Biology, 105(2):369-377

Auld DL, O'Keeffe LE, Murray GA, Smith JH, 1980. Diallel analyses of resistance to the adult pea leaf weevil in peas. Crop Science, 20(6):760-766

Balachowsky AS, 1963. Entomologie Appliquée a L'Agriculture. Tome 1. ColéoptFres (Second volume). Paris, France: Masson et Cie., 982-984

Baliddawa CW, 1984. Movement and feeding activity of adult pea leaf weevil, Sitona lineatus L. in an oat-broadbean diculture. Insect Science and its Application, 5(1):33-39

Baliddawa CW, 1988. The effect of crop microenvironment on the pea leaf weevil's behaviour: an explanation for weevil departure from diverse cropping systems. Insect Science and its Application, 9(4):509-514

Baranov AD, 1914. Pests of field crops. Materials for the study of the injurious insects of the government of Moscow. Moscow, V, 112-130

Bardner R, Fletcher KE, Griffiths DC, 1980. Problems in the control of the pea and bean weevil (Sitona lineatus). British Crop Protection Council: Proceedings of the 1979 British Crop Protection Conference - Pests and Diseases (10th British Insecticide and Fungicide Conference) 19th to 22nd November 1979. Hotel Metropole, Brighton, England. Volumes 1, 2 and 3. Croydon, UK: British Crop Protection Council, 223-229

Bardner R, Fletcher KE, Griffiths DC, 1983. Chemical control of the pea and bean weevil, Sitona lineatus L., and subsequent effects on the yield of field beans Vicia faba L. Journal of Agricultural Science, 101(1):71-80

Baughan PJ, Toms AM, 1984. The development of a complete seed coating package for peas. 1984 British Crop Protection Conference. Pests and diseases. Proceedings of a conference held at Brighton Metropole, England, November 19-22, 1984. Volume 3 Croydon, United Kingdom; British Crop Protection Council, 965-970

BERRY PA, PARKER HL, 1950. Notes on Parasites of Sitona in Europe with especial Reference to Campogaster exigua (Meig.) (Diptera, Larvaevoridae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 52(5):251-258 pp

Bezdicek DF, Quinn MA, Forse L, Heron D, Kahn ML, 1994. Insecticidal activity and competitiveness of Rhizobium spp containing the Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis d-endotoxin gene (cryIII) in legume nodules. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 26(12):1637-1646; 46 ref

Biddle AJ, Smart LE, Blight MM, Lane A, 1996. A monitoring system for the pea and bean weevil (Sitona lineatus). In: Brighton Crop Protection Conference: Pests & Diseases-1996: Volume 1: Proceedings of an International Conference, Brighton, UK, 18-21 November 1996. Farnham, UK: British Crop Protection Council

Bloem S, Mizell RF III, O'Brien CW, 2002. Old traps for new weevils: new records for Curculionids (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), Brentids (Coleoptera: Brentidae) and Anthribids (Coleoptera: Anthribidae) from Jefferson Co., Florida. Florida Entomologist, 85(4):632-644.

Blpser-Diekmann M, 1982. Survey on pests and diseases of faba beans (Vicia faba) in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. Fabis Newsletter, No. 4:44-45

Borges M de LV, Louro D, 1974. A biting insect as vector of broad bean mottle virus? Agronomia Lusitana, 36(2):215-216

Boroumand H, 1975. Key to the groups and species of the genus Sitona (Col. - Curculionidae) in Iran. Journal of the Entomological Society of Iran, 2(2):Pe 101-110; en 67-68

Bright DE, 1994. Revision of the genus Sitona (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) of North America. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 87(3):277-306

Cantot P, 1986. Estimation of the populations of Sitona lineatus L. and of their attacks on high-protein peas (Pisum sativum L.). Agronomie, 6(5):481-486

Cantot P, 1987. Influence of Sitona lineatus L. on the nodulation and yield components of peas. Colloques de l'INRA, No. 37:299-304

Cantot P, 1989. Effects of the larvae of Sitona lineatus L. on some productivity factors in proteaginous pea (Pisum sativum L.). Agronomie, 9(8):765-770

Cantot P, 1997. Methods for estimating populations of Sitona lineatus in pea fields. In: International Conference on Pests in Agriculture, 6-8 January 1997, at le Corum, Montpellier, France. Volume 3. Paris, France: Association Nationale pour la Protection des Plantes (ANPP)

Cantot P, Papineau J, 1983. Discrimination of lupins with low alkaloid contents by adults of Sitona lineatus L. (Col. Curculionidae). Agronomie, 3(9):937-940

Cmoluch Z, etowski J, Minda-Lechowska A, 1982. Weevils of the genus Sitona Germar (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) in plantations of papilionaceous plants in Poland. Annales Universitatis Marip Curie-Skodowska, C (Biologia), 37:67-86

Cmoluch Z, Letowski J, 1976. Weevils (Curculionidae, Coleoptera) on Onobrychis viciaefolia Scop. at Bezek (Chelm province). Annales Universitatis Marip Curie-Sklodowska, 31(18):201-210

Cockbain AJ, Cook SM, Bowen R, 1975. Transmission of broad bean stain virus and Echtes Ackerbohnenmosaik-Virus to field beans (Vicia faba) by weevils. Annals of Applied Biology, 81(3):331-339

Czerniakowski ZW, 1995. The dynamics of occurrence of Sitona lineatus L. on waste land and fallow in south-eastern Poland. Materiay Sesji Instytutu Ochrony Ros^acute~lin, 35(1):132-138; 4 ref

Czerniakowski ZW, BlaZej J, Olbrycht T, 1996. Increased incidence of major diseases and pests on horse bean (Vicia faba L. var. minor Harz.). Plant Breeding and Seed Science, 40(1/2):79-86; 20 ref

Czerniakowski ZW, Czerniakowski Z, 1994. The composition of Coleoptera species and intensity of their occurrence on Vicia faba plantations in south-eastern Poland. Materiay Sesji Instytutu Ochrony Ros^acute~lin, 34(1):215-221; 10 ref

Dieckmann L, 1980. Contributions to the insect fauna of the GDR: Coleoptera - Curculionidae (Brachycerinp, Otiorhynchinp, Brachyderinp). Beitrage zur Entomologie, 30(1):145-310

Dore T, Barrier C, Carriou Y, 1991. Management of proteinaceous peas and damage by weevils in Seine-et-Marne. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie d'Agriculture de France, 77(8):137-146

Downes W, 1938. The occurrence of Sitona lineatus L. in British Columbia. Canadian Entomologist, 70:22

Dyadechko NP, Goncharenko OI, Galun'ko VI, 1975. The toxicity of edge treatments of peas. Zashchita Rastenii, No.6:20

Ester A, Jeuring G, 1992. Efficacy of some insecticides used in coating faba beans to control pea and bean weevil (Sitona lineatus) and the relation between yield and attack. FABIS Newsletter, No. 30:32-41

Fam EZ, 1983. Reducing losses due to insects in faba beans in Egypt. FABIS Newsletter, Faba Bean Information Service, ICARDA, No. 7:48-49

Ferguson AW, 1994. Pests and plant injury on lupins in the south of England. Crop Protection, 13(3):201-210

Fisher JR, O'Keeffe LE, 1979. Food plants of the pea leaf weevil Sitona lineatus (Linnpus) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in northern Idaho and eastern Washington. Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 55(3):202-207

Fisher JR, O'Keeffe LE, 1979. Host potential of some cultivated legumes for the pea leaf weevil, Sitona lineatus (Linnpus) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 55(3):199-201

Fortass M, Diallo S, 1993. Broad bean mottle virus in Morocco; curculionid vectors, and natural occurrence in food legumes other than faba bean (Vicia faba). Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 99(4):219-226

Gimeno F, Perdiguer A, 1993. Study on evolution in Aragon of phytophagous insects on lucerne. Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 19(3):379-387

Greib G, Klingauf F, 1977. Investigations on the food-plant range of Sitona lineatus L. (Curcul., Coleopt.). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 82(3):267-274

Griffiths DC, Bardner R, Bater J, 1986. Control of damage by Sitona lineatus in autumn-sown faba beans. FABIS Newsletter, Faba Bean Information Service, ICARDA, 14:30-33

Hamon N, Allen-Williams L, Lee JB, Bardner R, 1984. Larval instar determination of the pea and bean weevil Sitona lineatus L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 120(1440/1443):167-171

Hamon N, Bardner R, Allen-Williams L, Lee JB, 1987. Flight periodicity and infestation size of Sitona lineatus. Annals of Applied Biology, 111(2):271-284

Hamon N, Bardner R, Allen-Williams LJ, Lee JB, 1990. Carabid populations in field beans and their effect on the population dynamics of Sitona lineatus (L.). Annals of Applied Biology, 117(1):51-62

Hatch MH, 1971. The beetles of the Pacific North-west, part V. Rhipiceroidea, Sternoxi, Phytophaga, Rhynchophora, and Lamellicornia. University of Washington Publication in Biology, 16

Havlickova H, 1972. The variability of the feeding of the pea weevil (Sitona lineatus L.) on lentil. Ochrana Rostlin, 8(2):107-112

Havlickova H, 1972. Verifying the feeding of Sitona lineatus under field conditions by laboratory tests. Ochrana Rostlin, 8(3):221-230

Havlickova H, 1979. The reaction of emerging lucerne to infestation with the pea weevil (Sitona lineatus L.). Sbornik Uvtiz - Ochrana Rostlin, 15(3):183-188

Hawthorne W, 1987. Beans, peas, vetches and other new crops. Occasional Publication, Australian Institute of Agricultural Science, No. 28:16-22

Herting B, 1960. Biology of West Palaearctic tachina Dipt., Tachinidae. Monographien ang. Ent.. 16 (Beihefte Z. ang. Ent.)

Hoebeke ER, Wheeler AG Jr, 1985. Sitona lineatus (L.), the pea leaf weevil: first records in eastern North America (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 87(1):216-220

Hoffmann A, 1950. Faune de France. C=leoptFres Curculionides, 52 (I T.). Paris, France: Lechevalier

Holm S, 1994. Diseases and pests in organic agriculture. SP Rapport, No. 17:44 pp

Imrei Z, Tóth M, Szarukán I, Smart L, Wadhams L, 2002. Pheromone trap improvement for Sitona weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): possibilities and recent results. (Csipkézo?barkó fajok (Sitona spp., Coleoptera: Curculionidae) feromonos csapdafejlesztésének leheto?sége és eddigi eredményei.) Növényvédelem, 38(11):571-579

Jackson DJ, 1920. Bionomics of weevils of the genus Sitones injurious to leguminous crops in Britain. Annals of Applied Biology, 7:269-298

Jaworska M, 1992. On the incidence of the pea weevil, Sitona lineatus L. (Col., Curculionidae) on annual legumes. Anzeiger fur Schadlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz, 65(4):70-72

Jaworska M, Ropek D, 1994. Influence of host-plant on the susceptibility of Sitona lineatus L. (Col., Curculionidae) to Steinernema carpocapsae Weiser. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 64(2):96-99

Jaworska M, Ropek D, 1996. Effect of biotic factors on control of Sitona lineatus by nematodes. In: Smits PH, ed. Insect pathogens and insect parasitic nematodes. Proceedings of the first joint meeting of the working groups, Poznan, Poland, 27 August-1 September, 1995. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 19(9):124-127

Joy NH, 1932. A Practical Handbook of British Beetles. Volume 1. London, UK: H. F. and G. Witherby

Kaiser WJ, 1994. Cloning Bacillus thuringiensis toxin genes for control of nodule-feeding insects. In: Expanding the production and use of cool season food legumes. In: Bezdicek DF, Quinn MA, Beck DP, Weigand S, Muehlbauer FJ, eds. Proceedings of the Second International Food Legume Research Conference on Pea, Lentil, Faba bean, Chickpea, and Grasspea, Cairo, Egypt, 12-16 April 1992. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 738-752

Karavyanskii NS, Blinova VP, Zhezmer VB, 1986. Economic thresholds. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 8:30

Kemner NA, 1917. Artviveln (Sitona lineatus L.). Centralanstalten för Jordbruksförsök. Flygblad 63

Kislyi GS, Pokozii VT, 1975. The trophic peculiarities of nodule weevils. Zashchita Rastenii, No.4:52

Kivan M, 1995. Preliminary investigations on Sitona Gm. (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) species occurring on forage legumes, their host plants and distribution in Tekirdag province. Tu^umlaut~rkiye Entomoloji Dergisi, 19(4):299-304; 15 ref

Kudela V, Havlícková H, Vacke J, 1984. Sitona lineatus as a vector of Corynebacterium michiganense pv. insidiosum.. Sborník úVTIZ, Ochrana Rostlin, 20(4):267-271; [2 tab.]; 12 ref

Lacatusu M, Perju T, Brudea V, 1978. Braconid parasites in pests of clover, lucerne and bird's-foot trefoil crops in Transylvania and Moldavia. Travaux du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle 'Grigore Antipa', 19:311-313

Landon F, Levieux J, Huignard J, Rougon D, Taupin P, 1995. Feeding activity of Sitona lineatus L. (Col., Curculionidae) on Pisum sativum L. (Leguminosae) during its imaginal life. Journal of Applied Entomology, 119(8):515-522; 19 ref

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Makkouk KM, Kumari SG, 1995. Transmission of broad bean stain comovirus and broad bean mottle bromovirus by weevils in Syria. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 102(2):136-139

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Murray PJ, 1996. Evaluation of a range of varieties of white clover for resistance to feeding by weevils of the genus Sitona. Plant Varieties and Seeds, 9:9-14

Murray PJ, Clement RO, 1995. Distribution and abundance of three species of Sitona (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in grassland in England. Annals of Applied Biology, 127(2):229-237; 18 ref

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Murray PJ, Clements RO, 1994. Investigations of the host feeding preferences of Sitona weevils found commonly on white clover (Trifolium repens) in the UK. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 71(1):73-79

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Nielsen BS, 1990. Yield responses of Vicia faba in relation to infestation levels of Sitona lineatus L. (Col., Curculionidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 110(4):398-407

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Olsson R, 1980. Results from our own field tests with Ambush in 1979. Vaxtskyddsrapporter Jordbruk, 12:83-92

Oschmann M, 1984. Studies on the effect on yield of field bean (Vicia faba L.) of the striped pea weevil (Sitona lineatus L.; Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Archiv für Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz, 20(5):371-381; [2 fig.]; 7 ref

Panait N, Oturbai F, Manea M, 1974. Injurious insect fauna of a lucerne field in the Constanta district and control measures. Probleme Agricole, 26(5):30-34

Plaut HN, 1975. An unusual case of damage caused by Sitona lineatus L. and Sitona crinitus Hbst. to peanuts. Hassadeh, 55(9):1567-1568

Poprawski TJ, Marchal M, Robert PH, 1985. Comparative susceptibility of Otiorhynchus sulcatus and Sitona lineatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) early stages to five entomopathogenic hyphomycetes. Environmental Entomology, 14(3):247-253

Prescott HW, Anderson WH, 1961. Characters for separating larvae of Sitona lineata (L.) and Sitona hispidula (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 54:465-466

Prescott HW, Reeher MH, 1961. The pea leaf weevil, an introduced pest of legumes in the Pacific Northwest. Technical Bulletin. United States Department of Agriculture, 1233:1-12

pschlimann JP, 1980. The Sitona (Col.: Curculionidae) species occurring on Medicago and their natural enemies in the Mediterranean region. Entomophaga, 25(2):139-153

pschlimann JP, 1986. Distribution and effectiveness of Anaphes diana (= Patasson lameerei) (Hym.: Mymaridae), a parasitoid of Sitona spp. eggs (Col.: Curculionidae) in the Mediterranean region. Entomophaga, 31(2):163-172

Raiser E, 1983. Pea and bean weevils. Landtechnische Zeitschrift, No. 5:608

Richardson CA, 1977. Notes on some insects intercepted entering New Zealand in 1975. New Zealand Entomologist, 6(3):309-311

Ropek D, Jaworska M, 1994. Effect of an entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae Weiser (Nematoda, Steinernematidae), on carabid beetles in field trials with annual legumes. Anzeiger fur Schadlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz, 67(5):97-100

Rostrup S, 1915. Some observations concerning Sitona lineatus. Entomologiske Meddelelser, 10(6):258-259

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